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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - December 7, 1890, Salt Lake City, Utah THE DAILY XAKE CITY UTAH PECTMBEB 7 189O NO KNIGHTS AMONG THEM The Coining Convention of tiro Amer ican Federation of Labor BASED ON THE TRADE UNION PRINCIPLE It Cannot Harmonise With Mr Pow dorlyw Order Samuel GornperH UM the Louder in tho KiKhtHour Oon Demands Muwt Bo Acted UpoQ CopyrlKht 1800 by Bacheller ct T BIB UN K NKW YOIJK Doc 3 1300 Labor orders of many kinds exist and tlourish in the United States today Two greater than all the others com bined have on widely divergrnt lines grown into proportions of suich magni tude as to exUMid their influence into every town and hamlm of tire country Kach to In existence for the sol of and protecting tho righLs of labor yd so nuli cally opposed in the onf to other HI Hsviewof lobe adopted to that end that all hope of uniting the two orders in harmonious itrtion on great problem waheworUnrs lias long since beon abmidonod and it wsoiriH to bo now that the pi r Tiuuicrii siiprciiiucy of the one in tho labor world moans slio gradual extinction 8AMUKI OOMPKRS of the would obliterate trade distinction in its work for the good of entire order tho other is based en rirely on Mio trade union principle de dim ng that no other principle can bo of nerrnaiifMit value Hence It is that all who take time to considerSeriously the viuul issues of the day arc watching with tho keenest In to ros I tho progress of the Knights of Labor under tho leadership of Terence V Iowderly and of the American Mod eration of Labor under the leadership of Samuel Gompors Each order lias more than once been confronted with conditions which threatened its very ex JMUmec and each with its record of contests lost and won survives today a living national force During the year MOW closing ench order entered at differ ent Minos upon an aggressive struggle which attracted tho attention of the whole civilized world The Moderation gained a signal victory with scarcely an exchange of gunshots The Knights after a long and weary and desperate fight retired from the Hold starved out and vanquished by superior forces Nevertheless there are still possibilities in tho future which may well arouse tho ambition and call for tho most llercu ItMin and e Torts of the Knights of Labor Thero are still in the pathway ofitlui victorious AmoYiean Federation so gigantic as to challenge tho unceasing watchfulness energy and prompt and iinfuHimng do cisionof its veteran and skilled loaders A baMln and it baUle lost has not yet ended tho seemingly conflict ICach order haw much of that within it which may well command the rospoet and the lidrniration of mankind There are too within the forcos of oacli lurking dangers which may prove more disastrous tt both than the iiorcest assaults of a common foe Inasmuch as December 8th is the date sot for thi nnfinal convention of tho American Federation of Labor at De troit it is that order which just now comes tho more prominently before the public eye and to that ordor tho present article is dovotwl It has boon stated that tho American Federation is based on tho trade union principle Its chief present object is to secure for working men everywhere the eighthour day Its proscribing a iitiitorin plan rif organixaiioii for all rogarclloss of their oxporlwico or nooossitics nor antagonizing or aiming to destroy ejcist fng orprtriixutipns Hut by preserving all that Is integral in thnm and wiclcnirip scopeso tiiat each withont sub niciffing its individuality may act with tho others in ail that concerns It wai at that convention that the Fodcration declared among other things We want an enactment by the workmen themselves that on a tfiven day eight hours shull constitute a day s work Let us as union men work in harmony for issues we compre hend and upon which we are fully agreed and questions likely to divide Jn 18H5 measures were verit the abuse of the boycott The next yeara more perfect plan of organ i ion decided on and the title of the or der was changed to its present r j first groat battle with that object in view wuS made last spring with the carpenters and joiners of tho country as tho attackiiiff force and a speedy and pronounced victory was tho rtisult That however was not mado without long preparation After tho great financial convulsion of 1873 trado unionism in the United States seemed for a long time doomed Even with tho resumption of work and wages it was found impossible to establish a general trade union embracing whole wage workers Labor leaders with other views were reorgan izing the workingmen They held that trado unions had proven a fjiilurc and that some new moihod of binding the labor element into uu effective aggres sive force must be adopted Hence the Knights of Labor Samuel Gomperssays that theperiod which uuirked the siuiu ber and apparent delay of trade uniou ism was a long and dark night of an archy in the domain of industrial organi If that be so the dawn appeared on Nov 1881 when 107 delegates representing a quarter of a iniilion workers mot in convention In pittsbnrg iuid the Federation of Trade and and the held in Nov theFoderatloif Issued adocument nrg Apolitical but industrial hnity as thaprlmCobject to be uimetJat jSot was added in thedbcauitintr by CTTRIS American Federation of Labor At the convention tAventyiivo atliliaiei orgftiiizsttions were rep resented with an aggregate memborsjiii of work men One year later the membership was nearly doubled Tho Federation consisted then as it does now of the alliliatiori of tho international national and trade unions federal labor unions State federations central labor iriions and trades assemblies 01 cities an i towns titled toreprosehtatiou in conventions on a basis of one delegate for every 4000 members Consequently the attendance of at conventions is not so large as in oilier orders Attempts were made at various thnos to have the American Federation and the Knights of Labor work in harmony and something more than a year ago it was hoped that iU last those attempts would bo crowned with success The result however merely served to em phasize the irreconcilable be the two orders The executive officers of the rTndoration and the Knights met The Knights of Labor oflicoiS otlered as a basis for harmony tho mutual recognition of each others cards of membership This was declined by the trade unions on the ground that in trade disputes there would be a dual resulting i vexations and midlosscomplications Then the Ameri can Moderation proposed thai the trade locals or local assemblies whoso mem bership was con lined to men of a single trado be discontinued by the Knights and that on Uin all mixed locals or federal labor uiiionsbediscoii tinned by the Federation and thai all Lnulo be urged to join mixocl assemblies of tho Knights of Labor This proposition was also rejected and tho conference was attended Any other termination of the conference could been looked for We do not said President Gom pers how the linker or the tailor can successfully regulate the trade affairs or disputes of the butcher or baker The American Federation ofLabor has made it the cardinal principle to declare maintain and secure the autonomy of every trade and labor union in the ex ercise of its right to regulate mat Left connected with its osvn business nninterfered with by atiy ormysterious power Tho most potent factors in maintaining and petuating the Federation aro the very slight cords that bind tho organizations to it Its officers if disposed to be dic tatorial would soon find few or none to dictate to We act upon the principle that the whole aro wiser than any ono and that democracy stands against autocracy as the best form of govern ment industrially as well as The American Federation of Labor in fact seemed to be based onthe principle of the American Federation of States Americanism and patriotism aro to tho most casual observer among the leading attributes of the order Should you have occasion tho modosfNow York headquarters of the order in Clinton Place you will see conspicuously displayed on the walls as you enter the main room a fine steel portrait of George Washington In President Gomporss private room hang ing just above his desk is a steel en graving of TrumbuHs Declaration of Those little surface indications may bo of interest to such wilfully uninformed persons as still per sist in bolieviug that labor reformers are of necessity unpatriotic The American Federation of Labor never once lost sight of tho position it had taken in favor of the eighthour day for and at theninth convention held in Boston last vyoar trhat position was reaffirmed Then it was decided that the time for action was ripe Last March the Executive Council consisting of William Martin P J McGuire Bonry Emrich Chris Evans aad Samuel Gompers met and selected the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America to lead in making the demand for the en forcementof theeighthour rule The demand was formally mado in May and the result is still fresh in the memory one who paid the slightest attend labor matters Within a secured the eight hour day and more seen red ro eight hours Eight said President Gompers is our watchword for today J twill bo fewer hours of if need be tomorrow They portend higher wages steadier employ ment and work for thousands who aro now Samuel Gompers whowas born in London England in 1850 was com pelled through poverty of his parents to ieavo school and workin a factory before lie was 11 years old He continued his studies in a night school however and whefi he left stood highest in his class He left the factory to work at the shoe trade but was soon afterward apprenticed to a cigarmaker 1803 lie came to this country a boy of 13 he was already a skilled journeyman and as there were no age restrictions joined a cigar makers union which had just been organized and he has been ever since a union workingman He declined the presidency of the Cigarmakers Inter national Union in 1877 and has since declined torun for political office Ho was the first vicepresident of the Fed eration in 1881 and at the second con vention was elected its president a position he has held over since Dur ing the first six years he served without salary or any other emolument although the period included the the time of the great eighthour movement of 1S8G For years ho has been the champion of the trade unionists and as editor of the fought tho Knights of Labor al most unaided at a time when that order threatened to destroy every trade union in the land His published articles first aroused tho trade unionists to tho dangers that threatened them and un led to the formation of the present Federation He also edited the FederaUou official journal the Union tlio the to place one an IT KMRTCE and lias written many articles for various publications on labor topics lie is a clear 1orciblo writer who never linds himself at a loss to make his meaning apparent As a public speaker he is also in much demand His cool conservatism had a large influence in keeping tho Federation out of illcon sidered strikes as well as out of political and other piblalLs When tho time seems ripo to act however he is bold and unwavering and shows himself a natural leader olmon A biusy with every waking hour of tho day fully occupied has not ap parently worn oilthe edges of a natur ally pleasant and cheerful disposition and if you can obtain a live or ten minutes interview wilh him as you certainly can if yon wait your turn and have something to say you will lihd Samuel Gompors a man of cour teous manners who grasps your suggcs1 lions with quick intelligence says what the occasion may call for with neither hesitation nor unnecessary vehemence and gives you the impression that des pite other anxious callers with claims upon his oar you are for the time at commanding his undivided atten tion Bo carries his courteous habits into tho most healed pirblie controver sies It seems to he saRl the other day when ho found not only his position in a certain matter but himself person ally bitterly assailed that men in the labor movement can honestly differ with each other without rinding it necessary to indulge in and in that spirit ho conducts oven his fiercest combats Associated in office with President Gompors are William Weihe and P J INlcGuiro vicepresidents Henry Em rich treasurer and Chris secretary J n Federation matters they are practi cally agreed Wo are said Mr Gompers advocates of we recognize their ovils but the greatest objection wo have to them is that they occur when the strikers themselves are least A successful strike means something gained If working men never their employers will do tho striking Tho strike properly conducted is an educator We would rather reduce tho number of strikes than condemn thorn Nothing tends more to reduce tho number of strikes than pre paring for thorn with organized labor forces and a wollfillec treasury Then employers twice before acting un At the coming convention of the American Federation of Labor 5800 local branches will be represented Branches of the Federation are located In all industrial centers and throughout the country gerie The chief cause for apprehension in the order at present is the knowledge that at the Detroit convention the SocialisticLabor organi zations of Now York will certainly rap on the door for admission When the Socialistic of New York City withdrew some time ago from tho Central Labor Union and as the Central Labor Federation vthey tried to secure a charter from the American Federation President Gompers refused to gran tit holding that as a political party the American section of cialistLabpr party ywas not entitled to representation iriWtradesunion bitter controversy was the result and Mr Gompers finally decided to refer the whole matter to Lucien Saniel the Socialist editor will repre sent the Socialists He has boon instructed to JdolnaTid admission to the convention as a delegate and in caso of his admission to iiisist that the political and economic sides of the labor question be merged into one Then ac cording to his instructions he is to lead in an open attack on President Gompers and his methods and that the Federation send a delegate to the Inter national Labor Congress in Berlin in 1891 for the purpose of having that congress make the congress which is to meet in Chicago during the time of the Worlds Fair in the official In ternational Congress for4bat year Perhaps tho convention will not care to receive Mr Saniel as a dele Then lookjj out for the liveliest kind of war In case of his failure to be admitted Mr Saniel is instruc tions to Lire a himself get ican Federation of the peopie of As WVSaniel en orgen tic man i able his presence in matter howhe MEN AND PRETTY WIVES Are Wives Chosen by Men for Their Beauty or for Wenr THE GLAMOUR OF A FAIR FACE la the Plain Wife a Misfortune to Men Choose by the Eye and When From Itnver and the Beauty a Lagting Pretty and Witty Women of the Worlds His in a Woman Which Can Hold Kings in Thrall Copyripht 1890 bv The T5ok Syndicate Press New York 1 A beautiful woman will still be beauti ful at eighty when a pretty woman will possibly but confront you with the wreck and ruin of her pretiiness and when she who was a plain women in her youth still keeps ago at a distance But the beautiful woman is as rare as tho protty woman is usual and what lover thinks of eightyyears or as many when the lovely Lois sits beside him Who of us cares the less for the rose because knowing it is soon to fall The lover is in the present the womanho loves is the center of its atmosphere she is its life itssepremo expression all the ages havebeen onlyto produce her and now that she ishere shall tho work of tho ages come to naught Indeed she is to him imperishable so much alive that it is impossible to think of decay and death in connection with her He is not oven aware that any this is in hisinncr consciousness he only knows that it is life where1 she is and death where she is not that she is indispens able1 to him that hocannot contemplate tho future without herthan he feels an ineffable tenderness toward her that oven her mother and that imp of evil her young in her thather father is as awful a being as tho Her father may never lose all the aura of this awful ness the brother may come tObe viewed in the light of a nuisance and a marplot the mother may develop into the bale star of his existence bnt the wife is a part of himself and it is largely in her ownpower to say whether in shall be a part of his higher or of his lower self It is not with her beauty that the wife establishes this fact Although beauty draws us with a hair the hair will break if all the weight is left upon it Beauty is always the determining point in the beginning but even THE IIJiMJN might pall and becomeiWearisome if it wore not informed larger beauty of the soul with the intelli gence with the innocence create a deathless beauty of expression of lino of gaze the sweetness ofthe mouth at rest of intonation that still delights the heart when lustre and color and luxurious outline and all the charm bound ing life are faded and fallen Quite away lJs she kind as she is fair For beauty lies witji says he who searched human nature with tho strength of They who assure us that a man of seiise so needs rest that companionship at home with an intellectthat own on the alert is burdensome not only make the mistake of assuming that he is a man of sense bufe are advising us to raise a race of mean that mothers should so utterly count for nothing that they cannot even deterior ate the race But must women remain dunces that men may bo pleased Alas men must take women as thoy them and they lind theio escaped from that Oriental bondage them since they had no only tho body and acknowledge no other lord than the lord of the To the plain woman who is a wife her of beauty is almost always a grief She fancies she might have secured a more perfect allegiance if she had worn the red and white of some more fortu nate woman she pities her husband among other men as air Gawains wife may have done that his wife is un comely she longsto fill his eyewith pleasure she would be burned alive if rise from her ashes fail enough to take the reproach of her un comeliness away from enough to see his gaze follow her with She does not realise ithat it is herself that he loves and not an evanescent bloom or sparkle that if she beauty he does not miss it that HIS EYES FOLLOW HER now with rapture of another and better sort that fair or foul he loves her and if her eyes were crossed he would not have them straightened and so cjiauge her to Yet no woman need If there is a soul in her body it has but betimes to show through From her earliest girlhood the thought she the feelings to which she gives way the tones she utters the wishes she in dulges are in her face that are niakingabeauty all their whose writing willyro main when and sparkle It is in the beginning of manhoodand in the beginning of old age that a man is captivated simply by a pretty endows its owner with all imaginary graces of tho spirit in breathless haste to make her charms his own pos session maturer many is far less subject to a mistaken infatuation The boy looks for beauty the glowing the melting eye the loveiy lip he can not endure the notion he will an unlovely countenance in perpetual evidence Tne old Lothario returns to his childhood in this If the youth waits a fewyears wisdom has found him out wife ho chooses is chosen for wear Not that such an element enters into despise himself he too is either taken by drifts the that at firsta niere the all embracing tide but he has become the one not to be taken by storm by trifling forces theone not tq be swept away by shallow waters to whom alone has yeryjn sufficient attraction It is has seen i THE HJLYOC WTfOtTGHT by this1 merisiprettiness in of his tbehousehods of tliose ate never the uniittertgeDt level of the wife or driven from home to seek some sortof raontal nutrition elsewhere It is riotthat he has seen his friend disap pointed to the verge of heartbreak and looking on tho has realizedwhat Browning meant when lie said of a pretty woman Mnv not liking be so simple sweet If pixw TwouM undo tliore All that breaks the to dimples It is none of this that secures him Itis that he has become incapable of be ing attracted by that which ravished his friend Yet after all let him see what ho will fool ai thc head of anothers house an ignorant or heartless or unintelligent woman a virago a sloven a fright a bluestocking a woman Whose biKnity did asiouish the survey Of riclujst whatever it may be tho circumstance will not have great influence over his own choice for it is to be doubted if any of us ever learn much of anything by tho mistakes of another Kach lover of tho list thinks that in his choice there is no mistake that his love is the one woman iu whom tho race has come to perfect flower that his tioiue at any rate is to be happiness his future heaven Perhaps it will be Perhaps the glam our of a fair face has not blinded his eyesto things that last longer Per haps with the fair face has come to him the fair soul too the clear mind tho warm heart tho strong will the gentle way the sweet temper He may have and goodness together and wit as well If he is really to have the happiness he expects he must have some measure of all three The lover who can see Helens beauty in tho brow of tfgypt will usually lind what answers to him for beauty in tho one ho loves But beauty without the goodnesswill soon pall and disgust without the wit will tire him and goodness without tho others will serve small purpose be yond lilting him with an uncomfortable remorse for errantry and a pity that istoopainfar to be indulged while wit alone without theothers will presently discoVer itself in its loneliness and till him with dismay andshrinking Beauty and wit alone have made women thehistorical sinners of the world and although they have held their sway overmany hearts it has been a brief sway and the hearts have never known But wit and good ness alone haveheld kings in thrall havemarshaled humble households to gladness and if their owners had not Cleopatras beauty their lovers and their husbands never knew it HAHKIKT PRKSCOTT DISEASES CURE MEDICINE Electric Belt ana suspensory For All Persona Weakness OFMBB That is the before bo fc f eyes1 iro n aur Established 1O Tears in Denver DR SANDEXS KUECTROMAGNETIC BELT will cure without mwlioinc Rheumatism Pains in buck and Kidney and Hlodiler cpm Dlaiuts Norvous Dubility Exhaustion Vltftl tossesand Woakncss Constipattou Spinal Alluciions Neuralgiu etc The currants from our uro uudcr ccuiplete control ol woiircr andareiuslimtly felt by tho wwuror or telte have threat over all others and wo warrant tliem to be vastly superior or will reimsd money Wo especiully recommejid them to tho YOIUIR Men sullering from vital of a personal nature and their euVots who lack vital force nerve oncfKy and muscular power and have failed to iiuaih strength andporrcof manhood Mjddlo nccl men who tor want of strength and Aether induced by indiscretion excess care overwork mental anxiety exposure or otherwise lind their physical powers prematurely declining Oldinin who think their wailing vitality ttio natural result ot the progress of old uge and de cay when it is simply the want of animal or imlural electricity Mitn tu power of the body to roproduco it liave bolts and suspensories made specially for these cuses in their various wliicb giv continuous mild soothing currents of electricity all weak parts speedily restoring tbem to liesillh and vigorous Btrength Worst cases permanently cured in three months Our illustrated book giving full information from prominent men In every State iu the Union who have beta cured will be sent for 1c postage THE SAN DEN ELKCTRIG uck Dentor Colorado ERRORS OF YOUTH SUFFERERS FROM Norvoiiw Debility Youthful IndUcretlona Lout Manhood B8 Your Own Physicianj Many men from tho of youthful Imnrudcnuo have brouKlit ot weakness that reduced the Kcnoral ays torn no much to induce almoat every other dLseaso and tho real couao of the trouble twarceJy ever boinR suspoctod they are doctored for every thine but Notwithstanding the many val a remedies medicafsciencc has Produc tor tlio reliof of this class of pniionts none of tho ordinary modcB of treatment cnocta euro Durinff our colleRO and hos pital practice wo haro and dascoveiod new and dies Tho accompanying prescrip ferod aa a speedy hundreds of cases have been restored to perfect health by its use aU purlin rrodionta must in the preparation of this prescription ii 2 iake 1 pill 3 p f at bedtime niafcini the number three This remedy is adapted to every 1 nervous debility and weakness in eithcroex I and especially in those cases resulting from imprudence The rscuperatiyo PMwcf5 Ibia restorative aro truly use continued for a short timo ch an ftps the 2languid debiHtatod nerveless condition to ono of renewed life and vipor t Aa we are constantly in receipt or letters or inquiry relative to this remedy we would sly to thosn who would prefer to obtain it of us byrcmlllinp aBOcurely 3 aee containing 60 pilla carofuliy Bom will be Rent by return rnail from our private Inlxirittory or wo will furnish Addresa or call on New England Medical Institute 24 Botton MAM Copyright by F B LEEWIli His JnstJy Chi SC kra teed the foilowUij FITS NESS BALDNESS SIGIK ALL DISEASES PEGU LIAR TO JNG WEAKNESS ATB TAKKU OANCER TAPEWORM COHN BROS I We offer at a great sacrifice everything we have left in PARIS PATTERN SUITS And marked them down regardless of cost to and They consist of this seasons novelties and the prices named are from 25 to 40 per cent loss than ooat A lot of 3tfInoh Grey Tricot Dress Goods at 25o per yard The price speaks for ifcsoU A Hue of 50inch French Broadcloth at OOc per yard Reduced from A lot of 52inch Checked Cloth Suittnps at 50c Keduced from 00 We on sale two bsilos Bloachcd Muslin at 14 for 00 This Muslin cam to us by mistake and is equal in every respect to Lonsdalo or b ruit of tho Loom P Y ALL NER VOUS HEART DISEASE GONSUMP E URINARY iind ail dkeaaefi of the Generative Or no mailer how standing If you biTe dtorat1 cured do not doepnir but write to Lee blainp Mat Pains s follows 2 2 and Table Cover at groat b ix yard lengths at 75c 85c and from I RIBBONSI RIBBONS A lot of Gros Grain Satin Edge RlDbons in 5 7 9 12 at 16 at lOc per yard for all VW ASlot of Fancy Ribbons all iu No 1C at 15o per yard Roduced from 40c CHILDRENS PLUSH BONNETS At 75c SI 00 and Keduced from and Wo ire offcrinc a great bargain in a lot of very choice AllWool Jersey for T tn Oheck s Bouole and Plula Black Made up in tho best possible styles at each I THIS IS i EXAOTLY HALF 1RIOB Sixes 32 to 42 No such bargain baa ew Waists at and marked from OUR ENTIRE LINE OF HIGHERPRICED JERSEYS AT BARE COSL An elegant line of Winter Skirts very choice goods 75 cent and ABOUT Heavy Ribbed Jersey Horlno Vests at 35 oents Roduwd from W CCntLadies Natural Wool Sibbed Vests and Drawers all sixes at 50 cents i eaofc worth Sole IsonS for Dr Jxger Sanitary Wool Underwear for and SPECIAL SALE OF Gloalis ISTraps wrt i lot of Childrens Cloaks sizes 4 to 12 in allwool Roods made up in at and a reduction of per cent from reg and Newmarkets in 14 16 and IS at and a ro rytSnstcSof and Gapes Seal has advanced 75 pe cent Ilnoo we made our purchases Our prices bower roinaia tho same We are sell ing our Jackets at to Capes at COHN BROS LETTER OF TETE DAYB WE OFFER A GRAND REDUCTION OF 20 PER CENT DISCOUN1 N EVERY SUIT OVERCOAT FROM OUR IMMENSE STOCF confidoutlal and Larimsr iretffy c WHOLESALE GROCERS f i i i CITY t I I I UTAH allerstein UDI77
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