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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 8, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm liitermountain Network Station KALL Monday Tliroiifh Friday f Sfibtnw S WEATHER Cloudy with showers Friday cooler Details on Page 4C VOL 157 NO 176 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING APRIL S 1919 PRICE FIVE CENTS Bold Farm Plan Aims at Prices Sweeping New Program Would Remove Commodity Floors WASHINGTON April 7 sweeping new farm pro pram which would remove tho price floors from under many foods create a new system of subsidies to producers and subject farms to drastic controls was proposed Thursday by the Tru man administration If approved by congress it would be the raost farreaching of agricultural legisla tion since the early new deal days Il would let prices of milk egirs vegetables and other vital perish able food crops drop as far and CRUCIAL RACE Labor Leads London Vote To prevent losses to the farmer on such products it would grant direct subsidies from the federal treasury to be financed eventually LONDON Friday April S UP out of taxes party candidates led in partial returns from Thursdays out of taxes f ft Thiivsnav s Ad to farmers would take a Emda different form for storable crops ci uudi uuuuuji vu j ikp erain and cotton Their nrices London county council eiec but results thus far indi ram and cotton Ther prices the Conservatives would would be kept up through loans whittle down the governments and purchases toJakejhe aur bi 1946 majority on the council Tabulations up to 2 am gave now the Labor party 38 seats the Con the Labor partv iio seais me servatives 24 and the Liberal party Brannan took the plan before a joint meeting of the house and are 129 seats at stake in senate agriculture committees He the council which the Labor party proposed to Back it up with has controlled for the last 15 years Londoners flocked to the polls throughout the day to vote in the election which both sides regarded as a preliminary test tor the gen eral elections next year Voting was reported to be much heavier than in the 1946 elections when 90 Laborites 30 Conserva tives two Liberals and two Com munists were returned to the council This year there are five more seats at stake due to a re distribution constituencies The council is similar to a city council in the United States Conservatives were counting on adverse reaction to the Socialists tough new budget presented by Sir Stafford Cripps Thursday to help them in their cause Envoys Spend Social Visit With Triiman WASHINGTON April 7 UP British Foreign Secy Ernest Bevin and French Foreign Min ister Robert Schuman bade Pres Harry S Truman a formal good by Thursday night after report ing good progress in their dis cussions with Secy of State Dean G Acheson on setting up a sepa rate state in western Germany Bevin and Schuman spent 55 with Mr Truman at Blair house in what White House sources snid was mostly a social visit They did however fill in the president on their attempts with Acheson to establish the German regime by late summer Leave Capital Today Both are scheduled to leave the capital Friday Bevin to return to London and Schuman for New York where he will head the French delegation to the United Nations assembly meeting After the talk with the presi dent they resumed their discus sions with Acheson and planned a cleanup session at 9 am EST Friday While there was a strict black out on the talks Acheson was said to believe that recent events make absolutely necessary an early decision among the big three on the fate of western Germany Accord in Principle Schuman said the big powers reached important accords in principle at Thursdays first meet ing He said texts are being drafted on what was decided The main hitch in the plans to set up a federalized western German state was said to be dis agreement over control of the dollars which will finance the merged Anglo American and French occupation zones fast as they would To 1revent Farmer Loss pluses off the market as is done Secy of Agriculture Charles F broader farm controls than ever Committeemen quickly burying themselves in the compexities the plan had little to say They will begin firing questions at Bran nan Friday But one of their number Sen George D Aiken R took the senate floor to criti cize the enforcement features Compliance Conservation Brannan wants to back up his plan with two main requirements compliance with all government programs applying to the crops he produces and soil conservation Aiken said this meant the government caii tell a farmer how to use all his land that it gives the government much more control than it has ever had over the nations 6000000 farms Brarmun proposed instead an in come support standard to provide total farm buying power equiva lent to the average of the first 10 years of the preceding 12year period Thus the minimum in come goal for 1950 would be 234000000 for the nations farm ers In 194S farmer income was a record But in 1939 it was only 57877000000 Full Accord Chairman Elmer Thomas D of the senate agriculture committee told his colleagues he is fully in accord with the objectives of the new program His com mittee will begin1 thorough hear ings he said when legislation for the plan comes along The direct payment plan apply ing to perishables would take in meat animals milk butterfat eggs poultry fruits and vege tables Farmersnow get three fourths of their income from these sources The government under the Brannan system would quit keep ing prices for them above a certain level by buying all the surplus as it does for eggs as an example Right now it aims at keeping enough eggs off the market so that the price to the farmer wont go below 35c Supply and Demand The new plan would let prices paid by the consumer rise and fall at will guided by supply and de mand But when the price paid the farmer dropped below the figure the government income formula says he should receive he would be paid the difference in cash Brannan said this method would not only protect farmers but would give consumers a real break in prices He was unable at this time to furnish a close estimate of what his new program would cost taxpayers Pres Harry S Tru man said at a news conference the cost is yet to be determined He endorsed Brannans statement pret senting the plan to congress Brannan said the cost would be See Page 2 Column S Johnson Assures Writer 11 fU S Secrets Unpublished WASHINGTON April 7 CTPS Cacace 11 Great Kills Staten island N Y wrote to De fense Secy Louis A Johnson re cently and Thursday received a reply on freedom of the press and assurance that top American mili tary secrets are not being disclosed by newspapers The boy told Johnson in his let ter he was fearful that news stories about air defense plans of the United States might give aid and comfort to Russia He said he had read newspaper accounts of American longrange bombing strategy in the event of war with the Soviets T as a citirpn of this country that if war did come Russia could use these ads as aids to there sic Communistic cause Donald said Johnson replied that in the United States Donald we are de termined to preserve the freedom of the press which is guaranteed by our constitution No govern ment official can forbid any news paper or magazine to print any thing That right of the citizen to be fully and freely informed is absolutely necessary in our form of government Anyway the defense secretary added he did not believe the in formation the boy referred to would be of any help to a cer tain foreign country Johnson re marked that actually anyone with H map on a piece of string could roach spproximately the same con clusions as the newspaper He Didnt Toss Securities Into the Drink Richard H Crowe left in custody of a federal agenl has revealed the spot where he allegedly cached thousands of dollars wortli of bonds that he reportedly stole from the National City hank branch in New York City lie first told federal agents he threw them off a Statcn Island ferry of in Fire Give Building Gift EFFINGHAM 111 April 7 Farina 111 farmer and his wife whose third set of twins perished in Tuesdays fire at St Anthonys hospital Thursday donated to help rebuild the hospital I think the hospital is en titled to something for its serv ices saidRaymond Sigrist the father of the twin girls Eileen and Irene At the time of the twins birth March 19 the American Medical Assn said birth of three con secutive sets of twins is a scien tific rarity but not unprece dented They were born at home but were taken later to the hos pital for care UNUnitVotes To Probe Clerics Trials LAKE SUCCESS April 7 A full airing of the trials of churchmen convicted behind the iron curtain was ordered Thursday by the United Nations steering committee over bitter Soviet pro tests The vote was 11 to 2 Russia and Iran abstained The question now goes to the 58nation general assembly It concerns the cases of Josef Cardi nal Mindszenty of Hungary and the 15 Protestant clergymen im prisoned in Bulgaria The overwhelming majority in the steering committee indicated the assembly would carry on full debate in the 58nation commit tee and plenary sessions To Widen Scope Jakob A Malik Soviet deputy foreign minister and Juliusz Katzsuchy of Poland showed plainly they intended to widen the scope of human rights debate In the preliminaries Malik referred to the treatment of Negroes and colonials KatzSuchy brought up the trial of the 11 Communists in New York City lynchings of Negroes and alleged mistreatment of colonials by Britain and Belgium Malik said the countries favor ing the debate on the trials in Hungary and Bulgaria were acting at the will of Wall Street He said people should not stick their noses in other peoples vege table gardens Denies Influence Warren R Austin chief United States delegflte retorted with a hot denial of Wall Street influence He said the foreign relations com mittee of the United States sen ate and the legislatures of 32 states had called for the U S to bring the trials of the religious leaders to the attention of the U N Bolivia demanded last month that the U N take up the case of the Hungarian Catholic primate He was convicted of black market activities treason and plotting to overthrow the Hungarian regime Australia came up next with a demand that the assembly deal with the cases of Cardinal Mind szenty and of 15 Bulgarian Protes tants The Bulgarians were con victed of treason and other acts against the state Bolivia Australia pooled their demands Thursday into one resolution which goes up to the assembly Admitted Embezzler Tells Location of Bond Cache NEW YORKApril 7 UP Richard H Crowe bank embezzler didnt throw his worth of bonds in the ocean after all He hid them in the attic his home FBI agents found all the securi ties Thursday behind a boardedup section in the rafters was persuaded by his lawyer to reveal whathe actually did with the bonds The 41yearold assistant branch manager for the NationalCity bank had said he tossed the bonds into New York harbor from a ferry boat and kept the in cash which he also took from the bank vault FBI Punctures Story But the FBI didnt believe that story and Thursday morning in a jail cell interview he told Peter Attorney and family friend thatthe bonds were at his home Agents gave Mrs Crowe a surprise when they appeared to search the house but she cooper ated getting exact instructions from her husband by telephone as to where the bonds were hidden They were concealed near an attic bedroom where the Crowes colored maid sleeps Holy Jeliosephat Informed of her proximity to more than half a million dollars the maid said Holy jehosephat It was disclosed that the gov ernment would begin its prosecu tion of theS6500ayear bank em ploye Friday There was still approximately in cash missing Crowe mailed some from Florida to friends relatives and other banks where he owed debts FBI Finds FBI agents who arrested him in Daytona Beach Monday night found some in a suitcase Crowe has indicated he intends to plead guilty to the embezzle ment charge His family believes he is men tally ill and Gullotta may base his defense on that ground The U S attorneys office said the case would be presented to a grand jury Friday and that it was possible the indictment may be returned by noon The government asserted it has Grounded Disc Really Relic Of World War DENVER April 7 whatzit found in southwestern Colorado wasnt a forerunner of a new car It was a relic of the old of a Japanese in cendiary balloon So said Maj Lester J Seibert of the Lowry air force base of fice of special investigation Thursday Noah Clubb found the curved hollow piece of metal near Montrose Wednesday Knobs protruded from the inside of what looked like a small por tion of a wagon wheel Since flying discs had been seen in the area two years ago Clubh forwarded his discovery to the air force base here for analysis unearthed evidence that Crowe plotted the embezzlement at least a week before he scooped the money from the bank vault on March 25 Crowe was said to have bought a suitcase to carry the bonds and to have purchased screw drivers pliers tin shears and a twofoot jimmy to force open the cash boxes and then tamper with the time locks so they could not be opened for several hours when the bank reopened Crowe was said to have left the burglar tools behind him in the vault 200 Teachers In Georgia c Stage Strike ATLANTA April 7 200 Georgia teachers quit their classes Thursday and urged thous ands of others to join in a state wide protest walkout A leader in the movement said more than 1000 teachers will join an indefinite recess of their classes by Monday School doors will be closed in more than 20 counties he added Teachers tempers flared after Georgia voters in a referendum Tuesday sharply defeated new taxes for a school im provement fund Want Special Session L M Shelf of Rockmart Ga president of the Polk county teach ers association and a top organ izer of the walkouts said the pur pose was to force a special session of the legislature All our best teachers are quit ting in droves effective next year Self said If we wait until then to do something about it that will be too late Our school system faces a com plete breakdown unless we get more money and action now j As the move spread Gov Her man Talmadge cautioned against rash action Xo Work No Pay The people of Georgia he said are in sympathy with the school teachers and their situation Any illconsidered action bythe teachers would do them more harm than good over a long period of time State Auditor B E Thrasher Jr declared a nowork nopay policy He said teacher salaries would be docked for the days the teachers remain out But school leaders made little effort to halt the growing rebel lion Said State School Supt M D Collins Its got to the point where I cant ask ft teacher to make a a year sacrifice by remaining in Georgia Teachent have been kicked around too long Georgia pays a fouryear col lege trained teacher a year Just across the border in Florida the same teacher gets Col lins said All schools in Polk county in northwest Georgia were closed with 315 teachers and 3500 stu dents idle Eighty teachers in near by Haralson county voted Thurs day afternoon to join the recess That meant another 3000 pupils would have a forcefl vacation Fri day Bitter Fight Halts Vote On ERP Bill in Senate BITTER ROW Comiallv Hits tj Plan to Aii Arms Export WASHINGTON April 7 UP Chairman Tom Connally D of the senate foreign rela tions committee engaged in a bit ter row with a state department official Thursday night over de partment plans to make public Friday certain information on its program oE U S arms aid for Europe Tlie department later issued a formal statement saying that in dications that Sen Connally was concerned over release the data had been clearedu p Connally had engaged in a heated verbal setto with assistant secretary of state Ernest A Gross Fears Senate Stall He told Gross in no uncertain terms that publicizing the pro gram now would be most inoppor tune because it would further de lay senate action on the 000000 Marshall plan extension bill Those who heard the row which occurred just off the senate floor described Connally as en raged The GrossConnally exchange followed a press conference state ment by Pres Harry S Truman that he fully intends to ask con gress for funds to supply arms to members of the North At lantic Security alliance DifferehciIroned The State department said that the trouble between Conrially and Gross was ironed out in a con versation between the senator and i undersecretary of State James EWebb Sen Connally has been in formed the information the de partment will release Friday is an exchange of notes between cer tain of the Atlantic pact countries and the United States concerning the urgent need of these countries for military assistance the state ment said Held Proper Course Sen Connally stated to Mr Webb that he believed this was the proper course of action at present Mr Truman said that com mentators had taken out of con text and distorted statements on the arms program by Dr Edwin G Nourse chief of his council economic advisers Asked whether newspapermen had done so Mr Truman said he did not know On Tuesday Nourse told a closed meeting of civilian and military leaders here that he believed that piling the arms program atop present defense spending might force the government to raise taxes or operate in the red Support Slash Senate Republicans seized on Nourses words to support their demand that several billion dollars be slashed from the foreign aid bill Nourse had cleared his speech in advance with the president First Four Years WorstTruman WASHINGTON April 7 INS Harry S Truman said Thursday that his first four years in the White House have been the hardest The president was reminded at his news conference that he soon will have been president four years Hoping for a lengthy discussion of Mr Trumans experience in a troubled world as president a cor respondent asked for comment The president laughed and re plied They all say the first four years arc the hardest Insult Steamroller Cries Punctuate Stormy Debate WASHINGTON April 7 senate recessed Thursday night without reaching a vote on the foreign aid bill seven hours of stormy debate punctuated by of insult and steamroller tactics Forecasts by leaders of both parties that a final vote on passage of the European recovery measure would be reached Thursday went glimmering as the debate exploded into acrid per sonalities Recess came at pm EST Just before quitting Chairman Tom Connally D Tex of the senate foreign relations commit asked unanimous consent that he senate start voting at 2 pm Friday on the bill and all remain ing amendments Didnt Get It Connally didnt get it Sen Wayne Morse R who had rowed with Connally earlier quickly spoke up I object That left the way open for un limited continuation of the 12day old debate on recovery funds By a 72toIO vote the senate batted down a proposal by Sen Pat Malone R Nev to cut off all U S grants except food and medical supplies and towrite out all future U S aid on strict IO U loan basis Sen Joseph McCarthy R Wis joined Morse and others in tang ling with Connally Democratic floor manager of the aid bill in the course of the day French Morocco McCarthy renewing his charge that the French are discriminat ing against American business men operating in French told the senate that Cprmailyhaj said he knew of only little case of discrimination Flushing with anger Connolly rose and asked McCarthy to yield McCarthy refused All you do is insult nally shouted andthen Stephen T Early Appointed new undersecretary defense Early Chosen To National Defense Post WASHINGTON April 7 Pres Harry S Truman brought Stephen T Early back into gov ernment service Thursday nam ing him to the newly created post of undersecretary of defense This was another in a series of administration moves designed to streamline operations of the na tional military establishment and to speed real unification of the armed services The 60yearold as Steve to thousands of news to the new assign ment a long background of Inti mate familiarity with toplevel government operations here and abroad Roosevelts Tress Secretary For 12 years Early was press secretary to his oldtime friend the late Pres Franklin D Roose velt Before that he was on the Washington staff of the Associated Press for almost 20 years As the No 2 man at the Penta gon Early will have the task of serving as general manager of the military han dling administrativedetails thus giving Secy of Defense Louis A Johnson more time to devote to policy matters Creation of the defense under secretaryship was one of the points advocated by the Hoover commis sion in its recommendations for putting the military bureau on a more businesslike basis Only last Saturday Mr Truman signedthe bill which put the new post into effect Financial Sacrifice Earys return to government to senate approv mean a personal financial sacrifice The defense job pays a less than he is reported making as vice president of the Pullman Co and of its manufacturing affiliate Pullman Inc He took those positions shortly after the death of Pres Roosevelt on April 12 1945 Chairman Millard E Tydings D Md pf the senate armed services committee said he thought the president had made an ex cellent appointment in selecting Early for the new defense post Late in the day Sen B of the senate forftijii committee introduced an amend ment seeking to bar the Marshall plan administration from spending any American dollars to expand socialism in western Europe GOP Conference The senate alsoheard Sen Eugene R chair man of the senate GOiP confer ence demand that any money re quired to arm western Europe under the North Atlantic treaty be taken out of Marshall plan funds Hickenlooper offered his amend ment as a substitute for pro posal by Sen James O Kern R Mo which would have barred all U S aid to any country attempt ing to nationalize its iron steel or other basic industries Connally touched off the first round of the days fireworks when he told the senate that slow pro gress on the foreignaid measure was holding up other important legislation The furore was immediate Sen Morse Attacks Sen Morse still smouldering from criticism by Majority Leader Scott Lucas D Ul Wednesday jumped to the attack He said there had been only two weeks of debate on the multibillionrdbllar program and now the administra tion was trying to steamroller the bill through the senate We are constantly needled by the Democrats to make haste Morse roared and the kind of haste they are asking means waste Sen William E Jenner R Ind shouted that billions for Europe we stickers in the United States are paying for such damn foolishness as 50 toupees for baldheaded Britons Jenner went on to say thatthe newlysigned North Alantic treaty is likelyto cost the United States in the long run instead of the 1800000000 men tioned for rearming Europe Thats just the ante in the poker game Jenner scoffed re ferring to the smaller figure BLOW FOR LIBERTY Vendor Fails Firm Disgorges NEW YORK April 7 Morton Krouse a man of many unhappy experiences with subway vending machines struck a blow for liberty Thursday He forced the York Subway Advertis ing Co to disgorge 46 pennies their machines had gobbled up since last Sept 20 without giving out with the peanuts cardy and gum nee essary to the sustenance the Krpuses ample frame In small claims court the com pany glumly settled Krouses claim and handed over a check for it had tossed in the towel even before the legal battle wasjoined This represented the plaintiffs losses to the machines and the it cost him to bring suit against the company In the corridor later Krouse a vocal teacher gave a playbyplay account of his war with the ma chines Every since 1939 when he came here from Philadelphia Krouse has been investing as much as 15c a day in betweenmeals tid bits There were freqyent nohit ters I am not the type said the 240lb Krouse with some dignity punches kicks or wrestles with the machines I just push once or twice and if nothing hap pens I go away But I am indig nant Last Sept 20 he started keeping track of his losses by subway sta tion platform pillar and type of machine When the number of entries in his little black book reached 46 he decided to redress On March 27 he went into small claims court and filed against the vending machine oper ators for his lost money Nevertheless said Krouse T feel amply vindicated and I feel it only fair to give the Nwjfi York Subway Advertising Co other chance I will continue to patronize their least to the extent of the If my losses continue again
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