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Broad Ax, The (Newspaper) - April 4, 1896, Salt Lake City, Utah OUR GOVERNMENT is ON THE CONSENT OF JEFFERSON. "THE QUALITY OF LIBERTY WE POSSESS is EQUAL TO THE QUANTITY OF RESTRAINT' WE Pur UPON THE GOVERN-' MENT." HEW TO THE LINE. VOL I. SALT LAKE CHY, UTAH, APBIL 4, 1896. THOMAS JEFFERSON. T1Il SAINT OF DEMOCRACY. Os 2, 1743, one hundred and three years ago, in Shad- Vlheraarl county, Virginia, Jefferson was born. No mail i'i country ever contrib- uted more to the planting and es- tabh-hmriit of free popular govern- in nt tl an did Thomas Jefferson. Inheriting from a noble ancestor the triit -pint of liberty and inde- upiidem f, lie became a strong and leader of the little band of freemen, who at last 111 tins glorious land of equal- it) wlncfi are now enjoying. .Jtffer-on first appeared in public lift at tlie age of twenty-six, being t'icn iUte.l to the Virginia Legis- lat ire, where he at once espoused the c-an-e of freedom, when and an opportunity offered. Here it was that he introduced a on! looking to the emancipation of the slave-., and was always found supporting anv measure which tended to better their condition. He n mamed a member of the Vir giLia Legislature until the begin- uiiis uf the Revolutionary War, when he became one of the leading spirits in forming and establishing tje immortal principles of our free goteruiupiit. During the eventful period preceding the Declaration of Independence from England, Jeffer- son was an earnest supporter and adiuiate of separation, and was a niemljqr of the first Continental Congres-, after which he served two year- as Governor of Virginia, dur- ing whuli time he exhausted his fortune in personal contri- butions to the regiments from Vir- gm'a and others then fighting the battles of the Revolution. He was again returned to Congress, and as chairman of the committee on tina'icc introduced the decimal cur- reiuy now m use in this country At the tloie of the war he was sent as minister to France, where he until called by Washing- ton to he Secretary of State, which portion he filled until 1794, when he his cabinet position. I'uri-ig the time of his cabinet poMtior, he and the secretary of the treasmy, Alexander Hamilton. became much embittered on account ot their divergent views. Hamilton being an extreme Feder- a'ist, and Jefferson an enthusiastic Demon at, their incompatible ten- dencies led them to differ on almost every question of importance. being such an ardent sup- porter of the republic that he de- dared That the republican is the form of government that is lot robbery and violence organ- iie became astonished and to hear Hamilton, Knox and others, in the cabinet and else- where, express a distrust for the People, and favor the the republic as a temporary coudi- only, with an intent to gradually strengthen the govern- ment by gliding into a constitu- tional aristocracy. Thus the qnes- t'ou of the expediency of the peo- ple to govern themselves, became the political issue, and the presi- dential contest in 1796, ketween Johu Adams and Jefferson, was on these lines; Adams, Fed- "alist, receiving 71 electoral votes, Jefferson 68 votes, which, nn- the law at that time, made Jef- ferson vice-president. In 1800 he chosen president by the Home of Representatives, having defeated Adams- He received tie vote Aaron Burr, who became his No. 32. first vice-president. His second election was almost unanimous, he receiving over ninety-two per cent, of the electoral votes After eight years of service as chief executive, he retired a poor man, to his home at Monticello, where he lived in privacy, spending the greater part of his declining years in building up a system of education for the benefit of all the children of the State of Virginia. He died on the Fourth day of July, 1826, in his eighty-fourth year, and was buried in his own graveyard, beneath a simple stone, bearing an inscrip- tion prepared by his own hand. In an article like this it is impos- sible to mention all the achieve- ments and public service that gar- land the name of Jefferson, and endears him to the hearts of the American people. His authorship of the Declaration of Independ- ence, places him on the highest pinnacle of patriotism, and accords to him the honor of being the greatest defender of human rights and personal liberty that has everg graced the es- cutcheon of illustrious Americans. He had no admiration for kings and aristocrats. His efforts to prevent the permanency of a land- ed aristocracy were crowned with success when he accomplished the overthrow, in Virginia, of the law of primogeniture and entail, so that all property was held in fee simple, and could be sold for debt. He was an earnest opponent of the union of church and state, and suc- ceeded in the passage of a law en- titled, "An Act for Establishing Religious Freedom." This act has been regarded as one of the greatest triumphs of free government over the religious preju- dices of the old world, and paved the way to the religious freedom we now enjoy. One of his favorite expressions on this subject was: "Government has nothing to do with opinion. Compulsion makes hypocrites, not cou verts." Jefferson, through his negotia- tions with Napoleon, made the most valuable acquisition to the wealth and prosperity of the United States that has ever been made in our history, by the Louisiana pur- chass, not only by getting the ownership of the most fertile tract of land in the Union, but thereby we obtained a free and unobstruct- ed use of the great Mississippi river, giving the Middle and West- ern States a commercial advantage which has made them populous and prosperous. Jeffersom might well be called the "plebian he was plain and simple in bis man- ner, and disliked all show of roy- alty. It said tnat wnen ne was inaugurated president the first time, he rode to the capital on horseback all by himself, hitching his mare to a post, walked into the building, took the oath of office, and returning, rode away to his own apartments without waiting for congratulations or ceremonies of any kind. His great popularity and strength with his countrymen, was his devotion and friendship for the common people, in whom he had the utmost confidence. While in France as minister from this country, he would frequently enter the home, of the peasants, convene with them and eat of their -lain fare in order to know tiefr toroTcondition. Thus we see, that h? nature and training, thtt great naturally became the patron saint and father of the Democratic party. In his untiring opposition to kings, aristocrats and Federalists, he grew to be the champion of lib- erty and human rights for all the people, and at that day as the head of that principle of local self- government, which distinguishes the Democratic party from all others, even down to the preient time. The opposition to the prin- ciples of Democracy, beginning with the Federalists, bus assumed many political masks, and iuviting names, but it still lingers as a hid- den foe, ready at a favorable mo- ment to strive to give the people what they term "a stronger govern- ment." Indeed, it would seem that this anti-Jeffersonian spirit has in some degree entered into the very body of the old Democratic party, and like a malarious poison is iu- fecting many with the disease of "sound an "honest dol- and a "strong financial sys- tem." Were Thomas Jefferson alive to- day, his logical voice and trenchant pen would speak in the strongest language against the usurpation of power by the wealthy classes, in the robbing of the people of that money of the Constitution, which he through years of struggle and toil did so much to establish and ordain. Yet, we have in our midst those claiming the mantle of the "sage of who are seek- ing to tear down the very principles promulgated by Jefferson and his co-patriots. "Verily, it is not every one who saith Lord, Lord, shall enter into the Kingdom of Heaven." This is an appropriate time to remember and cherish the example and precepts of this great tj pical American and founder of the Democratic party. His spirit should stir again the impulses of the people, that they zealously guard the tem- ple of liberty, and allow no invid- ious enemy to take from us by in- trigue what is so dear to every true freedom and inde- pendence. The spirit of liberty and the bond of union was not invented, or cre- ated by fiat, but grew up as a tree under the fostering 'hand of such men as Thomas Jefferson. They transmitted the priceless boon to us; and, by a natural law we must send it down to posterity, a boon or a bane. As an affectionate child watches by the bedside of a dying parent, and never gives up hope while a spark of life remains, so should we stand by the glorious principles of Jefferson, and devote our best energies, even life, to save them. What is the worth of the bare walls and deserted chambers of a rained temple? Let us hope that the dawn is near for the return of that prosperous period which marked the adminis- tration of Jefferson, the plain old farmer Democrat, and lover of equality, liberty and justice. If we cauld have a revival of Jeffersonian- ism throughout land, then we need not fear disaster to the ship of state, and the motto of "E which was se- lepted and proposed by Jefferson, would remain untarnished and un- broken for generations yet to come- Unity Hall, 28 west, Third South street. Services at 11 o'clock a. n., Sunday. Rev. A. L. Hudson, Pas- tor. The Lesser and the Larger Hope. Special services of con- secration for the young. THE great consolidated circus and aggregation of reform law makers, better known as the Re- publican reform Legislature of the State of Utah, will expire today from old age and starvation. The majority in both houses have run j the machine to suit the g o. p., we suppose; but when the people of the State get a chance at these fellows, every one of them will see stars before he gets re-elected. Later, on the Broad Ax will show up the frailties of the majority. We are proud of the consistent and honor- able course of the Democratic mi- nority; they have a clean record. _____' PROFESSIONAL. Sole agents for Youman'B New York Leader We also carry Stetson's and other fine hata. Mercantile Co. IBS Btrwt. HATS, CAPS GENTS' FURX1SHINGS. cr Cul Go. "am Office and Yard near RA Y VAN COTT, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. 507 McCornick Block, SALT LAKE CITY. POWERS, STRAUP AND Attorneys and Counselors. EAGLE BLOCK, SALT LAKE CITY. Rooms 25-27 Hooper Block. J. L RAWLINS. B. fi. CR1TCHLOW. S. W. STEWART. C. B. STEWART. S IE WART STEWART gMtarnftysi at Hfnw, 317 McCornick Block, Salt Lake City. EUGENB LEWIS, at f 117 Commercial Block, Salt Lake City. Real Estate Loans R. N. BASK1N. E. D. HOGE. RASKIN HOGE, 172 S. Main, over Joslin Park. Sidney W. Oarke John B Anderson Darke Anderson, ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW. Rooms, 63 4-7 Hooper Block, Salt Lake City, Utah. JAMES A WILLIAMS, Attorney-at-Law, 404-405 PROGRESS BUILDING. J.DININNY, Commercial Block, Salt Lake City, Utah A. W. CllERRY. J. W. CHERRY. CHERRY CHERRY, LAWYERS, Rooms 9 and 10, Walker Bros. Bank Bldg., SALI LAKE CITY. A. J. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. 2406 Washington Ave., Ogden, Utah. THCRMAN WEDGEWOOD, First National Building, PfcOVO. UTAH. SAMUEL A. KING, First National Bank Building, PBOVO, UTAH. ALL KINDS. Thp Spriirifv I IIG OCUUilll niCOBPOBATZD J Capital, Office under Deseret Nations' Bank TELEPHONE NO. 142. CONHAIM CLOTHING CO. Constantly keeps TAILOR HUE CLOTWIIC, on hand a full FimsHIIIC line of COODS.HATS.EIC. 205-207 Main Street and 9. 10 E. 2nd South St. S Wholesalers and Retailers of Whiskies, Wine, Cigars, ETC. 213 SOUTH MAIN STREET, SALT LAKg CITY, UTAH. ZANE COSTIGAN, ATTORNEYS ANDCOUNSFI.LOKS AT-LAW. Deseret National Bank Bldg. DICKSQN, ELLIS ELLIS, ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW. Rooms 512 to 515 Progress Building. Utah Mining Bureau. 46 E Second South St Salt Lake MINES BOUGHT AND SOLD. Careful examinations made of mining properties Reliable reports made Mercur property a specialty. I3TLANTIC TEA CO., H C MONTEB, PBOP. FOB CHASE SANBORN'S Teas, Coffees, Spices Extracts I. TOT KEST STREET, H J Utah Poultry and Produce Commission Co. 108 W. FIRST SOUTH ST., M.T LAKE CITY, UTAH. L PB1OE, Manager Directors. -John Henry Smith, Hober J Grunt, F G ant, B. F Gr.nl, tfatluui Se..i. GRANT SOAP CO. OFF CE AXO FMTOIY, 761 TO 761 S 3io War ST. M, nufacturers of High Grade Laundry and Toilet SPECIALTIES BEE H1VK, ELECTRIC ond 5c LAUNDRY. Bpr E TOILST FLOATING- COMMERCIAL BAR J F GRANT, MANACCR SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. Telephone 27. Manufacturer of Pure Ice Cream, Water', Ices, Candies, Home-Made Bread and Cakes. 266 S. MAIN ST. SALT LAKE CITY. R, K. Thomas Dry Goods, FREDG.LYN6BERG Illl I now have In my employ a nrflt-ciutto practical Optician Am better prepared than heretofore to grind and fit glasses to eolt the sight. EYES TESTED FREE. 1TW t WV4W Jeweler and Optician, I. WTAii 2tt Main SL Salt Lake City Mrs. Anna Macon. [Artistic Hair Dresser. Shampooing) and straightening a specialty. 42 E V I First South St., up stairs, room 5. J Hair dressing done at private SHOES Why cot bny the best there IB for the money on the market. ROBINSON BROS.. The Bnllden, manufacture them. 36 W. FIB8T SOUTH BT. SALT LAKE Cm. BUYING Wiscomb Co ttmocmms. The heat place for Family Supplies. 58 E. FIRST SOUTH ST. T PTPUDn'MT I 1, rltiEFUJN 1 PM] m DULKS n CO AIi at, 40 E. SECOND SOUTH ST. o -Telephone 671 o Washington Market 313 Main St.. Salt Lake City, DAY, ROWE Co., Props., Dealers in Meats, Groceries, Fish, Poul- try and Provisions. J. Ad. KROGH, BOOT AHD SHOE MAKES. Second Band Show- BcpabUw HoUf Drmr tot Stfe. tow 106 E. Second South, Salt Lake City M. P. WELLS, FINE TAILORING. 140 Main Street. Grocer. OYSTERS, FISH AND GAME. Imported Cheese, Fancy Fruits, 8 E. FIRST SOUTH ST. Telephone 18 FURNITURE CARPETS And Upholstery Goods, etc. and Baby Best Goods and Best Prices. 11 AND 13 MAIN STREET, SALT LAKE CITY. "What are jou going to do about "About "Why, about the Bicjcle you are going to buy ''I am going to do just what every sen- sible person does, go to Browning Bros., 156 Alain St, and buy a Rambler. It's good form to nde a Rambler and, be- sides, there is some satisfaction in know- ing that you have got thr best that monty can buy. I want a wheel that I can rely on and one that I know is worthy the confidence 1 place in it." Adolph H-iiierbach, PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER. 170 State St, Salt Lake City. Satisfaction Guaranteed SALT LAKE CLEANING CO. PAUL SMITH, Proprietor. Clothes Cleaned ana Pressed at 85 cents par month. Pants Pressed 25 cents. Pants Dyed f 1. Ladies' clothes Cleaned and Dyed. Repair- ing neatlv done. 279 South Main Street, under St. Elmo. In Oil Painting and Art Needle Work OIL PAINTINGS FOR SALE, BY J. p. Jaylor, Student of the Chicago Art Institute. Studio No. 710 Main at FOR EXCHANGE. A New Organ for a Team of Honet; most be wdl matched and weigh 2600 Ibt. Addiex, JTOICT F. Main Street.
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