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San Antonio Light (Newspaper) - December 14, 1945, San Antonio, Texas SERVED :SAfcl Member of the Associated Press A Constructive Force iri trie Community VOL. 329. Published by The Light Publishing Company. ______San Antonio 6, Texas FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1945. FORTY-SIX PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS. Entire U.S. Army to Be Air-Borne By LEE VAN ATTA 1. N. S, Staff Correspondent, STOUT FIELD, Indianapolis, Dec. entire U. S. army will be carried by air within five years. _ Gen. Paul Williams, chief of the Troop Carrier command, re- vealed this today. He said plans are underway In the war department and the army air forces to make "every breach, every piece of equip- ment and every soldier" capable ot being hurled Into combat on an instant's notice in big new air trans- ports. REASONS CITED Williams said the decision was based on lessons learned In Europe, on recommendations of General MacArthur and on the advent of the atom bomb. Williams declared; "We arc confident that nothing can live on Hie sea in any war the future might bring, and we aren't even cerlain everything wiil he able to live In the air. But we believe air-borne troops have the best chance and sve are positive they arc the most effective means of swift national defense. should we face an invasion." Williams said the air-borne plan Is "definitely set to roll." He dis- closed he had recently ended a series of Washington conferences with General Stilwell and .other ranking ground commanders to de- cide the best methods- of stream- lining land forces for combat- through-the-air. MOST MOBILE ARMY He predicted that development of the air-borne plan would make the U. S. army, regardless of size, the "most mobile in, the world." Return of the 82nd Airborne divi- sion from Germany will signalize the beginning of large-scale troop carrier maneuvers in South Caro- lina, Williams said. His command projected increasing emphasis on parachute and glider schools. A peacetime complement of four troop carrier groups totalling more than 250 large transports has been tentatively approved. This figure does not include numerous other groups engaged In occupational duties, in the Pacific and Kurope. Principal purpose of the plan Williams pointed out, Is to make all types of combat equipment whether tanks, trucks or heavy con- struction equipment, transportable by air. Butter Held Off Market WASHINGTON. Dec. Tlie agriculture department said today it is withholdlnn from the civilian market pounds o government butter until needs 01 tlie military services are determined Tills butter is a part of more than "pounds the army turnec over several weeks ago for sale to civilian distributors. Officials said prospects of a con tinued short supply of butte through 1946 led the military serv ices to ask that the pounds be withheld. Window GLENS FALLS, N. Y., Dec. Edwr.rd B. Hillis, who literally tossed out the window, was anxiously looking for it today. Hillis reported the cash was ii his coat, which he heaved througl a window of his burning home Wednesday when lire swept th house and adjacent salvage yard a an estimated loss of Ocean Test For Atom Set WASHINGTON, Dec. The atomic bomb Is expected to ge Its ocean test In a remote corner o the Pacific sometime next spring Although a White House an nounccment that President Truma himself suggested the joint nrmy navy test against warships Indicate desire for early action, those in position to know say the prepara tlons may require as much as flv months. In addition to selecting and pre paring target ships, it will be nee essary to assemble an array of pre cisfon Instruments and scientists I work with army and navy officla on the test. Cold to Lift Slowly The cold front that Brought lower emperatures to San Antonio has loved on as expected, but a gen- ral slowing up in the movement f pressure distribution is prolong- ig the cold spell, Forecaster J. H. arboe said Friday. Some clearing nd slowly rising temperatures may expected Saturday, he stated. Northerly winds and a blanket of louds would hold temperatures own and in a narrow range Fri- ay, jarboe said, the expected max- mum to be only 46 degrees. Satur- ay's low will be a little above Jreez- ng, it was predicted. Snow Covers Much of U.S. By the Associated. Press. Snow covered a wide section of ae nation Friday, freezing rains hilled parts of the South and fall- ng temperatures in the Midwest made the winter setting in that 3gion more realistic. The best 'eather in the land was In some cctions of the Gulf States. Snow to a depth of from 3 to nches extended from eastern Ne- raska and eastern Kansas to the pper Ohio valley. The snow storm moved eastward from the upper ississippi valley into the north Atlantic states and headed for New England after heavy falls through- ut the Midwest area In the last 43 lours. Federal forecasters in Chicago aid the temperatures in Fort Smith, Mberta, were around the 4o below mark Friday and said a new mass of old air was moving into the Mid- jest from Central Canada. Temperaturs'of from 25 to 30 be ow zero in Minnesota and eastern Dakotas were forecast over the weekend, while sub-zero readings predicted for most of the Mid- west. Temperatures of zero were eported in western Iowa 'Friday, 3 bove at Ohama; 12 above at Kan- as City, and near the zero mark at Duluth, Minn. Snow Falls In North Texas By (lie Associated jPrem. Light .snow and temperatures ow freezing in the northwestern part.of the state made up Texas' winter weather Friday. While temperatures in this sec- Ion ranged from 16 at Pampa to 11 in Dallas and Fort Worth, the middle part of the state warmed a the middle 30s and 40s following his week's cold wave. Southern Texas, Including the Hlo Grande Valldy, held to lows of 40 and 50 degrees. Light snow fell In Fort Worth Jilene, Harpcvsvllle, Big Spring Midland, Wink and Lubbock last night or this morning, the weather bureau reported. The valley and gulf coast had light general rains. Other temperatures below freez- ing were reported from Amarlllo with a low of 17; Dalhart, 19 Lubbock, 24; Guadalupe Pass, 26 Wichita Falls, 28; Abilene, Big Spring and El Paso, 30. More Troops Land in Java BATAVIA, Java. Dec. A British spokesman said today tw companies of Gurkhas and a battal ion of the British sixth air-born division hud arrived in Java t augment the military force engage In restoring order. Dr. Hubertus J. Van Mook, actin governor general of the Dutch Eas Indies, today rejected Indonesia! suggestions that the dispute' ove Indonesian demands for indepen dence be referred to.the United Na tions organization. Army Releases Scarce Items WASHINGTON. Dec. The war department advised sen ators today it is releasing Imme dlat.cly more than wort of scarce civilian goods. Tlie war investigating commiltc was given a list of items valued a and an aide said tha another worth also 1 being released, although a tabula tion of items Is not yet available. Murder Charged In Jap Cruelties By the Aiinclated Trcm. The first five Japs to be brought to justice In their homeland for prison brutalities were charged by the'VJ. S. Eighth army Friday with the murder of eight Allied nationals. An American military commission which will conduct the trials meets i- Monday In Yokohama. The defend ants among 300 charged with wa crimes, may be arraigned at tha time. There still was no date set fo war-guilt 'trails on Hideko ToJ wartime premier and other rnnkin Japs. Slaughter 6 Million lews Told NUERNBERG, Dec. illlion European Jews were ruth- ssly slaughtered in the Nazi cam- aign of extermination, said Ger- nan secret police estimates placed oday before the international mili- ary tribunal trying 21 of Hitler's op leaders for war crimes., American prosecutors filed an ffidavit by Dr. Wilhefm Hoettl, ght-hand man to defendant Krnst Kaltenbrunner In the secret police, iving the estimate. The affidavit aid: "Approximately Jews had been killed in the various extermination camps while an additional met death in other ways, the major part of which were shot by squads of security police during the cam- paign against Russia." Hoettl attributed his figure to dolf Eichman, chief "Jew catcher" n the secret police. He said Eicli- nan confessed it to him in August, )44, in expressing the conviction fiat he would have to pay for "the illlions of Jewish lives on his con- cience." TOO LOW, SAYS HIMMLER Gestapo Chief Himmler thought lichman's total was too low, Hocttl's ffidavit reevaled. Thousands were killed when SS roops wiped out the Warsaw ghetto i a. 29-day massacre in 1943. Details of the mass murder were ead from reports of the SS police hief of the city, who wrote he rdered troops "to destroy the en- Ire Jewish residential area by set- ing every block on fire." CHIEF BOASTS The reports showed the SS chief irected the annihilation campaign rom April 17 to May 16, 1043, and hat he boasted he had killed 7000 ews in battle, 5000 to 6000 by ex- loslons and fires and collected others "whose extermination n camps can be proved." The' cost the Germans was 15 dead. No attempt by Allied officials to ,'rite an account of the mass mur- ,er has .yet equaled the shocking larlty of the SS reports themselves. Hirohito Goes TOKYO, Dec. (INS) ap emperor made what the metro- jolltan press hailed "an unprece- dentedly democratic today. Hirohito talked with commoners 'or the first time. The emperor and empress "were walking In the palace grounds when .hey encountered 50 farmers and their wives who had come from the country for a few days of voluntary Work cleaning up rubble. Hirohito talked with the farmers, >crsonally thanked them, and gifts of eggs and rice cakes The royal couple responded with gifts of sweet potatoes. Cruel Hoaxers Blamed CHELSEA, Mass., Dec. Ransom demands, believed by po- Hece to have been designed by cruel hoaxers or a "demented per- ranged today from to for the return of kidnaped S-months-old Ronald Carlan, son of a navy man. As the baby's parents, Mr. and Mrs. James J. Carlan, began thcii sixteenth day of terror, investiga- tors appeared to be up against a blank wall with few tangible clues Flu Gases Reported On Increase Although a sharp increase in the number of influenza cases was re- the city health depart- ment for December, figures are comparatively few and fail to re- flect the true picture, it was re- vealed Friday. Dr. R. L. Cherry, head of the communicable disease section oi the health department, explained there are many border-line cases between flu and colds, and conse- quently many flu cases go unre- ported. He urged that doctors re- port all flu cases immediately. A total of 45 cases have lifcen re- ported this year, 13 of which have been since December 1. Of the 45 cases, 20 resulted in deaths, and oi the 13 in December, two were fatal It was predicted the coming Christmas season would intensity the flu situation generally, but pub- lic school authorities were looking for the holidays to ease the situa- tion among school children. Mrs. M. C. Murray, supervising nurse for the San Antonio public schools, admitted there is a greal deal of flu among both teachers and children, but with schools to be dismissed Tuesday, it was believed le situation would clear up. Texas Flu AUSTIN, Dec. s reaching the epidemic stage in as with 7332 cases reported for he week ending December 8 as ompared with 1138 for the seven- ear median, Dr. George W. Cox tate health officer said today. In announcing this rise In influ- nza, Dr. Cox reminded that for one ase reported to the departmen here at least is 10 unreported cases This means an estimated ases of influenza over the state urrently. S. A. Leads in Sales Gains Registering an 18 per cent gain 3an Antonio led the state's foui arge cities in department store ales "increases for the'four- week ending December 8, the Associated reported from Dallas Friday Rank for Patton Urged WASHINGTON, Dec. Senator Wiley urged in a senate speech today that Presiden give General Patton, who lies criti- cally injured in Germany, the perm- nnent rank of a lieutenant general. Wiley asserted a "motley leftisl ;ang has been sniping at Patton the same crew that has been trying to defame General MacArthur." To honor Patton would "show these detainers that their smeai attempt has not Wiles said. Forecast Cloudy and colder Friday after noon and night with occasional ligh rain Friday night; Saturday partly cloudy and continued cold. Mext mum temperature Friday, 46 de grees; minimum Saturday, 3' maximum Saturday, 53. Five-day outlook for Texas Gul: plains, northeast Texas and western Louisiana; Temperatures will aver age about 4 degrees below normal rather told beginning with slow rising trend Saturday and Sunday colder Monday; precipitation mod eratc occurring mostly In middle o the period. (Additional weather data page 1-A Law Staff, Barkley May Quit Pearl Harbor Case Widening Scope, Delay Blamed American soldiers ure shcmn ahoie n? they tie German Anton Dostlor in tlte stake at Avcrsa, Italy, in preparation for his execution by a ftrlrjg squad following his con- by rtillit'afy tribunal. A chaplain reads the last rites. Jl> This is a genera! view of the execution showing the. general tied to a post, at right, with his head covered by a black hood as the firing squad at left readies for the volley'to end his life. General Dostler was convicted In October and sen- tenced to be shot for ordering the execution of 15 American soldiers captured behind German lines in Italy In March, 1944. T. Wlreplioto. Wealthy Oil Man Missing Help In locating Joe C. Adams, millionaire oil man from Burkbur- nctt, was sought of San Antonio police Frjday by George W. West, St. Anthony hotel. West reported to Police Capt. Fred Llttlepage that Adams was overdue at West's ranch near Bates- vllle In Zavalla county. He expressed fear the Adams, who had on his person, had met with violence. The wealthy oil man's mother Is ill In Burhburnctt, he reported. Adams was described as being BO years old, blond, five feet and eight or nine Incites (nil and weighing from 180 to 100-pounds. U.S. to Tell of Policy in China WASHINGTON. Dec. General Marshall will leave .by plane at 8 a. m. C. S. T. tdmorrow, for his special diplomatic' assign- ment in China. Tlie new ambassador to, Chung- king called at the White House to- day, and Press Secretary Charles G. Boss said he spent 15 minutes with President Truman in a, fare- well consultation. Ross said Marshall will take with him a, directive outlining American policy toward .China and that Tru- man tylirissue a statement Sunday on which the directive Is basedj 'Marshall-will be accompanied by both a and a state de- partment aid. Given favorable fly- big weather, he expects to reach Chungking Chinese time. British, Dockmen Agree to Negotiate LONDON, Dec, sentatives of Britain's dock work- ers, "who tied 'up a score of ports with sn cight-weok strike recently, agreed today to negotiate with em- ployers on'the basis of a 19-shllllng dally wage rate recommend- ed by a government-sponsored-In- vestigating .committee. The vote to negotiate overrode appeals of the National Port Work- ers' Defense committee to maintain the union's demand for 25 shillings R.-day ,40-hour 'week. Present pay averages 16 shill- ings Allies to Study Incidents' TOKYO, Dec. eral MacArthur ordered a search- Ing Inquiry today designed to bare full details of "incidents" used by Japan.to. launch and expand her war of aggression the Far. East. The Allied supreme commander issued a directive to the Jap. gov- ernment to submit full documentary details on six of the major: notori- ous" incidents" dating back as far as '1932 when Manchuria was in- vaded. Full information, Including po- lice reports, was demanded on the army "putsch" of February.' 26 1036, and the July, 1940, plot to assassinate Premier Yonal and'im- perial household minister Matsu- dalra, WASHINGTON, Dec. The Pearl Harbor investigation hit wo big snags today which threat- ened Its future. First the entire legal staff of the 'Dint senate-house probe committee asked to withdraw from the case. Then the committee's chairman, Senator Barkley (D.-Ky.) said ha was thinking of resigning his post in tli e inquiry. Both cited the widening scope of the investigation and the prospects of a rpolonged salting as a, factor. PKOBE MAY FAIL S This pair of completely unexpect- ed developments posed the question, of how the investigation would con- tinue. It has been planned to con- clude it by January 3, but William. D. Mitchell, chief counsel of the committee, said there were at least CO more witnesses. Months would be required to examine them, he estimated. Republican members of the com- mittee sat in silence as their Demo- cratic colleagues discussed the prob- lem without reaching any imme- diate solution. The legal staff offered to help any counsel tlie committee might secure, but Mitchell said that he and his aides could not remain N longer than the early part of January. TRAGIC DEVELOPMENT Barkley called the staff's request to withdraw a "tragic" development and said he had "no idea" who might be willing to take over its work. The legal staff's move to retire from the investigation came asRep- resentative Gearhart (R.-Calif.) nandcd that the Inquiry be broad- ened to include testimony from mllsted men who were on duty at 'earl Harbor at the time of tho Ittack. He claimed this would de- velop "the real story." Mitchell said members of the egnl staff had been working days, lights and Sundays for two and a wlf months. Asking Work Trius .Dec. u American army uniform, Anthony Dl Ina, 10-year-old Italian stowaway had no trouble" passing as a GI on the returning troopship Vassar toy until he gave himself away with on colossal foB work. When the native ot Naples who boarded the ship at La approached an of- ficer and asked for "something to do." the officer began asking ques- Tripped up, Di Ina said his par- ents had been killed and he had attached himself to the 34th division and later the-6th corps of the army of occupation in Germany. He was! turned over to immigration officers. Masked Men Raid 'Cult' Headquarters LONDON, Dee. group of masked men, reported to hava said they were determined to "stamp out this Hitler last night raided the Kingdom house, headquarters of the Legion of Christian Reformers, and beat up the custodian. Some of the raiders were In naval uniforms, according to Arthur Schneider, who took the beating. NO YULE EXECUTIONS AUSTIN, Dec. stats pardons board will continue its usual Christmas policy of no execu. tions, no clemencies during the holi- days. Elster Haile of the pardons board said yesterday. Kimes Dies Hospital LITTLE ROOK, Ark., Dec. Kimes, 39, Oklahoma badman, held by federal authori- ties for' a. Texas bank robbery, died at a. m., today, at Baptist State hospital here. Klmcs had been iri the hospital since December 1 when he was struck on a North Little RocK street by a poultry truck, ending a three-month mnnhunt over state area.
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