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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 12, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS f i9Q am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday fib tin WEATHER Snow southeast snow flurries northwest Saturday colder Details on Page 22 VOL 158 NO 121 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SATURDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 12j1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Truman Recalls Lee T1 A i Deficit Bill ike as Adviser Of Symphony Gen Dwight D Elsenhower Will serve General Asked to Help Smooth Rift Among Joint Staff Chiefs WASHINGTON Feb 11 Dwight D Eisenhower has been recalled to temporary duty to advise Pres Harry S Truman and to help the joint chiefs of staff decide problems of overall military strategy it was revealed Friday The White House announced that the former army chief of staff has been borrowed from his post at president of Columbia university New York to take a top role in military second only to Defense Secretary Forrsstal Principal Adviser The fivestar general will serve principal military adviser and consultant to the president and Forrestal the assistant White House press Secretary Bben Ayers said In addition he will act as pre Biding officer of the joint chiefs of staff consisting of the chiefs of staff of the army navy and air force Ayers said it was planned that Eisenhowers assignment will be of relatively short duration due to his other commitments He has been granted a seven to tight week leave from Columbia Both the White House and de fense officials denied that Tkes recall implied any worsening of the cold war with Russia Biggest Job A defense spokesman said his biggest job will be to forge agree ment among the joint chiefs on etrategic problems and to handle accumulated routine matters af fecting the three services The spokesmandisclosed that pretty basic strategic problems have not been settled by the joint chiefs mainly affecting emphasis as to one area against another He did not elaborate He said that among other things some problems concerning the duties of the three defense branches may be laid before the former army leader The navy and air force have been at sharp odds for example over which should Ijave the major in strategic bombing Long Advocated will the first time the joint chiefs have had a presiding officer Eisenhower has long ad vocated the post and Forrestal recommended a responsible head in Jang annual report to congress on Dec 29 Pres Truman is expected to ask congress soon to carry out that recommendation The defense spokesman said no when asked if Eisenhowers assign ment means he is being groomed for the top job on a permanent basis The White House said his recall will not cause any particular change in the status of Adm Wil liam D Leahy chief of staff to the president who is at the navy sub marine base Key West Fla re cuperating from an operation Senior Member Leahy who wants to retire has formerly sat in as one of the joint chiefs but not as presiding officer He is the senior member however and has the added prestige of be ing the presidents closest military adviser First congressionalreaction to Eisenhowers appointment was favorable Sen H Alexander Smith R N J called the news delightful and said it should lead to better military coordina tion Presumably Eisenhower will seek to end the interservice bicker ing on division of the defense money budget The Hoover com mission on government reorganiza tion will soon recommend greater unification of the armed forces and the general would be a logica choice to help put it across with congress The Hoover commission plans are closely in line with For restals views Exactly a year ago today in a farewell message tc his troops Eisenhower said his service to you shall not end as long I live He has been advising Forresta Informally for about two months Norse Offered Pact Entry Report Hints WASHINGTON Feb 11 The United States was reported to have assured Norway Friday that it can enter the proposed North Atlantic alliance as a full partner and with assurance of substantial military backing from this and other member countries This summary of the basic American attitude toward Nor ways defense problems is under stood to have been given to Nor wegian Foreign Minister Halvard Lange by Secy of State Dean Acheson in an 80rminute confer ence at the state department this afternoon Earlier in the day Lange had conferred briefly with Pres Harry S Truman and after meeting with Acheson he wound up his week long visit to Washington with a call on Sen Arthur H Vanden berg the Republican foreign policy leader Acheson and Lange issued a joint statement saying they had held a full and frank discussion of the objectives and nature of the North Atlantic security proj ect While the meeting was secret it was understood that in genera Acheson covered these points 1 The United States and other North Atlantic are now negotiating a treaty draft be glad to see Norway join the group when it is enlargec before the treaty is put into final form and readied for signing Bui no official invitation was issued to Norway to join 2 The United States subject to senate approval of the treaty will make the strongest possible com mitment to give prompt and ef fective aid if any one of the coun tries in the alliance is attacked but only congress can declare war Students Hungry Faint MERCED Cal Feb 11 Livingston high school students have fainted from hunger in the past two weeks Robert Lyon prin cipal said Friday He said it was because the parents were unem ployed and ineligible for welfan assistance They simply are un able to feed their children proper ly he said Truman Billion Tax Plan Not Forgotten WASHINGTON Feb 11 Congress put Pres Harry S Tru mans tax plan on the shelf Friday But a Demo cratic leader said this was no brushoff and that it will be tonsidered at the proper time Despite administration demands for immediate action on the big tax increase the house ways and means committee voted to give priority to Mr Trumans propos als for a multibillion dollar ex pansion of the social security pro gram Chairman Robert L Doughton D N C said his group will open hearings Feb 28 on the ad ministration plan to add 20000 000 persons to the social security rolls and to boost the old age and insurance benefits by at least plan along with the pro nattonai heaifch ktsvtrance program is expected to more than double the fund which is collected annually under the present social security anc jobless pay system The new pro grams like the one now in effect would be financed by pay rol taxes levied on workers and em ployers Mr Truman meanwhile invitei Democratic members of the way arsd means committee to a White House conference Tuesday pre sumably to go over details of hi welfare program The 000 tax question however likelj will come up for further discus sion Only Thursday the presiden told his news conference that th added revenues are needed to hel avoid running up a deficit An Treasury Secy Snyder backe tiiat up with a plea for immediat congressional approval Veto Follows Weber Act Underscoring Utah Economy Drive By O N MALMQUIST Gov J Bracken Lee underscored lis economy message with action i second time Friday by vetoing a bill to appropriate to a deficit of the Utah Sym phony orchestra Earlier in the veek he vetoed a bill to permit iVeber college to give fouryear ourses in three fields of study The veto message was received ay the state senate a few minutes after the measure SB 212 had een engrossed and dispatched to he governors office The brief message said Reason for Veto The reason for the veto action m this measure is basically the same as that expressed by me in my disapproval of HB 2 the iVeber college In brief the reason is that certain fundamental and essential functions of govern ment must receive priority in the expenditure of our revenues and that the state must live within its ncome Attached was a copy of the veto message on the Weber college bill No attempt was made to bring veto up for senate action after Jie message was read But on motion of Sen Mitchell Melich R one of the sponsors of Jie bill it was made a special or der of business for 3 pm Tuesday Override Attempt Several supporters of the meas ure indicated that an attempt would be made to override the veto an action that would require 16 votes in the senate and 40 in he house On its original passage there were 20 affirmative votes in the senate the other three being absent and 46 affirmative votes n the house But some senators who voted for it originally said they would vote to sustain the veto Major developments in the sen ate in addition to the return of the vetoed bill were Adoption of a motion by Sen J Francis Fowles D Ogden di recting Pres Alonzo F Hopkin D Croyden to appoint a sifting committee to take over the cal endar as of Tuesday morning Pres Hopkin said he would not name the committee until Monday Memorial Falls to Pass Passage on final reading of a resolution memoralizing congress not to pass pending leg islation to socialize the medi cal profession The vote was 13 for three against and three absent Passage on final reading of a measure SB 65 to make parents and guardians responsible for property damage up to See Page 13 Column 4 i 1 U S Meddling Aided Reds Jap Chief Says TOKYO Saturday Feb 12 Yoshida newly elected premier of Japan said Saturday that unwise interference by American military governors in Januarys elections wag partly responsible for Communist gains in the diet Yoshida elected prime minister by the diet Friday to form i coalition antiCommunist govern ment said there were some grains of truth in reports tha many Japanese voted for Com munists in protest against the occupation Reds Score Gains In the general elections the Jap anese Communists increased theh number of seats in the diets house of representatives from four to 35 The 70yearold Yoshida who resigned Friday so that his ma jority party could reelect him again said American civil gov ernors in this country went arouric speaking to the people While Yoshida did not elabo rate on just what they did or said he added that the district mili tary governors interfered un wisely in the election Point of Psychology Yoshida said that even though Japan was ruled by occupation forces the people naturally don like to be told everything theji must do He said he was personally do ing everything possible to co operate with Gen Douglas Mac Arthur but added that he knev enough about the psychology o the people to use the allied com mands name as little as possibl in carrying out MacArthurs sug gestions Yoshida declined to enter inb a controversy over whether Japai was tenable to U S forces in th event of an American war witt i Russia Snow Wind Knot Utah Traffic Autoists Urged to Stay Home She Wasnt Alone in Her Predicament One of many caught Friday evening during the raging blizzard Beiilah Butcher 923 Edison St was bombarded by giant snowflakes while calling for a taxi Heavy wet snow snarled city traffic closed major highways and made travel a chore lor motorists and pedestrians REDS ASSAILED Hungary Envoy Gets 4Boof As U S Reply to Expulsion Fresh Storms Bring Utah Travel to Halt WASHINGTON Feb 11 The United States Friday ordered he expulsion of a Hungarian dip lomat and charged that the Com munist high command is driving to smash religious freedom all over sastern Europe Simultaneously Great Britain issued a separate but strikingly parallel denunciation of what was termed a concerted assault on churches in eastern Europe The expulsion of John Florian first secretary of the Hungarian legation was in retaliation for the ejection of two American repre sentatives from Hungary during the trial of Cardinal Mindszenty The state department issued a statement striking out against the impending trial of 15 Protestant religious leaders in Bulgaria It said the similarity between the fantastic accusations made against them and those against Cardinal Mindszenty strikingly emphasises the concerted nature of the continuing Communist assault on religious liberties in eastern Europe Cardinal Mindszenty was sen tenced to life imprisonment on treasqn charges An indictment made public in Sofia Bulgaria Thursday night said 15 leaders of the United Evangelical churches are to be tried on charges of es pionage for the United States and Britain A common element in both Hun gary and Bulgaria has been the ac Yugoslavia Urged To Warm Or No Russ Aid LONDON Saturday Feb 12 told Yugoslavia Fri day that she has no chance of cutting herself in on the Com munist equivalent of the Mar shall plan until she drops her hostile position toward the Soviet Union In an exchange of notes at Belgrade between the two coun tries reported by the official Soviet news agency Tass Yugo slavia protested her exclusion from last months Moscow eco nomic conference Russia re plied Yugoslavia had shut her self out by showing hostility to ward other eastern European countries Russia and Yugoslavia have been at odds since last June when Marshal Titoa Commu nist state was thrown out of the Cominform Communist in formation bureau for hot fol lowing Moscow closely enough and showing ten dencies cusation by the Communist prose cution that the churchmen were fuiityof various crimes against the state with American agents It was in connec ion with such charges that the HungariaTt regime expelled Ste phen Koczak second secretary of U S legation and Robin E Steussy third secretary Steel Controls Vital Krug Tells Hearing WASHINGTON Feb 11 Secy of Interior J A Krug said Friday that allocations of steel supplies must be continued and extended preferably under man datory government authority He told the senatehouse eco nomic committee that the steel shortage threatened an economic slowdown in such industries as electric energy coal gas oil and other metals This vast backlog of unsatisfied demand for steel cannot be postponed he declared Mandatory Allocations For some needs Krug said am frankly of the opinion that voluntary allocations may not do the job and that mandatory allo cations may be necessary Congress already has approved a seveumonth extension of the voluntary agreements plan where by industries such as steel oper ate their own rationing system for essential users Later Krug was asked by re porters if he was suggesting that congress grant mandatory alloca tion powers He answered affirm atively but indicated he thought it need be only standby author ity to use if necessary Spiraling Demand Krug told the committee that material shortages were creating a apiral of growing demand and shorter supply particularly in the field of electric power which he said is 10 below national needs Power supply is handicapped by shortages of aluminum conductor insulators and steel reported In turn aluminumsupply is be ing sharply restricted by lack of power he saidand aluminum companies are casting about des perately for available sources of energy More than 20000 miles of poles on R E A cooperative distribution lines are without wire because of lack of aluminum conductor Krug continued Mercury Drop Forecast On Heels of NorVester A raging blizzard that struck the northwest part of the tate coupled with galelike winds in other areas combined Friday o snarl traffic from one end of Utah to the other State highway patrol officials said late Friday the best advice hey could give motorists was for them to stay home They listed all major highways leading out of the state as locked at various points and numerous secondary roads again ivere closed Even railtraffic was mlted at one point in the state as ligh winds drifted over tracks The new storm from the north west which earlier had swept through parts of Idaho piling up to nine inches of new enow was expected to spread throughout Utah by Saturday morning Tem peratures were scheduled to drop also Another Front HERES STATUS OF HIGHWAYS New snow and continued windj conditions threw Utah transporta ion into one of its worst snarl ate Friday The picture was a follows Trains Union Pacific lines into Wyomirtg still blocked Main line o Los Angeles blocked near Mil ford Line near American Falls Ida blocked Only stub trains Denver and Rio Grande Western irains still moving and only slight y behind schedule Western Pa ific running five hours late al though still moving Southern Pacific canceled its new San Francisco to Chicago trains Friday but was still mov ing Rotary plows used on trains through Nevada Buses All transcontinental sys tems behind schedule and not oper ating to Wyoming U S 91 runs north and south delayed Trail ways system canceled late Friday runs td Albuquerque N M Grey hound blocked at Cedar City Air Lines United Air Lines re ported one plane bypassed city but expected flights to be normal Sat urday Challenger Air Lines re ported delays up to six hours Other lines reported delays but flights were still being made Honor Lift Dead HAMBURG Germany Feb 11 of west ern German states paid tribute Friday to 36 Americans and nine lost their lives in the Berlin airlift Snow rain and hail from an other storm front hit southern Utah during the day but heaviest Drecipitation Was expected to come from the advancing norwester A race with the stork was pre cipitated in snowbound Iron county where an army tank was trying o break through to Paragonah to escort an expectant mother to a edar City hospital Road com mission officials there gave the tank little chance against the drifted roads In other state areas the snow was stranding motorists at various places but no reports of hardship were reported Several high school athletic contests were postponed because of the storm and Brigham Young university wrestlers were left stranded in Logan after a Friday afternoon dual meet there Travel through canyons was being discouraged by highway pa trol officials Sardine canyon on the Box ElderCache county line was one of the early casualties o the blizzard which was describee as the worst of the year in that sector East of the Continental divide a decided temperature drop hit Montana and northern Wyoming Southwestern Wyoming continued to battle 70mph winds keeping roads and rail lines blocked and added to the hardship of com munities cut off from normal transportation Weather bureau officials re ported the brief thawing period at other parts of the intermoun tain region was at an end which came as a relief to some avalanche threatened areas Communities Isolated Two Idaho communities were isolated by avalanches but no lives were lost The construction town of Anderson Dam and the mining village of Burke were the towns involved Thawing weather prevailed in most of Utah Friday for the third successive day but the onslaught of the new storm was bringing the mild temperatures to an abrupt halt In Salt Lake City a maximum reading of 47 degrees was noted during the day and streets were turned into small streams The snow level dropped two inches during the day the downtown weather station reported leaving inches of snow on the New snow in northern Utah and ligh winds all over the state closed most main Utah highways in bot tleneck areas late Friday and iiade travel in other places ex tremely hazardous Roads closed ncluded U S highway 91 through Sar dine canyon and from Logan to Preston Ida U S highway 91 each side of ledar City U S highway 89 from Brigham Jity to Logan via Collinston U S highway 197 from Tremon ton to Malad Ida U S highway SOS from Tremon ton to Burley Ida U S highway 40 east blocked between Park City and Heber U S highway 50 east blocked in Spanish Fork canyon U S highway 30 from Echo to Evanston Wyo U S highway 40 from GranU ville to Nevada Utah 530 from Wanship to Kim balls junction Utah 48 to Bingham Utah 56 from Cedar City to Ne vada line NO ONE HURT only 13 ground High temperatures predicted for fSaturday will be below 30 degrees in Salt Lake City and even lower in other areas Near zero tem peratures will prevail Sunday morning Near Milford drifting snow Blocked the main Union Pacific Railroad Co line between Los An geles and Salt Lake City Com pany spokesmen said they ex pected to have the bottleneck cleared by Saturday morning barring new storms Union Pacific was continuing to See Page 2 Column 5 I To Sportsmen With a Heart You Cant Beat This Value One dollar and fifty cents will buy any true sportsman a great evenings entertainment Saturday night at the Ute field house 1 World Champion Phillips Oilers vs the 20th Cen turyFox Moviemen at 8 pm 2 A great preliminary game between American Legion Post No 2 and Brooklawn Creamery defending A A U champs at pm 3 Bulletins every five minutes on the progress of the UtahDenver and B Y UU SAC games 4 Between halves entertainment featuring Lt Gail S Halvorsen the famous Utahborn Candy Kid of the Berlin airlift 5 And most important net proceeds go directly to the fight aganist infantile paralysis Plenty of good reserved seats are still available at The TribuneTelegram or the Mint cafe and after 6 pm at the field house Be a good sport See a great show All for i Drifts Tie Up U P Trains Near Milford Tribune MILFORD Beaver County Feb Union Pacific railroad mail line from Salt Lake City to Los Angeles was blocked north of here Friday by a driftedin pas senger train plus two work traina stalled on the way to give aid Neither crews working out of Milford nor officials in Salt Lake City expected that the track could be cleared until Saturday morning One of the work trains a three unit Diesel overturned and two of the units derailed as it battled the ice crusted drifts but crewmen and some 30 track laborers aboard were not injured Stalls in Drift The west bound Utahn from Salt Lake City stalled in a drift at Bloom Millard county 35 miles north of here early Friday and nine Diesel units and a work train loaded with a bulldozer and rail road snowplow were dispatched to free the train That train was stalled 20 miles north of here while returning for more equipment The second work train part of which overturned had passed Bloom before the Utahn and reached Lynndyl Mil iard county where it was routed back to help the Utahn Friday afternoon During the day the stranded trains have been in contact with main offices by telephone on the centralized traffic control system and no hardships have been re ported 100 Passengers Some 100 passengers are aboard the Utahn Meanwhile Friday the Pony Ex press north bound to Salt Lake City was held at Milford until tracks could be cleared In addi tion five freight trains were tied up in the Milford yards Friday and two were left waiting outside the yards because no more apace was available A railroad crane was sent from Salt Lake City Friday at 4 pm but it was not expected that it could reach the driftedin trains until Friday midnight A freight train crew that made the northbound trip from here to Delta ahead of the Utahn said that a drift some 6 to 8 ft high and about a mile long covered the Bloom area That stretch of track has been the scene of in termittent drifting but Friday was the first time that the main line had been blocked this winter The track from here to Bloom was cleared Friday and power unit of the Utahn along with a baggage car proceeded to the Milford yards to be refuled The unit returned to Bloom late Friday and recoupled to the passenger cars to bring them here
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