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Salt Lake Tribune Newspaper Archive: June 9, 1944 - Page 1

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   Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - June 9, 1944, Salt Lake City, Utah                                Torlay DonI Miss Walter Lippmann who declares that an honorable peace for the German nation depends on whether the people of the reich are ready to abandon militarism On the editorial page Fridays Wcalher Utah Cloudy showers cooler Idaho Scattered showers pr Wyoming Showers and thunder showers Nevada Show ers northeast otherwise fair De tails on page 21 Vol 149 No 56 Salt Lake City Utah Friday Morning June 9 1944 Genti Allies Extend Normandy Hold Union Raps Laxity in Wards Case USDo Nothing Attitude Held Walkout Threat By Associated Press WASHINGTON June 8 A union official accused the gov ernment Thursday of a do noth ing attitude in the Montgomery Ward labor dispute and de clared that the threat of a new strike is in the air as result Samuel Wolchok president of the International Retail and Wholesale Workers testi fied at hearings of the house com mittee investigating the govern ments seizure last April of Wards Chicago plant When the government seized the plant it did nothing to enforce the wnr labor board directive for restoration of the provisions of the contract he said Old Nothing On top of that it did nothing to the company from continuing labor practices under the very nose of the governments oc rupnncy The company Intensified its reign of terror during the pe riod the government was nominally in control Twentytwo workers lost their jobs while an American Allies Caution Boats in New Invasion Area LONDON June 8 UP Allied high command broad casts warned Atlantic shore peoples from France to Nor way Thursday not to fish in their coastal waters for one week beginning Thursday so they will not hinder opera tions of the allied forces The broadcasts issued by the political warfare division of the supreme headquarters allied expeditionary force said The supreme allied commander requires that all fishing should cease in these waters for a period of seven days beginning at 9 p m Thursday June 8 1 p m mountain war time and ex tending until 9 p m Thurs day June 15 Therefore fish ermen now in port must re main there Those at sea must return to port imme diately Follow this order strictly and quickly Failure to do so may be fatal to yourselves and will hinder the operations of the allied forces Clark Seizes Town Port North of Rome Advances 26 Miles In Pursuit of Disorganized Nazis flag was flying Wards over Montgomery Wolchok noted that the WLB has ordered Wards to con tinue provisions of an expired union contract ponding negotia tion of a new one but asserted there was no assurance it would be done Questioned by Representative Elston Ohio Wolchok said the company had shifted a consid erable portion of its business from Chicago to other establishments after the seizure and commented Do you think were going to stand for that We are going to have another strike Explaining this further Wol chok said that the shift of business meant a reduction in employment in the Chicago branch The government seized the Chi cago plant after the company re fused to comply with an earlier WLB order The management contended then that there was no assurance the union represented a majority of employes When a col lective bargaining election was held the government returned the plant to management control The union won the election What do you think the workers ought to do Wolchok shouted What do you think they will do Blames President Let me tell you something If President Roosevelt had not or dered the workers back to the job in that plant wed have a contract today Wolchok and James B Carye secretarytreasurer of the CIO declared that the company and Board Chairman Sewell Avery have sought to destroy collective bargaining efforts TightingFirsf Leads Army Of Invasion T W E N T YFIR S T ARMY GROUP HEADQUARTERS Fri day June 9 UP The United States First infantry division and the British Fiftieth Northumbrian division spearheaded the Invasion of France it was announced offi cially Friday Both divisions won renown in north Africa and Sicily and it was reported that they had made ex cellent progress from the landing beaches in Normandy The Fighting First division was the first American division into action in France in World War I Because the airborne troops S Casualties Hit 217131 Up to Invasion war with no ac counting yet of losses in the European coast landings has cost the United States 217ini cniunHioa War and navy dcpnrtmnnt reports Thursday gave the army casualties as 171358 the navys as 15773 This is an increase of 10215 in the last two weeks The total in cludes 48754 dead and 81 032 wounded On the basis of casualty reports in the past it is not expected that losses in the battle of invasion will begin to be reflected in total re ports for perhaps a fort night American forces lost 2379 casualties in three days of 27 to 30 in Italy Stimson said This was at a time when a break through of the nazi line south of Rome was being executed The campaign in Italy from the landings on the mainland last September to May 30 has resulted in 57 529 casualties including 9964 killed and 38554 wounded landed a few hours before the amphibious forces it was not known exactly whether an Ameri can airborne division was first into battle in France in this war but at least the First division which General Pershing once cited as never broken by hardship or battle was not far behind Third Beach Landing Made up of regular army men the First division made its third France the hard way France the hard way It first spearheaded the attack an Ornn captured it in throe days and then moved on into Tunisia where in the winter of 19421943 it was broken up and fought as separate units in mountain sec tors Lieutenant General George S Patton Jr reformed the division with Major General Terry Allen born at Fort Douglas Utah and Brigadier General Theodore Roose velt as commanding officers for the big attack on Gafsa in south ern Tunisia and the later battle of El Guetar where the First fought in the front line for 22 days without relief Fought in Sicily The First was given the task of smashing into Gela in Sicily and defeated the Hermann Goering di vision in a beach battle which saw the Americans with backs to the sea firing over open sights at nazi tanks The division also fought in the buttle rtf Trolna which has been loHcrlbed aw the toughest of the Sicilian campaign The divisions motto is No mission too sacrifice too great Duty first Allies Official By Associated Press ROME June lightning drives of as much as 26 miles in 24 hours the allied Fifth army Thurs day captured Civita Castellana 32 miles north of Rome after other swift armored units had pounded through Civitavecchia important seaport 38 miles northwest of the Italian capital Only the slightest resistance was being encountered by Lieutenant General Mark W Clarks troops as they pressed after the reeling Ger man Fourteenth army which an allied spokesman declared had been reduced to battered rem nants There yet was no indication where the disorganized enemy would attempt to halt the allied atonmrollor CIvlta Castellana is the Junction of three main highways and two electric railways Light reconnais sance units entered the town early in the evening Civitavecchia is a city of 30000 population with docks that will be of value to the pursuing allied forces A third Fifth army column drove into Bracciano ancient iron smelting center 19 miles northwest of Rome near Lake Bracciano and also threw an arm around the east ern side of the lake Secretary of War Stimson re ported that American forces suf fered 2379 casualties in the fierce threeday battle preceding the capture of RomeTotal U S cas ualties from the landing at Salerno last September to May 30 were placed at 57529 Captured in the swift thrust northward was the former head quarters of the nazi commander Field Marshal Albert Kesselring The elaborate tunneled under ground stronghold was situated about three miles southeast of Civita Castellana An allied spokesman declared that the battered remnants of the German Fourteenth army are in a considerable state of disorganiza tion and disclosed that upwards of 40 enemy units were repre sented among prisoners captured since Rome fell Both the enemy Tenth and Four Contlnuerl on Pnsc Two Column Six Nazis Say Allies Seek to Isolate Cherbourg I FRANCE Open arrows Indicate German version of allied beachhead based largely on enemy Infornm strategy to cut off the Cherbourg peninsula Black arrows locate Germanreported allied thrusts Shaded area Is approximate allied tion Shaded circle north of Carcntan roughly indicates position of an allied airsupported force reported by Germans Allies Set Up Plane Bases in France Complete 27000 Sorties Since DDay Develop Threat To Cherbourg In Heavy Battle Single Division Takes 1000 Nazis Canadians Free Dozen Towns Bayeux Conquerors Driving Inland Texts of latest official communiques on page four Allies Associated Press By Wcs Gallagher SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE Friday June allies were thrusting ahead along the whole expanding Normandy battlefront Friday developing their threat to cut off the Cherbourg peninsula in heavy close quarters fighting against Jresh German tactical reserves whose advent brought the invasio into its second phase A single allied division was credited by headquarters with having taken more than 1000 nazis prisoner since the European fortress was breached Tuesday while it wns disclosed that the Canadian infantry and armor had taken 600 prisoners and freed Allies Official By United Press SUPREME ALLIED As American and British heavy tmand had not yet thrown its long HEAD FDR Regains Full Health WASHINGTON June S UP President Roosevelts physical condition was removed as a prob able factor in his 1941 political plans Thursday when his personal physician Vice Admiral Ross T Mclntire reported unqualifiedly that the chief executive is in ex cellent health Mr Roosevelt recently under went a thorough examination at the navy medical center after a winter siege of influenza sinus and bronchitis His political oppo nents had suggested that his health was such that he could not with stand the rigors of a fourthterm campaign or if elected another term Mclntire said the president is now in better physical condition than the average man of his age His general physical condition is excellent and I can aay that unqualifiedly in nil rospccts ho finld adding that Mr Roosevelts recent spring vacation in South Carolina gained everything we hoped to and he is in better health than he has been in a year QUARTERS London June 8 Allied air forces have established at least one air base and probably more in the French invasion zone it was disclosed Thursday night as headquarters announced 27000 individual air missions were car ried out between dawn on DDay and midday Thursday The speedy establishment of front line air bases was an im portant tactical victory represent ing a gigantic 100mile stride for ward for allied air power and giving fighters covering troops a consequent expansion in range As massive air greater than those of hammered nazi strongpoints transport and troop concentrations within a 150mile radius of the beachheads invasion communique No 6 announced that 176 enemy aircraft had been destroyed be tween dawn June 6 and noon Thursday In the same period 280 allied aircraft were destroyed The en emy effort is yet on a limited scale but some opposition from flak has been encountered the communi que said It was not immediately disclosed whether troops had captured en emy coastal airfields or laid down temporary steel mat landing strips It was announced however that U S Ninth air force troop car rier planes were landing and tak ing off on supply and casualty evacuation missions and medium bombers also were known to have landed bombers pounded the great rail junctions of northwestern France and of the Paris area other heavy medium light and fighterbombers were making alt of the nazis 25 first line airdromes within a 150 mile radius of Bayeux and Caen untenable At least six nazi airfields were attacked by heavy and medium bombers Thursday Meanwhile the nazi high corn hoarded fighter reserves into the battle for Normandy Up to mid afternoon luftwaffe oppostyifin was scattered and tne nazi air arm was unable to wrest even momentary superiority in any lo cality The luftwaffe had already lost 48 planes by 7 p m and an addi tional 21 aground Wednesday at Continued on PRRC Two Column One French Shout On to Paris9 As Allies Capture Bayeux handtohand fig Farley Resigns Democratic Post Channel Calms After Nearly Causing Invasion Disaster LONDON June 8 blustnessed the invasion from a PT tery channel weather which de layed the western invasion 24 hours and at one time nearly caused an allied disaster began clearing during this third day of assault easing the task of troops unloading from light wavekicked landing craft Improvement of the weather ex tended deep inland over the con tinent and allied airmen were able to cast their heaviest bomb ton nage upon the enemy since the first of them retch ing and ashore on the Normandy coast under a chill overcast sky The writer of this dispatch wit boat It strait was much warmer in the the sun shone for long periods and the seas moderated somewhat after forcing a sus pension of unloadlngs at times Wednesday along the invasion beaches The thermometer regis tered 68 in midafternoon and vis ibility lifted to three or four miles Although the channel was con siderably quieter than on DDay its ruffled waters and always treacherous tides and currents still were far from ideal for the in Continued on Papc Seven Column One NEW YORK June 8 UP James A Farley who directed Franklin D Roosevelts successful campaign for president in 1932 and broke with his chief over the third term IHSUC four yearn ago resigned Thursday JIH New York Htntc Democratic chairman bowing out of politics almost on the eve of a national convention which was expected to nominate Mr Roose velt for a fourth term In a formal statement issued at a press conference he said that Mj business duties and obliga tions are such that he could not devote the necessary time as state chairman to the forthcoming na tional campaign Asked whether he would con tinue in politics he replied that It is only natural for a fellow who has always been a Democrat to be interested in the success of the Democratic party He added that he would be at the Democratic national conven tion in Chicago July 19 as a dele gate but declined to discuss what action he would take at the con vention Farley said that he was resign ing reluctantly and with a feeling of deep regret because it means the severance of a close persona relationship with state party members and workers but that he had no choice in the matter By Richard P McMillan BAYEUXAN ALLIED FRONT LINE Normandy June 7 De layed UP Allied troops streamed into this historic town at noon Wednesday the first city of France to be freed from the Germans and its people went wild with joy crying On to Paris I entered Bayeux with the allied vanguard after touring the front where British and German dead lay in the sunlight beside the roads while peasants of Normandy only a few hundred yards away tended their sheep and cattle in the poppyspeckled fields Today I saw the people of Bayeux running through the streets throwing flowers into the path of the victorious troops and laughing and crying with joy while allied artillery providing a grim backdrop hammered the enemy beyond the city The people danced in the streets they clutched eagerly at the troops they tucked roses carna tions and violets in the helmets of every passing Yank Tommy and Canadian Cafes threw open their doors and pianists pounded out oldtime war tunes Countless toasts were drunk to the entente cordiale All those pessimists who thought all the wlncs nf Franco would br drunk by the Germans HO that none would be left for us are wrong I know the overjoyed people brought out choice red and white vintages which they had hidden in their cellars drinking the toast Long live the allies death to the boches Along the country lanes I saw lines of German prisoners looking subdued It was a scene of war and peace through which I passed in a jeep driving into the interior along part of the front line and then back to our coastal base There was the havoc wrought by the terrific allied air and naval bombardment which opened the gates to the allied armies Some of the villages were entirely de serted in others a few civilians remained and these rushed out yelling joyously This is the day for which we have waited In one village Madame Andre Nicholas exclaimed to me Oh The Gemans were really wicked They took everything we had Recently Rommel came to this village on a visit to the Ger man coast defenses The nazis turned out in force Rommel told them these positions are impreg nable We knew he was lying because most of tho German troops told us frankly the British and Amer icans now nrt loo strong for us But well fight on nevertheless until Uie last man a dozen towns as they advanced rapidly southward through wood lands and farms between Caen and the captured town of Bayeux often in housetohouse combat Fierce Tank Battle A fierce tank battle has been raging for 24 hours near Bayeux a correspondent with the Canadian forces reported in a front line dis patch dated Thursday The Germans strengthened by parachutists arc putting up fierce desperate hgvhas taken place in several wooded areas he said adding that the Germans are clinging tenaciously to Caen using that city as a pivot of fierce counterthrusts to test the strength of our lines Caen nine miles south of the Seine bay on the Orne river was the center of bitter and protracted battle against strong German de fenses but the nazis themselves ac knowledged that the allies were in side the city and had pushed five miles south and west of Bayeux which is five miles from the coast In general however the allied command kept mum on exact loca tions An allied communique issued shortly before last midnight said the are on the west flank of the invasion gradually enlarged their beach heads during Thursday and that the British and Canadians were making steady progress Slowed Advance The enemy is fighting fiercely the communique said His re serves have now been in action along the whole front At least two German tank divi sions have been identified in battle It was disclosed early Friday that with better weather the allied invasion schedule had regained most of the nearly 24 hours it was thrown off in the movement of supplies and reinforcements from England in the first two foul days It was indicated that the first forces ashore Tuesday could have pushed ahead more rapidly than they did but General Dwight D Eisenhowers supreme command decided it was wiser to slow the advance somewhat Tuesday and Wednesday while awaiting more adequate strength rather than make a temporarily spectacular pain and risk having the spear heads nipped off Now with improving weathor Continued mi VHRC Two Three Europe War Situation At a Glance By Associated Press WESTERN FRONT enemy counterattacks were re pulsed and beachhead expansion continues though UM serves along whole front Enemy reports 20 allied in action and Cherbourg men aced by pincers of Bayeux press inland heavy fighting rages at Caen Swiss dispatch reports state of siege at flaming Rouen Allied air craft fly 27000 sorties in first 54 hours destroy 176 enemy planes lose 289Churchill Stimson caution against overconfidence Single allied division is cred ited with capture of more than 1000 Germans Improving weather helps supply and rein forcement ITALIAN FRONT Fifth army captures Civita Castellana Bracciano and port of Civita vecchia in lightning drives above Rome Eighth army seizes Monterotondo and four villages northeast of capitalAllied spokesman reports fleeing Ger man Fourteenth army reduced to battered remnants Amer ican casualties in threeday bat tle for Rome 2379 RUSSIAN spokesman says powerful Rus sian tank forces have launched offensive north of lasi but the soviet communique announces no essential changes Mos cow dispatch however declares Russian infantry soon will march across German land Generation Displays and Glory War Flashes LONDON Friday June 9 UP The Moscow radio said Friday that the Germans were disman tling major factories in northern France and shipping the ma chinery to Germany James C McGlincy LONDON June 8 poppies were blomming Thurs day in the fields of Normandy and front dispatches told of the guts and glory of a new genera tion of unknown who went down fighting just as their fathers did in Flanders fields There was tho commando who stormed a pillbox on the beach He was halfway to it when machinegun fire sent him spin ning until he had crashed right into the door of the pillbox despite a half dozen guns all fir ing at him While he ran he yelled Come on mates When his mates got there they found 50 wounds on him and a German pillbox crew ready to surrender And there was that American signal corps officer a pho tographer and just a kid really They carried him off the beach and across the chanel to a field hospital His left foot had been blown off and there were wounds in his arm and thigh But as he was hoisted to the operating table he said Please Doc Ive got some film in my camera and its important Please call headquarters Weakly he dic tated the number There was the British marine who pitched in the sand with a bullet in him The doctor leaned over him and said Were going to take you back to Mighty old man The marine growled I want to stay I dont want to go And then there was the Eighth air force Liberator which glided back all the way from its target in France with four engines knocked out by flak the pilot dead and five crew members wounded The copilot Earl Car per of Chicago flew the ship guided by a full colonel com mand pilot who was flying as an observer The colonel himself couldnt take the controls because his foot had been blown off The colonel waited until everyone else had bailed out just off the English coast and then ditched the ship He swam until a rescue ship picked him up The colonels name wasnt available He was just another of those unknown soldiers United im niiKlN proclaimed of slope In Mm French rlty of Rouen less thnn 50 southeast of Lc Havre Paul Archinard NBC reporter ra dioed from Bern Thursday night LONDON Friday June 9 LT The Berlin radio jn a wholly unconfirmed report said Friday night that an American cruiser had been sunk off the east coast of the Cherbourg peninsula by German motor torpedo boats ALLIED SUPREJtfE HEAD QUARTERS LONDON Friday June 0 UP Late Thursday night the allies were within hours perhaps minutes of cap luring Caen an official observer cabled from the front Friday NEW YORK June 8 Field Marshal Erwin Rom mel has moved his headquarters to Chateaubourg 11 miles southeast of Rennes and 160 miles west of Paris the under ground German radio station Atlantic reported Thursday In a broadcast heard by NBC   

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