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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 9, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am PM Network Station KALL CMondty Throuih Friday WEATHER Partly cloudy Saturday with afternoon Details 17 VOL 158 NO 177 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SATURDAY MORNING APRIL 9 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Labor Loses REDTIDEDAM 15Year London Grip Conservatives Gain Comeback After Austerity Decree LONDON April 9 Winston Churchills Conserva tive party riding the crest of a comeback 48 hours after the government decreed another austerity budget broke Labors 15year grip on Londons coun ty council Friday The Conservatives also showed increasing gains in county council elections throughout the country These municipal elections occur three years ShareCouncil Power Conservatives and Laborites each won 64 seats in the 129seat London council Britains most powerful governing body next to parliament The crucial vote in this for London unprecedented political lineup is in the hands of a 73yearold Liberal Sir Percy Harris Sir Percy often has voted with the Tories in parliament and Lib eral policy in the recent past has been closer to Conservative than to Labor The election did not effect par liament but observers agreed that with a general election coming up in 1950 it was an important test of political temper Stops Communists Both the Communists and Sir Oswald Mosleys Fascists move ments were shut out The 1946 distribution in the London council had been Labor 90 Tories 30 Liberals two and Communists two Five seats have been added since then The council rules 28 boroughs from swank Mayfair and the city financial district to the bomb scarred East End and Cockney Lambeth Balloting here Thurs day and throughout England Wales this week was for bodies iunilar to city and town councils in the United States Popular discontent at the new 1949 austerity budget was gener ally believed to have caused the Labor setback The budget shat tered the little mans hope for tax relief and lower prices and even brought protests from trade unions Within the Labor party Won In Conservatives also won 63 seats In Middlesex county directly out iiide London to 23 for the Social ists Previously Labor had held 42 seats against 38 for the Con servatives and others Both Berkshire and Bucking hamshire returned a majority of independents but the Tories took 17 seats from Labor in Berkshire Conservative headquarters Eight West Nations Seek U S Arms WASHINGTON April 8 free western European nations Friday formally asked the United States for arms to defertH themselves against aggression and were assured their request will be laid before congress promptly It was a youhelpus and we11helpyou request under the principles of the newly signed North Atlantic security alliance They said the arms aid is necessary for the effective defense of western Europe and the peace of the world Secy of State Dean G Acheson disclosed the exchange of Laborite Belittles Idea ABomb Holds Russ at Bay LOS ANGELES April 8 The British labor partys Har old J Laski asserted Friday thai Winston Churchills statement that Americas atom bombs alone had kept Russia from overrunning Europe is ridicu lous I have talked several times and at great length with Mar shal Stalin said Laski who is professor of political science at the University of London I can assure you that he wants to be known as the man who won the greatest war in Russian history and then kept the peace Laski told interviewers he be lieves the Atlantic pact is not aggressive in the vital sense that the peoples of the nations involved would not permit an aggressive war but we should convince Russia that this is so claimed that country wide results to date showed they had won 131 seats and lost 14 while Labor had won 50 and lost 154 Li Of f ers Life To Red Chief NANKING China April 8 UP Pres Li Tsungjen in a dramatic move to save the crum bling peace negotiations offered his life to Communist leader Mao Tzetung Friday as atonement for past government mistakes Li quoted an ancient Chinese proverb that he was willing to be boiled in oil or dismembered if that would end the 22yearold civil war that has prostrated China and threatens to sweep across the Yangtze river to the provinces Lis desperate move came as the Communists reportedly brought up artillery to shell Nanking from across the Yangtze and as they captured Yicheng an important river crossing point 25 miles to the east in a move to back up their surrenderbyTuesday de mands Banker Faces Four Counts By US Jury NEW YORK April 8 bank official Richard Crowe charged with embezzling of his banks money and bonds Friday drew indictments tha could send him to prison for 4 yeari Four indictments under three different federal laws also coul make Crowe liable for in fines The 41yearold former assistani manager of a branch of the Na tional City bank was indicted by a federal grand jury just two days after the FBI brought him back from Florida Charges Involved He is accused of the federal reserve national bank rob bery and national stolen property acts The charges involve entering a bank with intent to commit crime embezzlement by a nationa bank officer mailing stolen money from New York to Chicago and taking stolen money from here to Florida The money Crowe allegedly mailed to a friend in Chicago was part of some he is said to have sent out in payments of debts Bonds worth were found in the attic of his home Thursday and about in cash had been found earlier at hjs parents Staten island home When he was arrested in Daytona Beach he had more than in cash Some is not accounted for Presented Case Chief Asst U S Atty Irving H Saypol and Ian Maclellan a special agent of the FBI present ed the case to the grand jury Mrs Honora Crowe the ex southern bankers wife and his parents Mr and Mrs William Crowe have vis ited him in jail His wife expressed wifely concern for him though she said he looked fine physically His mother a whitehaired ma tron greeted him with Hello my son Did you enjoy your vaca tion Her big son smiled mother he replied Hello Malmedy Massacre Review Eases Germans Penalties FRANKFURT Germany April 8 six of the 43 Germans sentenced to death in 1946 for the Maimedy massacre will actually go to the gallows Gen Lucius D Clay completed Friday the last of his numerous reviews of the disputed mass trial in which 73 S Guard troops were convicted by a U S war crimes court The American military gover nor confirmed the death sentence of S S Col Joachim Peiper who gavethe order which led to the shooting of about 750 American prisoners and 150 Belgian civil ians at Malmedy during the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944 He commuted the death sen tence of S S Capt Georg Preuiis to life imprisonment on the possi bility that the evidence convict ing him might have been obtained ty dUNM This left the final count at six under death sentence 20 serving life terms 34 serving shorter prison terms and 13 convictions quashed U S army agents questioned thousands of Germans after the war to establish the identity of the S S men who shot prisoners so they would not be encumbered in their bid for a breakthrough Pei per was the commander of an tr mored regiment in that brief counteroffensive The trial was held in the former Nazi concentration camp at Dachau The court acquitted oniy one of the original 74 defendants Army reviewing authorities how ever quashed 13 convictions on the ground of insufficient evi dence All but a dozen of the death sentences also were reduced by routing army review notes The five Brussels pact France Bel gium the Netherlands and Luxem lumped their requests to gether Norway Denmark and Italy made another joint request made public Friday Map on page 3 shows location of countries seek ing The remaining three pact na Portugal and Ice will make sim ilar requests later Acheson said he could not make an informed guess on the prob able cost of the program until it is reduced to the exact number of planes tanks and guns each na tion wants But he said the figure will be sent to congress as soon as it is available Cost Principal Concern Cost has been the principal con cern of the congressmen and sen ators who finally must approve the arms program It has been estimated unofficial ly that it may run upward of 800000000 the first year and some legislators fear it would throw the economy out of gear to pile that figure atop present de fense and foreign aid spending Whatever the cost of heading off possible aggression the eight western European nations pleaded they could not meet it out of their own wardepleted resources with out risking their own economic recovery Each promised however to fol low the principle of reciprocal assistance set forth in the north Atlantic and to help them selves and each other as much as they can Would Help Selves That promise would have spe cial significance in the case of Norway which has a common frontier with Russia on the far north and Greenland which is a a Danish possession where the United States established bases in the recent war The five Brussels pact powers noted they already had made ar rangements for joint defense of western Europe But to be ef ective they said those plans must le backed with U S arms They said they will provide the state department with a detailed statement of their needs regarding Ianes tanks guns and other mili ary supplies for the year 1949 950 as soon as possible 58 Billion European Aid Bill Gets Senates Okeh 70 to 7 h Witness Writ Ending Three Years Wrangling Secy of State Dean G Acheson center confers with EC A chief Paul G Hoffman left and Kenneth Koyall secretary of army at thestate department Friday after Hoffman and Royall had witnessedsignatures on agreement for unified control of Germany The pact was concluded by Acheson British Foreign Secy Ernest Bevin and French Foreign Ambassador Robert Schnmsn Big Three Envoys Agree on Plan rfi Q IT T lo set Up yerinany Republic J J Tags MIT Savant Reds Leader NEW YORK April 8 A voluntary worker for the FBI u the Communist party Friday amed a Massachusetts Institute f Technology professor as a dis ussion leader in a party profes ional group However the professor Dirk J itruik declared at Cambridge I m not a Communist but a Marxist in the broadest sense The witness Herbert A Phil rick 33yearold advertising man aid Struik attended meetings of he professional group in the Bos on area and summed up its tudies of Lenins state and revo ution Conspiracy Trial Witness He was testifying at the federal ourt conspiracy trial of 11 lead rs of the American Communist arty They are accused of con Jiring to advocate violent over irow of the U S government Phiibrick said the professional group was taught it was essential o overturn the U S government y force and set up a dictatorship the workers Struik asserted he ad never advocated overthrow of le government The advertisingman who lives t Melrose Mass also told the ury about clandestine contracts th government agents to tip lem off to party moves and the eb of precautions spun to hide his ile from party officials and mem ers FBI Pays Expense He said the FBI paid all his xpenses including his party nd rental charges on a dictating nachine used for his reports But e asserted he received no pay nd did his undercover job volun rily Details about Phllbricks FBI onections came oul on crossex mination He named Struik as a arty figure before finishing his reel testimony for the govern ent The MIT professor a mathe atician saia Phiibrick put words my mouth I never said and sserted never at any time nor Page I Column i WASHINGTON April 8 UP United States Britain am France Friday announced fina agreement under which western Germany will be set up as a fed eral republic with Big Three mili tary control replaced by less rigid civilian supervision The accord was announced Secy of State Dean G Acheson British Foreign Minister Ernes Bevin and French Foreign Min ister Robert Schuman after three years of international wrangling East West Division It stakes out a complete anc perhaps final split between east ern and western Germany and is certain to draw Russian fire as a violation of the Potsdam agree ment The plan is outlined in an occu pation statute which was ordered transmitted at onceto the German parliamentary council which is trying to draft a western German constitution at Bonn Along with the agreement Bevin sent a warning to the Ger mans who have been bickering over Germanys future He said the Big Three are now ready for further steps to help the German people create a real democrats Germany with which Europe and the rest of the world can live m confidence and peace It Germans Wise If the Germans are wise they will because they have on their the fact that they twice added brought war he Thestatute which goes into ef fect upon the establishment of the German federal republic ends the allied military government as such but the jnilitary commanders still would head their occupation troops In its place civilianhigh com Mauna Loa Again Blows Its Top On Hawaii Island HONOLULU April Mauna Loa began erupting again Friday almost three months after the ancient volca no blew its top in its most spec tacular display of pyrotechnics in three decades A display of lava floes and lava bomb explosions were re ported but in the huge crater on the island of Hawaii where last Jan 6 a 15rriilelong stream of molten rock threat ened coastal villages The January eruption com pletely ceased Feb 7 after hun dreds were evacuated from the path of the Lava The cone Friday was spewing forth two streams of Lava eachabout a mile and a quarter long In the direction of the islandsmaincity Hilo 40 miiet to the south missiohers willbe chosen to heac the occupation establishments ol each of the three nations The three commissioners acting together would constitute an al lied high commission which woulc be the supreme allied agency of control In western Germany The new German government would be given full legislative ex ecutive and judiciary powers ex cept that the high commissioners would keep a veto power over its laws and directives The com Unionist Ends Cab Strike Assails Mayor NEW YORK April 8 weekold strike of taxi drivers was called off Friday by union of icial who angrily assailed Mayor William ODwyer He called ODwyer the numberone double crossing strikebreaking mayor of all time When the official end of the strike was announced police esti mated 90 of the citys ll000odd cabs already were back on the streets The number had increased daily Walter Brock union regional di rector who ordered thewalkout ended said the strike to seek union recognition and pay increases had roved the drivers have a union To Force Recognition The operators in due timewill e forced to recognize the organ zation he said Brock said the unionwould go 0 the state labor relations board enter a complaint ofunfair labor radices and tell the story of one of the most sordid episodes of labor oppression in the United States There was noimmediate com ment from the mayor who at the outset of the strike had ordered 1 special detail df 3000 police 0 guard taxis continuing to oper ate Mr Brock neednt have ordered he men back George Mclntyre for jwners of three major fleets They were already at work An Outside Effort The strike should never have been called The union never had ny membership This waspurely ah outside effort Brock was asked if the union ntended to ask the state labor oard for a representation elec ibh among the drivers He re ilied 1 cannot answer that question now but it is polsible The taxi owners had sought such in election before the strike but ater said they would not favor because the strike brok n mission also willkeep the right to take direct action iii certain lirii itedfields not described in the state department communique However these fields will be limited it said and aside from security matters the exercise of direct powers by the allies is re garded in many instances as self liquidating in nature The Big Three also agreed on the touchy issue ofreparations plant dismantling in western Ger many the question of prohibited and restricted industries and establishment of an international Ruhr authority Ruhr Was Obstacle No details were given on any of these points But the agree ment of an internationalized Ruhr is evidently aimed at stilling French fears ofa revived German military state backed by the vast industrial powersof the Ruhr fac tories That had been a major obstacle to theaccord Schumantold apress confer ence the agreement requires unani mous decisions on any move to modify the German constitution and on matters affecting German demilitarization reparations se curity or allied occupation forces Decisions affecting the Ruhr also must be unanimous On otlier questions the three high may act by majority An butvoted com missioner would have the right to appealto hisgovernment how ever and the matter would be held up until the three governments themselves reached accord The three foreign affairs min isters held their final meeting Fri day morning They said one of their main aims is to encourage the closest integration of the German people under a democratic federal state Truman Forces Beat Back All GOP Amendments WASHINGTON April 8 new program to spur European recovery over the next 15 months was approved by the senate Friday The vote was 70 to 7 In an eleventh hour burst of speed the senate wound up 13 days of debate to clear the measure without a single major change from the legislation requested by Pres Harry S Truman The bill now go to the house where a similar measure hai already been approved by the house foreign affairs committee Later the actual money to tide the 16 Marshall plan nations over until June 30 1950 will have to be considered by the appropria tions committees both chambers and voted by Authorization Measure The measure the senate passed Friday is an authorization bill setting a limit on the fund but not actually appropriating the money House administration leaders immediately called the house into an unusual Saturday session at noon to speed that chambers ac tion on the authorization The administrations overwhelm ing victory in the final vote for passage in the senate surpassed even the most optimistic fore casts of Democratic leaders Only one Democrat Senator E lender of Louisiana voted against it Six Republicans also voted no They were Senators Butler Capehart Jenner kem Langer ND and Wherry FOCB Beaten Off Administration forces success fully beat off every attempt to make a major change in the bill starting with thumping defeats of Republicanled efforts to slash as much as off thfr measure As passed not a cent whittled off the by President However economy minded1 seiia bri have made it clear they will seek new cuts when the actual money bill comes up Driving at the fastest clip they lave set since the debate opened March 23 the lawmakers cleared away 10 amendments in five hours 0 reach the final vote They had een warned by administration ieutenants that the senate would e kept insession all night until the vote was taken GOP Cries Steamroller In the 12 previous days punc uated by bitter wrangling and Republican cries that the admin stration was trying to steam roller the bill through the cham er the senate had acted on only 6 amendments Altogether nine amendments were accepted allwith iie consent of Democratic The others were all rejected Before passage the aenate threw out anamendment which would have banned the use of Americanaid dollars for national isation of Europes It refused todeny ions which may dismantle Ger manys industries The vote on 68 to Defeat Coercion The senate also rejected 67 to 5 an amendment by SehJ Wil am Fulbright D Ark which ailed for encouraging the polit aP uniticatioh of Europe Sen Tom Connally D Tex ppnsed it declaring We are against undertakingto oerce As floor managerof the bill Connally suffered his first and nly setback when the chamber oted 59 to 22 to accept a pro osalby Sen Pat McCarran D This would require Mar See Page it Column 8 ROLL CALL Senate Vote On Aid BUI WASHINGTON April 8 This is how senators from four intermpuhtain states voted Friday as the upper chamber passed the European aid bill For the Watkins and Thomas of Utah Hunt and OMa honey of Idaho Miller of Idaho and McCarren of Nevada All but Watkins are Democrats Malone Nevada Republican and Taylor Idaho Democrat were paired against the bill On an amendment by Seri Kem R p which would havepre vented use of aid funds by Euro pean nations for nationalization of their industries For the Watkins and Malone Against the amendment Thomas Taylor Miller Hunt and PMahpney Truman Asks lMillipii WASHINGTON April 8 Pres Harry S Truman Friday en dorsed a pledge by Democratic party leaders for a war chest for the 1950 congressional election campaign Mr Truman told party fund raisers that election must be won the goal was set Sen J Howard McGrath D R chairman of the Democratic national committee In a speech to the executive committee which conducts the fundraising Jeffer sonJackson dinners for the Dem ocratic party McGrath said the party is reach ing the point where it will be on a payasyougo basis and he hoped to have in the treasury next January to meet the foe in the elections of 1950 Mr Truman thanked the fund raisers for giving the party the sinews of war and said I am exceedingly happy that you have been able to arrange a situation which will give the party a financial background with which o wm in 1950 because that elec tion must be won It is important We have a program which we expect to put over That program s progressing successfully and satisfactorily and afterthe next session of congress we can go to the country and say what we have done and we hope to do and what we we elect the corigress in 1950 Hoover Given Award NEW YORK April 8 For mer Pres Herbert Hoover Friday night received the first John OHara Cosgrave gold medal award for outstanding con tribution to the American way of ife during 1918 100 FEET UNDERGROUND 1 Lrews Uig lor 1 rapped Uiild SAN MARINO Cal April 8 squads dug desper ately tonight toreach three and a half year old Kathy Fiscus trapped underground some where along the length of a 120 foot vertical pipe Four hours after the child slipped into the pipe at play police and fire department workers reported they were down nearly 40 feet They be lieved from the childs feeble cries earlier that she was down about the 90 or 100 foot mark The pipe is only 14 inches in diameter Steam shovels bulldozers and posthole diggers were being used A call was issued for a midget to climb downinto the metalcasing pipe but the idea was discarded police said A fire department squad pumped air into the hoping to keep it clear for the childto breathe A rope was lowered down the pipe and for awhile officers said they feltsome pressure at the other end They heard a scream then all was quiet Advice was shouted down to the child Could she tie arope around her waist No reply Kathys parents Mr and Mrs David H Fiscus were among hundreds watching the rescue attempts The girl fell into the pipe about 5 pm 1 Authorities discarded the idea of lowering a midget or a circus thin man down the pipe because they feared cutting of f the oxygen supply to thegirl Then too there was the danger of a second person being trapped in the narrow i Digging the pipe out in sec or whole appeartd to bt the solution police were taking But it was conceded that it would take hours to dig straight down 100 or more feet Kathy was playing in a va cant lot near her home with her older sister Barbara1 nine and a cousin Gus 1yon five They were footracing from one end of the lot to the other Kathy couldnt keep When the two olderchildren looked back they couldnt wet little Kathy They started look ing for her and GUI heard her crying as within inchMt of the hole The children ran to the Fisctu home and told Mrs Ftscus r The frantic mother told lice she touted down shouted I t lean you heaf me The reply came fktatlr
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