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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 23, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intmnountain Network Station KAU Thrtnich Frlrtav VOL 15S NO 160 WEATHER Uecrpasinjj cloudiness and showers Wednesday Details on Page 27 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH WEDNESDAY MORNING MARCH 23 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS House Stalls Vote On Yet Pension Issue Unsettled as Lawmakers Vote Yes Then No on Bill WASHINGTON March 22 fate of the Rankin mullibilliondollar veterans pension bill was still up in the air Tuesday night after the house voted yes and then no on a proposal to kill it The yes vote was off the record the no vote was on a ROLL CALL How Utahns In House Voted Senate Okehs Stale Rent Curb Control Lucas Pushes Ballot Of Compromise Sees Vote Tonight i recorded publicly After five hours of debate and j maneuvering the issue remained I unchanged But the legislative j footwork left the house rather c I breathless from skipping back and Sen Arthur Says forth on both sides of the ques Sgressors face destruction j tion The result was that the chamber j put off until Wednesday a final j vote on what to do about veterans j pensions WASHINGTON March 22 is how members of the a Utah congressional delegation O O Mis Monthly Pensions The controversy centers around by Rep John Rankin D to givp veterans of both voted Tuesday on roll calls in the of senate and house of representsjneed or disability his tives measure the only eligibility re i t t On a house motion to strike the irement 90 days service in either j Sen Arthur HVandenberg R j would give only states that power of the two world wars and a dis Mich Tuesday warned WASHINGTON March 22 UP senate Tuesday night over rode administration recommenda tions and voted to let town and city governments abolish rent controls in their areas if the state governor approves I The 45 to 35 vote crossed party I lines j It followed an hour of stormy debate on the amendment offered by Sen J William Fulbright D He called it a compromise between the house local option j decontrol provision and the senate states rights proposal Decontrol Provisions The house bill would allow state county or municipal governments to end rent controls within their jurisdiction at any time The WASHINGTON March 22 UP senate banking committee bill Policy Maker Vows Real Pact Support enacting clause of the Rankin pen trs a charge other than dishonorable sion tulbnghts amendment would For the motion Bosone and Granger Democrats cost On a motion to recommit the yearswith the annual cost ris Rankin pension to by the year For the motion Bosone and j Granger aggressor nations that they face destruction if a single one of the i AEC Will Build antic Test Unit Near Arco WASHINGTON March 22 atomic energy commission announced Tuesday it has selected a 400000acre area in southern Idaho near Pocatello as the site for a new national testing station for atomic reactors to produce useful propulsion power and energy The commission disclosed that after surveying a number of sites throughout the United States it decided that the most suitable location for the reactor testing installation is the area in the Snake river plains of Idaho 55 miles northwest of Poca tello which includes the now inactive navy ordnance proving ground Negotiations are underway with i the navy for the transfer of the BOMBSHELL 173000acrc proving ground to the commission the AEC said Of the 400000 acres which the new test facility will cover all but about acres is government owned land Testing Facility The AEC said that the new installation will essentially be a testing facility for the entire national reactor development pro gram which over the next five or six years will involve the expendi ture of at least 5500000000 Re actor research and development The senate Republican foreign policy spokesman unqualifiedly session when the rent act is ex tended The amendment was the first naval proving ground Blackfnot rail division point for Ami Pocatello naval ordnance plant location and Idaho Falls major setback for the administra So after this measure was put indorsed the mutual defense treaty tion n T for debate Tuesrtav hu u T lts to keep intact Sen Thomas voted against the moved to strike out the enactinglease arms program to back it up amendment Riving cities and towns key part of a bill the power to remove rent con which would put it into effect if trols in states where governors approved approve Sen Watkins voted for the amendment House Okelis A F Goal Of 70 Units Tellers Desks The members then marched by the tellers desks with 163 lined up on the yes side and 154 on the other On such votes there is no tabulation of how each member casts his ballot Urges Complete Study Vandenberg also urged that both congress and the public study j senate will Pushes Bill Action Immediately after the vote Senate Democratic Leader Scott W Lucas of Illinois announced the the treaty fully so that all its im1 Wednesday until action on the bill Gem Slates New Key Area Approximate site of the 25milesqiiare area selected for atomic reactor plant is shaded area in vicinity of Taber Ida Kev points i commission said will continue in the projected development are Arco center of iat installations such as the Argonne national laboratory in Chicago which is the major center for the reactor program 6000 Building Jobs The test station to be built in Idaho will compare in area with the Hanford plutonium production cente on the Columbia river in the state of Washington the com mission said At the peak of con struction the AEC announced 6000 workers are expected to be employed When the installation is Senate Slaps Lewis Votes Boyd Approval 50 to 11 WASHINGTON March 22 he Lewis wants is bad Milli remain in session j Defying John L Lewis opposition i kin said Therefore anything he iofirti1 4Vm tVlR nnn I wrant it rrnnrl Idaho Elated At Gaining Atom Station plications are realized and the nation is prepared to live up to its provisions He described the pact as the is completed Tuesday night conI does not want is good firmed Dr James Boyd as director 2 Carroll then offered a motion i bcst bet to keeP the Peace and to send the bill back to the vetas the most important step in erans committee for further study It must then go to conference j of tlle Bureau of Mines The vote for adjustment of differences was 30 to H tween house and senate versions tt was Party in protest against Present controls expire March 31 Boyds appointment by Pres This time a roll call vote was The administration survived its test wnen tne chamber de ePUbiCanSponsored American foreign policy since Monroe doctrine Such a steP he said mitil and 187 voted for it i De tflken only with the solemnityl The house overrode Pres Harry 3 The Rankin bmg ihm Qf a national conviction S Truman s budget recommenda called for a ro showdown i Then he gave his interpretation tions Tuesday and overwhelmingly j on the first votfi tQ wnat the pact means to all approved a bill authorizing the ollt the enacli I nations joining it force to continue building to I I ward 70group strength More Sideswnpping j Means United Front The measure passed by a roll Again there was a flurry of It means that if another armed call vote of 39u to 3 now goes to sideswapping When all the names aggressor threatens any or all of the senate where it is expected to had been put on the j us with World War of us get a generally favorable recep had voted against the WU forthwith unite to stop the tion It does not nut up any cash first Carroll motion and 120 for aggression before it becomes uni That must be provided in a scpa it thus reversing the earlier non versal and to defeat it before a rate money bill j recorded tally i universal conquest It would however freeze exist Finally the house got around to Harry S Truman that Lewis last week called more than 425000 miners out the pits for two weeks That action resulted in the controls already removed shut down of practically all mines This amendment by Sen John east of tne Mississippi with the 22 Douglas Boyd sixyearold son of Dr James Boyd whose nomination as director of the Bureau of Mines was confirmed by the senate Tues day night in Washington had this in ployes about 2000 cm including scientists and technicians probably will be re quired Nuclear Reactors Nuclear reactors which were developed from the wartime work By Tribune Itrcinnnl Siaff Foreseeing a new era of indus trial growth for southern Idaho effect of which would be felt over a wide area of the intermountain west Idahoans Tuesday greeted jubilantly the atomic energy com missions decision to build an atomic reactor plant between Blackfoot and Arco What the project means in new population new industries new temporary resident and new permanent residents was subject of only vague comments because of the comparatively brief period Gem state residents have had to of a to say when notified of the action to produce the atomic bomb are Does he get his money machines for releasing atomic The salary for to 29 R O was rejected ess j lion will probably I Boyd will get his retroactive pay Unions Agree AH of us must take that pledge I tion bv thp Ins man power ceilings of the air a fourth vote of the one iin faith or it were better that Uniteri stato force and army 837000 Army Ceiling i Visas MixUp LONDON March of over 70000 railway workers Second Lewis Reversal The senate vote was the second reversal for Lewis head of the United Mine Workers On the first day of the walkout March 14 np the senate interior committee I i I ft I I voted 10 to 1 for confirming Boyd j Boyd was first nominated for the federal job two years ago but i the 80th congress did not act on the appointment He has been serving without pay since Decem 1947 position is i energy at a controlled rate so that j by voice only It approved an we do not take it at all j Britons amendment to make an honorable hailed the treaty as a warnj I discharge a requirement for to any aggrfessor in 1949 The army now has a ceiling of sion eligibility Then it put off that he will be faced with what 837000 officers and men wliile the all further consideration of theiever united opposition including I that of the United States is neces Isary to beat him to his knees j Both Parties Hesitate Vandenberg and other foreign policy leaders of both parties have withheld judgment on the adminis trations plan for shipment of arms to western Europe to bolster the Rail Walkout ST LOUIS March 22 UP i i Leaders of four railway brother united States visas for four noted Lewis has contended that Boyd j hoods late Tuesday agreed to end is for the post be their sevenday walkout against cause he never had practical Wabash railroad key midwest who Sub Destroyer Hit Off e TNT AN DIEGO Cal March 22 837000 officers and men while the all further consideration air force has a top of 502000 Their measure until Wednesday actual strength fixed by the budget is much lower Rep Vito Marcantonio ALP N blocked final house action on the measure last Wednes day tried again Tuesday He pro posed sending it back to the house armed services committee to tack on an antiracial discrimination amendment He was voted down 253 to 34 j The house immediately approved rfiported the bill without further debatej The d lh Voting against it in addition to Marcantonio were Reps Emanuel Celler D N Y and shall D The president who defele Some have de were going to in the York provided the chief sensation for the London afternoon news papers Tuesday Officials at the London embassy perience dealing with mine safety j ern system Period of Mourning The agreement reached by a useful peacetime as propelling ships aircraft and machinery or providing heat and electrical energy The fuel in these reactors s the same fissionable material containing tremendous amounts of energy used in the atomic bomb The AEC said it has author ized its staff to negotiate with navy officials for the transfer of the Arco proving ground and has sent a formal request for the prop erty to national military estab lishment authorities Engineering surveys are nearly complete the commission continued but de tailed boundaries for the vast area have not been fixed Other sur veys are continuing to determine union and Wabash representatives I the availability of housing schools In calling the current walkout i after 24 hours of direct negotiaj other community facilities for had instructions to say merely Lewis said it was partly in pro tions was submitted to the presiI Ule of the new testing that revoking of the visas had test against Boyds nomination dontial factfinding hoard and ap been carried out at the orders of and partly as a period of mourn proved shortly after pm the State department In any I ing for 55000 miners he said had event there appeared to be some been killed or injured since Boyd i Calls for Return genuine confusion and bewilder usurped the U S mine bureau T1e agreement called for an ment on all sides as none of the i office nunj kjuinc lldvc UCI destroyer Orleck collided Tuesday i manded to know the full facts i mght during maneuvers five miles j and others want some estimate of immediate return to service of all so far as is and all four some estimate of I at first received visas and then 3J is a Communist I Sen Eugene D Millikin R operating employes of the Colo who successfully blocked ap1 Wabash who have been on strike proval of the appointment in the since last Tuesday without impair tic economy no 1 Pres Harry S Truman Monday i urged prompt congressional ap explanation Persons of Note inUPl TIU i cooiuiicu HUi Mar f was sllbmerSed at the i proval of both the pact and the i The Pcrsons involved were Prof itime of the collision about followup arms program He reit J DBernal worldfamed phvsi Republicansteered SOth congress carried his fight down to the final vote Tuesday night of seniority station the AEC said Near Outer Edges The AEC said preliminary studies indicate that 75 to 100 persons are living near the outer edges of the test station area The consider tt 000 development Broad Benefit On one point everyone was agreed The huge development which represents an expenditure equal to or larger than the as sessed valuation of all of Idaho will be of broad benefit which will be felt in every city in southern Idaho Mayors and business leaders of Idaho Falls Pocatello Blackfoot and other communities in this sec tion of the state spoke confidently of progress in their respective communities knowing that the es timated AEC invest ment in Idaho would be so great that no city in the entire area would remain unaffected From one town in the heart of the projected development came no expressions of cause there was no spokesman The town is Taber a way station on the Union Pacific railroads branch line from Blackfoot to Arco New Point and Map Taber has no spokesman in fact it has no status as a town Yet its strategic situation gave it prominent mention Tuesday as the possible future Oak Ridge or Hanford of the Snake river atomic development In Blackfoot Pocatello and Idaho Falls were heard many comments that the railroad water tower and section aouse that today is Taber may boundaries are not defi nitely fixed and that it is the The negotiators reported to the of the commission to es board that they had settled most i tablish the station with the least tires J He ui however repeated Wlt4hin a few years into that the boundaries a of several thousand He asked the senate to ignore of the 185 grievances which caused interference with mended only a 48group air force j and that she could proceed to port in his budget message docs not the navv said message oppose the larger air armada or the high man power ceilings But he feels that the country cant S5 BILLION OUTLAY afford them this year He urged an army of 677000 men j Cites Importance I Meanwhile Assistant Air Secy Eugene M Zuckert told a senate i armed services subcommittee it is very important for the senate to follow the house lead in author izing a 70group air force program He reitJ DBernal worldfamed phvsi cist and crystallographer Louis Golding author of Magnolia Lewis action in the dispute and the strike Ind that the render i residents An AEC population a new point on the map known throughout the world Pocatellos status in the future development was more certain in it clear that any attack will be met with overwhelming force the attack may never come House Group Prepares Bill Extending ERP One Year WASHINGTON March 22 UP house foreign affairs corn But he said the budget bureau mittee Tuesday night completed believes the administration should j action on a bill extending the j European Recovery Program for expendi have the final word on the make air force the ture of house bill authorizes 22 separate Tni squadrons and 61 air force reserve j JJSS requited groups Necessary support and rekv c cut of 200 re by the administration the e unite a so would be provided same time however the commit The presidents budget ear tee approved the creation of a marked for the air force to buy 1668 new planes dur fund to guarantee American in vestment abroad up to ing the new fiscal year starting 000 Jul l This is described as a book Air force spokesmen backed by keeping transaction because it n strong bloc of nirmmded con does not require a congressional pressmen complained that Mr appropriation Trumans proposal would force the Of the the first year authorizations so that only is considsred new money Confused committee members unsure whether their action rep resented a cut or an increase in Street and other novels Patricia Burke wellknown British stage and screen star and Dr J G Crowther author of many books on the history and social relations of science i Another scientist Prof Olaf 7 r Stnpledon was at first told that I i Q KeCOTU LOW his visa had been canceled but then was notified Tuesday morn ing that he had been granted a visa to go to the United States to consider the appointment from would be handled by direct negoj said that if safety and security is i the standpoint of the miners i tiation while the strikers return I factors permit the boundaries of a Emotion shouts that anything to work j the test installation will be ar days selection ol the Idaho site It is the rail terminus for southern in event negotiators are unable nged so that to dispose of any remaining is1 1948 Coal Mining said they willi See Page 4 Column S nance plant e Mishaps Dip Hold Press Conference The fonr who had been banned held a press conference Tuesday f express their indignation and Two of them said the WASHINGTON March 22 were fewer acci dents per 3000000 tons of coal mined in 1948 than in any other year the Labor department re ported Tuesday It said this improvement was pa of an overall 5 drop be placed before the presidential VTTAT CT A hoard for investigation and recom vl l Al1 MAI IbTICS mendation Wabash PITS Arthur K At kinson announced after the board approved the report that service on the Wabash would be back to normal by Wednesday morning In Direct Talks Hhe backtowork order came after negotiators had spent all of j Monday night and most of Tues Idahos AStation to Sprawl Over 625 Square Miles ln dlrect talks the reason they could give was j the EC A program pointed out ATu they giv that in actual appropriations their u ii y attended last years bill is bePow theVrigi gi nal figure but that the guaran tee fund brings the overall total available money to or above the White House request Chairman John Kee D w R Va told reporters he planned to I fT introduce a clean bill incorporat r v ing all committee amendments when the house meets Wednesday He said he would request a hear ing before the house rules commit nnd wnrc asked they had done so when questioned at the embassy The ban that aroused most pub of gov The unions earlier had passed over a request of Chief Justice lie interest and private bewilder W Tuesday concerned Patricia force to cut back iU present mittee said is left over tee as soon possible as a SOfcroupa I in the guarantee fund from the i preliminary to house action to America re show and was invited to the congress she said at a press conference I was going lo take messages from Dame Sybil Thorndike and other well known stage stars I CopyIsm by N I Timn The number of fatalities in bituminous mines last year was the fourth lowest on record In anthracite mines it was the sec ond lowest on record The Bu reau of Mines gave these figures of killed and injured in both bituminous and nnthracite dur ing the past few years killed 54100 esti mated injured killed 58200 esti mated injured killed 56800 esti mated injured 101J5 jurcd factfinding board to return to work while the panel studied the issues in dispute Instead the strike leaders went into direct negotiations with Wa bash officials McDonough charged that the unions refusal of the boards request was aimed at the j integrity of the National Railway j Labor act and put off further nco i j hearings by the board until the 1068 killed 56616 m I negotiators were ready to report on the talks By PKRRY SWISHER Tribune Pocatello Bureau Chief Here are some statistics at this stage tentative on the atomic re actor station to be built in south eastern Idaho Minimum land area will be 400 000 acres evidently fanning north and west from Taber siding 19 miles west of Blackfoot Thats 625 square miles Visual ize a desert tract bounded on each side by 25 miles of the distance be tween Blackfoot and Pocatello Even more land area may be taken in for security reasons Those 625 square miles are more than the total land area of Jerome county or bigger by 69 square miles than Franklin county The tract would apparently take in 25 of Bingham county west of Blackfoot and a big strip of east ern Butte county Tract would be half as big as eastern Idahos Caribou national forest Atomic emergy commission in vestment would approximate the entire assessed valuation of all taxable land in Idaho But relax a bit assessed value is not more than 40 of actual value The Pocatello naval ordnance plant where gun relining activity has been declining since the wars end would be directly utilized Pocatello terminal will be the railhead Pocatello airbase now owned by the city may help to serve construction firms involved Construction of a 35mile long highway shortcut to Taber from Pocatello is already under dis cussion and AEC will require additional rails to and through the tract
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