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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 31, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Interinountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday tibnnt WEATHER Scattered showers north rail or snow south portioi Thursday Details on 27 VOL 158 NO 168 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH THURSDAY MORNING MARCH 31 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Truman Sees VOID Swift Curb Of Rent Ills Signs 15Month Law Terms Measure Vast Lobbv Defeat Short Blacks Out Downtown Area Downtown Salt Lake City was thrown into total dark ness for 87 minutes Thursday at am when a water main broke at the Jordan steam plant of Utah Power and Light Co grounding out two banks of transformers there i The plant is located at 16 S Glendale st WASHINGTON March 30 WM restored for abo Harry S Truman Wednesday forecast a crack down on a black market in rents as he signed the new home rule measure extending rent controls 15 months longer Although it is not as strong as he had asked Mr Truman said passage of the act was a crush about one minute at am but not until am was uninterrupted service renewed No one was reported injured at the plant Spokesmen for the light com pany said the grounding of the two transformers prevented trans mission of 44000 volts of electric ity to the companys West Temple ing defeat for the real estate lobby The president signed the bill substaUon is base into law only a day before the old rent law was due to expire Congress only Tuesday had ap proved the extension after weeks of bitter debate Strong Provisions In a statement issued after the brief signing ceremony at the White House Mr Truman picked out specific provisions which he said strengthens rent controls These are the major ones he cited 1 Authorizing the federal hous Ing expediter to regulate evictions making it possible to curb a black market in rents 2 Empowering the U S rent boss to sue landlords for treble damages on the tenants behalf in case of a rent overcharge 3 Eliminating the m u c h abused procedure permitting so called voluntary leases with rent increases up to The presi dent said this removed the possi bility of coercion by landlords to make tenants sign such leases in the future Joint Effort Result This act he said is the re sult of the joint efforts of the con gress and the administration to find an equitable solution for a difficult problem Mr Truman went on to say that while affording more effective protection to tenants against il legal or unjustified increases the act also facilitates the making of adjustments necessary to correct injustices against landlords He said the provision to give owners a fair net operating in come will be particularly help ful to small landlords who may rot be gettign an adequate rer turn on their investment Equitable Standard Although many congress mem bers objected to this section as being too vague Mr Truman said does not create tively unworkable standard of fair return nor does it mean a general increase for all tenants Rather he said it provides an equitable standard for adjust ments where they are needed Exact operations of this section have not been detailed but Fed eral Rent Expediter Tighe E Woods is expected to clarify this issue in a statement being pre pared for release Thursday On tlie other major controver sial point in the new home rule decontrol Truman urged local authorities to examine all the facts carefully and tp exercise their best judg ment in the interest of all the citi zens in their communities May Scrap Controls Under this section states cities and incorporated municipalities may scrap the federal controls by adopting a resolution to that ef fect and obtaining the governors consent A state also may assume control of rents if the governor certifies that there is an adequate state control on the books However an Associated Press survey of state and city officials across the nation indicated that only a few plan to take advantage of this clause any time soon Most of the governors and mayors queried indicated that such action would be considered only after a study of the new law and not until a locality produced evidence it wished to have the curbs removed One governor Big Jim Fol of Alabama however came out flatly for decontrol He said he was against any kind of price fixing whether by government or big monopolies Cites Black Marl On the matter of rental black markets Woods testified before a house banking committee dur ing hearings on the new bill that such practices were found in numerous cities in the east As an example he said a gov ernment report on actual rents and legal rents in Philadelphia showed An overceiling rent was found for one out of every four units compared The average over charge was 34 above thelegal rent Under the old law only the ten ant could bring suit against a landlord for such overcharges Government officials said few took advantage of this because of fear of eviction The new law not only gives rhe federal rent chief power to har unwarranted evictions but also the old wartime authority to bring suit in the tenants behalf 2UUatauUll wiuku lo uiaiubution point for the Use Emergency During the blackout Tllalk and utilities in the area emergency power supplies and lUjfe craft landed at the Salt Lake nicipal airport by light from tUBs placed along the IlllSPIIBliB V United Air Lines reported m Cargoliner came in during blackout and the Civil administration control tower TJjjjffiSm other aircraft landed but inRMHi not identify Preventive Glen Taylor Will appeal supreme court if necessary New underground cables are ing placed in service by the power tompany to bypass the Jordan plant the spokesman said which Will prevent a recurrence of Trial days difficulty Whether the broken water main was a city line or some other Conduct not known early Thursday water department emergency crews were dispatched to the Jordan plant although they had Comic indication of a city line Ala March 30 The trouble department of A policeman demonstrated P and L said a Jordan river court Wednesday the body line was in that vicinity as that he said Sen Glen as city water mains and that threw on him in an effort might have been the source get into a youth meeting here May via the Negro entrance All Down Town D went on trial disorderly conduct in connec Except where emergency with the inaident The erst systems were available the progressivewee presidential downtown section of Salt pleaded not guilty to all City was thrown into counts of the complaint and Hospitals in the affected area he woyld fight tlie case to the ported they had use of court if necessary to emergency lighting to cover up Jim Crowism in Bir From the top of The Racial Issue Telegram bldg it appeared Extent of the blackout the bench refused repeated north from 2nd South and to admit a racial issue in the from 2nd East Except for Taylor also lost a motion to sional buildings and a few a jury trial and another that signs everything in that area complaint against him be in f 11 P first direct witness to Tay Calls four arrest and subsequent jail Soon after the blackout was patrolman W W Casey oped calls began pouring into recital of the incident cli erators at Mountain States when Taylor and a group phone and Telegraph Co and policemen tripped and sprawled U P and Ls trouble a low fence he had the court ment Operators at the in titters Even Judge George company said flood of calls Bailes laughed behind his those received the night of recent Taylors trial was recessed until City police cars kept a am Thursday after two news alert in the affected area gave descriptions of the the blackout but the police tussle that were sim was off the air during the to Caseys Two privately owned cars kept ZCMI 15 S Main with their headlights during said that he had been in blackout to direct Taylor to an Printing operations of The door if he tried to enter the Lake Tribune came to a marked for Negroes But when Flashlights were the only saw him standing there of light during the officer said the senator Emergency lighting kept forward in a football telephone company building rush and gave him a illuminated and telephone was available throughout this time other officers olackout period Utah Oil up and the melee adjourned ing Co north of the city also the churchyard Casey testi well you still have hold of him Portugal to Sign Montgomery asked Casey LISBON Portugal March had hold of somebody I dont UP Portugal whose whether it was him or not possessions were used by the replied There was a big as bases during the last war of confusion He was still strug nounced officially Wednesday We all tripped over the would sign the North wire a low strand protect the church EMERGENCY Truman Delays Walkout on S P 60 SAN FRANCISCO March delay the strike at Pres Harry S 60 days Moffitt commented Wednesday set up an emergency board will have 30 days in which to conduct hear investigating board postponing starting when it takes threatened strike against Then the union and the Southern Pacifics western will be given another sion for at least SO days to accept or reject recom The strike Saturday at for settling the strike xm PST was announced by v W Moffitt general chairman the recommendations be the Brotherhood of Firemen the brotherhood would Enginemeri of the Southern free to strike at the end of cifics western second 30day period It would involve the said long mediation ses operations in California broke down Tuesday with New Mexico Nevada Utah grievances still unsettled out of Oregon and as far as El Paso 288 grievances when the ses began last December An Within a short time spokesman said the company Truman set up a threeman to arbitrate the unsettled gency board to investigate at the suggestion of media labor dispute The three Patrick D Harvey but the will be named refused ECAFundAx I Gets GOP Demo Favor Taft Wherry Suggest 10 Reduction 12Month Spread WASHINGTON March 30 A powerful Republican drive to cut down on multibilliondollar American aid to Europe developed in the senate Wednesday Some Democratic support was also ap parent Led by Sens Robert A Taft R O and Kenneth S Wherry R the GOP economy moves ranged from 10 to nearly cash reduction pro posals Administration leaders are fight ing for the full re quested by the Economic Coopera tion administration the Marshall plan agency for the next 15 months Asks 10 Slash Taft asked a 10 slash He was backed by Sen Richard B Russell D Then Wherry GOP floor leader proposed that the EGA bill be cut to with the money to be spread over a 12 month period instead of 15 months EC A had asked for the next three months 000000 for the following 12 months and in long term contract authority Wherrys amendment would wipe out both the for the next three months and the contract authoriza total of It would also trim or 15 off the funds for the fiscal year 1950 beginning July 1 Cites Production Gains Wherry told the senate that the Marshall plan nations are ncjw up to prewar levels industrially and in some things above prewar production and he said In view of the uncertainties of our own domestic situation as well as the general world situation it Would be wiser for congress to take another look at E C A a year from now instead of 15 months from now Nobody can predict with cer tainty what the economic situa tion in the United States will be a yearfrom now fie said this in goods plus the he proposes for thecoming year will actually give Europe a total of in aid Majority Leader Scott Lucas I told newsmen he planned o keep the senate inseision until about 6 pm EST Wednesday night Pact Basis of West Unity Bevin Avers in Capital Idaho Faces Mate Poison Count 30 Mrs Lottie Ashdown 38yearold trained nurse Wednesday night Was ar ranged on first degree murder charges in connection with her husbands1 poison death Canyon county Sheriff Ray Luekenga an nounced She was arraigned before Jus lice of the Peace H E Bradley the sheriff said charged with he strychnine death of her 45 yearold rancher husband Vivian Ashdown March 21 The arraignment came after lours of questioning by the sher ff W W Wander Canyon county prosecuting attorney and sher ffs deputies During the course of the grilling Mrs Ashdown broke down and told the officers she lad sprinkled strychnine on her lusbands hamburger because of his cruelty to me and my chil dren Arrested in S L The death occurred a week ago Monday Mrs Ashdown was ar rested early Tuesday in Salt Lake ity by Leukenga Wander Owy lee county Deputy Sheriff Frank 3rr and Special Agent Jerry Mathews of the Union Pacific rail road She was picked up just as she was getting off a passenger train at the Salt Lake union depot Wednesday morning Wander read newsmen snatches of a con fession he said she had signed The confession dealt in great de tail v with the method by which she administered the lethal toxin Poisoned Hamburger She told officers she sprinkled the strychnine on Aahdowns ham burger the afternoon of March21 in a hamburger stand near Nampa I then drove him through Caldwell and on towards our home near Homedale laid she toldthem her husband had been drinking heav ily fill Monday afternoon and was nearly stupified by drink when she administered the poison After leaving Caldwell I drove to the Snake river bridge she wasquoted by Wandaas saying When we got to the bridge I threw both the strychnine and e S Coiunm 6 Arrives for Signing Rites After EggTomato Siege WASHINGTON March 30 Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin having run an eggandtomato barragein New York arrived in Washington Wednesday to join Secy of State Dean G Acheson and 10 other foreign ministers in signing the north Atlantic treaty here next Monday The pact he told reporters atUnion station will mean the creation of real solidarity of the west and will provide the basis for peace for a very long time Signing of the treaty by all 12 of the nations considered qualified for membership was assured only N Y Welcome Wasnt So Cordial British Ambassador Sir Oliver Franks left greets British Foreign Secy Ernest Bevin upon his arrival In Washington Wednesday by to participate in signing of North Atlantic defense alliance Syrian Government Falls Wednesday morning when Ice lands parliament approved that countrys membership and the foreign office at Lisbon announced definitely that Portugal would join 500 Pickets March Bevin came to the capital im mediately after reaching New York aboard the great liner Queen Mary More than 500 pickets marched near the pier as the big ship was tied up alongside They noisily protested Bevins Palestine policies and when iisally he left the pier for Pennsylvania station I eggs and tomatoes were hurled from the crowd at his car Police here took careful precau tions against a repetition of any such incidents More than a score were on hand when his train pulled in and they roped off an area around his specialrailway car While it is the Atlantic treaty signing which is bringing the bulky Briton and 10 foreign of fice chiefs to Washington this week Acheson made clear at a State department news conference Wednesdaythat the scope of the work which will be done in an extraordinary series of conferences Fiscal Brains ri n Say rice Cuts1 30 Syrian government was overthrown in faBiuirisecoup by the armyWednesday Pres Shukfi Alkuwatly Premier Khar lid AlAthiand other arrested The coup was bloodless and ex cept for a lone attempt by Com munists at Aleppo to oppose it Without incident Wednesday evening the army is rt control Strong pa j guard all street intersections and foreign legations Artillery is postedat strategically important spots including thevicinity of the air field Traffic Blocked The city is quiet but no pedes trians or automobiles areper mittcd on the streetswithout written authorization from army headquarters The frontiers have been sealed No automobiles are permitted across them except those carrying diplomats or authorized represen tatives of neighboring Arab coun tries Pres Kuwatly is being held at El Mezze army hospital in the Damascus suburbs New leaders under Gen Hossni Zaim army commander in chief are reported to be trying to get his official resignation so they can start picking out a hew presi dent Under Arrest Premier AlAzm and others in cluding several members of parlia ment are under arrest Opposition members of parlia ment met Wednesday evening to discuss the situation The coup caused temporary suspension of talks by the gov ernment with United States Ma rifle corps Brig Gen William E failed 146 to S6 Nations to start peace talks with Israel pending the formation of a govern J AllJeaders cbiip are rev jpiited localpolitical circles believe Comi are not nected with the coup Capable Leader Gen Zaim is regarded in foreign military circles as a capable mili tary leader who managed what iB possibly the first bloodless coup in recent middle eastern history Zaim instructed all government departments tocontinue work as usual Thursday morning Hoiise Passes Interior Bill WASHINGTON March 30 The house passed and sent to the senate Wednesday a interior department appropriation bjli after a brief skirmish over public power expansion An effort byRep BenP Jen sen R curb expansion of the power facilities of the in terior department was blocked by a technicality as the bilr cleared the house by a voice vote with only minor changes Jensens amendment to prohibit interior department agencies from enlarging power facilities in north western states without prioap proval of the governor orutility commission of the state affected was ruled out of order An attempt to amendthe bill to limit Bohne ville power administrationopera tions in Washington and Montana during the next 10 broader than that days is far Two Tough Issues told reporters he would talk witli tlie visiting officials about Any subject theywant tobring up and listed two tough setsof prob lems sure to arise There are I Tighter coordination of the policies of the western powers to ward western Germany and es pecially the formationpfra wiesterh German government in general the United States and Britain favor giving the German people greater responsibilities for their own affairs and greater oppor tunity for development of peace ful industry than do the French 2 Disposition of Italys colonies The essential issue here is whether Italy shouldbe permitted to ad minister some or all the colonies under a United Nations trustee ship arrangement and if not who should Reports Steady Progress Acheson also reported steady progress ondevelopment of a pro gram of American arms aid to the Atlantic pact and other nonCom munist countries He named Lloyd V Berkner as a special assistant to manage the proposed aid if and when congress approves the pro to cost about the first year Berk ner now connected with the Car negie institution was formerly executive secretary of the joint research and development board a government agency which pro motes scientific developments in the military field Acheson said he would see Bevin Thursday and also expects to meet during the day with the Nether lands foreign minister D U Stik ker Other conferences with the representatives of the other pact powers will follow in short order The keynote of peace through the treaty which Bevin souhdied both here and in New also dominated the comments of other foreign ministerswho arrived with him aboard the Queen Mary It See Page S Column 4 WASHINGTON March 30 of the administrations top bracket financial experts Wednesday that current price ad iustments are a healthysign of continued prosperity provided citizens dont get panicky The two Edwin G Bourse chairman of the Whita louse council of economic advisers and Secy of Treasury John W at separate news conferences This is the way Snyder put itr for the last three it has jeen our aim and goal to halt in flation and adjust prices Now when we are approaching the outer fringes of accomplishing that foal I see no need toget panicky spmeof our people are Ithink we can be assureel were going to have cpntmuedprosperity There have been some adjustnierts which I consider healthyaiidl fUl Nourse who has just returned from a months crosscountry tour surveying economic said he found nothing on the trip to change his diagnosis that the TAFTHARTLEY LAW POLL 42 Favor 43 Against WASHINGTON March 30 A F L reported Wednesday that a nosecount ing shows that the senate as of now is lined up 43 to 42 against repeal of the TaftHartley labor law with 11 senators listed as doubt The union which is fightingfor repeal of the act did not announce any figures on how the house may stand But some south ern Democrats are claiming they can muster enough house support toblock repeal The results of the A1L given to a closeddoor meeting here o 150 legislative representatives and spokesmen of American Federation of Labor unions They will meet again Thursday to lay plans for the 1950 congressional elections The A F L and CIO already have announced they will try to defeat senators and repre sentatives who refuse to fo along with Pres Harry S Trumans request to repeal the labor law The senate and house labor committees have approved an administration repealer which would restore the old Wagner labor relations act with added safeguards against secondary boycotts and jurisdictional disputes The house bill now is before the house rules committee Rep Howard Smith D Va who backed the TaftHartley law originally suggested the rules committee give the house a chance to vote on therepealer on a takeitorleaveit basis V He that best way to determine whether members really favor birig the law off the books The rules com mittee could pave the way for an nothing test by approving a rule blocking amendments price I found no sense of panic hit said but rather a realistic facing of local problems in lumber chip ping and other industries j He confirmed reports that he had submitted his resignation as chairman of the economic advisory council a couple of months ago but said he plans to stay on the job ks far as Ive Vinson Urges 6 Billion Hike in Arms WASHINGTON March 30 UP Carl Vinson louse armed services committee asked congress Wednesday toin crease Pres Harry S Trumans 1950 budget Requests the armed services by in the interest of national security Disagreel Truman on ing i de sharply with Mr fense policy he said the presidents reduction mil itary expenditures endangered the national safety and that itis time for congress to losk t6Jwfjoint chiefsor staff au thoritative source dn defense problems PW Rock Bottom Mlaimum In a statement inserted in the V congressional Record the Georgia Democrat said the chiefs had set as a rockbot tom minimum forthearmynavy and air forcefor the noct fiscal year Mr Truman asked congress for only 514765000000 son urged that it be increased to We can ill afford to ignore the views of the joint chiefs of staff le said v Here is how Vinsons proposals would affect the three branchss of the service V Air force the Joint chiefs asked Tru man granted Vin son would give the servict extra fSOOQOpoOfcsTlMi air was forging ahead with iajflve year 70group plane buUdiBjrl ram when Mr Trumans tion forced a cutback fromHfto 48 groups The houst toM and sent to the authorizing a aU Army tho joint chief s request from 515575 000000 to wouldadd idents reduction forcMi to reduce its 668 men on Jan 311 planes since tprirtiiCTts tydacSi to pod Vinion WOtiM the funds Won Inearitthe only 843 tht 1700 it wanU
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