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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - December 7, 1890, Salt Lake City, Utah 3 DAILY TBIBUlSrE SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SUNDAY MOKNIKG DECEMBER 7 1890 TO CLOSE OUT OUR STOCK OF IN ORDER TO DO SO RRK Has CUT THE PRICES way lelow to what they will be worth in the middle of the Summer Never before have we been so determined to close out any particular line of goods WE BEGIN THIS SALE ON Monday December 8th and Will Continue for the Entire Week Onr stock of CLOAKS is by far the CHOICEST in this city and the very finest garments in the house Lave been REDUCED as well as the cheapest We WllllJJiy JHJU UAJlJO UJLvr JJLO t Childrens and Misses I Childrens and Misses Cii i Id roiis aud Missus Childrens and Mi ais Childrens aud Missus Ladies Lad NowrnarkotH s La dies Ladies Nowmarkots Lai 1 i OH J ic ke ts S Ladies Jackets Ladies Jackets Ladies Jackets J Ladies Jackets Cloaks Cloaks Cloaks Price v Price A 0 g X to 00 0 to 0 X i to 20 CO 0 to y to GO 00 X 0 I to y X to 0 to 9 to A viV Price For Price 50 00 00 tnat GENTS SMOKING JACKETS VTX J 1 Y Present Price Former o Gents Sniokinp S V Gents Smoking A Genis1 Smoking lacko s 900 0 Smoking Jackets nice 12 CO A Gents Smoking Jackets extra iiice 13 75 A Gents Smoking Jackets very ft Gents Smoking JatktMS x Cents Smoking Jackets tho very linest S Gouts1 Bvh Kobos 5 0 jj ft X j Q X V j Cloaks Plush Cloaks Plufh TCmbroidcred Wraps i Astrakhan Capes Astrakhan Capes and Fur Sets Plush and Astrakhan Capes Fur and Wool Combination Novelty Seal and Monkey Combination Capes The very best Boavor 6 25 0 00 00 very best Sealskin White Thibet Boa aid Muff to match The very Fox Boa Muff to match The very best Polar Hear Boa We kav e Muffs of all kinds in endless variety are aim ost giving remits Kifli 17nhes i 0 Qonis h i Gents Bath Robes rf f Tl n tills sale Bear in mind tluit we have but ONE PKICE and sell for CASH ONLY S KELJLNER 2OB2O7 MAIN THE BEEP VALLEY OF DEATH Purposes of the Government in Inves tigating Its Horrors THE EXPLORATION TO BEGIN THIS WEEK What Itls Proposed to Accomplish Some Description of Death Valley unfl Its NoinhborhoodCatclniitf IJirtSK IVtuiamalH and Plenty oiCorpses lKSrojrRKNCK WASHINGTON Doc 4 1SOO of Long before a vvhito man ovor looked upon tho direful spot the Indians of California auii Nevada knew It by that ninno Of tho exploring expedition which tho UuiUxl Govornrnont is about to scud lliithor soino notice has boon given briolly in the newspapers It ought to bo of interest to loam just what tho purposes of this exploration arc aud tho niannor in which it is to be conducted Olio point worth mentioning to Login with is that it will bo made by tho bust biological party that tsvor started out upon a scientific enterprise including an unpunUleled number of distinguished exports in ornithology mammalogy botany entomology aud so forth Before going any further it may be as well to give some general description of the extraordinary region which those men are about to investigate From the mountains to the Sierra Nevada extends a region of ghastly dusert nearly all of Its area in tho State of California ihough tho oast it roaches ovor tho Mm into Nevada This frightful waste is tntersocted by a scries of high mountain ranges running parallel north and south with valleys between A birdseyo viow of the land scape shows three principal Jnyo and Argus mountains forming the most westerly one tho Panunint being the nexd range to the oust and the Amargosu the third still more easterly Kast of the Amargosa range is tho Amurgosa desert and between tho Amargosa and tho iaraiulut ranges is is known as Death so called bocuuso of death and despair it is the very abode tho like of which is not u bo found elsewhere in tho world THK Itnagino a narrow strip of arid plain ihut in between two mighty mountain vails the peaks stretching up foot Into the burning sky So pre cipitous are these rocky barriers that in a journey of fourteen miles you puss an omhioiico of throu miles above sealovol to the plain 175 foot bulow the ocoan tidomarlc The surface of this plain is composed of salt aud alkali and it is impossible to go over it on horse back because it is a mere crust through which1 the animal you ride breaks up to Us kueos into a thick alkali pasio which oats both hair and hide Thorn are paths by which ono may make ones way across if one knows whore to tind vvator on the opposite side There is something unearthly about tho whole appearance of things In tho two vanges of gigantic peaks that hem it in bet ween them looking liko the backbone of a couple of mon strous beasts and a gray that Mover lifts making everything indistinct to the view No vegetation is to be seen save i very scanty sagobrush with leaves that are not green but gray with here aud there a tali cactus which looks in the night like adend man stiuid idg erect with arms ox tended Kul the supreme horror of tho place is the heat unspeakable There is a breeze which instead of being cool Is so scorching hot as to blister your face Into this natural furnace tho sun pours its rays with never u cloud interrupting from one years end to another When tho famous geologist Profossor Gilbert succeeded in crossing tho valley nearly twentyyears ago barely escaping death from thirsi oUo thermometer inside his saddlebag went up to 130 degrees and then burst A suggestive feature of tho Death Valley lanusoapo is tho color of tho mountain rocks which arc actually sun burnt to an ironbrown line Chip oil a little IIako and you find the stone of natural lighter huo underneath mountainsprings down but never reachitbecause the dries Uioru up on the Ouco in a groat while thoio is a lUuuoiifious storm iu tiie desert to tho eastward and a river a mile in width flows irom tho closort around the south end of tho Amargosa range and northward through tho valley Does it How out again at tho other end Not much it is dried up and lost bo foro it gets that far TIIK MOST HOUJUllUfi SPOT Such is tho Valley of simply tho most horrible spot in that groat region of despair Tho object of tho in exploring it Is simply to learn what kinds of animals live there This enterprise is part of a groat work which tho Department of Agriculture has boon for some time carrying on tho purpose of which is to map out the whole United States into what aro called faunal For example suppose it is determined what are precisely tho limits of tho area occupied by tho jackass rabbit When that much is known it must necessarily be truo that any plant which thrives in ono part of that area will do well in any other part Thero is such an intimate relation between animal life aud plant life in this world that having found out the various aroas inhabited by different birds and animals you have learned just where each form of vegetable growth can be produced to advantage When the Government has completed this im portant task the farmorsof tho country will have placed befnro thorn maps out lining with tho closest accuracy the regions within which oach kind of vegetable or fruit is susceptible of profitable cultivation Thus tlio agri whorevor ho may bo located will know with certainty what ho ought to plant tho work of outlining the areas occupied by tho animals of the United States will not bo complete un til tho fauna of every part of tho coun try oven of tho highest mountains and most hopeluss deserts havo boon in vustigated Last year an expedition was sent out to tho astonishing San Fran cisco mountain which uplifts its gigantic peak three miles High from tho burning plains of Arizona its top covered with snows Ascend ing its rocky precipices the explorers passed from a semitropical arctic eMmrt just as they would havo done if they had traveled northward a few milos Each zone had its own vegetation and forms of animal life suitable to the tomporaturo Tho same party that visited this mountain also explored tho famous Painted Desert near by which gets its name from tho fact that the queer looking hills scattered all ovor tho plain whom tho sea which onco was thero has washed their sides away aro of all the colors of tho rainbow witlrheaps of fossil wood on their sum mils THE MAN IN C1TAKGE Tho man who conducted thoso explo rations will likewise havo charge of tho Death Valley expedition Ho is Dr C Hart chief of the Division of Mammalogy in tho Department of Agri culture With him will be Dr Vonion llayluy who ranks as the bosti collector of mammals in tho world Also in parly will bo tho eminent naturalist Prof T S Palmer likewise Dr A K Fisher Assistant Ornithologist of tho Department V Covillo Assistant Botanist E W Nelson a wellknown naturalist and topographer and Prof Stephens a distinguished expert in man malogy and desort work There will also bo two or throe other assistants with tho party which will necessarily bo accompanied by ia small corps of mulepackers and other servants At tho beginning tho expedition will bo divided into two parties Ono of thoso is IIOAV at Owens Lako in Califor nia on tho point of starting out It is under the command of Vernon Bayloy and will begin work at tho foot of tho Jnyo rangO to tho west of which Owens Lako is Ray loy will not go far however until joined by Palmer with the other party Palmer will leave Washington within loss than a week with instruc tions to take charge of tho entire ex pedition until Dr Mentarn goes out to tho scono of operations early in March Upon leaving here Palmer will go Straight to Bernardino California whoro ho will outfit with a sixmule team pack animals and supplies Fisher Ccville and Stephens will accom pany himkelson is at Owens Lake with When Merriam ho will beaccompanied by an expert from the Entomological Divisionto up The two parties will nieet at a sinall mining village in tne Paramin t range and work will then be gin in earnest tiie manner of its prose cution being thus Each party will havea it wi 11 utillzo as a base of leasing it in a spot wheie there and making of a few days oach with packmules to carry the bag cago and piovisions For convenience in this method of piocodnie tho ex pedition will naturally divide Itself up into halfadozen little parties a natu ralist a packer and a mule or bnrro making avery effective working gang Tho amount ono mulo can carry is sim ply astonishing but men havo to bo specially hired for their cxportness in tlio art of packing To throw tho diamondhitch is the main requirement With tho assistance of this extraordinary knot properly tied a mnlo can easily got along all clay over rouglr country with such a load as two 150pound sacks of sowbelly pork one sack of flour a chest of drawers for specimens a tank of alcohol a couple of beds and etcet eras The iirst thing done will bo to locate all tho places whoro water is to bo found Hundreds of people havo lost their lives in Death Valley through starting off in the morning without knowing where they worn going to find water at night There will be as that indulged in by tho expedition With every precaution sufticiontamount of suffering will of necessity havo to bo un dergone Water is tho great desider atum in that horrible placo where the air is much drier than that of the Sahara and tho hoat so groat as to put the body through a sort of evaporating process such as that to which a dried apple is artificially subjected So rapid is this evaporation of tho bodily moisture that throe gallons of water a day are abso lutely necessary for each individual in stead of the throe pints ono ordinarily consumes If ono wore to sit downin tlio dosort all day long and do nothing but drink he would still feel thirsty Even with a supply of throe gallons a day tho blood of tho traveler across becomes thickened the features grow thin and peaked dreadful constipation sots in and fever threatens madness In tho valley ono cannot vory well carry with him more than enough water for one days supply way to do is over and try to roach tho other about fifteen milos one suc cumbs for want of drink know precisely in which of tho gorges of the mountains springs aro to bo found it is well enough but if you are not certain on this point you aro likely to become so exhausted after traveling up to the heads of one or two gorges fruitlessly as to lind nothing better to do than to lie down and die the most horrible of cloaths You will not need burial for your body will not decay but will simply bo shrivelod up to a mummy and lie thoro in tho Valley of Death to all eternity imperishable staring up at tho burninff sky Here and there all over tho awful plain of salt and alkali are scattered tho dried bodies of men and animals preserved for all ages to come During tho mining fever in that neigh borhood from 1872 to 1878 hundreds of pooplo wore lost in trying to got across You may havo hoard of an alkali That is what Death Valley is As has been said tho plain of the valley is be low the love of the sea and the alkaline rivor lowing into it at certain seasons from the Araanrosa Doscrt alkali in tho crust through which tho foot in stepping breaks into the abomin able paste beneath TJUKY WILL COLLECT PAUNA It will be the work of the expedition to kill and capture every sort of living can be found in Death Valloy and its surrounding region Every specimen of animal life to bo dis covered thoro will bo represented from a dozen to a score of specimens in tho collection which wiill be brought back Mammals birds roptiles and batrachians will all be grist to tho mill of the uaturalIsts It is ex pected that many new species will be secured such as aro not at present known to science The jlbirds will be shot and the mammals will bo trapped at night All of the gentlemen engaged in this exploration aremost expert trap pers and they will carry with them many dozens of small steelwire contri vances of a sort that are found most offoctive in the capture of all kinds of little quadrupeds It is not anticipated that tho valleyitself will afford niauy examples of animal life save for reptiles aud insects bat in the mountains and around about the case will be different As for the will be caught with thehand or by throwing something Doubtless assort ment will besecured differ e n tcol or s and of th e pecul rattle snakes with horns over their eyeswhich belbngvin are iib frogs there it there are soihequeer toads whore there of each year Whpn the1 deeper hatdens over them like so much brick they simply stav theie buried until the water comes fow mojiths later to rej loaso them from their baked prisolis j of the expedition will will devote ma attention to gathering i tho desert beetles ants scorpions centi pedes and the liko ATTENTIONTO THE BIROS Vory particular attention will be paid to tho birds soon as sliot will bo carefully measured in the flesh skinned and stulTed on tho spot After being stuffed they will be packed in the chests of drawers which are very hard to carry on muleback until they aro dry Then they will bo put into small boxes with cottonwool and sent to Washington whenever a chance offers Necessarily communication will have to bo constantly kept ilp1 with inasmuch as enough provisions cannot bo bo carried along at a load in the wagons to last for the en tire season Tho town called Keoler at Oweifs Lake will bo the intermediate point utilized between the expedition and the world All the mammals captured will be treated jnst like the birds Theroptiles will be put at onceinto alcohol Greatest interest will bo felt in discovering what forms of life aro able to exist in so mada country Such vegetable life found there will afford the botanist material for his collection Incidentally tho moun tains will be explored and covered by the operations of the parties It is vory likely that the explorers in crossing tho alkali crust will beobliged to resort to an expedient adopted before for the pur that of improvising a sort of snowshoes woven11 of willow withes with gunnysacks oveV them and bound upon the foot ITS FIRST W3IITE VISITOH The first white over visited Death Valley was Captain Bend ire who told your correspondent yesterday that on tlio occasion referred to in 1SG9 ho did not attempt to cross the valley but simply skirted aroiirid its edge as ho expressed it like a cat on the edge of a plate of hot Tho Captain is now connected with the Smithsonian Institution Notwithstanding his ex perience ho expressed a regret that he was not going to accompany the expe ho thought promised such interesting results In the courso of tho exploration by tho way tho ascent is to be made of Mount Whitney west of Lake which is nearly three miles high being tho highest peak of the Sierra Nevada range and a thorough study will bo made of its llora and fauna Captain Bend ire while doing tho act of the cat on tho edge of the plate of mush came across only three dried mummies of men in Death Valley Investigation will be made by the ex pedition of the strange fishes that in habit certain springs at the south end of Death Valley Those are and in thaih are found fish unknown elsewhere in the world which have no eyes Tho whole country thereabout is certainly a most joxtraordinary one Seventy miles southof the valley is the socalled Devils i Playground a dreadful desort across which a wind like a furnace blast continually blows tho black lava and hot sand of its groat plain radiating back the suns heat so that tho whole landscape is tremulous to the eye Southeast of Death Valley 100 miles is Dead on the side of whichthermometers have registered 140 degrees in the shade On the east side the precipitous rocks aro much broken up and the sun shining on their whitepoints and angles makes the moun tain look from a distance as if whole conventions of ghosts wore The Indians believe on this that tho mountain is theabode of their dead warriors Hence the name RENE BACHJS Origin of the White Race Professor W G Brintons theory of the white race is that it originated in Europe plus the northern part of Africa from whence it moved eastward to Asia and afterward returned In sup is hypothesis he says that the physicaltypeSiof the Aryan people differ markedly and somewriters have tall to and must have been the original charac is found with just as great purity among the Libyans of Africa so that the assuruptioiix is It is an undeniable fact at the earliest period both in England and the majority ofAryauTSpeaking people brunettes andUt a fact that in the there is a tenderiey to reyert a interhiarry 10 A ofblondes broad THE STAGE FLIRTATIONS Theodore de Banville Writes of One With Curious Itasnlts THE CHARMING LADY WITH THE VALISE The IIOVG Letters Received by Theat rical Juvenile Eyes at a Popular Fusillade oi Tender De lightful Traveling Tattle by a Shrewd Daughter of Eve NnE Act on ft w w liver Btomnch aud bcnveK through the nerves discovery Dr Milea1 Pifls speedily cure bilious noss baa tusto torpid liver piles constipation tJncqualod for mej women children Smallest mildest surest fiOdogas cts bamplea Free A Xeldeus The theatrical juvenile men are as suredly after opera tenors those most admired by women Nevertheless they will not be too vain of this fact if they remember owo their fabulous success with tho charming sex not at all to their personal qualities bnfc solely to the position they hold in their profes sion which makes them for women in general a sort of visible ideal That excellent actor Febvre one day ex plained this idea to mo with very subtle good sense and in support of his argu related tho following anecdote Lafontaino said having made his brilliant creation of the hero in A Romance of a Poor Young found waiting at the theater for him every evening a certain number always the same of love letters But he quit ted the Vaudeville a long while before the success of the was exhausted Temporarily I replaced him in his role and then I received the same letters which ho had received in equal numbers and with perfect regularity But that was not all In the course of the repre sentations I foil sick and was unable to play for three days The piece in vogue had to be kept on the bill the manager who had no choice took a country actor thefiistwho happened to come along stumbling awkward and with a gin voice From tho voky iirst night this man recoiled the number of letters as if their delivery had been a daily ser vice organized by the management You added Febvre that he had no oc casion to be very proud since what the ladies adore in us is but the feathers of the peacock THE WITH THE VALISE Tt sometimes occurs that the juvenile man makes a himself with one or more of the reckless writers of these love letters and of this have lately had quite a remarkable example Boismore who when made up as a stage lover is one of the handsomest and most delight ful of our comcsdians was making a tour in compauy with a Parisian Jean dEsclavy t should be said right here that these two friends though not likf each 01 her had suffi cient resemblance to be taken for each other twenty times a day by superficial observers Last Thursday they were in Brussels Toward noon as they came downstairs to breakfast they met com ing up the stairway of theflotel de Belle1 vne a lady who held in her hand a very small valise Tall elegant and slender wearing her princess dress like a princess tiiis lady evidently a Paris had a grand bearing as superior to what we terra distinction as genius is superior to talent and a handsome vis but at thesame and one which is the perfection of art She cast upon theTtwo friends a sharpand decisive glance of domina tion asMf totake possession of them and mark them with her initial Then she passed on In the evening Boismore played Buy BlasV at the Theaterdes Sain t As he was reciting the beauti ful speech of the first itwas he baud some brunette wasmaking eyes at him in the audience other than the and hish had metthat morning on stairway hotel baud at or when theiaetor macle ter he received a tender atidjcpmplimentary would be a rattiing He replied to the corcaspondence con tinued all thiough the tragedy Madame Pauline1 fort had bravely signed her name learned in this that Boiboiore to and would take the train with Eselavy immediately after tho play She offered herself to thorn as Raveling com pan ion THK AUDACIOUS The trio met only at tho moment of taking the train Hardly had they en tered compartment when Cristol began to congratulate Boismore on his marvelous talent and almost su pernatural youth but Esclavy auda ciously entering into his friends skin bowed with a charming smile and replied to these praises with the most perfeci modesty A strange look came over Paulines face and a wicked Hash shot from her eyes however she seemed to believe this brazen deception and thero was not even a smile at the corner of her lips when using a great deal more emphasis than was necessary called Eselavy every five minutes Aly dear Boismore Besides she was a prodigiously smart woman She knew how to talk and how to listen her voice was in perfect harmony with the night the stars tho country and the dark splendors of tho sky She said gay profound serious and unexpected things She was like a perfect lyre all the strings of which quivered and vibrated From tho quantities of ideas and images she had awakened in them the two friends on their arrival at Antwerp might have thought that the littlo journey of an hour and a half had lasted a whole night and yet she had so thoroughly charmed thorn that it had seemed to them to be over in five minutes They loft their baggage at the depot and got into a hack Pauline Cristol who Still hold her little valise gave the address of the Hotel Saint Antonio on the Place Vorto On arriving Boismore asked tho hotel keeper who had not gone to he could furnish thorn with some sort of a supper to which ho made answer that nothing was easier In fact as soon as the travelers camo downstairs after having taken possession of their rooms he himself led them to a small salon adorned with jolly mythological pictures where the table was sot and tho glass and silverware upon it sparkled beneath the twenty candles of an antique Flemish chandelier Escaut pate do foie gras from Strasbourg a Russian salad stalks of asparagus huge fruits and confections succeeded each other as at tho most irreproachable Parisian sup per and wore washed down with iced Cliquot served in elegant champagne glasses The two friends did not think of being surprised that such a repast had been prepared in a few minutes for by dint of living in ideal world amid legends fairytales tho past and the en tire universe dramatic artists reach the point of not being astonished at the most astonishing things SOMK STKANGE BK1TAVIOR The only anomaly which seemed sin gular to them was that Madame Crisioi offered them the dishes selecting for i thorn the choice pieces exactly as if she had been the mistress of tho house and at her own home But they took this for an amiable familiarity and thought it very jolly that thisunknown should the honors of their own supper Besides she subjugated them by the sound of her musical voice and her bril liant wit Shrewd indeed would lie have been who could have told to what circle of society this woman belonged for she spoke as if thoroughly posted of what was taking place in the highest social spheres and at the same time know corners and slums of Paris like a Livingston of that curious Africa more savage than the other She listened with an intelligence and a sympathy that made the speaker elo quent Esclavy the better to sustain the deception he was practicing spoke like the heroes of Racine imitating is best he could the intonations which at the had made his friendsfor ttine Paiiline Cristol answered in the same fashion as if to show thatevery style was familiar to her even of the Boismore who i by this time was thoroughly jealous of his friend sat listening and taking a genuine lesson in comedy He covered his eyes with his bands and when here moved them the mysterious daughter of Eve had ariseij f rbna and was bidding the frfends goodnight must haveavlittlb expense of the IHericei wjtieni locted yto Then feigning to catch lady he imitated surprise and made the gesture o Q who is stain Ok ainlv x t toU dont believe that for a single in stant I took one of you forthe other5 Then addressing Boismore she contin ued But I understood at onco the jus tice of the change and divined that you had got at ihc truth without any inten tion of doing so What you seem to bo on tho stage your friend is in reality and you display a poetic image of him But why should one bo content with the image 1 am quite well satisfied for my partami thank you greatly for having given me tho reality to admireinstead Of the shadow Having said this she gave Boismoro and his friend acharming pressure of tho hand ami then reentered the hotel with a bearing so correct and dignified that no one assuredly would have thought of treating her otherwise than with respect The two friends after her departure stood looking at each other in silence like two foxes a single hen has trapped Presently not wishing to accept thiV denouement they also went indoors and asked for their companion The hotelkeeper who looked like a fullblown iulip informed them that tho lady had just started for Paris In that said did not wish to remain a minute longer in the unlucky hotel where he had been so signally fooled by a woman make out my bill and be quick about Your bill exclaimed the hotel keeper You dont owe any bill moa lady paid for The actor and the journalist stood as bewildered as if they had been hit full on the head with a club cried Boismore what an abominable alfair I feel like hiding myself in some hole is nouso of attempting to deny charming person has got ahead of us at every point My dear said Esclavy some women are oven sharper than the pro verbial needle You wished to trick but have been tricked and an actor to be complete must have played every role As to myself I am fully for hitherto I have been admired only for frivolous and chimerical reasons while this time thanks to you I can truthfully boast of having been admired as the reality of a stage creation BANVILLE SUMMONED TO HIS COMMAND IK THKi HKr MILITIA Colonel William of BdffaioBill fume has been Nebraska to retprt for duty as General State Militia in event of Indian hostilities Cblonel Cody dedmes he is in favor Bull as one of the firstvnipvos toward cho Indian troubles Of all the bad said be Sitting Uoll is Rock Bear arc flghthi chiefs and will do whatever Tin necessary to defeatSitting Bull Ho can alwaysbe found ele if there is wlll fovnont one and his conduct now portends troubled Old Red Cloud who is disposed to the whites was the leader massacre with nhost dancers andjlpbkingifpr a chraice to winhis spurs The best fighting blood chevcnnes is represented What appears most widespread injuence of niove do riot write letters except by from amateurs elety v i
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