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Ogden Standard Examiner Newspaper Archive: May 8, 1945 - Page 1

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   Ogden Standard-Examiner (Newspaper) - May 8, 1945, Ogden, Utah                                TrumanProclaims Victory Over Germans in Europe Beventy-fifth 289 OGDEN CITY, UTAH, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 8, 1945 FINAL EDITION V-E Upsets Japs As Yanks Gain In Pacific Fight Utahns Restrain Celebrations, War Plants Hum By United Press V-E observances in Utah today were devoted primarily to thanks- giving that the war in Europe was Tokyo Fears Russia Soon Will Enter Conflict With Allies By Associated Press the promise of huge reinforcements in men and material from Europe, allied! ground forces reported slow but steady gains on every Pacific front today except on _. over. Celebrations were restrained erratic Cllina battlegrounds, and tempered with the knowledge Allied commanders fighting Ja- j that sti11 another formidable pan generally greeted V-E dav to be 7- whipped before complete victory with quiet satisfaction, while was Won Tokyo's warriors over possible en- j Gov. Herbert B. Maw proclaimed trance of the Soviet Union into the j the day a holiday and most busi- Pacific war were heightened. "ess house? and, industries, with _ T. the exception of war industries, General Jiro Mmami, head of remained closed for the day. Japan's totalitarian party, told the Activity at war plants contin- Nips that defeat of Germany left i ued to hum. Military establish- them nothing "to think about but i merits also continued to operate. how to Military personnel were confined Tokyo Airfield Raided posts for 12 hours follow- i ing the formal announcement. Tokyo reported Iwo Jima based r r-i j Mustang lighters raided the Tokyo i Stores closcd airfield as about 50 Superforts con- State liquor stores and beer tav- neutralizing raids on suicide i erns were closed. Liquor stores reported brisk buying yesterday, but not to the extent to indicate an all-out celebration today. Most churches throughout ffce state held or planned to hold spe- lir bases in southern Japan. Bomb- ;rs ranging down the China coast and up to Tokyo sank five sizable Jap ships and damaged six others. U. S. Tenth army forces made general advances on Okinawa where j cial thanksgiving services through- they have killed 36.535 enemy sol- out the day. diers since they invaded the step- ping stone island 325 rniles south of Japan April 1. Borneo Within Range Several cities celebrated V-E day, at least in part, yesterday after the premature announcement of the end of hostilities. The state- wide observance, however, defi- Allsed planes began operating nitely was today. from the captured 4600-foot air- In proclaiming a holiday, Maw field on Tarakan, bringing every i said it was the purpose of "afford- corner of oil-rich Borneo within ing the people of Utah a respite their range. Australian infantry- from their business and labors to men and Dutch colonials came I praise and thanks to Al- within a mile and a half of com- mighty God for our glorious suc- pleting their drive across Tarakan cesses at war and in the hours of step in the recon- such meditation and gratitude to quest of Borneo. I pray for an early final triumph." In the strangest battle in the Tne governor said in a statement the U. S. Forty-first accompanying the proclamation: annihilated 800 grounded "This milestone in our march airmen trapped on the Zam- toward world security should in- boanga peninsula of Mindanao. sPire us to greater efforts for we They had fled from New Guinea have discovered what great things (Continued on Page Thirteen! 'Column United ents WAE'S END HAILED IN N. Y. Word that the war in Europe was at an end brought this horde of happy humanity to New York's Times Square. You're looking north from Forty-fourth street, up ___ Broadway (upper left) and Seventh avenue (upper For News Beat PARIS, May 8 Supreme allied headquarters today enforced disciplinary action against Edward Kennedy, chief of Associated Press correspondents on the western front, for filing an unauthorized dispatch describing the German surrender at Reims. Kennedy was one of seven American correspond- peoples can accomplish. Logan observed the day and Mayor William Evans, Jr.. said there would be no further public (Continued on Page Thirteen) (Column Fouri supreme 48-Hour Week to Soon Be 'Loosened' _What wild alarms and what be-1 wilderment must have possessed i people as__they went V-E with week will be suspended WASHINGTON Mav 8 unconditional surrender. Up to a few weeks ago they were told that their enemies be mastered and put to would rout. Secret weapons were still in the fir, to give them victory. Then came the sh'atteilng dis- closures of a war lost. It was as though the bottom had and areas where has ''loosened up, it was learned today _ from the war manpower commission. had vanished. ___ The German people today are left wondering whether tney will ever recover from the. awful tragedy which has overtaken them At the same time WMC will probably lift controls on workers who are-frozen" to their present jobs. Already such controls have been lifted on woman workers in northern Indiana and otner scat- tered areas throughout the country It -is expected that within the next six months 000 fallen out and even hope itself workers will be forced out of i___... (jo. Millions of their soldiers are fac- ing despair; millions of them do not know if they have a home to go to.__________ Wives are weeping and chil- dren are on the verge of hysterics. The nation is in sackcloth and The offending is being atoned for in endless retribution. I am wondering how the mil- lions are to be succored in this hour of -agony. No one could wish them more f misery. 'Sunday David S. Tracy cele- brated his 93rd birthday. war jobs because of TutbackT irT war production programs. During the same time WMC anticipates war veterans will join the labor force To meet this situation U S em- ployment service, now operating under WMC, is expanding Us num? ber of ofnces from to 2 103 to meet the job needs of return- ing servicemen and unemployed workers. The Weather warm cloudy and this afternoon with thunder show- ers over southwest and west-central portion, clearing: tonight; Wednes- day continued warm with afternoon thunder showers. Temperatures was He according to his statement, _ the first white child born Within the city limits of Ogden. Among the events of his younger days, he recalls the surprising visit of a dozen Sioux warriors, on a raid, when he was a section foreman at Devils Slide in Echo canyon in 1874. Ht had a Chinese crew of ten (Continued on Page Thirteen) (Column Two) Ogden m. today.) Max.Mir. i 47 Omaha at Max.Min. ----64 40 Albuquerque 78 53 Phoenix S5 60 Atlanta .....77 Pocatello.....74 !o Bismarck ...43 22! Portland "si 48 Boise ........76 45'Provo 77 o? Butte .......54 sii5en? Igs 68 32 .76 47 io 69 55 50 74 44 Los Angeles 67 551 St. LouU Minneapolis .56 30 Seattle 77 New Orleans New York ..64 50' Washington" 77 ..69 headquarters to Reims to witness the capitulation. He alone sent out a Reims dispatch yesterday despite a group pledge on the part of the correspondents that their copy would not be released for publica- tion until authorized by supreme j ing from the south utterly defeated headquarters. Such authorization the Germans by land, sea and air. did not come until today.. j "This unconditional surrender Although the original action has been achieved by .......teamwork not only among all the allies' participating, but among all the services, land, sea and air. "To every subordinate that has been in this command of almost allies I owe a gratitude that can never be repaid. The only repayment that can be made to inem is the deep appreciation and lasting gratitude of all free citizens all united nations." A supreme headquarters com- munique, possibly the last one of tne war, said Eisenhower's forces Plans Fulfilled. Says Eisenhower PARIS, May 8 headquarters released a statement by General Dwight D. Eisenhower after the signing of the surrender document at his headquarters. He said: "In January, 1943, the late Presi- dent Roosevelt and Premier Churchill announced the formula of unconditional surrender of the axis powers. "In Europe that formula has now force, Tasslgny, been fulfilled. The allied force which, invaded Europe on June 6, 1944, has with its great Russian allies and with the forces advanc- against the AP suspended all its filing privileges throughout the Eu- ropean theatre, this order later was amended to apply only to Kennedy. Fifty-nine of Kennedy's col- leagues, assigned to SHAEF, signed a letter to General Dwight D. Eis- enhower today, describing Ken- nedy's action as the "most disgrace- ful, deliberate and unethical double cross in the history of journalism." The correspondents asked Eisen- hower to reinstate his suspension of the facilities of the AP in the Eu- ropean theatre, but the general re- jected this request, explaining that any decision to punish, an entire American organization would have to come from the war department. Churchill Tells World Germans Sign Surrender Nazi Admiral Doeiiitz Says Hitlerites Will Lay Down Arms LONDON, May 8 The allies proclaimed today the unconditional surrender of Germany. Prime Minister Churchill told the world the Germans had signed the un- conditional surrender of all their land, sea and air forces in Europe at two forty-one a. m. Monday. Allied radios flashed orders to all German and German-controlled ships at sea to go to the nearest ports and await further orders. Churchill said hostilities would cease at twelve-one a.m. May 9, p.m. mountain war time, and the unconditional sur- render will be "ratified and con- firmed at Berlin.'-' Grand Adml. Doenitz broadcast to the German people previously that all arms would be laid down by eleven p.m. German time. (Britain' Is" on double summer day- light time, making the time mid- night Gen. De Gaulle told the French people "the war is won" and the "victory of the allied nations is the victory of France." Moscow Radio Silent Supreme headquarters dispatches made it clear the surrender was to all the allies, but the Moscow ra- dio was silent even after Truman and Churchill had spoken. There had been general expectation that Stalin would speak simultaneously. Churchill, officially bearing out yesterday's dispatch of Edward Kennedy of The Associated Press, said the German capitulation oc- curred at Gen. Eisenhower's head- quarters at Reims at two forty-one a.m. Monday. The capitulation was made sim- ultaneously to the allies and the Soviet high command, with Gen. Jodl, representative of the Ger- man high command and of Doenitz, signing the pact for Germany. Churchill said, "this agreement will be ratified and con- firmed at Berlin, where Air Chief Marshal Tedder, deputy supreme commander of the allied expedi- will sign on behalf of Gen. Eisen- hower." Still Resist Soviets He said the Germans are "still in places resisting the but added that if resistance con- tinued after midnight "they will of course deprive themselves of the protection of the laws of war and will be attacked from all quarters by the allied troops." He said it was not surprising ONLY HALF-WON" President Truman today pro- claimed victory in Europe, but told the nation its fighting job would be finished only "when the last Jap division has surrendered uncon- ditionally." He said, "Our victory is only half-won." He gave this counsel for the months to come: "Work, work, work." He gave this advice to the Japs: Surrender. the president said, "is a sol- emn but glorious hour." He voiced the thought of millions by adding: "How I wish Franklin Roosevelt had lived to see this day." The president reminded the nation in its flush victory that it had not been fighting alone. And he proclaimed Sunday, May 13, a day of prayer. Czech-Nazis End Fighting-, c5 Russ Capture Dresden LONDON, May 8 radio an- nounced tonight that a "cease fire" order had been issued in Prague and its vicinity upon agreement between the that high commands command of the should German not be obeyed immediately because of dis- organization. But he added immediately as a result of information furnished by should not pre- vent "us from celebrating today Men Involved in War Czech and German commanders. Marshal Stalin announced the capture of Dresden, capital of Saxony, as the dying German grip slowly relaxed on the southern German pocket while allied Europe celebrated V-E day. The Czech broadcast said the cease fire order was issued at WASHINGTON, May 8 seven twenty-five p. m. (.eleven V-E day ends six years of titanic! twenty-five a. m., Mountain war combat involving as many as time.) men. Fall of Olmuetz The war department estimated, shortly befOre. Marshal Stalin today that the allies at their peak announced the fall of Olmuetz. a of supremacy had men rail center 128 rniles east of the under arms, including un- derground fighters. They broke it down this way: Czechoslovak capital. The Belgrade nounced that radio also an- Marshsal Tito's Yugoslav partisans had captured Americans 4000000. Zagreb, capital of puppet Croatia Russians 10.000.000. and last major Yugoslav city that British, (including con- had been heid by the Germans. tinental air French. 500.000. Underground, 600.000 (of which about were French forces of the In late summer of 1944, Ger- many had troops, most and tomorrow as victory in Europe of them first class. "The German war is therefore at an he said. He reminded Britain at the same oeen ordered to cease offensive time that We may allow ourselves operations, but would maintain a brief Period of rejoicing, but let until the surrender (Continued on Page Thirteen) (Column One) Also fighting under the German banner were 200.000 Romanians, Bulgars, 200.000 Finns. 40.- 000 Czechs and 1.000.000 impressed principally Poles, Slavs and Russians. Only a handful of nazi holdouts were reported still fighting at I noon in Prague, largest European i city still in the hands of defiant German forces. To Be Conrtmartialed The Czech broadcast said who- ever did not obey the order to cease fire would be courtmar- tialed. Czech broadcasts from the em- battled capital said nazis still were shooting, burning and looting in Mother's Day Set As Day of Prayer and Thanks I WASHINGTON, May 8 Truman pro- claimed today "complete and final" victory in the Euro- pean theatre of the greatest j war in history. He went on a radio hookup at i seven a.m. (mountain war time) to read his formal proclamation, which he prefaced with brief re- marks in which he solemnly warned: "Our victory is but half won. The west is free, but the east is still in bondage to the treacherous tyranny of the Japanese. When the last Japanese division has surren- dered unconditionally, then only will our fighting job be done." Truman's Birthday It was President Truman's 61st birthday, his first in the White House, and he described it as "a solemn but a glorious hour.'' In his proclamation he desig- nated next day a day of prayer for offering "joyful thanks to God for the vic- tory we have won and to pray- that He will support us to the end of our present struggle and guide us into the way of peace." For this victory, we join in of- fering our thanks to the provi- dence which ha.s guided and sus- tained us through the dark of adversity. Our rejoicing is sobered and sub- dued by a supreme consciousness of the terrible price we have paid to rid the world of Hitler and his evil band. Let us not forget, my fellow Americans, the sorrow and the heartbreak which today abide in the homes of so many of our neighbors neighbors whose most priceless possession has been ren- dered as a sacrifice to redeem our liberty. "We Can Rspay Debt" We can repay the debt which we owe to our God, to our dead and to our children only by ceaseless devotion to (he responsf- bilities which lie ahead of us. If I could give you a single watch- word for the coming months, that word work. work. We must work to finish the war. Our victory is but 'half-won. The west is free, but the east is still in bondage to the treacherous tyr- anny of the Japanese. When the last Japanese division has sur- rendered unconditionally, then only will our fighting job be done. We must work to bind up the wounds of a suffering build an abiding peace, a peace rooted in justice and in law. We can build such a peace only by hard, toilsome, painstaking work understanding and working with our allies in peace as we have in war. The job ahead is no less import- ant, no less urgent, no less diffi- cult than the task which now hap- pily is done. I call upon every American to stick to his post until the last battle is won. Until that day. let no man abandon his post or slack- en his efforts. And now, I want to read to you my formal proclamation of this "oc- casion: Proclamation Issued By the President of the United States of America. A Proclamation: I The allied armies, through sac- rifice and devotion and with God's help, have wrung from Germany a final and unconditional surren- der. The western world has been freed of the evil forces which for five years and longer have impris- i oned the bodies and broken the lives of millions upon millions of I free-born men. They have violated their churches, destroyed their In addition there were the city at noon in defiance of Italians in active combat in 1943. Eye-Witness Account of Germany's Surrender at Reims By Boyd D. Lewis REIMS, France, May 7 (Delayed) last docume _i Immediately after signing Eisenhower did not attend more and suffered more of four al- lied powers and vanquished Ger- many scrawled their names on a sheet of foolscap in a map-lined 30x30-foot room at two-forty-one a. m., European time, today and ended World War II in Europe. I witnessed this historic scene. In a ceremony exactly 20 min- utes long, Col. Gen. Gustav Jodl, chief of staff of Admiral Doenitz' government and long-time close friend of Adolf Hitler, surrendered all German armed forces on land, sea and in the air. The surrender is effective one der as the minute after midnight Wednesday, I reached with a bold the nazi arose, bowed and in a voice pleaded for generosity actual signing. That was carried! perhaps than any other people in out by generals of America, Russia, the world. England and France on his behalf, "I express hope the victor will After signing the last sheet Jodl treat them with generosity. Itf t-ihj-i. uj XX i tti LUC -I. Clot SllCC L U (JU.1 lor the German people, the Ger- arose and Gen. Admiral Hans who, he said nave achieved and suffered aps than any other Peo- ple in the world." nnUhlff D- Eisenhower, wm, and restrained, dePuty, Britain's Air Sir Arthur Tedder, nto titnto T" a three-min- British double summer time (four- one p. m., MWT.) today. A high officer said almost all firing had ceased on the remaining fronts. The actual signing took five min- utes. There are four copies of the surrender and .in, addi- tion the naval disarmament, order which was signed by Admiral Sir Harold Burroughs, allied naval chief. t. and 1942-unconditional Germany on France sc which suffered sc ct and whose libeSn ,Gfrmanv D-dflv started on n on started months Georg Friedeburg and Jodl's aide, Maj. Wilhelm Oxinius, jumped up with him. Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith who signed for Anglo-American forces as SHAEF chief of staff, asked Jodl to meet him at ten a. m. Monday morning to arrange for German liaison officers to carry out the surrender and disarmament orders. Jodl stood with eyes half shut, leading slightly forward, and said in English, "I want to say a few words." Then he spoke rapidly in German in a voice which seemed on the point of cracking once or twice: "General, with this signature the German people and the German armed forces are for the better or worse delivered into the victors' hands. "In this war which has lasted more than five years, both have Ten minutes later he was pre- sented before the supreme com- mander. Eisenhower stood very grim at his desk in his cubbyhole office and asked if Jodl understood the terms he would carry out. Jodl muttered "yes" to Maj. Gen. K. W. D. Strong, SHAEF intelli- gence officer who was the inter- preter. The Germans' heels clicked and they strode out, Jodl tripping on a camera floodlight cable. The war was ended at a black- topped table 20x6 feet, bathed in floodlights which heated the tiny 'war room" almost insufferably. Some 60 spectators, including 16 correspondents representing world news agencies, radio networks, newsreels and still pictures and sound and recording technicians of the signal corps officers, charged with recording the scene on film and to record it' for posterity, gathered shortly before two a. m. the signing of an unconditional surrender by their commander. The patriots, now in control of all Prague transmitters, broadcast this noon report: "Germans Disobey" "Some German formations, dis- obeying the cease fire order, are shelling and setting fire to houses, shooting civilians and looting. Parts of Prague are in flames, and fire- men are prevented by German gunfire from approaching the burning buildings. In some places in the center of the city German tank formations are attacking Czecho-Slovak formations." German broadcasts said that con- tinued resistance in the southern pocket was designed to permit army remnants to retreat west- ward. Patton, Russ Near Goal Gen. Patton's U. S. Third army had driven northeast from cap- tured Pilsen to the outskirts of the capital and three Russian arm- ies were driving toward the same goal from the east, northeast, north and southeast. The patriot broadcast said nazi Gen. Ferdinand Von Schoerner, commander in Bohemia and Mora- via, signed unconditional surren- (Continued on Psge Thirteen) (Column Slx> homes, corrupted their children, and murdered their loved ones. Our armies of liberation have re- stored freedom to these suffering peoples whose spirit and will the j oppressors could never enslave. Much remains to be done. The victory won in the west must now be won in the east. The whole i world must be cleansed of the evil j from which half the world has l been freed. United, the peace-lov- i ing nations have demonstrated in i the west that their arms are I stronger by far than the might of dictators or the tyranny of mili- tary cliques that once called us I soft and weak. j The power of our peoples to de- fend themselves against all ene- mies will be proved in the Pacific war as it has been proved in Eu- rope. For the triumph of spirit and of arms which we have won and for its promise to people every- where who join us in the love of freedom, it is fitting that we as a nation give thanks to Almighty God, who has strengthened us and given us the victory. Now, therefore. I. Harry S. Tru- man. President of the United States of America, do hereby appoint Sunday. May 13, 1945, to be a day of prayer. I call upon the people of the the United States, whatever their faith, to unite in offering joyful thanks to God for the victory we have won and to pray He will support us to the end of our pres- ent struggle and guide us into the way of peace. I aslp call upon my countrymen to dedicate this day of prayer to the memory of those who have (Continued on Page Thirteen) (.Column Four)   

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