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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 3, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Cloudy with occasional snow Thursday Details on Page 24 VOL 158 NO 112 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH THURSDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 3 1949 Clark Strike Rule Stirs Senate Row Says Truman Empowered to Act In Tieup Without Congress WASHINGTON Feb 2 Atty Gen Tom C Clark said Wednesday night the president probably could obtain a court order to halt a national emergency strike without specific author ity from COngreSS to do SO eSS o o SO 3iaif3 jiuuae UL reyreaenta Republican members of the senate labor committee immeditives Wednesday okehed a bill in fttely disputed Clarks opinion Sen Robert A Taft R O creasing terms of city and town the attorney general is cer tainly wrong A night hearing of the commit tee at which Clarks Opinion was read ended with Republicans and Democrats storming angrily at each other Sens Forrest C Donnell R Mo and Wayne Morse R Ore insisted on their right to criticize the Clark opinion Committee Chairman Elbert G Thomas D Utah tried to prevent it on grounds that the committee had not yet seen the whole letter Donnell Maps Attack Donnell served notice he will extensively Thursday on the Clark opinion Secy of Labor Maurice Tobin Who testified all evening under a stream of challenging questions from Taft will come back for more Thursday Thomas reading of Clarks Views came suddenly in the midst of the hearing while Taft was asking Tobin about injunctions The TaftHartley act permits the government to get 80day in delay strikes that imperil the national health or safety The Truman administrations proposed substitute sponsored by Thomas and supported by Tobin would abolish these injunctive powers Powers Great But the attorney general said the inherent powers of the president are exceedingly great He said that if the parties to a critical dispute refused to obey the bills requirement that they continue work or operations for 30 days and a national crisis were to It is my belief that in appro priate circumstances the United States would have access to its own courts to protectthe national health safety and welfare Morse commented The admin istration is running in two quar terbacks on us here tonight Clark and The attorney general fumbled the ball pretty badly It a most unsound opinion Questions Authority Donnell said I know of no au thority anywhere for such an opinion He said the administra tion obtained Clarks opinion be cause it recognized the weakness of the bill in this respect Don nell said however he didnt ques tion Clarks personal integrity Taft whirled on Tobin who had testified Monday that the admin istrations labor bill would toss out injunctions in national emer gency cases and demanded Did you think you were giving the government the injunction power when you drew up this bill Tobin hesitated and then said the administration bill was not in tended to provide emergency in junctions Tempers flared at the afternoon session of the committee at which Tobin accused Mediation Director Cyrus S Ching of spreading a myth and then got into a shout ing argument with Taft Tense and serious Tobin told the committee he was sorry to hear that a witness had opposed the return of the federal mediation service to the labor department on the grounds of an alleged lack of impartiality in the depart ment Assails Ching This was a reference to Tues days testimony by Ching direc tor of the service which was made an independent agency when the TaftEartley act became law in 1947 The administration labor bill would put it back in the labor department Ching had told the committee that he was not accusing the la bor department or anyone in it of impartiality He opposed the transfer on the ground that many businessmen suspect the depart ment of favoring the side of la bor He said mediation cant be ef suspicion at once by Sen Donnell who said Ching hadnt accused the depart ment of being partial Sen Thomas put in that he thought Ching was very careful to avoid making such a charge Then I will change my sta ment to read an ii lack of impartiality unteered But that did not satify Don He said Ching had not state of ity Tobin he nevertheless wanted to go ahead with his state ment So he did I am sorry to see this myth j mcy weie uimLue t rAcords of agreement on their congress Tobin declared Upper Basin Pact Wins Final FiveState Okeh DENVER Feb 2 State bystate ratification of the Up per Colorado River compact was completed Wednesday and the campaign immediately de veloped to secure the quick ap proval of congress Favorable action by congress is required before the pact among the five states of Colo rado Utah New Mexico Wyo ming and Arizona can become effective The final acts of ratification were the signatures of Gov Lee Knous of Colorado and Thomas J Mabry of New Mexico af fixed during the day to bills passed by their legislatures The other states had completed the ratification process previ ously The compact divides among the five states some 7500000 acre feet of water annually in the river and its tributaries The water was allocated to the upper basin as a unit by the original Colorado River com pact signed in 1922 Senate Defeats Bill to Split Election Costs By O N MALMQUIST A tie vote in the Utah senate Wednesday killed a house bill to require the state to pay half the cost of primaries and elections an expense now borne by the counties Passed in the house with out a dissenting vote the measure drew a 10 to 10 count in the senate with three absent Sponsors of the measure argued that inasmuch as state as well as county officers are nominated and elected in the primaries and elec tions the two units of gbvernment should share the cost Gibson Fights Move But Sen Marl D Gibson D Price pointed out that the coun ties are subdivisions of the state that the costs would be paid by the same taxpayers regardless of the division and that the effect would be merely to make a state grant to the counties without any information as to what the amount of the grant would be or what ramifications might arise from the change The senate passed one house measure HB 19 on final reading and advanced three to third read ing The one which received final aPProval appropriates for the repair of fire dam age at the Central Utah Vocational school in Provo Measures Advanced The bills advanced were HB 58 6 to bring Utah law into con See Page 4 Column 2 House Moves To Boost Mayor Term Bill Would Increase Tenure to1 Four Years in Some Cities By RICHARD A SQUIRES The state house of representa mayors to four years beginning next election but turned thumbs down on a bill to make recorders and treasurers appointive rather than elective in third class cities The measures were among four receiving final house action in a day that saw little progress t6ward clearing the house calendar now packed with 44 bills waiting final action Breezed Through House The bill increasing mayors terms applies only to second and third class cities and to towns The measure sponsored by the Utah Municipal league breezed through the house by a 49 to 7 vote Only organized opposition came after Rep Sidney A Elswood D Weber queried whether it applied to Ogden When told that it did Rep Elswood and the entire Weber county delegation present voted against the measure The bill to make city recorders and treasurers appointive rather than elective in third class cities was a different story Blistering Attack In addition to arousing near unanimous opposition among rural representatives the measure brought forth a blistering attack against the municipal league which sponsored it Rep J W Bell D Salt Lake said he was tired of being put under the hammer by that group and its big book of urgent bills Their main purpose is to raid the state treasury and perpetuate themselves in office he said Rep E Ray Lyman R Iron defended the league and said the purpose of the bill is to increase the caliber of recorders and treas urers by permitting the mayor and city councils to appoint qualified men Many of the city recorders and treasurers elected are not quali fied to handle the work he said and cities are put to the expense of hiring deputies who are Bill Defeated The bill failed to pass with 15 votes for and 40 against The house unanimously approved a measure to codify what is already being practiced in first and second class cities It ap proved a bill to place the names of city judges on the ballot a pro vision that inadvertently was omitted when the law was writ ten The bill also sets back filing date limit from 10 to 21 days before the primary election The other measure HB that life pre servers be carried on all boats under 25 feet on waters named by the fish and game department The fish and game department was given discretionary power after representatives pointed out that bill as introduced would have required life preservers in resort boats and other boats used in shallow water Longest Debate Longest debate of the day was provoked by a bill to increase the representation of sportsmen from one to two on the board of big game control The 53 of the county was made a special order of busi T rvno JLHCIUC a ojjeuio1 uiuer OI DUS1 commissions HB 11 which would ness for Thursday at pm The make it unlawful for an employer debate was postponed if to livestock and sportsmen interests can agree to a ure The house will reconvene Thurs day at 10 am UNOFFICIAL MEDIATION CHICAGO Feb 2 The nations railroads and16 unions Wednesday asked members of a actfinding board to spcon reconvene to help them settle their Tobin was interrupted almost dispute and the mem onrp tvsr u bers agreed to come here Mon Railroads Unionists Recall U S FactFinding Board bers agreed to come here Mon day The move was unprecedented under railway labor laws but ne gotiators emphasized they were recalling the board as individ uals They said the three members of will meet at 10 am The move appeared to forestall nonoperating rail road employes represented by the unions The disputants earlier announced that in negotiations since Jan 5 they were unable to reach an own and wanted the board to clarify some of its previous reccmmendations However both sides said they were reserving the right to accept or reject any new views of the board an the dispute G E Leighty chief negotiator for the unions said the board members will meet as individ uals outside of the railway labor laws Leighty said the unions hoped for a meeting of minds in the dispute The board appointed by Pres Harry S Truman last October or iginally recommended a sevencent hourly pay raise for the workers and a cutback in the work week fropi 48 to 40 hours These pro posals were used as the basis for renewed negotiations Jan 5 Negotiators however contacted each of the members who said they would come They are Chair man William M Leiserson Wash ington David L Coles Paterson N J and George A Cook Sara sota Fla PRICE FIVE CENTS U S Rejects Offer of Stalin To Meet Behind Iron Veil Conferring at an atomic energy hearing Wednes day In Washington D C are David E Lilien thal left chairman of the atomic energy com Ogden Delegation Asks Lee Sign 4Year Weber Bill A delegation of Ogden citi zens Wednesday made a per sonal plea before Gov J Brack en Lee askingthat he approve the bill enlarging Weber college to fouryear collegiate status The governor was understood to have informed the committee he would veto the measure when it comes to his desk Meanwhile a veritable flood of telegrams continued to pour in on the chief executive con cerning his action on the bill He received approximately 200 wires Wednesday about half of them urging his approval of a fouryear Weber state college Of the first 136 telegrams re ceived Wednesday a heavy pro portion was from the Ogden area Most of these asked the governor to sign the measure Thirtyeight from other sec tions of the state urged aveto Bloc Votes Bill To Restore Tariff Power WASHINGTON Feb 2 UP Democrats overwhelmed Republi cans Wednesday to ram through a house committee 17 to 8 a bill restoring full powers to Pres Harry Truman to slash tariffs in return for trade concessions from foreign nations The bill as okehed by the ways and means committee repeals ths GOP tariff act of 1948 which re stricted the presidents powers It revives until June 12 1951 all the authority of the old reciprocal trade law passed unden the New Deal Requested Legislation Pres Truman specifically re quested the legislation He said the Republican act puts hobbles on the negotiation of trade pacts that are needed to promote world commerce and peace On the vote 15 Democrats were joined in support of the bill by two Republicans Reps Robert W Kean of New Jersey and Hal Holmes of Washington Opposing were eight Republicans Republi can efforts to amend the legisla tion were beaten down on straight 15 to 10 party line votes The committee action sent the measure to the house floor It will be taken up for debate Tuesday under a rule permitting opponents to propose any amendment they wish A vote is set for Tuesday Expect House Approval Democratic leaders said they expect house approval by a large majority But Republicans prom ed a floor fight Some contend that the state department which carries out the reciprocal trade policies has usurped the tariff making powers of congress They say some industries such as watches pottery and glassware are being hurt badly mission Sen Brien McMahon D Conn chair man of the joint congressional atomic energy committee Rep Cart Durham D N right Lilienthal Weighs Lifting Of Atom Bomb Veil WASHINGTON Feb 2 Chairman David E Lilienthal of the Atomic Energy commission Wednesday agreed to consider tell ing the world how many atom bombs the United States has He made his statement after a dispute over atomic secrecy broke out in the congressional atomic energy committee Headlines Unjustified Lilienthal also said that head lines reporting development of a superatomic U S bomb were unjustified He said our atomic weapons have been substantially improved but that does not war rant a conclusion the bombs are now 1000 times more powerful than those used against Japan Committee Chairman Brien Mc Mahon D who called the hearing to consider Americas atomic policy asked Lilienthal to think about lifting the veil on the number of atom bombs In a Detroit speech Monday McMahon had said that such a disclosure might prevent a disastrous war The committee broke into angry dispute over that and over the atomic commissions quarterly re port which Lilienthal called one of the hottest documents yet as sembled to Sen Millard E Tydings CD who is also chairman of the senate armed services committee termed the report ah open invi tation to disaster This report shows atomic ap paratus and its location with con siderable particularity he ob served I dont see the sense in keeping some things secret and revealing others This is a ques tion whether were going to sur vive on this planet I dont want to give a potential enemy any more information than he gives me Tydings said the report and all future Atomic Energy commission reports should be screened by the central intelligence agency to see Soviet Unoivhos Hail Repeat Offer by Stalin MOSCOW Feb 2 The Soviet maninthestreet Wednesday night welcomed the news of Premier Josef Stalins second offer to meet with Pres Harry S Truman with expres sions of enthusiasm The unexpected broadcast at pm Moscow time of the exchange of letters between Stalin and International News Services European general man ager Kingsbury Smith drew clusters of people into the streets commenting on the sen sational developments Among sidewalk comments heard were Our Stalin is a genius Only he could answer both the first and second times so to the point and with such dignity if they contain information of potential value to the enemy Sen Tom Connally D chairman of the senate foreign relations committee denounced what he called blah blah com ing from the atomic commission He said the commission was giv ing out information which it ought not to be handing out He suggested that future ro leasa of atomic information be handed over to the army or other military authorities so that the destiny of this country doesnt rest on what somebody in one of these bureausdowntown wants to do or wants not to do Replying to Tydings Lilienthal said We should weigh secrecy and democracy we cant always have both TLure9 Murder Jury Frees Slayers Wife NEVADA CITY Cal Feb 2 Hunt Hardy once sen tenced to death for the lure mur der of a man was quickly ac quitted Wednesday at her second trial Her first reaction was startling broke into tears then began laughing The jury of seven women and five men deliberated only 30 min utes Wonderful the 23yearold waitress exclaimed Then as she became less nervous she said Now I know the Lord answers prayers I prayed every night The prosecution contended the former New London Conn wom an lured James W McLain a vet erans administration employe from San Fernando Cal to an isolated glade on July 30 1947 The state charged that Joseph Hardy shot McLain while Hois held hishead so he couldnt see Hardy The state said they robbed the man and stole his car After they were arrested Hardy was convicted and sentenced to life In a separate trial she got death Mrs Hardy was granted a second trial She testified she had blacked out after McLIain attempted to seduce her in a cabin and remem bered nothing of what happened A doctor testified for the de fense that a person suffering amnesia might have only a hazy recollection of events The trial judge told the jury that if Mrs Hardy was suffering from amnesia at the time McLain was shot to death it would show there was no intent on her part and therefore it was the jurys duty to acquit her At San Quentin prison Hardy said Im the happiest gtiy in this whole prison Warden Clinton T Duffy who conveyed the news of Mrs Hardys acquittal said Hardy was Over joyed He is serving a life term Soviet Chief Plays Polities With Peace Acheson Says 1ALJY WASHINGTON Feb 2 United States Wednesday rejected Premier Josef Stalins bid for peace talk with Pres Harry S Truman behind the iron curtain The new secretary of state Dean Acheson stated the U S position emphatically at a news conference in which he indirectly accused the Soviet leader of playing politics with peace hopes of hundreds of millions of people Acheson blasted the Russian leadership on the ground that it had consistently blocked all ef forts in the United Nations look ing toward disarmament control of the atom bomb and creation of a U N police forceN Wide Open Conference The White House stood by its position that Pres Truman would be willing to see Wash ington But Acheson emphasized that even in Washington there would be no discussions which left other interested nations out in the cold Stalin claimed that his health would not permit him to travel abroad so the matter apparently had reached a dead end Acheson came to his new con ference primed to reply in detail to Stalins latest moves moves which many Washington officials regard as jockeying for advan tageous propaganda position in the cold war Referring to voluminous notes Acheson replied point by point to statements Stalin made last Sun day in response to questions from an American news correspondent Kingsbury Smith of the Interna tional News Service Stalin fol lowed up Wednesday with a wire to Smith bidding for a meeting with Truman in Russia Poland or Czechoslovakia Stalin In Feaco Feeler The substance of Stalins state ments Sunday was that he would be prepared to consider joint is suance of a peace declaration with the United States that he had no objection to a meeting with Pres Truman that Russia naturally would cooperate with the United States in disarmament under such a pact of peace and that the Berlin blockade would be lifted on certain conditions In reply Acheson made two ma jor points 1 He asserted that the United States would riot discuss with any nation any matter of direct interest to other nations without the participation of the repre sentatives of those other nations Rules Out Direct Talk This ruled out any direct Tru manStalin meeting on any of the great issues of the cold war since all of them involve the interests of other nations Diplomatic au thorities interpreted this as a new assurance to Britain and France that the United States would not break out of the western power lineup to make any sideline deals with Russia 2 As for a peace declara tion Acheson said he found this suggestion puzzling Russia the United States and all other U N members are already pledged by most solemn treaty commitments not to engage in war with one another he said Pres Truman Acheson said had made an emphatic declaration in support of United Nations com mitments in his inauguration speech Acheson added that he considered Stalins statement that he was prepared to consider such a declaration a triumph of cau tion Peace Hopes Sacked At the outset of his lengthy analysis of the questions and an swers and again at the end Acheson declared that the hopes of the worlds peoples for peace See Page S Column 1 Truman Gets Worst Deal By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS To meet Prime Minister Josef Stalin in Moscow Pres Harry S Truman would have to travel an airline distance of about 4900 miles The points farthest from Mos cow where Stalin is willing to go for a meeting are in Czechoslo vakia or 1000 mile journey for Stalin but a 4500 mile trip for Truman Yalta in the Crimea where Pres Franklin D Roosevelt met with Churchill and Stalin is nearly 6000 miles from Washington but 800 from Moscow Another point mentioned by Stalin was Kaliningrad on the Baltic sea That is a 4500 mile trip for Truman and 700 for Stalin Odessa in southern Russia is a Black sea port also proposed for the meeting It is 680 miles from the Kremlin and 5250 from the White House Stalin Insists Hes Too 111 To Visit U S MOSCOW Feb 2 UP Minister Joseph Stalin announced Wednesday he would welcome a visit by Pres Harry S Truman to the Soviet Union and that was unsatisfactory could meet him in Czechoslovakia or Poland Stalin said that because of his health he is unable to go to Wash ington though he has long de sired to do so He is 69 I regret that at present I ant deprived of the possibility of car rying out this desire of mine Stalin said since doctors strong ly object to my making any long journey especially by air or sea The statement was made in an swer to questions put to Stalinin a cable from Paris earlier this week by Kingsbury Smith Euro pean general manager of Inter national News Service Official White House spokes man Charles Ross stated Wednesi day Pres Truman would be giad to have the opportunity to confer with you in Washington the cable said Would your excellency be pre pared to go to Washington for that purpose If not where would you be prepared to meet the president Stalin replied I thank President Truman for the invitation to go to Washington but that he couldnt go Stalin met Pres Roosevelt and PrimeMinister Winston Churchill at Yalta in the Crimea in 1945 He took part with Pres Truman in the big three conference later that year in Potsdam a suburb of Berlin Stalin Refusal Disappointment To World French Chief Says PARIS Feb 2 Per haps Pres Harry S Truman will find hid health does not permit him to travel either said Dr Henri Queuille French premier at a luncheon of the AngloAmerican Press Assn Wednesday Asked for comment about So viet Prime Minister Josef Stalins invitation to meet Truman in Rus sia Poland or Czechoslovakia Queuille said It is astonishing news as the people of the world await anxiously for assurances that a conflict can be avoided Turning to American Ambassa dor Jefferson Caffery who was also present he added I cannot comment further now until Pres Truman has voiced his opinion Queuille however added The situation requests action rather than words and the elimination of the Berlin blockade as ths initial act We hope the Soviet govern ment will formulate concrete pro posals of what can be done to ameliorate the situation Asked if Paris would be avail able for a StalinTruman meeting if neither party would enter the others territory Queuille replied The French government is pre pared to discuss with Britain and the United States about the advis ability of suggesting Paris Thus far the foreign office has not raised objections against a bilateral meeting without France being present as they did last summer following American Am bassador W Bedell Smiths Mos cow memorandum However con versations are going on between Paris and London to see whether the British still maintain their hostility to a RussoAmerican con ference In which they are not a participant X
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