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San Antonio Light (Newspaper) - August 23, 1940, San Antonio, Texas 1NTHE NEWS The newsreels show the mllitar practice maneuvers at Ogdensbun N. Y. The troops participating therei according to the commentator, hav come from all along the East coa from Maine to Virginia. The lack of modern equipment painfully apparent In their exei cisfis. The soldiers had no trench mor tars so they made wooden stands tc support pieces ot steel pipe. Painted signs identifying thes make-believe weapons as "60 mi mortars" were fastened to the flet tlous ordnance. The Twenty-sixth division ha only two so they substitute trucks and labeled them tanks b means of large signs. Improvised gas pipe anti-tan guns were used by the troops durin the maneuvers. In one scene troops were show: advancing across a field, and th commentator sadly said: "Here they are launching broomstick blitzkrieg." Into the barrels of the varlou pretended mortars and cannon, th troops inserted empty beer cans t simulate shells. This Is far from an amusing sit uation. It Is f xtremely distressing. In point of fact, it is extremely alarming. It causes UK to wonnpr wny ou government insists upon being s warlike when we have little or noth ing to be warlike with. It also compels us to conslde thoughtfully how the seven thou sand million dollars, which havi been expended in the last seven years for military preparedness, have been disbursed. A large part, of course, as Senator Clark has said, has gone down po- litical rat holes to fatten parasitic rau. But what are the rat holes and who are the rats? Generalizations hardly meet thi necessities of the situation. Fat rats will not defend the na- tion against possible invasion. We cannot hope to spread devas- tation among the greedy and ag- gressive forces of Hitler and Stalin with empty beer cans. Pull beer cans might have some effect upon the German troops, and vodka bottles might temporarily de- lay the Russian Invasion. But for permanent repulse, actua high explosive shells are much more to be relied upon. What a md commentary this whole condition of unpreparedness is upon our boasted democratic sys- tem. Seven thousand million dollars have been spent for empty beer cans wooden mortars and painted signs Surely Roosevelt can hardly say In this Instance: "We planned it that way." Perhaps there is no use crying over spilt milk. The rich milk has long gone down the rat holes. The rats have, fattened on It. They have done their prescribed part In return. The transaction is completed. The new deal is entrenched in power. A compliant and complacent con- gress is content over the situation. Another seven thousand million dollars have been appropriated for more military preparedness. Perhaps some shrewd politicians 'dirt plan it. that way. It may not be good defense, but It is plainly good politics. However, fellow citizens, what we must look to is not so much the past as the future. We a.re promised that everything will be .better from now on. Again generalities are not enough. How much better results will we get under the same impractical new deal which has mismanaged every- thing it has undertaken since it came into power? Will we have bigger and better preparedness or merely bigger and better rat holes, and bigger and fatter rats and bigger and higher taxes and bigger and emptier beer cans? We need for our brave and will- Ing defenders new equipment. Maybe we Jieed a new government to get it. We need efficiency In our mili- tary and in our governmental or- ganization. Ma.vbe we need a man of proven efficiency at the head of the na- tion. We like our democracy. We do not want to see it fail in a rrisifl. We love our country. We do not want to see it sub- dued in arms or outdistanced in trade and progress by distinctly in- ferior countries simply because they have the efficiency which we lack. We have been dreaming and drifting along in a fool's paradise without reducing unemployment, without restoring prosperity, without providing mililtary preparedness, without achieving organization and system in government, without safeguarding our democracy, with- out preserving our institutions, without protecting our priceless lib- erties. All we have done of late as a nation Is to transfer money from one pocket to another and call flint profit. All that we have done is to rob the workers and producers io lav- ish largesse upon the Incompetent and improvident, and call that "the more abundant life." All that we have donp Is to waste Hip money of nur own ppoplp In buy the applnusp and hulld up Ihp business, of pompptitors International News Dispatches Appear Exclusively in The Light Tffi ON.IQ 9 iPBHT VOL. 217. Published by The LiRht Publishing Company. San Antonio. Texas Member of -the Associated Press if A Constructive Force in the Community 0 FRIDAY, AUGUST 23, 1940. TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. THREE CENTS city anc and f U.S. Army Plane's Gas Tanks Explode in Crack-up Near Denver. DENVER. Aug. TJ. S. army filers were blown to bits when their twin-motored bombing plane crashed and exploded during a storm while on a routine bomb- practice flight from the Air Corps Technical school in Denver last night. The explosion scattered wreckage and parts of bodies 300 yards from the spot where the Douglass B-18-A[ craft struck, 23 miles southeast Denver. I Maj. Leo H. Dawson, operations' officer at Lowry field, said the' plane's gasoline tanks, containing approximately 300 gallons of fuel. I apparently had exploded when it crashed. Fifteen unexploded "practice" bombs, loaded with small quanti- ies of explosive, were found scat- tered around the wreckage when a searching party from Lowry field reached the scene before dawn. CAUGHT IN STORM Investigating officers said it was lossible the plane was struck by Ightning or was caught in a down- draft during a severe hall and ightnlng storm about, 8 -p. m. A sister ship accompanied the plane on the flight assignment to practice bombing a target on the ield's isolated bombing range. Officers of the second plane said he first ship had released two iombs' before it disappeared in a torm cloud. Soon after, Major Dawson said, he missing plane radioed that 1 lad lost sight of Its sister ship That was the Ia.st word from it. 2ND LT. K. P. SCIIMIOTCHEN Air corps reserve flier dies. Guns Answer Shelling by Nazis: London Suffers Third Air Raid. 2ND LIEUT. W. A. CHAMPAGNE Pilot of planr killed. The second ,owry field. plane returned to Searching planes quipped with flares, were dlspalch- d to the bombing range at 11 p. in when the missing bomber was stir unrcported. They led ground par- ies to the site of the crash, on a arren spot adjacent to the bombing angp. MOVED FROM BARKSDALE. The two officers and seven en- sted men killed were attached to he Thirty-seventh medium bom- jardment squadron, which was loved to Lowry field early in July rom Barksdale field, near Shreve- La. The squadron is scheduled for ater transfer to a new army air ase now under construction at Alaska. The dead: Second Lieut. Wilbur A. Cham- agne, Denver, pilot. Second Lieut. Robert P. Schmidt- hen, air corps reserve, Valley tream, Long Island, N. Y., co- ilot. Staff Set. William McDearman, 2, Lebanon, Tenn. Staff Sgt. Clarence L. Hobbs, 35, rving, Texas: Sgt. Truman Fraser, 26, McCrory, Sgt.iBoy C. Adkins, 25, Switz City, nd. Pvt. Claude E. Hutchison, 23, enver. Pvt. Charles K Kelly, 23, Texar- ana. Ark., radio operator. Pvt. Weldon Bryson, 22, Deport, exas. Hutchinson and Bryson were not members of the plane crew and had one on the practice flight .as pas- engers, Major Dawson reported. An investigation1 board was ap- ointed to attempt to learn the ause of the disaster. Its members re Major Dawson, Maj. Arnold lich and Maj. Harold Kngler. barrage Balloon Goes oh Rampage LONDON, Aug. bar- age balloon broke loose and went n a rampage over London today, nocking over chimney pots and set- ng off showers of sparks by trail- ng its cable over trolley wires. Finally it tangled on St. Mark's hurch tower. While firemen, police nd a balloon crew were trying to ree it. it suddenly gave a yank that ulled the. church spire loose, snap- cd its cable and sailed away. !nd British Force Leaves Shanghai SHANGHAI, Aug. 23. W) A ;cond detachment of British oops of the East Surrey regiment mbarked from Shanghai today for n undisclosed destination. The oops marched through the streets f the international settlement eaded by a United States marine irps band. The first group of the British oops, who are withdrawing from lianghal, left Wednesday. M KILLED IN- PLANE. BUCHAREST, Rumania, Aug. 23. A passenger plane en route om nucharpst to thi; Leipzig. rrmany, fair rrashpd in n storm Tiirnii Kpvprin, Rumania, lo- ay. npporl.s said HIP 17 pnssen- era nnrt three members of ew all tilled. the Weather in Game Of High-Low San Antonio Friday was enjoy- ing some of thp most pleasant mid- August weather It has had in years. Temperatures "would ranee from 65 in the early morning .to a top of 90 degrees in the late afternoon. Forecaster J. H. Jarboe opined. The high for Thursday was 90 and the sflme was predicted for Friday and Saturday. Skies will be partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday. Spanish Cardinal, Long 111, Is Dead MADRID, Aug. 23 Cardinal Ooma y Tomas, primate of Spain and the Vatican's semi- official representative to General- issimo Franco's government during the Spanish civil war, died late last night at Pamplona, after sev- eral months' illnrss. He was 71. LONDON. Aug. disclosed today heavy guns on both sides of the channel have joined the battle of Britain as German air raiders hit hard three Ixmdon sub- urbs in early morning attacks. Military sources said British guns had fired "a few rounds" at Ger- man cannon bombarding the Im- portant channel port of Dover from the French coast. They minimized the possibilities i of long-range shelling, however, de- glaring the German guns could have some "nuisance value" but could have, no military significance. Although vans began moving the belongings of Dover's populace, military sources declared the guns could not make the British give up Dover as a war base. CASUALTIES FEW Homes and public buildings were blasted in the raid on London and a delayed-action bomb burst in one roped-off area several hours later, but casualties were few. Nazi planes struck also at scat- tered areas in the southeast and northeast, damaging buildings and killing at least two children. Those areas also were raided by night and an official announce- ment acknowledged there had been "a number of fatal (Airports, airplane and motor factories and shipping, were the German targets, a high command communique In Berlin said, report- ing four merchantmen hit, fires and explosions caused in several local- ities and 11 British planes downed against two German planes miss- ng.) On the other hand, the British reported nine German warplanes shot down against four British 'rom two of which the filers re- :urned safely. In Cairo, a royal air force com- munique said British bombers had destroyed two Italian submarines, a destroyer and a submarine depot ,hlp in a low-altitude bombardment of warships at Bomba. Libya. FIRM ON GREECE. In face of Italian pressure on Greece. Britain reaffirmed her 1939 guarantee that "in the event of any FDR Demands Congress Speed Conscription Plan Further Debate Will Clog Defense Drive, Chief Executive Warns. This parachute, pack-saddle and map were dropped by Nazi planes over Bri- tain to cause alarm among the popula- tion, according to Knjrlish authorities. Several maps were found upon which detailed instructions to parn- i-hutists were printed in (lei-man hut no parachutists were discovered. action which clearly threatens he independence of Greece lis majesty's government would feel ound to lend to the -Greek govern- ment all the strength in its power." A spokesman for the ministry of ionic security said today there will Je no published list of the dead and nlutert in London raids. The Aug- ust total of civilian air raid r.ssual- (Continued on Page 4, Col. 6) 4 Crash Victims Once at S. A. Field The two officers and two of the enlisted men killed in the crash of an army bomber near Denver Thurs- day night previously had been sta- tioned at Kelly field, it was an- nounced by officials at the training school Friday. They were Second Lieut. Wilbur A. Champagne. Second Lieut. Robert Schmidtechen Jr., Staff Sergt. William McDearman and Scrgt. Roy C. Adkins. Lieutenant Champagne. 24. a na- ,ive of Centreville, La., was 'grad- uated from Kelly field in June. 1938. After leaving here he went to Barks- dale field. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles J. Champagne, live in Centreville. Only recently he had married Miss Lorraine Griffith of Longview, Texas. BROTHER IN S. A. He is survived also by a brother n San Anlonio. Noah Champagne, assistant secretary of the San An- onio Drug company, who lives at 225 Myrtle Drive east. Lieutenant Schmidtchen. 26. a na- ive of Brooklyn, N. Y., was gradu- ated from Kelly field In Msy, 1940. He also was a graduate of Syracuse university. His father and mother live in New York city. Lieutenant Schmidtschen, sta- tioned at Randolph field this past winter, was well known to San An- tonians, as a fine cellist and he ap- peared in two of the San Antonio symphony concerts this season under Max Reiter, conductor. 20 YEARS IN SERVICE. Sergeant McDearman, 42. is a native of Brazos county. Texas, and h.ad been in military service 20 years, the last 12 of which were with the Sixty-fourth School squadron at Kelly field. During the World war he served with the One Hundred Fifteenth Field artillery. He is survived by the widow, Mrs. Gladys McDearman, and a son, John. Sergeant McDP.arman. an in- structor at Kelly field, and Sergeant Adkins were on detached service at Lowry field. Sergeant, Adkins, 25. was a native of Switz City. Ind.. and is survived! by his mother. Mrs. Lulu Adkins. I who lives there. He had been at Kelly field several years, also. BERLIN. Aug. repnrled today their air raiders yes. terday shot down 11 British war- planes, against the loss of three of their own, despite bad weather hampering air activity. Air patrols over the channel, these sources added, dispersed a British convoy near Dover and damaged two merchantmen with bomb hits. Effective bombings of several British airports also were reported. DNB, official German news agen- cy, said the German "bag" includ- ed seven Spitfire fighter planes shot down over the South England coast by Nazi pursuit patrols in the course of the evening. LONDON. Aug. 23. Thp air ministry said today nine German planes worn destroyed over Britain yesterday, seven shot-down by Brit- ish fighters, two by anti-aircraft fire. "Fnur of our fighter aircraft were lost, but two of the pilots are the ministry announced. '-An enemy bomber was shot down in the early hours this morning by bewis (machine-gun) gunfire from the ground." Ecuador Solons Probe Nazi Acts QUITO, Ecuador, Aug. Informed sources said today An- dres Cordoba, provisional president, tiad been questioned on Nazi activi- ties in at a secret session of congress last night. Another secret session was to be lield Monday at which cabinet min- isters arc expected to explain the results 'of their investigation of re- ported Nazi activities. Bexar Warrants for I toads Seen An indication worth of The state nnri federal covern- warrants will be issued by the county] mcnts stand rpady to expend S330.- in September to finance on pavinR the strip if the coun- of vital military highways around1 ty will provide the 160-foot wide San Antonio cnmc from a commts-i right-of-way. sioners' court meeting Friday. The session, with nil commission-: out the funds for the project arc crs present, opened In thp office of limited and may bo shifted to othr Commissioner Robert F. Uhr. Also present were D. R. Thomas, chain- ber of commerce highway T. H. Ridgeway. assistant district son favors the Issuance of warrants attorney; Russell White, county highway engineer, and Harry Haber- koni, secretary to thp county judge. County Judge C. W. Anderson Is on vacation. The commissioners heard a letter from F. S. Maddox. state highway department engineer, asking action it was Mat d ,h on right-of-way negotiations ls b rour-lane trans- on highway U. S. OO.conlincnU, route The court authorized the county auditor and the Stewart Titlp com- to prepare title reports on of San Antonio. ACTION URGED. Maddox pointed out the court promised last March 29 to provide'the right-'ol-way. right-of-way for a stretch beginnini 6.3 miles west of San Antonio and extending 103 miles to thp. Medina county line. HARDWARE DEALER DIES. GAINESVILLE, Aug. 23. Frank X. Schad. 70, past president of the Texas Hardware and Imple- ment Dealers' association and a lainesville hardware merchant for 22 years, died here today. National Guard Bill Goes to FDR WASHINGTON, Aug. The senate sent to the White House oday legislation authorizing the jresident to call the national guard and army reserves to active duty for a period of 12 consecutive months. The chamber completed legisla- ive action on the resolution by ac- cepting without dlsspnt a confer- ence report previously approved by he' house. anywhere within the Western hem- isphere or the Philippine Islands. The legislation provides any guardsman or reserve under the rank of captain who has depend- ents with no other means of sup- port could resign within 20 days after he lias been ordered into ac- tive service. Guard members under 18 years of ape would be given hon- orable discharges. Re-employment of those Inducted As finally ennctPd, Ihp measure into service would he requirpd nf vould make approximately 396.000jemployers, nfler Ihpir pprlod of nc- of thp eunrd. officers re-jttvp sprvlpp ended, with n provision _ erve corps, pnllsled reserves and I that they should not. then be dls- loOiet units fiibject to Rctiva servicsj charged without lor one Weather Forecast San Antonio and vicinity: Partly cloudy Friday night nnd Saturday. Light to gentle easterly winds. Air- port temperatures: high Friday about 90; low Friday night about 66; high Saturday about 90; high Thursday 90; low Friday morning 65. City temperatures: high Thurs- day 90; low Friday morning G8. East Texas (east one-hundredth Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday. Gentle Io fresh northeast and southeast, winds on the coast. West Texas (west one-hundredth Partly cloudy Friday night; Saturday fair, except after- noon cloudiness in the. southwest portion nnd scattered Afternoon showers and thunderstorms in HIP northern portion. Not much change in temperature. Rieber Resigns as Texas Director NEW YORK, Aug. Torkild Rieber, who quit the chair- manship of Texas corporation last week, resigned today as a director and the company announced his complete retirement from the af- fairs" of the big oil concern. His chairmanship resignation took place following disclosure of his as- sociations with Geriiardt Westrick, special trade envoy accredited by the German embassy in Washing- ton. Texas corporation announced the post of chairman of the board had been abolished and its duties had been assumed by W. S. S. Rodgers. in addilion to his duties as presi- WASH1NGTON. AllB. President Roosevelt said today he was personally and absolutely op- posed to postponement of compul- sory military training until nPxt year. Tile president told a press con- ference increments of man power were needed now to learn to use modem fighting equipment that already is on hand. To iml off actual drafting of men, lie said, would delay tlir whole de- fense proprnm a year or two. A few minutPs aflPr the presi- I ripnt's press conference, congress icomplptpd action on lepislatlon em- jpowerlni; Ihp chief executive to call Ihp national cnnrd nnd nrmv re- sprvc.s active duty for a 12- month period. Srnnir nt-ccplancr of ;in aprpp- mpni with ihf> on a final drnft ot Ihc legislation, sent the bill to thp White House. Upon Kifrnine by Roosevelt, ap- proxImnMy 396.000 men become subject to active service within the Western Hemisphere. The army has termed the bill a necessary prelude to Ihp training of men brought into service through con- nnd when consrcss votes the compulsory training legis- lation favored by Ihp president; Roosevelt, said cnnprpss hnd bppn considcrlnET the siibjpct since June 20 and still was talking about it. If a bill should not be enacted in the nrxt couple of weeks, he added, work if right-of-way is not pro-j there was going to be real delay In 'the defense program. ROCKNE CITED. Likening this program to the con- sistently winning Notre Dame foot- ball teams under the late Knute Rocknc, the president asserted if Rockne had started a season with only nine pro.speotivp players in- stead of 44 four full teams would not have had a winning tcnm. If thp United States is invaded, it wants to win, the chief executive said, adding we had better have a good football team than none at all. Pending in the senate as the president spoke was an amendment proposed to the Burke-Wadsworth conscription bill by Senator Ma- loney (D.-Conn.) which would de- lay actual selection of men for ac- tive military service until Janu- ary 1. Roosevelt expressed himself as emphatically opposed to such de- lay. Shortly before Senator Glass had joined the ranks of conscription advocates opposing the- Maloney amendment, "1 think we have postponed get- ting ready for years." Glass told reporters, "and I am not in favor of postponing action for another Maddox urged action, pointing vided soon. Haberkoni stated judge Ander- to complete the highway since it is a link In a military road chain, and despite the judge's 1938 cam- paign platform against warrants. The judge, he said, considers thi: an "emergency." TITLE WORK ORDERED. It was said warrants for this and similar work, to the amount of S40.000. probably will be issued by SAN QUENT1N, Calif., Aug. Wi-Rodney Greig. 23. died in the San Quentin prison gas chamber today for the hunting knife slay- ing two years ago of beautiful Leona Vlught. 20. The "strange impulse" killing of the blonde girl occurred in the hills back of Oakland, as the two sat in Ureig's car, parked on a "lovers' lane." dent of Texas company, iary. a subsid- SHIP REACHES CANADA. AN EASTERN CANADIAN PORT. Aug. camouflaged liner with more than 1200 passengers, including several hundred British children, reached this port today from Britnin. The children were re- ported to be bound for homes in the United States as well as Cana- da. War At A Glance By ihe Associated Press. Battle of Britain. British long-range guns shell German-held Calais on French coast, replying to Nazis' "big Bertha" shelling of Dover; London scoffs at Berlin claim big guns can control channel; German bombers attack three London suburbs, renew violent air raids elsewhere in island kingdom; RAF bombers raid western Germany. Greek crisis. Fascists in Rome sound clear warning Italy will in- vade Greece if British occupy Greek islands; Britain renews pledge to aid Greece if attacked by Italy. Albanian newspaper charges Greeks close frontier to keep Albanian farmers from working land in Greek territory. Mediterranean maneuvers. British bombers destroy two Italian submarines, data oil page Z) i destroyer and depot ship in Libyan harbor. But resuming senate debate on conscription. Senator Wiley (R.- contended voluntary service should be given a trial before com- pursory training is ordered. "The senate cannot afford to hasten action on this bill. Every angle is too important. IE we de- bate this for three more weeks, it 'vill not, in my opinion, delay pre- paredness. Conscription advocates quickly contended President Roosevelt's statement to the press would tip tlie scales against the Maloney amendment.. Senator Burke (D.- co-author of the pending neapurp. said he thought the presi- ricnt'r: virws would result in pass- age of the Burke-Wadsworth bill without "vitiating amendments" such as the- Matney proposal. Most, observers agreed a senate vote on the Maloney proposal was unlikely before next week. The president said the govern- ment had been concentrating on letting orders for new equipment, and much of it was to be delivered this fall and next spring. The equipment without man pow- er is of no use. lie declared. The present .strength of the army and national guard. HIP president continued, was around 400.000 men, and the dim wn.s to raise this to a year from this fall. BASE MATTER STATIC. There was no news, he told re- porters, on thp ncROliatlons with Britain on leasing by the United States of some of thp Brlli.sh pos- In this hemisphere for navnl bn.se.v. There nlsn was nothinn Iw said, hp Hdrlpd, on thp qupstlnn of (Continued 4, Col. it
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