Saturday, February 5, 1949

Salt Lake Tribune

Location: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 5, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday fibun WEATHER Cloudy with intermittent snow Saturday colder Details on Page 24 VOL 158 NO 114 Senate Votes To Fight Health Bill Also Beats Measure To Require Utah PreBallot Canvass By O N MALMQUIST With only twothirds of the membership present the Utah Friday approved by a large majority a resolution opposing compulsory health in surance legislation now pending in congress defeated a bill to require preelection canvassing of unregistered voters by regis tration agents and debated a proposal for a constitutional convention to rewrite the states basic law A roll call was not reached on Hie constitutional convention is eue but the debate indicated that it would be defeated unless the can change some minds The senate took a position against the WarnerMurrayDin gell bill or other compulsory gov ernment medical plans by adopt ing a resolution sponsored by Sen Rue L Clegg R Salt Lake The vote was 14 for two against and seven absent The voter canvassing measure SB 47 was similar to one killed earlier in the house by adoption of an unfavorable committee re port It would have required reg istration agents to canvass unreg istered citizens prior to a primary or general election to attempt to get them registered The sponsors Marthakis Fowles and its passage on the grounds that all eligible voters should be encouraged to partici pate in elections in a democracy Campaign Organization Sen Clegg attacked the meas ure on the grounds that it would make a campaign organization out of the registration who would do their work at public expense The bill was killed by a vote of four for 11 against and eight ab sent The resolution proposing to to the electorate the prop osition of a constitutional conven tion SJR 4 was sponsored by Sen Mitchell Melich R He urged its approval on the grounds that changing conditions have made many provisions in the constitution unnecessary or unde Sen Marl D Gibson D who opposed the measure ex plained that he had agreed to help sponsor it before the session started But since spending three weeks here he remarked I have changed my mind Gradual Changes Sen Clegg agreed that there were some things inthe constitu tion which should not be there But the changes he said should be made gradually by way of amendment rather than by a com plete rewriting by one group at one time Sen Newell Knight R Salt Lake City spoke for the resolu tion pointing out that at least one provision of the constitution is not being complied with by the legis lature He referred to reappor tionment of legislative represen tation at 10year intervals on a basis of population The issue of making a supple mental appropriation to the wel fare department for the re mainder of the current fiscal year to avoid the necessity of reducing grants was held over until Mon day at pm Need Sen Orrice C McShane R chairman of the welfare committee explained that the de partment had submitted new esti mates for the current quarter a need of more than the 5145000 which the com mittee recommended be appropri ated He renewed his recommenda tion that the legislature make a supplemental appropriation only for the current quarter and em power the board of examiners to make transfers for the next quar ter the last one of the biennium if the department finds its regu lar budget is insufficient He in troduced a bill to authorize the board of examiners to make transfers from the relief emer gency reserve fund to the welfare department and it was made a special order for Monday after noon with the house bill carrying the appropriation for the currenl quarter The bill would require unani mous vote of the examiners one Republican and two Democrats to make such transfers and would terminate March 1 1951 it automatically Body of Girl Found ALIQUIPPA Pa Feb 4 U The stabbed body of pretty 15 yearold Margaret Bankowski missing from her nearby Am bridge borne since Jan 26 wai found late Friday on a dump pili near here Margaret a high schoo sophomore was last seen the eve ring of Wednesday Jan 26 when she left home to visit a schoo friend SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SATURDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 5 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Principals Discuss Copper Truce Plan Discussing agreement to recess Kennecott Copper Corp strike are Roy Hatch company representa tive seated and standing left to right S C Phillips Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen Dan Edwards labor relations board chairman Ralph R Williams federal mediator 4Empty House Picks Easy Bills for Vote Byv RICHARDA SQUIRES The house was beset by quorum difficulties Friday and spent the day combing its packed final reading calendar for noncontro versial bills which in the opin on of their authors could attract nearunanimous support from the 30odd representatives present Tsventythree of the 60 repre sentatives were absent or ex cused to visit Utah State Agri ultural college Despite the postponement of action on major measures the houses search for unanimity on minor measures was not overly successful Only three of five measures debated received the re quired 31 votes needed for pass age Kill Two Measures Two to provide For payment of overtime for work in excess of eight hours per day on public projects and the other require plumbers practicing in towns of less than 800 population Lo be killed when they failed to attract 31 votes Measures passed were HB 114 to permit banks to take an additional 24 hours in which io retiurn bad checks or other un collectible items and revoke credit allowed to their depositors HB 115 to permit federal or state bank examinations to sub stitute for annual board of direc tors examination HB 78 to permit payment of overtime for work on public proj ects in excess of 40 hours per week Widely Violated Law The latter bill amends a widely violated depressionborn law lim iting work on public projects to 30 hours The spreadthework act also made no provision for the payment of overtime Thebill to require plumbers to obtain licenses to practice in towns aroused a storm of pro test from rural representatives Rep Thomas M Rees D Salt See Page 4 Column 1 MargeButter Tiff Entices Shaw Postcard Follows LONDON Feb 4 George Bernard Shaw 92year old sage has entered a marga rineverausbutter dispute be tween young Colin Prestige an Oriel college of Oxford under graduate who accepted Dr Edith Summerskills challenge that he could not when blind folded tell the difference be tween the two On one of his famous post cards Shaw wrote to Prestige Probably you will not be able to distinguish which is which I cannot Dr E S may conclude that the marge is so good that you cannot tell it from butter But you have the alternative of declaring that the butter is so bad that you can not tell it from marge NO RESERVATIONS AFL StampsApproved On Entire Labor Bill MIAMI Fla Feb 4 iff The American Federation of Labor day gave itscomplete indorsement to the administrations labor bill in congress including the disputed emergency strike section Green said the council felt the bills lack of specific authority to obtain court injunctions to stop na tional emergency labor strikes would work out all right Unanimous Decision After going over the bill in de tail with our attorneys Green told reporters the council unani mously decided to accept the measure Asked if the council had any reservations to its approval Green answered No He said he expects to give the A F Ls indorsement of the admin istrations TaftHartley law repeal U S Jobs Dip Two Million WASHINGTON Feb 4 Employment has dropped 2000 000 in one month and food prices in general continued to sag but Pres Harry S Trumans chief economic consultant said Friday he isnt alarmed by either develop ment The census bureau had just re ported that employment stood at 57500000 in below December but still 285000 higher than a year ago And unemployment which rep resents persons out of jobs look ing for work rose by 700000 in January to total 2650000 The seeming paradox of a 2 000000 drop in employment and a 700000 increase in unemploy ment was explained by officials They said the apparent unbalance was caused in part by persons such as women and youths pulling out of the labor force a statistical classification which includes peo ple with jobs and those seeking jobs Some of those were persons who took temporary Christmastime jobs and never intended to con tinue their employment perma nently The unemployment total of 2 650000 was 600000 higher than in January last year Dr Edwin G Nourse chairman of the presidents Council of Eco nomic Advisers talked first with Mr Truman and then with re porters after looking over the new job figures While emphasizing that he is not alarmed by either the employ ment figures or the food price sag he said These months are very deci sive months and anyone who has responsibility is watching things closely Dun and Bradstreets wholesale food price index has dropped this week to the lowest since O P A was ended in October 1946 The figure was 201 be low last Julys record high The index represents the total cost of a pound each of 31 foods legislation to the senate labor com mittee next Thursday He said he would ask a few minor changes in wording The administration bill would repeal the TaftHartley act and restore a modified Wagner act Taft Is Critical Its lack of specific government power to obtain emergency strike injunctions has been criticized by Sen Robert A Taft R and others Pres Harry S Truman and Atty Gen Tom Clark have said they believed the president can seek such an injunction under inherent constitutional powers without particular congressional sanction That is a matter for the courts to determine I dont know Green said I dont think the supreme court ever has ruled on whether the president can obtain a court injunction to stop a labor emer gency But Green said the proposed system of a 30day cooling off during which an emergency board would recommend a settlement is patterned after the Railway Labor act which has worked out very well with very few strikes The same system in the Rail way Labor act has proved to be a very practical constructive thing Green said Confident of Passage Green said Dan Tracy president of the A F Ls International Broth erhood of Electrical Workers and former assistant secretary of la bor has sent a telegam to the senate labor committee denying a published report that Tracy fav ored keeping the federal mediation and conciliation service a separate agency The administrations labor bill proposes return of the agency to the labor department its status before enactment of the TaftHart ley act Bear River Snowslides Bury Three Railmen MUTUAL ACCORD Work at Kennecott Resumes Monday backtowork call was sounded late Friday by Kennecott opper Corp after representatives of the company and the Brother hood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemcn agreed in Salt Lake City to recess the 104dayold strike effective Sunday at 4 pm The agreement implements with specific details the one reached Friday in Washington between top level executives of the company and union at the instance of Cyrus Ching director of the federal mediatio2i and conciliation service The strike will be held in abeyance while a factfinding com mission to be appointed by Mr Ching makes a thorough study and recommendations on issues which have caused the dispute be tween Kennecott and the brother hood Mining Resumes Monday Actual mining of copper ore will be resumed Monday and the first carloads are expected to reach the MagnaArthur mills by noon Limited snow removal operations at the huge Bingham mine and along the orehaulage railroad from Bingham to MagnaArthur started late Friday and will be in full swing early Saturday A meeting of brotherhood mem bers has been called for Sunday at 2 pm in the Eagles hall at Bingham to ratify the agreement This is expected as a matter of course The agreement to recess the strike leaves the basic issues of the dispute unsettled with all hopes centering on the fact find ing body to produce a solution which will be acceptable to both parties Reports New Dispute Meanwhile Chairman Dan Ed wards of the state labor relations board who has been one of the mediators in the strike was noti fied by A C Skinner regional di rector International Union of Mine Mill and Smelter Workers that there is a dispute between his union and Kennecott These unions which represent the largest group of Kennecott workers at the mineand in the mills have not been directly in volved in the present strike which began on Oct 24 when brotherhood members employed on locomotives at the mine walked out for higher pay They are seeking a scale com parable with that received by men doing the same type of work on the BinghamMagna line When the locomotive men num bering 311 jeft their jobs all Ken necott operations were brought to a standstill and eventually about 5000 men employed by the com pany and dependent industries lost their jobs The agreement reached at the conference Friday held in Kenne cott offices in the Kearns bldg was signed by Roy Hatch assist ant to the general manager of Kennecott Miles Gaythwaite gen eral chairman of the grievance committee of the brotherhoods Oquirrh lodge No 844 Mr Ed wards and Ralph R Williams com missioner federal mediation and conciliation service The agreement reads as fol lows The union shall withdraw pickets as of pm this date Feb 4 1949 with the under standing that all employes includ ing strikers shall be recalled and returned to work as fast as needed and with the further understand ing that the present phase of the strike will remain in effect until 4 pm Sunday Feb 6 1949 at which time union will recess strike See Page 2 Column 4 Mill Unionists Meet Today A meeting of representatives of the International Union of Mine Mill and Smelter Workers Kenne cott locals and Roy Hatch as sistant to the general manager Kennecott Copper Corp will be held Saturday at am The Salt Lake Tribune learned late Friday Expected to attend the session in company offices is Orville Larson Globe Ariz vice president of IUMMS W The locals involved Bingham open pit miners No 485 and Mag na and Arthur millmen No desire clarification of certain points in their relationships with the company it was reported unof ficially IUMMS W members at Ken necott were not parties to the strike of the Brotherhood of Loco motive Firemen and Enginemen which has ended in a truce pend ing a study of a factfinding board although the members were idled by shutdown of the huge Bingham mine resulting from the brother hoods strike TRIAL NEARS END Primate Rules Out Torture Says Admission Voluntary BUDAPEST Hungary Feb 4 Cardinal Minds zenty denied in open court Fri day that his partial confession of treason and espionage had been obtained by force Mindszenty told the peoples court trying him and six others that his letter declaring that he would never willingly admit to the accusations of the Hungarian gov ernment was written when I didnt see certain things as I do now He said the letter which was written before his arrest in De cember was now outdated and his partial confession to the gov ernment charges read Thursday in court expressed his present point of view Did anyone force you to make your confession presiding Judge Vilmos Olti asked him No Mindszenty replied The semiofficial Vatican news paper Osservatore Romano dis missed the cardinals confession as meaningless pointing out that he had denied it in advance when he was free Osservatore recalled that his letter had warned that any con fession made after his arrest would be due to the frailty of the flesh The newspaper com ment was written before Minds zenty repudiated the letter The Hungarian primates testi mony climaxed a sixhour court session Friday at which both prosecution and defense completed the presentation of testimony A government spokesman said Fri day night that the trial might end Saturday with the presentation of final arguments EXPLANATION Clark Ruling On Strikes Piques GOP WASHINGTON Feb 4 publican senators demanded Fri day that Attorney General Tom Clark personally explain his as sertion that the president has power to handle a national emer gency strike without the Taft Hartley injunction club Republicans heatedly dispute Clarks opinion Sen Robert A Taft R O declared he would like to have Clark before the sen ate labor committee which is writing new labor legislation Sens Forrest C Donnell R Mo and Wayne Morse R Ore put it in the form of a request before the committee Legal Adviser Chairman Elbert D Thomas D Utah said any decision about re questing Clark to testify is up to a subcommittee composed of Sens James G Murray D Mont Claud Pepper D Fla and Morse Thomas said personally he is not in favor of it because of precedent He apparently meant that the at torney general is the legal adviser only to the executive branch of the government Taft also re marked that precedent might have to be considered The attorney generals office said Clark has no comment on the development Clark has submited his state ment in lieu of an appearance His view that Mr Truman has in herent presidential powers to deal with a work breakdown threaten ing national hav ing it spelled out in the indorsed by the president No Such Power Taft said flatly there is no such power in peacetime without a law giving the president authority to get a court injunction This power is specifically stated in the Taft Hartley labor law which the Ohio senator is battling energetically to salvage Mr Truman proposes to substi tute a 30day voluntary cooling off period for dealing with such national welfare strikes throwing out the TaftHartley provision for asking an 80day injunction against a strike The committee is working on the administrations bill which would repeal the Taft Hartley law and start all over with its predecessor the Wagner act in an amended form But Taft calling a news con ference to summarize three days of labor hearings predicted that two thirds of the TaftHartley law would be retained in the new labor legislation This law has about 60 separate provisions he said Reduced Strife Almon E Roth president of the San Francisco Employers council told the committee that the Taft Hartley law has reduced industrial strife and promoted public wel fare without infringing any es sential and legitimate rights of labor For story on labor legislation views of Utah industrial relations council see page 2 column 1 Four Avalanches Blot Out Hope of Victims Survival Tribune Special BEAR RIVER CANYON Feb 5 under or pushed into Cutler dam by tons of cascading snow three Union Pacific railroad workers were missing and presumed dead here Friday after a series of slides along the railroads main line Railroad officials said there was virtually no hope that tho men could have survived the heavy slides the fourth of which was estimated to be 12 feet deep All traffic on the line was held up either at Cache Junction or Ogden Union Pacific officials said The men were tentatively identified as James A Mo ran 35 950 W 2nd North Salt Lake City brakeman of a work train working in the area Walter C Rodgers 87 291 E 80th South Midvale and H J Bush 42 Pocatellp assistant road master The locale is about 20 miles northwest of Logan or five miles directly north of Beaver dam which is located on the divide be tween Cache and Box Elder coun ties on U S highway 89 One of Series The fatal slide was one of a series which began about pm The men had walked out onto the first of three small slides to in spect damage It was then that a fourth cascade some six feet deep occurred burying the three in the snow or pushing them into chill Cutler dam which abuts the tracks at that point At pm a fourth slide 12 feet deep crashed down on the others virtually erasing any hope that the trio might have survived At an early hour Saturday work trains rushed to the scene from Cache Junction and Ogden were striving desperately to clear the snow The tragedy was believed wit nessed by Roy Coffman conductor of the work train and George L Condie roadmaster Rescue Workers Rescue workers were probing the reservoir with ropes to locate the bodies Meanwhile workers were biting into the huge drifts from both ends Immediately after the slide a crew of eight men from the work train began digging The first slides were small by comparison to those which fol lowed They measured only some 30 to 40 feet in length and 4 ft deep The men went onto this snow to inspect damage when the second slide occurred A big slide occurred in the same area in January delaying trains but no injuries resulted Mr Rodgers had been a brake man with the company since Oct 12 1942 Mr Rush a general track foreman had a roving as signment in connection with snow removal while Mr Moran began his employment with the Union Pacific March 1 1934 as a motor car operator and then served as a brakeman Find No Bodies Rescuers will have to enter the area by railroad as the only auto mobile road into the vicinity is clogged by drifting snow U S highway 89 between Collinston Box Elder county and Logan was reported closed by drifts early Saturday The auto road to Cut ler power station of Utah Power and Light Co would be impassable the highway patrol reported At 2 am Saturday rescue work ers had probed the section of the slide where the men were work ing and had discovered no bodies It was presumed the snow had carried the trio onto the frozen reservoir which lies up to 100 feet dependingon current lake depth below the tracks A terrific gale blowing through the canyon hampered rescue op erations and danger of slides was ever present further Ruler of Iran Shot Hurt By Assassin TEHERAN Iran Feb 4 Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi was shot arid wounded Friday m an unsuccessful assassination at tempt A reporterphotographer fired five shots at the ruler who assumed the throne in 1941 Martial law and a curfew imme diately was imposed at Teheran and was expected to be extended to other provinces The Shahs court reported that he had told visitors at his bedside that a few shots wont deter my duties to my beloved country The court proclaimed that five shots were fired at the Shah entering his face but passing through without injuring any bone and another shot superficially wounding him in the back The court said his condition not serious The reporterphotographer pre tending to take the Shahs picture fired at point blank range when the Shah got out of his car on the university steps One bullet entered his body and another his mouth The other three went through his hat The Shahs aids and police imme diately pounced on the wouldbe assassin and beat him no seriously he had to be hospitalized The cabinet and police and army chiefs immediately convened at the foreign ministry to discuss the matter and to take emergency ac tion such as declaring martial law in Teheran Reza Pahlevi was proclaimed Shah on Sept 17 1941 after his father Reza Shah Pahlevi abdi cated under allied pressure He is 30 The Shah recently divorced Queen Fawzia eldest sister of King Farouk of Egypt and considered one of the worlds most beautiful women They were married in 1939 Crash of B25 Fatal to Eight NEW ORLEANS Feb 4 UP air force B25 bomber from Keesler Field Miss with eight men aboard crashed in Lake Pon chartrain and exploded late Fri day The navy and coast guard said there were no survivors One engine appeared to be flam ing as the plane went down a witness said The plane was identified by Keesler field authorities through officials at the U S naval air station on the New Orleans lake front some five miles from where the bomber went down The plane left Keesler around 3 pm Friday for Grand Prairie Tex Sailors manning a navy crash boat picked up parts of bodies Two bodies almost intact were found by fishermen and were brought to the New Orleans air port the state national guard said West Blockades All Trucks Supplying Russian Sector BERLIN Feb 4 west ern allies hit back at the Soviet blockade Friday with a new coun termove aimed at stopping all truck traffic from the west into the Russian zone of Germany The action an open retaliation for the Saviet ring around western Berlin may affect even the Rus sian satellite nations of eastern Europe Diplomatic sources in Wash ington said the United States has laid down new and more rigid terms for settlement of Russo Western dispute over Berlin cur rency These sources said the terms are stated in a U S pro posal submitted to a group of United Nations experts They pro vide for continued circulation of western marks in the western sector of the city pending the out come of efforts to restore four power rule Russian marks would continue to circulate in the Soviet sector U S and British authorities announced that effective next Sunday the bizonal area will be closed to all highway freight ments destined for the Soviet zone Most railway freight traffic was halted last fall The U SBritish order mffects truck shipments by such neigh boring countries as France Bel gium Denmark Holland Switzer land and Luxembourg Particu larly affected is the Holland Czechoslovakia trucking line which operates between major cities in the Netherlands and Prague It cuts across western Germany The only exceptions to the ban the announcement said will be passenger vehicles and those trucks returning from trips un dertaken before the announcement was made 1