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San Antonio Light (Newspaper) - December 24, 1940, San Antonio, Texas IN THE NEWS APPARENTLY the Italians rV have no generals in this war. Apparently the French have no generals. Oh, to be sure there were gentlemen who wore medals all over their chests and who car- ried all the outside indications of being generals. But they did not have the in- ternal mental machinery. Calling a man a general does not make him one, any more than calling a man a doctor or an artist or an architect or a business man makes him one. Generals can he made with medals and braid in time of peace, but when the war test comes that kind of a general folds up. French are good fighters J. well-led. fighters when International News Dispatches Appear Exclusively in The Light Member of the Associated Press if A Constructive Force in the Community VOL. 340. Published by The Light PubllshlnK Company. Saa Antonio, Texas. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1940. EIGHTEEN PAGES. f'Ti'TvPTCJPer copy in tho city vicinity. l_yJlilN jivc cents on trains and elsewhere. Luclwigshaven, Saar Link to Italy, and Nazi Ports Under Bombardment. The pages of history are span- gled with the brilliant victories of the they had good generals. Think of the little Corsican- gaunt, emaciated, hungry look- ing, unconsidered in his thread- bare uniform as he hung around Paris waiting for his chance, while the armies of the revolu- tion struggled ineffectively against the hostile powers of Europe. There was no gold braid to indicate that he had the mak- ings of a great general. Nobody was pinning any med- als on his hollow chest in those days. But medals do not the man. The mental machinery was there to lead France victorious over all of Europe, and to light In every land the revolutionary spark of freedom. IN 1871 the French were just as good soldiers as they were in 1801, but they had no gen- erals. Louis Napoleon was a false medals and gold braid and cock feathers and foolish- ness. His armies were slow because they were ill-equipped and ill led. The only thing Bay.ainc could do rapidly and effectively was to surrender. He was good at that. The German forces n n d e r good generalship marched promptly to Paris. 1940- the French soldiers were just as good as they were In as good as they were In their quick defeat was almost a sten- ciled repetition of their defeat In 1871, It Is not just to court-martial generals for not being com- petent any more than it Is just to blame sohller.s for not being well-led. Competent lender-ship is ev- erything. The most important factor Iti every great success is genius for the divine faculty for organization and direction because it is so essen- tial to essential iuul so effective In all human en- deavor. LONDON, Dec. planes bombed German "Invasion ports" during the night and again attacked Ludwlgshaven, Junction point on one of the main traffic routes linking the industrial Saar basin with Italy, the air ministry announced today. Raids also were carried out against "Industrial targets" in the Rhineland, a brief communique de- clared. Listed specifically among the "In- aslon ports" bombed were Boulogne nd Dunkerque In German-occupied 'ranee, and Ostend in Belgium. One of the British raldert was aid to have come down at sea and he crew was reported missing. The Britisii assault coincided with eports of unusual activity along the German-occupied French coast, led to speculation here that he Nazis might be planning a Christmas attempt to Invade Eng- and. NEW WORLD ORDER ASKED BY POPE 5 Moral Victories Cited as Need for Good of Humanity VATICAN CITY, Dec. ence of powerful and weak peoples. Pope Pius XII In a Christmas eve could, not possibly succeed." message to the college of cardinals GREATER DAMAGE. declared today the "new world or- I" his third point the pope said der" proposed by warring nations the principle that might makes should be based on five moral vie- "Brit caused "greater damage es- tories and pleaded for "sincere po- Pecially to those states which, litical and economic solidarity" in whether for their traditional fidel- post-war Europe in order that it to Peaceful methods or their low might not be a mere external me.ch- war potentiality, do not want to antem "Imposed by force." or can not contend with others." S. A. Boy, 5, Killed When Hit By Auto IN I THE Italians have had no gen- erals in this war. We hear that General Kadog lio, who led or misled the 111 fatcil expedition against the Greeks, was a great friend o" the (ling's. That is alt we hear aliout him and that Is probably all there is to hear. He is evidently a gold and gold medal general. They do not stand the test. The Italian generals In Africr must be friends of probably of Mussolini. They may he good friends hut they arc riot good generals Almost anyone would have known enough not to repeat In winter against the fircehs Hi disastrous winter attuclt of the Russians against the Finns. Surely any Itlnd of a general should'have known that an at- tack In winter in Know-covered mountains over Imil roads against a nation of mountain- eers dc.spnnitel.y.defending their own hills am! homes would have been doomed to failure. And if a general did not Itnow that much Instinctively, there was the. experience of the first great Russian army left on the. battlefields of Fin- land to prove It. Voted Song Writer Dies in New York BOSTON, Dec. Hill, York and Hollywood song vriter, whose best known work jrobably was his "Last was found dead today in a hotel oom. Dr. Herman Schwartz- said le died of natural causes. Bongs written by Hill included The. Old Spinning "They Cut Down the Old Pine "Wagon "Lights "Old Man of the Mountain" nd "In a Chapel In the Moon- Vichy Converts Dakar Prisoners VICHY, Dec. war ministry asserted today that a num- ber of De Gaullist officers captured at Dakar airfield had been con- to the cause of the Vichy regime and had petitioned for re- admlsslon to the regular French army. These officers belonged to party that landed at Dakar airfield o deliver an ultimatum to the gov- ernor there at the time of General Charles de Gaulle's unsuccessful at- .cmpt to seize the west African port. Norway Royalty Reunited in U. S. WASHINGTON, Dec. Norwoy's Crown Prince Olav held a happy reunion with his family today on R nearby Maryland estate His wife, the Crown Princess Mar- tha, greeted him when he arrived at the airport, here yesterday at the end of a journey from Englauc which Included a clipper passage over the Atlantic. Princess Martha and her three children have been in this country several months. White Christmas Prospect in Rome ROME, Dec. fel today to give Rome the rare pros- pect of a white Christmas. The fall began at noon and the cits soon was coated. CRASH KILLS TWO NEAR ARP. TYLER, Dec. Ed ward Howard and Forrest Lanhorr of Arp were killed Instantly las night In an automobile collision Irrec nnd one-half miles north o Kllgorc. ALMOST any kind of a gen- eral would have known, too, that the Italian forces in Africa were In a precarious position, subject to attack not only by tho British African armies hut by the Jrrcsistlblo Brltlnh fleet In eo-opcrallon with the land forces. There is no use blaming flic. Italian soldiers. Soldiers cannot help It if they si'B led Into Impassable moun- tain passes und stood up lo be (Continued on Page 2, Col. 1.) The five victories which meant therefore, he explain; be the basis for the new world return to the serious and pr der, the pontiff said, were morality In love of relatlo over hatred, mistrust, the idea between nations, which ob "might makes does not exclude either sear maladjustment and "cold honest usefulness or timely a The pope's message was use of force to wat n response to Christinas peaceful rights seized with v rom the cardinals. The or save1 them from harm.' City station broadcast the speech his fifth and final point t a. m. (2 a. m., C. S. T.) and declared the "spirit of cc lations were broadcast to the which, fearless in its- mlg PROPAGANDA leads to violation not only Elaborating on the first of honor and sovereignty of five points the pontiff but of the righteous, who "Indeed, at present in a disciplined liberty of cltize country propaganda without well." which does not avoid manifest fourth moral victory was c erations of truth, shows enemy as the triumph "over the tions to public opinion dally and of conflict which consist most hourly in a false and difference'; in the field eous economy." "But whoever really desires ACTION well-being of people and longs to lelp save the spiritual and triumph, he said, woi jases of future co-operation "progressive action leoples from incalculable at arrangements which woi ie added, "will consider it his to every state the mcdii cred duty and high mission not for insuring the pro; et the minds and feelings of of living for its own ci ose the natural ideal of truth, of every rank." .ice, courtesy, good will, pope observed that "from 1 ion and, above all, the polemics of warri ural ideal of brotherly Jove concerning the object! by Christ to the the war and the ultimate pec Regarding his second point, there was emergi called for "return to that clearly defined "the qu n observance of pacts without which pure neighborllness of opinion" that Europe v, ples, and particularly the on Page 2, Col. 5) Bardia Believed CAIRO, Egypt, Dec. would delay their attack u British army of the Nile the Italians' dwindling suppl ts eight-day-old siege, of crumbling defenses Insui victory at small cost. today, bringing up more troops reports reaching Cairo 1 pounding the defense lines with the Italians were hast artillery preparation which additional defenses far ed the final assault on the west, Including Derna, Be battered Italian stronghold may and even Tripoli. at asserted the Italia "Tlie concentration of our keeping a close watch on and artillery preparation in population at those pla Bardia area are have doubled precautic British command announced disorders. On other fronts In North Africa ARMY. reported "no change In the that the Italians w their positions A critical water shortage was west tended to bear out ported facing the Italians in here that the tenth ar the Fascist air force, In Bardia was cast in heretofore had not offered of a sacrifice to slow up competition, suddenly came to advance nnd give Mars n a desperate effort to save Graziani time to reorgs threatened East Libyan his main forces. WATER faced with the nee British intelligence officers of mopping up Bardia bef pressed belief that the their drive in f water supplies In the town, the British were repor by land and sea, would not be stabbing to the west w prove sufficient for the patrols. more men trapped aviation likewise cc Although reports said the to harass the Italians ish steadily were reinforcing west as Bengasi, 300 air m siege lines, observers here the Egyptian frontier. Italian Becoming ATHENS, Dec. Logara pass, halfway betw patches from the front said and Valona. the Greek army was retreat, the dispatches s farther along the Adriatic was disorderly, with only a r beyond Chlmaru, with the opposition being offerc body of the retreating quarters said Log forces attempting to form was the only strong dcfe Exact Replica of Saturday's Tremors Felt, Canada to Philadelphia. BOSTON, Dec. earthquake, "twin" of last Friday's shock, swayed New England today with reverberations from Montreal on the north to Philadelphia on the south. Minor damage, including the wrecking of a "priceless" Japanese tile gargoyle at Peabody museum in Salem, the 'toppling of several chimneys at Center Ossipce, N. H., and the upsetting of Christmas tree decorations in many homes, wns re- ported but no injuries. Center of the quake, according to Dr. L. Don Leet, director of Har- vard university seismograph station, was north of Lake Ossipec, N. H., in the same general area as the shock which rocked the Northeast- ern states four days ago. It occurred at a. m. and major waves lasted more than 15 minutes. NEVER BEFORE Dr. Leet expressed amazement nt the intensity of the new quake. "It was as large, probably a little larger than last Friday's he said. "That is -something that has never happened before In New England. Now I am not certain of anything. I don't know whether either was a principal shock. Per- haps both are forerunners of a larger quake. The seismograph rec- ords of both quakes look like twins. "The shocks were so violent t-hat in some places the light beam of the seismograph, which records the waves on sensitized photographic paper, moved so fast the lines were under-exposed. The waves were still being recorded when we took the record off for development 15 min- utes after the first shock. Lesser waves probably came in for half an hour afterward. HARD TO-EXFLAIN is difficult to explain 'the 'twin for neither, occurred on any established fault line. They were both In the criss-cross network of planes of weakness In the earth's strata far below the surface far down to obtain much detailed Information. The second shock occurred a lit- tle less than 103 hours after last Friday's quake, which was the worst In New England since 1755. Today buildings swayed with four distinct shocks and In some sec- tions, where the tremors were more severe than previous ones, residents ran to the street. Severe tremors were felt through- out eastern Canada. 441 OEftTH full Maury Dropped For Mexico Post WASHINGTON, Dec, Secretary of State Hull today said that the appointment of Lord Hall- fax as ambassador to the United States is highly welcome to this government and is sure to be wel- come to the American people. Reports have been persistent that Norman Armour, 63-year-old am- bassador to Argentina, will be chosen by President Roosevelt to represent this country at the court of St. James. Meanwhile, It was nlso reported that Secretary of State Hull has chosen R. Henry Norweb, ambassa- dor to Peru, for the post of ambas- sador to Mexico when Josophus Daniels formally retires. Daniels has indicated he wishes lo return to private life, Norweb, former .secretary am! counsellor at the embassy in Mex- Hi R, HENRY NOK.WEH. Favored over Maverick. Ico, is snld to have been sclectc< over Maury Maverick, former Texas congressmen and now mayor of San Antonio, and Representative Kle- berg able position before Valona. The fall of Chimara after a week of fighting was announced yesterday by Premier General John Mctaxas. The Greeks, military au- thorities said, took over the whole region, which consists of six vil- lages as well ns the town, an im- portant Italian supply base, 30 miles south of Valona. Tiie extent of the victory also was indicated by tile number of prisoners, believed to total about 1500. These were said to include the one hundred forty-first bat- talion of black-shirt with 29 offi- cers and 667 men. These were In addition to the one hundred fifty- third blackshirt battalion, some 800 men strong, reported captured earlier. Polar Explorers Returning to Base SCHENECTADY, N. Y., Dec. 24 exploring party of Admiral Richard E. Byrd's Antarctic expedi- tion raced by dog sled today to reach the Little America base camp in time for Christmas and a turkey dinner. Dr. Paul Siple, base commander, speaking over shore wave, told a General Electric company official at station KGEO, a four-man party which had been scouting 500 miles from camp since October 15 was ex- pected to arrive tomorrow. Christmas Deer Hunt for Garner UVALDE, Dec. President John Nance Garner, plan- ning to spend Christmas here, today was on one of his last deer hunts before he goes to Washington for the inauguration. It will be the second Christmas Mr. and Mrs. Garner have been here in many years. They were in Uvalde last year, but previously had spent the season in Washington. New Nazi-Turkish Trade Pact Made BERLIN, Dec. sources reported today that Ger many had concluded a new trade treaty with Turkey, but Its was not disclosed. These sources also confirmed re ports that, additional German troop, were being sent to Rumania, bu added that It simply was a case o complementing divisions alread Nazis Deny Having Christmas Truce BERLIN, Dec. lias no holiday truce with Great Britain, qualified sources aaltl today. "Our Christmas will bo rendcrec secure by the German army, navy and olr these Sources said, "and if there should be an air raid tonight, then we'll shoot." there. Soldiers at Kelly Hold Open House Kelly field soldiers are holdin open house for personnel of th field and San Antonio friends in th recreation building, Hangar 13 throughout the holiday season. SNOW IN ENGLAND. LONDON, Dec. falling along the Dover strait toda presaged a white Christmas fo England. A guard stands amid the wreckage of bomb- wrecked Cloister court, which forms part of Britain's house of commons. One of the most ancient and archi- tecturally beautiful parts of the houses of parliament, Cj.oi.ster cburb.was 'recently damaged by Nazi bombs. r. piioio. To You From Santa Rain or cold, or both, which have lagucd San Antonio's Christmas elebvations since 1935 will end their ncomfortable reign Tuesday and Vednesday. Pair weather, together with pos- ble cloudiness Wednesday, accom- anied by light to gentle variable ands are forecast for the city. There'll be little change in tem- perature. Weather forecasters, scanning leir Christmas-weather records, aid December 25, 1939, was cloudy nd cold (froiri 39 to 43 degrees) .68 inch rain. Christmas, 1938, aw 1.04 inch rain, with tempera- ures ranging between 48 and 43 egrees, while cloudiness and vain !so marked 1936 and 1937 Chrlst- Hitler Christinas Trip Kept Secret BERLIN, Dec. Hit- er left Berlin today aboard a spe- ial train for an undisclosed desti- latlon. Inquiries as to whether he would elebrate Christmas with the army nd S. S. units as he did last year met with the rejoinder, "that's nilitary PftCE-SET Youngster Darts Into Street; Skull Fractured By Car's Headlight. James William Copeland' Jr., S. was struck by an auto and Instantly killed as he ran across the street in front of .his home at 1518 'West Gramercy place shortly before noon Tuesday. Police said the nuto was driven by Mrs. W. W. Welch, address listed as 1626 West Hulsache avenue. The youth's head was struck by the right headlight, police said, fracturing his skull. The headlight was dented, they reported. They said the lad evidently failed to see the approaching auto. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. James W. Copeland. Copeland owns the Copeland Finance company. The boy's death raised San An- tonio's traffic fatality toll for 1940 to 44, two more than were killed throughout 1939. Witnesses said the boy had been standing by a parked auto, talking to another small boy, shortly before he ran Into the street and was struck. Police said (he boy also was be- lieved to have suffered a broken neck. Police I-iieut. Floyd Arro- wood and Investigator O. M. Sowell investigated. The boy was rushed to a nearby doctor's office where he was pro- nounced dead there. WASHINGTON, Dec. Arthur B. Purvis, director-general of the British purchasing commis- sion, said today that accelerated production of American war ma- :erial the next 60 to 90 days would be important for England, but only as a pace-setter for future arms out- put. The principal British agent in the purchase of-billions of dollars worth of arms flew to Washington to give Treasury Secretary Morgcnthau on hour-long review of what he found in England. He :arriyed late yesterday in New York on a transatlantic clipper, and left Washington this morning to spend Christmas with his family in Montreal. Draftee Explains His Other Name A questionnaire addressed to Bal- domoro Mirelc, 517 South Leona street, brought Andrew Martinez to draft board No. 2. Martinez explained that he could not read or write. When he reg- istered he had displayed a birth certificate. The registrar had mis- takenly copied the name of the mid- wife instead of Martinez's name. Elgie Green Dies in Brownwood Word was received Tuesday of the death In Brownwood of Elgie Green, 63, for many years n resident of San Antonio. Services were to be held at Brownwood Tuesday. Survivors are a brother, O, H. Green; sister, Mrs. J. W. Hewett; five, nieces and a nephew, ail of San Antonio. Vlother and 5 Die in Burning Home WASHINGTON. Dec. Mrs. Dorothy Hcinbuck, 34, and her "ive children were burned to death :oday in a fire which destroyed heir home near Oxon Hill, Md. The children ranged in age from 6 to 15. Ex-Kaiser Still in Perfect Health DOORN, The Netherlands, Dec. Former Kaiser Wllhclm II, now a snowy white-haired oc- togenarian, celebrated his first Christinas eve under German oc- cupation of Holland in perfect health today. Besides the Kaiserin Hermlnc, only the latter's youngest daughter, Henrietta, and her newly-wed hus- band, the kaiser's grandson, Karl Franz Joseph, attended. The aged ex-monarch presented gifts to Dutch employes and to the German household, including Ger- man guards posted there by Adolf Hitler'.-, order. Nazi Fliers Visit Duce's Birthplace ROME, Dec. II Glornale d'ltalia reported today that 80 Ger- man fliers visited the birthplace of Premier Mussolini at Forll in -pass- ing through" that town. The paper did not indicate their destination. Nazi Army Chief Hints at Invasion BERLIN, Dec. Marshal General Walthcr von Brauchltsch, in a radio address from the long-range battery of Nazi guns ou the. English chan- nel coast, told Germany's armed forces, today "I know you all are Just burning with the desire at last to meet the English and you arc merely awaiting the fuehrer's Weather Forecast San io nnd vicinity; Fair to command so to do." Von Brauchltsch, commander- in-chlef of tho German army, said that in recent days he had been able to visit "all sections of the army to convince myself of the ex- cellent spirit and ever-growing strength of our army." He declared-that "the ocean can protect England only so long as It suits k remark which suggest- ed to observers here that the plan for invading Britain has in noway been dropped. Only one task remains for the army, "to knock down to the ground this last embittered adversary (Eng- land) and thereby compel peace to issue the marshal declared. "It Is a question of breaking Eng- land's one-sided Von Brauchitsch snld. Then he turned to praise of those who sacrificed their lives since the beginning of the war. ;'Wc have experienced much to- he said. ''Nothing so binds people together as blood spent." His visit was a surprise to the channel battery. Its officers and men were celebrating Christmas eve In village school, partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday with little change In temperature; light to gentle variable winds. Airport temperatures: High Monday, 71 degrees; low Tuesday morning, 41 degrees; high Tuesday, about 72 degrees; low Wednesday morning, about 45 degrees; high Wednesday afternoon, about 72 de- firce.s. City temperatures; High Monday, G8 degrees; low Tuesday morning, 45 degrees. Temperatures a year ago: High, 54 degrees; low, 41 degrees. East Texas feast one-hundredth Pair to partly cloudy with little change in temperature; light to moderate northerly winds on Uie coast, becoming variable. West Texas (west one-hundredth Variable high cloudiness Tuesday night and Wednesday, be- coming cloudy over the southwest portion Wednesday; little change In temperature. Extended forecast for the period from p. m., C. S. T., December 24, to Saturday, December 28: East Texas (cast of one-hundredth Fair early part of period followed by rain Friday or Satur- day. Temperatures above normal, cooler weather Indicated nc.ir rnrt o( period. (I1. S. wcatber bureau data
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