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San Antonio Light (Newspaper) - November 20, 1940, San Antonio, Texas IN THE NEWS FOR CLASSIFIED international News Dispatches Appear Exclusively in The Light THfE VOL. 306. Member of the Associated Press if A Constructive Force in the Community Published by The Light Publishing Company. Sma Antonio. Texas. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1940. TWENTY PAGES. THREE CENTS NO country has ever had so much trouble maintaining a' line navy as the United States. Or perhaps no fine navy has ever had so much trouble be- ing maintained by its country as the American navy. In the .Revolutionary war the Continental congress had a great navy. Not a big navy. i here were only about a dozen ships in the American navy and all comparatively small. But the navy was truly great in its achievements and In the indomitable spirit of its person- nel. But in spite of the glory ol this small American navy and the plain and practical value of its achievements, the navy was allowed to dissolve after the Revolution and disappear. As a matter of fact, from the close of the Revolution until 1795 the country was practic- ally without a navy. Indeed, the most important ship of the Continental Amer- ican navy was given to the king of France. This ship was not completed until 1781, too late to be of use in the Revolutionary war. And Americans apparently thought they were never going to have another war and were never navy. going to need another AMERICANS arc slightly dumb in some respects. They do not learn very much as the years go by concerning the peculiarities of other na- tions. About 150 years later they seemed to have had the-flame shortsighted idea about there never being another war. So they sank, destroyed or othcrwi.se eliminated 223 ships of our wonderful navy which were in active service or in con- struction on the ways. Of course they did this in the high desire of pleasing our English friends. These good friends thought this destruction was the best thing to themselves. They proved their sincerity too by destroying a whole arm- ful of perfectly beautiful blue- prints. But we Americans were wrong And our English friends were from the viewpoint of their own interest. Because now there is another war and those ships would come in very handy today to Jend our friends or even to defend our- we should ever care to think about ourselves. Some hope, we hope WILL learn enough to consider their own interests and to hold on to what they have, and to realize that there will continue to be wars as long as the world is semi-civilized and it IS semi-civilized. Posted Thanksgiving Dinner Menu Cheers Arrivals at Dodd Field. (Picture on Fate 5-A.) only only fPHESE facts Americans 1 should have known after the Revolutionary war, but they did not realize it until the depreda- tions of the Barbary pirates compelled them to. In 1794, however, President Washington sent a message to congress describing the Algerian outrages and congress promptly authorized the construction of a new navy. The Barbary pirates were an unpleasant folk. They inhabited Morocco, Alge- ria, Tunisia and Tripoli. These countries stretch across northern Africa along the coast of the Mediterranean. These same countries, as you note, daily figure in the present war, but only subjectively. They have during the past century been subdued and oc- cupied by France and Spain and to the advantage of the world. But at the beginning of the nineteenth century they were a powerful pirate federation, and had been such for 200 years. They were theoretically a part of the Turkish empire, but were in fact piratical military repub- lics organized as a brigand busi- ness corporation under a gov- ernment, which took 10 per cent of the plunder. THESE pirates not only preyed upon the commerce of ail nations but during the earlier centuries descended in raids upon the coasts of the Euro- pean countries of'the Mediter- ranean, pillaging the country- sides and carrying off men and young'girls into slavery. The captured men were al- lotted to the galleys. The most beautiful of the maidens were sent to grace the harems of the sultan. The coasts of Italy and other Mediterranean nations arc stud- ded with the ruins of ancient watch towers from which In earlier days the spa was scanned to detent thp approach of these murderous nnd merciless ma- rftudnrs. In I ho first linlf of (ho srvon- (Coiitlnucd on Ptigc 2, Col. First arriving selective service conscripts at Dodd field, Eighth Corps Area Reception center, Wed- nesday were cheered by prospects of a typical and bountiful Thanks- giving day repast. For the benefit of the 47 selec- tees arriving from the Houston district and the 84 from the Dallas district, first to appear at the cen- ter early Wednesday, Mess Sgt Harry L. Williams posted his menu topped by roast young turkey, for Thursday. Draftees arriving at the Dodd field center already have gone through preliminaries at their own district induction stations. An additional 70 selectees from Bexar county were expected to re- port at Dodd field Wednesday after- noon, with 60 more scheduled to arrive from the Oklahoma City dis- trict Thursday. PROGRAM LISTED. The program for the first arrivals Wednesday was roughly as follows: Upon arriving they were taken mmcdiately to the reception cen- ter's checking station, where it was made sure all their papers and rec- ords were in order. Then they were given assignment: ;o companies, barracks and beds. 3ack to the checking station build- ing they went then to take the Army's General Classification test, administered by Lieut. L. B. Green. The examination, a sort of "In- elligence Quotient" test. Is com- wsed of 150 questions, to each of which four possible answers is sup- plied. The selectee has but to choose the right answer. Average number of questions an- swered during the 40 minutes al- lowed for the test ranges between 90 and 110, Lieutenant Green point- ed put. fv SELECTEES CLASSmfb. Selectees answering correctly from 112 to 150 questions are placed In Class 1; from 87 to 11, Class 2: from 63 to 8 Class 4, Five recruits who recently finished five weeks of training at Dodd field help Lieutenant Green give the tests and grade the papers. After the tests, the selectees go to the record assignment and classifica- tion station. Here they are thorough- ly quizzed and their answers record- ed and classified. Issuing of army uniforms, sched- uled to be done Wednesday after- noon for the first arrivals, comes next. Then comes another medical ex- amination, the inductees' third since being conscripted, after which they are again checked over In the rec- Class 3; from 62 to 38, and from 0 to 37, Class 5. (Continued on Page 4, Col. 1) City Slickers Called Out San Antonio was due for som New Orleans atmosphere Wednes- day, sans the Creole. Professor J. Henry Jarboe of th weather bureau announced rain coats and maybe topcoats would be in order for the afternoon an Thursday. Cloudiness with a light, mist rain was the forecast of the day. Colder weather was in the offin as moderate southerly winds wer expected to become northerly to ngiht. A low of 52 was predicted fo Thursday morning. High Wednesday was expected t< be 74. A trace of rain fell in the down town section at a. m. Wee nesday, the weather bureau re ported. State Treasury Deficit Declines AUSTIN, Nov. def Iclt in the state's general revenu fund, which soared to a new hlg two weeks ago, dropped near; since then to the treasury announced today. Initial receipts from early ad va' orem tax collections accounted fo the decline. The treasury it would pa general revenue fund warrants tx and Including those Issued Januar 7. 1940, the new call number beln 4 Votes Separate Two Candidates DENVER, Nov. four more than half million the candi dates for attorney general of Colo- rado today. Official totals from 58 of the 63 counties and unofficial totals fo ihe remaining five showed: Gai Ireland, Republican, 262.254; Jame E. Griffith, Democrat, Both are from Denver. Antonescu Plans to Visit Berlin BERLIN, Nov. Ion Antonescu, chief of state of Ru mania, was reported by Informec German? today to be leave Bricnarest for a visit 'to ,._. in. Antonescu just has conferrei with Premier Mussolini at Rome. Successes for Nazi Big Guns Claimed BERLIN, Nov. Informed iermans reported that Nazi long range guns mounted on the French coast shelled the southeast coast of England today "with visible suc- Sasel Has First Air Alarm in Week BERNE, Switzerland, Nov. 20 air alarm, the first in a week, sounded today In Base! from to 10 a. m. Plants Smashed In Rirmingham BERLIN, Nov. ible fires and explosions, even great- er than those that devastated Cov- entry a week ago, were left i aging in Birmingham, Britain's second city, by night-long relays of fighting planes which dropped more than pounds of bombs, the Ger- man high command said today. Five hundred planes dumped bombs, some of them of the great- est size, hour by hour on the arma- ment and supply industries of Birmingham, informed military sources said, POETS BOMBED. The high command's communique reported that London, Liverpool, Southampton and other ports and airfields came in for additional at- tacks. Swarms of German planes con- verged on the English Midlands manufacturing center, a city of more than inhabitants, they said, from bases in Holland, Belgium and France. They declared Birmingham "suf- 'ered the same fate" as ruined Cov- entry and expressed confidence that important cogs in Britain's war-sup- ply machinery were smashed by the onslaught. Nazi formations, they said, found the first wave of bombers had lighted the target with more than 20 "large" fires. CLAIM R. A; F. FAILURE. Berlin, it was acknowledged offi- cially, was raided twice by British planes during the night, but the British air attacks were shrugged off as- a failure. "Each time only one plane suc- ceeded in flying over the city and dropping a number of incendiary and explosive an announce- ment said. "Hospitals, clinics and several apartment houses were struck. The resulting roof fires were quickly quenched. "One bomber was downed by anti-aircraft in each of the two raids." As with Coventry, a motor-manu- facturing center, the raid on-Birm- ingham was described as "retalia- Works At Pilsen Bombed LONDON, Nov. bombers raided the great Skoda arms works at Pilsen, in old Czecho- slovakia, for the second time last night, the ah- ministry announced today. Munitions stores and other ob- icctlves were carried out by squad- rons of the bomber command. Many objectives were attacked successfully n different parts of Germany. "In addition, a raid was made on .he Rrcat Skod.i armaments works n Pilsen, Bohrmin. "Munitions stores nnd other oil- ocllvcs In Berlin, nnrt .shipyards nnri: nl. Kiel, Hamburg and Bre- merhaven were bombed and fires and explosions observed. "Among Industrial targets attack- ed with good results were the syn- thetic oil plants at Gelsenkirchen and Hamburg and an important electric power station at Hamborn. "Railway yards and junctions at Bremer, Berlin and Aurich, and the inland port of Duisberg-Ruhrort also were bombed. "Constal command aircraft at- tacked the nnval base at Lorlent nnd the harbor of Barflcur, Nor- mandy. "From these operations three of our aircraft are i Bismarck and Tirpitz Armed With 15-Inch Guns Ready. BERLIN, Nov. 20.- (INS) new battleships, equipped with 15-Inch guns and plane-cata- pults, are now In service. It officially announced today. The disclosure was made by the official army publication Wehr- macht, which revealed that the two warships, the Bismarck and Tirpitz, laid down in 1936, are completed. Both battleships, largest ever built in Germany, will strengthen Hitler's position on the seas, Nazi naval chieftains report. Today's publication was the first inkling that the heavily-armored warships were ready to take up war duty. A picture of one under full steam and with the service flag fly- ing astern caused neutral observers to deduce that the ships are on the high seas, or that the trial test-runs have been completed. Although .Wehrmacht did not identify the ships by name, reference to the Tirpitz and Bismarck was made by alluding to them as the two biggest units" in the relch navy. Both the Bismarck and the Tir- pitz, according to figures published at the time of their launching in 1B39, are 729 feet, long and- are equipped with eight 15-Inch guns and 12 5.9-inch guns. Both, it is estimated, will have a speed of 30 knots. Two other vessels of the same Jass, known to date only as the "H" and are now in the process of construction. Both of these s may be vessels, but con lirmatlon is lacking. Hungary Joins In Axis War, Economic Alliance. PUCTlPEKS Huntsman's Pride Proves Undoing Pride over his good marksman ideal hunter Wednesday. Police patrolman wen to the aid of youths trying to star their stalled auto on South Presa street. The officer noticed two quail in he back, seat and asked who was the "good marksman." One youth proudly took credit for the kill, the officer said. Booked at city jail for killing quail out of season, was Raymonc Galligos, 19, address listed as 2219 Chihuahua street. Austin Man Kills Self in Arkansas HOT SPRINGS, Ark., Nov. Demure Yates, 29 who came here three weeks ago rom Austin, Texas, to become a salesman for a local radio station was found shot to death Tuesday on West mountain near Hot Springs Coroner J. P. Randolph said his death was a suicide. Yates was survived by the widow, his parents and a brother. JOY. Hopes Texans Cotton to This AUSTIN, Nov. your Christmas shopping early and buy otton products-was Governor W. Lee O'Daniel's advice to Texans to- day. In a proclamation designating December as cotton Christmas gift month the governor declared cotton ifts serve a double purpose. The otton grower as well as the re- ipient benefits, he said. Reported in Northern Japan NEW YORK, Nov. 20. (If} Domei, Japanese news agency, re- ported today a short earthquake was registered two minutes after lidnight in a region north from Tokyo to the southern part of Hokkaido, farthest north of the apanese islands. Clocks were topped in the northern provinces I Iwate and Miyago. LONDON, Nov. industrial Midlands dug itself ou today after hundreds of German raiders carried out a nine-hour at- tack last night. Sparse reports reaching London from one of the hardest hit of some half-dozen raided industrial areas said in the first hours there was no respite from the continuous fal of bombs and crash of anti-aircrafl guns. COSTLV ATTACK Fires lit up the sky until it was almost as bright as day. Considering the country as whole, observers said the raid was likely to prove as heavy, if not heavier, than any attack yet made on Britain, Casualties were expected to be comparatively heavy, particularly in ;wo towns. Official descriptions of the damage were confined to state- ments that it was extensive. Many raiding planes operated ower than usual, to dispose' ol their bombs more effectively. Some 250 concentrated their at- tack on half a dozen Midland areas. The Windsors; Own Love Story Fourth in Series on Page 8. SITUATION MAP SHOWS EXTENSION OF POWER BY AXIS -Lltht mip. Nazis Devastate State Board to Canvass Election AUSTIN, Nov. state election board, composed of the gov- ernor, the attorney general and the secretary of state, planned to meet oday and canvass officially the general election vote. Secretary of State M. O. Flowers :aid the results probably would not be announced until next week. The Weather San Antonio and vicinity: Cloudy with local showers and colder to- night. Thursday, mostly cloudy with nnd colder. Moder- ate southerly winds becoming north- erly. Airport temperatures: High today about 74; low Thursday morning about 52; high Thursday afternoon about 66; high yesterday 75; low his morning 64. City temperatures: High yester- day 75; low this morning 65; high a year ago 71; low a year ago 44. East Texas (east one-hundredth Cloudy with local show- rs, cooler wer the west and north aortions tonight. Thursday, mostly loudy; showers over the east and outh portions; cooler, except over .he extreme northwest portion. Moderate southeast winds on the oast becoming northerly. West Texas (west one-hundredth Mostly cloudy tonight nd Thursday with occasional snow vc.r the north portion tonight and aln or snow in central and south tonight and Thursday, tfuch colder in the southeast por- ion tonight; slightly colder else- 'here tonight, (II. S. bureau data on pate The rest operated in smaller groups or as lone raiders over other dis- tricts, apparently to distract the at- tention of the defenders. LONDON In London, which also was at- tacked, rescue workers in one sec- tion were using a large steam crane to try to lift debris of a group of persons entombed when a bomb struck a block of apartments.' An Associated Press correspon- dent telephoned from one of the Midlands towns that "material dam- age is extensive and includes a huge block of buildings and another block of stores." Two large fires there were under control by dawn. Food Stamp Plan Survey Requested The County Commissioners' court Wednesday authorized the submis- sion of a petition to W. S. Allen, regional director of the Surplus Marketing administration, asking for a survey of Bexar county to see if it can-qualify for a food stamp Plan. The survey would be the first step toward establishment of a plan here, with the county needing to put up a revolving fund to support the plan. No decision has been made by the court on the fund. London Bobby Lets Ex-Boss Risk Bomb LONDON, Nov. W) street was unusually empty as Lord Trenchard, former commissioner of London's police, walked down it. "When I got to the he re- counted today, "a policeman saluted me and said: 'You walked over a time bomb, sir.'" Why didn't you stop Lord Trenchard asked. "Oh, we recognized you. the policeman replied. ANKARA, Turkey, Nov. Sources close to the Turkish govern- ment said today Turkey would re- gard passage of German troops through Bulgaria as harmful to Turkish interests. They said Turkey would refuse to approve such a movement, even though Germany might guarantee Turkey would In no way be In- volved. Moreover, if Bulgaria herself makes any move toward the Mediterranean, Turkey will consider herself bound to "take the sources added. Ratner Continues Absentee Vote Gain TOPEKA, Kan., Nov. Governor Payne Ratner's comeback in the out-state absentee vote count brought him within striking distance of a second term today. The lead of William H. Burke, Democratic nominee, dropped to 426 votes as he lost 24 in the first five counites tallied by the state board of canvassers today. The vote by out-of-state absentees still is to be counted in 31 counties, Franklin Fields Project Inspected An inspection tour of Franklin field to observe general development of the project was made Wednes- day morning by two representatives of the National Parks service from Austin, accompanied by Park Com- missioner Henry F. Hein and City Forester Stewart King. The representatives were J. C. Biggs, inspector, and H. G. Patrick, architect in the central design of- fice. GARBAGE HOLIDAY There will be no collection of gar- bage Thursday. Park Commissioner Henry Hein announced Wednesday. Britain May Get More Destroyers WASHINGTON, Nov. More destroyers for Britain and jlanes lor Greece became a distinct XBsibUity today as the administra- Mon made it clear that this gov- :rnment's aid to nations fighting he axis is only getting under way. Washington sources say that Brl- ain, through Ms ambassador to the United States, Lord Lothian, is al- eady preparing an appeal for 50 Additional destroyers to help stem the renewed German submarine warfare. The Greeks already have trans- mitted an urgent request for bomb- rs and pursuit ships. What Britain will offer In pay- nem. for the additlonnl destroyers 5 not known. When this country released 50 destroyers to England last summer, air and naval base rights on British Western Hemis- phere possessions were received. Inadequacy of convoy protection is assigned as the reason for Bri- tain's decision to seek further naval aid, according to advices in Wash- ington. These reports hold that England's food supply Is liable to become seriously menaced unless merchantmen can be convoyed through the danger zone, particu- larly off Western Ireland. The United States still has 75 re- conditioned destroyers in addition to those already transferred to the British. All of the 75 are commis- sioned and are part of the United States destroyer fleet 01 159 vessels. Magyars Pledge All Help to Germany, Italy and Japan in Treaty. VIENNA, Nov. signed a military, political and eco- nomic compact with her totalitarian friends today, making the German- Italian-Japanese alliance into ft four-nation axis. Representatives of the four na- tions affixed their signatures to document binding Hungary to Join- the war against any country which in the near future may enter the European or Japanese-Chinese con- flicts. Then Killer received Count Pal Teleky, premier of Hungary, and his foreign minister. Istvan Csaky, for n conference at the Hotel Imperial in the presence of German Foreign Minister Joachim von Rib- bentrop. By the stroke Hitler opened a Nazi military avenue 250 miles fur- ther into the Balkans, toward Greece. Turkey, Baghdad and Suez. CHALLENGE TO ALL. Rlbbentrop Indicated that further extensions are to come by declaring "more powers will follow" Hungary. He described the pact as a "chal- lenge to all war inclters and power which ia in favor of extension of the war." The original alliance, signed last September 27 at Berlin, is a 10-year military and economic treaty which T. binds Its signers to one-for-ull and all-for-one pledge of aid against any new entrant Into either the European or Chinese wars, The protocol admitting Hungary to alliance membership was signed by Csaky and Von Ribbentrop, Ital- lian Foreign Minister Ciano and Sa- buruo Kurusu, Japanese ambassador to Germany. They and Count Teleky were Hit- ler's guests of honor at a luncheon in Belvedere castle. There was no intimation how- soon any military operations might follow these Nazi diplomatic strides toward the Balkans, but scarcely an observer doubted such a step would be taken. KEITEL PRESENT. Other German leaders in Vienna when Hungary was enrolled includ- ed Field Marshal Gen. Wilhelm Keitel, chief of the German high command; Franz von Papen, Ger- man ambassador to Turkey, and Hitler's military adjutants. Trie brief protocol merely admit- ted Hungary to the partnership and stipulated she would be called in for conferences on questions touch- ing her interests. It was the second time Hungary had linked herself recently with Rome-Berlin-Tokyo agreement. The first was when she joined the anti- crmintern pact February 24, 1939. By Joining up, Hungary became a party to what has been regarded in the United States as an attempt to check American aid for Britain; Since no European power save Russia ever could think of attack, ing the totalitarian triumvirate a combine of specific reservations are made cerning Russia, the United States is the only power envisaged by ths pledge of mutual assistance, it was said here. Russia and Germany sare bound Ly a 10-year pledge of (Continued on Page 4, Col. 2)
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