Saturday, April 23, 1949

Salt Lake Tribune

Location: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 23, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday filmn WEATHER Partly cloudy and coatiaued warm Saturday oa II VOL 159 NO 9 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SATURDAY MORNING APRIL 23 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Nationalist Forces Flee Nanking President Offers Health Pattern Requests Wage Tax to Provide Best Modern Medical Care WASHINGTON April 22 Harry S Truman asked congress Friday to set up a compulsory health insurance program financed by payroll taxes to give the people the prepaid right to the best modern medical care He also recommended that increased federal funds be made available to help medical schools train more doctors to build more and larger hospitals and to assist states in public health and disease prevention work Our objective must be two fold he said in a 3000 word message to the house and senate AT A GLANCE Heres Digest Of Truman Health Plan 5 WASHINGTON April 22 Highlights of the national health program laid before congress Fri day by Pres Harry S Truman The goal Adequate medical care for all our citizens The program 1 A nationwide compulsory health insurance sys tem 2 federal help for medical schools 3 increased federal aid for construction of hospitals and and other medical facilities 4 increased federal grants to state and local government for preven tion and control of disease to pro mote maternal and child health services and general public health activities The cost Mr Truman did not estimate it in dollars but he said The truth is that it will save a great deal more than it costs We are already paying about four per cent of our national income for health care More and better care can be obtained for this same amount of money under the pro gram I am recommending So cial security officials estimate the cost of the prepaid health insur ance program alone may run as high as a year Method of financings Mr Tru man was not explicit on this point speaking only of prepaid medi cal insurance and a system on the pattern of our existing social insurance plans But his planners say the insured medical care might be financed at the start by a three per cent pay roll one and onehalf per cent each on employers and employes Drug Relieves Fever To make available enough med ical services to go around and to see that everybody has a chance to obtain those services FourPoint Plan His fourpoint plan is certain to meet stiff opposition from some congressmen and from the Amer ican Medical Assn The A M A already is raising a fund to fight the program which it calls socialized medicine Some senate and house members take the same view and hard legislative fight is in prospect Chairman James E Murray D Mont of a senate labor and public welfare subcommittee and a champion of the plan said a bill to carry out the program will oe introduced soon and that the com mittee will meet to plan public hearings Predicts Rejection Chairman Rqbert A Taft R O of the senate GOP policy committee predicted congress will reject the compulsory insurance plan but he indorsed federal aid to medical schools and hospitals He denounced Mr Trumans mes sage as an effort to sugarcoat a plan to socialize and nationalize medicine and said that if carried out it would lay a heavy new tax burden on the public and involve patients and doctors in elaborate federal regulation Mr Truman did not estimate any overall cost nor did he say how high the pay roll tax should be He outlined his proposals only in general terms and made it plain that he is ready to cooperate on details to assure quick passage of the best possible plan Low Incomes Exempt Other officials said the adminis tration favors a tax of one and onehalf per cent each on employ ers and employes Tt was under stood that persons in low income groups would be exempt from this WW tax and that ineir premiums would HilV F be Paid fay the government aj Officials estimated that 000000 a year would be raised by DETROIT April 22 newjpay taxes and that congress drug for hay fever asthma and would nave to appropriate an additional annually as the governments contribution The A M A says the plan would cost much more than that Its j estimate ranges from 000 to a year Congressional supporters said the administration will seek to have health insurance cover all workers under social security and millions of farmers and self employed persons as well How the latter would be taxed has not been explained 117000000 Eligible Counting the families of covered workers they said about 117 000000 persons would be eligible for benefits Informed sources said the ad ministration will propose that ben efits start on July I 1951 Begin ning next Jan 1 however there would be an initial tooling up pay roll tax of one quarter of one percent each on employers and employes This would go up toj the full one and one half per cent See Page S Column 3 A Moyer Culp vice president of Wellington fund a Philadelphia Investment trust shown walking to muchdiscussed Montgomery Ward and Co stockholders meeting in Chicago Friday expressed dis satisfaction with present Ward management and as gesture of pro test voted funds entire block of 8000 shares for David Crawford OVERWHELMING VOTE Ward Stockholders Tell Avery Hes Still Boss Board Relaxes Credit Rule Exeepts Cars Culs Down Payments To Extends Time to 24 Months WASHINGTON April 22 The federal reserve board Friday lengthened to 24 months the time limit for completing installment purchase payments aild simultan eously cut the down payment to 10 for everything but automo biles The new regulations will be come effective April 27 marking the second time the board has reRobert D Murphy Hell try laxed credit controls in less than lo ovcr German Socialists two months The new 24month time limit re places the 21month limit that has been in effect since March 7 The 10 cash down payment replaces 15 requirement also in effect since March 7 Articles Now Exempt In addition the board exempted from control requirements furni ture radios and refrigerators and other nowcontrolled items costing less than Previously the only exemption was for articles costing or less Thomas B McCabe chairman of the board declared that any in crease in credit which may result from this new relaxation would Diplomat Sent To Placate Reich on Rule WASHINGTON April 22 An ace American troubleshooter Robert D Murphy rushed over seas Friday night to sell a com promise plan of limited selfgov ernment to balking Germans and iruiii ui5 new remxauon wuuiu prevent Russia from winning not under present circumstances e be a significant element in reviv1a round in thc 9old ing inflationary pressures If however such a condition were to arise again I am sure the board would act promptly to meet the situation McCabe said The compromise was offered by the Big United States Britain and France after the powerful German Socialist party turned thumbs down on a Big The automobile cash down payThree a federal German era it nth litnirciH CHICAGO April 22 people who own Montgomery Ward and Co Friday told Sewell Avery to go on running it Stockholders at their annual meeting brushed aside complaints over Averys leadership and gave him a whopping vote of confidence They reelected him a director by a larger vote than any of the other nominees Wholesale Resignations Then the directors reelected the 75yearold Avery chairman and chief executive officer of the na tions second largest retail mer chandising firm Averys reelection wholesale resignations followed of top management personnel from the firm One president and nine vice other allergies is 20 times more potent than present ones two scientists said Friday It can be taken in far smaller doses and it protects against an allergic attack three times longer than other drugs they reported It is also much less likely to cause undesired effects like sleepiness nausea or dizziness which the anti allergic drugs bring on in some people The drug named chlorotrime ton was announced by Drs Rich ard F Tislow and Annette Labelle of the Schering Corp Bloomfield N J It is being tested now on humans and is expected to be available to the public soon through doctors prescriptions Dr Tislow said Church Mail Banned BERLIN April 22 leaders said Friday that the churchs publications in Berlin have been barred from the mails in the Russianoccupied German territory Nevadan Rules Law Voids Gaming Debts RENO Nev April 22 Judge Mcrwyn Brown ruled Fri day gambling debts are void in Ne vada Buddies of Slain Police Watch Reno Murderer Pay Debt CARSON CITY Nev April 22 of two slain police men saw their young killer put to death at the Nevada penitentiary Friday As 19yeajold David Blackwell of Tacoma Wash died in the prison gas chamber more than a dozen members ofthe Reno police force watched him through a win dow The day he shot Roy and Allen I promised him I would be here when this time came said former Det Eugene Cowan Cowan was the pfficer who shot and wounded Blackwell after the youth had emptied his gun into LcRoy Gcach and Alien Glass in a Reno hotel room the night of Nov 8 1947 Geach and Glass had gone to the room to question Blackwell about a holdup at a Reno night club As he sat in the white death chair in the execution chamber at dawn Friday morning Blackwell recognized Cowans face pressed against the window He nodded and winked at the officer An instant later a cyanide pellet suspended under the chair was dropped into a pot of sulphuric acid The bojf was unconscious within five seconds At am nine minutes after the pellet dropped he was declared dead by the prison physician Dist Judge William McKnight ruled more than a year ago that such debts are legal Judge Browns decision was in gambler Newell Benningfields suit against the estate of the late Leonard Wolff 28 Benningfield contended Wolff a member of a wealthy Denver family lost 86000 at Benning fields night club Checks Total Wolff gave Benningfield three checks totaling A few hours later he was found shot to death in his crashed car Coroner Laurance Layman called the death suicide but a coroners jury found only death was caused by a gunshot wound Wolffs bank subsequently re fused to pay the checks contend ing they were irregularly signed John Belford attorney for Wolffs estate agreed the checks were given in payment of a gam bling debt Argues on Statute He argued however that the Queen Arine statute of statute which declared all gaming debts incorporated into Nevada law by the state constitu tion Royal Stewart attorney for Benningfield contended the debt was legal because the card game was duly licensed by the state of Nevada In December 1947 Judge McKnight holding gambling debts valid said It is absurd to say that an act expresslyauthorized by statute is illegal or contrary to public policy Judge Brown however held i with Belford presidents quit within the last year Several said they did so be cause they couldnt get along with Avery 1 Several large blocks of votes were withheld from Avery because of the management flareup But Avery didnt need them He made up that loss and more besides from other stockholders Among those who had opposed Avery was A Moyer Culp vice president of the Wellington fund an investment trust holding 8000 shares of Ward stock The Well ington fund block of shares was cast for David Crawford List of Support Avery received 5181399 votes which represented the number of class A common stock cast for him All the other nominees for direc tor on the management slate picked by Avery also were elected There was no one put up in opposi tion David Crawford president of Pullman Inc got 4435430 votes Pilip Clarke president of the City National Bank and Trust Co of Chicago got 4394366 and Don ald McLennan Jr an insurance man got 4389381 Avery referred to the recent resignations from the company as a conspiracy against manage ment Executive Exodus After tender treatment more than could have been expected 1 placed this matter before the board of directors Avery said As a result the president was asked to resign This referred to the resignation last summer of Wilbur Norton then Wards president and now on the executive committee of General Motors Corp The nine vice presi dents subsequently followed Nor ton out of the company Pope Audience Rumor Stirs Ire of Britons LONDON April 22 pro test against any meeting of Prin cess Margaret and Pope Pius XH was lodged by two protestant ori spot and officials fear it would ganizations Friday They asked King George 30290 Workers At Ford Plant Vote for Strike DETROIT April 22 Workers at the Ford Motor Cosbig Rouge plant gave solid approval to a strike proposal an official of CIO United Auto Workers local 600 reported Fri da night Local Pres Thomas Thompson aaid a final count of ballots in the fiveday strike vote showed 30290 workers in favor of a kvalkout and 4400 against The strike vote was authorized by the local last Saturday after Thomas Thompson president had advised the members that all methods short of a strike had been exhausted in attempts to reach agreement with the company regarding a yearold complaintof a speed up on the car assembly line in wharf is Known at the B building at Rouge mentcontinues at while that on the dozen other articles under regulation drops to Regulated Items The other regulated items are COOK stoves dish washers ironers refrigerators washing machines air conditioners radios television sets phonographs sewing ma chines vacuum cleaners furriture and rugs McCabe said the board in eas ing installment credit terms had in mind not only current credit developments and current trends in employment and business but also the relation of the total vol ume of installment credit to na tional income Latest government reports showed total a peak of about while national income waa estimated annual rate of 230000CK0000 state with limited powers Give In Slightly In the compromise made public Friday night the three powers gave in silently to thd Socialists demands for more centralized con trol of the finances of the pro posed west German regime Secretary of State Dear Ache son picked Murphy his top expert on German affairs to put the compromise a c r o ss Murphy American political adviser for the occupation cancelled important speaking engagements in this country to make the trip The urgent reason for the move was this if the Germans should finally reject the western allies offer to creat a German govern ment in the western zones it would be a big diplomatic victory for Russia Attempts Failed Big Three attempts to agree on a plan to put Germany on its feet politically and economically bogged down long ago in endless reciminations Then the western powers determined to go ahead to set up a regime in the west ern zones try to foster democ racy and prosperity there and thus check the spread of com munism Now if the Germans themsel ves should scorn the plari it would put the Big Three on a awkward VI emporal head of the church of England to see that his 18year old daughter does not have an audience with the Roman Catholic pontiff on a tour of Italy she plans to start next week The long historic struggle against papal influence in the reigning house of England was cited Letters to King Letters were sent to the king by the Protestant Truth society an information agency represent ng most prbtestant churches in Britain and by the National Union of Protestants in Northern Ireland They were based upon dispatches from Italy to the British press saying Margaret might call on the Pope at some time during the month she plans to spend Sn Italy There was no confirmation of such a plan in either London or Rome Both Buckingham palace and Vatican authorities declined com ment The Truth society letter signed by Secy J A Kensit said Wish Happiness Naturally your majestys sub jects wish her every happiness in her journey But we knowing we express the views of a very large section of the public graciously request your majesty hot to give permission for a visit to the Pope and to inform the government and your majestys ambassador in Rome that any arrangement for such a visit might justify one course of action private visit such as Is planned for the prin encourage the spread of commu nism The concessions offered in the compromise plan were on techni cal parliamentary points They were interpreted by officials here as going part way toward the de mand of German social democrat ic party leaders that the central government be given stronger powers than the military govern ments have thus far been willing to approve Ambassador Murphy will talk with leaders of the German con stitution makers at Bonn during a hurried trip of about a week officials said He also will confer with Gen Lucius D Clay Ameri can military governor before re turning with a first hand report for Secy Acheson Oncoming Reds Seize China Capital Control SHANGHAI Saturday April 23 abandoned their capital of Nanking to the advancing Communist armies Saturday and the reds sent word they would cross tha Yangtze in force and enter Nanking at 7 am Sunday 6 pm Saturday Red underground leaderscooperating with the local peace preservation corps announced that they were taking over control of the capital pending the arrival of the Communist armies Warn of Advance Advance Communist envoys ar rived in noon 11 pm Friday EST and notified the Central Bank of China and other government organizations that the Communist army would start tak ing over the city Sunday United Press Correspondent Xiang Kuosin reported by phone from Nanking at noon that saw no Red troops in the capital during a citywide jeep tour Red troops poured across the Yangtze north and south of Nan king while other Red forces aimed at Shanghai Chinas foremost city and Wuhsih a rice growing center south of Nanking Acting Pres Lt Tsungjen and Premier Ho Yingchin flew to Shanghai from Nanking at dawn Saturday morning They were re ported to be trying to organize the remnants of the shattered Nation alist forces for a last ditch de fense of Shanghai Chiang Urges Stand Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek coming out of retirement for the first time since he gave up the gov ernment reins conferred late Fri day withgovernment and Kuomin tang leaders at Hahgchow At Chiangs Nation alists decided to fight it out As far as could be learned there were only meager gbverhmenl forces standing between Shanghai and an estimated 1500000 Red troops being hurled across the Yangtze east and west of Nan king The telephone report from Nan king said that the city had already passed into history as the former capital of Nationalist China Mobs Plunder Town While a handful of diplomats and other foreign nationals waited be hind walls brightly painted with the flags of their country mobs were stripping other buildings of everything they could carry away Nationalist troops police and the Nationalist government itself were gone Meantime the mobs poured through unguarded gates ofhouses Hundreds of men women and chil dren their armsloaded with rich draperies scrolls and decorations ran grinning down the streets Nobody stoodin their way There were no police on the streets Telephone calls to the precinct sta tions were unanswered Downtown Nanking streets were jammed from curb to curb with mobs Looting was gaining in in tensity by the hour Raid Home The first target of the mob was garrison headquartera the presidential offices Then they went to Pres Li Tsungjens pri vate residence a short distance away from the Unite Press bu reau The throngs yelling as they passed stormed into the private home of the man who had been their president until a few hours before They Knocked down doors and threw furniture out the win dow Clouds of dust hung over the main business district The streets were a shambles of broken glass and debris The halfstarved mob looked first of all for rice and flour but meanwhile were taking See Page 2 Column Chinese Reds Again British Sloop SHANGHAI April 22 UfrTha British sloop Amethyst waa hif again Friday by Chinese Commu nist shell fire when to limp up the Yangtze to Nanking The British in Nanking and naval in Shanghai both reported the incident but did not know if any new casualties had been added to the crippled ships Id dead and 40odd wounded They said the Amethyit prer vented from Amoving by daylight either upstream or down from her position about 60 miles east of Nanking might try to reach Nan king by night The I375rtoh vessel waa attacked Wedehsday heavily damaged arid driven ashore on ah island in the river ihe sought to Nari king on a routine mission of supply and protection for the esnbasay Three other British ahipfl the cruiser London destroyer Consorti and sloop Black Swan were dam aged by they tb aid the Ame thyst Total casualties were 1 44 dead and 82 or more woundei cess ship Is in a different relation Wealthy Coast Landlord Dies In Ranch Home Shooting that her relationship with Owen RIVERSIDE Cal April 22 John EOwen 68 president of the National Apartment House Owners Assn and prominent rancher was ahot fatally Friday night at ranch home near here Sheriffs deputies booked his secretary Mrs Agnes E Gamier 53 on suspicion of murder Officers said they were called to the palatial Jurupa ranch by Mrs Garni or I just shot Johnny an officer quoted Mrs Gamier He said they found her sitting calmly waiting for them The officer said only one shot had been fired from a 3230 pistol It struck Owen in the chest Under questioning Mrs Gamier was strictly business officers re ported She also is general manager of the DuBarry one of Owens properties in Loa Ani gelcs Owen and Mrs Gamier recently returned from a trip to Washing ton where he appeared at con gressional on rert de control Owen waa serving his aecond term as head of the national as sociation and also waa president of the California Apartment Houae Owners Assn Beaidea hU here and In Beverly Hills Owen maintained horse and Hereford cattle breeding ami A Minna The Ame baa been jinder tihual but managed to refltoat herself She is estimatedratiU i capabla 0f l AH of her wounded reached Shanghai by train Friday night with the bodies of CrndTi B M1 Skinner and one other who died after being taken ashore Some of wounded had lost and one man had a broken back A British source aald the 1 other Amethyat dead had been buried ataea presumably meant in the river The wounded were placed Inthe U S navy shore hoapital in Shanghai U S Unionists Hail Riissia PARIS April 22 Henderson an Americanlabor leader told nated world peace congress Fri day that in the United States will not be driven into a war against theSoviet Union The 2244 persons from 48 coun tries who are attending the con gress gave him an ovationThe delegates have heard speaker after speaker denounce the United States and other weatern powera and praise Russia Makes Bitter Attack Henderson international presi dent of the Tobacco Agricultural and Allied Workers Union of America an affiliate of the C I O made a bitter attack on his own government He accused it of using every device trick to confute divide bribe and use democratic people as weapons against the forces of democracy in the world i The labor leader said the headr quarters of world imperialism ia located in Washington The com mon people of America he de clared have withstood a fUthy torrent of antiSoviet propaganda Felt Some ct Terror j American working people Hen derson iaid have felt tome of the terror of reaction In the Tail Hartley act which was designed to weaken and if poaaible amaah the unions arid prepare the way for the Atlantic pact and war designs Dr W E B DuboU 11yearold American Negro author and man of the American delegatioft to the congren made thla ence to the United Drunk with power we are leading tha world to hell In new colonialism frith the human tlavery which 4 i