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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 4, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALI Monday Through Friday ft hur if WEATHER Cloudy with snow Hurries Friday little change in temperature on Page 22 VOL 158 NO 113 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 4 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS fTruce Called in Bingham Strike Utah Groups Consider Plan at Meet Today A truce in the 103dayold Kennecott Copper Corp strike was agreed upon Thursday in Washington DC Local parties involved in the dispute and mediators will meet in Salt Lake City Friday at 2 pm to study the agreement announced in Washington by the federal mediation and concilia tion service and if the expected approval is forthcoming the way will be paved for resumption of work at the huge Bingham mine The federal agency reported re ceipt of telegrams saying a plan to appoint a fact finding body to study differences which occa sioned the strike was acceptable to E T Stannard Kennecott pres ident and D B Robertson Cleve land president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and En ginemen Expecting Confirmation Emerging from an afternoon meeting Thursday in Kennecott offices in the Kearns bldg nego tiators announced they expected official confirmation of the Wash ngton developments prior to the Binghams strikebound hot stove league still was on strike late Thursday and will remain so at least until Friday Members of the striking International Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen were cheered however by reports ol an agreement reached earlier in Washington NoRussMeet In Europe Truman Says WASHINGTON Feb 3 Pres Truman said Thursday that he will not deal with Russia out Bide the United Nations nor will he go to eastern Europe to discuss a nowar pledge with Soviet Pre mier Josef Stalin He repeated the statement he has made so many times that he wont meet with Stalin be hind the jron curtain or elsewhere United States but that he wiirbe happy to welcome the Russian leader anytime he wants to come here Follows U S Squelch Mr Trumans news conference statement came only 24 hours after Secy of State Dean G Achesons declaration squelching Stalins socalled peace bids and accusing Stalin of playing inter national politics with global hopes for peace Under questioning from news men Mr Truman repeatedly re ferred to Achesons statement and said the secretary made it after consultation with him Stalin had suggested through newspaper Interviews that Mr Truman coine to Russia Poland or Czechoslovakia to discuss a Russo American rtowar pledge the Ber lin blockade and other hot east west issues Wont ByPass U N Achesons reply in substance was that Stalin should make his overtures through established dip lomatic channels instead of the press thatthe United States will not make any separate deal to the exclusion of Britain and France that a nowar pledge already ex ists and that in any event the United States will not bypass the United Nations To all this Mr Truman fully subscribed He said that this government will not enter into discussions on the world situation with other powers if such discussions were to be held outside the United Nations As for Stalins invitation he pointed out that he had invited Stalin here twice and would still welcome him The Russian premier has begged off each time for reasons of health and gave the same excuse Wednesday in invit ing Truman to Europe A reporter wanted to know what Mr Trumans attitude would be if Stalin were to come to Alaska Mr Truman said he had answered that question apparently rowning that Stalin would have to come to Washington A woman reporter asked if Mrs Truman was getting the guest room ready at Blair House where the Trumans are now living The president said he had not been notified Stalin was accepting his invitation But he went on if such news is received the Tru man family naturally will get ready to receive a guest Acheson made clear that the United States regards Stalins pro posals as propaganda He implied that Stalin is a man of no con science MY POWERS AMPLE President Cites Reasons In Omitting Injunction WASHINGTON Feb 3 Pres Harry S Truman Thursday went to the defense of his labor bill underheavy Republican fire in congress because it omits pro visions for court injunctions to prevent national emergency strikes The president said he had ample power Mr Truman told a news confer ence he has ample power as presi dent and commanderinchief to halt strikes threatening the na tions health and welfare without additional authority in the labor bill Stands by Clark He thus stood by his attorney general Tom Clark who said in a letter to the senate labor com mitteet that the presidents in herent powers would take care of the situation Clarks letter had stirred a hot controversy Sen Robert A Taft R an author of the Taft Hartley bill which the administra tion measure would repeal de nounced the letter as an attempt to face two ways He said the administration was trying to please the people by saying there is power to halt strikes and please the labor unions by leaving such power out of the labor bill 30Day Cooling Off The Taf tHartley law authorizes the government to seek 80day court orders to block critical strikes The administration bill would substitute a 30day cooling off procedure The president would call on the disputing parties to tay on the job while emergency boards tried to work out a settle ment Taft in a talk to a luncheon meeting of G O P women said the authority should be in the law He redicted that before congress gets hrough with the bill it will con ain most of the provisions of the TaftHartley law Sen Wayne Morse R Ore said at a stormy meeting of the senate labor committee that the administration bill hasnt a ghost of a chance in the senate unless jlenty of compromises are made 3e said labor cant write this ticket Wallgren Gets Top Plan Post WASHINGTON Feb 3 CTPS Harry S Truman an nounced Thursday he has ap pointed Mon C Wallgren former governor of Washington state as chairman of the National Security Resources board Mr Truman said at a news conference he had been consider ing Wallgren a Democrat who was defeated for reelection in Novem ber for the a year job for some time He said that Wallgren a former senator was particularly fitted for the post because of his previous experience as a member of the senate war investigating committee when it was headed by Mr Truman The security resources board is the top government planning agen cy for the mobilization of nationa resources manpower and industry in the event of war or emergency Wallgren succeeds Arthur M Hill a Republican and bus line execu tive who resigned Dec 35 Johi R Steelman assistant to the presi dent has been temporary head o the board since Hills resignation I Primate Calls Revolt Plot Charge Myth BUDAPEST Hungary Feb 3 Cardinal Mindszenty Roman Catholic primate of Hun gary denied Thursday that he ever participated in a plot to over throw the Hungarian government but said I am guilty in principle and in detail of most of the accu sations made The statement came after the Peoples court trying Mindszenty and six codefendants rejected the cardinals request that he be set free in an attempt to make peace between church and state in Hungary Appeals to U S Cross examined into the night Mindszenty said near the end of the first session of the historic trial that he appealed 11 days ago to U S Minister Selden Chapin to help him get out of the country He replied yes when asked if he wrote a letter read to the court asking Chapin for a car and a plane and suggesting that the U S minister offer a pilot for aid in the escape Earlier standing firm and erect in a black robe before a micro phone and five judges the grey ing 56yearold primate the first cardinal to be tried on civil charges since the days of Napo Priday meeting The negotiators then will work out details by which the fact find ng plan can be put into opera ion and if these details are agreed upon the strike will be suspended and work soon will resume at the Bingham mine one of the worlds major suppliers of copper Not Issue Settlement It was emphasized however he work resumption if effected not be an indication that the disagreements between the com any and the brotherhoon have een resolved Nor will the find ngs of the factfinding board f appointed be binding on either party If as expected positive results leon declared I feel that I am only partly 5 90 Span Nation In Gigantic Navy Aircraft WASHINGTON Feb 3 Ninety largest num aer ever to span the continent in an the navys gi gantic Constitution from Califor nia to Washington Thursday in a fast nine hours and 32 minutes landing here at pm The 92ton Lockheed sky giant took off from Moffett field Cal with its record load of 76 passen gers and 14 crew members at am Boosters Aid Takeoff Twinjet boosters assisted the takeoff of the massive plane bear ing the largest passenger load of any airliner on a transcontinental flight With a top cruising speed of 300 mph the Constitution spanned the continent on a 2560mile route in nine hours and 32 minutes The Constitution arrived nearly 30 minutes ahead of schedule thanks in part to favorable tail winds which gave it a boost across the continent Cutting down its speed to 90 mph one of the lowest landing speeds of any large plane the fourengine monster settled down to a perfect threepoint landing At the Controls At the controls of the 92ton behemoth was Cmdr William Col ling The Constitution was christened Wednesday and formally received into the navy at ceremonies at Alameda naval air station on San Francisco bay Goy Earl Warren of California addressed 5000 onlookers in front of the Alameda control tower The big plane capable of cruis ing at 300 mph and of pulling clown to approximately 90 for landings roared into the air on a jetas sisted takeoff for a demonstra tion Oner it buzzed thn control tower at 300 300 mph guilty I am guilty in principle and in detail of most of the accu sations made but I cannot accept the conclusion of having partici pated in a plot to overthrow the democratic regime Denies Any Confession In London Hungarians who fled their homeland after Mind szentys arrest Dec 26 1948 said that he had repudiated in advance any confession that might be at tributed to him or even that he might sign Refugees said that Mindszenty had protested his innocence in a letter to the Hungarian board of bishops which said have participated in no con spiracy whatever I will not re sign my episcopal see I will make no confession If after this you should hear that I have confessed or resigned and that this is authenticated with my own signa ture consider that to be only a consequence of human frailty and in advance I declare it null and Guilty in Principle In a letter to Minister of Justice Istvan Ries read to the court Thursday morning Mindszenty ad mitted guilt in principle asked that he be given a separate trial and offered to withdraw from the practice of his position He said that the countrys life was in danger unless the church and state made peace and added that he had delayed this neces sary agreement Picture of Car dinal Mindszenty on Page 6 PLEA FOR AID Scribes Shown Cardinal Note BUDAPEST Hungary Feb 3 letter which Cardina Mindszenty said he wrote to U S Minister Selden Chapin was showi newsmen Thursday night It said Dear Mr Minister Action must be taken before Thursday Sentence will soon be passed The trial is pointed agains America and they wish to prove that I received money from Amer ica in return for secrets I ask for an auto and a plane There is no other way out With warmest greetings Mindszenty Postscript I request froir Koczak U S legation attache tc whom the cardinal said he was giving Hungarian political am economic data to meet the beare of this letter to discuss everything In the interest of the case offe the pilot which I will return Mindszenty Cyrus S Ching Gets truce in copper strike at Bingham AT BINGHAM Walkout Cost Million Output Loss By WILL LINDLEY Tribune Business Editor Production of nearly worth of recoverable metals was lost to the 1948 record and work ers and merchants felt the effect of a decline in purchasing power so far during are obtained at the Friday meettne Kennecott Copper Corp Utah ng the brotherhood probably will order its men back to work at least or a truce period while the act finders attempt to resolve the dispute premanently Mr Robertson telegraphed yrus Ching head of the federal nediation and conciliation service hat the employes involved agree o resume operation as soon as possible Mr Stannard said the company likewise would agree to the factfinding proposal Mr Ching announced he would appoint a threeman fact finding See Page 2 Column 1 U S Board to Pick FactSifting Unit In 103Day Tieup By HARRY J BROWN Tribune Washington Bureau WASHINGTON Feb of Cyrus S Ching di rector of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation service that work be resumed at the Kennecott copper mine on assurance that he would promptly name a threeman factfinding board to sift the differences between company and the unions was accepted Thursday by both parties A factfinding board will be named immediately when Director Ching receives favorable replies to telegrams sent both parties late Thursday afternoon asking if they are willing to resume operations on Monday In suggesting Monday the director was mindful of the act that heavy snows in Utah may make it impossible to resume y the first of the week in which event assurance that work will be resumed as quickly as weather permits will be ac ceptable And the factfinders will be named and sent to Utah to begin their investigation Telegram Parley The notable thing about the agreement reached Thursday s that it came as the result of an exchange of telegrams and ong distance conversations between the mediation and concili ation service in Washington and D B Robertson international president of the Brotherhood of Navy to Stress Sub Peril Cut Expenses WASHINGTON Feb 3 The navy Thursday put new stress on antisubmarine readiness as t ordered 72 ships mothballed to nake way for other vessels better adaptedfor defense against under sea attack Secy of the Navy John L Sul livan disclosed the slimming down operation has the added objective of trimming fleet expenditures to come within the audget ceiling Pres Harry S Tru man set for the armed forces The navy was allotted 300 for the next fiscal year start ing July 1 as compared with nearly for the current pe riod 15 Major Ships Sullivan said 15 major three 27000tpn aircraft carriers nine light cruisers and three anti aircraft been or dered to the reserve fleet The other 57 are smaller auxiliary craft such as minesweepers and am phibious and patrol vessels He said these reductions how ever will be offset by additions of 30 fighting ships to the operating fleet These include 24 destroyer types one light carrier one 27QQQ ton carrier one heavy cruiser one light cruiser and two submarines Sullivan said these swapovers will bring the operating fleet down from 755 to 731 warships and sup porting vessels Shift of Emphasis The exchange however indi cates no loss of fighting power but rather a shift of emphasis on faster lighter vessels in line with the antisubmarine readi ness program Sullivan said the navy plans to stress in the coming year For example he reported the navy will operate 170 destroyer types in comparison to the 146 now on fleet duty The navy secretary also said the budget retrenchment made it necessary to reduce navy person nel by 30000 and to cut back air strength by about 400 planes In addition he said nine air stations mostly in the Pacific would be shut down with three others put on a standby basis By making these reductions now he said the navy will be able to operate at the full strength authorized in the new budget division strike Those were estimates obtained Thursday from sources regarded as reliable Not included in those figures in some per week in taxes lost by the state the dent in fed eral tax payments and the effects of the strike oh industrial develop ment of the nation The estimated lost through shutdown of the huge open pit mine the resulting clo sure of the American Smelting and Refining Co Garfield smelter and layoffs at smaller minesmay be compared to the annual output of principal metal in the state of Montana valued at in 1948 Monthly Reports The metals figures were arrived at through comparison of monthly reports of the U S bureau of mines They showed for instance that average monthly production of gold in Utah prior to the strike was 35000 oz Afterward it aver aged 5000 oz Gold sells for oz Silver dropped on the same basis of comparison from 725000 oz to a level where average monthly loss during the strike evi dently was 275000 oz Silver brings 90y2c per oz at the mint By a similar method amount of copper lost was estimated conser vatively at 150000000 Ibs as suming work resumes in the near future Copper is worth 23y2c Ib The open pit mine produces sil ver and gold as byproducts of the copper operation Purchase of Supplies The bureau of economics anc business research University ol Utah has estimated that from late October to the end of the year strikers lost and that in directly this resulted in a decrease in purchases of supplies and goods representing employment and services costing somewhat in ex cess of On this basis it would appear the loss of purchasing power for See Page 2 Column 4 Locomotive Firemen and Engine men at Cleveland and with E T Stannard president of the Kenne cott Corp in New York Neither party to the dispute sent representatives to Washington to discuss Director Chings latest pro posal all discussion took place over the wire The telegram from Robertson received Thursday morning said he understands the factfinding board and the scope of its investigation as last pro posed will be the same in principle as the recommendations made to the interested parties by represent atives of the mediation service and industrial commission of Utah Nov 6 Probe Entire Area This proposal was that the en tire area of the dispute be in vestigated On behalf of the em ployes involved the firemen and enginemen union will accept and comply fully with your proposal if and when advised that Kennecott will do likewise said Robertson Kennecott heads after a lengthy exchange of telegrams and phone conversations wired Director Ching Thursday afternoon If you feel constructive results will be accomplished we accept your pro posal to set up a factfinding board to explore all the issues and related problems in this dispute to make a finding of facts thereof and to report the findings with recommendatons looking to solu tion of all problems involved You may be assured of our cooperation in the presentation of all proper testimony and evidence before such board as you will personally appoint Robertson Advised Mr Robertson has been advised of the company acceptance of Di rector Chings proposal Willingness of the unions and the company to resume pending an investigation and report from a factfinding board named by Ching obviates the necessity of carrying this case to the presi dent as was proposed by the Utah legislature and by other interested parties Sen Arthur V Watkins said he had felt the settlement of this dis pute should be entrusted to the agency set up by congress tor han dling just such cases Rep Reva Beck Bosone who had drawn a resolution asking the president to appoint a factfinding board to probe the Kennecott trouble who who was dissuaded from acting pending reply of the unions and the company to the latest proposal made by Director Ching said she would not now present her resolution Congress Provides To Augment West Relief WASHINGTON Feb 3 Thursday quickly passed a bill providing another for relief in snowbound western states The measure went to the White House for Pres Harry S Trumans signature less than three hours after it was ap proved by the house appropriations committee The house passed it by a standing vote of 1230 and the senate gave its official approval by voice vote soon after ward The appropriation replenishes Mr Trumans emergency relief fund and he was expected to earmark all of it for storm relief in the west Congress and the president already have made available for that purpose ReclamationCommissioner Michael Straus told the sen ate interior committee meantime that the western snowstorms promise to fill irrigation dams to overflowing He said field reports indicate fill and spill conditions will prevail at most dams throughout the west There also is danger of heavy floods he said but that depends largely on future weather conditions House Passes Bill to Back District Bonds By RICHARD A SQUIRES A bill to set up special improve ment districts and empower them to issue water and sewer bonds that will sell passed the house Thursday in a session devoted to debating bills dealing with prob lems of local governments The house killed a Utah Munici pal leaguesponsored measure to increase salaries of hiaybrB city commissioners and auditors in first and second class cities Objections to the measure were raised by rural representatives who said the salaries proposed were more than double present compensation rates in their communities Vote on the 15 for 37 against Other House Action During the days session the house Added 30 more measures to the final reading calendar bringing the total bills waiting final action to 71 Passed a measure to combine and strengthen the duties of mu nicipal and town planning and zoning commissions Removed legal doubts concern ing validityof city manager type of government by passing a meas ure authorizing their appointment and outlining their duties Purpose of the bill creating spe cial county improvement districts according to Rep Thomas M Rees D Salt who cosponsored the measure is to permit districts to issue sewer and water improve ment bonds that will sell He said a similar measure passed by the 1947 legislature didnt solve Salt Lake countys sewage financing problem because it limited the districts power to issuance of revenue bonds The new 493 the proposed district to issue both revenue bonds and gen eral obligation bonds the latter limited to 12 of the assessed value of the district The bill provides that both reve nue and general obligation bonds may be issued to finance any proj ect subject to the overall debt limit and the percentage of reve nue to general bonds must be part of the petition calling the bond election 4MiIl Operation Levy In addition to a general prop erty levy on the district to repay the general obligation bonds the district may levy up to 4 mills for operation Fifty property owners in a dis trict may petition for a bond elec tion The district will be gov erned by a board of three trustees elected from residents in the dis trict The bill to increase the salaries of officials in first and second class cities was defeated after attempts to table it for amendments failed Although the bill was limited to cities of the first and second class rural representatives said that the increases for cities under 20000 would more than double present salaries The bill strengthening planning and zoning commission powers squeaked through by a vote of 33 for 25 against Opponents argued that the bill emphasized the plan to the exclusion of the person by tightening up the permission to grant exceptions to zoning laws Additional news of Utah legis lature page 4 1
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