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Ogden Standard-Examiner (Newspaper) - January 14, 1945, Ogden, Utah The Weather OGDEN AND Cloudy Sunday and Monday with occasional sprinkle Sunday; not much change In temperature. Seventy-fifth 205 OSDEN CITY, UTAH, SUNDAY MORNING. JANUARY 14. 1945 (For 34-hour period ending at rix Saturday.) Ojfden 32 ____ 29 Or. 52 56 29 49 27 55 Sprinfi 30 43 Lake... 32 53 Antonio 47 64. SOiSan Fran... 45 Albuquerque 29 AtlanU 28 36 34 3 36 Biimarck... Boise Butte Chicago Denver 36 SOiSan Fran... 45 58': Grand June. 24 27 50 Lst 31 49 54 Los Angeles 54 71 [Sheridan----- 26 45' Minneapolis.. 10 38 42 New Orleans 61 38 73 New York.. 35 38 47: Okla. City.. 40 37 32 SECTIONS PRICE 10 CENTS U.. S. First Launches New Assault on Bulge Maw Puts Final Touches on Economy Budget Governor to Leave For East Monday; Message Will Be Read By John Hess United Press Staff SALT LAKE CITY, Jan. 13 (UP) Governor Herbert B. Maw Saturday put the fin- ishing touches on the "econo- my" budget he will present to the twenty-sixtt Utah leg- islature Monday, as solons rested from first week's skirmishing. Maw Saturday that he woulf" leave Mondav to side a meeting of the cour-'il of state governments in St. lyuis, but that the message would oe read for him before the Janu- ary 18 deadline. Requests Slash The lawmakers waited with in- terest to see to what extent the budget would follow the economy note sounded in the governor's message Tuesday. Last week-end they recalled, the governor said that early departmental requests exceeded the previous biennial de- mand by He instructed them to slash from the requested totals. While the legislators jockeyed for strategic committee jobs and tossed 50 bills and several joint resolutions into the hopper, heads of various administrative organs! were busy all week conferring, preparing reports, and with the Attorney General Grover A. Giles, meanwhile, studied legisla- tive rules and statutes to prepare an opinion for Utah county legis- lators as to the legality of the con- tinued functioning of the legisla- tive budget committee, set up by the 1943 legislature. Challenge Committee Mrs. Delia L. Loveridge, Selvoy J. Boyer, and Burton H. Adams, all representative of Utah county, led a floor fight Thursday and Friday to challenge the committee, headed by Tom Livingood, and list- ing until Friday, former 'Represen- tative Quayle Cannon, Jr.. and Grant Midgley. now a senator, among its members. Speaker W. R. White replaced the latter two at Friday's sessions. Real issue at stake was the sup- (Continned on Page Two) (Column Seven! Fleet Secrecy Veils Details On Indo-China Naval Silence Suggests Attack on Jap Convoy Entering Important Phase I Without Bringing End to Critical Stage By Morrie Landsberg U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Har- bor, Jan. 13 secrecy Saturday drew a curtain over the U. S. Third fleet's heavy assault on Jap convoys assembling off the French Indo-China coast, and the silence suggested perhaps a new and important phase of the oper- ation. The regular fleet communique made no mention of the attack, I which began Thursday (U. S. time) with carrier raids which sank 25 j Jap warships and damaged 13 others. Friday night Admiral Chester W. Nimitz in a special re- port said the attack had gone into its second day. The fleet silence indicated the attack had gone through its sec- ond day. Friday, without bringing an end to its critical stages, or at least without winding up the op- Japan's industry will not survive Japan Industry Doomed, Arnold Oaims WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 (AP) U.S. troops had on ICsii. first dor batiks Nips at Camronk tor Samor, MJmforoi MINDANAO MALAY STATES ff-29s hit Singapore for second eration. Japs Gather Forces Apparently the Japs had been trying to put together a huge force to" sail 1.000 miles across the China sea and strike at the Luzon island positions of General Douglas Mac- Arthur's Manila-bound forces, Saturday's communique reported only that Liberators and Mitchells from Aleutian island bases at- tacked Jap installations on Para- mushiEO-.islando.and at .Torishima. Retto to the southeast Wednesday and Thursday (U. S. and small marine air raids on Babel- thuap and "Urukthapel in the Pa- lau group. Of the 25 ships sunk in the first day's operation off Indo-China 12 were troop-laden transports and one was a light cruiser. Planes Torch Saigon While the eenmy shipping was under attack, other Third fleet planes pressed inland 40 miles or more, setting off large fires around the city of Saigon. They found only 18 enemy planes over Saigon and shot down 10 of them. Another 50 enemy aircraft were encoun- tered at Thanh Son Nhut, an air base at north of Saigon island, and eight were destroyed. Twenty enemy flying boats and seaplanes at Camranh Cat-Lai near Saigon and at Qui-Nhon harbor, (Continued on Page Two) (Column Five) FMNK The Bay region of San Francisco has a population of ac- cording to the chamber of com- merce of San Francisco. San Francisco has a per capita income of highest in the nation for cities over half a mil- lion. 4- Seven members of the Hislop family of Huntsville are in the armed service. Henry Hislop and his wife work at the Utah Army Service Forces depot. Their seven sons are in the serv- ice and they Fred, 31, infantry; Q. P.. 29, in the army in India: John, 26, ma- rines in the Pacific; Dean, 24, air corps, has been on 25 missions over enemy territorj'; LeMoyne, 22, cadet in air corps; Lowell, 20, at- tached to Halsey's fleet; Wendell, 18, in merchant marine. No more all-embracing devotion to country could be given by fath- er, mother and seven sons. 4- 4 Cotton grown three miles north of Utah Hot Springs has been sent to News Views by Allen Nicholas whose garden produced the cotton last summer. The bursted bolls are attractive and should be grown for ornamen- tal purposes, if for no other use. That reminds me, bamboo is be- ing grown in Cornwell, England, now that the supply of the cane has been cut off by the war. If Cornwall can produce bamboo, northern Utah should yield cotton. At present British dealers are going to the fields of bamboo in Cornwall to 'buy the entire crop. More than 72 airplanes a day are flying over the Atlantic to rein- force our air command. Since July, 3940, we have made a total of planes. More than are bombers and are fighters. The average plane produced in (Continued on Two) (Column four) I. the bombardment in store for it, General H. H. Arnold declared Sat- urday. The B-29 attacks on the Jap home islands in the past few weeks have been mere he said, adding: "We'll make them wish the air- plane had never 'been invented, we'll make them wish they'd never heard of Pearl Harbor." Arnold, a general of the army. and commander of the air forces, in an address prepared for the an- nual meeting of the National So- journers, Master Masons who are members of the armed forces, out- lined the pattern of strategic air war against Japan in this manner: "We will hit their factories, their oil fields, their harbors and cities, first with our B-29s, then, as our bases draw closer, with Fortresses and Liberators and even with our lighter He recalled how the perimeter already has closed in on Japan through the Mariannas, Palau, Leyte and Luzon. The general advised, however, that he anticipated "a long, hard and bitter struggle against adding: "Remember this: Japan is not a group of moderately small islands covered with inflammable paper houses, as some people seem to think. Japan seized a matchless combination of resources invMayala and the Dutch East Indies tin, manganese, bauxite, rubber and oil. She has now had a chance to build up reserves. "Her inner empire the islands plus Korea and Manchuria covers an area of more than square miles. This area comprises a highly developed, almost self-suf- ficient industrial and agricultural unit three times the size of Ger- many. And this industrial unit has now had a chance to disperse." Farm Income at All-Time High WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 (UP) Soaring war prices and a record volume of food production com- bined in 1944 to pad farm pocket- books to their plumpest size in history, an agriculture department report showed Saturday. One-seventh of the national in- come found its way into farmers' hands last year as agricultural cash receipts rose to the all-time peak of This exceeded the previous high of 1943 by six per cent. Government subsidies and di- rect cash payments swelled farm income by nearly the department said. Cash returns for crops in 1944 reached or 11 per cent above the previous year This i j included a 29 per cent rise in re- been turned mto huge dust Sheep Die in Australia CANBERRA, Australia, Jan. 12 than wool- producing sheep have perished due to Australia's worst drouth since being settled by whites and the country's most productive areas ceipts from food gains and a 35 per cent jump in tobacco income Farmers received a total of for livestock market- ings, a two per cent increase over 1943. However, income from poul- try and eggs declined more than seven per cent. Actress, Marine Wed HOLLYWOOD, Jan. 12 (AP) Screen Actress Joyce Reynolds, 20, and Marine Lt. Robert Lewis, 21, were married Friday night in corn- at nearby West- munity church wood. bowls. About square third of the ly the southeastern portion, is af- fected. Heavy rains are now falling but month-long continuous rainfall will be necessary to make the re- covery substantial. Nazis Quell Milan Riots BERN. Jan .12 (AP) Nazi troops were reported moving swift- ly Saturday to quell strikes and rioting in Milan, and per- sons were said to have been ar- rested. TOWARD MANILA Hirhtiffhts of one of the most spectacular weeks of action on the Pacific front are dramatically depicted in this map review of the week's activities. American carrier-based planes battled Jap forces off Indo-China, 500 miles west of Luzon, where General MacArthur s troops were 'slashing toward Manila. Advance Continues Unchecked By Ray Cronin A. P. War Editor The. advance of American forces toward Manila from Luzon island's Lingayen gulf area continues unchecked by Jaup resistance, General. Douglas MacArthur; reported to- day. Yank motorized patrols have ad- yanced clpse to two roadside towns 20 miles south of their gulf beach- heads and are aout 90 miles from MacArthur's chief Philippines capital. The general, reporting Jap oppo- sition only on the northern front in the foothills 'of the Benguet mountains, said "the enemy yet Is either unable or unwilling to seri- ously challenge our drive into the central (Luzon) plains." This pos- sibly indicated that the Japs were experiencing great trouble in get- ting troops northward from the Manila area because of shattered bridges and consistent hammering by Yank airmen along all 30 Towns Liberated The American motorized patrols reached the vicinities of Urbiz- tondo and Bayanbang. To the north the doughboys occupied Santa Barbara and Mapandan, adding them to more than 30 towns pre- -viously liberated. Bayanbang is but six and a half miles north of the border of Tarlac province, where bloody fighting took place in Dec. 1941, as MacArthur's American and Filipino forces stop the Jap J gulf. Yank drive southward from the men-of-war shelled the Japs at Rosario, also on the north- ern front. That town is 14 airline miles from Baguio, the- summer capital in the heart of the Ben- guet mountains. MacArthur said. Jap airmen in- flicted "minor damage as they (Continued on Page Two) (Column Five) lazi Convoy Hit, Swedes Report STOCKHOLM, Jan. ,13 Allied planes' Saturday attacked a German convoy in the Kattegat off Sweden's west coast in the heaviest such battle yet observed, Swedish press reports dtclared. Oservers on the coast reported seeing a great many allied attacing German .vessels and said they could see bomb hits the ships. The sky was alight on with tracer shells. At the same time several waves of foreign planes were reported fly- ing toward Germany through fog at low altitudes over southern Sweden south of Goteborg. Whether they were German or allied was not known here. You're Due ior Tax Jolt if Wife Had Income By Max Hall WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 (AP) Congress changed the income tax rules in the middle of the game for husbands and wives who both receive many couples are finding it out with a jolt. In some instances they are' hav- ing to pay a lot more 1944 tax than they expected. Last April, when a large group of taxpayers were filing declara- tions of estimated tax for 1944 the law gave a husband and' wife a 'joint exemption" of and permitted them to divide it anv way they pleased. Many husbands with working to apply the whole and thus stay out of higher surtax brackets. But the very 'next month, con- gress passed the individual income tax act of 1944. This law abolished the joint exemption and substituted an1 individual exemption of apiece. It said that if husband and wife both have income, and file separate returns, each has to take his own 'exemption. Thus -many. April estimates have gone haywire. The law doesn't punish couples for following the old rules before the law was passed. But it dow I now or in" filing their income tax returns. In such cases ,the wife gams a exemption and her tax is re- She can apply for a re- UBut often-and especially if .the couple's income is high-the wife s refund- won't be as much as the husband's tax increase and the net result is a larger 1944 income tax for the couple. ,-V There's an additional woe: The husband's larger tax has to be paid now-or at least before March .the wife's refund may be several months coming, back. Bomber Attacks Hike Allied Bridge Scores Gerr Luzon Weakness Traced to Leyte SIXTH ARMY HEADQUAR- TERS, Luzon, Jan' .13 tenant' General Walter Krue'ger, commander of "the Sixth army, and General Douglas MacArthur's top field officer in the. Luzon cam- paign, believes that Japan's futile attempt to reinforce her Leyte island forces 'has weakened the defense of Luzon. The general pointed out in an interview that men General Tomo- yuki .Yamashita 'expended in the hopeless defense of Ormoc were drawn in part from Luzon. Others escort dumped a concentration of were sent from Formosa and. the neavy bombs on railway. yards at Jap homeland. Jap losses in the Leyte cam- paign are estimated at more than The veteran New Guinea cam- paigner cautioned, however, that he did not underestimate his foe, and that it still is too early to draw conclusions from the lack of heavy enemy resistance in the first phase of'the Lingayen gulf invasion. By William Fry e LONDON, Jan. '13 Ameri- can heavy bombers struck at seven Rhine river bridges to "south of TKarlsruhe Saturday in the first blow of a systematic as- sault designed to wreck every span over the stream and make it impossible for the enemy to supply or to rescue his armies on the western front. Swarming over western many again after two days of Idle- ness forced by the weather, more than 900 Liberators: and Flying Fortresses, protected by more than 400 Mustangs and Thunderbolts, pounded vital railway spans at Rudesheim, Worms, Mannheim, Germesheim and Karlsruhe and two at Mainz. Simultaneous assaults blasted railway freight yards at Bischoff- scheim and Kaiserslautern. Concentrate on Kailyards Later in the afternoon a force of RAF Lancasters with a Mustang _____ r._ concentration of heavy bombs on Saarbrucken, immediately behind the nazi counteroffe'nsive aimed at Alsace and Lorraine. Bombing through clouds except at Karlsruhe, where the Maximi- lanshau bridge presented a visual target, U. S, Eighth air force heavies hit all but one of the eight (Continued on Page Two) (Column Eight) Nazis Retreat Under Impact OfYankThrust First Army Scores Gains Up to Two Miles In Grand Attempt to Cut Off Reich From Von Rundstedt's. Withdrawing Armies By Austin Bealmear PARIS, Sunday, Jan. 14 Marshal Karl von I Rundstedt's German armies continued to fall back through their Ardennes salient last night as the U. S. First in a grand attempt to cut off from the reich these retreat- ing enemy gains of up to two miles In a gen-j eral assault against the Ger-l mans' northern flank. I The First army struck before! dawn from south of Malmedy and I Stavelot toward St. Vith, Belgian! town four miles from the German! border, where von Rundstedt was! expected to make his next standl against the mounting allied drive. I To the southwest, tanks reached! Mont-le-Ban, a village only a milel from the last good escape Russians Open Combat Patrols Jab 9 lies of Bologna ROME, Jan.' 13 Fifth army combat patrols jabbing deep into the enemy's lines.at the center of the Italian front have struck less than nine miles from Bologna, industrial metropolis and gateway to the central Po valley; and encountered vicious resistance, the allied command announced Sat- urday. This penetration, at Canovetta just west of the main Florence- Bologna highway, and another by a patrol which attacked San An- sano, a mile southwest of Cano- vetta, both ran into blazing Ger- man rifle, grenade and mortar fire. The company assaulting Canovet- ta withdrew under cover of allied artillery after an exchange of fire. The San Ansano group .attempted to cross the-Savena river, a stream which runs northward almost into the Bologna city limits before curving eastward, but as they reached the shore the doughboys were greeted by a strong mortar barrage and were forced to return to their own lines. At the eastern extremity of the Italian front Eighth army forces, after several days of relative inac- tivity, .clashed with the Germans in-a fierce engagement on the'spit of land separating the Comaccio la- goon, from the Adriatic sea. The allies captured 40 .prisoners and counted 20 German dead. Head Injuries Fatal Thomas Guthrie, about 50, ad- dress not known, died .en route to the Dee hospital about' midnight Saturday, apparently from head injuries. Witnesses told Police Of- ficers Virgil Crow and L. C. Han- sen that "Guthrie was intoxicated and was injured when he fell on along-Twenty-fifth. The address 409 East Lincoln, Nor- ton, Kas., was found in one of .the dead man's pockets and officers are making further investigation. Letters to Missing Might Cost GI Lives WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 (AP) The war department warned Satur- day that sending letters, through Winter Offensive By Richard Kasischke LONDON, Sunday, Jan. 14 (AP) Premier-Marshal Stalin, announced last night that the red army had opened its eargerly-awaited winter offensive on the eastern front, breaking through 25 miles toward the heart of Germany on a 37- mile front in southern Poland. Striking powerfully beyond the Vistula river, the Russians swept to within 69 miles' of .industrial German Silesia, reaching the.Nida river, last big water barrier be- fore the Reich frontier. A 'decisive" soviet barrage from massed cannon paved the way across the frozen plains, StalinTsaid in a special or- der of-'the day. Berlin reports said Rus- sian, troops were on the move. The new blow put Germany in a giant vise, with more than a dozen allied armies striking con- certedly from east and west. Entire Front Threatened Overrunning more than 350 places in two days the Russians drove to within 3 miles northeast of Krakow and to within. 11 miles southeast of Kielce, threatening collapse the entire German front between Warsaw and Krakow. The northern 'end of the west- ward-moving Russian front was 100 miles south of Warsaw and 45 miles west of Sandomierz, Vistula fiver bridgehead base. Berlin reports, describing the Po- lish offensive as "the greatest of all said that two other major soviet offensives had German East.Prussia and southern Czechoslovakia accompanied by smaller attacks, at intervals along a 600-mile front from Memel m the north down to stricken Buda- est in Hungary, where the Ger- man garrison appeared, to be on its last legs. Move to Crush Reich The German high command offi- cially termed the Polish offensive, launched by Marshal Ivan _ S. Konev's massive First Ukraine the "long-expected winter army, on Pale Two) (Column Three) the International soldiers listed as missing in action may endanger the lives of those j soldiers. A soldier listed as missing in ac- tion, the department explained, may have escaped capture. by the enemy. But again, a letter may only serve to notify'the'enemy that he is still at large in their terri-1 tory. While censorship regulations for- bid sending mail to such soldiers through the Red Cross directory service the department said'-that somt letters may'get pass censor- ship. Normally the letters "are re- turned by the- directory service whose only function, the depart- said, is to forward mail to soldiers reported as prisoners. Scribes Get Cold Facts Red Cross, to j Qn jruel Conservation WASHINGTON, Jan 13 (AP) D Harold Oliver has handled many a "hot" story as White House for the Associated Press but Saturday he phoned m the cold fact that he has a chill. seems that someone turned It the heat on in reverse English from Houffalize, German base! which' once was the center of thej shrunken Belgian salient: German resistance was light atl first but stiffened during the day.l The enemy used tanks against then advancing Yanks and supported hisL infantry with heavy artillery fire't especially in the area north andjl northwest of St. Vith, which Germans' apparently mean to hold.l as long as possible. Planes Attack Columns As fair weather enabled allied j air forces to strike hard at the! withdrawing Germans, refurningi pilots reported heavy enemy move-J ments eastward. Among the col-l umns attacked was one (.rontlnued on Page Two) rwo) after reading news stories that the. tfermometel in th. White House room was well above 70 ShS War Mobilizer Byrnes' 68 degree fuel conservation ap'peal WSaSy the temperature balur suddenly and reporters in coats, the s ostat did no good The en- eS had fixed it so that when ft was turned above 68 degrees nothing happened. Pig's Signature Necessary For War Bond Promotion MARION, 111., Jan. 13 to let "King Neptune; go on Chief Petty Officer Don Lingle of the navy has' a unique mission1 to complete a pig's signature on a check. He's not dealing with'an 'ordi- nary is "King the navy's No. 1 porker, 000 hog, and an honorary .member, of the Marion Elks club. Since "King Neptune" was- given to the navy Dec. 5, by Sher- man Boner- of West -Frankfort, 111., for war bond, has been auctioned 25 or 30 "times' for a total-of about in war bonds. ,Once the state of Illinois bid for him- r But each successful bidder de- selling war bonds instead of giving up his choice pork chops and hams to the butcher. _ Recently O. L. Norris of Marion sent 'S a check to help out on his board and keep But the. bank of Marion wouldn t without the. hog's endorse- Chief Lingle of the Marion re- cruiting office-who won W chief's .rating, through, the King to get the pigs foot marks on the check. Tomorrow Lingle witnesses will go to a farm near Anna, -lU., where the hog Is wintering and under- take the assignment Massacred Yanks Found in Field WITH THE U: S. FIRST ARMY. I SOUTH OF MALMEDY, Jan. 13-I frozen bodies of more than 100 Americans who were captured and then c-l slaughtered in cold blood by the Germans, were found Saturday in a snow-carpeted field near the vil- lage of Geremont, a mile south of Malmedy. L The'wanton slaughter, which was first disclosed by a handful of sur- A vivors, was confirmed by an in- fantry patrol which went -out at night, located the field and dug into the snow. There the bodies were found, many still with their hands over their heads. The bodies of the Americans; members of an artillery obesrvar tion battalion, had lain in the field since they were mowed down after being' captured by Germans who overran their positions in the breakthrough of December 16. The American infantry patrol, from the 119th regiment of the Thirtieth division, counted more than 100 bodies. Because they were working in the dark, they were unable to give a more exact figure. The field still was part of no- man's land Saturday. The Germans were laying down an artillery bar- rage against a nearby five-way highway intersection, and the sur- rounding-area was heavily mined, so that the going was slow for the engineers clearing the way to the field where the massacred Ameri- cans lay. The enemy outrage was attrib- uted by Lieutenant Colonel Harold Hass'enfelt of Oconto, Wis., Jo an armored reconnaissance outfit ot the first SS panzer division. That s the' same unit which has been charged with numerous unpro- voked murders of Belfeian civDians. London Advances War. Debate-Date LONDON, Jan. 13 government announced Saturday it nad decided-to hold full dress de- bate on the general war situation a w.eek earlier than previously planned, and this led to speculation that a date already had -been set for. the impending conference of the "Big Three." Prime Minister Churchill will open -debate next Thursday with his report to commons reviewing the war and the Greek and- the debate will continue through With President Roosevelt's inau-' guration January 20, there is little or no chance of the "Big Three, meeting before then but there u- a general feeling here that the president, Churchill and Marshal Stalin of Russia will meet either late this, month or early in Febru- Britain's whole military and dip-, lomatic position faces a full -airing, after the return of comaioni from the holiday recess Tuesday.
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