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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - March 5, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Ihroutb Friday WEATHER Fair and continued warm Details on Page 24 VOL 158 NO 142 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SATURDAY MORNING MARCH 5 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS House Votes For Ruling On Hospital Urges Court Action To Prevent Lee From Interference By RICHARD A SQUIRES The house of representatives Friday voted to ask the attorney general to bring proceedings in the state supreme court to pre vent Gov J Bracken Lee from interfering with the construc tion of the Childrens Crippling Diseases hospital Gov Lee called a halt on con struction last week in connection with a reexamination of the states building program The sweeping motion to involve the states chief executive in a court action passedthe house 43 votes for 13 against as two Re publicans joined with the Demo cratic majority in asking a court test of the governors power to stop the building Shows House Temper While it is doubtful that the gov ernor can be enjoined by the su preme court the action was significant as an indication of the temper of the house Action of the house in seeking the restraining order was described by the governor as just what I wanted Gov Lee explained an injunction would relieve him of responsibility in determining status of the pro posed construction and would place full responsibility squarely on the house The contractor for the hospital Ellis W Barker Co has informed tne engineering commission that unless he is permitted to continue construction he will be liable to subcontractors and for materials ordered He indicated financial redress would be sought Majority Leader Maurice An derson D Utah presented the motion after reading a letter from Atty Gen Clinton D Vernon in which the state officer held the contract for construction of the hospital is a valid existing con tract Urges Building Start The motion as passed included the state building board with the governor as a party to the re quested injunction to prevent them from interfering with the legisla tive mandate and laws of the state relating to the hospital The motion also requested that the attorney general use what ever steps are necessary in order to getconstruction recommenced In presenting his motion Rep Anderson charged that the build ing boards stoporder requested by the governor incurs serious and unnecessary expense to the state If the construction halt is al lowed to continue Rep Anderson said the state will lose a Jarge share of the funds set up for the hospital He said the state stands to lose per day during the stoppage Blinority Member Objects Rep William N Brotherson R one of the minority party members to object to the motion said he felt that the legis lature was stepping outside of its realm to consider the motion It is the job of the executive branch of the government to ad minister the law as it sees fit It is none of our business he said Atty Gen Vernon said that noti fication of the houses action had not reached him He declined to comment until he had studied the text of the motion but said that tie would be willing to cooperate with all state officials General Called Up WASHINGTON March 4 UP army Friday recalled Lt Gen Robert L Eichelberger to duty as a consultant on nonmili tary aspects of the Japanese oc cupation Molotov Fired Vishinsky Named Foreign Minister Foes in Long Battle of tlie Filibuster Top generals in the battle of the filibuster now raging on the senate floor include Sen Richard B RusscU D left Ms southern bloc col league Sen Walter F George D right and senate majority leader Scott Lucas D HI of the administration camp Lucas announced Friday a special coonoil of war will be held Saturday to plot further antifilibuster finish fight strategy LEGISLATIVE HIGHLIGHTS THE SENATE Passed 11 noncontroversial bills on final reading Killed bill to set up commis sion to supervise boxing and wrestling Started debate on basic sci ence bill which would require practitioners of the healing arts to pass examination in basic sciences Adjourned until 10 am Sat urday THE HOUSE Approved bill to outlaw locker system of handling liquor in private clubs Approved bill to increase tax on use Diesel fuel from 4c to 6c per gallon Defeated a motion to con sider a bill to increase gasoline taxes from 4c to 6c per gallon 550000 MORE Jobless Mark Shoots Up Hits Record WASHINGTON March 4 The number of jobless Americans shot up another 550000 in Febru ary to 3200000 the highest un employment since the war The census bureau reporting the figure Friday attributed the rise partly to bad weather in some parts of the country and partly to nonseasonal layoffs in industry The new increase in unemploy ment on top of a 700000 rise in January makes the total increase in joblessness 1250000 for the first two months of 1949 Not since March 1942 had BO many Americans who wanted jobs failed to find them In that early part of the war unemployment totaled 3580000 The 3200000 total of unem ployed last month was fairly close to the figure of 3620000 that pre vailed in December 1941 when the Japanese strike at Pearl Har bor plunged the U Sinto World War H The employment total however was at the highest level ever at tained for the month of February Yankee Democrats Call Talkfest Strategy Meet WASHINGTON March 4 UP administration lead ers Friday night called a confer ence for Saturday of northern Democratic senators to determine future strategy in the senates antifilibuster fight Senate Democratic Leader Scott W Lucas of Illinois said the meet ing would be held at 10 am E S T He said it was called by Sen J Howard McGrath W who also is chairman of the Democratic national committee Bid Pepper Kefauver Lucas said invitations were sent to 25 senate Democrats Among them were Sens Claude Pepper of Florida and Estes Kefauver of Tennessee who have not joined their southern colleagues in the weeklong debate against the ad ministrations antifilibuster pro posal Leader of the southern bloc which includes such influential senators as Walter F George of Georgia is Sen Richard B Rus sell also of Georgia The call for the meeting came amidst growing talk of a southern Democrat Republican coalition fired up by Pres Harry S Tru mans call for ending senate de bates by a simple majority vote Sees Drive Doomed Senate Republican Leader Ken neth S Wherry said the presi dents intervention had doomed the administrations antifilibuster drive But Lucas insisted he would carry the fight tc a finish regard less of what comes He said Sat urdays meeting was called to de cide future strategey The meeting is expected to de termine whether the senate will go into night sessions next week in an effort to break the southern talkathon Under Pres Trumans orders Lucas already had announced he would make a finish fight on the debatelimitation even though it delays the administrations entire legislative program As the senate ended its fifth day of debate on the issue the south ern opposition appeared to be stif fening rather than lessening Sen J William Fuibright D held the floor at the end of the session and won unanimous consent to get it back when the House Votes Liquor Locker Ban The house of representatives Friday passed by a large majority a bill to outlaw the locker system method of handling liquors in pri vate nonprofit clubs The bill has yet to pass the senate The 38 votes to 16 after the majority had defeated an amendment to permit the state liquor control commis sion to license clubs to permit members to keep liquor on club premises for personal consumption The amendment which would have limited the licenses to non profit clubs which had been in operation at least three years prior to the effective date of the bill was sponsored by Rep Justin C Stew art D Salt Opponents attacked the meas ure as a step towards liquor by the drink By legalizing the locker system method we would strengthen its hand and expand its use Rep O W Young D Weber main tained Rep Stewart defended toe amendment as a measure that would retain Utahs liquor laws in their present form Until a recent attorney generals opinion the locker system was legal Now by this bill you seek to change a fundamentally good liquor control law he said Rep William N Erotherson R Duchesne said the legislature never intended to maKe the locker system legal and that the entire method of dispensing liquor in private clubs is a loophole in pur present liquor law Rep A I Tippetts D Sanpete said the special house liquor com mittee that drafted HB 294 was unanimous in agreeing that the lockers must go If we are to have an enforce able liquor law locker systems cannot be legalized unless we legalize sale by drink he said Rep John A Rowberry D Tooele said he was against sale by drink but he felt outlawing of the locker system would bring it about If you take this privilege away from decent members and oper ators of private clubs you have turned them all ihto supporters of a wide open state You and I wont pass the salebydrink law next session Their legislative candi dates will he said John A Murch D Cache questioned the membership of the house committee that drafted the bill All of you are high priests in the L D S church I do not mean any criticism as I am converted myself but liquor is more than a moral question Nonchurch mem bers are increasing in the state and many want to drink We must rec ognize this and regulate drinking Prohibition wont work he said House members voting against the bill were Bell Bonacci Crouch Daly Jack Jensen Murch Olson Patterson Porter Poulson Roberts Rowberry Stewart and McPolin During the morning session the Page 3 Column 1 senate convenes at noon Saturday for an unusual session In an exchange with Lucas dur ing the afternoon Fuibright taunt ed the daministration leader with a challenge that he wouldnt dare bring the issue to a vote if senators stayed on the floor and listened to the southern arguments for a full week Lucas had accused the south erners of obstructing the orderly business of the senate and of blocking legislation by their fiveday talk against the antifili buster rules change Sen Charles W Tobey R N jumped into the argument to shout that he was sick to the death of this piddling stuff kid stuff talking talking drool drool drool and to de mand When do we vote Well vote when the members of the senate have nothing fur ther to say Fuibright replied 15Month Rent Control Bill Gets Approval WASHINGTON March 4 UP house banking committee Friday overwhelmingly approved a bill to continue rent controls for 15 months and end the volun tary 15 rent hikes allowed under present law The measure indorsed by a 20 to 4 majority is stronger than the existing rent law but not as strong as the administration wanted Chairman Brent Spence D Ky said it will reach the house floor next week The senate bank ing committee is considering sim ilar legislation Kill Rights Rider Existing rent controls are due to expire March 31 The house group approved the 15month extension nine months short of the administrations re quest for a twoyear continua tion after voting down 16 to 9 a civil rights amendment by Rep Barratt OHara D The bill would restore federal control over evictions termed by Housing Expediter Tighe E Woods the key to effective control and authorize the government to sue overcharging landlords for three time the amount of their over charges In addition the committee agreed to give Woodspower to restore rent ceilings in areas where controls have been lifted since June 30 1917 Other Provisions Woods told the senate commit tee Thursday that there are about 100 places where he would end controls now he had power to restore them in event of sharp rent rises Other provisions of the com mitteeapproved bill include Elimination of present volun tary 15 increases in exchange for longterm leases housing where such increases have already been granted would return to con trols at the new rent level the administration sought this Recontrol of apartments in resi dent hotels but not rooms of per manent residents in transient ho tels the administration wanted controls restored on all hotel ac commodations not rented to tran sients on June SO 1017 REPUBLICANS FURIOUS Senate Unit Okelis TH Repeal Bill WASHINGTON March 4 UP The senate labor committee overrode angry Republican pro tests Friday and approved Pres Harry S Trumans singlepackage TaftHartley repeal bill without even changing a comma The strictly party line vote was 8 to 5 Sen Robert A Taft R O co author of the TaftHartley act denounced the decision as a most high handed procedure Sen Wayne Morse R although a TaftHartley foe chimed in that the committee had used iron cur tain tactics Revived Wagner Act The measure would repeal the G 0 Psponsored labor manage ment law and revive the old Wagner act with these changes 1 Curbs on jurisdictional strikes and unjustifiable secondary boy cotts 2 A 30day cooling off period in national emergency strikes 3 Return the independent con ciliation service to the Labor de partment All of the TaftHartley act would be discarded including provisions for 80day court in junctions to block emergency strikes closed shop ban and a requirement that union leaders must sign nonCommunist affi davits to be eligible for services of the National Labor Relations board Bill Faces Delay The bill may not reach the sen ate floor until early April A house labor subcommittee meantime announced it will start hearings on TaftHartley repeal Monday and wind them up after 10 full days Chairman Augustine B Kelley D said committee Republi cans raised no objections to the limitations in sharp contrast to the position taken by senate GOP committeemen They had forced the Democrats to extend hearings and were trying to delay the final committee vote until next week when the lightning struck Continue Wrangle The surprise decision was an nounced at a roundrobin news conference in which Republican and Democratic members sounded off in a continuation of a wrangle that had gone on this morning behind closed doors From what reporters could piece together from their state ments here is what happened in the secret session The Republicans were prepared to ask for a recess until next week so they could finish drafting proposed amendments Sen Claude Pepper D Fla crossed them up by immediately offering a motion to approve the bill as written Offer Ainendnients Taft and Morse trying to head off a vote each offered one of their amendments Chairman Elbert D Thomas D Utah ruled them out of order and put Peppers motion to a vote At the news conference the Re publicans blasted Thomas for his tactics Taft summed up their high handed procedure he had seen in his 10 years in the senate Thomas snapped back that the Democrats opposed debating the issue until doomsday while the country is waiting for action Watkins Decries GrlobeTrotting 6Propagandis ts WASHINGTON March 4 Arthur V Watkins R Utah protested in the senate Friday that globetrotting gen erals and secretaries without the authority to do it are com mitting this country to defend farflung areas of the world Watkins lashed out in an ad dress at a propaganda cam paign he said is being carried on to convince the country that a military alliance with western European countries Is the last chance for peace As part of the pattern Wat kins said military men and mem bers of President Harry S Tru mans cabinet are going around giving a false sense of security to the warweary peoples of the world He cited a Feb 25 statement of Gen J Lawton Collins dep uty army chief of staff that American troops would cer tainly fight if Japan were at tacked and if U S troops were there Pie Secy of the Army Royall backed up Collins statement Startling Shakeup Stuns Diplomatic Quarters LONDON March 4 H Molotov the maa who many thought might replace Josef Stalin as ruler of Russias millions Friday night was released from his post as foreign minister and replaced by the fiery Soviet lawyer Andrei Y Vishmsky the Moscow radio said A brief announcement released by the Soviet monitor in London said only that Molotov has been released from the V M Molotov Many I Andrei Y Visbinsky ranked him second to Stalin I Most vitriolic of Bed orators WHATS RUSSIA DOING By JOHN HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON March 4 The shift in Russias diplomatic high command startled official Washington Friday and set off a terrific round of speculation as to what it means in the cold war When informed diplomats heard that Foreign Minister V M Molo duties of minister of foreign affairs Vishinsky recently returned to iloscow after treatment for what was described as a serious illness He had been treated in Czechoslo Molotov foreign minister of the loviet union since 1939 was known he world ovar as the number two man to Stalin in the Russian hier archy Foreign observers who worked in Russia seemed agreed hat he eventuallywould rise to he forefront as top man in the USSR Vishinsky the man who has aken his place gained interna jonal renown as one of the most ritriolic orators ever to take part n United Nations debates He irst won fame as a prosecutor in the prewar Soviet purge trials The text of the Russian broad ast as transcribed by the Soviet monitor said Deputy Chairman The presidium of the supreme Soviet has released the deputy hairman of the council of forr eign ministers of the USSR Comrade V M Molotov from the duties of minister of foreign af fairs of the USSR and has ap pointed A Y Vishinsky foreign minister of the U S S R The presidium of the supreme Soviet has released the deputy chairman of the council of the miniater of the USSR AI Mikoyan from jthe post cf minister of foreign trade and has appointed M A Menshikoy in hisplace The sudden announcement at the major shakeup In Russias high command struck foreign dip Official Circles Break Out In Rash o Speculation Norse Publish Bid to Join Atlantic Pact OSLO Norway March 4 Norway proclaimed to the world Friday its determination to join the Atlantic pact and its firm re fusal to tie itself to Russia in a nonaggression treaty The governments action taken in open defiance of the Soviet Union was overwhelmingly ap proved by parliament Denmark likewise prepared to join the Atlantic pact The for eign relations committee of its parliament decided to send For eign Minister Gustav Rasmnssen to Washingtonfor talks Rejects Soviet Offer The Norwegian government pub lished the text of a note handed to the Russian ambassador Thursday lacucs jiuu rejecting the Soviet offer of a view by protesting that amendnonaggression treaty intended to ments cant be ruled out of order keep Norway out of the pact and that Thomas used the most At the same time the govern ment announced that parliament in secret session Thursday approved by a vote of 118 to 11 its decision to join Atlantic pact talks The 11 opposing votes camefrom the Communists Norways note to Russia includ ed these points 1 Norway has decided to take part in Atlantic peace pact talks which are aimed at a binding agreement for collective security within a region constituting a nat ural unit No Aggressive Aims 2 Norway is convinced the pact will not serve aggressive aims and that it fits in with the United Na tions charter 3 Norway will take no part in aggressive aims It will not grant anybody bases on Norwegian ter ritory as long as Norway is not attacked or subject to attack 4 It will not act on any loose or provocatory rumors Facts alone will form the basis for deciding what steps shall be taken in de fense of our land and it is self evident that such appraisal rests solely with the Norwegian govern ment 5 Norway is convinced that its possible adherence to the Atlantic pact will not shake Its desire for goodneighbor relations with Rus sia which have deep historical roots i tov had been replaced by Andre y Vishinsky their first reaction was this It could mean that Russian pol icy is about to either di rection Diplomatic Attacks The Russians might be about to toughen and intensify their dip lomatic and propaganda attacks on the west or they might be pre paring to ease up and seek a per of international calm The diplomats said further develop ments must be awaitedto deter mine which of these guesses is correct On Capitol Hill some legislators expressed concern lest Russia might Jss preparing SGTIS asiUtary move perhaps in the direction of Finland and Norway The Moscow announcement comes on the heels of Norways decision to line up with the western powers in a north Atlantic security pact de signed to bar the way to any Rus sian aggression Withholds Comment Pres Truman was informed of the Moscow announcement but withheld comment So also did Chairman Tom Connally Tex of the senateforeign rela tions committee and Sen Arthur H Vandenberg R rank ing minority member of the com mittee Rep Lawrence Smith R Wis told a reporter Im looTcing for some drastic move I think if anything it will be a military move I wouldnt be surprised to see the Russians go into Helsinki and Norway also There have been reports of Rus sian troops massed along the Nor weigian border lomatic circles In some quarters such as the U N in the United States itself delegates were astounded by the news In the noisy corridors of Lake Suc cess foreign representatives hud dled and wondered what it meant Diplomatic Circles Diplomatic circles in London stunned by the news speculated as to whether the promotion of Vishinsky might have some con nection with thecurrent move by western nations to formulate a north Atlantic defense pact And while they were speculating on this they also were trying to figure out the significance of the switch which fpund Menshikov formerly vice minister of foreign trade taking over the post of his boss Mikoyan Vishinsky has carried the ball for the USSR in Russias war of words with the east in the U N He established himself in the halls of the world organization as a shrewd diplomat and one of the most fiery of all eastern debaters Some Significance Those who attached some sig nificance to the Molotov dismissal and the north Atlantic pact pointed out that only Friday Norway po litely but firmly told Russia that despite pressure she would not sign a nbnaggression treaty with the Soviets Norway served notice she was casting her lot with the western European powers the United States and Canada A big question waswhat will happen to Molotov now No one knew from the terseMoscpw radio announcement whether he had oeen given aother job More on Vishinsky Page 2 THE GREATEST STORY9 Virgin Mary He0rs of Role God Has Destined for Her Following ourth The Greatest Story Ever Told ap pearlnc dally in The Tribune tbe Lenten sejuon By FULTON OTOSLER At the close of the days work Joseph sat in back of his shop and emptied a palmful of coins from a crock down froma tall shelf Ever since he had first seen Mary he had savedevery mite his wedding 4ay It was good to step abroad after the long days work Now and then the carpenter was saluted By a farmer a shepherd a blacksmith Just ahead of him was a lane and at its turning was the house of Joachim and Anna white dome ghostlike in thedusk Joseph passed into the house with the freedom of one who feels himself already a member of the family Joachim forward the two men bowed ceremonious ly and the younger man kissed the fathers beard Joseph seated himself beside the older man and plunged at once into his business his money he had improved the living quarters behind the house he was ready to buy a goat and Hens and a rooster he wanted his wife Why should there be any delay Later in the damp darkness of the Nazareth road Joseph and Mary strolled and talked Com pletely occupied with a dozen email and enchanting details about their wedding they were op pressed that soft evening withno foreboding It was late when they were ready to say good night but they had come to a decision Within gee tfage
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