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San Antonio Express Newspaper Archive: August 5, 1936 - Page 1

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   San Antonio Express (Newspaper) - August 5, 1936, San Antonio, Texas                                NEWS For more than 70 years San Antonio Express has been giving its readers the news. That is its first concern always. FEATURES In San Antonio ExprtM for service at variety. Readers enjoy and alto appreciate them. VOL. 218 SAN ANTONIO. TEXAS. WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 5, 1936 -SIXTEEN PAGES PRICE 5 1866 QN the (lay the Government be- gan purchasing cattle from drouth-stricken farmers in- the Grain Belt as a relief measure, Governor Landotuappealed to busi- nessmen for co-operation with farmers in practical plans for sav- ing Kansas' "valuable livestock herds." Thereby he applied to a present situation the principles emphasized in his acceptance ad- dress. "We have always been a self-reliant people in Kansas. An acute feed-shortage on livestock farms demands prompt action. It is my hope and belief that it will not be necessary to sacrifice any large number of valuable breed- ing-animals by sending them to the market. Livestock has always been regarded as the best farm collateral. There should be a pood market and good prices next year. This is one of the strongest possible reasons for livestock men to hold on and for their communi- ties to co-operate with them in holding on." LANDON therefore pro- poses a concerted movement by Kansas of commerce and other civic or- prevent farmers from sacrificing the cattle because of the drouth. As he suggests, if the animals can be saved they will be worth probably twice as much next spring. The Governor does not specify how that is to be ac- complished, but probably the banks could advance feed-loans on the livestock as collateral. Such a program would involve shipping many a trainload of feedstuffs out of Texas and other more favored States which have grown a crop, into the drouth zone. Would it not be simpler and more economical to ship the cattle to the place where the feed is? IN working out "practical plans" as the Governor has suggested, Kansas farmers and co-operating businessmen should consider the advisability of sending the animals to Texas ranges for grazing. They have assurance from Ralph H. Harris of San Angelo, spokesman for the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association, that Texas now has grass for several million extra head of range a'ni- mals. He has stated that the area southwest of the T. P. Railroad alone could graze all the cattle in the Dakotas. Probably the rest of Texas easily could pasture all Kansas' livestock in addition to its own. Mr. Harris estimated that Texas could support 50 per cent more cattle than it has now. That would take care of about 3% mil- lion head. It would be a pity to let all that grass go to waste while cattle in the drouth regions starved. It would be even worse to slaughter the animals and risk a grave shortage of beef and dairy products next year, when Texas grass might save them. FORMAL ORGANIZATION of the Sabine-Ncches Conservation District (covering 30 East Texas counties) promises another long step toward the State-planners' goal harnessing Texas flood waters and putting them to work. Like the Nueces and the Guada- lupe-Blanco Valley Authorities, the East Texas group is concerned with developing an entire stream- basin according to a unified plan. The areajn question is specifically covered by the Patton Congress passed last recting the War Department to survey and map the watershed for flood-control and irrigation; "A S its announced purpose sug- gests, the Sabine-Neches proj- ect will cover somewhat more ter- ritory than its predecessors. It will combat malaria, floods, soil-ero- sion, drouth and forest-depletion. As residents in that region still pay toll to malaria, the eradication of that ill will be the first consid- eration. Getting rid of the mos- quito is consistent with water- conservation. The plans call for checking the runoff after a rain and storing excess moisture in the subsoil, instead of in marshes and stagnant pools. experi- ence has is pos- sible to have sanctuaries for water- fowl without a mosquito plague. 'AS several million acres of once fertile farmland there was re- duced to submarginal status by the topsoil washing away, East Texas farmers will know how to appre- ciate the anti-erosion phase of the new program. Reforestation is vi- tally important, also; that is the pine woods country, where tree- yield speedier returns to the than almost anywhere else. IN F. 0.'S CIVIL Roosevelt Move Only Eiv trenches Politically Ap- pointed Postmasters CONGRESS KEY Competitive System' Impos- sible as Long as: Senators Hold Veto Power By DAVID (Copyright, 1936, San Antonio Express.) WASHINGTON, Aug. about a fortnight ago, an executive order came from the Whtle House, supposedly putting all postmasters, under the "merit and it was hailed far" and wide as a "step in th right direction." But unfortunately it now turns out that the order really means the entrenchment of politically- appointed postmasters and does not call for the application oC civil service reform of a permanent character. The United States Civil Service Commission has Issued a memoran- dum in answer to inquiries. It says in part: "5. Does 'the new system actual- ly 'put the postoffices under civil service' "It will require an act of Con- gress to eliminate the four-year term of office and eliminate the re- quirement of confirmation by the Senate. "6. Will this plan actually 'take politics out of the appointment of postmasters? "This question is answered under 5. "7. What will be the chances of present postmasters being reap- polnted under the new Will their chances of continuing in of- fice be better than under the old system Will they be given any preference? Rests With Postmaster General. "The power of appointment re- mains in the President of the Untied States, with recommenda- tion to him by the postmaster gen- eral, subject, ot course, to non- competitive examination by the Civil Service Commission.. These questions therefore can be answer- ed only by the postmaster Jfeneral, except that the order does not give any preference to incumbent post- masters." But while the order may not give any preference, it. goes without say- ng that an incumbent postmaster will be a candidate for reappoint- rnent, and he can be reappointed for another four-year term without having to compete with anybody else in an examination. The "non- Continued on Page 3. Column 5. OFFICIALS HELD Charged With Aiding 000 Embezzlement. (By Associated press) RUTLAND, Vt., Aug. deputy sheriff arrested two of Rut- land's leading business men to- night on a charge of "aiding and abetting" in the alleged embezzle- ment of from the Marble Savings Bank by John J. former bookkeeper. Gov. Charles M. Smith is presi- dent the bank. Kamuel A. Howard, trustee oC the bank and vice president for the Vermont Marble Company, wa.s arrested while playing golf, Lath- rop H. Baldwin, treasurer the bank, was taken at his home. Each was balled in a total involved in six counts con- tained in the warrants. Brownsville Boy Admits Drowning L ad i n Re sac a Confesses After Implicat- ing Two In n o c e n t Youngsters Held Head Under Water, He Tells Officers. (Special Telefram) BROWNSVILLE. Tex., Aag. After glibly telling conflicting stories which' resulted in the Jailing of two innocent youngsters a small J. 2-year-old Victoria Heights School boy confessed here Tuesday that he drowned Tommy Bachman, nine, son o.f. Mr. and Mrs. Carl Bachman. In tlfe city resaca at Rlnggold Street, April SO. "1 held his head under the water, and he drank a the youngster, told officers.' "I let him go and he went to the bottom. Then T hid his clothes in the brush and went he told investigating of- ficers at the police station. The boy, who will be charged M'ith ,1uvehile delinquency, gave no mo- tive for drowning his playmate, other than saying they were play- ing and scuffling, Soon after Tommy's body was recovered from the resaca by his grief-stricken parents, the young- ster now ,held came forward and told officers he saw the boy in swimming with two other young- sters. 'He also told officers these boys had Tommy's shoes and belt, and subsequent information proved this to be true. The two boys, however, vigorously denied having been in swimming with Tommy and declared that they had found the shoes .and belt hidden under brush of the banks ot the resaca. The youngster now held continued to weave circumstantial evld e n c e about the two boys until officers caught him In several contradictory statements. TOALCAIRAZISLE Reporter Learns of Move- ment Despite Guards Who Profess Ignorance. Kansas City Demo c r a t i c Machine Works Smooth- ly For Stark. MONTERREY CIVICA ORDERED DISSOLVED (By Associated Press) LARKDO, Tex., Aag. here today said Gov. .Anacleto Guerrero Nuevo Leon, Mexico, ordered' Mayor Hllibento Monte- mayor of Monterrey to dissolve the anti-Communistic Accion Clvica Naciolanista and Los Dorados, 'or Gold Shirts. The disbanclment of the Rightist groups, the advices said, was or- dered on grounds pf the organiza- tions were spreading propaganda to incite the people against the gov- ernment. Communists of the Mexico resort city engaged members of the Clvica organization in a. fight last Wednes- day. Three were' killed and sev- eral founded and about 500 mem- bers of the anti-Red group jailed. Weather Man Sez "Fair1' San Antonio and vicinity: Fair. weather Wednesday. Texas: Generally fair Wednesday and Thursday. Gentle to moderate southeast, winds on the coast. Hourly Temperature San Antonio. Tex., Aug. 3-4, 1938. 8p.m.....----. 81 8a.m.......... 74 Sp.m.......i..SO 9a.m.......... 77 10p.m.......... 78 11 p.m...........-78 lla.m..........83 12Midnlght.... 77 la.m......---- 76 1 p.m..........88 2a.m.......... 75 2 p.m.......... 90 3a.m.......... 74 3p.m..........'92 4a.m.......... 73 4 p.m.......... 93 5p.m..........82 6 a.m.......... 73 6p.m.......... 7a.m.......... 73 7p.m.......... 90 (By Associated Press) ST! LOUIS, Aug. Rocketed nto an opening lead by the force of the powerful Tom J. Pendergast Democratic organization, Maj. Lloyd C. Stark, rural Missouri nur- seryman, ran away from William Hirth, militant farm leader, in first returns of their race'for the Missouri Democratic gubernatorial nomination tonight. Complete unofficial returns from more than a fourth of the State's precincts gave Stark. a rural nurseryman, votes. Hirth -he pegged his campaign to a. militant attack on what he termed "boss control" ot the party had In Kansas. City, where the Pen.- dergast forces 'carried on in Ihe absence of their leader, ill in New York, the farm leader virtually was out of the picture. The- first 161 precincts reported in that city (Jackson County) gave Hirth a scant 433 votes. Stark took 66.187 votes in the same pre- cincts. The 'Republican voters gave for- mer .State Attorney General Jesse W. Barrett a sizeable lead in his bid for the party's gubernatorial nomination.. Barrett virtually dis- regarded his intra-party opposition during the campaign to Join Hirth in his "bossism attack. Returns from of the State's precincts gave Bstrrett His, nearest opponent, .Claude L. Lambert of Kansas City had Continued on Page 3{ Column 4. (By Associated Press) DENVER, Aug. Federal prisoner's slight nod to a reporter's query was the only indication that Alvln Karpis, sentenced In St. Paul in the Hamm kidnaping case, was aboard a railway prison -car which stopped In Denver lot n few minutes tonight while en route to Alcatraz Island prison in Cali- fornia. The car, attached to a L'nion Pa- cific train which arrived in Denver about p. m. (MST) mure than five hours late, held 19 prisoners, but the half dozen prison guards that swarmed out of the vestibules as the train slowed to a. sLop were silent on questions regarding Kar- pis and Thomas Robinson .Tr., sen- tenced, In the Stoll kidnaping case at Louisville, .Ky. "I don't even know was the reply one guard made when if the men were aboard. Guard Docs His Duly. Although neither Karpis nor Robinson was recognizer! among the men visible in the car. a re- porter asked one of the prisoners at an open window if the two were aboard. He nodded his heal in the affirmative in a very brief moment before a guard rushed up and forced the reporter tn move back. "You do any talking and that window will be closed for the rest of the the guard told the prisoner. The train to which the prison car was attached was due in Denver at p. m.. hut due to a wash- out on the Union Pacifi.'. tracks east of here wa's rerouted over Den- ver Rio Grande Westei n tracks through Colorado While guards were silent on the destination of the prisoners, train- men said the car had routed to San Francisco. Alcatraz prison island is just outside th.-.r city. The trainmen said the i-nr was picked up last night at Lan-rence, Kan. In addition- to the half dozen Federal prison guards who pa- trolled the railroad station plat- form alongside the coach while it was stopped here, four special agents of the Union Pacific- Rail- road stood, at the car s'_cps. CHAUTAUQUA SKUNK STOPS SINGER; LEAVES (By Associated Press) CHAUTAUQUA. N. Y.. Aug. An audience of persons in the huge open air auditorium here gasped tonight when a skunk walked on the stage where George Britton, singer, was in the middle ot a spiritual: For a moment the nudience squirmed uneasily and Britton stopped singing. Then he broke Into another song called "I Got Plenty of Nothin'." The skunk turned around and scurried for the woods. Market Bearish While Agri- culture Department Talks Relief. POLITICS DENIED President Says Inspection Trip Will Be On Non-- Partisan Basis, QUARREL FATAL (By Associated Press) PAMPA, Tex., Aug. cafe quarrel; which ended ir a fight last Thursday, proved fatal today to Charlie Nugent Knrp, 43, farmer of White Deer. Physicians said his death was caused by a blow on the head. County Attorney Frank Murray said...imirder charges would be filed} against the cafe proprietor. (By Associated press) CHTCAGO, Aug. and cooler weather smashed grain prices downward today, but brought no measurable aid to the farm belt's withering corn crop. Corn fell back 4 cents to end a week of advances which had added more than 20 cents to the value of a bushel. September closing at Jl.10 li Wheat's maximum loss was 3 Vi cents. Butter, eggs and potato futures dropped from six-year peak levels under heavy profit taking. The rain ranged from a trace to a ha'f inch in similar quantities in adjacent was too scattered and too light generally to affect the corn crop, which Meteorologist C. D. Reed at Des reported "damaged beyond recovery." Prospocts for more rain in the North Central area were slight, central station forecasters said, but the cooler temperatures were expected to continue. The Influx of cattle which yes- terday led to inauguration of the Federal purchasing program at several Midwest stockyards abated today and runs were approximately Spanish Government Claims Victory in FierceMountainFight IN OJLQURGES Edward G. Seubert of Stand- ard Oil Among Those Involved In Case. Continued on Page 3. Column 2. LEWIS' GIVEN300AYS Suspension From American Federation to Follow Un- less They Recant. New Training Methods Permit Aerial Bombers to Test Aim Without Using Costly Explosives (By Aiseolattd Press) WASHINGTON, Aug. 4. New method's of 'training aerial bomb- ers, enabling them to flood night targets with light and test their marksmanship without using costly explosives or even Jeaving. the ground, were announced today by the Army Air Corps. Offieials said" the new systems had- been evolved by. the I9th bom- bardment group at March Field, Calif. Titled "arm- chair bombing" and "radio bomb- they 'are expected to cut the cost of. intensive training and boost the number of "bull's-eye" hits., In Clare bombing, the Air Corps Information Division., explained. One; plane soars along at feet laden with' 300-pound bombs that contain' powder'and sa.nd in place of high explosives. Another bear- ing a' load ol parachute flares flies at or feet, soaring over the target a few seconds ah'ead of the bomber and releasing- a flare with careful allowance fbr speed anfl wind drift. the bombiriflr plane 'oh the hicrher course .speeds toward the objective, 'It explained, 'the (Copyright, 1936. by Associated Press.) WASHINGTON. Ausr. American Federation of Labor's ex- ecutive council was said in usually well-informed quarters tonight to have decided informally to give John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers, and his al- lies 30 more days tn come to terms. Vnless they took lhat course, it was said, the 30 unions affiliated with Lewis' committee for indus- trial organization would be sus- pended automatically. Barring a change of mind over- night by a majority of the ouncil members. it was said William Green, A. F. of L. president, would announce this decision probably before noon. The terms the council would pro- pose to the Lewis group, it was said, would Include dissolution ot the Committee for Industrial Or- ganization, set up last fall with the avowed purpose of bringing all the workers in each big industry into one big union. Nearly ail the council members represent craft unions. They con- tend that there Is a place in the federation for industrial unions but that highly skilled workers should belong to the union of their craft, whether they work In a small-town auto repaff shop or a huge steel mill. The activities of the Lewis com- mittee, representinE" about one- third of the federation's member- ship, led John P. Frey, president of the federation's metal trades de- partment, to file charges of "Insur- rection" and "rebellion" against. 13 unions whose officers are com- mittee members. The council started its trial of Continued on Page 1, Column 6. flare, bathes the target in light more.'brilliant than day. After releasing his bombs t he b.ombardler may checlv his marks- manship by'the minor explosions of the powder charges. To save the cost of live approximately anothef- training method has been worked out. When the target appears at the proper spot in his bomb-sight, the bombardier, instead of dropping a real bomb, simply presses a key which flashes a radio signal. A lens in the. top of a portable >box containing two-way radio appa- ratus projects the image of the j bomber on a chart on which' the scorer traces the path of the plane records the hits and misses by tlm ing. In "armchair the pilot sits on an elevation overlook- ing a miniature range a small strip ot terrain painted on canvas mounted on an endless sees below him bridges, railheads, houses, airdromes, cities. When a designated object tb into range on -his cr'pss-hair-sight, he p'ulla.a bo4mb handle, which .automat- ically relays a signal to the scorer. Next Sunday Second Report i Roosevelt vs. La iido n Third Party Strength (By Associated Press) MADISON, Wis., AU.L-: ing of wari'ants on 23 of the country's major oil companies and 61 others named In an indictment charging violation of the Sherman anti-trust law through price-fix- ing was started today as the latest step Into a government inquiry Into alleged illegal practices in the Industry. Among the first warrants Issued were nine for the arres.t of prom- inent Chicagoans Including Ed- ward G. .Seubert. president of'the Standard Oil Company, Indiana; Henry M. Dawes, president of the Pure Oil Company, Keith Fanshier. petroleum editor of the Chicago Journal nf Commerce and Bryan S. Reid, Chicago executive of Soc- ony-Vacuum Oil Company. Federal prosecutors there, co- operating with authorities here who directed the Investigation re- sulting In the formal charges of conspiracy to manipulate the price of gasoline to independent jobbers In 10 Midwest States, said bonds of each would be demanded. S. District Attorney John ,T. Boyle nnnounced that plans for the trl.il of the total of 84 defend- ants in this phase of the investi- gation, would await completion of the full Inquiry hy the Federal grand jury, now in recess until Aug. 1 Several months will be required to prepare for the trial, which will lie held here, added Boyle. He said that while Ihe defendants would be allowed to post bonds In the Federal court districts where they reside, they would be brought here for formal arraignment. All of the S4 were named In a single true bill, made public last night, in addition to the oil con- cerns, they Include 5S individuals who are executives of the com- panies and three trade journals. The Indictment was based on the grand jury's finding that the major oil companies operated pools In Texas. Oklahoma, and Mid-Con- tinent fields to purchase gasoline from independent refiners at arti- ficial prices which were maintained as open market quotations. It charged price raising and price fixing were achieved by sell- ing gasoline to independent job- bers on long term supply contracts at n .cost determined -by prices published In the trade journals, which were the prices allegedly fixed in the buying pools. Independent jobbers claimed these prices were ton high to allow a margin of profit that would enable them to compete nnd complaint was made to Wash- ington authorities some months ago hy Itieir organization, the National Oil Marketers Associa- tion. Executives of the oil firm's gen- erally declined to comment on the indictment. At Tulsa, tlie statement that "the whole matter has been re- ferred to our counsel. There is no comment to was the response to all inquiries. PLANS FOR The sole responsibility for dec- orations in Westminster along processional of corona- tion ceremonies of King Ed- ward VIII rests upon the shoul- ders 6f Grey Wornum architect appointed by West- minster Council. Burning Woods Set Aflame By Shellfire Hampers Both Sides. Band Seeking Relief Met By State Police at Illinois Capitol. (By Associated Press) SPRINGFIELD, 111.. Aug. An ananymous threat to bomb the Illinois capitol brought 100 state policemen to the doors of the state house today to stop a band j of "hunger marchers" on the [doorstep of the legislature. Capitol buildings and grounds were under heavy guard, as the marchers arrived to make six de- mands for increased unemploy- ment relief at opening of a spe- cial session of the general assem- bly. The fi-fte house doors were bar- red to all except employes and others who co'uld prove they had definite business to transact. All the "marchers" except 10 spokesmen chosen to voice their pleas, were turned back. At the executive mansion, eight blocks away, eight troopers in- stead ot the customary two guarded Gov. Henry Homer, who received the bombitug Leaders of the marchers dis- i claimed responsibility for the let- ter, which said an "internal ma- chine" would be thrown Into the (By Associated Press) MADRID, Aug. Spanish Government ran up a flag- of vic- tory tonight in a terrific battle at Alto De Leon Pass in the Guadar- rama Mountain stronghold defend- ing "Madrid. Gen. Riquelme, who led the of- fensive along the entire front in what many believe may he the de- cisive thrust in Spain's bloody civil war. was backed with an army of workers. A devislon under Gen. Manga- da. after recapturing San Rafael in an artillery and infantry action which was reported to have left the little township little more than a pile of debris, succeeded In Isol- ating the rebel garrison holding Alto De Leon. Rebels were unaware of his ap- proach on the northern fringe of the mountain range and stormed down the. Madrid side of the pasa to raid Gen. Riquelme's headquar- ters in the town of Guadarrama. Bullets from rebel gruns were said actually to have penetrated Gen. RiQuelme's cottage headquar- ters. While the general was tak- ing" coffee, a bullet smashed cup. Their attack repulsed, the rebels withdrew to find Gen, Mangada. had cut off their retreat. Combined loyalist forces were confident of annihilating the reb- els in an enclosing operation which raged on the mountainside. Burniao; woods set aflame by shellfire hampered movements of both sides. While the critical engagement was fought In the throughout most of Spain thou- sands of troops were marchinjj against Moroccoan cities where revolt started IS days ago. Loyalists forced the fighting In Continued on Page 2. Column 1. Cliinitfonns SnrrcmVr. CHICAGO. Aup. of nine prominent Ohlcatroans na.iied yes- terday in an indictment returned at Madison, by a Federal grand jury Investigating alleged price-fixing In the oil industry sur- rendered here late today y.nd were released in bonds of each. R, H. McElroy Jr.. tank sales manager of the Pure Oil Company, surrendered -to U. S. Marshal Wil- liam H. McDonnell and was ar- raigned immediately before U. S. Commissioner Kdwin K. Walker. who set a hearing' tentatively for Aug. 14. lie was followed by Bernard L. Majewski. vice president :n charge Continued on Pace 3, Column 2. HONEYMOON PLANE CRASHES, 1 HURT Bridegroom Bruised When Ship Hits Tree. (By Asieclaled Press) NEWFOUNDLAND, N. J., Aug. honeymoon of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur C. Nelson ot Los Angeles, Calif., was marred today by the crash of their new passenger plane as they were taking off from the landing field here. The tail of the plane went into the Pequannock River but the ma- chine bounded up on the bank, struck a tree, and came to a etop about 25 yards from the 150-year- ofd McDavitt House. Nelson suffered a slight shoulder bruise, but Mrs. Nelson and their companion, Charles A. Botsch, an architect of Angeles, were not injured. operates a fly'n school In IXIB Angeles. His wife and Botseh also are pilots. Continued on Page 3, Column 2, LIGHTNING KILLS 9 (By Associated Press) RAFALOVKA, Poland. Aug. 4. Nine persons were killed, by light- ninj? today In this vicinity during a storm which such an electrical display as to spread terror among the population. Most of the victims were farm- ers struck down in the fields.. HITLER TO HALT TRADEWITH U. S. New Decree to Forbid Use of Registered Marks (By Associated Press) BERLIN. Aug. cir- cles were informed today the gov- ernment will issue a decree re- garded as a final step In abolish- ing: German-American trade, ap- parently in reprisal for American retaliatory countervailing: duties on German goods. The new decree will forbid the use of registered marks In payment for German exports. Heretofore payments in regis- tered marks have been permissible for certain classes oC goods, such as toys and porcelains. The Nazi government also has taken exception to requirements in America that German shippers de- clare what government subsidy they receive. The use of so-called "aski" marks and barter in American trade was banned yesterday. Since 50 p.er cent or more of trade between the Cnitc-il and G.ermany has been In "aski" marks. 25 per cent by bailer and the remainder in registered marks and some cash, the new decree 1s expected 'practically to wipe out trade betwen the two countries. Increasing Russian Production Threatens NewDeal House of Cards Based on Gold, With Collapse By SAJlL'Er, CKOWTHER. The other day the Federal Re- serve Board issued a study on the sources of the gold that has been coming into the United States. It reached the conclusion that the gold and the American securities which were being bought by for- eigners from the proceeds of the sale of this gold were part of the permanent investment ot for- eign funds. The jStatemcnt carefully avoided any reference to the fact that the Treasury policy of buying all gold offered at the rale of an ounce was the real reason for the influx of gold. And also it said nothing about how the gold was being fed to us. I have received a letter from a gold mining expert of standing which throws a new light on our gold and also on the capacity of the world to produce sold. The value of gold as a money metal rests in its scarcity. If gold could be produced aa freely cheaply as iron, it would not be a satisfactory money metal. For Its value woulci rapidly fluctuate .ajid hence prices would be The bulk of low-value gold would make It inconvenient as cue's purse would need to be on wheels. If sold is only artificially as diamonds are artificially present position of gold depends upon the price and Great Blrtain's control of mining and may he upset at any time by the new Russian developments. To quote from the letter: Things They Are. "Is gold as: rare we are led to bellev or if It readily available? "Gold Is found in many parts of the world, but the Witwatersrand, commonly called the 'Raud." in the Transvaal province is tne world's most productive gold area. Gold was found fhere 50 years ago and over have been pro- duced. Ten million dred and fifty thousand ouncea weer produced In 19JS. 37 per cent of the world's produc- tion.' "Centering around Irkutsk In Continued on: Page J, Column 1,   

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