Saturday, January 15, 1949

Salt Lake Tribune

Location: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - January 15, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Intelmountain Network Station KALL fMontfiy Through Friday 93 WEATHER Considerable cloudiness Satur with snow Details on Page 24 Utah Senate Receives Four Major Bills Sales Industry Racial Engineers Affected By MALMQU1ST Bills to liberalize Utahs industrial compensation exempt eertain foods from the sales reorganize the state engineering department and outlaw discriminations for racial or religiou reasons were received in the senate Three of the bills were placed in the legislative mill formally and the industrial measure was received by the sec retary for formal introduction when the senate reconvenes Mon day at 2 To Boost Compensation One of organized labors major projects for this the in dustrial compensation bill would boost maximum weekly payments from to 535 5 for each dependent up to widen the scope of the law by bringing employers of one or more persons under its provisions and require payment of benefits for life in total permanent disability At present the law covers em ployers of three or more persons and total disability payments are limited to six With the 5 allowance for de the maximum payment under the proposed bill would be per The measure also liberalizes the burial expense al lowance in death simplifies the formula for determining eafn ings of a covered worker and tightens up enforcement Occupation Disease BUI Labor leaders reported that an occupational disease bill carrying comparable benefits is being pre pared for The state civil rights intro duced by Lorenzo Elggren Salt Manning Jol ley Marthakis Salt and David Jones Spanish is aimed primarily at discriminations in places of public amusement and The bill would make it unlawful misdemeanor to deny any person the full enjoyment of any ad or privileges of place of public re or amusement on account of creed or color for any other reason not applicable alike to all Sales Tax Exemption The sales tax exemption in troduced by would take the sales tax off vege dairy spices and other food products usually sold at retail for human The state engineering depart ment reorganization was proposed in four bills introduced by Elias Day Salt Marl Gibson Price and Francis Fowles The measures would terminate the terms of the present threemem commission and set up a sevenmember nonsalaried com This commission would employ an engineer to act as gen eral executive The chief engineer would hold office indef initely but could be dismissed by the commission at any Other bills of the series would bring the state building board and areonau tics department under the pro posed Oilier Measures Other measures introduced into the senate would Remove the state superinten dent of public instruction from the list of elective state officials and make provision for his appoint ment by a state board of educa tion to be elected on a nonparti ann basis within theseven judi cial districts of the Deny recognition to divorces obtained by residents of this state in another Residence in the state within 12 months of the be ginning of the divorce action and a resumption of residence within IS months after departure would be regarded as prima facie evi dence of residence in this state at the time the divorce action was Prohibit Side Practice Prohibit city judges from prac ticing in They now may handle certain types of such as uncontested probate Set up a registration committee for Set up a statewide electrical inspection To the accompaniment of wry from some the senate passed without a dissent ing vote a house resolution con gratulating Harry S Tru man upon his Orrice MeShane Beaver said the minority party members wished the president every Sen Rue Clcgg Salt Lake said he was willing to vote for it but suggested he might like to insert STATE EMPLOYES a we are sorry but amend Turkey Cabinet Folds 14 UP President Ismet Inonu Friday night accepted the resignation of Premier Hasan Saka and his cab it was announced Bill Proposes To Extend Labor Statute By BICHABD SQUIRES A bill to require the state and its political subdivisions to bar gain collectively with their em ployes was introduced Friday in the house of It was one of 13 measures re ceived before the house adjourned until Monday at 2 After ad house members sub mitted 30 additional bills which were numbered for introduction Monday WouldRepeal Act The bill to bring public employes under Utahs labor relations act also would repeal the CleggVest act passed in 1947 over organized labors In its the wording of the former labor the socalled Little Wagner Act of Utah would be The new goes a step further in bringing the state and its political subdivisions under the provisions of state labor rela tions The Little Wagner act exempted these as it did the federal government and employes subject to the Railway Labor In Same Category The new amendment would place the state and other governmental subdivisions in same category as other employers in their rela tionship with their employes Thus the state would be required to bargain collectively with its em ployes or face unfair labor prac tices One of the major differences be Column 4 African Riots Fatal to 50 Union of South Af 15 least 50 natives and Indians have been killed in a twoday race riot which has injured more than 300 No Europeans whites are known to have been For the first time in the history of South Africa the navy and air force were called out to help police restore Damaee was estimated at The riots started Thursday when a young native boy was injured by an Indian market stall holder push cart He was taken to a hospital with severe head wounds and rumors spreading like wild fire said that he had been Natives started attacking In dians indiscriminately Thousands of them ran amok arid whole fam ilies of Indians were slain in their When the armed forces got the situation under control in the cen ter of the the orgy of killing and sacking spread to the Chanting African battle the natives swept out to the sparsely settled districts burning and looting whole streets of Indian houses and SALT LAKE SATURDAY JANUARY PRICE FIVE CENTS Majority of Crew Bailed Out Seconds Before Doomed C82 Four of Crew 14 UP flying boxcar jacked with paratroopers of the amed 82nd airborne division went nto a death dive but 36 men bailed out before it crashed and killed four The pilot and copilot escaped ihroughr a hatch after the plane smashed into the single tree be tween it and a clearing where it might have landed Jumpmaster Survives Another survivor was Rob ert Lee jumpmaster of he paratroopers and the last in ine to bail His turn came oo but he miraculously es caped unhurt when the plane crashed and The 9th air force command headquarters at the plane was said he dead were Robert Kilpatrick of a second not immediately dentified Thomas Hil on of crew and Norman Har ris of radio Pilot Identified The pilot was identified only as The copilot was dentified only as Witnesses said the paratroopers tarted tumbling out at an altitude if less than 400 and that the ast leaped at about 250 Jcrilously low for Hodgkiss had a free fall which required pulling the ipcord by There was not mough altitude for him to use Puts Ship In Glide The working in heroic lesperation to save his planes uiman put the ship into a ong low glide after its engines It was headed for a clear ng in the pine woods on the estate f the late Percy five miles north of One pine tree towered ahead The planes left wing hit it and ipped wrecking the fuselage The wreckage hurtled into the See Page Column I LOOTED IN MEXICO Million Art Collection Stirs Controversy on Ownership SAN 14 A million dollar collection of ap proximately 1100 religious paint ings turned up here Friday and a hot controversy developed over their James captain of police said he believed the at least one Rembrandt and one El looted from the churches of Mexico during rioting when the 192428 Calles administration invoked the constitution of 1917 to nationalize Catholic church His theory was challenged im mediately by Paul veteran art dealer of who was questioned by police there at Eng lishs Metcalf said thev were acquired legitimately by an American collector in the early The dealer said he sold them to ar restorer here for But Archbishop John Mitty of San Francisco told English We believe these paintings are the property of the Critics called in by ap praise the paintings said they com prised the laregst collection of ec clesiastical art The total value was estimated at 000 They were located in two art galleries English said the studio of Jose Mass had 663 paintings that of Lorenzo Noll about Capt English said critics esti atea the collection represents ur centuries of church art by ading Spanish and Italian paint four le ers in the in a telephone conver sation with the San Francisco agreed with the He added some of the pictures were py painters of a school set up by to Provide art for its Mexican COMMUNIST TIDE ROLLS ON Reds Enter Flaming PerU 82 in 15 forces smashed their way into the heart of Tien sin as far as the United States consulate Friday and the govern ment radio in the city appealed to the Reds to cease Much of the city was reported The Red artillery barrage Which preceded the heavy attack took a arge toll of civilian but foreign consular staffs including 82 Americans were reported safe so far except for minor injuries caused by flying The vice consul was cut Egypt Check War During Talks 14 and Egyptians took their first definite step toward peace Friday 3y agreeing to keep their military orces in check while negotiations for an armistice are At their second formal session asting 15 minutes the delegates approved the text of a conference preamble which pledged each side to start no new military offen sivesand to respect the national security of the other while the armistice conference is in prpg Step Held Important A spokesman for the acting who is sponsoring Jie said the agreement was an important step since any armistice must be based on vol untary assurances that no ag gressive action is contemplated by either A ceasefire ordered by the security council is now in ef fect in the Negev where Jewish and Egyptian forces face each The point on no military offen sives was 1 in en explosive aden agenda which the represen tatives of Israel and Egypt had agreed to Note Other Progress The second point is implemen ation of the security coun cil resolutions of 4 and 16 calling for a of orces to positions held 14 and negotiation of an Subpoints include the question of he Faluja pocket where an Egyp brigade of about 3000 men las been under siege since mid delineation of armistice and reduction of These are points onwhich it has een impossible to get agreement The next two points apparently ook toward positive They includethe drafting of an armistice and the in tialing of an One member of the staff of klediator Ralph Bunche said he believed the entire conference would be finished by next The Jews have come with full powers to sign an by glass windows and a Chinese girl employe was wounded by Consul Robert L Smyth reported am E ST Friday that five or six Communist soldiers are now passing the consul office firing rifles into the The consulate js in a modern building in the heart of the business dis A few minutes earlier Smyth radioed that troops were in front of the United States Information Service four blocks from the and that the Com munists were shouting to Na tionalist soldiers who sought ref uge in the demanding that they throw their weapons into the TJSIS Office Shelled The USIS office was hit ear lier in the day by Communist artil lery wounding a Chinese girl and inflicting cuts by flying glass on Vice Consul The consulate itself was endangered by fire directed at a nearby Shell Oil and the walls were padded with rugs to cut down the danger flying glass and shell The Nationalist radio addressed its appeal to Communist Lin promising a complete Na tionalist cease fire in the Tientsin and Tangku areas if the Reds would halt their The gov ernment offered to send a three man peace delegation to deal with the Enter from Northwest The Communist which first announced the allout at also reported that Red Chief Mao reclying to Gen eralissimo Chiang Kaisheks New Years peace had listed eight conditions for a negotiated settle ment of the civil Picture of Mao on page Smyth said the Communists en tered Tientsin from the northwest and drove across the old Chi Truman Approves Million For Trainers 14 up air force announced Fri day that Harry S Truman has approved an allotment of to buy about 158 jet fighters and a number of training The funds will be used for about 46 Northrop F89 all weather jet 110 Lock heed F94 fighters allweather converted from F80 trainers and a number of train ers of a type not yet The money previously had been earmarked for purchase of 88 F87 fighters and 100 F84 Plans to purchase those planes were The air force announced in October that the contract for F87s would not be carried in view of the need for the produc tion of planes meeting military requirements than those for the F87 was de nese city into the former British and French Approxi mately 120 British and 50 French nationals had moved into American officials had reported earlier from the industrial city of that Red forces were meeting little resistance in early morning mopup The immediate of Tangku was Heavy firing was heard just easl of the Tientsin business center where the American con sulate is 90 miles to the north appeared to be next on the Communist Files Suit To Split Up Phone Trust 14 The government sued Friday to foree the gigantic American Tele phone and to aban don its billion dollar equipment making Attorney general Tom Clark said this could lower telephone rates throughout the The suit demanded that and and its manufacturing sub the huge Western Electric be It asked that Western Electric be split into three competing and then would have to go into the market for its Cites Conspiracy Filed by the justice the suit charged the firms with a conspiracy to monopolize the nations telephone It said lack of competjtion keers telephone equipment costs In the department efficient improvements have been withheld from general use to save on replacements that the present hand telephone set did not become standard Bell equipment for 17 years after it was The a antitrust com was filed in federal dis tricti court at and replied that the public and telephone users would suffer most from the changes de A statement was issued in New York by Leroy Public Interest I am he that when all the facts are the exist ing arrangement will be found in the public Wilson also said the present ar rangement keeps equipment costs as low as News of the suit was blocked by a drop in value of and shares on the stock The price went to lowest since and was said by the justice department to have a physical worth of It was called the largest corpora tion in the world on the basis of Clark Asks Okeh By Congress Of Wire Tapping Urges Tighter Spy Says Agents Hamstrung U Tom Clark Friday sent congress sweeping new antispy including for legal wire to foil the treacherous opera tions of those who would weaken our country internally The one of the toughest security laws ever proposed to was sent to in this Speaker Sani Rayburn and Chair man Pat McCarran New York of the senate judiciary Crime ol Possession In to permitting wire tapping by it would require all known spies to register with this government and make unauthorized possession of top se cret documents a Glark told Rayburn and McCar ran that the bill reflects conclu sions reached by the FBI and military intelligence agencies after a threeyear study of the pro visions and inadequacies of exist ing He said It was incongruous that existing laws should protect our enemiesand hamper our pro tectors in such The swift and more devastating weapons of modern coupled with the treacherous oper ations of those who would weaken our country prelimiisarv to and in conjunction with external have made it imperative that we strengthen and maintain an alert and effective peacetime Numerous Loopholes Clark has maintained that loop holes in present laws are so nu merous that government counter intelligence agents cant success fully fight foreign Besides legalizing wire tapping by intelligence the proposed bill would also Eliminate the present three year statute of limitations for peacetime violation of the espio Require all persons trained i espionage or sabotage by a foreign power to register that fact with this This would enable the govern ment to pick up known foreign spies before they made any open move to commit At pres ent even spies are the FBI must wait till they Crime of Possession Make it a crime for any one to have highly confidential govern ment documents his Under present a person hold ing1 such documents commits a crime only when he refuses to give them up on demand from the gov Make it a crime for a govern ment official to fail to report the loss of top secret Authorize the secretary of navy to issue security regulations cor waterfront facilities he be lieves important to the national Authorize the secretary of defense to issue similar orders about aircraft and Make it a crime for anyone to try to obtain a secret document about national defense that could used to the injury of the United States or to the advantage of any foreign Must Prove Intent Under present such action s a crime only if the individual las intent to work against the best interests of the United or reason to believe his actions will do This motive has been almost impossible to prove in some espionage The house unAmerican activ ties committee has frequently ac cused the Justice department of failing to crack down on foreign agents in this and the de partment has replied that it has done all that it can under present Tom Clark Calls tor tightened antispy Refuse Cold War Neutrals Aid 14 The United States grave notice Fri day that countries remaining neu tral in tMe cold war will get no American arms or defense sup Michael State de partment press told about this new policy shortly after the department charged that Russian obstruction has seriously ham pered activities of the United Na Lashes at Russ the State depart ment struck out anew at Russia in a statement accusing Moscow of gravely endangering the peace with the blockade of The statement said Instead of the great power teamwork so devoutly sought by the people of the the ob struction of one country and its willing or unwilling associates has seriously hampered the activities of the United The end if not the of the Soviet program has been to weaken the effectiveness of the and to shake the confidence of many people in it as an instru ment of List of McDermott listed the countries with whom the United States has or will have defense arrange ments making them eligible for American military They are 1 The western European coun tries now negotiating a north Atlantic defense agreement with the United States and These include Bel the Netherlands Lux 2 Latin American renublics whic hhave entered into the hemis pheric pact for the defense of the 3 Korea and Probers Unanimously Indorse Acheson for Secretary Post 14 The nomination of Acheson to be secretary of state won unanimous approval of the senate foreign relations committee Fri day after he indicted communism as fatal to An excerpt from Achesons sec ret released by Com mittee Chairman Tom Connally declared It is my view that communism as a doctrine is to a free society and to human rights and fundamental Communism as an aggressive actor in world conquest is fatal independent governments and free Thus Acheson capped his pub lic testimony Thursday in which le scornfully rejected the label of appeaser in his views toward Russia and pledged himself to clean out any disloyal persons in Jthe state Chairman Connally announced that all 13 members of the senate Democrats and five solidly for Swift virtually unopposed confirmation is expected in the probably next Committee members questioned Acheson in a closeddoor lasting two hours and 15 All members were sworn to se except for the single ex cerpt of his testimony given to All that Connally would say was that Acheson discussed inti mate and delicate questions of Other members told re porters before they went into long executive session that expected to find out just exactly where Acheson stands on the ques tion of a mild or firm stand against