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San Antonio Express (Newspaper) - September 9, 1936, San Antonio, Texas NEWS For more than 70 years San Antonio Dipress has been giving its the That la fim concern always. FEATURES to Antonio (or u u nrlcty. aad appreciate VOL. 253 SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 9, 1936 -SIXTEEN PAGES PRICE 6 1865 the Texas Planning Board's first acts after it was appointed in 1935, was to draft a seven-point (later expanded to a nine-point) program for long- range conservation, development and use of the State's resources. Third on that schedule was "con- servation and proper utilization of the surface and underground water-resources." Evidently the planners considered water next after public health and the land, as the most valuable item of Texas' wealth. That estimate is well-founded: water is as essential to the State's life as the blood- stream is to the human body. Consequently the Board's assign- ment to its Water Resources Com- i mittee is vitally important. fHAT GROUP headed by Chairman John A. Norris, State Board of Water Engineers has begun its work. Water-conservation is a labor of generations, but progress is being achieved. In any event the indis- pensable fact-finding upon which to base a long-range program has been resumed. For some years past the State aid from the United States Geological been measuring the Texas stream-flow and have surveyed underground water-re- sources. Those labors have been handicapped by a lack of funds; therefore, when the planners ob- tained from the Government for resuming that work, they served the cause usefully. Surveys are under way in typical areas all over the State, including 70 South Texas counties. When that task shall be completed, the engineers will possess 'data for comprehensive underground-water map of all Texas. That will be something new and useful. 'A S Chairman Norris explains, Weather Bureau records show Texas' average annv.al rainfall at 26 inches (375 million Only 35 million acre feet (about 9 per cent) runs off in the streams. "It is easy to see that a vast amount of water is left in underground reservoirs When the State grows it will become necessary to find out where all this water is, how much there is, how much is recoverable and how much can be drawn out annually without harmfully depleting the supply." To collect all that infor- mation mainly through small- bore drilling is the task em- braced in the undei-ground survey. The underground water map will indicate in what areas irrigation districts may be established, where industrial centers may be devel- oped and where cities may be1 built with assurance that the water- supply never will give out. At the same time the planners are con- cerned with the conservation, con- trol, distribution and use of sur- face water through terraces, di- version and check dams, small dams in creeks and larger dams in rivers, lakes and reservoirs, I IKE most South Texas com- munity, county and -regional expositions this year, Hallettsville Free Thursday and running through Sunday has been enlarged to mark the Cen- tennial. Recognizing the unusual significance of the event, Repre- sentative Mansfield and President Walton of Texas A. and M. Col- lege will deliver addresses. Three neighbor cities will send bands to furnish music for the four-day program. Cuero's widely-known Turkey Trot Band, Yorktown's Cowboy Band and the Yoakum High School Band will give con- certs, march in the parade and take part in the pageants and tournaments. Homecoming, Cen- tennial, Firemen's and Children's Days will be featured. On Friday Dr. Walton will unveil a monu- ment to the heroes of the Confed- eracy. MOST CITIES for a hundred miles or so around will par- ticipate in the opening parade and the historical pageants. The chil- dren will have their own parade on Saturday. Music, a hose-laying competition and athletics will mark the firemen's participation on Sunday. The agricultural exhibits will be drawn from flour- ishing farms in Lavaca and adjoin- ing region in which the chicken-and-egg business, tur- key-raising, dairying, truck-grow- ing, vineyards and fig orchards are highly developed. As at other fairs, the community exhibits will be kept intact and conspicuously displayed. That method of creat- ing neighborhood spirit is proving effective all over Texas. IE OF DISTROST OF ROOSEVELT Whether It Will Reach Coast And Mountain States By November Doubtful FIGHT ELSEWHERE Far West Never Learns What It's All About Until Months Too Late David Lawrence begins today a series of five dispatches summariz- ing conclusions reached after his visit to 13 States In the Rocky Mountain and Pacific Coast re- gions. Mr. Lawrence plans to visit the New England States next and then the Central West, covering 40 out of the 48 States before elec- .tlon day. By David Lawrence (Copyright. 1836, San Antonio Express) CHICAGO, Sept. a tide running against the New Deal. It is no insignificant tide. It rep- resents the return of Republicans to the Republican party from their 1933 resentment against Hoover and it represents the defection of a number of Jeffersonian Demo- crats who do not like the New Deal. It will mean reduced ma- jorities everywhere for Roosevelt. But whether the. tide is suffi- cient to give Landon these 13 Western States in the -electoral college of 1936, or merely reflects a trend that will reach a climax with a Republican Congress in 1938 is the real question. My own feeling- is that the tide is not stronge enough as yet in these Western States to lose for Roose- velt the electoral votes of this region, although I realize that I visited the Rocky Mountain and Pacific Coast sections much ear- lier than I have ever before in presidential campaign years. Usually Behind East. It Is characteristic of the Far West and Rocky Mountain States that they do not get the waves of opinion held in the East until months and months after contro- versies have reached their height in the East. Perhaps the differ- ence in time and distance may account somewhat for It, but even economic waves do not touch the Pacific Coast as quickly they do the Middle West or the East. Significantly enough, I did not find a single Western State In which the Republicans privately conceded that they were beaten. They would always admit that, if the election were held today, they might lose out, but they had defi- nite convictions about the possi- ble outcome in November. Expect October Change. Upon analysis, I found that the Republican leaders, talking off the record, were depending'either on Lemke-Coughlin votes or Townsend votes or the split-up in the Democratic party due to Stato fights, but they had also an abid- ing confidence that a tide would begin to roll by October which would swing their States into the Republican column by narrow mar- gins. On the Democratic side, I found considerably more uneawiness than I expected. Thus, one Democratic chieftain in a Western State told me early In July that he expected Roosevelt to carry that State by. as against a 1932 majority of about but when I return- ed to the same State in August, my same informant told me he thought the State would be rather and by that he meant or either way. What had happened in the In- terim? Well, the lines were be- ginning to crystalize in local pri- mary contests, and this revealed the reaction of voters .that it was not possible to determine before. Polls Catch Eye I found a considerable interest in the informal polls almost every- where, such as those taken by the American Institute of Public Opin- ion and the Literary Digest, but somehow these polls do not ex- plain the trends and the reasons for the shifts in the sample bal- lots. This can be ascertained only by talking to the well-informed men on both sides who are them- selves canvassing voters all the time through .their organizations. A. reporter who can gain the con- fidence of these leaders and who Is conscientious in reporting ob- jectively what he finds will dis- cover in the present trends much that the.polls cannot, in the very nature of things, reveal. For often the contest Jn a state is between gro'ups of voters or between dif- ferent section of the same state. I derived the general impression that politics is not quite as hot In the Far West as in the Middle West or East, that the anti-Roose- velt senyment of the Rocky Moun- tain and Pacific Coast regions is by no means as Intense as in the Continued on Page 3, Column 8. Weather Man Sez "Cloudy' Ban Antonio and vicinity: Partly cloudy with gentle to moderate south- erly winds. Texts: Partly cloudy Wednesday and Thursday. Gentle to moderate south- erly winds on the coast. Hourly Temperatures. San Antonio, Tex., Sept. 7-8, 1938. Sp.m.......... 81 8 a.m.......... 73 19 9 a.m.......... 75 lOp.m.......... 78 10 a.m.......... 79 llp.m.......... 77 11 a.m.......... 83 12Mldnlght---- 78 12NOOH........ 88 1 a.m.......... 75 1 p.m.......... 88 2 a.m.......... 75 2 p.m.......... 90 3 a.m.......... 75 3 p.m.......... 92 4 a.m.......... 74 4 p.m.......... 93 Sa.m.......... 74 Sp.m.......... 91 6a.m........., 73 8 p.m.......... 88 7 a.m.......... 73 7 p.m.......... 87 New Deal's Straw Wolf Topples Over By Ray Tucker WASHINGTON, Sept. 8. Pat predictions that leaders of busl- and industry would curtail expansion and expenditures until after the November election so as to prejudice the payroll voter against the New Deal are not borne out even by New Dealers' inquiries. Two great Industries which wholly dislike Roosevelt are lead- Ing the- recovery making no political along the road. Responding to demands, several steel corporations have not waited until after Nov. 3 to an- nounce plans for millions of dol- lars' worth of new plant construc- tion. The public utilities weekly broadcast new records of produc- tion, and are vying with TVA and REA in reaching out for hitherto untapped markets. These indus- tries' demands have awakened those two drowsy tion and railroading. This resumption of activity cuts two ways, politically. The Lan- donites argue that natural forces "American way of could not be dammed up even by the New Deal. But President Roosevelt's October speeches will hall all this progress as a direct result of New Deal policies which "we planned." LANDON WILL Plans to Give Address In Portland Saturday Night (By Associated TOPEKA, Kans., Sept. a surprise announcement, Gov. Alf M. Landon said tonight he would go to Maine "to participate in the first fighting repudiation" of the New Deal by closing the State Re- publican campaign with a Port- land speech Saturday night. A brief one-sentence statement told the Republican candidate's plan and automatically cancelled, at least for the time being, a na- tipnal of young Repub- licans scheduled here Friday. Pre- vious statements had projected a Mid-West farm tour late this month as the next major campaign swing. "I am going to Landon said, "to help rededlcate that state to the good government for whlqh it has always stood and to partici- pate in the first fighting repudia- tion at the polls of the kind of government this country has had for the last three years." Maine's election day, the first in the union, is Monday, Sept. 14, The presidential nominee's an- nouncement was telephoned from the governor's mansion, where Landon spent the afternoon, to E. Ross Hartley, his press representa- tive. The Portland speech will be broadcast over the red network of the National Broadcasting Sys- tem, but the time of its delivery was not set. Itinernry Sketched Aides sketched this Itinerary for the trip: Landon will leave Topeka Thurs- day night on the regular Santa Fe train at p. m. (C. S. T.) ar- riving In Chicago Friday morning, he will take a New York Central train to New York City and there board a special train for the New England trip. En route through Massachusetts, the nominee will make a" few rear platform appearances. Plans for the return trip were not yet avail- able. Before .his Maine trip was an- nounced, newsmen had been noti- fied that an Important development might be forthcoming. During the day, the executive committee of the Republican National Committee discussed campaign etrategy In Chi- cago and John D. M. Hamilton, National Chairman, forecast the Republicans would carry Maine "all down the line in excess of Advisers were not able to say immediately whether Landon would confer with Herbert-Hoover during the trip. The Governor said re- cently that he "hoped" to see the former President on Hoover's way home from an Eastern trip. The unexpected Maine announce- ment was, issued Just before Landon attended a circus performance with newsmen. 49 Today. Tomorrow the Kansan will cele- brate the 49th anniversary of his birth ir West Middlesex, Pa. Aides said that unless it was elderberry favorite of the special celebration of his birthday had been arranged. Mrs. Landon ana the nominee's three children were in Estes Park, Col. Only the Governor and his 79-year-old father, John M. Lan- Continued on Pagre 3, Column 1. CHILDREN PICKET MILWAUKEE WOMAN (By Aitoclitid Prni) MILWAUKEE, Sept. Edward Uhlar, noticing that a grrup of children had started a bonfire on vacant property near her home, routed the children and put out the'fire. Then the youngsters, aged 8 to 14, returned to parade in front of her home bearing that read "Unfair to Children." SOVIET AND HITLER PREPARE PEOPLES Russia Holds War Games In Ukraine While Nazis Stir-Up Hate BIG SHOTTODAY Germans to Hear Fuehrer Expound Ideas On Kultur (By Atsoelitxi praii) MINSK. Russia, Sept. So- viet mustered troops on the "White Russia" frontier tonight for an- nual war games which, admittedly, were a pointed answer to German animosity. While thousands of Hitler youth paraded through the streets of Numbers, Germany, reading signs which called the Communists "World Enemy No. the Rus- sian high command Inveighed against "the Fascist The military maneuvers were ar- ranged to work out problems of protecting the western territory ot the U. S. S. R., particularly the Ukraine and the area contiguous to Poland's eastern frontier.' Here, where the ranking Com- munist military strategists ure as- sembled preparatory to the open- ins: of the sham warfare, troops will practice in a region roughly half way between Moscow and Ber- lin. Four of the five marshals of the Red army arrived, the only ab- sentee being Gen. Vaslle K. Bluech- er, commander of the Far East- ern forces. Talks for Germany Marshal Klementi E. Vorcshiloff, commissar of war and navy, breathed defiance of any aggres- sion against Russia. "We have enemies within ami outside our he declared. "We can deal with the numerical small internal enemies. "Bu't at the same time, the Fas- cist enemy is prepared to attack us from the outside. Let him prepare. We were ready long ago to resist him." The Soviet press warned the army was ready to meet any threat and hailed it as the strongest in the- world.. The maneuvers will be highly mechanized, and will focus atten- tion on air strength. Military ob- servers, from Czechoslovakia, Great Britain and France arrived to watch the war games. Russia Says It's Tlciulr MOSCOW, Sept. warnings that "the specter of Avar, is approaching nearer and resounded in the Soviet press to- njght as the Red AYmy marched midway between Berlin and Mos- cow in maneuvers along the Pol- ish frontier. The Moscow press boasted the Soviets were able to protect the fatherland. The Pravda. said. "The ominous specter of war Is approaching nearer and nearer. The danger is too real for one to confine -it to resolutions and oral demonstrations. One must fight actively for peace." The real problems of the army maneuvers began tonight at the same time as residents ot cities throughout the Ukraine took part in chemical air defense maneuvers. M. Coloded, chairman of the council of Peoples' Commissars in "White speaking before Marshal Klem_entl E. Voroshlloff, Commissar of War and Navy, said at Minsk: "We want Voroshlloff to inform the commissars and Stalin that White Russia which formerly was an oppressed region of Russian czarism has now been converted into the best of republics with so- cialist labor. We assure them that the frontiers of our republic are firmly locked and the keys to that lock we hand to Stalin and Voro- shiloff. Only according to their orders shall we open our frontier." Hitler .Sounds Olf NURNBERG, Germany, Sept 8. Chancellor Adolf Hitler tonight proclaimed his restoration rf "full arms sovereignty" to the German nation during the last year. Der Fuehrer's assertion was con- tained In a three-minute speech made before hundreds of thousands of cheering Nazis gathered in Nurn- berg for their annual party con- vention. Everywhere were placards term- Ing Bolshevism "world enemy No. as the Relchsfuehrer worked over his first important speech scheduled to be delivered at 8 p. m. Wednesday. Its subject, it was given out, vould be 'Culture." Said Hitler today, during brief ceremonies at the city hall where he was presented with a four- Continued on Page 3, Column 2. TINY PIECE OF STEEL BROKEN BY HAMMER BLOW KILLS MAN (By l LOS ANGELES, Sept. S.- A tiny piece of steel broken by a ham- mer blow that gave It bullet-like force killed Alfred Santos, garage proprietor, today. The steel, about the, size ot a dime, struck Santos near the heart, levering a large vein. He died in a police ambulance. Officers said the accident occurred while San- tos' helper was hammering on an atucmoblle axel. IN ALCAZAR SILENT, PORTUGAL BLASTHIIUTINY French Radical Strikers De- mand Aid For Brethren In Spain BASQUES-PRESSED Offer of Surrender of San Sebastian Refused By Rebels (By Allocated Presi) TOLEDO, Spain, Sept. guns within the besciged rebel fort- tress, the Alcazar, were stilled to- night for the first time since the seigc opened July 20. Heavy bombardment by govern- ment artillery apparently had driv- en the rebels from their gun 1m- placements in the towers and win- dows of the historic structure. Since dawn Tuesday not a single shot had answered the heavy can- noadlng. Despite the apparently hopeless situation of the besieged men. women and children, government attackers watched in vain for a white flag. Those within apparently were banking on a last hope of rebel forces breaking through the gov- ernment lines surrounding the city and rescuing them. Although machine gun detach- ments and GOO militiamen armed with hand grenades awaited orders to etorm the Alcazar, the govern- ment preferred to continue bom- bardment rather than rush the fortress. Three walls showed great gaps where the ponderous masonry had crumbled under the long bombard- ment. Portuguese Kcbcls Put Doun LISBON, Portugal, Sept. government clamped military con- trol on Lisbon tonight after quick- ly nipping revolts on two naval vessels In the Tagus HIver harbor off Lisbon. The capital itself was calm as was the countryside, reports said. Six mutinous members of the crews were killsd and nine injured before the government disabled the vessels and beached them, ar- resting their crews. Attempted revolts occurred on the destroyer Dao and the sloop Alfonso de Albuquerque. As soon as those on shore were awnre of the mutinies, the gov- ernment land batteries Altoduque and Almada trained their guns on the ships, speedily disabling the ships and pounding the crews into submission. Towed to shore the crews were thrown into jails as authorities worked to learn whether the mu- tinies had any far-reaching rami- fications. News Censored Rigid censorship delayed com- plete reports on the rebellion and whether the incidents were con- nected with the civil war in neighboring Spain. The Madrid government has ac- cused Portugal of aiding the Span- ish Fascist rebels, and Lisbon to- night had not yet unconditionally accepted a place on the neutrality body scheduled to sit in London Wednesday. Extraordinary precautions were taken by the government in Lis- bon as the sound of the firing died away. Both the war vessels concerned carried four 4.7-inch guns. The Doa displaces tons, and the stoop tons. Strong guards were placed around all ministries In Lisbon. Witnessing the bombardments were the British stertmers Asturias and Strathmore, carrying several Wilder Democrats Trail InWashington Primary, Johnson Wins Colorado Democrats for Muzzling Press At University (By Atitclatttf Prni) FORT WORTH, Tex., Sept. The Democratic state convention tonight rejected a resolution re- questing of the University of Texas to lift faculty censorship Imposed on the student newspaper, the Dally Texan. In the second big controversy of night session, it voted, 520 to 333, against a majority report of the resolutions committee favor- ins the resolution. Proponents of the resolution charged the censorship set a dan- gerous precedent, threatened free speech and a free press and stifled proper development of students. Opponents argued that the re- gents were charged with responsi- bility of managing the school and its internal problems should be left to their solution. The resolution was sponsored by Senator-elect Franklin Spears of San Antonio, Representative Albert Continued on Page 3. Column 6. Toronto Family Told Chil- dren Wil! Be Kidnaped If They Compete (By Anocliled Press) TORONTO, Sept. Grazl- ano said tonight that he and his wife may forego their claim that their nine children make them eligible for the Millar "baby will" contest, because of anonymous threats against the children. Two letters have been received in the past few days warning that their children will be kidnaped on the way to school unless they with- draw from the contest, he declared. "I think more of my children than ot any amount of he said. Graziano ha.s asked for police protection and takes his five young- sters of school age to and from school four times a day, When Mrs. Graziano, the French- Canadian mother, was lying in St. Michael's Hospital following birth of n child Aug. 11, tlie first threat- ening letter, written In Italian, was received. The other two letters have been in English and in different hand- writing. Threats against the Grazianos are the second reported over the Millar will marathon. Mrs. Grace Sagnato, another contender, recent- ly said she was warned by letter and telephone that she would never touch any rf the prize money un- less she settled with "certain par- ties." Charles Vance Millar, millionaire lawyer, left to the Toron- to mother who bore the most chil- dren In the 10 years following his 'death. The time limit is up on Oct. 31, 1936. Continued on Page 3. Column 4. HEADS SERVICE Joseph E. Murphy, Punished By Morgenthau, To Act As Secret Service Chief
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