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Salt Lake Tribune Newspaper Archive: March 19, 1949 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 19, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah                                RADIO NEYTS am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALI Monday Through Friday VOL 158 NO 156 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SATURDAY MORNING MARCH 19 1919 WEATHER Partly cloudy continued mild Details on Page 20 PRICE FIVE CENTS Unvei President Seeks Congress Amity Proffers Olive Branch in Effort To Gain Fair Deal Approval KEY WEST Fla March 18 Harry S Truman held out an olive branch Friday to a congress in revolt against much of his program He referred to southern opponents as Dixiecrats and said they were not good Democrats But even for this group he held out some hope And after deliber ation he professed the conviction i his fair deal proposals will win approval despite a series of re i versals i He put it this way I think we i are going to accomplish the pro j gram DEFENSE SCREEN Senate Okehs Radar Plan WASHINGTON March 18 Creation of a skysweeping radar afeets Reporters Mr Truman meeting corres pondents on the treeshaded lawn of his winter white house on this Ul Ilia 111 LCI network as the basic element m nava submarine station did not the United States defense against pretend he uas happy about the enemy planes was approved by the fiUbusteri thfl nousepassed senate Friday without debate opUon rent control bill or the The house previously had apj tabling of Mon C Wallgrens nomi proved the measure so it now goes j nationas chairman of the national to Pres Harry S Truman for his security resources board expected signature But he isnt ready for an allout Final cost of the U S network i fight yet That much was made is estimated at clear Starting expenditures will be president said his legisla held at S85000000 i on was in the hands of a three party congress He identified the The U S network will be op V R Democrat i Sho erated in conjunction with a sim ancj Dixiecrat if he thought l hl lar one in Canada so that the polar i uerg not g0oj 0emoj from hcr parents apartment window The fall was approaches to the North American didnt hesitate of coursei continent as well as other areas M Truman asserted can be closely watched J i Besides thelard based skyscan Progressives Buried ning stations there will be four radar picket ships They will be stationed at sea approaches near vital targets Acheson Says Tie Purely For Defense U S Security Threat Voiced in Initial Statement of Policy WASHINGTON March 38 Secy of Slate Dean Achosoii said Friday night that control of Eu rope by a single aggressive un friendly power would be an in tolerable threat to the national security of the United States Tot Takes SixFloor TumbleUnhurt had luck of Irish Dotted line indicates 3yearold Martha Louise Combs tumbled broken by a small hedge When she wns examined by Dr Maurice Margules the verdict said only injuries were a slight ponctission and shock Tiny Girl Cheats He was asked what happened to 111 Fdll the Progressive party and replied i that Bob LaFollette buried it Mr I Truman did not mention the name of former Vice President Henry A rOm The said NEW YORK March 18 UP j who led a Progressive magazine Aviation Week i party during the last campaign Friday that five western European nations are planninga radar network extending 1500 miles from Lubeek on the Baltic sea to southern Tunisia to warn of any air attack from the east The magazine said the net would cover Holland Belgium Luxem bourg Franc the British Isles Truman Test Shapes Up the threeparty system NEW YORK March 18 Twoyearold Martha Louise Combs was in a very satisfac ne bciiu uie sjaiciii was in effect in the election cam tory condition Friday night nFtnr 1 elYct rirV TB1I fmm flTI paign There was some hope that some of them party opponents might have seen the light immediately after the election a radio com mentator suggested Mr Truman said he still has that hope You must remember the president went on that this is a new congress that it had some difficulty in getting adjusted on account of the fact that there had to be an inauguration ceremony three weeks after they met Schedules Parley Hes going to talk over things with Vice President Alben W j WASHINGTON March 18 UP Barkley senate majority leader i senate Friday cleared its Scott Lucas speaker Sam Rayburn I decks for a second major test of and house majority leader Me Pres Harry S Trumans program Cormack Monday And he prob amid chargcs that the Republicani ably will confer with his cabinet i Southern Democratic coalition has that same day he said i now ganged up on rent control Has he decided when he will A flood of bills held up by the board his old campaign train and logjam over filibusters was carry his case to the people as he rushed to the house and White House preparatory to considera tion of rent control extension Mon day bitter floor fight is in pros pect over the states rights rent would be notified in plenty of tune measure reported out by the bank to pack their bags injr committee Administration i But are you planning to take i leaders have denounced it as the train trip he was pressed TViiTYiQTi cain np WflSTl t after a sixstory fall from an apartment window When Martha Louise fell from the window Thursday in the housing project at 10th ave and 20th St she landed in a hedge a few feet from a concrete pave ment At St Vincents hospital doc tors first thought she had suf fered only shock Friday night concussion But the child never has been on the critical list and was resting comfortably Friday night Senate Okehs River Plan threatened to do in his Feb 24 address to Washingtons Jeffersoni WASHINGTON March 18 out he said adding that the reporters j proval to the upper Colorado river basin compact It passed without a record vote the necessary legislation Senate Likes Atlantic Pact Skeptical of Arms Help By H LAWRENCE I ered He listed rent controls the WASHINGTON March j re north Atlantic treaty text was given a generally friendly recep tion in the senate Friday but storm signals were flying1 for the parallel program for American aid to rearm western European nations While administration spokesmen predicted an overwhelming senate vote to ratify the pact one highly placed Republican who requested peal of the TaftHartley law and extension of the reciprocal trade agreement authority as matters which the senate would wish to take up first for First reactions of senators will ing to be quoted were all favorable but a large number declined com ment and several others raised anonymity said that it might be j reservations relating to the size they reported she had a slight difficult to obtain a twothirds i and scope of the arms program majority for the agreement unless the administration leadership can demonstrate clearly that the pact and the arms program are sepa rate issues not only legislatively but also in fact Distribute Copies Copies of the treaty text were distributed in the senate when it convened Friday but members of the senate foreign re lations committee had been kept informed as the negotiations pro gressed and already had given in formal and tentative approval There was no clear indication as to how soon the senate would debate and vote on the agreement It will not be placed before the senate committee until it has been signed on April 4 and Sen Con nally D committee chair man said that public hearings of Sen Harry Flood Byrd D an economy advocate said Im for the pact providing it con See Page 2 Columns eaers ave eo Republicans a r e j Mr Truman said he wasnt Senate action came a short time undetermined ength would be held drafting numerous amendments making any statement at all that after the house public lands com and reports have circulated that there are no further plans than mjttee had approved a similar bill they may try to hold up passage those announced on Feb 24 bevond March 31 when present Then that was an announce controls expire iment of plans on Feb 2i some Sen Wayne Morse R Ore one suggested went on the senate floor Friday xecessarlly to accuse the coalition which trounced the administration on the 1 Not necessarily Mr filibuster issue Thursday night of said and dropped the subject The would ap portion waters of the upper Colo rado river among the states of Colorado Wyoming Utah New Truman Mexico and have the consent of both congress and Italy Chamber Votes to Join West Alliance ROME March IS chamber of deputies voted 342 to 170 to put Italy in the Atlantic pact Friday after Premier Alcide De Gasperis adherents forced the Communists to end a filibuster that kept the house in continuous session for 51 hours and six min utes The moment the vole was an know all about the treaty and to nounced Communists and left understand it wing Socialists surged onto the floor shouting Down with the Atlantic pact Shaking fists at De Gasperi they yelled Traitor because we want the country to In a bluntlyworded address beamed throughout the world Acheson made his first major pol cy statement on the proposed North Atlantic mutualaid treaty The text of this accord which would link this countrys power and resources with those of Can ada and western Europe for de fense against aggression was made public 12 hours earlier As a treaty it is subject to senate rati fication Use of Arms It provides that if any one of the signatory countries is at tacked each will render such as sistance as it deems necessary including the use of armed force Acheson branded as a lie Rus sian charges that the alliance is aggressive He said This country is not planning to make war against is not seeking abhors it does not hold war to be inevi table Acheson said this countrys poli cies as expressed in the words of the Atlantic pact are devised with the specific aim of bridging by peaceful means the tremendous differences which beset interna tional society at the present itme1 Asks Weapons Fund To back up the proposed Atlan tic defense grouping Acheson sale the administration plans to ask congress shortly to supply money for some of the weapons and equipment European nations need to forestall or fend off an attack He gave no estimate of how much would be requested but other government officials said the amount would be between and Acheson however made it clear that priority will be given to western Europes economic needs rather than her military require ments But he served notice that mil itary supplies would go only to those free nations which will co operate with us in safeguarding peace and security That would indicate the admin istration plans to arm such other countries besides the pact powers as Greece Turkey and Iran but not she changes her mind about the strict neutral ly policy adhered to through two wars Ends Busy Day Acheson spoke at the end of an intensely busy day climaxing eight months of American diplomacy unprecedented in the century and a half of the nations history Treaty Pledges j tx Armed Force 4If Its Needed WASHINGTON March 18 United States and seven other powers Friday made public the historic north Atlantic defense treaty which pledges them to stand together for 20 years against Communist aggression The pact to be signed here April 4 and to be backed up later with U S arms commits the United States to help western Europe repel attack from any quarter in this case from Russia and her satellites But it infringes in no way on the constitu tional right of congress to decide in every case whether American help shall include going to war The most farreaching peacetime alliance this country Has ever joined it is strictly defensive in nature and will operaui entirely within the framework of the United Nations 1040word treaty stresses repeatedly that the signers desire onlv peace and pledges them not to take action on their own if the U N security council moves effectively to maintain peace Subject to Ratification Subject to ratification by a twothirds majority of the U S senate the pact embraces the United States Britain Canada France Belgium Norway the Netherlands and Luxembourg Italy Denmark Iceland and Portugal are expected to jom before the signing ceremonies and the pact t charter members by unanimous vote may later invite other BEVIN OPINES Bloc Replies To Threat Of Russians LONDON March 18 eign Secy Ernest Bevin said Fri day night the north Alanti treaty is the wests answer ti Communist efforts to impose thi will of the Kremlin on all Europe through fear He declared in a radio broad cast the United Nations had not proved the answer to the quest for enduring peace Bevin declared Firm Conviction I can assure you that it is our firm conviction the development of he organization visualized in this iact will mean the preservation of leace It brings together on both sides of the Atlantic into one system of collective security people who possess great skill great ability ind inventive genius He said Britain had hoped the United Nations would prove the answer to the quest for enduring peace But frankly he added just as the League of Nations did not fulfill its purpose neither has the United Nations Met With Veto We have been met in the United Nations with the veto secretary even Several Issues Sen Scott Lucas of Illinois ma jority leader and traffic regulator on the senate floor said that sev eral issues affecting the national Dlavinepolitics with rent con The president said he fully ap the president before it can become proved the North Atlantic pact effective Chairman John J Sparkman that he had read it and the speech j Ala of a subcommittee which Secretary of State Dean Acheson A scree on Terms drafted the new rent bill denied was scheduled to deliver Friday j A nolse puolic lands subcom dinner ittee Thursday unanimously it was a coalition product but night Morse insisted Thev are playing He plans to have lunch or politics y i with former Prime Minister Chur voted a bill to give such consent He said that talk of a permanent chill in Washington when the latj The house subcommittee action GOPDixie coalition Can do ter visits this country but the j came after representatives of Call great damage to the Republican meeting hasnt been arranged yet j and bagjn gtateg and he doesn t know the date Parv agreed upon explanatory lan guage to be placed in the commit tees report on the bill A dispute between California and Arizona over waters of the Colo rado river in the lower basin hinges to a considerable extent on the exact meaning of the term con Million to Aid Schools Given Senate Group Okeh WASHINGTON March 18 A senate committee recommended Friday that the government grant a year to help the states run schools and another to check up on school childrens health The twin bills were approved unanimously by the senate labor and public welfare committee The education measure is de signed to equalize school oppor tunities in the state he government would provide grants varying amount de pending on the states average an nual income and the number of its school children Thus the poorer slates would receive more than the richer ones and each state would have to make up the differ ence to provide a minimum outlay of a year for each pupil fore the treaty could be consid o 101 sajd tne secretary even During this eightmonth period j when tne overwhelming majority Americas foreign policy leaders the securlty council has agreed had neeotiatec an alliance be thino been sumptive beneficial use of water as contained in the overall Coloi The committee bill leaves it up rado river compact drawn up in to the individual states to decide 11922 whether or not to use the federal i grants for help to parochial schools The health measure however requires that aid be extended to committees report J on the measure containing the fol Intent of Bill At the insistence of Californians i congress an agreement was reached Thursday to include Ian ranging from 25 to 50 of the governments grant expression onntent It is further recognized that congress by giving its consent to 17 SWide Of Truckers To Start April 1 NEW YORK March 18 fUP for a nationwide road side check of the union status of commercial truck drivers were disclosed Friday night by Dave Beck executive vice president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters Within thfe next several months the union plans to in spect the credentials of men driving nearly all the 6521000 registered trucks Beck said but in the opening phase of the drive from April 1 to 15 only about 250000 trucks and 140000 driv ers on long haul and local freight jobs will be checked Beck said The unprecedented action by the nations biggest union is in tended to see that our drivers are all in good standing and that employers are carrying out their contracts with us Beck said Trucks will not be halted on t For the most part the health the upper Colorado river basin services to be financed would concompact docs not commit the sist of medica and dental cxamiUnited States to any interpretaI nations tion of the Colorado river compact I Committee members estimated i expressed in or implied from the the opon highway but will be that with minimum state contribul upper Colorado river compact and j checked at natural stopping 1iorcnre ions the total available for the i expresses neither agreement nor places such as service stations lValth program would amount to i disagreement with any such in garages and eatmg places he strikes and slow Swing Into Fray Singing the Republican Mamelli hymn Christian Democrats swung into the fray and deputies fought with fists for 15 minutes before parliamentary guards restored or der One deputy hurled a desk drawer another leaped from a bench barroom style on the backs of brawling colleagues Outside parliament police were alerted for extra duty The Com munists have promised nationwide demonstrations over the week end De Gasperi in a radio address shortly after the vote was an nounced promised that Italy would not be involved in shooting im mediately if an Atlantic pact na tion were attacked and that par liament would retain the right to decide whether Italy would fight He said that an Atlantic pact in 1939 would have forestalled Hitler and Mussolini Service Workers Riot squads Friday broke up a crowd of 3000 gathered in Roman public squares near the parlia ment Jeeps and police trucks sped through side streets and across squares scattering everyone This did not approach Thursdays dis orders in which one youth was killed at Terni and scores were injured throughout Italy Public service workers at Naples struck at midnight and a genera j strike began to paralyze the prov ince Communists held rallies at Milan Turin Genoa and Florence had negotiated an tween the United States and the to do a certain thing it has been vetoed by the Soviet government of Cuba nations in i Secy of State Dean G Acheson who explained the treaty terma n a nationwide broadcast Friday night made it plain that the United States would be obligated to use armed force only the honest judg ment of congress there was no other way to halt an act of ag gression Pres Harry S Truman vaca tioning at Key West Fla said the treaty language has his full approval Key senators of both parties believed ratification is assured but several said they want to know first how much it will cost in armaments The state department said Thursday it hopes to ship the western European members enough arms by mid1950 to en able them to completely equip their existing ground sea and air units But it was not yet sure that oal could be met Cost of the new endlease program has been es timated unofficially at up to 2 000000000 Arms Program The arms program was indi rectly referred to in the treaty Article 3 pledges the signers to vork together to maintain and develop their individual and col ective capacity to resist armed attack Another clause sets up a defense committee representing the armed forces of all the powers o coordinate their preparedness measures The geographical area covered by the pact is defined in the treaty as 1 The territory of the signing nations on the North American and European continents 2 Algeria in North Africa be cause it is legally a part of France rather than a French colony 3 Islands in the north Atlantic north of the tropic of cancer The tropic of cancer runs just south of Key West Fla and north Acheson told a news conference earlier Friday that the constitu tional authorities in this country aggressors while disunited But now in the Atlantic pact j na auores n s c meaning congress in case war he said they 1 have expres sed on was to be would decide paper the underlying determma1 what action was necessary tion to preserve oui way of We But he left no doubt in the freedom of the feedom of minds of his hearers that he be religion and the rights of liberty See Page 2 Column A of the individual The treaty also states specifi cally that the occupation forces of any party in Europe and any of their ships or aircraft operating in the north Atlantic area are covered Thus the pact territory extends from the north polar wastes in See Page 2 Column 1 MOST PERTINENT POINTS Heres Summary of Compact program a year I terpretation said I downa elsewhere WASHINGTON March 18 CP A glance at the proposed North Atlantic treaty Sponsors United States Canada Britain France Belgium the Netherlands and Luxembourg Norway Italy Portugal Denmark and Iceland are expected to come in later Announced purpose To safeguard the freedom com mon heritage and civilization of their peoples founded on the prin ciples of democracy individual liberty and the rule of law The nnb An armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or j North America shall be considered an attack against them all j In case of such an attack each of the nations agrees to assist the party attacked by taking such action as it deems necessary in cluding oho use of armed force Attack defined Its an armed attack on the territory of any of the parties in Europe or North America on the Algerian departments of France on the occupation forces of any party in Europe on the islands will maintain and develop their individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack This covers the expected arms aid from the U S Effective date After its ratification by a ma party lu uu Alter us uy a ma under the jurisdiction of any part jority of the signers including the in the North Atlantic area north u S Britain France Canada of Uie Tropic of Cancer or on the Belgium Luxembourg and the vessels or aircraft in this area of any of the parties U N tiein The U N Security council must be notified immediately of any armed attack on the member na tions and of all measures taken as a result Those measures shall end when the security council has taken the measures necessary to restore international peace and se curity Mutual help The members pledge that by means of continuous and effective selfhelp and mutual aid they Netherlands The treaty is to be signed the first week In April Ratification by the U S senate wil be necessary Length of agreement At least 21 years with th6 treaty to be reviewed after it has been in effect 10 years Now members By unanimous agreement the signers can invite to membership any other European state Jn a position to further the principles of this treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic area   

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