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Salt Lake Tribune: Monday, April 25, 1949 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 25, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                NEWS ans pan lateraoiutain Network Station KALL OMondij Thioutb Friday VOL11597NO 11 Partly cloudy Monday little changein temperature Detaili on Page SO SALT LAKE CITY UTAH MONDAY MORNING APRIL 25 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Housing Foe Admits Barriers Crumble GOP Leader Warns of Socialism But Cant Stop Vast Measure WASHINGTON April 24CSVThe rlast major barrier to final passage of a vast housing program appeared to be crumbling Sunday A leading house opponent indicated foes may be abou to call offthe fight Rep Jesse PWokott R who as house banking chairman in the Republicancon trolled 80th congress led the suc cessful opposition last year said I dont think we will be able to stop it now Looks Like Socialism It still looks Kke socialism to roe he told a reporter But the 57 to 13 vote by which tie sen ate approved the bill Thursday is I ft little too much to combat I dont know that we are going to try to stop it A showdown in the house prob ably will occur in two weeks The senateapproved measure authorizes a farflung slum clear ance program and construction in six years of 810000 lowrent pub lic housing units It provides also for a farm housing program and for housing research Heres how it would work Up to 40 Years 1 The federal government would provide up to for up to 40yeafs to help finance 810000 public housing units Mr Trumaarwants 1050000 such units built in the next seven years but the senate made it 810000 The house it is believed may accept thesenate figure Thehousing units would be owned and operated by local com munities The federal govern ments share of the cost would be a minor part Most of it would be met from rents collected along with local community confcribu tions Slum Clearance 2 A fiveyear slum clearance twothirds of the cost paid by the federal govern ment and the balance by local communities The bill authorizes in federal loans and J500000pOO in grants 3 The farm hous ing program wouldbe in three Howard Fast Labels T7 S as jthe greatest of warmongers Byrd Queries State Chief On Alliance Asks If Treaty Vote Obligates Solon To Indorse Arms WASHINGTON April 24 UP Harry FByrd D Va asked Secy of State Dean Acheson Sunday if a senator can vote for the North Atlantic Security treaty without com mitting himself to support a foreign arms program Byrd a chief economy advo cate in congress told a reporter lie would like to vote for ratifica tion of the security agreement But he said he is not now fav orably inclined toward the state departments proposal to supply 1130000000 in military equip ment in thft next year to the 11 nations which signed the agree ment along with the United States Prime Importance Achesons answer may be of prime importance as the senate repares to consider the treaty with hearings opening Wednes day In a letter to Acheson the Vir finian couched his questions in hese terms Does the North Atlantic pact Communist Pincers Close On 300000 Nationalists WARMONGERING PROTEST British Scribe Sheds Rights for Russia MOSCOW April Archibald Johnston 24 52 veteran Hugh Scott Jr G O 3P chief to consult British newspaperman renounced his citizenship Sunday in protest against British and American instructions to print all the anti Soviet speeches made by Prime Minister Clement Attlee Foreign Secy Ernest Bevin and Deputy In Ui Si Paris Meeting Hears PARIS April 24 How ard Fast American writer huge outdoor rally of partisans of the Communistsponsored worlc peace congress Sunday that a reign of terror is only beginhtng in America Every voice raised against war isrdenounced byitheiTruman gpy eriment a a eriment as an parts more than be of Relfrsustain ing farms who are otherwise un able to finance adequate housing a similar loan program along with annual federal contributions for up tovlO years to owners whose farms were hot at the time selfsustaining but coiildbe made so c loans and grants would be available for minor improvement and repair of dwellings on farms which could not be made selfsus taining The house banking committee will resume its housing hearings Monday after a 10day Easter re treason1 are Gathering of fS5000 Fast spoke at a gathering of about 25000 adherents of the con gress many of whom came in caravans from all parts of France in Buffalo stadium on the out skirts of Paris The rally was part of the sixday congress which closes Monday He was given tumultuous ap plause when he told the crowd the American people were the victims of the most evil inost hideous deception of all time Day in and day out they are being told that the great Soviet union the republic of the work ers and guardian of i humanity that land of liberty and freedom is a menace to their own liberty Wall Street Warmongers He said a group of Wall street warmongers t h e most complete immoral and in sane threat to the humajn race In freedoms holy name weare called upon to tunif the entire WASHINGTON April 24 UP world into a place of Trunian Letter Of 46 Asks Global Police iA 2yearold letter from Presi dent Harry S Trumali calling for a United Nations police force suf ficient to maintain the peace of the world was made public for the first time Sunday The letter dated Dec 2 1946 was in reply to one from Sen El bert D Thomas Utah stat ing that the technique for the accomplishment of the desire for disarmament 5 still Timely1 Thomas said Mr Trumans let ter is now ttmesy because of Soviet Premier Josef Stalins re cent statements on peace and dis armament An accompanying statement by the United States Federation of Justice said the presidents letter appears to be the only declaration by the head of any state since the war for a force strong enough to prevent another war The federation offered a re wardfor the first copy of any similar declaration by any government or any proposal by tny U N official In his letter Mr Truman said he favors world disarmament but not ohaunilateral basis He said if this nation had spent 000 onarms betweentha tworWorld wars the recent war might have been avoided SameMistake president of f the United States I do not expect to make that same again he as serted When we have a U N program implemented arid we have a sufficient police force for U N to maintain the peace of the world then I am ready to talk disarma ment and talk it in dead earnest but not Thomae a member of this senate foreign relations committee agreed He said there would al ways be a bully among nations no matter how coordinated the world becomes and the U N Banners BtstersrproSovjet slo gans and martialmusic brought the throng tohigh pitch as the series of speakers denounced west ern warmongers and lauded Russias regime As the crowds marched In the scene at times resembled a Nuern berg festival br May day parade in Moscow1 Groups tramped into the arena past the speakersstand bearing flags streamers slogans andhuge photographs of Stalin and Frank lin D Roosevelt In alllanguages the word peace stood out r Repeated many times was the slogan we will never fight against the Soviet and fight for peace Many groups wore distinctive armbands hats or shirts and some shouted in unison we want or peace of Vietnam Vietnamisin the IndoChinese re public with Moscowtrained Ho Chi Minh is seeking to establish byirebellion against theFrench s proposed commit this nation expressly impliedly of morally to urnish arms to the memberna ions following approval of the pact by the senate Have any communications been ha3 with these nations which would create the impression of a moral obligation to supply arms upon approvalof the pact and if so what were such obligations1 Anns Proposal Achesons reply to Byrds ques tions certain to have farreiach ing effect on senate consideration of both the treaty arid the arms proposal The treaty must have twothirds approval of senators voting to effective The fleed approval of both bouses Jn his to the double barreled foreign question Byrd iDuvlewpdint a sizable GOP Strategy To Reach Grass Roots WASHINGTON April i A 23member Republican strategy committee decided Sunday to hold a series of GOP grass roots con ferences in various sections of the country next fall National Chairman Hugh D Scott Jr Rr told reporters the first of these meetings prob ably will be heldin the midwest in September He said agricultural problems will form the principal pointof discussion A resolution approved by the strategy committee which Scott iieads called for cooperation of allv Republicans in holding the escaped Nazi slavery can conferences forward to a no less dire and tragic American slavery warmongering and declared he jwill remain in Soviet Russia to j fight for peace Johnston was chief editor of the British embassys Russianlan guage weekly Britansky Soyuznik and demanded British He was appointe to that post in February 194 For years he was employed on th liberal London newspaper th News Chronicle Johnston is the most highi placed British or American re resehtative in Moscow to brea with his country since the war Rakes Atlantic Pact In a 2800wordletter which too up four full columnsin the officia Communist party paper Pravda Johnston said theAtlantic pac gave the final impetus to his revocable decision The North Atlantic treaty h wrote is really a military bfo of imperialist states headed b the United and Englanc directed primarily against the So viet Union the sole oneJof th great powers fighting for peace Johnston lamented the fateo the British people who having look Bank and File segment man of the senatefinance committee and Chainwn iRobert AiyTaft of tee Save taken somewhat th same positibn Behind their questioning of th wisdom of supplying arms t other nations lie several objec tions Not the least these i Jie privatelyexpressed feartha this government will be spendUi itself into adeficit if thebrake arent appUed quickly To the senators who have in erested themselves particularl nthe Question any such cours holds the threat of increased tax ation at a time when business has slackened national committee memberS senators hduseLmembers governors and members of state Sighted Flying South Ui ban Uiego DIEGO Cal April 24 UPI The discs are flying again Among 12 persons who reported eeing them south of here Sunday rere a former army fighter pilot They were flying in a formation of four those who spotted them from a trailer court said James RrBennett the former fightef pilot said he observed the about as large as dinner plates in the fiy south across a valley at an elevation of about 2000 ft They were in a perfect box formation never varying it even when they banked Bennett said He estimated the discs were 30 ft each in diameter arid ofa bright silvery color Others gave similar accounts Coplon Faces Trial WASHINGTON April 24 UP broweyed JudithCoplon 27 former justice department em ploye accused of stealing secret government files for transmission to Russia on trial here Mon day cpnfrrencesliat said rank and file Repuflicaris wiU be asked to give their opinicihs on prpblems of the nation ef topics loVbeidiscussed it the regiotial said include vcim servatioh of resources and other subjects yet to be desig nated i Were going baek to the grass roots to get the opinion of the peopleas to what the Republican attitude should be on matters of pational interest said Fiarm He said a subcommittee of the national committee headed by Axel J Beck of South Dakota wiU meet here Wednesday to lay preliminary plans for the farm meetings State Republican committees were urged by the strategy group to hold conferences of voters in every congressional district before the regiona meetings take place The s tr a t e g y group elected Thomas E Coleman of Wisconsin is its own vice chairman It aur horized Scott to name a subcom mittee of six which will function continuously on strategy matters With Scott as its chairman the subcommittee is expected to in clude Coleman Sen Owen W Brewster of Rep Leo nard Hall of New York Denounces Embassy the British embassy staff from Ambassador Sir Mau rfce Peterson4own to the last codi clerkJohnston said he had been naiveenough to beheve he coulc help AngloSoviet ielahons when heBcceJteaithe job of editor in chief of Britansky Soyuznlk he added it becamelclear the British embassy ui Moscow not interested in the jmprove of AngloSoviet relations anc actually does everything possible to worsen them As evidence he r cited embassy Mesh Canipalgn Brewster heads the senatorial ampaign committee and Hall leads a similar group in the house icott said the senatorial and ouse groups had agreed to mesh their cainpaigrrwork with the na ional committee Scottdescribed Sundays Vneet ng as brie held in a general spirit f optimism He said that for the iist tune since the January meet Jig of the national committee in imaha where an unsuccessful ight was made to unseat the IIAW Strikes Idles 9000 At Packard 25 Monday strike of C10 United Auto workers began Monday at Pack ard Motor Gar Go Nine thousand workers were af fected Picket lines of about 60 union members beganmarcliing in front of the plant before the midnight deadline Only 200 skeleton crew workers due in at 11 pm were immediately hit iThe first shift normally reports at7 There were unconfirmed reports that Packard and union repre sentatives were sMf holding ne gotiations on alleged grievances which the union said were respon sible for the walkout StrikeAction Surprise Strike action at a surprise mem bership meeting followed 17 hours of weeRend meetings between company and linion Before the deadline a company official said a walkout would be difficult to understand in view of the satisfactory progress at the Urban listed the union gnev ances as fellows Prime Minister Herbert Morrison His Protest Rejected He also said Peterson rejected hisprotest demanded publication of an Attlee speech which contained a false flood ofinsults oirtlie part of the Soviet government against the British people A Radio Moscow broadcast heard in London quoted Johnston that everybody in the embassy agreed that Attlees speech was false butnevertheless Sir Maurice Peterson forced me to publish Instructed Johnston 2 Frank Roberts who came to Moscow in 1948 as Bevuis per sonal representative in the four power talks on Germany person ally instructed Johnston to portray ArtJee Bevin and then U S Secy of State George C Marshall as apostles of peace and the Soviet leaders as coveting world dom ination 3 Press Attache Dobbs recently told Johnston to publish a series of articles showing AngloAmer can military and economic might so as to scare the Russians Victors Bypass Shanghai Take Vital Rail Junction SHANGHAI Monday April 25 5s Communist armies walked into undefended Nanking Sunday and Monday snapped shut a trap on 300000 Nationalist soldiers between Shanghai and Hangchow Red troops rushing southward after their creasing Yangtze bypassed Shanghai and captured Hashing vital rail junction city m a slash toward the sea At Hashing S3 Likely to Fall Without Struggle SHANGHAI Monday April 25 tour of theWeslern suburbs of Shanghai Monday in dicated the Communists prob ably will be ajlowed to walk into the city without a fight Despite the garrison com mands statement that the city will be defended come what may the defenses west side danger zone appeared in adequate to offer more than tokenresistance Several thousand trooja with drawn from the area 15 miles west of the city moved into the Monday UK augment other forces long held m readi ness there but they are mak ing no large scale preparations for strong resistance of this largest Asian city 1 munists cut the last rail escape route for retreating government troops pulling back on the big seaport of Hangchow 100 miles southwest of Shanghai Hashing is at the jmsetiomscthe ShanghaiHangchow railway and the Soochow railway Earlier the 7 Reds Kimshan 30 miles west of Shang hai cutting theNankingShftng hai railway 20 mileseast ofSoo chow Another short line links Kashing and Suchow Reports of Kashing bore out earlier reports from Associated Press CorrasponfientSeymoor Top ping m Nanking who said Reds had launched their ambitious entrapment maneuver1 He reported f more than 30000 Natiopalisttropps jwho fled Nanking Saturday ready hadbeen captured on their way to Hacgchow port presumably came from Red sources The Reds were said ta Britain Medics Doing Best Under Health Servile Man note Bud concluding m BrlUlns aeveml tttjber newiu by Catretftmttnt cirvnl The hwillh mrvlce aHlclm a tpcclsl tattt b i Mr Grrtiuh By FRANK GERVASI LONDON April Admiius tratively Britains nationaFiiealth service is operated by 138 executiv councils composed of 25 member sach They serve without pay bu hey get traveling and living ex ienses The boards are strictly tion lolitical conservatives longside laborites ard hberals in pracfacslly every ommunity Special Boards Special hospital boards heade y highly trained paid administra orsrun the hospitals whichan grouped around teaching hospitals 34 So far the maustr f health responsible for policy as not become overloaded as for Distance is our veterans admin tration It has only 800 employes There are more than 10000 voiun arv workers in the scheme With characteristic British ioy ty tae polftically oddly assorted taffs are doing the best job they now how despite frequent antag socialized medicine tn A typical conservative hairmah the Republicans appear ancea asfcHovra o be construe several employes gettingbehind a construe ve program The national committees execu ve committee meettog hereto lorrow is expected to approve undays call for regional confer nces TUIVIMY ACHES TODAY British Kids on Gandv r V LONDON April rationing ended Sundayi and not since 1942 hasthe United Kingdom seen somany smeared faces and There was only one thought about it for Britains juveniiesr There may be a lot of stomach aches Monday after the castor pjil But Sunday was fine and sunny and if anyone was unhappy it was not within sound of Bow bells where full of gumdrops That risrthe the true cockney In the West End gentlemen with dates bought chocolateswith ribbon around them At the resorts by the sea everyonewas licking fhiffy clouds jof syrup spun oa iticki 2 Violation of seniority rights 3 Barring of the union bargain ing committee from the shop in violation of an agreement signed Oct 21 4 Failure of the company to cor rect health hazards in production departinents In the past week Packard was hit walkouts which the union said caused by a dispute over gold paint being used on cars in preparation for the jubi lee celebration nism to rmciple aid of the scheme Ineacapabli Kinks1 I must confess this was what has needed for a long V Britain time I wouldnt have done it this way perhaps out I certainly would have something like it Anyhow now we ve got it weve simply got to make it work Well have the kinks out of Jt in a few years never you fear Some of the kinks were Inescap able It was unavoidable for in stance that Britons who could lever to care for their teeth should rush to have abscessed molars renioved and bridges anidentures fitted Under the old national health dental care was forcertain and employes earning up toabout a year Only lOOOOSO par sons had their 1847 at a total cost of Jiall paid by the beneficiaries and half by the state Since Duly 5 4150 000 have had dental care at a total cost of Forty per cent of those treated asked for falsa teeth Britons un doubtedly had the worst teelh in the civilized world before the tioral health service came into existence They seen hav the best with a resultant eventual betterment in general health wciker efficiency and industrial productivity With four times the number of See fuge S Column 600000 eration snisr the gigantic op The only report of KaiVnaJist offensive action was itrafing of Kankingsriniier day by three theplanes ovewhot their mark and afreetstln Arsenal City Of NankTnr atbrm the isolated TRUCKTRAIN Rail Collision Fatal to 10 CARTHAGE Tenn Monday April 25 Ten persons were dlled and one critssuy injurat Sundsfy night when a fast Ten nessee Central freight train plowed nto a a crossing near ere All of the dea9 and injured were riding in the truck They were to their homes from hurch services The tragedy wiped ut an entire family Killed Instantlywere Jess Bennett 50 dnver his nfe Mattie Bell Bennett 45 and heir sons Douglas 12 U L Ben ett 10 aedMelvin Earl eight Mrs Paulie Bennett Dickens 4 daughter of the Bennetts her usband Paulie Dickens 27 and aughter Catherine W E CCon ue Bennett 49 Jess Bennetts rother The rector of a north side church his cheeks puffed out withmarshmallows realized a mistakeHe paid off the choir boys whoadjourned toTonys lollypop parlor the confectioners shops took a beating While rationing was abolished many merchants had to impose a limit of a pound or two to a customer to protect themselves But in this Kew free f or yoHjjgsterB theres no law against other shops Hence there was a lot of bustling about for aSunday There were good substantial British but no 1 tJrbaa the union had met with company officials from 2pm Saturday until 3 am Sunday and again vfor three hours Sunday af ternoon The strike was the first fullicale walkout this year on an automotive front plagued by numerous petty disputes Almost daily since early in the year there had been quickie walkouts and mass lay offs at the larger auto firms Last week at Ford Motor Rouge and Lineota plants voted to strike They awaiting approval of the intenw tions union Urban said the tting voted 978 membership in favor of HushHush ExRed to Reveal U SSlav Congress Spy Data WASHINGTON April 24 UP spy hunters said Sunday they have toed upsome impor tantinformatloji on the Amen eanSlavr congress from an ex Corununist whose name ia being withheld for his own protection The hushhush witness will be questioned ty the house unAmer ican activities committee behind closed doors during its current investigation of what any congress or its membfs in Communist spy activ ities The inquiry Mon day also will include several big city of thfe powerful United Workers onion Committee officials said both groups would afford convenient cloak fpr Comjmuntst jjpies The electrical are strongly or ganized in several critical Indus tries Tht AmericanSlav con gress is concentrated In heavy in dustrial areas The congress already has been cited as Subversive both by the committee and the justicedepart ment The committee Also termed the union Communistdom inated While the spy declined to discuss their former Communist other than to identify him as a friendly witness they said his testimony probably wiHbe taken behind closed doors and that hur name may never be disclosed The investigators said previous ly that they hope to show a link some the con gress the Soviet Ont of their chief witnesses will be Steva Nelson Communist party organizer in the Pittsburgh where the AmericanSlav congress is well organized They question him about some facts de veloped dtSrlnjf last falls jruin reported that by gun day night sol diers had quietly spread all over Nanking which sighed with relief that the changeoverhad been reasonably safe r Jh midafternoon three govern ment planes strafed the Ming Tomb airfield inside Nankings sails and Communist gunners re plied the targets ip jarently were bomb dumps and fuel left behind by the retreating Nationalists Saturday was A Communist victory Sunday but erratic luid intermittent tele graph communications brought no word of it by fate Monday were re ported to have reached Kunsban village lesy than 30 mflear west of Shanghai by nightfall Gov ernment troop trains were moving to that point All other rail fie westward way halted Pittsburgh of The Communist radio announced that Taiyuan the socalled Pitts China was tskea by stormin a Sun day and thafTnl the 150000 Na tionalist defenders were An American aviator who flew over Taiyuan confirmed whole city vras a amoklhg rairf Therewas no word of the where abouts of the main bcdietof 1000000 men the Reds say they have put across to the south 3f the Yangtze aigce Wednesday midnight on a 450mile tront It likely they would drive hard for Hangchow Nation alist escape funnel 100 milw if Shanghai and clean up the rear ncluding Shanghai more leisure y Reiterate Stand Government commanders reiter that they will defend fflumg ai to the last Most residents were trying des erately to save their property rom looters Some looting already was xirted fom outlying districts of is greatest Asiatic city of more thaa population Tha streets jammed all Sunday with trucks cars rick shaws pedlcabg and porters mov ing possessions to downtown houses where they presumably would bt safer Refugees swametf out of Shang hai but others hiked in hoping for greater security in the ttiul ness district Generalissimo Chiang Kkisfacki retired NtUowUUi left ing for the frfrAttoy in Tnswnuqr Chinese warship thoaift Vnot identified the planned n v   

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