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Salt Lake Tribune: Monday, March 28, 1949 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 28, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                RADIO NEWS im am pm Intermountaln Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Partly cloudy north touth Monday cooler Details OB Pago IS VOL 158 NO 165 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH MONDAY MORNING MARCH 28 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS George Asks U S Delay Arming West Fears ERPCrippling Taft Questions Wisdom of Project WASHINGTON March 27 Walter F George D Ga Sunday urged a one year delay in the U S program to help rearm antiCommunist Europe lest it cause the fright ful mistake of crippling the Marshall European recovery plan At the same time Sen Robert A Taft R who is driving to cut the Marshall plan by more than 1000000000 questioned the wisdom of strength ening free Europes ground forces in this day of globecircling bomb VICTORY FOR WEST ers Senate Resumes Debate The senate resumes debate on the Marshall plan bill Monday It has become entagled in floor de bate with the north Atlantic se curity alliance and its accompany ing U S arms aid program rais ing prospects of a bitter battle before all the issues finally are settled The arms aid plan would cost the first year and would be used to build up exist ing ground forces in Britain France Belgium and other nations signatory to the security treaty The security pact is to be signed in historic ceremonies here April 4 with Pres Harry S Truman delivering a major address Soon thereafter Secy of State Dean G Acheson will lay the arms plan before congress Done Great Good The recovery program has done a great deal of good said George a member of the senate foreign relations committee I dont want to see it weakened by any military program Wed better leave the arms program alone until we get one more year of European re covery accomplished Through economic cooperation administration we already are helping Europe to rearm by aiding in the reconstruction of her pro ductive mines her railroads things essential in both war and peace It would be a frightful mistake to weaken those efforts now Taft said he wants more infor mation on what the arms plan means He added that the pro gram plus possible commitments under the security pant to use mil lions of American troops overseas might prove of little use in event of war because ways of making war have changed Downed Fliers Hike Safely To Roosevelt Tribune Special ROOSEVELT Duchesne Coun ty March here Sunday after a 40mile hike over the rocky deeply cut Green river basin country were Joseph E Ted Olpin 24 and Mrs Jerry Mills 22 both of Roosevelt who were forced down on a flight from the airport here Saturday Mr Olpin said he made a forced landing on a small level spot in the rugged terrain some 80 miles south of here Saturday at pm when carburetor of the two place Ercoupe froze Plane Nosed Over The crafts wheels buckled in the landing nosing it over but neither he nor his passenger was injured They immediately started on foot toward RooseveltNand about pm took shelter for the night in a gully Cold and wind were intense after the sun went down Mr Olpin said and al though the journey was miserable we never doubted that we would get back all right Signals Not Seen Our main concern was for our families they said Sunday about 7 am they spotted a rescue plane and climbed to the top of a knoll to signal it but evidently their efforts were obscured by confus ing topography of the area They continued on foot and later in the morning reached Pleasant valley 40 miles soutf of here and were brought here by a rancher arriving in Roose velt Sunday about am Some 16 planes from Price Ver nal Duchesne and Roosevelt had joined in the search The plane in which Mr Olpin and Mrs Mills were flyingwas owned by the Roosevelt Flying service Howard Dennis operator of the service flew over scene of the forced landing Sunday but said he had no definite plans yet for bringing tht ship back Italy Senate Okehs Part in Alliance ROME Italy March 27 senate Sunday night approved participation in the Atlantic pact and backed it up by rejecting Communist demands that Italy sign a friendship and nonaggression treaty with Russia and her satellites As Premier Alcide De Gasperi won final parliamentary approval of the pact in a long Sunday session that ended at 10 pm 4 pm Foreign Minister Count Carlo Sforza left for Washington to sign the west Alcide de Gasperi Spurs Italy acceptance of Atlantic compact Full Congress Action Seen On Rent Snag WASHINGTON March 27 Racing time conferees from both branches of congress will try again Monday to smash a deadlock over rent control legislation If they fail the scrap will go to the full senate and house The joint congressional commit tee trying to work out a com promise is stalemated over how to handle possible rent increases After hours of argument Satur day house members flatly turned down senators ideas for modify ing a provision in the house bill designed to assure landlords a reasonable return on the reason able value of their property Calling for Increases In exchange for a revision of that section the senate conferees offered to junk a provision in the senate bill calling for some rent increases up to Sen Burnet R Maybank D S C said the senate group still is willing to do The present rent control law ex pires Thursday hence the need for speed Any agreement finally reached by the conference com mittee still would have to be rati fied by the senate and house before a compromise bill could go to the White House The rent increase provision is the only difference between the separate bills passed by the house and senate which remains unsef tled Home Rule Provision The conferees have agreed on a 15month extension of federal rent controls through June 30 1950 They also have adopted a rule decontrol provision would let states cities home which towns and villages get rid of rent controls any time the state gover nor approved Compromises also have been reached on other differences Rep Brent Spencer D chief of the house conferees will call his group together Monday morning a half hour before the joint committee reconvenes He predicted to a reporter that the louse members will work out something then which will be ac ceptable to the senators Maybank head of the senate roup said he is willing to spend an hour or so in a fresh attempt to reach an agreement ern defense alliance Red Votes Drop Italys Communists and their fellow travelers the leftwing So cialists failed to muster as many votes on the proposed treaty Russia as they had an hour earlier on the issue of the Atlantic pact The senate voted for the Atlantic treaty 188 to 112 The Communist motion on treaties with the Soviet union and eastern Europe was de feated 176 to 105 The chamber of deputies ap proved the Atlantic pact 342 to 170 on March 18 after a bitter 50hour Communist filibuster which ended in a brawl between leftists and rightists on the chamber floor The Communist maneuver in the senate was in the same diehard spirit that characterized the cham ber fight a week ago Presents Russ Plan Presented by SenMauro Scocct marro Communist exminister of finance the motion read If the Atlantic pact is truly aimed toward peace as De Gasperi claims Italy must immediately sign a friendship and nonaggres sion pact with Russia and other countries of the popular democ racies De Gasperi himself concluded the senate debate amidst Communist hoots and howls as he denounced them for preaching desertion in event of war Communist hoots and catcalls in terrupted him constantly but there was no violence such as the fist fight that broke out last week between a Communist and an anti Communist Vote Backs De Gasperi The senate vote also was a vote of confidence in De Gasperi who personally has led the fight to link Italy with democratic nations of Europe and America in a mutual defense agreement Only 308 senators were present for the treaty vote and of those eight abstained including Vittorio Emanuele Orlando 88 sole sur vivor of the Big Four of World War I and 80yearold liberal poli tician and expremier Francesco Nitti The governments majority of 76 was slightly higher than observers had expected apparently because of the absence of some Communists and Socialists The senates full roster is 344 As De Gasperi closed the debate more than 100 Christian Democrat rallies were held throughout Italy to explain the pact and Italys reasons for joining It was the Sunday mat political rallies Hu consecuive antiCommunist overshadowed leftist meetings Reds Walt Orders The Communists apparently wet e waiting for new orders The central commtitee will meet here Monday The partys executive board held a secret session last week to plan the agenda The Catholic premier was inter rupted constantly by Communist hecklers who shouted protests dur ing a one hour and 20 minute speech in supporting Italian nego tiations to join the pact He warned that opponents of the pact who asked neutrality for Italy were following a foolish line and said Italy could not hope to avoid becoming involved in any future conflict The premier disclosed that he had asked Washington for a formal statement as to whether Atlantic pact membership would require Italy to cede military bases to for eign powers He said The mostauthoritative American circles replied that in time of peace all powers were agreed that the question of mili tary bases would not arise World Rule Aspirants Ire Soviet Composer At Least the Food Pleased Him While pickets chant outside Dmitri Shostakovich Russian composer pays full justice to food served at world peace conference banquet In speech to internation group he attacked aspirants to world rule Southern Tornadoes Toll Hits 28 Dead 200 Hurt LITTLE ROCK Ark March 27 areas in six southern states Sundaypunched and pot shotted by tornadic disturbances over the week end Sunday night counted their dead at 28 their injured at nearly 200 and their homeless in the scores Property losses were mounting The snakelike trail of death and havoc that began in Louisiana and Mississippi Thursday night ended in Mississippi and Tennessee Saturday night after slashing at Texas and Oklahoma and lacing a diagonal path across Arkansas during the day Growing List Tennessee joined the growing list of states thumped by storms when a twister clipped Troy little northwest Tennessee town Sat urday night and Ripley Saturday The twister might have been the one that pummeled Arkansas Several persons were jnjured and heavy damage was reported at Troy 10 miles from Union City Four persons were hurt at Ripley The Red Cross announced in Washington that it had made a preliminary allocation of RESCUE NEAR NavyCatalina Forced Down HONOLULU March 27 A navy P B Y Catalina flying boat made a forced landing on the open sea 650 miles southwest of John ston island Sunday The pilot ra dioed that the landing was made without damage to the plane or njury to any of the 11 men aboard Naval headquarters reported the plane was riding well in a light sea Two ships were in the imme diate vicinity A navy announcement said the forced landing was made at pm H S T pm P S T while he plane was en route to Johnston sland where it was to be turned n by squadron VR23 for a newer ship According to the navy announce ment the men were expected to stay aboard the plane rather than take to the life rafts The freighter A K Grainger was reported 40 miles from the scene and a second vessel a landing ship was 25 miles to the southwest SPECIAL WASHINGTON LAW Solons May Lose Rent Armor WASHINGTON March 27 UP Members of congress were threatened Sunday with a raise in their own rents because they wrote a District of Columbia rent control law giving the capital much more protection than the real of the nation The threat was raised by Sen Joseph R McCarthy R who announced he will seek to amend the capitals separate rent extension bill to conform with the national measure I think its silly to have one law for the nation here for niembers and another of congress their families and their staff em ployes he said There are some indications Mc Carthy may succeed in forcing his plan through the senate which is slated to take up the houseap proved districtrent extension bill early this week Some top Demo cratic leaders have indicated pri vately it will be difficult to hold out for a stronger bill for the capital than for the nation at large if McCarthy puts them on the spot McCarthys plan would hit con gressmen like this The compromise national rent extension bill worked out by sen atehouse conferees would restore ceilings on hotel apartments in cities of 2500000 and over This leaves out WMhington D C The houseapproved D C rent extension bill however would con tinue ceilings on hotel apartments in the capital If McCarthy succeeds in making the Washington law conform to the national bill ceilings will im mediately go off local hotel apart ments which are living quarters here for a large part of the mem bership of both the house and senate amendments to the D C rent law presumably will include removal of criminal prose cutions of violators which has been knocked out of the national bill and whatever provision for reasonable return for landlord goei into tbe national bill to aid the stormstricken Fifteen disaster workers in the area re ported that at least 300 homes had been wrecked or damaged Rocked the heaviest apparently was Arkansas where 17 persons perished and at least 98 were hurt The casualty toll for the five other states for the 48hour period Tennessee Several injured Mississippi Eight dead 48 in jured Oklahoma Two dead 20 injured Texas One dead 26 injured Louisiana One injured Known Dead Of the known dead for the 48 hour period between the first and the last wallops 22 were victims of Saturdays twisters Six of the Mississippi fatalities occurred Thursday night and the one in Texas occurred Friday Hardesthit area in Arkansas was the rich plantation section around England 30 miles southeast of Little Rock where 14 died and 52 were injured A mother and two small children died in one place a mother and three children in another The tornado described by some survivors as sounding like a thun dering freight train and looking like a great white mass of boil ing clouds bashedin the sturdy aiUaciive homes of cotton growers and more modest homes of cotton pickers with equal ease More tragic results were averted as the storms leapfrogged or by passed larger cities in or near their paths They dipped to the ground to baiter only small rural villages The exception was El Paso Tex where a high wind blew a painter from a roof and to his death Saturdays Blow First to feel the fury of Satur days blows were Springtown and Eastland Tex and Crowder Okla Two were killed at Crowder Then Arkansas fell victim to what the U S weather bureau said probably was one twister which kept going until it had cut diag onally across the state First of the Arkansas communi ties lashed was Whelen Springs a tiny lumber mill town in the south west corner of the state One woman was killed and 12 persons were injured there Next the funnellike blow dipped down in the England area Most of the deaths in this section occurred at Bredloe Corner 10 miles west of England An area just north of England also was hard hit Mad Dance MiddleRoad Parties Top French Ballot Coalition Gets Lead De Gaullists Gain Communists Slide PARIS Monday March 28 middleroad coalition of par ties that govern France won al most 70 of the offices at stake in Sundays election final returns disclosed Monday But the government of Premier Henri Queuille found that the op position represented by Gen Charles De Gaulles supporters remained a major political force The complete tabulation gave the parties in the coalition 544 of 783 general councillor posts at stake De Gaulles French peoples party won 219 pbsts the greatest number by any single party The Communists made a poor showing with 20 posts Large Rural Vote Much of the voting was in rural areas and small towns The Com munists great strength is in Paris and the larger cities which did not take part in Sundays balloting In many cases De Gaullists and government forces combined to make certain the antiCommunist candidatewas elected The balloting was in cantonal runoff elections for 785 places on departmental councils throughout the country March 20 723 such posts were won by candidates with outright majorities A plurality is enough to win Monday The stayathome voters of March 20 turned out in large num bers Early reports from the larg est provincial heavier voting when roughly a third of the reg istered voter did not ballot Favors Coalition Neutral observers agreedthat the increased turnout meant a larger vote for coalition nominees The Communists and Gen Charles De Gaulles French Peoples Rally which oppose the govern ment and each other brought out nearly their full strength last week They used well organized party machines Lyon third largest French city Nad 3000 more votes cast at noon than at the same time last week Marseille and Bordeaux reported similar increases The dance storm continued its mad northeastward striking Hazen Tipp Wiville Balch Beede ville Fairoak and Bull Town There was one fatality at Balch Swirling winds battered Missis sippi again Saturday night State Adj Gen William P Wilson said four communities near Tupelo in the northeast section were struck Tupelo escaped One fatality was reported at Chesterville and an other at Belden There were a few casualties and some property damage at Mt Vet non Unity Friendship and Pales tine thelatter two near Baldwyn Miss Osaka Riot Hurts 30 TOKYO March 27 UP The Kyodo news sgency reported 30 persons were injured Sunday when police broke up a riotous Com munistsponsored labor rally at Osaka Twenty demonstrator were arrested centers showed than last week B26 Hits Jap Peak Crew Feared Dead TOKYO Monday March 28 fP U S air force B26 light bomber with four men aboard crashed into Fujiyama Japans highest mountain lateSunday A helicopter sighted the wreckage Monday but saw no sign of Sur vivors Maj Harold Steward of El Paso Tex public information officer of the First cavalry division re ported spotting of the wreckage Dy a helicopter from an airsea res cue unjt The helicopter pilot saw parts of the bomber scattered all over the mountain Steward said Ground parties expected to reach the scene Monday afternoon Buck Raging Storm Two ground groups were buck ng a raging snowstorm on their way up the whiteclad 12388ft coneshaped mountain that is a tourist landmark in Japan One group includes 20 Japanese moun taineers The other includes Japa nese policemen A big B17 bomber which had been aiding in the search came sack and landed after running into the storm The B26 crashed on a routine flight from Misawa airbase on northern Honshu to Komaki air base in the south of the big island Sights Bomber Wreckage First Lt Charles Cover Zanes ville O pilot of the helicopter said the bombers wreckage was at the 9500ft level He said he had to come down through the clouds to spot it The search was touched off by two soldiers of the First cavalry division stationed near the moun tain Cpl Gilbert Langley Oak ville Tenn and Pfc Thomas E iVood Burnet Tex saw the plane Sunday afternoon and heard it crash a few minutes later Ground parties are being di rected by 1st Lt Thomas H Siiy dam Columbia 8 C from Camp McNair First cavalry training bate at tht foot oX Fujiyama Shostakovichs Acid Attack Ends Peace Conference NEW YORK March 27 Shostakovich Russian composer asserted Sunday new aspirants to world domination were feverishly arming themselves for mass of people With special ardor the yare perfecting new of weapons he told a fine arts panel meeting of the cultural and scientific conference lot worid peace They build military bases thousands of miles from their frontiers they trample upon Inter national obligations and treaties designed to bring peace Pacts of Peace They reject proposals for con cluding pacts of peace and they systematically and with premedi tation wage campaigns of lies and slander in order to prepare public opinion for the transition from the socalled cold war to outright aggression Shostakovich a diminutive man with a high pitched voice did not dentify the new aspiranta to world domination The fine arts panel at which he spoke was one of two on the third and final day of the international conference which has been jeered by pickets and bitterly renounced by its foes as Communist inspired Conference sponsors have denied charges that the meeting ia Com munist dominated Not ProCommunist The conference wound up Its panel sessions in the afternoon with a speech by A A Fadeev the head of the Soviet delegation and a wild response to his speech which dissipated the contention that this was not a proCommunist affair Fadeev head of the Soviet Writ ers union sharply denied tiheasser tion of ah American college pro fessor that Russia was as much to blame as the United States lor the current drift toward war Hewas obviously irked by the statement of Dr Frederick L Schuraan pro fessor of political science at Wil liams college who had said both nations were suffering their own faults by shouting warmonger at the other Denies War Wish r i Fadeev said he was astonished at certainaspects of Schumana speech and asserted there areno elements in our country whichde sire war against the United States any other country His defense of the Soviet union brought a wildly enthusiastic re sponse from the crowd of S500 gathered in the WaldorfAstoria wtel for a plenary Vesirioir which was the last meeting of the parley except for mass rallyin Madison Square Garden Sunday night After Schuman had spoken Fa deev hurried to the microphone and spoke extemporaneously Stand Henry A Wallace Defends Russ attack on West nation pact Wallace Views Treaty Act Of Aggression NEW YORK March 27 Henry A Wallace charged Sun day that the Atlantic pact is an act of aggression against Russia The Atlantic pact this war alliance moves the heart of America right up to the muzzle of the first gun fired in Europe And it commits us without the right of deciding for ourselves to another European war Wallace said He spoke on a nationwide hook up over the Columbia Broadcast ing system in reply to Secy of State Dean eAchesons defense of he pact over the air last March 18 Lucky for TJ S Wallace charged that if the United States had had a treaty like he Atlantic pact in the far east we would now be at war with Russia on the Asiatic mainland But our American luck was with us inChina For there was no pact binding us to Chiang Kai shek Supposing the Soviets had mil itary bases on the Mexican bor der he asked The Canadian border Or Cuba Could the treaty which put guns in our faces be called a pact of peace Has it ever happened in the world that the massing of armed men brought peace Has it hot always brought war To call theAtlantic pact a peaceful thing is hyprocisy and nothing less Quotes Dulles Wallace quoted John Foster Dulles leading Republican foreign policy spokesman as saying that no responsible official the United States believes that Russia plans military aggression If Mr Dulles is right and I think he does not plan military aggression to surround them with mil itary bases becomes an act of ag gression on our part The road to peace is not lined with military bases The road to bankruptcy is I am a guest in your country ut Iknow that you would want me o speak frankly on this matter Schumanis mistaken There re no elements in our country which desire war against the he United States or any other ountry Thesession passed two resolu lons after booing down a man who ose from the audience to ask who was speaking for the United States at the man Harlow Shapely Harvard ronomer ruled him out of order laying he wanted to keep passion mt of this The first resolution called for strengthening the United Nations as thebest hope for peace and for cooperation by this group With other peace movements through out the world A second resolution whose pre amble denounced race discrimina tion antiSemitism the trial of lolitical groups and other barbs obviously aimed at the United States called for cultural free dom Slicing of Germany Viewed Major Diplomatic Bliinder BERLIN March 27 sixpower agreement to snip 52 square miles off of Germany in western boundary changes was viewed Sunday by many compe tent sources here as a major dip lomatic blunder The informants said they felt a delicate situation was badly handled particularly in the matter of timing The United States Britain France Belgium the Netherlands and Luxembourg agreed to the changes The territory Germany will lose will go to the Nether ands Belgium Luxembourg France and the Saar In return for minor technical gains which cannot decisively af lect the economyof any of the countries receiving German ter ritory the western powers in the opinion of the sources here have the following IOMM I 1 They have undermined their own position in relation with that of the Russians Previously western held that the ure of a large area of eaaterif Germany by Russia and Poland was illegal since all border ehahgea must wait a peace treaty Now they have done what they icized Russia for dolnf in east V 2 They have given German Communists a hew propaganda weapon with which to attack the west Communist newBpapert in Berlin charged Sunday that the western border changes were thievery and 3 The western powers fanned German nationalist firee at the very time when every effort is being made to beat down nationalism in favor of   

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