Tuesday, March 22, 1949

Salt Lake Tribune

Location: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 22, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am fun Intelmountain Network Station KALI Monday Through Fridar WEATHER Fair am warmer Tuesday Details on Page 25 VOL 158 NO 159 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH TUESDAY MORNING MARCH 22 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Buying Spree tl O 1 StirS EaSt Ban of Marks Berlin Area Western Germans Rush to Spend Rod ISSUP Marks BERLIN March 21 Rus sian authorities announced Mon day night they will take no retaliatory action against action by western occupation authori ties outlawing the Soviet east mark in the western sectors of Berlin In the first official Soviet rear inn tn the reform Alrxis Vviizsrov acting Soviet of Berlin said In an endeavor to help the Sovietcontrolled German police j population of Berlins western Delay Pact 60 Days i Catkins Demands Utahn Requests Public Debate On War Clause of Alliance BERLIN March 21 attempted Monday to prevent sectors the Soviet military ad western BerHners on a buying stampede j man BanK or emission easi surplus east marks in ration Brk by residents of the west freed stores in the sector of the city Russiancontrolled newspapers launched a propaganda attack ngainst the western allies cur rency order That order the pa pers said was a fraud against the population Big headlines in the Communist press predicted mass bankruptcies in western Berlin Western authorities described the Communist claims as scare stories Remaining Holdings Western Berliners rushed to dump their remaining holdings of east marks Some tried to make purchases in Russian areas Others i lined up before exchange offices The east mark tumbled to a rate of 6 to 10 for one west mark on the black market Even in the legal exchange offices the east mark dropped to 52 for one Be fore Sundays currency change the east marks had been worth about a quarter of the western currency in western Berlin The 2250000 Germans livingin ihfi American British and French sectors met the first day of the currency rules quietly Jorj nine months they have been block aded and whirled on a financial merrygoround Western Allies The western allies tnld them their situation would be improved because their blockadepinched economy now would be tied closer to the strongly reviving economy of western Germany Many Germans were not so sure however Some Berliners may lose their jobs because of shortages of western money and difficulties in changing over from a duel to a single currency in western Berlin Many small firms deal only in wist niarks smuggling their raw materials from Soviet occupation zone through the j blockade They can pay only in1 fast ma rks since they have no west mark income Out of Business j Such firms may have to go out i of business Some German political leaders demanded prompt exten sions of credit to keep such firms afloat Russian ern sectors in the Soviet sector of Berlin and in occupation zone the Soviet March 21 MTV Son Arilnir V Watkins R Utah jMotuisy demanded that signing of thr north Atlantic defense treaty he postponed to allow 60 days of public debate on whether it would commit the nation to war if western Europe is attacked He made the demand in a senate speech after reading ministration does not intend to letter from Pres Harry S Truman turning down a previous from gomgj carry out any measures restrict jsuggestjon from Watkins that the text of the pact be made nf rhA of the bpfore jg The treaty was made public last Friday and is scheduled to be signed here April 4 Mr Truman pointed out in his letter that the state depart ment took extraordinary steps to keep the senate foreign relations committee fully informed from the start of the pact negotiations 60Day Interval I do not agree that there shoud be a 60day interval be tween publication and signature Mr Truman said While expressing hope that the j senate will ratify the treaty ssj speedily as possible Mr Truman said that there will undoubtedly be ample time for full public and j senatorial consideration of the I treaty before final action is taken Sen Forrest C Donnell R Mo backed up Watkins demand in a speech charging the treaty is not only a moral commitment but an actual definite commitment to fight if war breaks out in Europe i Predicting a great historic dej bate in the senate he urged thatj all members of the chamber be permitted to sit in with the foreign I relations commitlee during its hearings on the pact Kartu Watkins has previously accused the State department of leak1 ing facts about the treaty to favored reporters1 before the pact was made public He said that was done to whip up public sentiment for the pact and pressure mem bers of congress into going along with it He telegraphed Mr Truman then vacationing at Key West Fla on March 7 protesting that the senate had been kepi in the dark about the pact while a genera debate raged in the press In his speech Monday the Utah Republican repeated his assertion that members of the senate other than those on the foreign relations committee had been unable to find out anything about the treaty before it was published Here and ith ress These Two Opinions Really Count Bernard Baruch left elder statesman and adviser o presidents listens to Gen Dwight V Eisenhower top level adviser to mili tnrv leaders as the two meet Monday at mayors parley in capital Scathes Real Estate Lobby As Enemy of U S Home i WASHINGTON March 21 Harry S Truman a strategy of soft words toward congress said Monday I he and the legislators are cooperating and only trouble makers talk of bad feeling between them j Instead of lashing out at the 81 st congress for the setbacks he has received at its hands the j president roundly denounced the p LINES j real estate lobby which he said j has proved itself the enemy of the American home He said it was trying to kill rent control andj I the administrations housing pro igram Marked Contrast The presidents remarks about j i congress in a speech to the United j Stales conference of mayors were in marked contrast with his lam WASHINGTON March 21 j basting of the 80lh Congress seMate down party lines on tjle merts Of a house Local Option Rent Plan Splits Senate with wUh his re proved to let states cotin stump or cilcs off federal rent city Chiefs Hear Wabash Strike Talk by Baruch jPerfls Act d I Utahn Avers hint the country again in behalf of his j controls whenever they like i current legislative program 1 I have been much interested j Jin the attempts of the usual trouLn t Uft controls shouW to make t appear that be t t Ihere is bad feeling between the Rcpublicans gencraUv argued in favorHof thc idea Democrats said ln t Uft f t h t t oLH IPS niH vntn H i euuimnciiua LIWH ay that Amor ST Txms Mardl 21 war is forced hpari of emerRenrv factj president trying to dictate to the j hill to continue controls for 12 i thon if ihf con lo months and allow some rent finding board appointed bv Pres j congress And then n ine con inrrfaf nver a vearx time however Harrv S Truman to any declslon that j als to increase oter a iHan S T varies at all from my recommenj penod Safe After 60Hour Ordeal fhTsurrowidmg Rescuer help OrvUle Rich of Detroit MJch from a helicopter after It had been used to rescue him and three others from rugged Tennessee mountain territory where their plane had crashed Friday WASHINGTON Mnrch fINS Bernard M Baruch tol the 1919 United States mayors conference Monday that ica will fight if upon us At the same Baruch charged that the United i jle States has failed to formulate B peace strategy for battling Russia in the present cold war The elder statesman and pres idential adviser also declared that Uie country needs to sta bilize prices and wages But he said the question of govern ment controls in this respect can only be decided after we make up our minds what to do about this threat of war I Slst congress and the president of the United States he said Set Up Howl The disagreement came as Pres Harry S Truman said lobbyists are trying to kill off controls en tirely and his lieutenant prodded sevenday Wabash railroad Monday warned that the walkout threatened the future of the Railway Labor act Utah supreme court Justice WlLlCCt XU Oil 1 v t dations these same troublemakers Democratic Leader Scott Lucas start a gleeful chorus about How of Illinos urged his colleagues to in 4 U TTrt ffitsl Rescue of Crash Victims I appeal to the president here and now publicly he said to j grant the full 60 days as a period j for study and analysis of the pact j i C U DERWOOD Tenn March mountain and after a harrowing j before we make a formal commitj emnlovment as a result of the re21 A B1T pilot twoday trek reached the outside ment by signing the treaty not shared a tiny heliopter down four world with word of their plight fcv manv Germans times on a snowcovered wmd Heretofore prices in rationed swept mountain top Monday and Judge Clashes With Top Red at Trial Roger McDonoughs warning came I after striking operating brother hoods failed to answer the boards request that they return to their jobs at once pending the decision of the board on the Issues of thc dispute j 3ivin Added Force j Tt was givenadded force by the i brotherhoods refusal to continue I negotiations on similar issues on the Missouri Pacific lines until settlement of the Wabash dispute i for civil rights legislation I Brotherhood members of the Mis1 J the congress has thrown the whole Democratic program overboard Mr Truman spoke against a background of three recent devel opments 1 The house shot holes in the administrations rent control bill As passed by the house Uie meas ure would let states counties and cities decide whether to keep rent control or junk it i 2 The senate dominated by ft backing powerful coalition of Republicans and southern and western Demo crats rejected an antifilibuster rules change sought by the admin istration in an effort to clear the J I slick to the subject He said that unless the senate makes pood progress he will call night sessions starting Wednesday Mr Truman in an address to the U S conference of mayors had some harsh words for the JocaJ option provision of the 15 month extension the house has passed He said the real estate lobby is not in order to isouri Pacific voted to authorize a stirke last Dec 15 Praises MrsHall for Mrs Hall u goods stores have been frozen by leach time brought out a survivor decree Now they may go up to the of an airplane levels of western Germany inereasj Three men and a heroic 40year made it ing the cost of living old woman had spent more than Full west marks wasres now will 60 hours exposed to intense cold V given to those Germans who i and without food Although in up for the sake of the men she live work and draw their food rajured they came through in good said I covered them up I f ions in American British andhapo and were taken to a hospital and put on French Thip will at Maryville 30 miles south of nejr carried vater p innease in purchasing power for here i i 1 B steep mountainside in an alumi Hardv said that if it hadnt been He predicted that tremendous pressure and severe criticism will I be heaped upon any senator who Walljrreii Move A senate committee reacted Representatives of the Wabash 76 Pves Trumans nomination of and the four unions were meeting jhjs Mon C Wallgren to in an effort to settle the strike jbe cnajrman of the national secur NEW YORK March 21 f after the board adjourned until ity resOurces board The American Communist party i Tuesday The meeting started at HO went on to say that the real seeks to smash the United States 3 pm at the Wabash offices j estate lobby has inade a con1 dares after the treaty has been wouldnt have i signed to take a stand against it or even be critical of it Mr Truman did not reply to the those people Rates of Exchange firmly that the senate has been j kept in the dark i He pointed out that because of the importance of the North At lantic pact there was unusually i close collaboration between Secv Brilliant Feat j num suilCase Thats the way I of statff Dean G Acheson and Their rescuer was J N New got these scratches committee members from the start government by a revolution modeled after the Russian one of Perils Labor Act trial of 11 party leaders Opening the governments case leaking charge but he denied ana blueprinting its chargers to the C t1 4 1U o certed effort to have rent control lover to the cities and localities 1917 U S Atty John F X i At the close of the boards initial i not jn order to strengthen local McGohey charged Monday at the j session Monday McDonough authority but in order to destroy jury the greyhaired McGohey id the defendants are in a posi charged that the Wabash strike is a threat to the integrity of the Railway Labor set He said that the boards sitting strengthen local authority but in order to destroy rent control Clash Marks Labor Bill Hearing End WASHINGTON March 21 UP hearings on ToftHartley act repeal ended Monday with a group of CI 0 leftwing Unions shouting in vain to be heard All day long a parade by CIO I believe that the end of this i leaders slugged hard at the Taft long and unnecessary struggle is rent control Nevertheless he said Hartley law They indorsed Pres Proportionate of exchange Pomb of Glendale Cal He perj But somehow I kept them of negotiations are worked out for people who i formed a brilliant feat each time ly comfortable I couldnt let them live in the western portion of thejhe set the helicopter down in high city but work in the Russian sec tor and draw their food there BERLIN March 21 inds on a small clearing hacked out by the ground party which reached the lost fliers Sunday Those rescued were Fred Hall J1 lose rtrouucu vvci c ji iu jjuii Ernst Reulcr lord mayor of west Jameg Harf thnh thp and 3g AI werfi from Detroit The three men said Mrs Halls high spirits and pursing care kept them going during their ordeal They also praised a fifth member of the marooned group Stephen Walker who walked down the Berlins western sectors is proof that the big three powers intend to stay in this capital It is definite confirmation that Berlin is part of the west and will be protected Renter told a cheering city assembly Rnss Warn Finland Against Ties With West Powers MOSCOW March 1 JUPJ the Finland was warned Monday who flre OpWg to draw against aligning itself with the 0lJS comtry into H contemplated powers and was reminded antiSoviet military bloc and try tlfot it became independent only ing to convert northern Europe after the Bolshevik revolution including Finland into a spring An article in the newspaper j hoard for the new world war they Pravda of Leningrad the organ i are preparing j e o i of the Leningrad Soviet said I Finland is violating its peace treaty with Russia people realize that Warns of Violations Point two in the Leningrad Pravda article was a reminder nns the further consolidation of their j that Finland like Estonia Lat state sovereignty acquired from via and Lithuania was a part of the hands of Lenin and Stalin Russia After the Bol Ihe result of the October 1917 Ishevik revolution of Nov 7 1917 revolution is possible only by car1 Finland declared its independence rying out a democratic line inside j The Bolsheviks issued a declara the country and externally by a tion on Jan 4 3919 that this step policy of sincere friendship with conformed with their policy the Soviet Union The significance of the warn ing to Finland was increased pos Kelatmns Uorsen it was published in 3The attitude of the Finnish Leningrad less than 100 miles jrnvrrnmrnt o Premier Knrl A from the Finnish frontier 1 Faperholm toward Russia is delib Pravda devoted three columns to rrately becoming worse its article 4 The antipopular activity of Pravda said that Finland hdd Finnish reactionaries is inspired virlnted articles VII XTH and XV by overseas rcacton Finland is of the RussoFinninh peace treaty know I was tired From pm Friday when the plane crashed until 2 pm Sunday they had no food whatever but the amazing thing is that we didnt get too hungry she re called On Sunday we got bread a package of cheese and three chocolate bgjrs our rescuers brought We still have the candy No Jtention of Jaw A fraillooking woman she made no mention of her broken jaw She had carried on despite her own pain When the plane crashed all five occupants climbed out of the I wreckage and ran fearing an ex plosion Mrs Hall said her worst i moment was when she turned and looked at husband i He was all didnt know how bad he was hurt she isaid i When no explosion occurred j they went back to the plane put I out a small fire that was smolder ing in one motor and used the cabin to sleep in Trying fo Sleep The worst thing to me was trying to sleep at a 60dcgree angle Mrs Hall said We had to stay in the plane because snow was on the ground We got exhausted to the point where only will power kept us going We didnt know what was in those bushes I had not thought about bears But I heard the bushes crackle and thought it might be bears j Newcomb who pilots a luli 1 copter lenscd hy Ihe Tennessee Valley authority for lin1 patrol wns in Chattanooga Sunday when news was received of thc rrnsh some 4fi miles from Maryville and approximately 100 miles from here Executive Branch I should like to call your atten tion the president said to the extent of the cooperation between the senate and the executive branch of the government in the formulation of this treaty Ordi narily treaties are negotiated by the State department and dis cussed with the foreign relations committee only after they have been signed and submitted to the senate for its advice and consent to ratification President Names Rep Bosone Safety Unit Head WASHINGTON DC March 21 In recognition of her out standing work in promoting highway safety while she was a judge in Salt Lake City Pres Harry S Truman Monday ap pointed Peva Beck Bosone of Utah chairman of the laws and ordinances committee of the presidents highway safety con ference This group will hold its an nual meeting 1une 1 2 and 3 to discuss traffic safety prob lems Jn his letter to Rep Bosone notifying her of her appoint ment Pres Truman said Be cause of your remarkably able leadership in thc highway safety movement over a long period of years 1 am asking you to be come chairman of thc laws and ordinances committee Your rich background and your present position of leadership makes you ideally fitted to expand h op erations of this committee in 1919 judgment on the dispute while sight and that this year will Trimmii lahmhill tion to give the signal for revolt the men are out nf service might j ee the enactment of satisfactory j na MUVI aw at the proppr time have broad and far reaching imi housing legislation i promised to comply with the oO hing a national crisis brought plications And he expressed his I GnoA of People I day coolingoff period provided in about by a severe depression or fear that Uie public might bring j bii to handje national emer a war j pressure to bear to remove raili In fact I believe that this year r i disputes f mm the acts jurisdiction will see the enactment of a great i gency strikes The AFL had al Utes I arty bwitch them jndcr tjle NLRB deal of legislation for the good of ready made a similar assurance In his hourlong summation of i what he intends to prove he traced j the partys switch in 1945 from ft policy sponsoredby deposed party chairman Earl Browder of getting along with capitalism to one in which the entire apparatus of the Workers Should Return McDonough had called a brief noon recess after he had told com pany and brotherhoods repre sentatives that the board believed the men should return to their government must be smashed jjobs He said the purpose of the Every vestige of the state and class must out bourgeois j brief halt was to permit both sides be wiped to discuss a resumption of service pending a board decision on the As soon as McGohey had issues ished stocky Eugene Dennis led j McDonough however said he off for the defense and soon be came embroiled in a sharp ex change with Judge Harold R Me dina whc charged that Dennis was using1 the courtroom for propa ganda purposes Covers Wide Ground Dennis the top U S Communist on trial and acting as his own at torney launched into an argu ment which covered everything from the Spanish civil war to the North Atlantic pact with refer ences to racial discrimination World War III a forthcoming de pression and Chiang Kai shek tossed in Again and again Medina warned Dennis to stick to the charges that the party conspired to teach the violent overthrow of the gov ernment Dennis persisted assert ing he was trying to show what the U S Communist party actual ly did teach and advocate Sees Problem Ahead We would be here for years if we were to hear your life story and all your political beliefs Me dina said I can see you are go ing to be an awful problem for me Make no more references to Chiang Kni shek the war in Spain had received no answer from brotherhoods leaders when the hearing resumed the people Sen Kenneth S Wherry told re porters in commenting on Mr Trumans speech that there might be a real estate lobby but he doesnt believe it wll have any in on housing or rents Before talking to the mayors Leftists Blow Up At twilight Rep A B Kelley D Pa banged his gavel signal ing the completion of the 10 days of testimony Then came the blow iUPA Mr Truman conferred with Dem ocratic leaders in congress Leav ing the White House House Speaker Sam Rayburn D Tex told newsmen that talk of the ad ministrations program bogging i down is nonsense Home Looks Out for Itself In Capital Rent Curb Bill WASHINGTON March 21 house Monday passed and sent to the senate a rent control law that would give District of Columbia tenants greater protection than is provided in the houseapproved bill for the nation as a whole Most members of congress rent housing facilities in the district while congress is in session In contrast to the recent sharp debate in the house over the proposed new national law the district rent bill was passed 247 to 117 without controversy Proponents of a strong national rent law however forced a roll callvote to put on record those congressmen who favor a strong law for the district and a notsostrong law for the rest of the country The district rent bill would continue controls until June 30 would the houseapproved national law It also would keep residential apartment hotels under control Hotel apartments were decontrolled in the remainder of the country last year and the house refused Pres Harry IK rvoi Liit i i it oirt in j j i everything else under the S Trumans request to put them back under control ut Dennis persisted and the j judge permitted him to finish his I j speech over the heated protests of I McGohey I Thc district bill also contains a criminal penalties clause ngainst landlords who overcharge tenants Thc house had rejected thc administration request to put this in the national law A number of CIO union of ficials who had not been heard came up and quietly offered their statements to be inserted in the record But spokesmen for the Fur Workers Food and Tobacco Work ers United Electrical Workers Longshoremen Mine Mill and Smelter Workers American Com rnunications Assn arid Office and Professional Workers loudly de manded that the hearings be ex tended into the night so they could testify Wagner Law Pattern In general these unions urge re peal of TaftHartley but they with the CIO and A F L in supporting the Truman labor bill That bill would replace Taft Hartley with a new law based on the Wagner Act of 193547 but with certain additions proposed by Mr Truman Kelley replied heatedly to the protesting spokesmen Dont blame us We had an understand ing with the CIO that all CIO testimony would be completed in one day Check with the CI O We have 175 requests If we open up these Gains in Senate He cut off several of the union men in the midst of a sentence by crashing the gave down hard The Truman bill passed another milestone on the senate side too The senate labor committee in R report signed by all eight Demo crat members formally laid the bill before the senate for debate