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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 5, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Throuffh Friday WEATHER Fair and warm Details on Page 20 VOL 158 NO 173 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH TUESDAY MORNING APRIL 5 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Apostle Pleads for Indian Justice West Nations Weld Defense Shield 12 Delegates Sign Pact For Security WASHINGTON April 4 Amid solemn diplomatic pag eantry 12 north Atlantic nations Monday signed a treaty designed to confront any Russian aggres sion with a united defense After hearing Pres Harry S Truman hail it as a shield against aggression the foreign stepped up one by one to put their names to the historic 1040word pact Previously they like Mr Tru man had proclaimed to Russia and all the world that their only purpose was peace and security Add Blunt Warnings But several of them added blunt warnings to any nation contem plating violence Britains foreign minister Ernest Bevin declared Our peoples do not want war and do not glorify war but they will not shrink from it if aggres sion is threatened Secy of State Dean Aeheson drew on the Bible For those who set their feet upon the path of aggression he said it the pact is a warning that if it must needs be that offenses come then woe unto them by whom the of fense cometh Milestone in History At a dinner Monday night Pres Truman told the foreign ministers that their children and grandchil dren some day will say We really passed a milestone in history to Toasting the foreign ministers at a dinner at which he and Mrs Truman were hosts the president asserted May I offer a toast to the At lantic treaty and its I think we have really passed a mile stone in history today And I think your children and your grandchildren will tell you that in the days to come Many members of the senate which must favor the treaty with a twothirds vote before it can go into effect witnessed the signing Signing Follows Mr Truman spoke after each of the visiting foreign ministers and Secy Aeheson stepped forward on the flagbedecked platform to make brief addresses Then came the actual signing Belgiums for eign minister PaulHenri Spaak was the first to put his name down The others followed in al phabetical of Canada Denmark France Ice land Italy Luxembourg the Netherlands Norway Portugal the United Kingdom and the United States Projecting American defense frontiers into the heart of Europe the treaty would pledge all 12 nations to take measures to resist an attack on any of them Must Be Ratified It becomes effective only when ratified by the United States and six other original sponsors These are Canada Britain France Bel gium the Netherlands and Luxem bourg Mr Truman termed absolutely untrue the charge that the treaty is aggressive in intent a charge which Russia made in formal notes on the eve of the signing The pact will be a positive not a negative influence for peace and its influence will be felt not only in the area it specifi cally covers but throughout the world he declared In Recent Years Twice in recent years nations have felt the sickening blow of unprovoked aggression he went on Our peoples to whom our governments are responsible de mand that these things shall not happen again We are determined that they shall not happen again He said that in the pact we hope to create a shield against aggression and the fear of aggres bulwark which will permit us to get on with the real busi ness of government and society the businessof achieving a fuller and happier life for our citizens By contrast with the western nations who unite despite differ ing governmental and economic systems the police state tries to achieve unity by imposing uniform beliefs and a rule of force on everyone he laid At no time did he name Russia however Aeheson spoke at the start of the twohour ceremony and intro duced the others Belgiums Spaak said the treaty ihould disturb no save of it Column 3 Session Hears Moyle Rake Evil of Liquor A plea for broader educational efforts among the American Indians and the fulfillment of treaty obligations toward them was made by Spencer W Kimball member of the council of twelve apostles Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints speaking at the Monday afternoon session of the 119th annual conference of the church in the tabernacle Mr Kimball who has done considerable work among Indians declared they will continue to revert to thehogan and tepee as long as only an occasional one is trained but gave assurance if all were educated they would be able to rise to higher levels of living1 and achievement The morning session was marked by an appeal from Henry D Moyle also of the council of twelve apos tles for Latterday Saints to elect men to public office who will oppose such places of vice as the open salocn Makes Prohibition Plea Twilight Shadows Enhance Graceful Lines of Church Symbols As the gray shadmvs of dusk settle over historic Temple square Churcli of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints a familiar landmark Brigham Young monument and the churchs famous temple stand out in hold relief against th sky Titis striking photograph was taken by Weston C Lee Salt Lake TribuneTelegram photographer East Tops West in Armed Might By R H SHACKFORB LONDON April 4 12 nations which signed the North Atlantic security pact in Wash ington Monday are numerically in ferior in armed strength to Russia and her satellites a United Press survey showed A recent survey of east versus west military strength revealed that Russia and her iron curtain states have an estimated 5000000 men under arms arid millions more that could be called up immedi ately The United States and the other 11 nations which signed the alli ance against armed attack from any quarter have slightly more than 3500000 men under arms Another 1000000 men are in military service in five countries linked closely to the Greece Turkey and the British dominions The survey also revealed the biggest armament race in peace time history Military budgets of the west total about 000 The Russian and eastern Eu ropean military budgets probably run between and combined Every nation is preparing for a war that everyone hopes will not corne None wants it But prepar edness to prevent war is the cur rent theme And more men are being trained and more and dead lier weapons are being built The cloak of secrecy about mili tary plans is drawn as tightly to day in most countries as during the war Therefore only the most general figures are available in the of course no official figures at all are available from the east On the basis of the best available information this is the way east and west line up has an estimated 4000000 men under arms in its army air force and navy Another RoundtheWorld Sans Refueling Seen for Bomber YORK April 4 A new airplane engine has been perfected which will make it possible for a bomber to fly around the world without refuel ing the CurtissWright Corp said Monday night CurtissWright said the first deliveries of the new gasoline engines known as the Turbo Cyclone 18 will be made to the navy in the middle of this year It said production orders for of the new en gines had been placed 5000000 to 6000000 could be mobilized quickly Russian of the peoples democracies are sup posed to be drastically restricted in their military power 12 signatories of the pact and the nations closely asso ciated with them have 4600000 men in their regular armed serv ices plus a reserve of several mil lion But they are scattered over most of the world and separated by wide oceans Superior The British and American navies are superior America has no competitor in long range bombers Its B29 and B50s can go almost anywhere by using the recently developed air refueling techniques The smaller nations of the pact are militarily extremely weak Even France once the dominant military power on the continent has a small poorly equipped army and virtually no air force French foreign minister Robert Schuman saidrecently I am not giving away any secrets when I say that if all the western European countries pooled their armed resources it still wouldnt mean much in the face of an armed attack Senate Pact Okeh Seen Certain Arms a Question WASHINGTON April 4 UP ratification of the North Atlantic treaty seems as sured but a stiff fight is brew ing over the proposal to back it up with arms shipments key senators said Monday night The senate foreign relations committee plans to begin pub lic hearings on the farreaching alliance next Monday Chairman Tom Cpnnally D Tex of the foreign relations committee predicted the senate will ratify the pact with a sub stantial margin to spare Inspectors Probe Seattle Mailing SEATTLE April 4 inspectors said Monday there has been no definite decision on wheth er a postal law hag been violated by the Seattle mailing of letters to teachers college students around the country Meanwhile an Inspector said they are following only slim clues as to the possible sender The letters label teachers col leges old maid factories and have been sent to students in states from the Pacific coast to New England Evatt Urges Potent U N FLUSHING N Y April 4 UP Herbert V Evatt of Aus tralia called on the world Monday night to strengthen the United Nations as the U N general as sembly prepared to reconvene its third regular session Tuesdayin an atmosphere of increased east west bitterness bred by the North Atlantic pact The Australian foreign minister president of the U N assembly We must all work together to continue to strengthen the work of the U N without which in my opinion it will be impossible to achieveinternational peace based on justice and not on mere power or force Evatt spoke to newsmen in his plush office at the U Ns Lake Success headquarters and his words underlined his statement Sunday that the North At lantic pact while helpful could not be a substitute for the U N Most of the foreign ministers who signed the momentous west em defense pact in Washington Monday will be on hand Tuesday when Evxtt raps the travel reopen ing the assembly session It is bad enough he said to traffic in liquor at all If prohibi tion is the only way to end the evil of liquor lets start fighting for it to preserve the doctrine of MANY CHILDREN 30to60Dead In Illinois Hospital Fire EFFINGHAM 111 April 5 UPi A spectacular fire swept righteousness because thats what w gt Anthony hospltai we must have to maintain the kind of communities we wish to live in Mr Moyle praised the last ses sion of the legislature for failure to break downpresent restrictions on liquor gambling and observ ance of the Sabbath I suppose there is no harm in horse racing itself he contin ued but there is no more insid ious vice than gambling A man cant start gambling and remain steadfast in the faith Gambling Kills Faith theretoI invite them to go elsewhere where those things can be had No man can keep his standing in the church and have anything to do with gam bling Lets use our faith and courage to eradicate them in the communities where they are insti tutions Mr Moyle advocated that Lat terday Saints take part in the political affairs of their commu nities so that they may help to improve conditions The influence of the community is boundto be The speaker said the Lord has never changed the law of the Sab bath and asked Are we to open our stores carry on commercial transactions or close them The answer is obvious Satan at Work He warned that where the ad versary finds us vulnerable either in our thinking or our lives there he gets in his work most effec tively He declared satan is caus ing many Latterday Saints to adopt the philosophies of the world and to be easily led Flattery is one of his tools Mr Moyle added so we must fortify ourselves against unright eous flattery We must keep our thinking clear and our feet on the ground so that we will have ho time for such philosophies Mr Kimball deplored the preju dice and intolerance in many com munities against Indians and Mex icans who according to Latter day Saint belief are descendants of the Lamanites of the Book of Mormon Give Indians Due We fail to think of the good things the Lamanites have done he said They have eaten the husks long enough Its time we accepted them Mr Kimball said many Lama nites have joined the church and are devout faithful members Bruce R McConkie of the first council of seventy another speak er at the afternoon session de clared we have the truths of heaven and if we accept and live them we can get the greatest blessings of all eternity After we have found the truth he continued and obtained See Page 2 Column 1 119TH CONCLAVE LDS Sessions Daily Agenda Tuesday 10 meeting tab ernacle conducted by presiding bishopric tabernacle Wednesday 1ft session taber nacle I session tabtr jnacle early Tuesday and Police Chief J H Green said the death toll ranged from 30 to 60 Theres justno way of telling how many people died in the fire Green said Because of the intense heat and falling timber and bricks the bodies were not immediately re moved from the debris Ben Biederhorn 38 amale at tendant at the hospital estimated that 50 persons lost their lives in the blaze ytach destroyed the lieved to be children Estimates SO Bead An unidentified priest also esti mated that 50 persons died asthe flames spread iquickly through the 125bed 40yearold brick struc ture An unidentified sister at the hospital said at least 30 were be lieved to have been killed when the blaze swept through the four story brick building More than a score were injured when they jumped from the flaming struc ture The fire broke out shortly be fore midnight Three hours later Bodies were strewn in the debris Toll Is Heavy At that time Mayor H B Rine hart of Effingham at the scene said There is no way of telling how many lost their lives The toll is heavy There were believed to have been morethan 100 persons in the 125 bed 40yearold hospital located in the north residential sec tion of this south central Illinois community1 Firemen from several nearby communities helped fight the blaze but were unable to bring it under control It was believed to have started in a coal chute Flames shot up an elevator shaft and quickly spread over the entire building Bulgaria Reds Fire Official SOFIA Bulgaria TueadayApril 5 central committee of the Bulgarian Communist party said Tuesday it had removed Traicho Kostov as deputy premier Kostov a leading Communist party member has also been re moved from the politburo the highest body of the Communist party in Bulgaria The announcement said he had been removed for these reasons 1 Gross political and anti party errors 2 Incorrect methods of leader ship 3 Insincere and unfriendly pol icy regarding the Soviet union 4 Nationalistic deviations A broadcast dispatch Monday by Tanjug official Yugoslav news agency said 300 Bulgarian state and Communist party officials had been arrested on charges of being in the spy service of imperialist states Tanjug had reported a spy rounduplast week in Bulgaria The Sofia dispatch confirmed a report by Tanjug the official agency last Friday that Kostov had been expelled from the Communist politburo Tanjug said Kostov was under houtt ar rest The Communist party statement accused Kostov of carrying on an insincere and unfriendly policy toward the Soviet union while ticlpating in trade talks with tia i
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