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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 18, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Fair Friday little change in temperature Details on Page 28 VOL 158 NO 127 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 18 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Senate Orders Probe Of Architects Fees Governors Request Touches Off Explosive Session on Outlay By O N MALMQUIST A thorough investigation into architect fees paid by the Btate was ordered Thursday by the Utah senate after an explosive session ignited by a communication from Gov J Bracken Lee requesting such an inquiry The legislative council was directed to make the investiga tion after senators from both the Democratic and Republican sides of the house had charged violation of the law in payment of some of the fees and caustically criticized the practice of pay ing out architect fees for buildings which had not been authorized by legislation The governors report pointed out that the building board engineering commission had obligated the state to pay in such fees since 1945 that 284280 had been paid Chief target of the senate bar rage was a fee paid to A B Paulson who resigned as super intendent of construction for the building board in October 1945 for a state office building which had been authorized by the legis lature There is no question in my mind said Sen Mitchell Melich R chairman of an appro priations committee subcommittee which has been checking on the building program but what fa voritism and politics entered into the award of the contract I have been informed there was a plan afoot to give a contract for a medical science building at the University of Utah to the same individual but it was not carried out because of fear of public reaction Not All the Facts I havent all the facts on which to base a conclusion said Sen Marl D Gibson D but this looks like out and out graft on the face of It As I understand It the full fee covering plans and supervision through to comple tion has been paid in full on a building which has never been au thorized and which may never be built I am not too sure he com mented later that this doesnt call for a criminal investigation Sen Ray P Lund R Manti quoted Dr Emile Waltzing Mr Paulsons successor as superin tendent of construction as saying that the former chairman of the board had warned that if a single word about this gets in the news papers you will lose your jobs A partial defense of the pay ments was made by Sen P S Marthakis D Salt who emphasized that he wanted noth ing covered up but added that an investigation by the legislative council would be political be cause it is dominated by Republi cans Republican Friends Our Republican friends he commented want to sliap back at a former administration and look for something that will be of advantage to the present gover nor If it gets into politics I am going to stand by my party So far aa I am concerned Sen Gibson retorted it is not a po litical matter I am going to stand for what I think is the honest thing Sen Marthakis had offered a motion directing the president to appoint a committee of incumbent senators to make the investiga tion But it was voted down by a large majority The motion to direct the legislative council to make the investigation and report back by the 50th day was offered by Sen Day He argued that the senators were too busy to under take the job and that the council was better prepared to handle it The governors report was re ceived in silence on the house side On motion of Rep Maurice Ander son Democratic floor leader Speaker Ed J McPolin appointed a committee of three to work with a like committee from the senate Named to the committee were Rep John W Rowberry D Rep Karl B Preece D See Page 4 Column 6 Wildcat Strike By Cabbies Starts Fizzle PHILADELPHIA Feb 17 UP taxicab drivers started a backtowork movement Thurs day partially easing the trans portation tieup here caused by a sevenday strike of transit work ers The break in the wildcat taxi strike came shortly after Mayor Bernard Samuel started an emer gency session with top union and management officials and de manded an end to the transit dis pute The backtowork movement fol lowed an order at a membership meeting by officials of the Taxi cab Drivers union A F L for an immediate end of the unauthorized taxi strike Back to Service While there was no indication of a unanimous support from the drivers a number of workers im mediately left for the taxi yards and took their cabs back into service In a short time the taxis were cruising through the central city section The emergency conference was the first direct action taken by the mayor and aroused hope of a quick settlement of the transit dispute which has crippled public transportation since last Friday The interest of 3000000 peo ple transcends those of the Phila delphia Transportation Co man agement and employees the said Public Ttfost Patient He emphasized the riding pub lic has been most patient in the face of great inconveniences but must not be subjected to further hardships The mayor referred to the foot autotrain transportation that residents had to turn to when the walkout of 11000 employes de prived them of bus trolley and subwayelevated train service As the new conference got un der way at city hall an allwoman grand jury returned indictments against four reputed striking taxi drivers They were charged with the tireiron slugging of a motor ist carrying workers to their jobs Company Ups Offer Both sides gave a little during a conference with the mayor but it did not break the transit dead lock The company raised its of fer to a 7centanhour increase and the union lowered its demands to 13 cents It was a 4cent stretch by each side Charles E Ebert president of the Philadelphia Transportation Co described the company offer as final The union said the offer was not reasonable and there is no set tlement The strike will go on much to our regret said a joint announce ment by T W U international pres ident Michael J Quill and local president Andrew Kaelin Highlights of Days Action In Utahs Senate House Highlights in Utahs legislature Thursday THE SENATE Ordered investigation on Gov J Bracken Lees request into architect fees paid by the state Killed resolution urging congress to defeat pending federal aid to education bill and to grant such federal aid for capital expenditures in low income states Introduced bill to permit creation of public utility dis tricts to conserve water and power resources and to supply public utility service for all purposes Advanced to third reading a measure to set up a licensing for dental hygienists THE HOUSE Passed a bill providing for the popular election of state board of education members Tabled senateapproved measure to allocate some to cities and counties for B and C roads Approved a bill to exempt present legislative members but to prohibit future members of the legislature from hold ing public positions during term for which elected Killed a measure memorializing congress to set up uni form pension system for all veterans No Way to Spend a Birthday What a way to spend ones birthday muses Miss Miriam Parker court reporter In the Cyrus V Lack embezzlement trial Here Miss Parker and Mondell P White court clerk look over some of the 250 pieces of evidence introduced in the case Lack May Testify Today State Calls Last Witness Politicians ruined me was Cyrus V Lacks charge when po lice quizzed him following the allegedly burglary of the Brigham Street Pharmacy package agency Police Det Ed Gallagher testified Thursday The officer and his partner Det Edward Jackson were the States last witnesses in its case against Lack former operator of the liquor agency at 467 E South Temple Asks to Testify Only a lengthy crossexamina tion of Det Jackson prevented the state from resting its case before 5 pm closing hour in Dist Judge Albert H Elletts court Dist Atty Brigham E Roberts and Special Prosecutor Clifford L Ashton who called 17 witnesses Thursday said they had no other testimony Key GOP Unit Eyes Lodge And Brewster WASHINGTON Feb 17 NYT Henry Cabot Lodge Jr Mass and Owen Brewster Maine probably will be the sen atorial appointees to the Repub lican policy committee it was in dicated Thursday They are the most frequently mentioned among senate Repub licans for membership on the GOP group of 14 who will decide whether there shall be an interim national convention this year and discuss other plans for the 1950 campaign for control of congress There is as yet no clear indica tion of the probable nominees from the house of representatives but the choice in both houses probably will be made in the near future Rep Leonard W Hall N chairman of the congressional campaign committee is a good possibility because of his role in next years campaign Each house of congress will have two members to serve with six members of the Republican na tional committee two state chair men and two state finance com mittee chairmen The selection of Senators Lodge and Brewster is not a certainty Other candidates include both Nebraska senators Kenneth Wherry because he is floor leader and Hugh Butler because he is ranking member of the senate cam paign committee immediately after chairman Brewsfcer There is some talk of both Senators Robert Taft Ohio and Arthur Vandenberg but it is understood that neither desires to serve on the policy group The suggestion of Lodges name coincides with a de sire in the senate to give repre sentation to its younger group The matter will be settled finally at a conference of all 42 senate Re publicans While Rep Hugh Scott Republican national chairman continues to campaign throughout the country for adoption of hin in terim national convention pro posal there is no sign as yet that house and senate Republicans have modified their opposition to it Lack heard Det Jackson quote him as saying that Henry Mc Gean robbed my store and told his S Hatch Glen M Hatch and Alfred C that he wanted to tell his story However thedefense will move for dismissal on the ground that the state has not proved its case The defendant who heard state witnesses identify him afe the per son who turned off the burglar alarm on March 1 1948 at about pm and who placed his 1947 sedan with its dome light burning near the agency two hours later probably will testify Friday Glen S Hatch said he and his associates expected to call between eight and 10 witnesses and that they hoped to finish their case by Monday noon anticipating that no session will be held on Saturday Two Identify Lack B Leland Tanner accountant 422lst ave and Joseph F Sine cab driver 632 Bryan ave testi fied they were passing the South Temple and E st store on March 1 1948 at about pm when the burglar alarm sounded Sine was about to notify his dispatcher over the twoway radio of the alarm when they saw a man shut off the bell from within the store Both Mr Tanner and Mr Sine identified Lack as the man who stepped up to the alarm box and turn off the bell Mr and Mrs Ernest L Luce 465 E South Temple said they thought the alarm sounded at am but were not certain of the exact time Bear Door Open James R Cole cab driver 767 S West Temple testified to see ing Lacks robin egg blue 1947 sedan parked on E street a few feet from the agency the dome light burning and a rear door open on March 2 1948 am He saw no one in the auto mobile Seven taxicab drivers who See Page 4 Column 5 WINTER LOSSES Group Okehs Loan Fund WASHINGTON Feb 17 UP house agriculture commit tee Thursday unanimously voted to make in loan funds available to farmers in the west and southwest who suffered storm losses Chairman Harold D Cooley D N C said he will seek immediate house action on the bill It was introduced by Rep Walter K Granger D It makes available the entire amount of the revolving fund of the regional agricultural credit corporation Loans would be made to farmers who need emergency credit to help them recover from losses inflicted on livestock crops and trees by the winters unprece dented snow and cold Later Rep Granger obtained a special rule to bring the bill be fore the house for consideration next Monday In light of unani mous action by the committee the ITtahn believes the bill certainly will pass President Assures Nation Business Outlook Good Solons Renew Trade Reins Of President WASHINGTON Feb 17 The house Thursday approved Pres Harry S Trumans request for renewed authority to control exports although there were scat tered Republican cries of regi mentation and socialism The vote was 259 to 102 The bill now goes to the senate which had passed a similiar meas ure differing in detail As passed by the house the bill gives Mr Truman broad control over exports until June 30 a 28month extension with changes of the authority first granted to the president in 1940 Law Dies Feb 28 The present law expires Feb 28 Rep Jesse P Wolcott R Mich protested that the president was asking new and unusual author ity and asked Is this a lust for power The Michigan legislator said he was fighting against the sociali zation of industry in this country He said the issues are clearly drawn between those who would retain the American way of life and those who would substitute socialism or regimentation or what you will Rep Wright Patman D Tex stood up for the measure noting that it provides for consultation with industry before controls are imposed 80 Uncontrolled He said 90 of the commodities that were under controls during the war have been removed from regulation In effect the house bill would allow the president to prohibit or curtail exports of any articles ma terials or supplies in order to safe guard the domestic economy and help carry out this countrys in ternational responsibilities It provides however that ex ports of agricultural commodities includingfats and oils shall not be controlled in times when the secretary of agriculture says there is a surplus The legislation would also per mit the heads of certain federal agencies to subpoena records and books of business concerns It de clares that the information so ob tained could be made public if it is deemed contrary to the national interest to keep it secret Injunction Ace Held Vital In Labor Law WASHINGTON Feb 17 Charles E Wilson president of General Electric Thursday urged congress to keep the injunction weapon against critical strikes in atomic plants and other vital in dustries He also called for much broader protection against com munism in labor relations Wilson told the senate labor committee he honestly cant find any abuses in the TaftHartley act He said he is genuinely alarmed at the labor bill proposed by the Truman administration be cause it would remove safeguards now so wisely in force This bill would repeal TaftHartley law and return to the Wagner act of 1935 with certain additions Clashes With Senators Wilsons emphatic testimony ran him into clashes with Demo cratic senators who are backing the bill For example when Wil son said the men in the shops really favor the TaftHartley pro visions Sen Claude Pepper D Fla replied that TaftHartley is just anathema to the mass of workers Wilson and G E vice president L R Boulwarf presented the views of the company with frequent references to the atomic energy plants G E operates under con tract with the government They not only pleaded for re tention of the TaftHartley 80 day injunctions for delaying emer gency strikes but Wilson sug gested that congress explore how this provision may be strength ened He said it certainly must not be weakened Broader Oath Clause Concerning Communists the TH law provides that a union cant get any help or consideration from the National Labor Relations board unless its officers swear they arent Communists and dont believe in violent overthrow of the government The General Electric executives i See Page 2 Columns Mon C Wallgren Defends qualifications for high post Wallgren Cain Trade Bitter Personal Jabs WASHINGTON Feb 17 UP Harry P Cain R Wash Thursday denounced former U S Sen Mon C Wallgren D Wash as a poolplaying politician utter ly unfit to be chairman of the National Security Resources board Wallgren retored that Cain was rehashing old political ammuni tion of my enemies and defended hiir qualifications tot the post The two men traded bitter in sults at a high tension meeting of the senate armed services commit tee which is considering Pres Harry S Trumans nomination of Wallgren to the a year de fense job Hearing Monday The committee will continue the hearings Monday when Cain has promised to present new evi dence to support his attack on the character ability and public rec ord of his wellow Washingtonian Wallgren an old friend of Pres Truman who had served 12 years in the senate and house was de feated for reelection as governor of Washington last fall Cain criticized Pres Truman for making the most capricious potentially dangerous and injur ious nomination of the 20th cen tury when he tapped Wallgren to fill the vacant security board chairmanship Repudiated by People Asserting that Wallgren was ex pelled from high school went bankrupt in business and was re pudiated by the people of his state for public office Cain said he conspicuously lacks the require ments demanded by the assign ment he seeks Wallgren given an immediate opportunity to reply told the com mittee it was not true that he was expelled from high school and that he considered it no dis grace to have failed in business in the 1932 crash or to have lost an election He added that at least he has had the same wife for 35 years Cains wife is suing him for di vorce The committee went into closed session for five minutes at the end of the daylong wrangle to hear a personal statement from Cain Stands Firm for Tax Hike Despite Industry Protests WASHINGTON Feb 17 Harry S Truman ad vised the nation Thursday not to get alarmed over the business outlook He said that current price drops are only the leveling off that everybody has been expecting At the same time he served notice that he still wants congress to boost taxes by Mr Truman told a news conference that at his suggestion the house ways and means committee decided to take up plans for expanding the social security program before considering tax legislation He said the reason for this was that the tax proposals were not drafted in detail yet but he mphasized that his recommendation for the full amount of the tax boost still stands Many leading congressional and business leaders however oppose such an increase now They contend any such action should be postponed until the 1949 economic prospects clarify The president spoke confidently of the business outlook while voic ing the hope there will be no new price spirals Government employment experts meanwhile predicted the big test of whether the country will follow the prosperity path or bog down on a depression detour will come in March or April Thats when the major construc tion and manufacturing industries normally begin largescale hiring after winter cutbacks Experts Analyze Outlook If the number of about growing then de spite the seasonal job opportuni ties the experts say that will pose a problem probably calling for government action to spur pro duction But if the number of jobless workers drops in the spring or even stands still the government officials say that will prove pretty conclusively that the nation is in for a period of general economic advancement Pending outcome of these fore casts government officials have these other strawsinthewind to follow 1 A majority of 17 economists representing private industry Thursday warned congress against approving the administrations re quest for higher taxes and wage price allocation controls They contended that such a move now would hamper business expansion and that the lawmakers should postpone action until the 1949 eco nomic picture is in better focus Merely Economic Burp One of the witnesses A D H Kaplan of the Brookings institu tion told the senatehouse eco nomic committee that the present slack in business activity is merely an economic burp not a belly ache Continuing his nursery analogy he added I think the baby has been tak ing the bottle very fast since the war You cant keep crowding milk into a is a time for letting the baby burp 2 The U S Chamber of Com merce provided its members with statistical weapons for use in an expected battle over labor de mands for a fourth round of wage increases 3 It issued a pamphlet saying that if all business profits were wiped out prices could be cut for a short time by less than It said also that government fig ures show that both hourly and weekly wages have gone up con siderably more than the cost of living since 1939 Oppose Wage Hike The C of C statement added If we can avoid a fourth round of wage increases and limit the federal budget to our means the recent relative stability of con sumer prices as a whole would sug gest that the period of rising liv ing costs is behind us UP BILLION Social Benefit Plans Get Top Priority WASHINGTON Feb 17 Pres Harry S Truman said Thursday he will neither com promise nor abandon his demand for a general tax increase this year He said he approved going ahead on social security legislation first because the administration is not ready yet with the details of its tax program Asked specifically whether his tax program would be abandoned the president said no Asked if there was any possibility of com promise he said he stands on what he said in the state of the union message Widened Social Security The social security program calls for some further government bites into pay rolls In his budget message the president asked for an increase of to finance broader coverage and big ger benefits and a national health insurance program At his weekly news conference he also 1 Said Sen William Langer Ft N D was not telling the truth when he said the president had dropped all pretense of having a bipartisan foreign policy 2 Described as proper deci sion the action of a loyalty board in restoring William Remington to his job in the Commerce depart ment Backs Atlantic Pact 3 Supported this countrys posi tion on the North Atlantic pact as expressed Wednesday by Secy of State Dean G Acheson Ache son said this government was not backing down on commitments en visaged in the pact 4 Defended his military aide Maj Gen Harry H Vaughan for receiving a decoration from the Argentine government He ex plained that federal law Vaughan to accept the medal as an individual so the medal is now in the possession of the department 5 Said the current price situa tion does not in his opinion mod ify the need for consumer credit controls nor affect his requested antiinflation program 6 Said the future status of Gen Walter B Smith U S am bassador to Russia is up to the general himself Smith under treatment at Walter Reed army hospital here has expressed de sire to retire PRESIDENT DECLARES PactDefense Views Still Stand WASHINGTON Feb 17 Pres Harry S Truman emphati cally affirmed Thursday that he still wants a North Atlantic Se curity treaty affording unmistak able proof of the determination of member countries to resist armed attack from any quarter The chief executive told a news conference that basic government policy toward the treaty now toe ing negotiated with Canada and western European countries still stands as it was set forth in his inaugural address Jan 20 It was in that speech that he called for unmistakable proof of determination to resist attack and declared If we can make it sufficiently clear in advance that any armed attack affecting our national security would be met with over whelming force the armed at tack might never occur The question of American policy arose at his conference Thursday as a result of the senate debate last Monday during which it was brought out that senate leaders are against any treaty commit ment which could automatically put this country into war Some senators also expressed strong objections to any moral commitment that the United States under the proposed treaty would fight if another of the mem ber countries was attacked This debate served to drama tize the central issue which has taught the State department in a two way negotiation between such senate leaders as Sens Arthur H Vandenberg R Mich and Tom Connally D Tex on one hand and on the other the represent atives of the western European nations Secy of State Dean Acheson is scheduled to take up the issue with the whole senate foreign re lations committee Friday in a closed session When a reporter told Mr Tru man that as a result of discussions earlier this week there seemed to be some confusion about the American attitude toward the pact The said that his ideas had been very clearly ex pressed by Secy of State Acheson Wednesday after an interview with him Mr Truman thus indorsed Achesons statement reaffirming this countrys basic purposes in negotiating such a treaty Acheson also said the United States was not backing down from its original intentions The presidents com ment made clear that this too was his position Furthermore Mr Truman said that United States policy had been clearly set forth by resolutions adopted in the house and senate last June and in his own inaugural message He added that there no confusion about the matter at all
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