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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 15, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO ISEWS am am pm Intermoiintain Network Station KALL MopJTv Through Frldav VOL 158 NO 152 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH TUESDAY MORNING MARCH 15 3940 WEATHER cncrnllv fair and mild slight northwest rain Details on Page 19 PRICE FIVE CENTS UMW Strike Cuts Coal Output to Nil 62000 Railroaders Idle as Effects Of Walkout Spread PITTSBURGH March 14 The coal industrys 20th major work stoppage since 1919 Monday cut production to a mere trickle j Coal dependent industries began living off their fat the big j stockpiles garnered during the j current mild eastern winter More j than 62000 railroaders were forced into idleness About 471000 hard and soft coal j miners stayed home to observe a ivvoweek shutdown called by United Mine Workers President1 John L Lewis The miners boss ordered ail diggers east of the Mis1 sissippi to remain idle as a me morial to dead and injured miners j Lewis also wished to project the UJMWs opposition to the pointment of Dr James Boyd as director of the U S bureau of mines Lewis called him unquali fied The senate interior commit tee Monday approved his appoint ment In Western States Only about 32000 miners re msined at work in western states A I Vj I If where Lewis made an exemption A dllV in his stop work order He said the severe winter there made con tinned production necessary i Another 17000 miners in nilj nois were busy in the pits They Trumans Forces Call Off Fkht to Break Filibuster IRuss Shake Up I Ousts State i Plan Leader Okehs Arms Budget Of Billions To Top 48 Speiidin Talk Over Important Defense Proposal S Scrv of State Dean Acheson riglit lalks i son as they met at state department o talk over with Icelands foreign minister Bjnrni Brncdikkts important north Atlantic security proposal to the Mine I trinia a few coal stripping operaj lions were working but the output 5 in Wives of western Pennsylvanias 56 000 idle miners complained of hardship before Easter But one prac tical housewife declared Were just going to have our men do the spring housecleaning Another Sunday e I T 1 1 Of Icelanders WASHINGTON March 11 United States assured Iceland Monday that bases will not be required on its soil as the price for admission to the Atlantic defense pact ENVOY JOB OFFER Bribery Cry Stirs WireTap had baen offered the ambassador didnt have enough influence to ship to France to call off his fight j fix a traffic ticket coal It was like another Sunday in j porters after rncrting with Secy I denied charge by the clean gov al towns Miners spent the day j of Stale Dean Acheson to inquire j ernment champion topped a day lounging at home at various na tionality clubs doing the wash or defense alliance making house repairs Bcnediktsson conferred with The coalcarrying railroads felt Acheson for 40 minute Later lie about Icelands possible role in the of whirlwind developments in the the pinch of the mine shutdown Quickest Temporarily furloughed on orders to be laid off soon more than 62000 members talked for nearly two hours with counselor Charles E Bohlen the oT train crews or shop workers o Tho Virginia Railway was the latest to announce furloughs Thatj pert and John D Hickerson chief European division Says Talks Interesting line said 2000 of 3800 employes j Questioned by reporters he de would be idle later this week j dined to go into details hut smil The idle miners and railroaders his discussions very swelled to about 3742000 the to jntpresting tai number of unemployed persons Tne assurance that no in the nation from all causes be needed on Icelandic fore the mine shutdown began soil during peacetime was in line the government had reported ij wjth pledge given to j 200000 were jobless in the Tmited befOrc t decided to join j Stitos the negotiations for the alliance Virtually at Standstill In case cf war however the vi whole question of bases would be Hard coal production vasi Mr c mined government officials tually at a standstill One producer f diate be large supplies cite marketing areas but small stocks in the producing regions Italy Portugal ext A U M W leader in the hard MOSCOW March 11 i supreme Soviet approved Monday j night a newly revealed shakeup of i top Soviet leaders in which Nikolai A Voznesensky was rej placed as chairman of the importj ant state planning commission j Also approved was the 1949 j bvidget The supreme Soviet which had convened last Thursday ad journed its sessions The new budget calls for mili tary expenditures of 79000000000 rubles under the Russian exchange This is an increase of almost 20 over j military expenditures for last year Top 48 Expenditures The budget provides for total expenditures of 415355000000 I rubles and for revenues of 455 i 208000000 rubles and revenues j 408400000000 Voznesensky also was relieved of his duties as deputy prime NEW YORK March 11 tional slot machine racket Cosj Jjdcnf su Crusading multimillionaire tsllo said he was just an exoootj urt of the Soviet denin J Ryan asserted Monday he I legger gone straight and that he anoarentlv TJ riirfni havp pnnnph influence to lne changes apparently part of an overall shift of re sponsibility involving the release of V M Molotov as foreign minis ter and A i Mikoyan as foreign trade minister Delayed Announcement The decision to release Vozne sensky and Golyakov was taken at about the same 5 was not revealed until an announcement was made Monday to the supreme Soviet which has been in session on the budget In the cases of Molotov and Mikoyan at least the prevailing impression among foreign diplo mats here has been that no demo tion was involved MoSotov still under Stalin and Mikoyan re mains in the allpowerful polit buro the Communist party execu tive Early Morning Wrangle o c1 Puctuates Senate Battle WASHINGTON March 15 Tuesday The senate recessed at am EST Tuesday for one last desperate attempt to end the southern filibuster by a compromise The action was taken on motion of Sen Scott Lucas of Illinois the Democratic leader WASHINGTON March 15 Tuesday The senate was engaged in a sharp argument shortly before 2 am EST Tuesday on whether the great filibuster battle should be called off or to oust New Yorks Mayor Wil 3A suggestion by Clendenin liam ODwyer and destroyed the Ryan that ODwyer was both alleged powerbehindthethrone yellow and lazy and that the wiimu CUUW dllU IdtJr OJ1U vJiu1 1111 Iceland s visiting foreign minis of exconvct Frank Cos grand jury investigating wire ten Bjarni Benediktsson said this tello tapping also took its orders from i was quite clear He spoke to rej Tnat sensational and quickly Costello Goes Before Jury The 43yearold millionaire citys meloaramatic wiretapping whom ODwyer has intimated is ith scandal which also saw i the financial backer of the wire tapping went before the grand jury himself after seeking unsuc lThe surrender of Kenneth i cessfuliy to confront the mayor in ExDetective Surrenders State departments Russian ox Ryan the exdetective who jumped j ins ollice from a washroom window after j He told reporters that he had allegedly confessing eavesdropj been offered the bribe of the ping on the telephone French ambassadorship by a pub tions of high officials Within j lie relations executive Benjamin hours Ryan was charged with Sonnenberg Ryan said he asked wire tapping and with breaking away from police indignant denial by Cos tello that he was the real boss of New York and the head of a na Cwt uaiiy at 5LanutLui sji i 111 Rail DiSBllte e large supplies of coal at anthra 1 coal fields Pres Michael J Kosik of District One criticized that the mine time Tuesday Other top State department of ficials made plans to invite Italy the week tries have been laying men off for enas the past several months Meanwhile miners in Pennsyl vania and Illinois were leading a fisrht to obtain state unemploy ment compensation benefits Pres John Busarello of U M W District Five said at Pittsburgh he thought his men would qualify But A J Caruso head of the Pennsylvania bureau of employ ment and unemployment compen sation said Id say they werent eligible Benediktsson aids said he plans i to to stay in Washington about three days before returning to Ice land to tell parliament there the results of his mission A few hours earlier Danish Foreign Minister Gustav Rasmus sen had personally presented the State department with a list of the military equipment Denmark wants if it links up with the At lantic bloc as expected Denmarks final decision is ex CHICAGO March 14 UP Mediators Monday awarded 1000 000 nonoperating railroad workers their coveted 40hour week with two consecutive days off and no loss in pay from the 48 hours they now work i The shorter work week will take effect next Sept 1 while an addi tional straight sevencent hourly pay boost will be retroactive to last Oct 1 It was estimated the entire pro gram will cost the nations rail roads an additional a The lausyaysoV those who are pected to influence Icelands unemployed shall be course Until a few years ago awarded the benefits Iceland was part of Denmark Watkins Casts Deciding Vote In Groups Okeli of Boyd Trlliimp Unhinston Biirran WASHINGTON prospects appear good whenever compromised Although the Truman leadership in the chamber already had ac knowledged temporary defeat southerners had carried on the filibuster long after midnight After talking 12 hours and 20 minutes Sen Allen S Ellender D La finally sat down But that left the situation very much up in the air Republicans accused northern Democrats of first taking a no compromise attitude and then of trying to surrender Democrats replied that the GOP was talking politics Republicans Resist Many in the Republican ranks were bent on blocking the move by the Truman Democrats to shelve the whole issue for the time being The southern filibuster which started Feb 28 is aimed at block ing an administration move to change senate rules to facilitate passage of civil rights bills It was a highly unusual situa tion Southern Democrats sworn WASHINGTON March 14 to defeat civil rights bills and Sen Harry Byrd D Va an1 northern Republicans who advo nounced Monday he will vote Sen Harry F Byrd Doubts Mon C Wallgrens qualifications Byrd Against Senate Nod Of Wallgren 12 HOURS to have the offer put in writing Sonnenberg immediately denied the claim Of course I never did any GENERAL ALARM such thing nor have I had any contact with Mr Ryan since I helped him on a property case last year Sonnenberg said I simply cannot understand why he should say such a thing Wheels Grind Fast The wheels of justice were grinding fast for ExDet Ryan who showed up at the office of Atty James Murray and then went along to surrender to Dist Atty Frank S Hogan Murrav said Kenneth Ryan had jumped out the city hall window ships away from the docks from Oakland Base Hit by Blast OAKLAND Cal March 15 broke out and was sweep ing the dock area of the Oakland army base early Tuesday First reports said at least two ships were afire Tugs were attempting to tow I against Pres Harry S Trumans appointment of Mon C Wallgren to head the national security re sources board Byrds vote may be the deciding factor Tuesdaywhen the senate armed services committee has scheduled a showdown on the nomination Six Republicans on the 13mem ber committee were reported like ly to oppose Wallgrens confirma tion Table Nomination Although he did not say so friends said Byrd may vote to table the nomination If a ma jority of the committee takes this action the appointment dould be brought to the senate floor only by discharging the committee from considering it Byrd said in a statement he had reluctantly reached the conclu sion that Mr Wallgren does not possess the administrative quali fications from the standpoint of training experience and compe tency to perform the extremely important functions devolving upon him should his appointment be confirmed Majority Leader cate such legislation apparently were joining to block the Truman Democrats attempt to lay the fight aside Divergent Views However the two forces ar rayed against the administration gave altogether different reasons for their actions The southerners said they feared the move of the Truman Demo crats was only strategic They suspected the administration would revive later in this con gressional session its attempt to change the senate rules to make it easier to curb filibusters and thus pass civil rights bills The southerners seemingly hoped that if they ftept the fili buster going awhile they could wring some sort of binding con cession from the administration men As one southerner put it the Dixie serintors wanted to hold the administrations feet to the fire Perils Rent Curbs As long as the filibuster went on the administration had chance to get an extension of the rent controls expiring March 31 Likewise the second installment of the Marshal plan and other major bills would be bottled up Republicans denounced Monday nights move by the leadership of Sen Ellender Rivals Best In Talkathon WASHINGTON Tuesday March 15 Allen J Ellender D La wound up the third longest speech in senate his tory early Tuesday a talkathon of 12 hours and 21 minutes It was a new record in one re spect It was the longest senate talk without one interruption by a quorum handy device that gives the speaker time to catch his breath and get a little rest At pm Monday night El lender passed the mark of Sen Reed Smoot R Utah who talked for exactly 11 hours and 25 min utes Smoot was never interrupted once and his effort still stands as the longest individual senate speech on record The athleticlooking southerner who keeps trim with a pair of boxing gloves talked almost con tinuously from pirn EST Monday until am Tuesday His voice still was strong his enunciation clear when Tie wound up his marathon address His neat dark suit was unruffled end he hadnt even bothered to loosen his collar He only stopped talking to let the senate make up its mind whether it wants to adjourn and end the southern filibuster against a proposed gag on filibusters or recess while leaders make another try at a compromise Ellenders performance top ped only by those of the late Sens Robert M LaFollette Wisconsin Progressive and Huey Kingfish Long Louisiana Democrat Sen Scott Lucas D ma pressed Some of them said the him almost immediately for caping from lawful custody and the district attorney charged him a short time later with wire an hour after the first alarm was tapping He pleaded innocent to the first charge and bail was set at 57500 On the second accusation Ryan i sounded year Accepted as Binding Findings of a threeman media tion panel accepted by both sides as binding amounted to near settlement of the 6monthold wagehour dispute between the carriers and 16 unions Still unsolved were two issues involving pay scales for monthly rated workers and a 40hour week for yardmasters who were ex cluded from the shorter hours j was paroled in custody of his at I torney pending expected action by the grand jury regarding wire tapping Writes to Warren The Italianborn Coslello once the acquaintance of underworld characters Lucky Luciano and Joe Adonis got into the act with a Jong letter to Californias Gov Earl Warren He took the occa sion not only to deny that states charges that he headed the slot Union sources described the machine racket but also to state yardmaster issue as a tough nut that ho hati no influence with firm him Wallgren a former senator and The Oakland fire department 6 Washington is a responded with all available equip f j w d f Mr Tru ment to the general fire call aorn ident named nim to the base There was no immediate report of any casualities Half a dozen ambulances were ordered out and standing by Observers from the Oakland Tribune tower able to look over the entire area said the fire seemed to encompass an area of the job Feb 7 Sen Harry P Cain R Wash has bitterly attacked Wallgren be fore the armed services committee and in the senate Cain charged Wallgren is incompetent and is soft toward Communists accu sations that the nominee denied about four city blocks i vigorously southerners should be worn down physically Others said the Tru manites were remiss in not reach ing an acceptable compromise with the Dixie group Earlier in the evening Demo cratic leader Scott W Lucas of Illinois acknowledged that the southerners had already won a thumping victory Will Halt Drive He announced that the admin istration would halt for the time being its drive to change the senate rules so that a twothirds See Page 2 Column 3 FOR SECURITY REASONS and indicated it may take some the senate gets through filibuster time to solve March In disregard of the dictates nfjing and takes time to transact Jnhn L Lewis Sen Arthur V j other public business Watkins of Utah Monday cast the Sen Watkins refused to be deciding vote which paved the way jswayetj tv pressure brought to for a favorable report by the sen ate committee on interior on the nomination of James Boyd to be bear on him by United Mine Workers While he has heard very little from individual coal miners f jitLit iiuiu director of the bureau of mines uuh Sen Watki has had rm executive session After a stormy executive session t B d Qffj of the committee Sen Eugene i ITXTW in mM TO thoir Millikin of Colorado moxed to table cers of UMW in Utah To their objection that the miners individu ll ULMCUL1U1J Lllrll tHC lulliitJ uiwlviuu the nomination which meant to hflvg no confidencc in Boyd kill it and prevent any report to savs he believes fulK the senate Sen Watkins joined with the Democrats in votingto defeat Mil likens motion and his vote saved Boyd by a majority of six to five When it was evident that majority or the committee favored Boyds nomination all but two senators voted for confirmation with Milli kin of Colorado and Downey of Sen Watkins says he believes fully 90 of the miners knew nothing about Boyd other than what they have been told by Lewis and other UMW officials Insofar as the metal miners of Utah are con cerned Sen Watkins correspond ence indicates that generally they are in favor of Boyds confirma tion as are most of the metal mine operators of the state He says had on tha 40hour week and the sevencent boost but ran into snags on how to apply the shorter work week throughout the nonoperating classes of jobs Many of these must be manned six or seven days a week Problems to Solve The Mediators members of a presidential fact finding board that originally investigated the dispute were given these prob lems to solve Their report Mon day contained these general work schedules 1 A work week of 40 hours con sistingof five days of eight hours each with two consecutive days off in each seven 2 Where a workers duties can ODwyer with Tammany hall or with the city government Costello said he would have to be a multipleheaded freak like those pickled in alcohol to direct all the sinister activities attrib uted to him and wrote Governor the truth is that I have so little influence over offi cials and judges in New York City that I cant square a traffic ticket for myself Lost Tanker Plane Sighted From Air MANILA Tuesday March 15 B29 tanker plane miss ingsince it refueled the U S air forces globecircling B50 bomber Lucky Lady II March 3 was located Tuesday on a mountain be reasonably met in five days peak Clark field headquarters I Ross Censors Truman Films KEY WEST Fla March 14 Reporters pressed for an exj If the photographeis had cleared White House imposed ccn1 Panation of the security angle their request through him he said satisfactor ar sorship Monday on air views of satisfactory ar Pres Harry S Trumans vacation dents beach He said he could have been made headquarters includingpictures of the chief executive in swimming Presidential Press Secy Charles G Ross attributed the action to security reasons Ross confiscated films of Tom Craven Paramount news camera man and Joe Vadala rcpresent rng National Broadcasting Co television news Still photographers Byron H Rollins of the Associated Press Milton Frier of Acme News Pic tures and Al Muto of International News Photos destroyed their films rather than submit to censorship Unauthorized Invasion proached the security angle fromj the point used by the secret serv ice which guards the life of the president In Navy Blimp The flight was made in a navy blimp It had been previously During the conference Rosa ancleared with the navy the photog nounced that former Secy of State George C Marshall and former Ambassador William D Pawley are flying from Miami to have lunch with the president First Reaction My first reaction to the pic tures taken at the beach was the unauthorized invasion of the presi dents privacy Ross told the newsmen The security angle came into my mind in relation to lifornia casting the only negatnclc arc about as many metal he will have Saturday and Sunday announced Latcr Ross tolcl a news confcriwhat the secret service tota me ivn votes A final vote to approve jnliners as coal miners in Utah And I off No sign of life was seen around jcnce he requested the pictures Ross said that the president which wns spotted I not be used because he considered knew practically nothing about only about 10 feet them a completely unauthorized his action that ho accepted total scnn rt and told the resi Rnyds nomination passed by ajle himself was not willing to op jposfl Boyd merely to appease the 3 In job classifications that re the big plane quire six days of work the indiifrom the air Whether Mondays committee j Lewis crowd pnrtfcularly asjvidual worker will have Saturday from the top of a 4600ft moun notinn insures Bnyds ultimate jBoyds record reputation arejand Sunday or Sunday and 20 to 25 miles of l confirmation is not certain but his good day off Manila the announcement said reasons invasion of the presidents priresponsibility and told the presi vacy as well as for security rlent about it later He did nol I indicate Mr Trumans reaction raphers reported The navy crew in charge had full knowledge of all pictures taken they said The photographers vere notified to be at the airfield at 11 am EST tor a 45minute flight Aloft they snapped shots of the president waving his cap to them from the beach of the president in swimming and of the comman dants house that serves as the White House when Mr Truman is here Craven representing all the major news reel companies as a pool photographer and Vadala also made scenic shots of Key West itself No installations of the submarine station or other navy operations here were taken I Solons Driving To Let State Control Rents WASHINGTON March 14 A powerful drive developed in the house Monday to let states coun ties and municipalities throw out federal rent controls any time they please Crucial house voting on the bill was set for Tuesday There will be a new effort to kill the con trols completely Voting will be close There appeared doubt that ad ministration forces can turn back an amendment by Rep John Bill Williams D Miss proposing to give the state legislature or com parable governing bodies of coun ties and cities power to veto fed eral rent ceilings Bipartisan Backing Under Williams amendment which had strong bipartisan back ing the federal controls must be withdrawn at any time a local governing body says so i Meanwhile a senate banking sub committee voted to strengthen some provisions It did not reach i a showdown on how long controls should be continued The pres ent law expires March 31 A threat persisted that con trols might end then with the legislation lost in the filibuster delayed senate Sen Maybank D S chairman of the full banking committee predicted the committee as a whole will not vote on rents until the situation in the senate is resolved Strong Moreover Sen John J Spark man D Ala said there is a rather strong feeling in the sub committee that the individual states ought to get started oii standby rent control laws of their own and get them on the statute books The Alabamian added There is a strongfeeling that the time is coming rent con trol will be basically a problem for the states At this time while about 30 state legislatures are in session they ought to be given due warning that this is essentially a problem for them A few states already have their own rent laws for use if fedr oral end
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