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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 16, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Warmer with Increasing high cloudiness late Saturday on 18 VOL 159 NO 2 THE SALT LAKE TRIBUNE SATURDAY MORNING APRIL 16 1919 PRICE FIVE CENTS U S Stays Ahead In Atomic Race Commission Aid Assures Nation Contest Lead Not Temporary5 BOSTON April 15 has a better lead in the bomb race than many people think One of the few authorities on this super secret subject gave that assurance last night Sumner T Pike of the atomic energy commission told the an nual spring dinner of the Bowdoin club of Boston that Americas atom bomb leadership is not as temporary as some of us think Furthermore Pike said when our monopoly does end well have a good lead in the num ber of bombs on hand Idaho Reactor The official then referred to the proposed atomic reactor plant to be built at Arco Ida with the statement that it is conceivable that a minor catastrophe or ac cident might occur there He said this might happen if radioactive fas or liquid got out of control Pike added however that there would be little danger to persons not actually at the scene because cf the remoteness of the nuclear reactor plant and the safeguards planned for its operation He said that operators at the Idaho plant would be working with the most powerful reactor yet built dealing with high tempera tures and other factors which havent been encountered before Unknown Field They would he said be in un known territory of nuclear fission experiments Pikes general discussion of the Idaho plant followed the line of a formal statement issued by the atomic commission last month in which it was noted that possible danger might result from a seri ous accident to the reactor Tn its statement the commission It is not possible for a reactor to create a bomblike explosion Bare Accident The rare type of accident which might cause hazard would be in nature of major damage resulting from sabotage or the very remote possibility of simultaneous failure cf the many safeguards and con trol mechanisms However there has been no such failure since the first reactor was built in 1942 and the safety record at AEG instal lations has excelled all other in dustries The commission revealed that special studies were made of the possibilities of earthquakes and thatthe structures at the Idaho plant would be built to withstand them That study was made before this weeks earthquake in the northwest Soap Concerns Pare Prices CHICAGO April 15 eral big soap companies cut prices Friday and new price drops were announced on some makes of au tomobiles Proctor and Gamble Co at Cin cinnati cut the wholesale price of its major household soap products by 4 to It was P and Gs fifth cut in a little more than a year Lever Bros Co of Cambridge Mass and the Kendall Manufac turing Co of Lawrence also cut soap prices The Lever slash also its fifth amounted to about 6 on major products at wholesale Kendall said its reductions would amount to about 2c a box on the retail price of its granulated soap products The British Austin Motor Co Ltd announced decreases of to on all models for sale in America The price of a twodoor eedan was reduced to In New York the Department of Agriculture said that wholesale dressed lamb prices had skidded as much as to per cwt this week The decline was attributed to lack of demand in the face of high retail prices MONTANA PROTEST Idaho Charts Rebuttal On Atom Site WASHINGTON April 15 Idalioans will get a chance next week to tel the joint congres sional atomic energy committee why they think it acted wisely in selecting their state for the new atomic reactor test ing station The atomic energy commission picked the Idaho site but peo ple from Montana are protest ing that there is a better site for the station in the Fort PeckGlas gow area of their state Get Their Say The matter of selecting a site for the multimillion dollar sta tion was argued before the joint committee Thursday with repre sentatives of Montana and the A E C giving their sides Sen Brien McMahon D chairman of the committee said another hearing will be held next week At that time officials of Idaho will be invited to state their case McMahon indicated he would also call as witnesses engineers of the Detroit firm of Smith Hinch man and Grylls Inc which was hired by the AE C to find the best location for the reactor station Smith Hinchman and Grylls picked a site at Arco northwest of Pocatello Idaho The committee learned these things as it inquired into the se lection of the site Top of List Until the middle of October last year Fort Peck was at the top of the list as a choice for the project Then on Nov 1 the atomic en ergy commission approved a pro posed testingprogram The plans for the new station called for less er supplies of water and electric power than had been anticipated during the summer Carleton Shrugg told the com mittee it was first thought the new station would have water and power requirements comparable to the atomic energy plutonium works at Hanford Wash Under the approved program the requirements would be only a fraction of those at Hanford Shugg explained Because of these changes he said the A E C employed the Detroit engineering firm to make a new survey of pos sible sites for the reactor station Submitted Report Early this year the company submitted a report favoring the Arco location The recommendation was adopt ed by A E C and negotiations were started for the transfer of the navy proving ground there to the atomic agency The engineering firm estimated the project could be constructed in Idaho at a cost of less than could be done in Mon tana Witnesses from Montana denied this Sen Bourke B Hickenlooper R showed particular in terest over the yearend switch in favor from Fort Peck to Arco I think it is only fair that we examine into this to find out why an engineering firm was employed in November and a decision made to take the Arco site re said I am concerned with the speed that put reverse English on what I though was a firm decision MUST ABOUT THE LAST Crowes Wife Finds Wadded Up in Dress Box NEW YORK April 15 wife of exbanker Richard Crowe opened a dress box on a closet shelf of their home Friday and turned up a wad of and bills The FBI said it was just about the last of the money taken by Crowe in an embezzle ment The money stuffed carelessly in the box totaled the FBI aaid Only is not yet account ed for in the March 27 looting of bonds and cash from a National City bank branch here Mrs Crowe through her law yer informed the FBI she had found the money The dress box was mixed with Mvertl on nhtlf of a linen closet in the Crowes 11room Staten Island home The box was not tied or wrapped in any way The rest of the missing money had come back the hard way FBI agents have dug for it in the rain crawled through attic dust to find it and painstakingly traced other sums through the mail Crowe 41 is in jail under S100 000 bond He faces four federal embezzlement indictments which upon conviction could put him in prison for 45 years He was ar rested in Davtona Beach Fla on April 4 Pretrail mental tests have been ordered for Crowe who made a year as assistant manager of the National City bank on Broadway in Manhattan Truman to Push Battle For Health Program Hes Second in History to Make It Robert Xiles 22 Oakland Cal stunt man is shown as lie leaped from the Golden Gate bridge left and as he appeared in the water right after the successful plunge It was files second attempt to jump from the bridge He escaped injury to become second in history to live Heroism Pays OH As Kalhy Fund Swells to SAN MARINO Cal April 15 is beginning to pay dividends for the men who risked their lives to bring little Kathy Fiscus from an abandoned well Clark Bell chairman of the rescue fund said Friday approxi mately has been contrib uted so far that 3300 letters have been received and they are still coming Bell said his committee has not yet determined who will share in the fund or whether it will be prorated to individuals on the basis of their contributions We intend to talk with many of those who were on the scene before we decide on the disburse ment he declared ExParatrooper Survives Leap From Bay Bridge Fliers Expect To Stay Up 10 Days More FULLERTON Cal April 15 new endurance flying champions Dick Riedel and Bill Barris of Fullerton were almost threequarters through their goal of 1000 hours as their little plane droned betwaen Fullerton and Santa Ana tonight They cracked the 10year record vf Wes Carroll and Clyde Schlie per at p m Pacific standard time Thursday when they were still up 727 hours Carroll and Schlieper flew 726 hours in 1939 Barris and Riedel said that breaking the record had given them new energy and they were confident they could stay up for at least 10 days more which would put them beyond 1000 hours Tip to the Plane Its up to the plane we can stand it said Riedel And the motor sounds mighty sweet right now added Barris Weve been on a strict diet since we took off in the Sunkist Lady 30 days ago said Har ris by radiophone We cant get much exercise you know ajid our problem is in combatting pilot fatigue We get absolutely no sugar Because of our inability to work off excess energy that sugar would supply we eliminated it from our iict Sleep Regularly We sleep well and regularly We tore out the copilots scat of course and added an extra fuel tank at the rear Where the co pilots seat was and extending backward is a sixfoot three inch rubber mattress where we take turns sleeping Our sleep stretches are sufficient to give us complete relief despite the humming of the motor It doesnt bother us much were used to it We get a sponge bath every other day And right here you can quote Dick and I as saying that there is no substitute for a relaxing tub bath We shave every other day We change our clothes three time a week Everything is going along fine but our quarters are mighty cramped of course and it is going to seem mighty nice to stretch out on the ground again SAN FRANCISCO April 15 L Niles 22year old exarmy paratrooper lived up to his boast Friday and parachuted successfully from Golden Gate bridge 230 ft into the swirling waters of the bay Niles escaped unharmed and be came the second person in history to have survived a leap from the famed suicide span which has claimed 112 victims since it was opened in 1937 The bearded lanky paratrooper tried last March to leap from the lofty span in his Eaglemans suit a canvas batlike affair cov ered with birds feathers That time however highway patrolmen and bridge attendants stopped riim Jumps From Auto But Friday there was no stopping Niles He jumped from an auto near the center of the span tied a rope to the top railing and let himself down over the side so he would clear the underside of the bridge and let go He said later after he was fished from the icy waters of the jay he fell about 12 seconds be fore he jerked the ripcord of his armytype parachute Niles was rescued by a cabin cruiser which apparently had been waiting beneath the bridge for him to leap A coast guard cutter then intercepted the boat and took Niles to Fort Point coast guard rescue station Greeted By Policemen There he was greeted by a dele gation of policemen who arrested he stunt man on a charge of dis turbing the peace and obstructing traffic on thebridge Only other person known to have leaped from the bridge and lived was Cornelia Van Ireland a pretty 22yearold who jumped in 1941 She suffered a broken back aroken arms and numerous other Stalin Looks Well Will Live Long Smith Discloses NEW YORK April 15 Gen Walter Bedell Smith said Friday night he did not think Russian Premier Joseph Stalin is a sick man Smith said he be lieves Stalin will live for a long time The former U S ambassador to Moscow was questioned about Stalins health during a radio interview I dont think Stalin is a very sick man he said He is rugged He looks well Georgians are notoriously longlived Smith who during the war was top aide to Gen Dwight D Eisenhower supreme allied com mander scouted predictions that Russia could take over the Euro pean continent in two or three weeks The Russian army is a magnificent organization he said but the difficulties of supplying it in a long and rapid advance are enormous erious injuries and was hospital zed for months Niles was wearing bathing runks and sockswhen lie climbed iff the coast guard cutter at Fort oint He laughed and joked with jorters camermen and police When asked if he was going to do any more bridge jumping Niles replied Im through jumping off jridges For his jump Niles wore regula tion paratrooper jump suit which he shed after he hit the water The stunt man said he escapee with no injuries except a slight burn on his hand suffered when he slid hastily doWn the rope just be fore his leap General Clays Writ Frees Mrs Ybarbo FRANKFURT Germany April 5 AP Mrs Wilma Ybarbo 23 serving a five year prison sentence for slaying her soldier husband Sept 21 was ordered reed Friday Gen Lucius D Clay command of United States forces in Germany said the remorse of tier conscience will prove punish ment enough Clay added he could not sep arate Mrs Ybarbo from her six yearold son because ihe is not a vicious person Dazed by Amnesty First sentenced to 20 years in riaon Mrs Ybarbos term was to five years by an army review board March 14 The board decided she killed Sgt John Ybarbo of Goliad Tex only after a long aJid intolerable course of cruelty and ill treat ment by the soldier husband News of Gen Clays amnesty was telephoned to her in the pris on hospital at Fritzlar where she ias been confined since Deccm jer She wag dazed but happy I am going right to my room and thank God she said Now I can really celebrate Easter Orders Quick Return Clay ordered her returned to the U S as soon as possible Mrs Ybarbo said she would lik to go by boat She will joinher mother Mrs Charles Bailey New Bedford Mass where her eon Jimmy is in a nursery school I just do hope that its ove and official and that Ill get home with Jinimy right away she con tinued But I cant make any plans here Ill have to look afte the baby and see how publi opinion is there I cant have the baby ther if everyone sayg thats his mother shot his father Jimmy was never told of th shoot He was flown to th U S before she was convictc and after spending Christmas ev with his mother in her barred hos pltal room AID USELESS On China Draws Blast WASHINGTON April 15 UP Styles Bridges R N harply criticized Secy of State G Acheson Friday for say ig that further United States mili ary aid to nationalist China would o more harm than good He demanded that the senate oreign relations committee con uct a full dress investigation of ichesons assertions that the pre ent nationalist government is un t to halt Communist advances or estore economic stability in China ven with largescale American id A Damaging Act Bridges said Achesons stand as a thoughtless tactless un riendly and damaging act gainst the Chinese and that the ecretary of state could hardly arm the free Chinese more if he vere to dispatch American divi ions to fight with the Chinese Communists Achesons views were expressed n a letter to Chairman Tom Con ally D of the foreign re ations committee The letter was vritten March 15 and was held in onfidence by the committee until a copy was given out by Sen Theodore Green D R Connally refused to comment on elcase of the letter It was an ounced however that the comit ee recently decided it should not e made public because it might veaken the Nationalists hands in leace negotiations with the Com munists Hides With Acheson Sen J William Fulbright D Ark sided with Acheson saying Im not disposed to sending money over there Any relief we send will be to relieve the Communists he told a But Sen William F Knowland R Cal said that as long as this country has a do nothing policy there isdanger of all Asia includ ng India falling under Commu nist domination Knowland said the senate wil not permit the State department this situation under the carpet and forget about it He asserted the department has an ob igation to decide on a China aid rogram and submit it to con ress Achesons letter is not the final answer to Chinas plight the Cal fornian said Expressed Opposition Acheson wrote the letter to ex press state department opposition o a proposal by Sen Pat McCar an D to give the Na ionalists in new U S military and economic aid The secretary said any such ven ure would almost surely be ca astrophic To furnish solely military ma erial and advice would only pro ong hostilities and the suffering f the Chinese people and would arouse in them deep resentment against the United States he aid He added that the Chinese eople are thoroughly sick of civil var and have displayed an over vhelming desirefor peace at any irice Incapable of Aid Acheson made it plain he con iders the present Nationalist re gime incapable of making effective ise of either military or economic lid As for economic aid he said past U S efforts to help China fight nflation and improve conditions lave failed Green Visits Chief Predicts Initial Action Next Week WASHINGTON April 15 Harry S Truman to planning to battle for his national health program labor leader William Green said after a White House visit Friday Green predicted that Mr Truman will lay the compulsory insurance plan before congress next week and also may take to the radio to tell the people about it Green president of the APIi vas one of a group which called on the president to submit a report declaring that organized medicine las chokeci the development of comprehensive health insurance plans The report was presented by Committee on the Nations Health leaded by Dr Channing Frothing ham past president of the Mas sachusetts State Medical society James B Carey secretarytreas urer of the CIO and Harvey Brown president of the Interna ional Association of Machinists accompanied Prothingham and Green to the White House Details Awaited The president has signaled plain ly in advance that he wants com pulsory medical and hospital taV surance financed in all probability by a pay roll tax Details of his program however were awaited with interest In his state of the union mes sage last January 20 Mr Truman said no effort must bs spared to raise the general level of health in the United States In a nation as rich as ours he said it is a shocking fact that tens of millions lack adequate med ical care We are short of doctors hospitals and nurses We must remedy these shortages Moreover we need and we must have without further delay a tern of prepaid medical insurance which will enable every American to afford good medical care Two Alternate The American Medical Assn has been battling com pulsory health insurance contend ing it means socialized medicine Two alternate health measures stressing grants in aid to the states but minus the compulsory insurance feature have been Intro duced in congress One of them introduced inthe senate Thursday by Sens Robert A Taft Alexander Smith R N J and Forrest C Donnell R calls for the spending of over in federal money during the next five years to help the states de velop health programs Carey of the CIO described that bill Friday as sponsored by the A MA AFLs Green called it a subterfuge and pledged that we will oppose it with all the power at our command Lobby He called AM A the villain in opposition to the administra tions health plan Carey declared AM A maintains a lobby in Washington financed in part by a assessment on its doctor members The report which Frothlngham submitted to the president hit out at what it called organized medi cines monopoly controls The report said the practices of A MAs state and local societies are depriving American families of better and more comprehensive medical insurance plans at rea sonable cost The medical societies1 the re port went on have choked the development of medicalInsurance offering comprehensive health servicein favor of plans offering only very limited services The senate labor committee plans to begin hearings on the various health bills about three weeks after the administration bill is introduced Vlosta Vraz Directed dis tribution of million in aid US Demands Czechs Free Relief Worker PRAGUE CZECHOSLOVA KIA April 15 United States embassy demanded Friday that Czechoslovak authorities quickly release Miss Vlasta Vraz American relief worker who has spent a week in jail Thus far there has been no re ply from the Czechoslovak foreign office to the embassys note Foreign office attaches said there is no comment Miss Vraz of Berwyn HI is head of the Prague office of American Relief for Czechoslo vakia Under the auspices of that or ganization she has distributed about 4000000 worth of food medicine and clothing in Czecho slovakia since 1945 Police arrested her at her of fice last Saturday but told her she would be released later that day after questioning The Ameri can embassy was not notified by the Czechoslovak government but learned of her arrest from other sources After being held incommunicado for three days Miss Vraz finally was allowed to see a United States consul She told the consul she thought she was being detained for an in vestigation of the political activi ties of others In addition to demanding her early release the embassy also asked to be advised without delay of the facts and circumstances surrounding the case including specific charges if any against Miss Vraz Inquiry also was made as to whether she could ob tain a lawyer of her own choice It was understood at the em bassy that Rep Adolph J Sabath D HI has sent a letter to Pres Klemeht Gottwald asking for her release Further action is con templated in both the U S state department and congress 50TON TEST HOP Transport Flies Record Load FORT WORTH Tex April 15 vairs giant XC99 transport largest plane in the took off from Carswell air base at pm Friday with a 100000lb weight heaviest ever lifted by a plane Company officials stressed that the flight was in no manner a stunt but was a part of the regular flight testing program required by the air force before it accepts the huge craft for purchase B A Erickson Convairs chief test pilot was at the controls with F Keen as co pilot He remained aloft several hours with various technicians aboard to make detailed reports Designed to carry 400 men fully armed or 300 litter patients with their attendants the 99 was brought here from San Diego in February for minor modifications incorporat ing improvements effected in its combat twin the B36 largest bomber in the world Fridays flight the big planes 10th If and its payload was described as equivalent to the weight of 400 men with combat equip ment Identical in its 230foot wingspread with both the B36 and the British commercial plane now being readied at Bristol England for its maiden flight next month the XC99 has a doubledecked fuselage 182 feet in the 163foot length of the B36 and the 177foot length of the Brabazon Recently the experimental XC99 wae equipped with eight 6inch wheels on ita rollerskate type landing gear like those installed on the B36 Company officials explained that the plane designed for a 265000lb gross weight wil taken up with the 100000lb load to demon strate its structural integrity Its six pushertype PrattWhitney engines develop 3000 horsepower each and iU futl tanks have a capacity of 21116
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