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Ogden Standard-Examiner (Newspaper) - November 17, 1939, Ogden, Utah WEATHER UTAH Fair with little change in temperature tonight and Sat- urday. IDAHO Fair tonight and Sat- u'rday; little change in tem- perature. Seventieth 145 G, M, CONVICTEO BY S, JURY IN ANTI-TRUST SUIT otor Corporation and Affiliates Fined 15000 Each C L E A R OFFICERS Factory Control of Car Financing Blasted By Verdict TE1V (For 24-h a.m.) H Ogden our tin. I 22 22 .30 .44 .29 33 28 .27 49 56 period ending l 59 IMinneapoliE Iln. V .32 .32 tax. 62 62-70 55 50 61 56 69 63 59 51 Boise Calgary Chicago Denver Havre Pocatello 62iPortland Louis Lake Fran 5SiSeattle 62 .41 .43 .25 .54 .40 .26 Helena Kalispell Kansas City Los Angeles Miles THE ASSOCIATED PRESS THE UNITED PRESS SOUTH BEND, Ind., Nov. (AP) Judge alter C. Lindley imposed les of each today on General Motors corporation and three affiliates convicted Thursday night by a jury of violating the Sherman anti- trust law. Prior to imposing the fines, the maximum provided by law, the judge overruled motions for a new trial and arrest of judgment. The three affiliates convicted were General Motors Sales cor- poration, Genera! Motors Accept- ance corporation and General Motors Acceptance corporation of Indiana. Pay for Prosecution The judge ordered that General otors and General Motors Sales rporation each pay half the costs the prosecution. Government lawyers hailed the anti-truct conviction of General Motors, world's largest automobile manufacturer, as a victory in the broad federal anti-monopoly drive and a blow at factory control of car financing. A federal jury of Hoosier farm- ers and little business men last night convicted the corporation and three affiliates of violating the Sherman act by forcing dealers to give instalment sales paper to Gen- eral Motors Acceptance corpora- tion. Test Case Bub it acquitted 17 officials of the concerns, including President William S. Knudseri and Board Chairman Alfred P. .Sloan, Jr., of eral Motors, General Manager E. Coyle of Chevrolet, a G. M. president, and President John (Continued on Page 2, Col. V FRANK FRANCIS' NEWS and VIEWS A new arrival at the Utah stat industrial school is Toby. Kasing mik, a boy 16, sent to the in stitution from far away Nome .aska. He is an Eskimo who strayec from the beaten path and fell int .rder DALADIER TALKS Study Common Action On Distribution of Materials HAILED AS NEW JUDGE Attorney General Frank Murphy, shown above (left) with Secretary of Commerce Harry Hopkins, today was hailed by congressional veterans as the most likely successor to Supreme Court Justice Pierce Butler who died Thursday at the age of 73. They predicted speedy confirmation if his name is submitted to the senate. LONDON, Nov. supreme allied war council met in London today and announced "complete agreement" on methods of using French and British forces for effective conduct of operations. A joint statement issued by Prime Minister Chamberlain and French Premier Daladier said plans had been completed for common action in the fields of air, munitions, raw materials, oil, food, shipping and economic warfare. France was represented at the meeting by Daladier, Gen. Maurice Gustave Gamelin, commander in chief of French and British forces, and other officials. Chamberlain and Lord Chat- field, minister of coordination of defense, were Britain's principal representatives. It was announced War Minister Leslie Hore-Belisha would confer Monday in France with Daladier i and Gen. Gamelin. The communique announced prospective establishment of a co- ordinating committee for pooling of economic resources for war. SEEN AS COMPANY CHANGESHEADS Owen D. Young, Gerard Swope Retire As Active Heads of Big Company NEW YORK, Nov. General Electric company announc- Western senators' were' to- Senator King to Work for Westerner As Successor To Justice Butler WASHINGTON, Nov. 17 (AP) That is why Toby is in the Og- den institution. Three months ago a member of the board visited Og- den and decided the local school was among the best in the Unitec States in the rebuilding of way- ward boys and girls. I talked to Toby on Thursday and opened the conversation by asking, "Toby, are you a bad With a big grin, as he shut his es until there was only a slit etween the eye lids through which to peer out, Toby gave evidence of embarrassment, as though he did not want to pass judgment on him- self. 'Til never drink he said. "My father has become a drunk- ard and some of my companions like liquor, but I've quit." Asked how he got his whiskey, he said Americans bought the liquor for him and his boy friends. jThat is what "Americans" have en doing in the west where In- lians are not allowed to have strong drink. Dishonorable whites act as go-betweens. ed today retirement of Owen D. Young and Gerard Swope from active management of the com- any. C. E. Wilson will become president and Philip D. Reed chairman of the board. The changes become effective Jan. 1, 1940. Wilson has been executive vice president of the company and Reed assistant to the president. Young and Swope will assume the titles, respectively, of honor- ary chairman and honorary pres- ident. The elevation of Reed and Wil- son came almost as a birthday gift to both, for Thursday Reed was 40 and Saturday Wilson will be 53. Directors of General Electric de- clared a dividend on the common stock of 65 cents a share, payable Dec. 20 to holders of record Nov. 24. It brings the total common stock payments for the year to a share cents in 1938. compared with 90 DARING NAZI PLANE PENETRATESENGLAND LONDON, Nov. aircraft German guns fired today on a plane in the Lancashire area. No bombs were dropped. The plane penetrated South Lan- cashire, Cheshire and North Wales m the most daring reconnaissance isazi flight attempted since the war started. The Nazi pilot cross- ed the -heart of England. The plane, flying at about feet, caused air raid alarms -in 13 towns of southwest Lancashire, Cheshire and North Wales. All clear signals were sounded within 15 minutes after the alarm. Observers said they saw shell bursts near the plane which, how- ever, speeded away in an easterly direction. Minister On Duty After Gout Attack LONDON, Nov. Minister Neville Chamberlain left his official residence at No 10 Downing street today for the first time since he suffered a severe attack of gout nine days ago. He wore a felt slipper on the affected oot. day over the need for appointment of a supreme court justice from beyond the Mississippi river to succeed Justice Pierce Butler. Several of them said they would urge President Roosevelt to name a westerner, but Senator Borah (R-Idaho) questioned the import- of geography in the selection. The. name of Attorney General Frank Murphy figured prominent- 'ly'in 'capital-speculation. Although .a resident, of. Michigan.rather than of the west, Murphy is a Catholic, as' was' Butler. Services Today The- 73-year-old, in fact, was the only member of that faith on the court. He' died' early Thurs- day after a long illness, and 'his funeral was set foe eleven a. m., (E. S. T.) today at St. Matthew's cathedral.- Burial will'be in St. Paul, Minn., his former home. It Mr. Roosevelt would not Justice Butler's- -successor after congress convenes in Janu- ary. There is no litigation of out- standing importance on constitu- tional questions before the court. The fifth vacancy among the justices since Mr. Roosevelt took office emphasized anew the prob- ability that his .appointees will dominate the court for years to ccxme. The four men he has ap- pointed so far have been compara- tivefy young. To Back Stephens Many members of 'congress from the west have contended that in such probable long-time' make- up of the court their section should be represented. Justice Butler was the only justice whose home was west of the Mississippi, al- though Justice William O. Doug- las lived in the Pacific northwest in his youth. On the other hand, Senators was generally expected that name FBI CONTINUES CAPONEGUARD BALTIMORE, Nov. 17. (AP) Broken, flabby and ailing, "Scar- face" Al Capone stared vacantly at the ceiling of a 530-per-diem hospital "suite today, free "of pris- on cells in which he lived for sev- en years but sentenced now to a lingering brain disease. Outside the one-time Chicago gang Czar's room sat a male or- derly and a nurse. In or near the hospital were three federal agents assigned by Attorney General Murphy to keep the fallen vice emperor under surveillance be- cause, Murphy said, "Certain things have come to our atten- Whether the agents were to guard Capone from himself or from possible gangland reprisal was not made clear. No uniform- ed police were assigned to Union Memorial hospital and officials asserted none would be unless re- quested by the institution. The gangster chief came here secretly Thursday from the feder- al prison at Leiwsburg, Pa., and entered the general hospital as the patient of Dr. Joseph E. Moore, former director of the syphilis di- vision of- the Johns Hopkins medi- cal clinic. He was suffering from softening of the it was learned that, while his condition was serious, he was in no imme- diate danger. Dr. Moore and hospital officials to discuss the case. At- 5-eneral Murphy said Ca- pone would be under treatment possibly three weeks and planned to go to Miami after his discharge. Murphy added that relatives had assured him the racketeer, who served his time for income tax evasion, would "go Hospital attendants who saw PREPARED German guns, will speak in an unmistakable man- ner in the next few weeks', Berlin sources hinted today as France, replying to Belgian-Netherlands offers of mediation, demanded that Berlin repair injustices imposed on Austria, Czecho-Slovakia and Poland. Meanwhile, the peace-loving lowlands of Holland were pock- marked with trenches (above) against a possible attack against her frontiers. Roosevelt Peace Offer Futile, Nazis Declare By LOUIS P. LOCHNER BERLIN, Nov. sources said to- day that any general mediation offer by President Roosevelt at this time would be "uninteresting" so far as Germany is concerned. France's injection of Austrian nrilffW IIIITkir UtWtT Wlmtuu ATOTTRIAL U. S. Bund Leader Branded Nuisance and Threat To Liberties restitution into the issues at. stake in the European conflict, these sources declared, shows conclusive- ly the allies regard all peace talks as futile. However, should President Roosevelt- ask both sides to dis- close war aims to him with a view to finding some common basis for mediation, Germany would be most likely to respond, these sources in- timated. The president has indicated no intention of taking either NEW YORK, Nov. offering "general mediation" or I District- Attorney Thomas E. asking the belligerents to outline I testified as a. defense wit- their war aims to him. Mediation Refused France, in her reply last Sunday to a Belgian-Netherlands offer of mediation, demanded as a precon- dition that Germany repair "injus- tices which force has imposed on Austria, Czecho-Slovakia and Po- land." German guns will speak in an unmistakable manner in ensuing weeks, it was hinted. The western front was quiet to- day, however. A communique from the army high command said: "In the west, with minor local (Continued on Page 2, Col. F.D.R. fo Weekend At Hyde Park HYDE PARK, N. Y., Nov. 17 CAP) President Roosevelt arrived here from Washington today, mo- toring from a special train to his country home to spend the week- end. AUTHOR SUCCUMBS CHICAGO, Nov. 17. (AP) George .Graham, 64, English ac- tor who played the part of Poloni- Capone said he looked "pale and His wife, (Continued Page S, Col. 6) u ,MauriCe Evans> ful1 lenSth mother and and. aPPeared in The- atre guild productions for several dead. ness at the grand larceny trial of Fritz Kuhn today he considered the German-American bund leader "a nuisance to the community and probably a threat to civil liberties." Dewey, prominently mentioned as a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, was called to the stand by Peter L. F. Sab- batino, Kuhn's counsel, who indi- cated he hoped to prove that the prosecution of the bund leader had a political motivation. Kuhn is accused of appropriat- ing of the bund's money to his own uses. Bund members have testified that under the "lead- ership principle" of the bund, Kuhn had "absolute power" to use its money as he saw fit. Sabbatino asked Dewey, who is responsible for bringing Kuhn to trial, if he had any "personal ani- mus" against the "bundfuehrer." "Never having seen the man be- Dewey replied, "it would be impossible for me to have personal animosity. And yet, on the other hand, I have considered him a nuisance to the community and probably a threat to civil liberties." JAPANESE REPORT ADVANCE IN CHINA F. R. Laughs At Third Term, Fails to Produce Dunce Cap Adams (D-Colo) and King CD- Utah) said they thought a man fa- miliar with the problems of the west should be nominated. Both King and Adams said they did not feel the west had been giv- en representation by the presi- dent's selection of Justice Doug- las. King announced that he .again would urge the appointment of Judge Harold M. Stephens of Utah a member of the United States court of appeals here. Stehens is a Catholic. Supt. Francis Child of the local school says the Eskimo is more a victim of circumstances than (Continued on Page S-A, Col. S) STEEL KING DIES BUFFALO, N. Y., Nov. 17 (AP) Charles H. 60, Youngstown, Ohio, assistant vice .president in charge of operations for Republic Steel Corp., Is dead. Nazis Bomb Swiss With Propaganda BASEL, Switzerland, Nov. 17 __ (AP) A German propaganda bomber flew 60 miles into Switz- erland today strewing thousands of anti-British pamphlets from Basel to Zug. The pamphlets were printed in French. By EDDY GILMORE WASHINGTON, Nov. 17 This is a saga with gestures and facial expressions on the third terra issue, or what makes Presi- dent Roosevelt laugh the loudest. July 9, 1937 Mrs. Roosevelt, appearing at a question and an- swer session of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Home club' of Hyde Park, said she hoped her husband would not seek a third term. Oct. 13, Elliott Rooseveit, son of the "I wouldn't know actually wheth- er he plans to run again, but per- sona-lly, I hope he doesn't. Being the son of the president is some- times a handicap." July 3, Roosevelt, eldest son of the erything is up to father." July 20, reply to a re- porter's question about a third term, the president threw back his head, laughed and suggested the newsman put on a dunce cap and stand in the corner. July 22, James Roos- evelt, mother of the president, said that as far as health alone was concerned, her son could stand a third term very well. Aug. 12, the 12th an- niversary of Calvin Coolidge's statement, "I do not choose to the president was asked about the third term. He threw back his head and laughed, and then asked if the reporter was suggesting that he spend his holi- days in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Aug. 4, 1939 Postmaster Gen- eral Farley in Berlin "Only Mr. Roosevelt knows whether Mr. Roosevelt will run again, and he hasn't seen fit to tell." Nov. 10, 1939 Asked at his press conference if ment that friends of Vice Presi- dent Garner were pressing the Texan's candidacy would make any change' in his plans, the pres- ident threw back his head, laugh- ed and said don't be so subtle. He didn't get a chance to men- tion the dunce cap and the corner, for a reporter said 'it. for him. The strange thing about it all is that the room in which the presi- dent holds his 'press conferences is circular. 1. It has no corners. 2. No one has ever produced a dunce cap. HONGKONG, Nov. Japan officially reported today a steady advance in western Kwang- tung province toward China's "back door" links with French Indo-China and British Burma, but the Chinese minimized both the ef- fectiveness and extent of the cam- paign. The Japanese said their forces, which landed Wednesday 45 miles west of the treaty port of Pakhoi, on the gulf of Tonking, and 35 miles east of the Indo-Chinese bor- der, had. driven northward 30 miles to Yamhsien, about- 25 miles from the border of Kwangsi prov- ince, one of their objectives. ROOSEVELT DELAYS COURT APPOINTMENT HYDE PARK, N. Y., Nov. 17 Roosevelt told re- porters today he would wait until congress convenes in -January, un- less some emergency arises, to fill the supreme court vacancy left by the .death of Justice Butler. He said he had given no.thought to a successor. ENGINEER PASSES ATLANTA, Nov Francis M. Simonds, 73, New York mining engineer, a. leader :in the American Institute of Mining Is dead. Hitler Breaks With Advisors British Claim GERM ANY WARNS BELGIUM TO END AID TO ENGLAND Baltic States Accused of Making Shipments to Great Britain BERLIN, Nov. The Nazi press warned Bel- gium today against cooperat- ing with the British blockade and announced that German warships were going to put an end to secret shipments of timber to Great Britain from certain Baltic states. Voelkischer Beobachter, the Nazi organ, said Germany henceforth must convince herself that neutral cargoes were not destined for Brit- ain -and that "this goes primarily for timber cargoes which in recent weeks have, in a striking manner and in great quantities, been go- ing from the Baltic to neutral countries where they have never gone before." "Suspicious" Routes "If these sudcien new trade routes are suspicious, there are also other grounds for the newspaper said. "There are many cases of ships which prev- iously always plied to Britain. These ships now give as their des- tination even the United States, although they are not equipped for Atlantic voyages. In certain neutral ports, strange market or- ganizations for timber trade have been created which only exist from inventing new methods to cheat German warships. "The German government has watched these goings on for several weeks. It is determined now, how- ever, to put an end to them." In the case of Belgium, Voel- kischer Beobachter, of which Adolf Hitler once was editor, referred to a recent request made to Bel- gium by the British ambassador at Brussels, urging that the coun- try help speed up Britain's contra- band control. "The British ambassador thus (Continued on Page 2, Col. 1J CZECHSSLAJN IN PRAGUE ROW BERLIN, Nov. 17. (AP) A Prague dispatch to D.' N. B.; offi- cial German news agency, today I said that nine persons had been shot to death and a large number arrested in connection with stu- dent disturbances there. The dispatch said that Prague academies and universities had been ordered closed for three years. D. N. B. said these extraordi- nary measures were taken after students, who were described as "followers of 'assaulted Germans. Dr. Edward Benes was the last president of independent Czecho- slovakia. In Prague, Czech high schools and the Karlovy university techni- cal institute' were occupied by German schutzstaffel (SS) de- tachments and about stu- dents, boys and girls, were hauled away in buses. Reasons for this action bv Adolf Hitler's Blackshirt elite guard were vague. Lightning War Delay Seen In Rift With Military MORE MEN CALLED England Promises to Retaliate Against Air Raids LONDON, Nov. British military authorities expressed "con- viction" today that what they called Germany's "indecisive tactics" on the western front were the result of disagree- ment between Adolf Hitler and his general staff. These authorities did not close what information they had to support this view but said they considered it bolstered because Germany had not organized'direct, hard blows against Britain and France which, they said', was the usual German plan. There were hints also of sharp retaliation against any bombard- ment of British cities. Cite International Law Asked what British policy would be toward any bombing "of open cities or any use of gas, one source referred questioners to internation- al law and to provisions for retalia- tion where the law is violated. A German warplane flew over the Shetland Islands off the ern Scottish coast, scene of a Nazi air bombing Monday. The war office announced that men were needed for home defense battalions of the British army. The announcement was made as recruiting opened to double the strength of the women's auxiliary territorial service. Men between the ages of 35 and 50 serve in the home battalions, whose duties involve guarding vul- nerable spots in Britain so that regular troops may be released for more active service. Women of the auxiliary, which will be increased from to serve as clerks, cooks, chauf- feurs and in other capacities be- hind the lines. Strike In Indian Ocean Germany's first stroke against British shipping in the Indian ocean started naval experts guess- ing where the Nazi pocket battle- ships are roving. Sources here advanced the possi- bility, the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer sank the 706-ton British tanker Africa Shell Wednesday off the coasts of Mo- zambique, Portuguese East Africa. British reports have not located the Admiral Scheer since Sept. 30, when the British steamer Clement was sunk off the coast of about miles from where the Africa Shell went it had been considered likely here the German warship rounded Cape Horn into the Pacific ocean. The Admiral Scheer and the Deui'.schland. another ton Nazi pocket battleship, have been at sea more than a month. The Deutschland was known to have been off the coast of New- foundland Oct. 14, five days after she placed a prize crew aboard the United States government-owned freighter City of Flint. America Prays for More War, Russians Claim MOSCOW, Nov. Two Soviet publications chided the United States today, hold- ing up to ridicule American pol- icy in European affairs. The Soviet youth newspaper Komsomol Pravda published a cartoon showing Uncle Sam con- tentedly puffing a cigar, count- ing money bags surmounted by skulls and saying: "Oh Lord, let us have continuous war." The newspaper Trud, organ of the trade unions, attacked American administration of the Philippines while, it said, the United States was "shedding crocodile tears over the fate of small states in Europe." The press continued its cam- paign against Finland, which has rejected Soviet demands for ter- ritorial concessions. Komsomol Pravda .warned the Finnish gov- ernment to remember the fate of Poland. FRENCH REPULSE NAZIPATROLS PARIS, Nov. artillery drove back strong Ger- man patrols east of the Moselle, south of Saarbruecken and north of Wissembourg, it was announced today. Smaller German patrols were dispersed east of the Saar river and in the Blies region where a French detachment surprised German in- fantry digging new trench lines and machine gun emplacements. Heavy rains kept planes ground- ed again. COMPOSER LOSES DAD NEW YORK, Nov. 17. August Janssen, 70, famed restau- ranteur and the father of Werner Janssen, symphony orchestra leader and composer, died today. WORLD WAR MEMORIES By United Press The World war 25 years ago, Nov. 17, 1914. British occupied Longido, East Africa, which was evacuated by Germans. First battle of Ypres with. British strongly entrenched. Turks defeated at Basra. Russian squadron bombarded Trebizond. German fleet bombarded Libau,
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