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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 10, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah EADIO NEWS am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Through WEATHER Snow north clear south portion Thursday warmer Details on Page 27 VOL 158 NO 119 SAJLT LAKE CITY UTAH THURSDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 10 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Weber Measure YernonRllles Lee Voids Liquor Law Vetoed by Lee Refuses College Expansion Bill As Service State Cant Afford By RICHARD A SQUIRES Gov J Bracken Lee Wednesday vetoed the Weber college expansion bill on the grounds that it would create a new service which the state cannot alford After reading the governors veto message the house tabled the bill on the motion of Majority Leader Maurice Anderson D Utah indicating the Weber college supporters had not been able to rally the 40 affirmative votes necessary to override i Senate Republicans reacted to j the message by calling a caucus where it was reported enough votes were mustered to sustain the governors action should the pre dominantly Democratic house vote to override The governors veto message re Iterated his stand on economy in state government and said that granting Weber college a limited fouryear status would result In taking funds from existing in stitutions Far better that we concentrate our funds to provide good facili ties in those institutions presently constituted rather than divide our resources to the point that the results are mediocre in our entire system he wrote The governor said he agreed with many of the arguments put forth in support of a fouryear college at Weber and said no one could challenge the fact that it would be a great convenience to many of our citizens residing in that area Curtail Neither can it be challenged that the addition of new services or the enlargement of existing services must of necessity take funds from those institutions al ready functioning which must undergo curtailed appropriations even under present conditions he said He noted and discounted the nominal amount asked to in augurate the fouryear program at Weber predicting that the people of Weber county will not be con tent until they obtain a full fledged fouryear college It is inevitable he said that two years hence their requests for a fouryear college will amount to several millions of dollars He added that neither at this time nor in ths foreseeable future will the state have money for such an institution By Sticks to Broom KEARNY N J Feb 9 UP Dan Noblel a street sweeper learned Wednesday that he had inherited almost half a million dollars He expressed pleasure but said he would go right on sweep ing streets Noble inherited the fortune from his brother with whom he quarrelled 20 years ago The brothers had been estranged ever since Dan worked for the county government Until recently he made a week but got a raise to His brother Robert founded a soft drink industry and moved into a mansion at Glen Cove N Y Robert Noble died Jan 28 The terms of his will disclosed that virtually all his estate went to Dan although he left sizeable sums to friends and charities 3WAY SPLIT Single Governing Board The governor referred in his veto message to SJR 18 which pro poses an amendment to the consti tution to create a single govern ing board for all state institutions of higher education I am wondering if the creation of one board might not be the answer to this maneuvering for funds and position that occurs every regular legislative session he wrote He urged the legislature to set up a committee or permit the governor to to investigate the entire matter of education and its in an attempt to ob equitable balance in costs taining an this field Utahs High Rating He urged the legislature not to endanger the states high first among the 48 states in ac complishment commensurate with ability to crip pling expansion He concluded his message with a plea legislature that when considering appropriations and new services you ever bear in mind the factor which neither you nor I can control namely the ability of our state and our people to pay For comment on veto of Weber college extension see page 4 Korea Moonshine Raid KOBE Japan Feb 9 Over 80 Korean moonshiners were arrested Wednesday after a large scale raid on homeoperated stills in this city One thousand uni formed and plainclothes policemen took part in the raid Police seized a large quantity of a crude Japanese rice the raid House Beats Bill to Cut Tax on Oleo A watered down oleomargarine tax repeal bill which would not affect state revenues was killed in the house Wednesday after Democratic majority members overwhelmingly defeated an amendment to remove the tax en tirely from the uncolored prod uct The form of the bill as it was passed by the senate and finally killed in the house would have reduced the tax on colored mar garine from lOc to 5c per present rate on the uncolored spread Other House Action The house also Passed a ting counties to increase property levies for support of county hos pitals and mil permissive increase for counties having a value of or more and four mills for those un der 515000000 The bill passed the senate last week Approved a compromise big game board control board bill to increase board membership to six by adding a member selected by and satisfactory to the Horticul ture Society of Utah Private Land Owners Assn of Utah and Utah Wildlife federation Received seven new bills includ ing a measure to ban sale of beer on Sunday and two bills to replace the state department of publicity and industrial development with a annual advertising fund under direction of the governor Threewaj Division The oleomargarine tax repealer divided the house into three camps who favored outright re moval of the tax on uncolored margarine those who favored the compromise version passed by the senate and rural representa tives who opposed any tax cut as a threat to the states dairy in dustry After Rep A I Tippetts D See Page 4 Column 8 Holds Enforcement Of Statute Duty Of Governor Board Gov J Bracken Lee said Wednesday he feels he and the liquor control commission are operating within the law in placing liquor enforcement on a local level The statement followed an opinion by Atty Gen Clinton D Vernon to Rep James E Faust D chairman of the louse liquor committee holding he governor and liquor commis sioners have not complied with full requirements of the liquor control act if liquor enforcement has been left solely up to local officers I intend to do whatever is of benefit to the people within the law but I feel the present enforce ment program is within scope of the law Gov Lee said He added he hasnt had time to study the opinion thoroughly and he would not say definitely what if any action he would take in view of the opinion Exceeds Prerogatives The opinion came in answer to Rep Fausts query as to whether the governor is exceeding the executive prerogative in pro viding for liaison enforcement be tween the state and local enforce ment officers rather than enforce ment on a state level Mr Vernon cited section 460 248 of the liquor act which states The governor and the commission may each initiate and carry on prosecutions for violations of this act in any and all political sub divisions of this state and all city county precinct and state execu tive prosecuting and peace officers are hereby charged with the en forcement of the provisions there of State Should Enforce Mr Vernon said his office is of the opinion that the legislature in tended that the governor the liq uor commission and local enforce ment officers should enforce the act What appeared a discrepancy in absolute requirements of the act was contained in the following sentence of Mr Vernons opinion The sections noted seem to indi cate clearly that the commission should appoint inspectors to en force the liquor laws though the provisions are perhaps not manda tory in this regard The opinion said the section au thorizes both the governor and the commission to prosecute viola See Page 4 Column 8 Group Submits New Rule On Filibuster WASHINGTON Feb 9 new debate rule designed to snap off filibusters by a twothirds vote was recommended to the senate Wednesday by its committee on rules It cant come before the senate for at least a week however and probably wont be considered until late in the month And the pro posed new rule is virtually certain to run into a which may prevent its adop Diplomat Picked to Represent U S at Top Global Parleys WASHINGTON Feb 9 President Harry S Truman and Secy of State Dean Acheson have chosen Philip C Jessup to repre sent the United States at future major international conferences it was learned Wednesday night Jessup who would be given the rank of ambassadoratlarge has been this countrys representative on the United Nations security council He has also held the posi tion of professor of international law at Columbia university He la 52 Mr Truman is expected to send his nomination to the senate within the next few days Jessup resigned recently from his security council post to return to Columbia university Achezon who wants to reduce the amount of time which the secretary of state has to spend in negotiations abroad was reported to have persuaded him to remain in government service to under take the new task Two other shifts in the Amer ican delegation to the United Na tions were also reported to be in prospect Diplomatic informants said John C Ross who is deputy to the chief American delegate to the U N Ambassador Warren Austin is un derstood to have been chosen to succeed Jessup at least tempo rarily on the security council Informants also said Charles Noyes an adviser on security council affairs has been chosen to serve on the interim committee of the general assembly the socalled little assembly talk tion Southern Senators It wont be adopted if a group of 20 southern senators have the lung power and stamina to talk it down They fought it in the rules committee and are prepared to campaign at length against it on the floor fili the The southerners say the bustercurbing proposal is opening move in a drive to enact Pres Harry S Trumans civil rights program which they op pose That program contains anti poll tax antilynching and anti discrimination bills Truman Democrats and a great many Republicans favor the rules change But the southerners say they are prepared to keep on talking against a take up the bill until the administration will have to drop it 10 to 3 Vote The vote in favor of the rules change in the committee was 10 to 3 Sens John C Stennis D Earl Long D La and Lester Hunt D WyoJ voted against it Voting for it were Chairman Carl Hayden D Ariz and Sens Theodore F Green D R Frances J Myers D With ers D Gillette D Kenneth Wherry R Wil liam F Knowlaml R Henry Cabot Lodge R Irving M Ives R N Y and William E Jenner R Ind The rule recommended would apply to bills motions or in any other parliamentary situation At least 16 senators would have to sign a petition asking that further debate be limited to one hour per senator Then if twothirds of those senators present approved the gag would be applied Robert Mitchum Will trade tweeds for jail denim garb Mitchum Film Starlet Get Jail Sentences LOS ANGELES Feb 9 Actor Robert Mitchum week hero of the bobby soxers turned in his Hollywood tweed Wednesday for jail denim He was sentenced to 60 days in the county lockup on a charge of con spiring to possess marijuana The handsome film star anc actress Lila Leeds convicted on the narcotics count growing out of an alleged doped cigaret smok ing party steadily eyed Superior Judge Clement D Nye as he passec similar sentences on each He placed them on probation for two years and ordered another actually possessing off the calendar but not dismissed This means that anytime during the probation period they can be tried on the other count Follows Eloquent Plea The sentence followed an elo quent plea by Mitchums attorney Jerry Giesler whose legal ma neuverings have proved valuable in the past to Errol Flynri and Charles Chaplin and other film colonists Mitchum 31 rising young ex truck driver from Rising Sun Del appeared only slightly af fected by the sentence This is the last time you fel lows will see me up here he jauntily told jailers as they fitted and fingerprinted him Theres a chance that he and Miss Leeds who says shes 20 may out of jail in 50 days Good be lavior normally cuts five days off every 30 in a sentence Midnight Narcotics Bald They were nabbed by narcotics officers in a midnight raid las Sept 1 in a secluded Laurel can yon cottage Narcotics agents testified they found a reefer in Mitchums hand Arrested with them on similar narcotics charges Robin Ford 31 real estate agent and dancer Vicki Evans Their trials come up in March Ford recently was arrested on another narcotics charge on which he also faces trial Mitchums offense Giesler told the judge Wednesday was not due to a desire or habit as to marijuana but was rather due to association and seeking what you might call local color Probation on Provision Judge Nye then announced a jail sentence of one suspended it Mitchum was born in Bridge port Conn His wife Dorothy from whom he was separated at the time of his arrest said they have reconciled and plan to make every attempt to make a success of our marriage They have two sons Jimmy seven and Chris five Mrs Mitchum the actor trouble was over his excessive drinking and use of marijuana Mitchum told the probation officer he had used marijuana intermittently for two years preceding his arrest Cardinal Trial Sickens U S Acheson Says Nations Considering Asking U N Action Against Hungarians By JOHN M HIGHTOWEB WASHINGTON Feb 9 Secy of State Dean Acheson Wednesday coldly condemned Hungarys conviction of Josef ardinal Mindszenty as wanton ommunist religious persecution which has sickened and horrified the free world The United States he disclosed is already considering possible ac tion through the United Nations Britain and France are being consulted on the next move Throughout the nonCommunist world a storm of protest was rising In Vatican City it was an nounced that Pope Pius XII has protested solemnly against the grave offense inflicted upon the whole church The pontiff sum moned the sacred College of Car dinals to a secret and extraordi nary consistory next Monday He is expected to address the cardi nals on the Mindszenty case Wipe Out Reds In New York Francis Cardinal Spellman called on Americans to emphasize their protests by wip ing out every Communist cell within our own government our institutions On Capitol hill the house unani mously passed a resolution de nouncing the Mindszenty trial and urging the United States to raise the issue in United Nations or by other appropriate means There was no debate on the resolution which now goes to the senate Achesons blunt and angry con demnation of Hungary setting forth the official American posi tion came at a news conference Diplomatic officials said it was one of the most extensive indict ments of a Russian satellite coun try ever to come from an Ameri can cabinet member Violates Treaty Clause Acheson noted that Hungary is not a member of the United Na tions But he said the SoYiet cohtrolled country is definitely bound by the obligations set forth in article 2 of the treaty of peace with Hungary And on the basis of this treaty which guarantees freedom and hu man rights Acheson said the United States may bring violation charges in the United Nations In a terse 300word statement Acheson made the salient accusa tions 1 Hungarian authorities are Sovietcontrolled and are seek ing to discredit and coerce re See Page 8 Column t U S Answers Soviet Blast Defends Pact WASHINGTONFeb 9 UP The United States Wednesday re jected Russian charges that the proposed north Atlantic security alliance is designed for world con quest and will undermine the United Nations Secy of State Dean Acheson told a news conference the pact has aims exactly opposite from ag gression He said it is based on specific provisions of the U N charter permitting individual or collective security agreements for purposes of selfdefense His statement was the first offi cial answer to Soviet blasts against the pact Aggressive Circles Russia denounced it again Tues day as the project of aggressive circles of certain powers planning to unleash a new war and in ef fect called for U N refusal to permit it The pact which is under nego tiation by the United States Can ada Britain France Belgium The Netherlands and Luxembourg is nearing the drafting stage and the State department hopes that it can be signed by midMarch One of the questions still unset tled is whether other nations which have been invited to join will come in as original members Brannan Orders Study Of Market NoseDive Charles F Brannan Wants to know what caused market dip Instructs Probers to Check On Speculation Influence WASHINGTON Feb 9 of Agriculture Charles F Brannan Wednesday ordered an immediate investigation to find out whether speculators were responsible for the nosedive in commodity prices He instructed the commodity exchange authority whichreg ulates the commodity markets to check on ail futurestrading in wheat corn and soy beans on the Chicago board of trade Tuesday and Wednesday Chairman Harold D Cooley D N C named a special house agriculture subcommittee to make its own investigation of the commodity break and to determine whether speculators or others planned and brought it about The group will be headed by Rep Stephen Pace D Cooley said the group also will handle other important but that the market investigation New DelJd Court Dooms Gandhi Slayer to Hang NEW DELHI India Feb 10 Thursday Vina yak Godse Wednesday was sen tenced to hang for the slaying of Mohandas K Gandhi last year Sentence was pronounced on the confessed assassin of the Hindu leader by special Judge Atman Charam in the court room of Delhis old redfort Godse said he shot Gandhi be cause he opposed Gandhis con cessions to the Moslems which hrought ruin to millions of Hin dus Godse suggested that the court sentence him to be hanged Postwar Gold 4Rush Off By 5 in 48 WASHINGTON Feb 9 goldmining postwar uptrend to ward prewar levels halted in 1948 and production declined the Bureau of Mines said Wednesday Mine production of silver in creased however and at 37 790083 ounces was the largest since 1943 The bureaus preliminary esti mates placed 1948 gold production at 2001380 ounces Largest declines were in Alaska tout f territory majr reducetne Alaskan loss the bureau said Copper Strike Effect Utahs 50000rounce decline was due to a yearend work stoppage at the nations largest copper mine producing gold as a byproduct Gold output in California the leading producer declined and in second place South Dakota Colorado and Idaho production de clined 9 and 7 respectively Gold production by states California 418490 ounces South Dakota 382000 Utah 371155 Colorado 153000 Nevada 115 640 Arizona 107000 Montana 73880 Washington 72395 Idaho 60600 Oregon 15060 New Mex ico 330 Texas 60 Wyoming 53 Alaska 226323 states east of the Mississippi 2424 Silver Gain General All important silverproducing areas except California shared in the silver increase Idaho only state getting most of its silver from silver ore again ranked first It had a 12 in crease over 1947 in Utah Mon tana and third and fourth out put largely is a byproduct of basemetal ores All but two of Utahs larger producers reported 1948 increases the bureau said It added The Butte Hill mine and dumps of the Anaconda Copper Mining Co accounted for virtually all of Montanas rise both copper and zinclead ores contributing Copper ores supplied most of Arizonas relatively small gain The 1948 silver production by states Idaho 11550000 ounces Utah 7979000 Montana 6776000 Ari zona 4720000 Colorado 2970 000 Nevada 1847100 California 685200 New Mexico 508600 Washington 368450 South Da kota 96000 Oregon 14790 Texas 3600 Wyoming 5 Alaska 58497 Missouri 111705 To Answer Questions The State department is prepar ing its answer to questions asked during the last two days by Nor wegian Foreign Minister Halvard M Lange in connection with Nor ways possible membership Norways questions were said to concern the amount of military help she might get quickly from the United States and whether this government would give arms to Norway if she does not sign the pact Acheson implied Wednesday that this country still prefers to give arms to countries joining the alliance Asked about unsuccessful Swedish efforts to form a separate Scandinavian alliance he said this government is open minded to the views of others but still has its own ideas on collective defense ar rangements will have priority Order to Brokers A formal order to the brokers to hand over their books was is sued even while Brannan told the senate agriculture committee that speculative influences apparent ly were involved in the wild gyra tions in wheat prices He said there was no real rea son for the sharp drops in grain and meat prices although a va riety of factors was involved And he reminded livestock growers they could help keep up their own prices by not sending so many animals to market He said however that the gov ernment is stepping up its pur chase of grain for export That could have a steadying influence on the wheat market Earlier Wednesday May wheat skidded be low a bushel for the first time in two years Brannan said government buy ers also will remain in the grain market longer each day They have been confining their buying to a twohour period That change also could strengthen the market He said the government still must pick up about 40000000 bushels of grain to reach its goal of shipping abroad 565000000 bushels by March 31 In addition he said the government should stockpile about 300000000 bushels ofwheat Outlook for Farmers We still think the outlook for farmersin 1949 is good he as sured the committee Other rapidfire developments in the economic picture included 1 Leon H Keyserling vice chairman of Pres Harry S Tru mans counciil of economic ad visers told s joint congressional committee that the commodity price drop was not surprising but very disturbing He said the basic problem however is still in flation 2 John D Clark another coun cil member reminded committee members that a similar market break occurred just about a year ago He said the fact that Ameri cans are paying their federal in come and other taxes now may be one factor 3 The Agriculture department reported that incomes of farm workers last year failed to rise as fast aa thoseof their city cousins A department balance sheet showed that net income of farm owners actually dropped for the first time in 10 years More 48 Dollars 4 The Commerce department said Americans were paid more dollars in 1948 than ever before despite a fractional drop in wages and salaries Total personal in come for the year was 000000 95 above 1947 5 Pres Truman signed into law a bill continuing through next Sept 30 the authority for indus try to make agreements to ration scarce materials without running afoul of the antitrust laws The investigation of futures trading is aimed at finding out the amount of speculation and what effect if any it had on com modity prices Commodity Exchange Chief J M Mehl ordered the commission houses to report to him by Feb 16 on their wheat corn and soy bean deals S L TRADING Canada V S Mesh Planning For Radar Warning Net WASHINGTON Feb 9 and U S defense commands are coordinating plans for a vast conti nental radar warning network down to the minutest degree an air force spokesman said Wednesday Air force officers Thursday will ask the house armed services committee to approve legislation to authorize con struction of a system in continental United States and Alaska The spokesman said this sum would not provide any thing like an airtight radar fence He said that when completed the planned network will meet only the irre ducible minimum requirement for the nations aerial de fense The present radar t system for warning of air attack is wholly inadequate the spokesman said The proposed network will provide research radar reaching out about 150 miles for some coastal areas about 300 miles for but none for some Canada will foot the bill for both construction and operation of its part of the network Mart Decline Affects West Thf wide commodity price swings on the Chicago grain mar ket Wednesday drew more atten tion than usual from intermoun tain interests As often is the case these days the weather figured in the picture Recent snowstorms have resulted in rush orders for grain and feed Dealers to whom the orders came soon saw heavy inventory replace ments would be necessary Thus they bought more strong ly than usual into the futures market to protect against a decline in of commodities of which they had ordered heavily but did not have firm commitments to sell Speculators also are active in local market circles Interest lo cally principally is in wheat corn oats and soybeans House Ballots To Restore Hull Program WASHINGTON Feb 9 The house Wednesday passed a bill to restore the Hull reciprocal trade program to its original form and continue it until June 12 1951 The vote was 319 to 69 It after the chamber defeated 241 to 151 a motion to send the bill back to the ways and means com mittee for inclusion of two GOP amendments The measure which fulfills of Pres Harry S Trumans strong est campaign promises now goes to the senate where hearings expected to begin later this month Due to Expire The act repealsthe present G O Psponsored trade agreements law which the president has de nounced as restrictive and which is due to expire June 30 The house bill would restore the old act in the form initiated by former Secy of State Cordell Hull in 1934 It would be retroactive to last June 12 when the GOP law went into effect Under the bill the president is authorized to reduce tariffs on hundreds of commodities up to 60 of the 1945 rates in return for trade concessions from other countries The measure is deemed urgent because new trade negotiations are due to begin in April Administration Forces Administration forces overrode Republican attempts to write in the curbs in the present law House GOP leader Joseph W Martin Jr of Massachusetts urged their adoption He said the trade agreements are essential and sound but that U S industry should be protected He asserted that in many industries are deeply con cerned about imports which com pete with American products and cited the watchmaking industry which claims that cheap Swiss im ports are ruining its business Martin predicted it will not long before the cotton grower the wheat and corn farmer and potato grower will find they are in a similar plight Pair of Laiicasters Span Continent SUMMERSIDE Prince Edward Island Feb 9 RC AP Lancaster bombers touched down here Wednesday 12 hours and 25 minutes after leaving Mather Field Cal to complete the first nonstop flight from the U S west coast to Canadas east coast The Lancasters piloted by Fit Lt Grant Nelson of Summerside and Fit Lt Jack Stevens of St Thomas Ont covered the 2500 miles an average speed 265 mph
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