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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - May 21, 1890, Salt Lake City, Utah CIRCULATION EXCEEDING THE MOST EXTENSIVE In the Mountain Begloaa i 104 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH WEDNESDAY KQENJNG MAY 21 1890 THE RATIONS LAWGIVERS The Senators Discuss the Interstate Commerce Problem FOR DEMOCRATIC CONGRESSMEN and Othfti JVTako a VurioiiH KnUI on the Sugar j SchediiJeTIu HOIIHO Jn the Seysiou iu Confusion May Tho Senate laid ilclo Silver MM discus sion of Mid bill SIM t tho rufiiilalbn of im jjortod liijiiors Wilson who tho bill diOKscd the in fXphimiMim inl ftd vocary ol Ing that it was nirtrlo riocos Huiy iiy UK1recent decision of the Supremo i t In to sujisUtm in dccrlslcn that con Id ptrmll the uxorclsiof restrain InK of Lho State sind it was foi thu pui ponnlHsloa that linen and eiiict would bo to State to doUirmlno liosin uld U In rogurd of giving hiH reported Iciivc rivry what its p the ii inloxK li At tho cnt I tinIho imclcago salofiiis hiiu in lis Wllfi tu put a such nuiico und in ovory Stiilo l thai ti Vot the hi licratisi H woi jnrKdietinu of llo Iho loriguhitiitsowniiitiiriiHl policy id ho wns nfit to ily in sweep awuv exclusive nltod Stafs over Uiiorstuto hud hat I til I Jiliil the poWiT In a tlm Slates and with niiHiniH was an power vested in Confess hy the Constitution Tlm intimation that Congress mitfht delegate to Slutis tlnil power contained in tlm thai lie con tended thai H ootild not he done Tins Supreme Court had Unit thi power of ovr intirstale commerce wast exclusive II could be delegated in resranl to one urtleleof nmrolmndise ho delected to any other article whut corn ico iiiitrrarim Was the Senate to make lhaumw departure it on Um morn dictum of tint Supreme Court to tear down the barriers of the Constitution I In said WHS jJonyrisi tlm m it hy Mlm tn nny SHiKi fr niinilxr if Slitter Ho IxImvod it iMiuld imt Todci so wmiM Intodnstrnv 11m interstate of tlm and till for It wis So fiuIroin any unirorinil v tlmrn IKit ilivursity und hcslility Missouri woiiUl shul outoim artiulf Kansas anolhii1 and HH on until tmi won lit he chaos from rum end ol tlm Ijnion to llii tlm Silver hill up as unfin ished hnslimss hnl was laid aside Informally Vest continued that If this hill It would iiifn ui iipportiiiiities for a siuwssivo of hills lust as tlm or of ininht oall for that Knr of How would It he 1m inolhitr dumtuul wax maileupoii otsive permission to all the Stains to something else tohaooo for liistanoo Iavnr of Mm hill Iniless ivhat was this coiihl be done It would he the law ol tho Uniled Sliles for all future unless Iho tutionwere ninended in that respect that any iHirndii livlnsi in Slate or country couhl send Into any State and dispose of II here throuh akents am that It should not he for any State author nmniked upon It us a curious ami iri that a condition of things Imd IHMM when to the dehate tuthe JuduniiMit ol Mm MipriMjin Coiirl the Slalis had no ptwor deal wUh tho Htihieet iiul had no power to deal with il The result wjis Unit there was In every man in one SUte an inherent individual personal rihl to niriv into Slate what that state iiiTihl inlurious to Its safety thereto tolf it and that Conirress had no power ship it and that the Slates uonld not stop it unless them that power It wasonlv necessary stale such u propoiution show thai Moiimwfierw either in tlm Supreme Criut or the Senate Ilieiv wasa lault in the of somehodv lie did not Ieel the fact that the Supreme Court had lakon the liresi step ever taken within a hundred years in The towards ol power either in the SiipivniiCourt or in Congress He did not holiov in Vneakini of the Importation of Intoxicating into a State Kdmuuds claimed that hoVurViof luitives or not suhjecU to the State iuwx aiid that was what tinSupreme Court would come to within the next twenty years Mter furl her discussion the bill went over without action and the Sean to proceeded to tho consideration OCRsolutions onored by Cameron of respect to tho memory of Uiu into Kepresentu tivo Kellev of Pennsylvania At the of ho eulogies the Senate a further mark of ro apoM iho of Mr Kulley ndjouruod Housr Mny House wont into of tho Whole on the TadIV hill Cowks ollered an amendment repeal ing tho tax sivves ollVreil an providing that iiriiniA tlesor hoops for billing or mt Ihinimr than No JO he idmitlecl free Aftor an extended ths cisMoii the amendment was rejected W to IM Itnckliiridko moved to fix tho duty at moved to amend tho fiiiLai as follows AH supirs not above No IS sUndard in color all tannl bottom svrups of wiuo or het juke molada cenUHtiii melada ooncrete and by polarisiopo not above seventy devU shall iV fttUity of 0 per pouml for everv additional decree or CracMon of do Irie tlireeliundivdttisofa ont per pound addi tionnr all above No Kl and not above No li U k 70 touts por jumnd all above Xo U anl not ubove t1 U cents per pound all nbovo n S U IDnents molasses testing not above MS decrees by polarisooiH U cents per gallon testing above 06 decrees i ouuts MoktmiT said hisameiuhdent made a roductuui oil existing duty on siiiisir of per cent It retaiiuul the ividniK lino at U instead of Itt and seoured to tho ol this ooun py he retlnii of between and Irt which hill Impraetiially sent to foreign Vretiners with tho Mills hill It was not a case of lowering or inoreasinsr of of policy Tlm lull I except the suar schedule was hravo nd tronubecause it was bravo In the snar si it As timid and timesen ami weak oeeUseitwas timeservin iuul thnid In the other schedules the hill curried out Repuhlioan nhnMides It be well for the Jo pauseand confer what they wero as to its iiiiotiiuil uid poJithivl if not to its om n offoct The OMonpo platform iiHratel he wavs and means of reve ie iiid deoKrcil rhat tlm inrerrirl rtvenuo sys tem should bedestroyed mther than any part of protective system be ssimMirtowl Hie s indi sfrv was tho nnrt of tne protective system 1 r by His hill The suar sc u o pointed as as ever a tree trader 1 to Ivuotitof in the cheapest market Democratic Wool was not produced to the of imr wants und no one could pie diet when it would ho DiiuocraMo applause a iudnstry tic uidhad uioroiised proUc in us bill because U was a ami vet It was called the keystone ol tlio arch of protection If the committoo o i the position taken by It Iu Us report the l itj on wool was a on tho consumer Denm The Kepubliwui parly could no make thescapetroat of surplus without involving protection systoin The bill made suar a conlmbjuul in the pro tective system Jt the bounty system were cor rect whv not apply it to other things h not arplv totin plate Lnimhtor and save at unco U the committee wwe riijht vho was hiT Us not endorsing in revenue und taxation Why not apply u to linen cods which wo did not produce and the pople cheap Unotr to go with cheap tin atut Why noi apply it to wool until that article was in the country to tlio of tho peoples wants Democratic Think of the political effect upon thoKcpuliIican party when it was enabled to Xint with prklo workiHginim und sitting down to a cheap m a cheap sultof clothes opposed tUe amcodoat wnt the position of tbo Kepublknn party tottch tho protorivo roliov duty Ihuv of fonitn excopt iux ho like of whici not tiroducod at homo stijar was produced in this country now years ago Tho outIonian from California no correct said wool Mood oji all fours with The of wool last yar under tins present instilncient tnrill was and the imports wen pounds Twico as was at as was imported and tlio homo product was sufficient to control tho price at homo and tinworlds price of wool Hecause ho wits H Kopnhlican he was in favor of tho Avenue from iho protective system and plucui snJir on the fne list Ho the Lho Sandwich Islandi and declared thata Jew in Cnlifornia con trolled tin production of snsriir in that counry on rlic ijoe list and to UK toTour irisii of Jalifornia who owjiod the pliititatiniiri Sundwicli hilands favored the aiiienrlinotiU and op the bill a injurious to interests of tiio colored of tho South Morrill supported thu McKonna arnencl on uronnd rhat it was the only luriti iiiiiin methou of and for the reason lliat iin revoiniu of derived from necessary toinaeL tho obligations JiiKinlev closed the discussion arid MoKenmi s to ONeill Harmir UoHavcn liar lino Vamlever Korr f Colonmn and Uivhiirn vntiiiKin Hie iillirinativo On notion of McKinly a numher of amend irnnts adopted reducing the duty on cer tain building or monumental stones except mar bio diityon steel inots val ued above K pT pound Irom ptr attixilnrtwlLo cents a pound plac ing on Mm freti list lish from Ainurican lishoiujf and fpsh or froxiui in fresh waters Halllioll also ollored un arnondment tlxint tho duty on shot uns valued at not nioie than at T cent nl inoru than 10 per cent pis tols and rcvolviiin pistols cent Walters protested vigorously If tho iimndment wen adopted he said within live veirs the business of niiiiiufactiiriiiK lire arms in ihis countrv would bo destroyed amend tmiH wns tlmilly to Wius also one Miking bristUis from the fntn list and fixing tho cliilv upon tlniri at 10 per pound Mr Und complained that he had no to olfer an reducing tho duty upon bimliiiif twine a IOIIK amendment tho sub stance of was to imiioKo a tax of 5 cents a Ballon upon used in the nmmilaotiiro of vimaruml pulling the of the Commissioner ol Internal sawvir of Now York olforod a substitute After three hours of confusion and inattention diiritiL which the amendment was read and not the substitute order was restored but without HIIV iillempl to vote upon the amendment The committed ettled down tu a ffeiieral of iletails ol Lho hill and aniendiiiunts Uie Lind made a llorce nlliick ujion the nist He asserts that the action of MMooinmkleo in placing raw material on tho free list without niakinsr any reduction in tho duly oh the finished product amounted to an in uroaseor 7UO in protection Ilitt olijected to the clausu wlncli allowed a man loud n ship in Kurope with diamonds nnd statuary and and them into this duty free Tlnivor olijecled vigorously to tho increase In duties on hemp anil Max Sawyers substitute WHS rejected and thu com mittee amendment adopted Cannon ollered an amendment providing Lin psiintinjis in oil or water colors and statuary not otherwise provided for shall pay a duty of per cent ml asked unanimous consent for tlio gentleman to print amendment ill fcho rco 0rMoiidersonWhifc loos lllt T of un amendment yestefday restoring tho pres eiitduty on wool and woolens unl I want a vote onIt Applause on Urn A motion to riso was agreed grout confusion and the Itoiiso at ad HOUGH ON CATTLE EXPOBTJDKS Thoy Lose ST They ShJp and Thoy JjosoirThoy 3ont cattle exporters aio holng ground tnlllstonos tho prUio oC uuttlo horo hits boon rising it luis bcuni falling on tho other sklo CJom with u Lho price of bccE fiLllcn i contj a pound whilo at this sidu It has risen iinils On Saturday on tho Llvorpool market woro t conls a pound on this sklo 11A cunts In tho facto of this dlf fonuico lho shippers Und thomsolvos oom jHillod abroad for tho ioiisou that they engaged all thofreight could seuuro up to August IsL at por heiul Thus if they do not ship will lose pothoad and 1C they do ship they will lose nearly as much It is a yorlous condition of affairs and unless a com promise oau bo olleeted with tho steam ors miitiy small shippers will go to tho wall A Patrick HirieH Flees tho Country a Shortnfio Behind Him Nuw Yoiuc May disappeavauce and rumored of Patrick Hinos of Brooklyn now fully con tinned has caused a sensation Iu IrishAmerican circles Hities was high In the AiiultiutOrdcr ot lllbcrniuns having been president and treasurer of JMvlaion No 9 a State Delegate and National treasurer for four years Two weeks ago Hities disappeared The shortage is variously re ported at from 8150 to1 S4UOO It is feared thattho accounts ol Division No 0 are not straight and the committee is examining thenu It is understood that tho matter of his disappearance was up before the recent llartCorcl mooting oL Hibernians and caused a bin roar His friends are trying to smooth things over It is reported that Hinos has gouo to A GOES WRONG Kansas Citys Treasurer Cant Ac count for KANSAS CITY May Treas urer 1uuko was suspended from olllco this niornlug a shortage of between and having bton discovered in his ac counts Peako was elected to ollloo as a Democrat two years ago and roeloeted this sprinc It is the custom npon installment of a now City Council to appoint a committeo to cjxaiiilue into tho condition of theiiuancial department of tlui city Therefore when committee was appointed last week to examine Toakes account no surprise occasioned until it was noticed that tlio Iity devoting un extraordi nary amount of tlmo over his books This occasioned rumors and Mayor Holmes and Comptroller Hobby today nuicle a hasty in quiry which resulled hi Peakos suspension ponding an otliciai A Flood UTTCA N May has fallen almost without interruption in tho Mohawk Valley since Sunday night Ail the streams arc full and over lowing the level laud lie ports from surrounding towns say that un less Iho rain stops soon much damage will bo done by Hoods The farmers iu Cen tral New York are discouraged at the out look on tho hills the ground is satu rated until it is liko The Illegal Snivar Trust NKW May Ingrabara in the Supremo Court special term today de cided that Receiver Henry Winthrop Grant of MiO North Ulver Sugar Kotinuig Company has no right to the profits of the illegal com as the Sugar Trust Presbyterians and Temperance N May report of the committee on temperance of the Presby terian Church South takes ground against the interference ofthe church in tbe matter of social government Tbe purport of tbo report is a recommendation that the oburob declare neither for prohibition iior for license An Atchisou Acquisition NEW May ers of tbe St Louis San Francisco railroad stated this afternoon that control of the company absolutely sold to tho Topeka SautivFc railroad This 1400 miles to to the Atchison system besidesgiv ing itabsolutocoistrol of tbe Atlantic Pa cific railroad STANLEY m HIS DOROTHY She Jilted Sim at First Because Me Dyed His Hair V HIS LAND FOR AMERICAN NEGROES A Farm for Every African In the United ori Social Plea for the Irish ForeignNews TRIBUNE San Francisco GliraniclG There seems to bo a fjroal float of ronianclnp about Stanleys Cfitfagomutil to Dorothy Tcmiimt Tho was sprung as a great sinprise Saturday nidrnitijj and newspaper men had a lively scramble to ascertain tho facts about tlio engagement The ftfw people who claimed to possess tlio secret clothed the allair with all the romance possible The exact iaets were learned today Stanley mot Miss Ton riant with a party on the Duke of Westmin sters yalil a few weeks before he started to Africa to rescue Emin lie was introduced to her by Baroness UoitUs Litanioy was miieh Impressed with Miss Tennant and so utfhfc occasion to continue the friendship A lew days before lie started for Africa lie proposed manJane Much to his surprise he was To the Uaronfss and one or two other intimate friends Stanley did not hesitate to denounce JMiss Tennants eon duct in encouraging him to the point of proposal and then jilting blm To one or two friends who ventured tulle with her on tho subject she said she could not stand a man who dyed his hair Its a wellknown JacM that while in America and while here before lie started for Africa this loy always dyed his hair A photograph taken of him here just before starting shows his hair jet black miring his last visit he discarded dye altogether and was content to let his hair remain white Tho stories about Stanley sending impassioned love let ters from Africa to his anxious iiancee through the Emin relief agents at London is all bosh Stanley went away a rejected suitor When homewnid bound ho arrived at Urhullsi Miss Toimant was not there to inset him as sherairely would have been if betrothed Nor did she meet him at Paris or Brussels From Brussels Stanley wired two intimate friends at IA melon to meet him and enjoy a lunch on tlio boat while crossing to Dover These friends were Mrs Kreiteh Sheldon of New York and Harry Welcome who is get ting up a dinner to Stanley by the Ameri cans of London Tonnant was not there Among the party to moot Stanley at Dover was Baroness Jo LI Us During tho journey up she contrived to let Stanley know that if he still loved Dorothy Tennant and would ask her again to marry him this tlmo ho would not be refused The result was that Stanley drove to the homo of CoutLs where Miss Tennant was waiting to meet him Whether Stanley asked her again there and then to be his wito cannot be learned but ho did so very soon afterwards This is tlie tiLie story of the engagement which is still a subject of the greatest gossip No date is fixed for the wedding Just now Stanley is full of the idea of transporting negroes from the Southern States of America to Central Africa The precise sito lixod upon is tho Upper Gongo forest country miles in extent which Stanley estimates would provide for each tho negroes of tho South something like a square mile of hind for his inheritance Tho climate is hoalthy abounding in navigable rivers with hills and valleys to diversify tho seenery It struck Stanley in passing th rough it that it resembled Arkansas Mis sissippi and Louisiana without their swamps Anything might bo grown on says from the oranges sugar eano and cotton of subtropical lands to the wheatof Califor nia and the of South Carolina rnixoi3 xicnoijAS IN DISORACB Edmund Yatos cables tho New York Trih wnc Prince Nicholas of Montenegro who was by tho Czar last year AS tho I only true friend of has fallen into disgrace at St Petersburg and now it is ex tremely probable that tho projected mar riage between his llelene and tho will not take place Prince Nicholas has been so imprudent as to abuse tlio and tho government because they thwarted his plan of becoming King of Servia and ho manifested resentment in other ways thereby seriously olluncluig the Emperor and his advisors who novor either liked or trusted Prince Nicholas People about the Russian Court are now beginning to inquire what has become of the suiu of or thereabouts which was contributed in St Petersburg for tho relief of the Montenegrins during the recent famine The sulTorers are reported to have received neither tho money nor provisions purchased with io while by a cu rious coincidence Prince Nicholas has lately been enlarging his place and just now is building himself a splendid villa in tho mountains He got rid of several thousand of his starving subjects by tho easy method of packing them olF to Servia SALISBUIll ON SOCIALISM LONDON May Associated All the powers except France have con cluded commercial treaties with Turkey upon tho basis of a fixed tariff In tht House of Lords today the Earlof Welliss denounced the tendency of the gov ernment towards Socialist legislation It was not land alone but every kind of prop erty that was threatened The freedom of contract and freedom of private enterprise wore assailed Salisbury admitted tho existence of a strong tendency to lean upon the State upon every occasion Against this he suid statesmen must guard Too much impor tance was attached to tho specter of Social ism The public could be trusted to find out what practical good lies behind the So cialist doctrines Nobody not absolutely blind could deny tho existence of great evils from which arose Socialist proposals and actions We are bound to do all we can to remedy these evils even if wo get called So cialists knowing we are undertaking no new principle or striking out on no new route but are simply pursuing the long and healthy tradition of English legislation A OENKllVL IMMINENT Parnell made a speech today which was mainly devoted to showing the urgent necessity of every possible Irishmen in Great Britain npon tho voting register He said a general election might come at any moment GLADSTONE FOtt aDE IRISH Gladstone spoke to a large audience to day ac Lincoln on political situation In discussing the Irishquestion he said tlio hope of Ireland could not bo expected to find realisation through the peers and priv ileged classes Where it looked was to tho generous heart and sympathy tho sense of justice and love of liberty which had ever characterized tho British people He was confident that the people won id declare for Irelands rights at the first opportunity they might have to make their voices BISMARCK APPEALED TO A WOMAN BERLIN May The says that during the Chancellorship crisis to the oxEmpress to in tervene i n his favor and stic replied You know better than any oho must not usepolitical The NEW Bcif ore the Senate domnjittee C Beekman whoin HcGami said had ibeea u large offer to go with Mrs Cinkcr made by LeicesterHolme on behalf of Mayor Grant was the first witness Beekman siid that he and Holme the trip He made no definite oliVr as to the amount to be paid Dr Ueekrnan said he would be unable to go This ended the in quiry Mayor Grants aftairs The commitee then began an investiga tion of the health department Several milk dealers stvurc that health inspectors of milk demanded money for immunity from inspection When the demands were refused the dealers were arrested their milk de stroyed and continually harassed by the A TE3IP1SST IN CANADA A Terrible Row Between the Eng lish and French Canadians May San Francisco Chronicle Great Britain was denounced at a big meet ing of the Montreal Board of Trade today for its action in the New Foundland fishing question Tho board was called to meet Messrs Green Morrison and Powers the Newfoundland delegates now in Canada in connection with the French shore question The Newfoundlanders demand the repeal of the moilus viccndi entered into by Groat ritain mid France without their consent and some time ago appointed a delegation to LniID Caimhi to secure the support of tho Do minion Tindelegation Ims warmly recoivocl in UK Hnirlish provinces but groat hostility Inis hticii nrousod by their mission in lmiich Province of Qtielwo and tins French Hoard ol Triidi piisscd a resolution clmiouucinsr uiy to interfere with Franch rights in Thi Montreal Board of Tnido contains many members uii thiro wiis i lively time at Offal was stronply hnomiml by the Kinrlish members and the French immbers upheld French orio of Montreals prominent wantfii know how Caiiadiiins would fcil if Great iinlian wmv to establish n modiift with tho Amorican Government control of u large portion of our coast to the Americans without There would be sucli a howl of iiulignauon as would convince the imperial Canada was lust to the Hritisli Crown J O Furrcailt president of tiie Board of Trade said that France would not cede one iota of riiilus iu America and there wonlii be war TinKnmchCaiiadiiuiK would mile with Friiue in any trouble A P a lending shipper denounced Creut Britain No country lie said had sulferecl as much as1 Canada Irom Downing street rule Randalls Successor Elected May Vanx was today ciiosen to be Randalls successor a Prohibition candidate only ap pearing against him receiving only votes out ofSiiiJt NOTES FROM THE CAPITAL THE SOUL DJSLJEGATIS PILLED WITH AVOli Tho Supromo Court Decision Will Boom the Cullom AiifclLottory Meas Tariff Hearings LAKE TUIHUNM BUREAU Fourteenth Street V WASHINGTON D May 20 1800 j I met Dulogato Caino and Attorney McDonald in the clerks office this morn ing and both looked nioro solo mil than tbe average English Jove inp rint Even thu dissenting opinions of Fuller Field and Livmar cold comfort Tbe preg nant fact remained that tbe majority of the Court had decided that Con gress bad the right to repeal the churon charter and confiscate its prop erty Equally distressing was the vigorous language iu whichtho Court denounced the church as a contumacious organization wielding by its resources an immense power in the Territory employing these sourcos in constantly attempting to oppose subvert and thwart tbe legislation of Con gress and the will of tho Government of the United States The o Toot of this decision will be power ful in facilitating consideration of the Cul lom bill It supports the statements made by tho advocates of that measure before tbe committee CAIlttlED TO THE SliKATB Tbo defeated smelting lobby proposes to carry their light for free foreign lead into tbe Senate Committeo on Finance They have already applied for a bearing and are cuncentratinR all their energies to secure an amendment to the bill when it comes before the Sonato Senator Plumb of Kansas is particularly active on the Republican side and Senator Ingalls will vote for an arnciid mont of this character on account of ollicial pressure Senator Payne of Ohio is work ing hard on the same liues Senator Teller to whose splendid efforts much of tbe credit for the defeat of tho free lead ores amend inent is due insisted today that tbe West ern delegates should remain and see tbo tight out MOKE TABIBB1 HEARINGS WASHINGTON May Associated The Ways and Moans Committee this morning gave short bearings to representa tives of tho several industries which seek to have amendments made to tbe tariff bill Tbe rnalsters of New York State protest against tbe proposed increase from 10 per cent to30 per cent in tbo duty on barley ANTILOCTEllY BILL Senator Hoar today v Introduced a joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution providing that neither tbo United States nor any State shall pass any law authorizing the establishment ov mainr tainance of any lottery or distribution of prizes by chance TUB B12HRINO SEA POMQY The question of tbo Behring Sea fisheries was considered a I tbe Cabinet meeting and it was decided it is understood to adhere to tho policy of last season which is practi cally tho same as those of previous adminis trations TUB GOVERNn3NT LOAN Stan Corels bill introduced into tbe Senate today for luans on land provides for the establishment of a land loan bureau in the Treasury Department Tho Secretaryof the Treasury is authorized to prepare United States circulating legal ten der notes to be placed to tbe credit of the land loan bureau as needed Any citizen owning u nine umbered agricultural land may to the bureau for a loan to be secured by a lien on the land the loan riot to exceed half the as sessed value of the land no loans to be made upon land loss than S500 in value nor in sums of S2f0 nor for a longer time than twenty the loans to bear interest at tho of per cent per annum payable annually and the may biJ paid at any time in sums of than 25 per cent of the whole amount The Secretary of the Treasury will cancel and retire notes equal to the payments made on loans In case of de fault of interest or principal the chief of the bureau may order a foreclosure in tbeUnitcd States Circuit Court The Package Boom TOPEICA May Tbe dealers in original packages are becoming more bold ToQay some of them hired in which they drove about the the tront seats piled Iilsh with packages of liquor and beer V Theyhalted afc trance to the State House groiinds and offeredtheir goods to officials until State Allen tele phoned for police remove Cut to CHICAGO western railway this mOrji ing botiiwiiys tb OB GREENS ELUCIDATION 4 Western Union Dissection of the tfanamaker Plan SOMETHING ABOUT TELEGRAPH RATES What It Costs to Do the The Governments Relation to Tel Companies and Their Ile liition to the Commerce oi WASHINGTON May Norvin Green President of tho Western Union Telegraph Company appeared today before theHonso CommiUoeon and Post Roads iml was questioned respecting the proposed Government telegraph bill advocated by Wanamakor Tho in quiry us follows Mr Hi Gifun I would like to ask you this question for my own information Can you pivc me in iiny form in your riitos ind tlio spociflcd in tho hill which I you morning which I received yes terdsiv from the 1ostofliw Jilr would he about 00 per of otirs for tho irsl 300 miles For the miles the diDerem would from 20 por cent to f0 most fif it would iro 50 jier cont Mr the set forth in this hill from your knowledge and your enci are rnlosupon their facu which will outail an ahsoliite loss Mr nhsplute loss and that state ment would ho sustained hy nny telu man in tho country Tho hnsinoss would oulv ho done i loss whichwould have to be in somo wny Mr your company hid under the conditions of this bill Mr could not accept the rates Wo would ho doing business at a loss if we ac raios There is no business in tho Uimed Slates lisvt 1 know of that could stand such a reduction of rates Perhaps the most odious monoply in the country is the felphone IMr lire there other than the Western Union Mr Postal Telegraph Company is quite a largo concern They are pushing on to Orleans and to Texas Thoy will ho very soon They arc already at Charleston and Savannah andare at Minneapolis St Paul and Tliev will soon he at Denver and Omaha In addition to that hasa separate system which covers the Pacific Coast States pretty generally Mr that another company isnnother company hut it he IOIILTS to the same man ISlr do your rates compare with the ir rates Mr have agreed with us to main tain rates There is however nothing extraor dinary in that Tho railroads have to do that to keep from going into bankruptcy Kvery manu facturing com in tho country consults its competitors maintaining rates and upon them All the rolling mills have agreed to maintain mid so have the carpet and other manufacturers It is an absolute necessity to pievent destrucfion from wasteful competition Mr axe Mr a great many more com panies My friend Mr Painter has got a little telegraph lino np here in Pennsylvania There r an iiirtopondnnlcmnpimy up in the Adirondacks The great Northwestern of Canada runs over into the United States a considerable distance down to White Hall at the southern end of Luke Champlain and through that country The Can ada Pacific have got a lino from Montreal through New England right up in the maritime provinces nro Severn independent com imiiio out in the West and two or three down in tho South all local concerns hut together they eke out our opposition as wo go everywhere they connect with tho postal and help them out and they cover the whole country with a compe tition Mr Chandlers letter which I wish every mem ber of the committee would road for it is a very clear statement of tho case shows thai it costs his company an average of 26 cents a message to handle its business It costs us cents per message and we can handle tho business cheaper than any other com pan v can handle a small business because we handle n great deal more in the same office and a groal deal more with the same clerks There is a very important matter to my company which I have not taken up be foreand that is the criticism of the Western Union made by the Postmaster General in his annual report I am very anxious to ho henrd before the committee upon this very uniust and unfair The Postmaster General says that he discovered that the Govern ment was paying for services which were ren dered to the public and he would have the President of this country and Congress believe that they have been dreadfully imposed upon and that all his predecessors who were either stupid or connived at building up tho Western Union Telegraph Company whereas in ppint of fact I have exhibits here to show that at the old Gov ernment rate where the Government was charged for what was given to other people free that is the address and signature the gross tolls under that old rate were only about 50 per cent of the tolls to the public Tlisit all comes out in the we have brought against the Govern ment to test the question whether the fixing of rates below the cost of the service is not a con fiscation 01 the property without just com pensation We have made up an ac count for three months and the issue is substantially made up The rates to the pub lic on that account are just twice as much or about twice as much as the rates to the Govern ment for the last year and for the last six years and about four times as much rates fixed by the PostmasterGeneral on the 30th of October last for the present fiscal year which rate by the 500 per cent greater than that contained in his published order of June 30th the rate of one mill per word for all distances Mr bill o provides that the charges for all words in excess of the first twenty words shall be at the rate of 1 cent per word How does that compare with your rates Mr most short distances it is only 50pftf cent of our rate For long distances it is oulv onefifth or 20 per of ourrates As for instance our rate is usually 25 and 02 but for many short distances it is 25 and 01 For trans continental messages it is Jrtid 05 50 and 03 for additional words is our standard rate and 75 and 04 so that the rates ns provided in the bill arc 50 per percent and 20 per cent of our rates for additional words Mr have here sent to me a postal teieiaph scheme which states that the under H Hales Henry Wise Garrctt Walter H Smith Robert Andrews and Tames H Head by these presents and pursuant to and in conformity with he statute apply under the law of the State of Virginia for a charter Do you know anything about them Mr do not know much about them l know Mr Bates very well He was for a long time in the em ploy of my company and after wards in the Baltimore Ohio Company As far as I have been ibin to ascertain tho gentle men who are named ijr thbse articles of incor poration will never build a telegraph line with out help Who their backing is I do not know Mr thought possibly you might know these telegraph want to remind the chairman who is an old member of Congress and probably knows tho fact that this is substantially die same scheme that has been before Congress for twenty years and has been rejected by every Confess which it has come before It is the old Hibhard scheme The PostmasterGeneral now has discovered that he has not as much to start a felegjraph ino with sis lie at llrst thought he had that his clerks and employees would not have telegraph business that they not learn little tick quite so quickly sis he supposed they could that the room m the post offices was not expected it would be The lioor area in our main office employed in our business is more than equsl to two acres vVe Imvfcone floor of square feet and four others 11 200 square feet each which ere necessary to our business and even then wo had to move the commercial aud news business out of the build in into another one which we on Broad street I was in hopes that the committee have accepted my invitation to come to New York and examine our They would more with regard to what it lakes to con stituteu telegraph tf6mpauy3n in snection practical operation of it of the battery of the dynamos to the current of the receiving of the keeping and delivery departments tlmn they could ever learn here Bv the we have reduced thcbookkceprng depatmont to what it used to he Hibhard said1 that made uoim in if for That shows hbw little he ThePostmastcrGcrierals scheme xniprac ticable as countryman when he found a tarbucket and lxftdto buy awagon und team to make it of any use to him Hehas backed entirely out of adopted Hubbard scheme of contracting with a new company that was tho original scheme of tho Xational lole Company He wanted Congress 10 charter it and give him a contract and he has boon ham mering on that 3or years but a nas boon rejected by every Congress to which it lias been presented There is other thing Mr Chairman to which 1 desire to call attention While nil the European Government own and operate Uieteio there is not a Government in Europe sra over established a telegraph in competition with Thero is not a Government in Europe that over established a telegraph without buying all the existing properties ai a fair price where weru any vo buy There is not a statesman in Europe that would not sneer at tho in1utico of the Government going into a noss a eommercia 1 business The Supremo court of the United States by Chief Justice aite has declared that the is commerce itself and that it boars tho same relation to it thut railroads do not carrying the property m fact but tin duplicate of it and that it is essentially an adjunct of it and yet the ment proposes to go into a commercial miMnos und give its patronage and its 10 a competing company of largely invested capital to protect which I insist under tho ad of INSO tho good faith of the Government is pledged More than fourflfths of tho telegraph properties have boon created since that act was passed There are a number of other things and somo most outrageous misrepresentations I want to correct J am very anxious to be hoard I will bo at Washington any dy tho committee will namo l have got tho record of proofs 1 have got tho orig inal net establishing ihu overland telegraph to California It has boon stated to this committee that there was an appropriation of Congress suf liciont to build the lino whereas it was must att vantagoons for the Government and but man in this whole Unhcd Suites would put a dollar into it 1 was solicited but did not take a shareof it It was an appropriation of forty thousand dollars a vear for ton years and the Government to have tho free use of it for all business for which they wanted it It was at iho beginning of the war and for some years tho Government got full benotit and the full return for all the money they paid besides having the great benefit ot tele graph communication in advance of any railroad through a wild and open countrv whoro 1 did not suppose a lino could have boon mainlined Now those are tho simple facts Instead of being onough to build tho line it not ono quartor enough to maintain it This groat turn of all the holograph lines ownoil by thu Government at tin end of tho has boon rep resented to you to have boon done at a cost ol when in fact that was the whole cost of tho Government telegraph system from the beginning of the war to the end with Mb em plovoes at a salary Tho amount of tho linos built was pretty largo but many of them wore torn down the next day Thoy woro run up to a mileage und torn away when the army moved so that very little was left to turn over to iinvbody Tho Government appropriated and used our linos not tho Western Union s because the Western Union had not oven reached Isew York and did not come to Philadelphia Mr The hour for adjournment has now arrived we will try to got our committee to gether for you at somo day Mr 1 would liko to present these docu ments as proofs Hero was a big consideration given the Government for tho property that the Southwest Washington and Now Orleans got and it was a vory aclvantngous settlement I think for the PRESBYTERIAN FINANCES FUNDS inSD FOB INSTITUTIONS O1T LEAJIN1NG Only Those Out of Debt Will Bo Tito Charges tlio Publication Proceedings SARATOGA N May the Pres byterian generalassembly this morning the Board of Home Missions presented its annual report II showed that the total receipts were or less than asked for The need of money nnd mou is increased by tho great recent activity in railroad building muHi plyiug new soUIcmcnts that must have the pospol early Oregon Washington tho Dakota s Mon tana California ami Nevada all for help Tho Presbyterian Thflolocical Seminary in San Francisco has onertl to it a fine si to nnd of additional endowment if can b raised outside This would soon give us a supply or ministers for churches that now cannot got them and would lift many weak churches to selfsupport In the Southern and Middle West ern States there is a growing and great need Jicv Edwin Walker of South Dakota ami others spokoto effeol that this of debt need not stagger the church It ought to he paid off in three months Dr In gal Is said the great increase of outlay for city evangelization inrecent years accounted for much of the deficit There is scarcely any work so much needed or so fruitful as this com paratively new city work The recommendations of tho board were passed also the recommendation in favor of special contributions for the debt m both churches a ml Sun day schools tl The annual reportof tho Board of Aid for Col and Academies shows that last year the re ceipts wore of which were from legacies The Board means to help only meri torious and needed schools Its policy is to have debt many of the aided institutions have had large debts We mean that hereafter freedom from debt shall be a condition of receiv Hereafter every dollar Riven in church contributions go for current expenses and wages of nnd not to float mortgages The report was adopted The hour having come for discussion of the report of the Special Committee on Publications Kldcr Graham of Philadelphia speakin for the Business Committee of the Hoard of Publication said that it had not been properly and seasona bly notified of the charges made against it and therefore offered a resolution that both reports he referred to a commission to report to the next Genera Assembly The motion was laid on the table until Mr Simmons of the special committee had an op portunity to explain the charges He showed how the Committee obeyed the instructions of the general assembly It tried to consult with the Business Committee and if possible agree with it in a joint report It failed to get a meet ing however and was obliged to go home Dur conference that was had several members Business Committee professed ina bility to answer iu detail important questions A majority of the special committee was willing to submit to the Assembly only recommendations suppressing the facts on which they were hnsed We can prove every statement we have made by authentic bids from responsible parties paying union on all work and leaving a good for profit We have seventy letters from complain ing of the management of the publishing board We have no attack to make on the Business Com mittee as men but simply give informaLion on which the Assembly can decide whether the pub lishing shall be put on a pnoper basis or asburceof irritation and disciedit The discus sion will be resumed tomorrow THE BOARDS OF HEALTH Resolutions on Leprosy and the Pre seatatioii of Toasts May the Na tional Conference of the State Board of Health today Dr P H Brycc of Canada read a paper on the preservation of our forests as a National sanitary measure Resolutionswere adopted that recognizing tbe wellknown evils resulting from tbe re cent disastrous floods and destructive cyclones due inagreat measure to the cutting down of forest trees this conference desires most earnestly to bring these evils to the attention of the Federal Govern and urging such measures as to prevent fur ther destruction and also to plant trees on waste lands to be gradually replanted Dr Benjamin offered tbe following resolution which wis adopted That all State and local Boards of Health shall keep all cases of leprosy existing in their resoective districts under surveillance and should require physicians tc report all cases which come to their notice PRICE FIVE CEKTS N THE FIELD OF SPORT Dixon in Training for His Fight SLAYINS CHALLENGE TO THE WORLD He Will Fight Sullivan Kllrain or Book Makers Slujc ftinp Match Jockey Fishburn Badly Hurt May TIUBUXE San Francisco Chronicle Dixon tho colored bantam champion of America who is to light Punc Wallace at tho Pelican Club on Juno 27th left for his training quarters at Oaklmm today Lord Lousdalo has placed at Dixons disposal his beautiful mansion at that place Betting is slightly in favor of Wallace Dixon will have tho services of Willis tho lad who fought Wallace over one hundred rounds after his hand had boon broken in the fortieth round Up to tho present moment Wallace never boon defeated with knuckles but has nccn very nnlncky in contests for points Tho fight at the Polican Club is for a purse of anu will bo thirty rounds for points with four ounce gloves SljAVIX BARS NO ONTC NKW YOHK May TmuuKB Dls San Krancisco Chronicle The following was received at the Gazette ortlRO yesterday Frank P Slaviii is disgusted at Corbetts refusal to light in the Pelican Club for a purse of Ho has decided to make no exception He oiial leives Sullivan Kilrain or any nian in America to fight for in tho Club or ho will arrange a matoa with Sullivan for aside tho PoliM Ga zette chmpion belt and tho championship of the world to light in six months on tho Con tinent and allow the Americanchampion his expenses Races May 20 TnroaNB Dispatch San Francisco Chronicle Quito a sensation was aroused in turf circles when ir was ascertained that Bookmaker one of George Wheelocks part ners and whoso reputed wealth is said to bo and OO West a wollknnwu trainer of horses had indulged in a fist light in the betting ring Tho men des perately for several minutes whoa thoy wern separated The alVair grow out of Hutchison paying a winning marker to West in Si bills Tho former objected to a settlement in such a wny using strong language Fishbnrn the wellknown jockey was hurt worse than was at iirst supposed by tho colt Sir Kslanet running into tho fence with him in the last race Saturday and it is now feared that ho will bo an absentee from tho saddle for some time his side being badly hurt The assistant starter who was run over in tho same race is out of danger out will not bo able to bo at his post for several weeks YESTERDAY 8 HACKS GBAVESEKD N May Fiveeighths of a mileCivil Service Rock second ChicfUan third Time I Threefourths of a niiloScrronto won Phiitm der second Carnegie third Timo KivcMiglulis of at Correction won Lima second Rometta third Time and a sixteonthEno won Castaway II second others withcjnuvu Time Fivftcighilis of a Kviingolinc won Servi tor second Woodcutter tliinl Time Milonml a Goidan lieu won o second lycmpland and Lotion a dead beat Tims AT LODIBVTLUS May and hundred yards Castaway won Clamor second Mary u third Time Brookful won Semaphore second Moro fieVls third Time Mile und in Glockner won JoJo ond Hypocrite third Time Miller won Silver king second Ell IliUf General Caldwell won Laura second Consolation third Time 52J4 The Baseball Games CHICAGO Mav The Brotherhood games at Now York and lioston the National Brooklyn and Boston and nil the American games were postponed on account of rain AT PniLADUwnrA May pitched great ball for tho Philadelphia League club ilns noon holding Chicago down to three hits At tendance boo fhicairo I t Philadelphia 0103101 HitsChicago S Philadelphia 13 Chicaeo 3 Philadelphia 4 ijatteriesSullivan and Kasle Gleasou and Clements Umpire McQuade local Brotherhood PniLADELpniA team won todays prune by bunching their bits in the first two innings Attendance a o o o 010 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 03 4 Cleveland 5 Philadelphia 1 Cleveland 1 BaUeriesSandcrs ind SlnTBakcly and Suteliffc Umpires Gunning and Matthews A BROOKLYN Mny Only eiphty people went to the Brotherhood hall rounds thU afternoon to see the tenm defeat Buftuio 2 38 Insanely Jealous PHILADELPHIA May Mar quardt anartist this evening raorderliis wife Fredcrica by shooting her shortly dently from tbe poison hebad taken Mrs Marquardt aepartauent of store and has separated from her Husband several times on account of his insane1 jealousy This evenirigprigoing homelie was waiting intherooni andopenedfire as soon as slie wounding in the face and st Clinton AT the woundi recei ved ai f c w the A l JO o o HitsHrooklyn 15 Buffalo H Brooklyn 6 Buffalo 11 Matter csSowders and CoS Person and Mack UmpiresFerguson and Holbert A SAN FRANCISCO Citizen Train Declares He Must Save That City NEW YORK May TJUTBUXE Dispatch Francisco Clironiclo San Francisco needs me and Im going These were the words with which George Francis Train greeted your correspondent yesterday He was holding a levee in the parlor of the Continental Hotel sitting on a lounge with a little girl on each knee and a dozen more about him On his coat lapel he wore a bunch of lilacs as large surb is curly bead which was crowned with a Turkish fGZ Sau Francisco needs to be pulled out of the Lole Shall I save her or let her go to smash tbe matter with San Francisco asked tbe amused Too old too old too respectable piles of money great nabobs Nob Hill aristocracy truck stuff noblood she needs Wood something to make her brain go Give nwavyour ducaw and get blood Chats what makes the heart beat ull it bursts like a bomb Blood Tnakes love children all pretty Rave YOU got any pretty girls there ThV correspondent there nrettv ones anywhere V Then tell thorn to leave ship them on the big steamers to iTacpma Theyll find men up there See here Ill give you a and train pulled out his pocketbook tore out leaf and wrote these words TRATNS RKSPECTS TO THE Gate of gold rubbish Pools water sand sand sand People Dennis Kearney Wait till the citizen gets AYhiaz barip Outgo the money take said Xram iT uauj There take said Xram pie that smash is coming Ill be The interviewended with the presentation these lines but we Awaited oh crowd for hear Tram there were no hewspa differonce groat eay doing since bo most ordinary one o
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