Sunday, January 9, 1949

Salt Lake Tribune

Location: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - January 9, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Intermountaio Network Station HALL Monday Thmncli rrldijr WEATHER Partly cloudy with snow flurries Details on Page 7C 87 SALT LAKE SUNDAY JANUARY 1949 Urges Radar Guard for Nation Symington Says Lack of Network Critical Weakness in Defense 8 air force Saturday night eskecl congress tor a vast and costly radar warning system to plug a dangerous gap in the nations defenses against surprise Air Stuart asserting that the country must be ready for instantaneous defensive or offensive action in an era of supersonic planes and atomic said the lack of a radar air warning network ia a critical Without such he our own fighter aircraft cannot hope to intercept Symington also said lack of suf ficient facilities for research on supersonic aircraft and guided missiles is a serious limiting fac tor to that air superiority consid PRICE FIFTEEN CENTS to American se cred essential Urges Warning Network The secretary made these obser vations in the air forces first annual report since it became a separate department in the na tional military The report covered the 1948 fiscal year which ended last June Symington urged congress to provide for establishment of the airwarning an air en gineering development center for supersonic flight and an all longrange proving ground for guided Chairman Carl Vinson of the house armed services com mittee already has introduced a bill to authorize the airwarning It is similar to a measure he introduced last but which died when the 80th congress did not act upon Vinson also has introduced leg islation for a 70fighting group air Withholds Cost Estimate The air force withheld its esti mates on the cost of building and maintaining radar airwarning system adequate to insure the na tion against a aneak attack by enemy But congressional sources re ported the air force wanted up wards of for construc tion over a fiveyear On the asset Symington listed eight accomplishments of the air forces scientific program 1 Flying a piloted aircraft faster than 2 introduction of 13 new models of 3 modifications increasing greatly the range of operational particularly heavy 4 perfection of the technique of re fueling of one plane by another in 5 Improvement of tractor type landing gear for use in rough 6 increasing the power of both jet and conventional engines by about 7 missile sounding of the upper atmosphere above and 8 com pletion of the second year of un broken daily allweather flying over a test route between Wil and Washing Cites Long liangc Bomber Hoyt air force chief of added to this list production of the long range B36 bomber and successful test Ing of the B49 flying wing Both Symington and Vanden berg cited the Berlin airlift as proof of the air forces ability to meet an unparalleled Operation Symington is an example of great sig nificance in showing what it means to any nation to be able to use the air space at will in pursuit of national diplomatic But he cautioned against pos sible We cannot count on future crises being so ineptly timed by those who would put pressure upon Symington The objective of the 70group force he is to give the nation in 1952 an air arm See Pnge Column 5 FLYING BRAIN Latest Missile Uses Hunts Target wj American military scientists ap pear to be working on the idea of a thinking guided missile that will identify the intended target from a then attack A hint of this uncanny flying monster with a brain was con tained in a glossary of guided missile terms made public Satur day night by the research and development The reference to the project was saying merely this system of homing guidance where in both the for illuminating the and the receiver are carried within the Explains Missile The definition seemed to relate to an idea which some scientists have it is as follows A guided missile it could be a rocket or merely a pilotless plane is fittedwith a television set and a picture of an intended perhaps an aerial photograph of a The missile is launched in the general direction of the When it arrives at a point where the pattern of the picture matches what its television eye missile homes in on the This explanation is vastly over Involved are thou sands of complex electronic ments actuating computing de vices which make instantaneous but complicated reckonings link the eye and the brain of the missile to its controls relay back to the base from which the mis sile was launched information on where it is and what it One of Many Ideas This uncanny and awesome weapon is only one of a number of variations of homing guided projected or in experi mental The air force already is experi menting with including missiles or glide bombs which ride a beam of a ray of heat or a radar A heatseeking bomb has been tested by the air reportedly with fair say it needs especially the abil ity to figure out the difference between the heat from a cottage chimney and the smokestack of a steel In discussing the beam rider the glossary comments that the beam may be either fixed or This suggested the possibility of a countermissile weapon which would seek out a speeding rocket by riding down the light or similar beam and de stroying it by explosion when con tact was The heatseeking of value in strategic attack on war is rated as a homing passive which the glossary explains means the mis sile utilizes natural radiations from the Aviatrix Soars Feet For New Altitude Record 8 Betty 22yearold Saturday set an unofficial national altitude record for light aircraft by climbing to feet in a Piper PA11 air The previous record of feet was set before the war Miss Skeltons flight high lighted the second day of the 17th annual Miami all American air More than persons watched as the pert 1947 aerobatics champion spent nearly three hours making the altitude Miss Skelton said she would have gone higher but she ran out of It was 12 degrees below zero at the peak of her she Im going to try to break the international record of I know I can do she a pair of Wisconsin speed Wittman and Bill into the finals of the continental trophy race for midget The air which suf fered a tragic loss when a jet F80 fighter plunged into the ground and returned with an even larger show Satur While 15 B29 superforts thun dered over the air field at tree itop 12 jet fighters circled the formation at better than 450 miles per 24yearold defend ing won the tenlap semifinal race with an average speed of miles per In the initial an Oshkosh school teacher who built both winning averaged miles per Each picked up first money and a chance to win top money in the 24mile final heat Israeli Batteries Down Five British Craft Theyll Wield the Gavels Designated by Democratic majority to wield gavels in 28th leeis laturc are who will be named speaker of the and Alonzo choice for Democrats Choose House Leathers in Utah Democratic legislators Saturday designated Alonzo Hopkin Woodruff as president of the senate and Ed McPolin City as of the The action was taken at caucuses in the Newhouse The senate group selected its presiding officer one test but the house group re portedly took nine ballots to ar rive at a The caucus winneis will be elected formally when the 28th legislature convenes Re publicans are unlikely to nominate a candidate in the senate as token opposition because Hopkin was their first Winter Flexes For Second Midwest Sally By ASSOCIATED PRESS Winter rounded out a destruc tive weeklong weather binge Sat urday by slamming a new blizzard and cold wave at the midcon tinent and another killing freeze toward A new storm from Canada howled into Montana and Wyo It headed south and east This is the same general area still digging out from the seasons worst blizzard earlier in the To the another mass of chill air moved down from Alaska and Canada toward It is expected to arrive Sunday and forecasters said the air mass is colder than it was last New Destruction The California forecast carried the threat of new destruction to the damaged fruit and vegetable As rising winds and skidding temperatures heralded the coming of the new the weather bureau in Denver issued a special storm warning to travelers and stockmen in Colorado and Wyo The Chicago weather bu reau said the cold with blow ing and drifting would spread as far east as upper Michi Much colder weather was in store for the entire The nations weeklong weather death toll stood at 79 as the new storm moved Tornadoes ex ploding chain fashion across Ar kansas and Louisiana killed 59 earlier in the week and at least 20 perished in Dent In Crop Californias worst freeze in 35 years put an estimated 000 dent in that states fruit and vegetable crop earlier in the By the new storm was preneral in Montana and sweeping into northern Fore casters said blizzard conditions wouki develop in northwestern Minnesota and the Dakotas by Sunday He was the same po sition years ago with the unanimous vote of Democrats and House Republicans may or may not place a token in Before First Ballot Before the first ballot was tak en in the senate all but two candidates withdrew their names from One bal lot was taken on the remaining Hopkin and Taylor of Salt Lake Hopkin received a majority and on motion of Brockbank the selection was made by unani mous In the house there were seven candidates in the field when the balloting In accord ance with a motion adopted the low candidate was dropped after each The first ballot cut the field to as one with drew and one was After a few more the field of candidates was shaken down to McPolin and with the Park City entry emerging as top As Precaution As a precaution against creat ing a situation where the Repub licans might move in and wield a balance of the house caucus voted to ballot until a candidate received at least 31 which is a majority of the entire house This action was prompted by memories of a few years ago when the high man in a Democratic who was a little short of a majority of the entire last the posi tion when the selection was forced to the One unusual but not unpreced See Page Column 7 Program Outline For Legislature Session Monday Heres the schedule of events for the first days session the 28th state opening Monday at Call to with of State Heber Bennion presid ing in the senate and Chief Jus tice Eugene Pratt in the Invocation by Arthur retired Episcopal bishop of in the senate and John mem ber of council of twelve Church of Jesus Christ of Lat terday in the Administration of oaths of office to newly elected senators and representatives by Supreme Court Justices George Lati mer in the senate and Lester Wade in the Election of senate president and house Appointment of special com Appointment of a rules com mittee and patronage Fire Destroys Storage Bins Firemen Hampered By Source of Water IceClogged Tribune Loaned Wire IDAHO While fireman labored helplessly to overcome frozen water sources to fight the a spectacular blaze destroyed the Bonneville Grain elevator on the outskirts of Idaho Falls Saturday Loss was estimated at be tween and The building was constructed during the past year at a cost of about and at the time fire broke out the storage bins contained approximately bushels of valued at ap proximately Idaho Falls Landmark The landmark in the flat country around Idaho Falls be cause of its shining metal plate ex a torch visible far away as Shelley as the flames devoured the Residents 10 miles south of Idaho Falls reported that the flames were visible in many parts of the Crashing wall of the building fell on telephone lines 10 feet cutting off telephone service to the j north as far as Hampered by Cold Firemen were hampered in their efforts in fighting the blaze be cause of the subfreezing weather m this The only source for pumper water pour onthe Hames was a nearby and Tiremen could only use the pumper bank water for their hoses after at tempting to chop into this canal and finding it frozen Water main nearest the fire was a half mile and it was only a quarterinch firemen Only way they had of transporting water was in a capacity pump which they said would be of little aid in battling the The elevator is a 100foottall structure located on the airport It burst into flames about 6 and before firemen could effectively get at the blaze the flames had spread through the en tire Don Your Civvies Rookie Draft Off Until March S With voluntary enlistments the army said Saturday it will draft no men either Febru ary or A call for 5000 men next month was of the Army Kenneth Royall said voluntary enlist ments and reenlistments have been averaging a filling all He added As long as voluntary enlist ments and reenlistments remain sufficient to maintain the strength of the army there will be no calls for The armys present strength is including 18yearold The navy and the air force havent found it neces sary to draft men in peacetime to keep their ranks SOVIET VIEWS Big4 Envoys Ask Policy Toward China By HENRY LIEBERMAN ambas sadors of the four major powers were reported night to have communicated to their home capitals a message from the Chi nese foreign ministry officially stating the National governments desire for peace with the Commu nists and asking the powers to make known their attitudes on There was no official confirma It was that Foreign Minister Wu Teh chen had conferred separately Sat urday afternoon with United States Ambassador Leighton Soviet Ambassador General British Ambassa dor Sir Ralph and French Ambasador Jacques Mey Flurry of Calls The flurry of official calls was surrounded with unusual The embassy had no com The British ambassador admitted he had seen Wu Teh chen but said the visit had nothing to do with Efforts to reach the French and the Soviet were Late Saturday Wu Teh chen conferred at his home with a number of including top members of his Several cor respondents were turned away and written questions they left behind remained Considering Two Methods Although the official foreign ministry spokesman refused to comment on Saturdays develop a well informed Chinese source said the ministry had been considering two ways of approach powers to use their good offices in trying to end the civil He said one couse that had been under study involved approaching the four major powers on an equal while the other course placed emphasis on the and the Soviet Copyright by Timej GOP Urges Full Probe Of Acheson 8 UP Arthur and other leading Repub licans Saturday demanded a full investigation of Dean Acheson before the senate approves his nomination as the new secre tary of Though there appeared no im mediate threat to senate confir mation of George Mar shalls senators de manded full disclosures on these points Achesons attitude toward So viet Russia and the eastwest cold plus his viewpoint on state department officials consid ered by some critics as bad secur ity To Probe Firm His law firms connections with the Communist government of and Achesons personal relations with Alger and Donald who have been charged with membership in a prewar under cover Communist Chairman Tom Connally of the senate foreign rela t i on s immediately moved to comply with these re quests and tentatively planned public hearings for next Connally predicted that Acheson will be confirmed without much Karl Mundt former acting chairman of the house unAmerican activities com urged that Connally call former Communist Whittaker Chambers to testify on Achesons views about eliminating all rem nants of the Communist cells now known to have been operating in the Trumans Personal Choice Though interest on Capitol hill centered mainly in Achesons atti tude toward communism and Rus his appointment struck diplo matic quarters as a possible tipoff that Harry S Truman is de termined to play a more important role in foreign policy Both Truman and close friends of Acheson insisted the appointment will not mean a milder policy toward the Acheson was among the first to advocate a firm but patient atti tude toward chief Republican foreign policy de scribed Achesons selection as Trumans personal Van denberg thus confirmed reports that there was no advance consul tation on the appointment with congressional bipartisan foreign policy Explore Viewpoints Though lauding the 55yearold former undersecretary of state as a distinguished American with wide experience in the diplomatic Vandenberg said that I expect the senate foreign re lations committee will fully ex plore his viewpoints con siders the Mundt called for an inquiry into Achesons attitude on clearing out from the state department employes Mundt said are bad security He said in a statement that 134 employes were dismissed as bud security risks after Acheson left the department in Many of those discharged were hired during Achesons ten ure as Mundt Mundt asked Connally to call former assistant secretary of state Berle and former am i bassador to Poland Arthur Bliss I See Page Column 5 RAF Ordered to Retaliate If Jews Fly Over Egypt 8 planes and antiaircraft batteries shot down five British planes near the Egyptian Palestine border and R A P planes were ordered Saturday to attack any Israeli aircraft appearing over Egyptian As IsraeliBritish relations dipped to a critical the London government announced that it had sent special troops to a port in TransJordan just across the border from both Palestine and to forestall any threat of a Jewish attack on Attacks Unprovoked The British charged that the Israeli attacks on the RAF planes were unprovoked and occurred over Egyptian territory before the IsraelEgypt cease fire was to have begun at 2 7 EST More on BritishIsraeli page 10 The British representative on the United Nations security coun cil was instructed to lodge a strong protest with the Israeli representa tive at the The RAF planes were said to have been on recon naissance observing IsraeliEgyptian troop Amid changing and conflicting the Israelis had a different version of the aerial A military spokesman in Tel Aviv said a consensus of front line reports indicated that atleast three planes were shot down in incidents which were fought and ended over Israeli ter Pilots Captured Two of the British pilots were one slightly after they parachuted inside the spokesman Another Brit ish pilot was found dead in the charred wreckage of his plane near the Jewish colony nine miles inside A British officer in Cairo spoke of dog hinting that the RAF planes and the Israeli were in The Israeli spokesman also spoke of air battles and charged that some of the British planes strafed Israeli The Israeli spokesman in Tel Aviv said four of the five British planes shot down fell either in no mans the Mediterranean or in Egyptian The British said an R A F squadron leader was picked up by 15 miles inside Tried to Return But to the Israel the finding of the squadron leader 15 miles inside Egypt proved he tried to return to rode his plane down and still only managed to land just inside his Palestine Envoy Wont Relay Protest LAKE 8 UP Arthur Israeli rep resentative at the United Nations security refused Saturday night to transmit to his govern ment a sharp British protest against the shooting down of five British warplanes by Israeli fliers and antiaircraft Lourie said the protest was improperly ad A British spokesman said the delivered to Lourie in per son by British delegate Sir Terence Shone Saturday was strong and brief and con tained charges made earlier by the British foreign office that the at tacks were unprovoked and oc curred exclusively over Egyptian PRICES DOUBLE Reds Push On Into Tientsin 8 Delayed UP Progovernment reports said Saturday the Chinese communists had penetrated into several points well within the city limits be sieged Fighting was reported less than a half mile fromKiesslings famed The reds also were reported to have pene trated to a point between the citys cast and central Ten shells landed on Roosevelt one of the main thorough the reports The Tientsin city council ap pealed to both sides Jto halt the Headquarters of Fu the governments north China com reported that the reds Friday attacked Tientsin from the west and throwing more than one column into each A red column averages 000 Headquarters said more than reds were killed or Chinese casualty claimsusually are In prices of vege tables and other food doubled In the past 24 The black market exchange of the gold yuan plunged to a new to SI OJN THE IJNSIDE SECTION A 6 10 9 Local SECTION B SECTION C 112 Classified Advertising 1 to 7 Deaths 7 8 SECTION S to 5 Basketball 2 3 Fish and 4 5 Business 7 SECTION W to 16 HL 5 Washington 7 Logan g SECTION M 1 to 12 5 7 SECTION H to S Model PROGRESS EDITION Big 16 Tribune to Herald Giant Strides of An Empire In the word gold was the magic word of the 100 years the magic word has changed to prog It is the magic word which describes the development of the western United a develop ment which has tripled its tempo since the end of World War Throughout the four states of Nevada and Wyo geographers have chosen to call The Intermountain tremendous surge of in dustrial expansion has taken place and is taking place every Thus the new era has The wests economy has started to No longer is the wests economy based entirely on the The old west has given way and continues to give way to the new west a west based on a combined mineralragricul turalindustrial a west which will exceed all former ex pectations of development and ex Cognizant of the importance of The New West and the reasons underlying this amazing develop The Salt Lake Tribune next Sunday will devote its annual Empire edition to thia Four special each car rying a fullcolor will tell the story by word and is a modern history of Utah and the inter mountain west which will not only entertain and but also will be invaluable as a reference work for future Regular subscribers to The Salt Lake Tribune will receive the Empire edition with their Sunday morning Extra copies may be ordered now through Trib uneTelegram carriers at 25c per The Salt Lake Tribune will handle all details of mailing copies of the Empire edition anywhere in the Postage charges are 5c for United States lOc for and 30c for delivery to foreign Order also may be placed at the Home Serv ice Bureau desk in The Tribune Telegram 143