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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 11, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS 30 am am pr Intei mountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Snow over state Friday colder Friday night Details on Page IS VOL 158 NO 120 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 11 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Truman Demands Speed On Tax Increase Bill Crews Clear Debris Where Snow Piled Up Top Came Down Already beginning the task of replacing a house roof which yielded to weight of heavy winter snows workmen clear wreckage at 161 S L Family Escapes Hurts As Snow Collapses Roof 3rd ave Hoof caved in early Thursday morning while five persons were inside structure No one was hurt although plaster struck two The crushing power of tons of enow on a house roof was demon strated conclusively Thursday shortly before 7 am at 1613rd ave when the snowladen roof of sixroom house caved in Five persons including a 1 yearold baby were inside the structure but all escaped injury when the roof covering the entire sixroom house collapsed The snowladen roof crashed Into the attic with a roar caved in a rear wall collapsed the back porch sent plaster tumbling from ceilings and knocked the front porch away from the house at a sixinch slant Heber C Kimball and his wife owners of the brick dwelling were struck by falling plaster but neither was injured Their sonin Probers Study JapanU S Espionage Tie Feb 10 UP investigators set out Thursday to discover whether a Communist spy ring which kept Russia informed cm prePearl Har bor plans of Japan and Germany was linked with a similar ring in this country Chairman John S Wood D said army and navy intelli gence chiefs havfc been invited to ftive the house unAmerican activi ties committee full details on the wperation of the Communist ring Tied to Network The committee wants particu larly to know if there was any connection between the Pacific espionage system and the Red spy network which exCommunist Whittaker Chambers said operated In the United States The army in disclosing the ex istence of the Communist ring in Japan said it probably was the most successful espionage system In all history It said some of the survivors of the ring very likely are secretly busy with their trade at this very moment in the capitals of the world and raised the possibility that some even may be spying against this country Ring in China The army said a similar ring kept tab on developments in China for the kremlin It accused an American writer Agenes Smedley of being a mem ber of this group and said an other American not identified was believed to have been hooked up with the organization Miss Smed Jey in a statement issued in New York called the charges a despic able lie Wood said his committee wants to hear from Maj Gen S LeRoy aw William J Fraser Mrs Eraser and their child William J Fraser Jr who were in a base ment apartment were awakened by tlui roar but were not hurt Like End of World Mr Kimball who said he was reading The Salt Lake Tribune in when the roof collapsed said thought the world had come o an end There was a terrific roar plaster fell from the ceiling and the lights went out He said his soninlaw had shoveled some snow from the roof earlier in the week but appar ently not enough Neighbors near the dwelling said they were awakened by the roar and several said they thought an explosion had occurred Damage Fire and police department per sonnel and equipment rushed to the scene and a crew of workmen arrived later in the morning By midafternoon the entire roof had been removed and about eight men were preparing the structure for renovation Damage was esti mated unofficially at by Asst Fire Chief Albert Thompson William Y Tipton superintend ent of the citys bureau of me chanical inspection said an iso lated case of a roof collapsing should not alarm residents as most roofs are built to sustain a snow load He added his depart ment would make an inspection if requested at any dwelling in the city All Transit Struck In Philadelphia PHILADELPHIA Feb 11 Fri day citys 11000 transit workers struck Thursday for higher wages and brought to halt all trolleys buses and sub wayelevated trains The strike stopped almost all public transportation in this third largest city of the nation It left only private automobiles trains and taxis for carrying the transit systems 3000000 daily passen gers U N Council Vote Rejects Soviet Arms Cut Plan LAKE SUCCESS N Y Feb 10 United Nations security council Thursday night rejected a Soviet proposal for onethird reduction of conven tional armaments and the pro hibition of atomic weapons The Russian resolution called for a full public report of military strength including atomic weap ons by March 31 1949 The vote on the Russian pro posal introduced by Soviet Dele gate Jacob Malik was 20 with nine abstentions Malik was supported by Ukranian repre sentative Vassily Tarassenko The vote indorsing the U S proposal was 90 with two Red delegates abstaining The councils action followed approval by the council of a United States proposal to refer the whole armaments question to the councils special commis sion on convention armaments Bulgaria Jails 15 Clerics SOFIA Bulgaria Friday Feb 11 ministers of the supreme council of the United Evangelical churches have been arrested and charged with espio nage black marketing and other antistate activities it was an nounced officially Thursday A government announcement said the churchmen were accused of spying for the United States and British intelligence services The statement indicated the min isters will be tried at the end of February Leaders of the Methodist Bap tist Pentacost and Congregational churches were among those arrest ed The indictment contained six counts the chief one being es pionage It was charged that the defend ants sought to bring about the oc cupation of Bulgaria by a foreign power It charged also that the defendants created an espionage network on behalf of foreign intel ligence services collecting and transmitting numerous military economic and political state se crets AMONG 13 INJURED Police Seize DAW Officials After IntraCIO Slugfest MOLINE 111 Feb 10 Some 300 members of two rival CIO unions clashed Thursday in a bloody brawl and two top United Auto Workers officials were ar rested The two also were among 13 Injured Fists crowbars and brass knuckles reportedly were swung in the 20minute melee just out Irwin of the army and Rear Adm j side the main gate of an Inter T B Inglis of the navy They probably will testify Friday Atty Gen Tom C Clark also has been asked to testify Operated From Tokyo The Japanese spy ring operated out of Tokyo It had 20 members headed by a German Communist swashbuckling Rich ard posed as a nazi journalist and worked his way into the confidence of top German and Japanese officials national Harvester Co plant po lice said Two Officers Held Two U A W officers were ar rested after the battle on a dis orderly conduct complaint signed by an official of the rival union the Farm Equipment Workers The injured mostly U A W or ganizers were treated at the Moline public hospital for black eyes bloody and broken noses cuts and other wounds Among those treated were John W Livingston of Detroit Mich U A W vice president and director of the unions agricultural imple ment department and Pat Great house U A W regional director here Passing Out Handbills Later Livingston and Great house were arrested on a disorder ly conduct complaint signed bj Arvid Sheets president of F E W local 104 The U A W wants to be bar gaining agent in the plant Polici Sgt Clyde Halloway said the f igh began when FEW workers lef the plant after their days work to find U A W members passing out handbills They began swinging and other mixed in At its height 300 men were said by police to be involve in the affray Two Changes Of Charter Win in House By RICHARD A SQUIRES The house of representatives Thursday passed two measures jroposing constitutional amend nents to remove the state super ntendent of public instruction rom the election ballot and a sen ateapproved bill to continue the Utah State Board on AlcoHolism as an independent state entity The alcoholism rehabilitation and education bill passed unani mously and the two education backed 5 and aroused only scattered opposition both receiving well more than the twothirds 40vote majority needed to propose a constitutional amendment to the electorate Aura of Harmony The general harmony during de rate on the measures in the after loon was in marked contrast to he morning session when the house majority took exception to senate amendments to house bills one making an emergency appropriation to the state welfare commission The house also refused to con ur in a senate decision to cut out a provision permitting the pay ment of overtime to election judges at a rate not to exceed 75c per hour The in creases election pay from 5 to per day The welfare measure was headed or a conference committee after the senate refused to up its recom mended appropriation of to the level passed by the house Praise Accomplishments Praise for the work of the state board on alcoholism preceded the bills unanimous passage Majority Leader Maurice Anderson D Utah pointed out that by remov ing the board from the direct supervision of the state welfare commission its power was strengthened Minority Leader Clifton G M Kerr R Box Elder said the new board had sufficient funds left over from the 1947 appropri ation until next biennium when it will come before the appropria tions committee for funds like any other state department The amendments to make the state superintendent an appointee of the state board of education were included in both the Demo cratic and Republican party plat forms Scattered Opposition The scattered opposition to the measure was led by Mrs C L Jack D Salt Lake who feared that it might take away the peo ples control over education noli Session Pushes Politics Ban In Utah Relief By O N MALMQUIST A project to start taking relief out of politics by attempting to prepare bills which both major political parties will indorse and support was launched at a meet ing of legislators with Gov J Bracken Lee Thursday afternoon in the capitol The technique of compromising differences before welfare is taken up by the legislature has been tried before in the state with suc in the field of legis lation dealing with labor and em ployes But public welfare legislation heretofore has been fought out point by point and sometimes bitterly on the floors of the two legislative houses Bipartisan Indorsement The plan received the indorse ment of Democratic and Republi can legislators leaders of both major parties and members of the public welfare commission Dr A C Lambert who has been making an intensive study of the problem for the governor expressed whole hearted approval of the proposal and added I believe you people are at tending an historic meeting here today Dr Philo TFarnsTVorth chair man of the present welfare com mission said This is exactly what we would calm and quiet considera tion of all aspects of the problem I commend the governor for his suggestion Differences Develop Some decided differences devel oped at the gettogether confer ence but they apparently subsided during the discussion as the voice vote indicated a nearunanimous agreement on a motion offered by Sen Mitchell Mehch R The motion placed the meeting on record as recommending to the speaker of the house and presi dent of the senate that they desig nate the present welfare commit See Page 2 Column 1 Democratic Leaders Balk Prefer Budget Slashes WASHINGTON Feb 10 Harry S Truman eaid bluntly Thursday that taxes must be increased without delay and promptly headed into a battle with Democratic tax leaders in congress The president was supported by Treasury Secy John W Snyder who called on congress to write Mr Trumans proposed general tax boost into law as soon as possible Sticks to Opposition But Chairman Walter F George D Ga of the senate finance committee stuck to his previous statement that congress shouldnt consider the presidents request for higher taxes before next Jan uary Chairman Robert L Doughton D N C called a meeting of his taxwriting house ways and Truman Flays Atom Bomb Report9 Plan over education poli cies of the state Rep A I Tippetts D Sanpete assured the group that HB 139 providing for the popular election of state board of education mem bers would leave control of educa tion in the hands of the electorate On the motion of Rep Ernest H Dean D Utah HB 139 was made a special order of business for Monday afternoon The Weber college bill vetoed Wednesday by the governor lan guished on the table in the house indication that its supporters had not garnered the 40 votes necessary to override Only indication that the house See JPage 2 Column 2 Hungary Ousts Second U S Legation Aid BUDAPEST Hungary Feb 10 IP Hungary expelled another United States diplomat Thursday on charges of spying and smug gling men out of the country Some Hungarians were reported arrest ed in the case Following up the ouster of Stephen A Koczak before the treason trial of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty got under way last week the Communistled govern ment announced the expulsion of Robin Edwin Steussy Koczak was second secretary and vice consul of the U S lega tion in Budapest and its only Hun garianspeaking member Steussy 28yearold native of Madison Wis was vice consul and third secretary Goes to Vienna Steussy left at noon for Vienna Koczak went to that Austrian cap ital last week He has been as signed temporarily to the U S legation there The United States may be con sidering expulsion of Hungarian diplomats in retaliation for the Budapest orders This implication appeared in a statement by press officer Michael J McDermott in Washington when he was asked at a news conference if the U S proposed retaliation He replied Im not ready to say anything on that McDermott said the charges against Steussy were entirely without foundation The State de partment took the same attitude when Koczak was expelled Charge Bribery In addition to espionage work the government charges Koczak and Steussy smuggled men using cars and having bribed Dr Tibor Gal an officer of the customs and some others They smuggled out Istvan Ba rankovics and Barankovics dissolved his oppo sition Democratic peoples Catho lic party and headed to Austria last week He said upon arrival in Vienna the dissolution of the party was a protest against events in Hungary He said it was carried out despite a government demand that it be postponed until the trial of the cardinal was out of the way The government announced the customs officer Dr Gal and his accomplices have been arrested William W Remington Freed of red smear by board ruling Board Clears Sawyer Aid Of Disloyalty WASHINGTON Feb 10 William W Remington Commerce department official whose name was brought into congressional spy hearings has been cleared of disloyalty charges and ordered reinstated in his job A higher ranking department official said Thursday the gov ernments top loyalty review board reversed a lower court ruling that there were reasonable grounds for believing Remington was disloyal Ordered Reinstated As a result Remington was or dered reinstated in his year job The 30yearold Remington has been on indefinite suspension since June 28 from his post as director of the export program staff of the Commerce departments office of international trade Duties of that group include passing on pro posed exports to Russia and other nations Remington was suspended after he was accused by Miss Elizabeth Bentley of helping her in her work as a spy courier for Russia during the war The commerce official said the department would accept the loy alty review boards direction that it reinstate Remington in his post if he wishes to resume his duties Also he said Remington will be paid approximately for pay covering the period from the time he was suspended until the final ruling on the loyalty case Received Dues Secrets Miss Bentley testified she re ceived secret government informa tion from Remington She also said she collected Communist party dues from him She told her story first to a sen ate investigating committee and later repeated it to the house un American activities committee Remington made a denial at the time He said he knew Miss Bent ley during the war under the name of Helen Johnson and thought she was a newspaper reporter He said he gave her no information not available to other reporters Miss Bentleys story was hat Remington gave her secret data on airplane production Her testimony related to a time when Remington was an employe of the war production board He served as an officer in naval in telligence later during the war and went to the Commerce department after the end of the war WASHINGTON Feb 10 Pres Harry S Truman Thursday expressed flat opposition to mak ing public the number of atomic bombs this country has produced He told a news conference that of course he is against such dis closure and that it is not a mat ter for public discussion He added that Chairman David Lilienthal of the atomic energy commission had denied categori cally to him Wednesday reports that he wanted such information given to the public Might Stay Threats The question of giving out more atomic data has been raised by Chairman Brien McMahon D Conn of the joint senatehouse atomic committee McMahon sug gested that if potential enemies knew just how far the United States has gone in atomic bomb production they would hesitate to threaten it But he added that he did not actually advocate making the data public until after a most thorough and exhaustive exami nation on the wisdom of doing so In a statement Thursday Mc Mahon said that as matters now stand congress knows nothing about the number of atomic bombs and hence is not in a po sition to perform its constitutional duties Congress to Pentagon If the congress is denied even the most elemental facts about atomic preparedness he said then the constitutional duty to provide for the common defense has largely passed from congress to the Pentagon The armed forces Mr Truman denounced the trial and conviction of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty as infamous and said it would go down as one of the black spots in Hungarys his tory He criticized the government as separate from the Hungarian peo ple He termed Hungary a police state and said under that kind of government the people are not responsible for acts of the govern ment If the people had their way he added they wouldnt have a police state there means committee for Friday when the issue probabley will come up But Doughton said he didnt see how the committee could get to taxes for four or five weeks at the earliest and added that he wants to know a little more about what spending and revenue are going to be before we take up any of these tax proposals I want to get a look at a few of the appropriations bills going through before I make up my mind on what I think we should do about taxes he said Prefers Budget Cuts George has already proposed a 5 cut in many of the presi dents budget items to make a tax hike unnecessary He wants to delay consideration of tax increases to see the effect of current commodity price drops on the nations economy The house committee origi nates all tax legislation Many members believe it should con sider broadening the social se curity act before going into the general tax problem Actually the presidents social security pro posals include a sizable boost in pay roll taxes Republicans as well as some key Democrats are against any tax rise particularly at present be cause of the economic situation and the fact that congress has not decided how much money it will have to appropriate Firm in Demand But Mr Truman brushed aside ON GOP SPLIT Sage Truman Veils Hints WASHINGTON Feb 10 Harry S Truman i going to let Gov Thomas E Dewey worry alone about the split in the Republican party At a press conference Thursday a reporter noted the Lincoln day speech of the defeated Republican presidential nominee about the split in his party and remarking that the president had been prettj successful despite a split in own party asked whether Trumai had any advice to offer Gov Dewey With a broad smile the presi dent replied that he gave him al the advice he possibly could dur ing the campaign these arguments He said he is just as strong for a tax increase as the day he pro posed it He also told a press conference he considers standby wage price and allocation controls as neces sary as when he asked for them last month and that enabling leg islation will go to congress right away The president would not com ment directly on the commodity price break but he shook his head when asked if his attitude on taxes would change if the trend continues He said the decline would not affect the cost of gov ernment and he does net want to operate in the red Snyder gave the president strong support in testimony be fore the housesenate economic committee He said it is imperative to get the administrations proposed tax increase on the books as soon as possible because the government must build a sur plus in prosperous times if it wants to reduce its national debt Cause For Concern In his budget message the president called for in added taxes Of this 000 would be a general tax in crease and would be extra pay roll levies for increased social security and health meas ures The downswing in prices Sny der said is no cause for con cern and should not be permitted to interfere with efforts to raise the governments income GOP Affirms Bipartisan Aim DETROIT Feb 10 Arthur H Vandenberg R said Thursday night that the de feated Republican party is ready to go along with the Democrats in the bipartisan foreign policy In almost the same breath how ever the senior Michigan senator warned the Truman administra tion that the GOP will hold it to strict accountability for its for eign policy The Republicans will demand sound and firm world plans he said that do not overextend our selves or overpromise others Vandenberg chief foreign policy spokesman for his party outlined his views in an address prepared for delivery at a Lincoln day din ner here A few hours earlier he an nounced that his present term in the senate would be his last He said he would leave public life completely in 1952 because of ad vancing years At that time I will be 68 he said and I will have had 25 years in the senate I think thats enough In the postwar years Vanden berg gained stature as foreign policy spokesman for the Repub lican party His friends often in sisted that he might have been president if he had tried harder The Republican minority is once again the loyal opposition Vandenberg said charged with an obligation to hold the administra tion to strict accountability for what it see on the one hand that our foreign policies are sound and firm and to see on the other hand that we do not over extend ourselves or overpromise others Some say this means the spirit of bipartisan foreign policy is dead Some say that certain re cent unfortunate the stupid Democratic raid on Repub lican representation on the senate foreign relations pronounced its obituary That is not my view The form of things to be sure has changed and responsibilities and initiatives have shifted But the basic need remains It will be a sad hour for the republic if we ever desert the fundamental concept that partisan politics shall stop at the waters edge In my view nothing has hap pened to absolve either Democrats or Republicans from continuing to put their country first i I
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