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Salt Lake Tribune: Thursday, April 7, 1949 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 7, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Throuih Friday WEATHER Partly cloudy Thursdayi showers south portion Details M Zt VOL 158 NO 175 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH THURSDAY MORNING APRIL 7 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS President Would Use Atom Bomb Again Expresses Hope Atlantic Treaty WU1 Forestall War Decision WASHINGTON April 6 Harry S Truman ex pressed belief Wednesday night it will never be necessary to dro another atom bomb But he said he would not hesitate to us the bomb again if necessary for the welfare of the democracie The president said he believed the signing of the Atlant defense pact had placed the United States in a position wher we will never have to jnake that decision again I hope and pray that that will never be necessary He spoke off the cuff at a buf fet dinner attended by more than 300 freshman senators and con gressmen Weighed Peoples Welfare The president told of making the decision to drop atomic bombs on Japanese cities in 1945 on the basis the welfare of not only this country but of our enemy country Now I believe that we are in ft position where we will never have to make that decision again but if it has to be made for the welfare of ttfc United States and the democracies of the world are at stake I wouldnt hesitate to make it again He said the United States only objective is peace and the wel fare of every nation and every race in the world Reviewed World Situation Although the chief executive was Invited to the buffet dinner at the Carlton hotel as part of Democrat ic party strategy toward greater unanimity on the domestic front his own offthecuff talk laid heavy emphasis on the world sit uation He reminded the newcoming Democratic congressmen the Unit ed States has offered to give up the atomic bomb the greatest weapon in history if effective controls for atomic energy for the benefit of mankind can be agreed upon UP MILLION Truman Wins Senate Test Of Europe Aid WASHINGTON April 6 Senate administration leaders all tests Wednesday in their fight against major changes in the bill for European recovery but failed to get to a final vote Sharply rebuked for keeping the senate in session late at night majority leader Scott W Lucas DI11 recessed the chamber at pm But once again he called the senators back at 11 am Thursday hour resume the debate which has oeen droning on for 11 days Nearly 20 amend ments still await action In seven hours Wednesday the senate rejected a Republican move to toss the whole question of how many billions in American aid should be spent in fiscal 1950 into the hands of the senate appropria tions committee 11 Days of Debate The bill they have been debating since March 23 merely puts a ceil ing on the money to be appro priated later The lawmakers also approved an amendment by Sen R Owen Brew ster R Me to deny American aid to any nation singled out for punishment by the United Nations for violation of the U N charter This was aimed at the Nether lands arising from the failure of the Dutch so far to obey a United Nations request for settlement of the ButchIndonesian strife in the East Indies SIorscLucas Clash The fraying of senatorial nerves was highlighted by an explosive clash between Sen Wayne Morse R and Majority Leader Lucas D with Morse hotly accusing Lucas of cracking the whip and treating senators like kindergarten kids Morse went on Some of us happen to be prima donnas enough not to want to be treated as grade school kids by a strong school master who says if we dont obey he is going to take us out in the woodshed Coolly Lucas retorted he was happy to hear Morse admit he is a prima donna The Oregon Republican leveled his criticism at Lucas action in ordering late night and Saturday sessions Vice Pres Alben W Barkley the senate presiding officer broke off the exchange by calling for a vote on a pending amendment By a 59 to 23 vote the ssnate rejected a proposal by Senator William Fulbright D to ur an unspecified amount of the new multibillion dollar program to encourage closer economic unity among the 16 Marshall plan Britain Plans Billion For Defense LONDON April 6 budget calling for defense spenc ing of increase of the next yea was submitted to the house commons Wednesday Sir Stafford Cripps chancello of the exchequer presented th budget estimating total expend tures in the year starting last Fn day at That woul be more than was spent last year In his budget which dashe hopes for some relief from auster ity conditions Cripps estimate income for the year at 000000 down from last year Tear of Less Meat He served notice onBritons tha it would be a year ofless meat a higher prices continued high taxe and harder work He saw no hop for relief so long as the cost o social services and defense stay up The chancellor whose name hai become synonymous with auster ity saw no prospect of a decrease in defense expenditures forsom years to with sharp in creases more likely The hardest blow for meat starved Britons was word that the price of meat henceforth wouldbe 4 pence about 7c a pound more Cripps said nothing of increasing the the ration rises the announcement means less meat Britons are rationed to only 10 pence worth of meat a week Other Price Hikes Along with the increase in the price of meat went rises for cheese butter margarine matches ciga ret lighters telephone service and football pools Beer and wine drinkers got a break a cut of 1 British penny per pint in beer and 2 shillings 40c a bottle on all table wines But there was no relief for the whisky gin and brandy drinkers The smoker will continue paying 3 shillings 6 pence about 70c a pack for cigarets Cripps cautiously forecast an increase in the supply of food stuffs generally with the excep tion of meat He anticipated that payments for food on Brit ains own amount to To which he added that cannot go on For this year he said subsidies are reduced to Socialized Medicine Cripps announced a big increase in the socialized medicine plan with estimated expenditures of compared with last year He announced a half penny in crease in taxes on matches and a corresponding increase on lighters Telephone surcharges will be in creased from 15 to In a radio speech Wednesday Cripps described his economic blueprint as a holdingtheposi tion Budget If we stick to it now the time of full recovery will certainly come he said Obey Gods Laws Pres Smith Urges Clark Denounces Attacks on LDS General authorities and highofficials of Church of Teuis Christ of Latterday Saints sit on these tiered benchesat conference sessions The first presidency sits on the top row to the left Council of twelve apostles sits onthat row and the next row down Next Is for first council of seventy arid assistants to the council of twelve apostles Lower row is for presiding bishopric and other officials ONLY VICTIMS Hutchiiis Sees Shooting War SPOKANE Wash April 6 UPl cold war between Russia hd the United States will lead to shooting war in which there wil e only victims riot victors Dr obert M Hutchiris said Wednes ay The University of Chicago chan illor told more than 1000 teachers lat the world has become a eighborhood He proposed a orldgovernment as the only ope we have of averting war Dr Hutchins criticized the Tru ari foreign policy an attempt i intimidate Russia Touching on the last war Dr utchins said From the longTrangemilitary ointof view letting the atomic omb fall on Hiroshima wasa ross mistake for it let the catoiit the bag he It makes highly dubious the any references which Mr Tru an has made to the golden rule basis of American foreign policy he added Military Leaders Urge Nation To Share Arms With West countries Supported by Sen Arthur H Vandenbcrp R Fulbright urged passage or the amendment on the ground that it would aid the economic and eventual political unity of European nations WASHINGTON April 6 Americas military leaders urged the nation Wednesday to share its armed might and forces with west ern Europe and thus help fore stall a war which Secy of the Army might more Kenneth last 20 C Royall said While declaring that war is not imminent nor unavoidable top of ficials of the army navy and air force laid heavy stress on the need for unified preparation now as they joined in the nationwide observance of Army day They spoke out on the eve of a new attempt to weld this countrys three armed services into a better fighting team through smoother operations of the unification sys tem This effort is to be made under direction of Gen Dwight D Eisenhower at closed door sessions with the joint chiefs of staff start ing Thursday at Key West Fla Pres Harry STruman himself pointed up the new unity drive in telling Chairman Millard E Tyd ings of he senate armed services committee he is anxious to bring about a corhplete team atmosphere Later in the day the president reviewed an hourlong parade of army forces along Constitution ave Joining the marching troops were marine navy and air force units in what observers said was a symbolic farewell to the separate observances of special days for the three armed services Henceforth they said there will be only a National Security on which all the military branches will be honored Thin would do sway with Navy day Oct 27 Air day Sept 18 West Powers Map Reich State Outline WASHINGTON April 6 UP of State Dean G Acheson met for four and a half hours with fpftign ministers Ernest Bevin o Britain and Robert Schumano France Wednesday to work out plans for setting up a western German state A State department spokesman said excellent progress was made in the talks which were dividec into morning and late afternoon sessions Another meeting ofthe western Big Three foreign ministers was scheduled for 11 am Thursday Schuman said it was not im possible that the talks would be concluded Thursday Ambassadors Phillip Jessup U S ambassador at large and Robert D Murphy head of the State departments GermanyAustria section sat in with Acheson A terse communique issued after the first session said only that Jie talks covered Germanprob lems and that the ministers made excellent progress Other diplomatic informants said two main topics were under consideration 1 Economic and administrative fusion of the French zone with the already merged AngloAmerican zone Draft Reich Powers 2 Drafting of a statute o outline the powers which will e returned to the proposed Ger government and those which the occupation forces will retain A British official said the three powers are now determined to pro ceed with the establishment of the western German state regardless of Soviet opposition Russia has bitterly denounced he western plans as a move to divide Germany permanently By implication the Soviet union las made abandonment of the western state proposal the price of lifting the Berlin deal the western powers rejected The State department meanwhile announced that it will not send ormal answer to the recent Rus sian protest on another issue the sorth Atlantic pact WEST MOVES AHEAD Truman Signs Basin Pact o Krug Spurs Development O I WASHINGTON April 6 Pres Harry S Truman signec Wednesday the congressional act confirming the fivestate upper Colorado river basin compact open ing the way for development of the basins water resources Sen Joseph C OMahoney D chairman of the senate in terior affairs committee expressed the hope for early congressional action authorizing start of the work Secy of the Interior J A Krug said his department through the reclamation bureau already is con sulting the upper Colorado basin Colorado Wyoming Sew Mexico and cerning a development program In a statement Krug said highly tentative plan including Girl Takes Second Atomic Cocktail In Disease Fight KNOXVILLE Tenn April 6 frail 15yearold high school girl drank her second atomic hoping to cure a rare glandular ailment Joyce Hughes of Birming ham Ala drank a glass of ra dioactive phosphorus prepared in the atomic ovens at nearby Oak Ridge Shetook her first dose Feb 14 Joyces mother Mrs Byron B Hughes said she seemed to rally after the first cocktail Doci tors recommended a second treatment although they say they dont know whether it will cure Joyce The phosphorus was adminis tered at the University of Ten nessee hospital by a staffcf doctors and scientists known as the Isotopic Theapy Committee of the Knoxvilie Medical acad emy Joyces weight has dropped from 132 to 85 pounds since she was stricken with Hodgkins dis ease construction of the primary upper storage reservoirs and a small group of irrigation developments hasbeendiscussed with the states He said the plan undoubtedly will be enlarged to include more developments and predicted work will continue for decades Krug said the need for expedit ing additional irrigation hydro electric and other developments in the fivestate region is urgent and Michael W Straus reclamation commissionersaid the primary would provide the storage for future proj ects inthe upperbasin 100000 New Acres The first group of irrigation projects would develop about 100 000 acres of new irrigated farm lands and provide more water for more than 200000 acres now in adequately supplied in Colorado New Mexico Utah and Wyoming Straus said The main dams would provide more than 1780000 kilowatts of hydroelectric capacity he added as well as flood control recreation fish and wildlife and municipal water benefits Include Utah Projects Projectssuggested in the initial plan discussed with the states in clude The Central Utah and Goose Berry projects in Utah the Cull sran Florida and Paonia projects n Colorado the Eden Lyrnan and Seedskadee projects in Wyoming he Hammond project in New Mexico the La Plata units and the Pine River projectin Colo rado and New Mexico Main storage reservoirsplanned or river regulation include the Fled Canyon Rattlesnakeand Split Mountain danis in Utah Echo Park Cross Mountain and Cotton wood dams in Colorado and Glen anyon dam in Arizona Members of the congressional delegations from the five slates were among those invited to the White House signing ceremony Picture of signing ceremony on page 1 First Counselor Says Foes Undermine Youth Faith The 119th annual conference of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints closed Wednesday afternoon with an appeal from Pres George Albert Smith for all members to support con stitutional government and live in accordance with Gbda com mandments and a denunciation by J Reuben Clark Jr first counselor in the first presidency of organizations and influences which he charged were attacking the church Mr Clarks critical remarks were directed at some other churches secular organizations atheists and wolves within his own church who he said were seeking to rob Latterday1 Saint families of their children Pres Smith the last speaker told church members there was one way to avoid the perils of the disturbed wprW and that was to obey Gods laws and command ments Punishes Child The Lord he said has never punished His children He has taught them so they will not be punished by their own conduct The church president said the world is coming dangerously near the time when our Heavenly Father may withdraw His spirit from the world because people will not accept Him He urged mem bers to live in such a way that they will be an example to others and to pray for those in high government positions as a means of influencing them by the spirit of the Lord Warns of Influences Mr Clark opened his talk by say ing that he wanted to Warn the members against certain in fluences among us He declarec that he firmly believed in the principle of free rigiil ofmentoworship how when anc where they choose That he remarked is the spirit of the But how different he continued that is from another great church which says or has its officers say they will attack and follow upall heretics The speaker asserted that the Latterday Saints church iad wolves of our own amongcat us who more than anyone else are n sheeps clothing because they wear the raiment of the priesthood Hit Through Youth He declared that certain churches secular organizations and groups are attacking the church through its youth They begin he said by mak ng friends with our young people Then they invite them to their lomes then to socials and then to classes of instruction and be ore we know it their priesthood is fone They ask our young people if hey do not find it embarrassing in heir own church sometimes be cause they smoke or drink a little eer Then they point out that in heir church that doesnt matter Undermine They tell Us the word of wis domis just somebodys idea that t has nothing to do with real re igion They tell us that if we sin we can confess do some penance and we will be forgiven Then they attack baptism for the dead They say our religion cannot last iecause it is too hardto live that t will therefore fadeaway and ecome extinct If there was ever a time in history when we must be on guard against the influence of other hiirches and atheists that time g today We must not be sleep 1 We must not letthe rror and evil which knocks at ur doors enter and rob iis of the greatest things God gives us ur children Pres Smith in his closing mes age paid a special tributeto the mixed chorus of Brigham Young See Page 2 Column I SEA CHANGE Fleet Shifts ToAtlantic WASHINGTON April The navy announced Wednesday that under its budget for fiscal 1950 it willkeep a 409shlp fleet in the Atlantic and armada in the Pacific This represents no change in the number of heavy combat vesselsin both fleets Buttlin line war shift in strategy fronithe Pa cific to the Atlantic additional light combat vesselsand destroy ers will be placed along the eastern seaboard Composition ofthe cludes Aircraft in the At lantic and two in the Pacific Light carriers and inthe Atlantic and three in the Pacific the Missouri in the Atlantic in the Atlantic six in the Pacific Destroyers and destroyer escorts in the Atlantic S3 in the Pa cific Military Brass ToMeettke In Showdown W A SHI N GT ON April nations top military leaders will leave Thursday after noon for Key West Flafor a decisive meeting wfth ailing Gen Eisenhower on strategicwar plans the defense office said Wednesday Military souces said the t key question whichwill be settledat the conferencewill Can the air force with its super bombers and atomic bombs wina war without a big trmy and navys platuiedsupercarriera Defense Secy Louis Johnson will loin the military chiefs atTKity West probably over the week end AV former directoripfthik Con solidated Vultee Aircraft Corp maker of the B36 bomber Johnson is reported tofayOT ItiSe air forces view that big bombers equipped with the bomb or biological head this countrys counterattack against an raemy He is notex jected to ralej outthe lavys development and tiie of the proposed capable of handling Abomb car rying planes Air force leaders have contended hat the B36s can fly 5000 miles rbm bases in hit of a potential enemys major their the j need v for an army to grab arid hold advanced air bases or the navy to support and supply them ITY GRIEFSTRICKEN Dead Missing Number 74 In Tragic Hospital Blaze BFFINGHAM III April 6 The toll of dead and missing in Tuesdays holocaust at St An honys hospital rose to an esti mated 74 Wednesday with 69 nowri dead The Catholic chancery office which governs the hospital rs orted that 62 of 69 bodies recoy red from the blackened ruins of he hospital have been identified Bodies of seven others remained nclaimed and five others listed s missing are believed buried lin ie wreckage This griefstricken city mean hile began burying the dead irst were tiny white coffins bcar ig the charred remains of some the 13 babies vho perished in he fire Mayor H B Rinehart pro laimed a memorial holiday for huraday when most funerals will held Anguished relatives redeyed from weeping tried to comfort eachother Marylent Rels 17 KC plained You dont let go because you know youre not alone Herfather Frank Reis hospital engineerdied ina futile attempt to save her mother Maria The mother jumped from third floor window before her husband reached her room She la in a critical condition with fractured skull Her head hit a concrete curb l i 4 Priests and nuns worked Wednesday near rcrewa bringing more oodles out of the blackened ruins The nuns cleaned the slightly damaged operating room and said it will be availablt for use Thursday The nuns wil for the sick and injured in private homes v Deputy state fire marshal said the cause of itUl ii ofci scure   

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