Monday, January 3, 1949

Salt Lake Tribune

Location: Salt Lake City, Utah

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - January 3, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS M Intermouatafai Network Station KALL Honda Thraagh Friday b WEATHER Partly cloudy and conj ttaued Details on Page 151 81 AFL Readies 30Hour Week Drive Action Pencls Signs Of Job Official Announces 2 UP American Federation of Labor will press for a 30hour work week to increase employ ment as soon as the signs of slowing a top AFL official said Daniel president of the Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and head of the AFLs workday said a union watchdog committee al ready is keeping a sharp eye on current economic Must Be Prepared We dont know how long pres ent employment will he But we must be prepared to move toward a shorter work week when the Marshall European Recovery plan and the rearma ment program are no longer suf ficient to carry us Tracy said the drive for a short er work week now is only in the preparedness Selling both labor and management on the idea will be a tremendous educational he While there have been some slackening in employment and some cutbacks in production re he said economic conditions generally are expected to remain good enough to delay the start of the real drive until the AFL convention next There have been a series of layoffs recently in the and other soft goods in The railroads also have been laying off men because of a drop in rail The ultimate goal of the AFL program is to maintain jobs and to stave off the kind of mass unemployment that resulted from the depression In the The watchdog Tracy is made up of the re search of the the workers and other The group will make its first eport at a meeting of the parent unions executive council in Miami on He laid the committee was au thorized by the AFLs 1948 con It is studying the possible impact on employment of any cut back in the European Recovery program or a cut in defense spend ing if peace should be restored to the To Boost Output In the committee is Weighing the probable effect on the job market of improved pro duction including time and motion incentive sys tems and similar proposals for boosting output per Tracy said the A F L is not op posed to these methods as long as they do not destroy the workers earning power and as long as the union has a voice in setting wage Ke said fears of some indus trialists that a shorter work week will leai to a drop in production The movement for a 10hour day before the Civil war and the campaign for an eighthour day when the AFL was born in 1882 actually created new markets and spurred the mechanization of in he The drive for a 30hour work Tracy very well may have the same beneficial effect and should guarantee a better dis tribution of the increasing pro duction stemming from mechani zation of 2 John Lewis said Sunday that labor wants in 1949 pensions and increased medical protection and hospitalization He listed also increased employ ment compensation as he spoke of labors demand for security se curity in the right to organize and bargain collectively security in 4 Little Tugs Float Queen 2 straining tugs refloated the liner Queen Mary Sunday after the worlds second largest passenger vessel had been stuck in the mud for 13 Her 1740 passengers spent a night after a gust of wind nudged ship onto a muddy Apparently the vessel received no material Once the Cunard White Star liner steamed slowly back to her home port of for a detailed examina Company officials said the Mary probably will not be able to proceed to New York before Mon day The ves must get a clearance certifi cate from insurance A French diver inspected the hull immediately after the Mary was He said the liners great driving screwi learned to be THE SALT LAKE January 1949 WITH SOUTH BLOC House Republicans Ponder Alliance 2 Republican leaders Sunday called a policy imddle to decide whether to team up with some southern Democrats Holiday in forcing a first day showdown of Truman administration strength in the new congress The fight will come in the house when the congress holds its first in the Democrats are in the majority again after two years of Republican At issue is whether the Democratic leadership can push through a change in house rules designed to clear the way for the legis lative program Harry S Truman plans to outline Wednesday Fu TsoTi Chiang or ders him home for a Li Chlshen ExChiangaid quits off to join Chiang Fights To Avert Split Peace 2 Chi nese government apparently was struggling Sunday to prevent its north China command from mak ing a separate peace with the Com Undercover political maneuvers were in progress on both aides of the threeyearold civil sides of the threeiyearold civil Fighting was almost nonexist as it has been for nearly two It was learned reliably that Gen eralissimo Chiang Kaishek had sent a new order to his northern Fu to come toNanking for Strong rumors from Peiping have had Fu seeking an inde pendent settlement with the Com munists who are besieging Invited to Nanking last week he did not on of bad flying he was reported sending a repre but no one showed Some other regional notablythose from the far west and also have not ar rived but still are Seek Local Peace Spencer corre spondent in reported there were strong indications that Nanking was everything possible to prevent a localized peaca in the He said that even Chiangs state ment urging a general settlement was partly aimed at holding Moosa much still was going on behind the scenes in the north expecta tions of a quick deal merely had been postponed from two or three days to two or three Reliable reports from Hong Kong said Marshal Li Chlshen had left his refuge in that British col ony and headed secretly for Com rmmist territory in the onetime cnlef of staff to Chiang is a violent op ponent of and has said he would be glad to head coali the nonCommunist Li Insisted that such a coalition include all Chinese in his state of the union message to a joint The change would trim the power the house rules commit tee in the Republicancon trolled 80th bottled up many of Trumans proposals by blocking their path to house Routine Opening Except for this the open ing day in house and senate gave promise of being Republicans a n d Democrats alike were split in their views on the rules Fortyeight Democrats opposed the proposal when it came up at a party caucus but it won approval of The 48 included southern Democrats who have opposed many of Trumans recom notably his civil rights Joseph Martin the minority said that whether we will fight or not will depend on house Republican steering committee action tomor row Martin is stepping down from the speakers chair in favor of Sam Rayburn D Halleck Republican floor leader in the 80th congress hinted possible support of Repub lican aid in the saying It seems to me that when you change the rules of the house to meet a matter of temporary poli tical it can develop into a dangerous Republican Minority A coalition of a united Repub lican minority with votes of some southern Democrats would be necessary to block the decision of most of the Democrats to go ahead with the Virginia Democrat has promised to fight are his it and declared there others dont feel bound by partys The rules committee decides when legislation should go to the floor after approval by other house Under present rules it is difficult to get a bill out of the rules unit for a vote ij its members decide they want to bottle up the To do ao requires the signa tures of 218 house members to force a bill to the Under the rules changes ap proved by the Democratic caucus chairmen of legislative commit tees could move to have the bill considered by the house 21 days after the rules group gets the legislation for Recognition Required in order to take that action the chairman would have to get recognition by who fn the new will be Rep It would be up to him whether to recognize a committee chairman for this purpose on the second and fourth Mondays of anv J reporter that the change involves a tremendous amount of power to much in the 81st congress Rayburn in the with Percy Priest of new assistant Democratic r thP If t aPProved said a vv f w U1 be a very good test of Trumans PRICE FIVE CENTS Junior and Senior Members of Senate The youngest member of the Russell SO gets word of advice from the Kenneth 79 The new congress opens session Marshall Plan Countries to Ask Billion 4950 Aid ed as it struck the Boeing Aircraft revetment hangar at King County airport on its attempted takeoff from an icy 10 Bodies Recovered King County Coronor John Brill said at 1 PST that six bodies had been removed from the still smouldering wreckage at that hour and that four more were visible in the burning Six others of the 30 persons aboard the illfated DC3 were not yet definitely accounted for may have been taken to hospitals other than the King county 3 The 19 governments participating in the European recovery pro gram ERP said Sunday they will need of Ameri can aid in the fiscal year July to June This is less than the cur rent fiscal The requests are included in a report published Sunday by the organization for European Eco nomic cooperation The report will be used by of ficials in asking congress for ad ditional Continued hard work and living standards below pre war levels for most of their people confront the 19 de spite anticipated American The report empnasized vast dif ferences in their Swit Sweden and for wer by but need ERP help to re DEATH ON JOB Holidays Toll Rises to 257 By ASSOCIATED PRESS The New Years week end brought death to at least 257 per sons through traffic and other violent A survey from 6 oclock New Years eve showed that 183 per sons lost their lives in highway mishaps and an additional 74 were killed in a variety of Deaths by states with traffic listed miscellaneous included Alabama 20 Arizona 33 Ar ansas 21 California 102 Colo rado 81 Connecticut 22 Florida Maine 01 Maryland 11 Massa chusetts 64 Michigan 73 Min nesota 44 Mississippi 12 Mis New York 70 North Carolina 51 Ohio 152 Oklahoma 80 Oregon o2 Pennsylvania 126 South Carolina 23 Tennessee 20 Texas 1210 Utah 1oV Virginia 50 Washington 22 West Virginia 30 Wisconsin 32 Flawdas Pits Blazin Already Fo th9 Guvnas Barbecue 2 aint like scrambling said an old hand Sunday as they started dayg in ready for the big Nothing like it has ever been seen before in the 13 tons of beef and pork that will be after the gubernatorial inauguration Guests will get their helpings in 48 lines Warren takes the governors The groundwork already has been Forty big pits have been dug under a borrowed circus tent to roast 100 hogs and 71 makings of big Great bonfires roar to provide coals to cook the meat More than 20 hours will be Forty convicts moved over from a road department camp to do the wood chopping They used shovels with 10foot The seasoning for the feat is a big item in gallons of 300 gallons of vinegar and 600 Ibs of salt Add to that 200 of black pepper and youll see although the food may be cool when itll stillbehot County Farm Agent Lloyd Khoden is chief Hes directing operations over a public address Vive their European Bel gium and Luxembourg have re covered completely and have high but need dollars to buy things available only in the United Greece is torn by civil Italy has almost unemployed Connally Sees ERP Vital to West z Tom in coming chairman of the senate foreign Sun day promised priority to new re covery and military aid for west ern He said also that he would ded icate his efforts as committee chairman to strengthening the bi partisan foreign policy approach which he and Sen Arthur Van retiring helped to The 71yearold be ginning his second tour in the key committee said it is absolutely essential that pol itics be kept out of the group which will pass on perhaps as much as in foreign aid programs this Connally believes that the most important task directly ahead is continuation for another 15 months of the Marshall plan European recovery now due to expire in Paul chief of the Economic Cooperation administra will be called before the com mittee within the next few weeks to outline future Marshall plan officials from Europe are en route here now to confer with Hoffman in drawing up a program for submission to Another must item facing the committeer Connally is out right military support of the western European nations which have banded together to resist Communist Negotiations have been under wayfor months for a At lantic Defense pact which would bind the United States and Canada in a mutual defense treaty with The Netherlands and Connally and Vandenberg have been in constant touch with the negotiations through acting of State Robert Lovett Connnally said once the nego tiations are he will press for quick senate action on the and on a program of American arms shipments to west ern Europe to implement the Hospital Reports Welles Gaining Former Undersecretary of State Welles was reported improved Sunday at Sumner slightly Casualtyhospital where he is re covering from frostbite and ex He suffered a heart attack while taking a night stroll near Oxon He was found near death from exposure the next while labor shortages plague other participating when their story is dis tilled into a 200page report there is they get enough dollars from the American About 5 more is ex pected to be available next meat consumption should rise and fats about That means more work from better fed More bread and tobacco will be available than before the but population has increased so there is less per The meat fat supplies will be smaller The report predicted more coal would be available than this with consumption above Truman To Broaden Reforms 2 UP Harry S Truman is expected to ask the new Democraticsteered congress for one of the broadest social and economic programs ever advanced in On the basis of past requests to congress and his campaign he reasonably could be expected to include the following requests in his stateoftheunion on Wednesday High ra tioning and controls for use only if Truman last August asked the extra scs sion of congress for such club in the closet Need More Revenue corporation taxes or an excess profits There is an outside chance he may ask higher individual taxes on big in Tax boosts are out for small wage passage of the TaftEllenderWagner housing including its controversial public housing and slum clearance pro defense force suf ficient to protect this countrys interests both at home and Truman is said to still favor univedsal military But he will not press for it was until next Repeal TaftHartley of TaftHartlcy labor management law ment of new legislation guar anteeing unions certain but strikes He also is expected to urge congress to strengthen the labor in the Re publicansponsored flexible farm price support Tru man is not expected to suggest specific changes at this He possibly will ask for the Commod ity Credit to build grain storage Rent of the present perhaps with a rec ommendation to give the govern ment power to press charges against landlords who violate the Civil of his controversial civil rights including fair employment prac antilynching and anUpoll tax Foreign aid Continuation of the European recovery program on a financial lever which will guarantee success of the Specific dollar figures will be in See Page Column S outlawing jurisdictional and secondary 16 Feared Dead As Transport Burns in Seattle 14 of 27 Yale Collegians Safe After DC3 Crash Combined INS and AF 3 of 27 homeward bound Yale university students and three crew members were presumed dead early Monday when their chartered DG3 plane crashed and burned at Sunday night Seattles Boeing Police said they had pulled only 13 injured froin the wreck Twentyseven passengers were believed to have been aboard the en route to New with holidaying stu dents from the Pacific Most of those pulled from the flaming wreck were rescued by alert ground crewmen of United Airlines at the The big plane reportedly explod 2 UP Simon Dutch chartered from army commander in an nounced Sunday nieht that mill f the tary action in Jafa came to an for its flight east when the tragedy end but that suppression The wreckage was still Seattle Air Cargo was 31 Dutch Claim JayaPeace Now Reality of disturbing elements would He said all hostilities ended with the 31 Spoors announcement came a complete surprise to correspond here since as late as 10 Sunday Dutch army headquarters claimed to Have no knowledge of any ceasefire No explanation was offered as to why ceasefire order was not made public on the day it was ordered into Told Security Council The Dutch government In formed the security council in Paris last week thatit would cease military action in Java at but that the campaign in Sumatra might con tinue for two or three days Dutch said Dutch troops were continu ing their pressure against repub lican forces along the west coast of The communique said Dutch troops occupied Pakan a river 125 miles north west of and cleared all republican troops from the Spoors issued to all Dutch field commanders in said the task of the Dutch army in Java was not limited to opera against roaming or individuals trying to cause Includes This presumably In donesian guerilla warfare against the Twice during the last the Indonesian radio urged republican forces to carry on guerilla actions against the despite Dutch occupation of all the principal Spoors order said the Dutch army would act against disturb ing elements who either individ ually or collectively endanger pub lic security or interfere with or prevent the supply of food and other essential commodities to the suffering our the security I order burning an hour after the crash at 10 Lynn airport em said he was standing nearby when the plane took It made a fairly long Brown pulled up but was not much over 10 It looked like the wheels were up and the plane under full The left wing seemed to be lower and seemed to hit the It swerved to the left and crashed fullspeed into the revet It exploded Brown said he rushed to the scene and helped three men out the left side of Hejsaid the fuselage slipped and he saw some men escape from the other Survivor Telia Story One Anderson of Spokane who escaped with minor injuries gave this version I was about midway on the right side of the plane when it My belt was I dont know what happened All I know is that I Some of those around me got out I dont know how It seemed that those near me on my side of the plane got But some of those on the other side didnt make In the confusion there were sev eral versions of the accident and the number of Seventeenyearold Robert a high school student was parked near the said he went to the crash as soon as he saw the plane Twelve persons had gotten out alive Rua I guess they were Any they had gotten out of the though some of them were badly Near the Plane Francis Jones and John Kos telnik were working on a Boeing stratocruiser near the place where the plane Jones said he and Kostelnik ran to the Kostelnik jumped into the tarry out me casK witnm burning plane while flames s stated limits in a strict way were already spreading back to and with ereat the tail from the He handed several people through the I J c door to The last man we saw resident Sail representative on council has put and any troops under your com to carry out the task within its stated limits in a sti and with great get off the plane was wearing 2 headphones Ind may have been Harry Truman was back the rartio nnprafn at Blair house Sunday night after a week end yacht trip on the the radio The state patrol reported as e en yac trp on the having dif ficulties routingtraffic Potomac He took along staff away from the The field is members to help work on his mes on the main coast highway sage to congress to be given See Page Column 2 Republican Leaders Ready To Trim Chairmans Sails 2 move to check the authority of Chairman Hugh Scott was reported brewing Sunday among Republican national committee A leading Republican who asked that his name not be used told a reporter there ia discussion of setting up an executive committee with a chairman who could keep close tabs on what Scott is doing and help run the GOP Scott announced recently that he will name an executive commit In a New Year letter to an esti mated party leaders throughout the Scott said an executive group would be named before or at the time of a GOP national committee meeting in 26 and Scotts made public Sun did not make clear whether he intends to name an executive committee personally or suggest the makeup of such a group to the national committee for Scott said the national commit possibly with the aid of such an executive would de cide whether a GOP party pro gram and policy conference will held in This proposal defin itely will be put to the he might en trust some details to the executive committee mem bers contend that national has no authority to pick the executive They say the committee must elect the at the Omaha I The turn of events Indicated brewing battle to uproot Republi can party leadership may be shifted from a direct attack on Scott to an oblique awault on