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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 2, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Cloudy with snow flurries Wednesday little change in temperature Details on Page 22 VOL 158 NO Ill SALT LAKE CITY UTAH WEDNESDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 2 1949 Medics Hit Crowding In Utah Iiistitutinos Lawmakers Ponder Appeals To Relieve Overcrowding By RICHARD A SQUIRES Tribune Staff Correspondent PROVO Feb constant creeping growth in the number of Utahns confined in stace institutions for the mentally ill and the mentally deficient is a problem that no longer can be avoided by walking on the other side of the street members of the 1949 state legislature were told here Tuesday Heads of the American Fork Training school and the Utah State hospital which have a com bined population of 1900 stu dents and patients needed only to lead the junketing lawmakers through the crowded wards and bedtobed dormitories to prove their point Becomes Custodial Dr H H Ramsey training school superintendent said that the school has become a custodial institution rather than a teaching one Of the schools 67J children only 75 were of sufficient men tality to be considered the remaining 600 ranging in age from two to 60 years are un teachabJe wards of the institu tion until they die he said J E Horton assistant superin tendent said that the problem facing the institution was ap proaching a crisis The custodial cases he said are rapidly filling the institution leav ing less and less room each year for high grade morons who can be taught how to them selves and returned to society Problem of Overcrowding Dr Ramsey touched on the problem of overcrowding in an in formal talk to the visiting repre sentatives urging that the train ing schools appropriation request be cut no more than that of other institutions The school he said now has the longest waiting list of its history and its population will grow and continue to grow In an attempt to stop this growth Dr Ramsey urged the passage of a control law to regulate through sterilization the number of children born to known mentally defectives not now in stitutionalized He said that the law would in no way apply to per fectly normal parents who have subnormal children due to birth accidents or other known heredi tary reasons Asks New Building To relieve the crowded condi tions at the most dormi tories the beds are less than a foot Ramsey asks for an appropriation of to build and equip a hospital and dormitory for new students At the mental hospital Supt Owen P Henninger praised the 1947 legislature for its realiza tion of the hospitals problems the appropriation in 1947 was in creased but said that the state could spend twice as much on its mentally ill and not waste a nickel Curing Not Confining He said the population of the hospital is now 1220 and contin uing to increase Per capita ex penditure he said is only per day compared to a general hospital Tixpenditure of per day exclusive of medical fees While we have been able to improve the care of patients greatly due to the 1947 appropria tion increase he said Utah still is not meeting its responsi bility by its mentally ill The state hospital has a similar problem to that of custodial care at the training school Of the total patient times the population of the state are custodial in mates needing feeding and con stant care but incapable of being cured 156 Incurable He said another 156 of the pa tients were men and women over 70 suffering in the main from senile psychoses and also incapable of being cured and returned to so ciety During the tourpacked day leg islators also visited the Central Utah Vocational school where most of the classes are being con ducted in rapidly deteriorating tarpaper barracks The only permanent type build ings at the school belong to Utah county and the county is asking the school to vacate in order that the buildings may be used for the county fair Obtains New Plot The school already has obtained an 11acre building plot It has asked the legislature to approve a building program and for operations for the next biennium Dr Walther Mathesius presi dent Geneva Steel Co praised the school a definitely of value to the community at a luncheon for the visiting lawmakers sponsored by Prove civic leaders He said that the combination of onthejob training given by the steel plant and vocational school training have given us a trade education program that is hard to beat The house will reconvene Wednesday at 2 pm OKEH BY UTAH Senators Eye Presidency Tenure Limit By O N MALMQTJIST A resolution to ratify the amendment to the U S constitu tion limiting presidential tenure to two terms was advanced to third reading by the Utah senate Tuesday Four Democrats joined with nine Republicans to give the measure an affirmative vote of 13 Only one senator voted against but nine were absent part of that number having accompanied the house to Utah county to visit state institutions Democrat Vote List Democrats who voted for the resolution were Seins J Francis Fowles Ogden Marl D Gibson Price Fred J Milliman Mam moth and Lynn Orser Roose velt The negative vote was cast by Sen James E Burns D To approval on final read ing the resolution would have to receive a twothirds majority of 16 in the senate and 40 in the house Most of the afternoon was spent in debating a resolution SR 3 calling upon the national congress to dispense with rent control as soon as possible Branded Discriminatory Only a few opposed the aim of the resolution but several ob jected to the whereas dealing with the principle of rent control Sen Rue L Clegg R Salt Lake the author and chief sponsor had described it as grossly discriminatory an encour agement to crime by rewarding one party in an unlawful act with treble damages and a threat to the integrity of government Sen Marl D Gibson objected to these statements on the grounds that they would antagonize con gress rather than induce it to act in accordance with the resolu tion and on the grounds that they were expressions of controversial opinion rather than statements of fact Sen Clegg firmly maintained that everything in the resolution See Page 4 Column 2 PRICE FIVE CENTS Junket Members Inspect Vocation School Status Lookingover a section of the Central Utah Voca tional school at Provo are left to right Burton H Adams Utah county commission chairman Wilson W Sorensen Central Utah Vocational school principal Rep John A Murch D Rep Ernest H Dean D house members Driver of Bus Dies Seven Hurt in Crash Tribune Special SPRINGVILLB Feb 1 A bus Occupants Ask Rent Boost CHICAGO Feb 1 INS A request for permission to raise rents in a 26apartment building by 20 posed a problem Tuesday for the area director The tenants of the building want to pay more rent The landlord Henry Herman wants the rent increases too but not without approval of the rent control office Francis Olson chairman of the tenants in Hermans building said the renters voted voluntarily to increase their rents by 20 be cause Herman was losing money Herman said he would be forced to sell the building unless the revenue from the property is increased Spokesmen for the Chicago rent control office said the tenants of fer was one of the first of its kind in the area driver was killed and 12 of his passengers were injured early Tuesday in a crash involving four vehicles on fogshrouded U S highway 91 north of here The driver James Elgin Wil kens 47 Spanish for the Continental Trailways aystern vas pinned behind the steering wheel of his bus it plowed into the rear of a loaded Utah county gravel truck He died at he Utah Valley hospital Provo about an hour after the accident Seven to Hospital Seven passengers were taken to the hospital for emergency treat ment but only two were admitted Condition of the two Mrs Rose Nostrom Springville and Elaine Peterson 26 Spanish Fork was not serious hospital attendants said Both suffered possible frac tures Others receiving treatment for minor injuries were Frank G King 26 and Paul Gardner 19 Brigham Young university stu dents Mrs Shirley Aiken 22 and Mrs Leonora Allred all of Span ish Fork Mrs Rowene Bird 19 Mrs Estelle Jones 29 Josephine Valero 25 and James Pattridge all of Springville Mrs Vera Fran corn 25 Payson and Mrs Bing ham Peterson 50 Santaquin About 50 passengers were aboard the vehicle and most of them were on their way to school or work in Provo Four Vehicles According to investigating offi cers four vehicles were involved in the accident An automobile driven by Blainey T Kimball 22 Springville who had slowed down for a road grader traveling in front of him was hit from behind by a machine oper ated by Ernest E Davis 57 Salem officers said The county gravel truck driven by Henry Smith Payson slowed down for the difficulty and the bus clashed into it the officers reported None of the other drivers was hurt The point of impact was un usually high because of the raised See Page 2 Column 4 UNIONS GO INTO HUDDLE Rail Worker Envoys Weigh Carrier Wage Proposals CHICAGO Feb 1 tiators for 1000000 nonoperating railroad employes went into a hud dle Tuesday night to discuss terms of a settlement proposal made by the nations railroads in a wagehour dispute Terms of the proposal the first made since the disputing sides re sumed negotiations here Jan 5 were not disclosed G E Leighty chief negotiator for the 16 unions involved said his committee would study the railroad offer Tuesday night and report Wednesday on whether it is acceptable Negotiations were resumed after a presidential factfinding board intervened in the dispute The unions had threatened a nation wide strike The factfinding board recom mended a sevencent hourly pay raise for the workers and a cut back in the work week from 48 to 40 hours Talks were resumed on the basis of these recommenda tions The unions have been legally free to strike since Jan 17 under cooling off provisions of the Na tional Railway Labor Act but offi cials have emphasized that no strike date is in the picture WASHINGTON Feb 1 INS Harry S Truman Tuesday named members of a threeman emergency board to investigate a threatened strike involving 70 railroads in the United States Members of the board are Dr George W Taylor chairman Phil adelphia Lewis Grady Washing ton D C attorney and Prof George E Osborne of Stanford viniversity TO AVERT DISASTER President Proposes Planned Economy WASHINGTON Feb 1 UP Pres Harry S Truman declared Tuesday night proper planning will avert economic disaster for the United States and enable this coun try to carry out worldwide respon sibilities to maintain peace He told the NationalPlanning1 Assn there is a distinct differ ence between a controlled econ omy and a planned economy He said planning the nations economic future is necessary to enable the U S to meet situa tions which in the past have led to depressions Mr Truman recalled that he and a partner failed in a haberdashery Block Leveled By CaveIn Four Injured CARBONDALB Pa Feb 1 underground anthra cite mine cavein collapsed an entire city block and jolted two adjoining blocks here Tuesday injuring four persons and severely damaging 14 homes Authorities said a warning rumble just before the cavern aroused the sleeping householders and probably saved many from injury ordeath in their broken homes Barefoot In Snow The quiet residential section is on the edge of this mining com munity of 20000 Men women and children clad in night clothes and many barefooted rushed into the freezing snowcovered streets Not more than five minutes later the earth shook and sank Three frame houses dropped into a 25ft pit Eleven tilted crazily Two automobiles fell 20 feet into a hole Police and neighbors formed a human chain and pulled the mem bers of two families out of the steepsided chasm into which their homes had fallen Water Main Bursts Houses in the surrounding blocks shook but the earth be neath them held firm But large cracks appeared in walls and doors were jammed into sagging frames A water main crackedand sent a torrent of quickfreezing water rushing through the streets before workers could shut it off High tension wires sagged from tilted poles and forced families from several homes which escaped the earths collapse Forty persons lived in the 14 sunken homes Mrs Stanley Evman her six monthold daughter Jean and Mary McDonald a school teacher were taken to Carbondale General hospital with injuries Walter Svismazk 35 was treated at the scene for bruises of the back and leg Worst in History The subsidence worst in the history of this town where they are not infrequent was the second in a week within a twoblock area It occurred above a mine employ ing about 100 persons operated by the Deangelis Coal Co under a lease from the Hudson Coal Co There were no miners in the work ings at the time store venture in Kansas City in 1921 That business went to the wall he said and he got into politics as a busted merchant against an able and distinguished banker Iri a seriousvein the said it is necessary that this coun try make plans to prevent any possible recurrence of economic disaster He said it is absolutely essen tial that the nations economic structure remain sound and pros perous because of its responsibil ity to lead the world in its quest for an enduring peace Lands Hoover Work The president praised the efforts of the bipartisan commission headed by former Pres Herbert Hoover which is studying reor ganization of the government He predicted there will be all sorts of cries and wails from those trying to protect pet agencies and projects About the only real power a president has is that of trying to get people to do what they ought to do without being asked Mr Truman asserted He said the pres ident spends most of his time kissing people to try to get them to do what they ought to do without being kissed Work Little Harder He said now that his salary has been raised he probably ought to work a little harder Congress recently passed and Mr Truman signed a bill boosting his salary from to a year The president only works about 38 hours a day now he went on Maybe he ought to work 20 Mr Truman recalled that about six years ago the planning asso ciation was discussing postwar plans at a time when people were worried about how many persons might be out of work and how many businesses might go to the wall fo lack of contracts Solaris Rate Toast For Sobriety Agree the Solons WASHINGTON Feb 1 CTPS Congressmen want their constituents to know theyre not influenced by capital capers in the form of cocktail parties and are soberer than almost anybody The whole thing was thrashed out on the house floor after published criticism of the fast pace set in official circles here Rep Frank B Keefe R Wis declared that most con gressmen are hardworking and able to resist temptation Those who are complaining need only say no to invitations he said Being a congressman is an 18hour daily stint without time for follies and frolics al lowed Democratic Leader John W McCormack Leaving out religious bodies I dare say that this is the sober est body of men on earth of its size added Rep John E Ran kin D The gentlemans observation is absolutely correct agreed McCormack Not only sober in the use of intoxicants but sober in thought Vets Pension Bill Faces Cool Outlook Cost Held Too High Not in Harmony With Truman Rule WASHINGTON Feb 1 The administration Tuesday indi cated its opposition to a proposed veterans pension which it esti mated would cost almost 000000 the first year with Itter outlays reaching multibillion dol lar levels Veterans Administrator Carl R Gray Jr told the house veterans committee that a plan to give servicemen of the last two wars a 60 monthly pension when they reach age 60 plus disability pay ments could not be considered in accord with the program of the president Only 90 Days Under the benefit measure sponsored by Chairman John E Rankin D a veteran need only to haveserved 90 days in either of the two world wars to qualify for the pension At age 65 the monthly payment would be The extra disability pay would range from to a month with no proviso that the disability must have been incurred in service Gray said that while he was neither opposing nor favoring the proposal in his role as veterans administrator its potential mag nitude must be weighed closely now to prevent unwarranted fi nancial outlays in the future He said the cost burden might be sufficiently great to endanger the entire veterans compensation program Cost Estimate He estimated that during the first year of operations the bill would cover 2661800 veterans at a cost of But by 1985 he said over 8000000 World War II veterans will be age 60 or over He told the committee that the Rankin ubHl not only is contrary to the administration program but also departs from legislative pol icy previously established by con gress on two 1 It provides pensions benefits without any limitation as to the employability or economic status of the potential beneficiary 2 It calls for both pension and disability payments which he said congress opposed in 1934 when it outlined a policy of limiting such awards to one compensation or retirement pay Soviet Sphere Puts Brand On Hungary BUDAPEST Hungary Feb 1 republic of Hungary be came a peoples republic Tues day The change gives Communist Hungary the actbal form of other peoples republics Poland for which are satellites of Soviet Russia Hungary has had practically everything but the for mal name for a long time Pre sumably the change removed the last obstacle to fullfledged trcntr ies with other countries in the Soviet sphere U S Top Foe A formal statement accompany ing proclamation of the change said American imperialists and their satellites now replace Ger man Fascists as enemies of peo ples democracies Hungary aims to maintain friendly economic and political connections with all countries provided they do not interfere with our internal affairs the statement added It promised absolute freedom of religion but announced Hun gary would fight back if the church uses her international con nections to support internal and external enemies of the peoples democracy Just Before Trial The statement came three days before the scheduled start of the trial of Josef Cardinal Minds zenty Roman Catholic primate of Hungary The government charges him with treason and other offenses Mathias RakosS Hungarys No 1 Communist and deputy premier announced mechanics of the change on this third anniversary of the republic The Communistdominated coa lition of political parties partici pating in the government changed its names from National Front of Independence to Peoples Front of Independence Rakosi becomes chairman of the supreme council of the Peo ples Front Premier Isvan Dobi of the Smallholders party and Min of State Ferenc Erbei of the Peasant party became vice chairman The Smallholders party which polled a majority in Hungarys last free election before the Com munists won control in May 1947 will have 10 of the 43 seats in the supreme council of the Peoples Front Ching Fights Bill On Transfer Of Labor Bureau Warns Senate Committee Move Is Step Backward WASHINGTON Feb 1 S Ching director of the federal mediation service told congress Tuesday that shifting his agency into the labor department would be a step backward In this he flatly opposed the recommendations of the Truman administration and Secy of Labor Maurice Tobin Ching a pipesmoking man 6 feet 7 inches tall and 72 years old also cautioned congress against passing a get even labor law He asked for a law that would be a basis for sound relations But he didnt give de tails to the senate labor commit tee which listened to his testi mony On the ground that he is an im partial mediator Ching didnt take sides on most of the hot WARY OF REDS Norse Spurn Moscow Look West WASHINGTON Feb 1 UP Diplomatic officials warned Tues day night that Norways firm but gentle reply to Russia that she plans to investigate membership in the North Atlantic security pact may increase Soviet obstruction ism They hailed the Norwegian statement as a masterpiece of diplomacy however and said it indicated Norways obvious inter est in joining the alliance if she can do so on terms that will not openly antagonize Moscow Voice Membership Hope The state department voiced hope meantime that Norway and other governments could be drawn into the proposed security agreement despite the frequent and angry criticisms of Soviet leaders Diplomats said the Norwegian declaration was phrased in such a way astotell Russia in unmistak able terms that she is keenly in terested in the pact At the same time they said it avoided strong language which could alienate Rus sia State department press officer Michael J McDermott said the North Atlantic democracies draft ing the proposedalliance still are hot in a position to broach the question of membership to other countries Treaty Being Drafted But he added that we hope soon to be in a position to discuss the whole subject with Norway and other governments The treaty is being drafted by the United States Britain Bel giuin Canada France Luxem bourg and the Netherlands They already have agreed on its provi sions in principle arid now are writing a text In addition to Norway they hope that Denmark Iceland Ire land Portugal and Italy will join the first peacetime defense link between this country and western Europe The announcement that Norway had replied to Russia was made in Oslo It asserted that Norway will investigate the terms onwhich it would be allowed to join the secur ity alliance Russia has charged that Britain and the United States hope to use the alliance as a step toward world domination Some quar ters interpreted Premier Josef Stalins offer to agree to a nowar pledge witn Pres Harry S Truman as a move to reassure the Scan dinavian nations While McDermott did not say flatly that other nations would be invited to join the pact that ob viously was what he meant The alliance nations have been giving close study to that question questions involved in the adminis trations drive to junk the Taft Hartley act and substitute a law more favorable to unions Takes Impartial Stand To the disappointment of some of the Republicans on the commit tee Ching wouldnt recommend keeping the TaftHartley laws provision for 80day injunctions to delay national emergency strikes Nor would he recommend that these injunctions be abol ished as proposed in the adminis tration bill In defending the independent status cf his own agency how ever Ching was positive and de tailed The senators questioned him so long there was no time left for Paul Herzog chairman of the National Labor Relations board Herzog now is scheduled to appear Wednesday SpeedUp Procedure Late Tuesday the committee agreed on a speedup procedure designed to meet the Feb 10 dead line it previously set for winding up the public hearings Chairman Thomas announced that beginning Thursday the hearings will run each day from am EST to 10 pm with time out only when the senate is in session and on Sunday In another move to expedite things the committee agreed to require each witness to submit written statements in advance and to limit theiroral statements to 10 minutes However there will be no limit on the time for question ing by committee members Witnesseswill be permitted to discuss only proposals in line with those of the president Senators backing proposals not consistent with Mr Trumans will get a chance to testify regarding them later at sessions behind closed doors Thomas said Secy Tobin testifying Monday in favor of the administration bill had told the committee the media tion service would remain im partial as a part of the labor department Must Avoid Suspicion Replying to questions from Sens Robert A Taft R and Forrest C Donnell R Ching said that whether he per sonally continues the job of medi ation or someone else is not a burning public question The im portant thing he said is that gov ernment mediators occupy a posi tion that will immunize them from the slightest suspicion that they favor any interest other than that of the whole people of the United States After the hearing the commit tee chairman Sen Thomas who is sponsoring the Truman bill formed a newsman he still favors the transfer of the mediation serv ice Sen Taft on the other hand said Chings argument wag very conclusive and very muck stronger than argument on the other side 50 Congress Budget Estimate Due for Deadline Extension WASHINGTON Feb 1 Law or no law Democratic sena tors decided Tuesday that con gress cant estimate accurately in the next two weeks how much its going to cost to run the govern ment in fiscal 1950 Accordingly they decided that something must be done about the Feb 15 deadline set by the con gressional reorganization law for approval of a spending ceiling In a general conference of all Democratic members the sena tors agreed to let the chairmen of the four taxing and spending com mittees of congress fix a new deadline Sen Guy Gillette D Iowa said the new date might be April 1 April 15 or May 1 In addition the four chairmen were instructed to study repeal of the section requiring the budget estimate The chairmen are Sen Walter J George D Ga ofthe senate committee Sen Kenneth McKellar Dt Tenn of senate appropriations Rep Robert L Doughton D N C of the house ways and means committee and Rep Clarence Cannon D Mo of house appropriations The reorganization law was passed in 1946 and got its first test in the Republican controlled 80th congress The lawmakers found it difficult if not wholly im possible to make an intelligent estimate in the first six weeks of a session of spending that wouldnt even begin until the start of the fiscal year the follow ing July 1 The idea was that congress would put a fixed lid on spending and tailor appropriations to fit The law also requires congress to estimate revenues for the coming year Sen Joseph OMahoney D Wyo said the whole idea ofa congressional budget was im practical and ought to be junked to
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