Wednesday, March 11, 1936

San Antonio Express

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San Antonio Express (Newspaper) - March 11, 1936, San Antonio, Texas ALICE LONGWQRTH Comments on Washington by one of the most brilliant women of the capital now a regular feature in San Antonio Express. VOL. 71 i LI'L ABNER This new comic strip in San Antonio Express promises to be one of the most popular. Also a Sunday Express comic feature. JJNDER the new Hayden-Cart wright Bill the Federal Govern ment would continue its large-scale highway-building until 1941, at least. Accepting the fact that expenditure for emergency unem- ployment-relief cannot well be dropped all at once, but must be tapered off gradually, such use of public funds doubtless wil receive civic approval. Money spent on needed roads not only will afford the maximum of em- ployment for the outlay, but also will assure the people the most returns on their investment. BILL would extend the 125-million-dollar annual ap- propriation for Federal aid (to be matched with State funds) through 1940. It also would add 36 million dollars annually for roads through National forests and parks and Indian reservations; would grant the States 25 million dollars a year for farm-to-market roads, rural routes and school bus- lines and 50 millions more for grade-crossing elimination. The added 75 millions a year should help greatly to strengthen the country-wide highway system at its weakest point. During the period of intensive construction on the main travel-routes, under the stimulus of the Government's emergency grants (400 million dollars in 1933 and a like sum in lateral roads necessarily have been sorely neglected. {TOR that reason local authorities have welcomed the recent Fed- eral allowances. The continuance of Government on a modest help bring county roads up to a proper stand- ard. Considering the fact that (except in a few States) the coun- ty does not tax gasoline, while the Federal Government still levies such a tax, that arrangement is only fair. Assuming the present basis of distribution were con- tinued, Texas should receive 7 Vs million dollars a year in direct Federal aid and about 5 millions annually for community roads and railroad-crossing work, pROM Texas' viewpoint one flaw appears in the new program: ThE! expenditure proposed would not begin until .July 1, 1937. Though the old Hayden-Cartwright Act authorize'd 125 millions in Federal aid for next fiscal year, the Preside: t's Budget Message recommended that Congress skip the appropriation. He also would apply 60 million dollars left over from the 4-billion-dollar emergency relief fund to road-building dur- ing- 1936-37. As Texas' allotment would be cut from million to about 3 million dollars, the State Highway Commission has protest- ed against that proposal. With the Centennial celebration's heav- ily increased travel in prospect, Texas needs the roads now. This State therefore would like to see the pending bill amended to begin the 125-million-dollar Federal-aid appropriation in 1936-37. gO LONG as they neglect to pro- vide game-birds, fish and ani- mals with suitable environment and to protect them from both their natural enemies and ruthless hunters the American people are neglecting an asset which normally yields a billion dollars a year. Thus, wild life takes its place nlong with farm crops, livestock, petroleum and manufacturing as a major economic interest. In its latest report, the National Re- sources Committee does well to emphasize that practical side to the conservation problem. Ap- peals to the people on purely senti- mental grounds and reminders that game-birds and animals are essen- tial to outdoor sports, have not been highly effective. Persuade the citizens that they stand to lose a billion dollars a year in the ag- gregate, and they will protect that revenue-source. COMMITTEE includes in its esti- mate the 190 million dollars a year yielded by the fisheries and the fur trade. Again, catering to hunters and fishermen is, on the whole, a first-rank industry. Tex- as, that takes pride in its rank as hunting- and fishing-grounds, can perceive the importance of that item. This State holds a bigger stake in the conservation move- ment than any other. It possesses more wild life than the others and also has more territory adapted to restoration and propagation. Tex- as has been friendly to game- farming and to the creation of sanctuaries and preserves, but it should get vigorously behind those related movements. SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 11, PAGES Admiral Beatty Naval War Hero Dies in London Meteoric Career in British Navy Ended at Age Of Only 65 CAPTAIN AT 29 Son-in-Law of Late Mar- shall Field, Chicago Merchant (By Associated Press) LOXDOX, March Beatty former first lord of the admiralty and big navy champion, died to- night in the London home for the aged after a long illness. He predicted his death last No- vember after he had climbed from a sickbed to attend the funeral of a colleague, Earl Jellicoe. "So Jellicoe is he said then. "I fell I'll be the next to be summoned. I don't think the call be long. I'm tired, very tired.'' At his bedside tonight were his son. Viscount Borodale, a doctor and a nurse. Despite the serious- ness of his illness, he attended the Beatty Inspiring U. S. Admiral Says (By Associated press) WASHINGTON, March An American admiral'who com- manded a squadron of the al- lied fleet under Admiral Earl Beatty, who died tonight, de- scribed the British officer as "one of the finest, most effi- cient and inspiring leaders I have ever known." He was Admiral Hugh Rod- man. U. S. N., retired, who dur- ing the World War commanded the Sixth Battle Squadron. "He was a. man of rare ac- complishments, a natural born, tried and trusted sailor, a gal-' lant leader and one who would fight at the drop of a Rodman. uneral of the late. King George V, in event which friends said prob- ably hastened his death. The death of the former admiral f the fleet causes a by-election in he Peckham District of South Condon which at present is rep- esented In the House of Com- mons by his heir, Viscount Boro- lale. Lord Beatty, one of the few re- maining World War figures of Great Britain, was placed on the retired list of the royal navy Jan. 17, 1930, after he reached the age limit. Earl Beatty, husband of the late Ethel Field of Chicago, had a career unique in British naval his- tory, distinguished by brilliant serv- ice and rapid promotion. Starting his training as a. boy of 13. he advanced within 35 years through the whole gamut of naval possibilities and relinquished the high office of first sea lord at the comparatively early age of 56. Afterwards he continued fighting the battles of the navy In the House Lords. Endowed with a fighting spirit he was recognized as a bold and self-confident leader, who tempered courage and dash with shrewd judgment and.skill in strategy. In command of the first battle cruiser squadron when the World War broke out, he made It the spearhead of the British forces in the North Sea, leading them in three outstanding engagements, the battles of Heligoland Bight, the Dogger Bank and Jutland. He succeeded Sir John Jellicoe as commander-in-chief of the grand fleet in December, 1916, in which capacity two years later he received the surrender of the German fleet, For his distinguished service, the admiral was raised to the peerage in 1919. being created Earl Beatty, Viscount Borodale of Wexford, and Bat-on Beatty of the North Sea and of Brooksby. Parliament voted him a grant of and he was awartled the Order of Merit. In November, 1919, he became the first sea lord, holding the office for seven years and nine This was an unique term nee seven years is named in the Continued Oil Page 5, Column 1. Weather Man Sez "Colder" San Antonio and vicinity: Cloudy and cooler with probable scattered showers; gentle to moderate shifting winds. East Texas: Cloudy. scattered showers, cooled in the interior.' Wed- nesday; Thursday partly cloiidy, cool- er in southeast portion. Gentle to moderate shitting winds on the coast, becoming norther- ly Wednesday night. West Texas: Partly cloudy, colder Wednesday; Thursday fair. Hourly Temperatures SAN ANTONIO, March 9-10, 1936: 8 p.m...........71 8a.m...........59 9 p.m...........69 9 a.m...........60 10 p.m...........68 10 a.m.......... .62 11 p.m...........67 12 Midnight.....66 1 a.m...........64 2 a.m.......... .62 3 a.m...........61 4 a.m.......... .60 Sa.m...........59 6 a.m...........58 7 a.m...........53 11 a.m...........65 12 Noon.........68 1 p.m...........68 2 p.m.......... .69 3 p.m...........71 5 p.mi......... .69 6 p.m...........68 7 p.m...........67 NAVAL HERO Admiral Earl Beatty, former first sea lord of the British navy, died in London last night. Several Hundred Acres Juarez Valley Land Taken Over of (By Associated Press) JUAREZ, Mex., March ilexlcan Agrarians armed with rifles today seized several hundred acres of Juarez Valley land be- onglng to members of the Latter Day Saints colony of Northern hihuahua. Juarez officials said the land had seen "allotted" to the invaders by Raul Dominguez, chief of the Agra- section of the Chihuahua state government. Dominguez ac- companied 'the invaders on their expeditions of seizure.1 Red and black flags, bearing he inscription "Down with For- eigners" were carried by the in- aders. The land seized was owned by A. L. Pierce, bishop of the Church of Christ of the Latter Day Saints, lis son, M. A. Pierce and his brother, C. D. 'Pierce. They said they planned to seek writ of. injunction forcing return of the land. Officials said the land had been mder dispute for some time, Agra- ians claiming it under the Mexican natulbal Agrarian act, and the colonists attempting to restrain :eizure by legal steps'. CRITICS OF RELIEF Name Calling Fails to Silence Demand for Cleanup of Political Sore BOONDOGGLING Q. K. Arkansas Joe Finds Great Good in Things They Are (By Associated Press) .'WASHINGTON, March renewed Republican demand for investigation of the Works Prog- ress Administration was sounded in the Senate today after Senator Robinson, the Democratic leader, had assailed critics of the New Deal's relief program. Senator Vandenberg Michigan, said charges of "political exploitation" warranted a WPA inquiry. From a Hayden of Arizona, came a suggestion that Congress appropriate for non-Federal public works proj- ects with local communities to put up 65 cents for every Federal dollar spent. Hayden said the "expenditure of vast sums" by Secretary Ickes' PWA "has been marred by no scandal." Robinson accused the Republi- can high command and the Amer- ican Liberty League with attempt- ing to "make a political football out of the unfortunate unem- In a speech from the Senate floor he entered the relief controversy at a time when Republicans were demanding a Nation-wide lovesti- gation of the WPA. Scents Ridicule. The Democratic -leader asserted the Republican National commit- tee and "its corporate affiliate, the DuPont Liberty were engaged In a "desperate effort to on. the relief program holding up certain projects 'to ridicule." Defending- white collar projects, Robinson said the league and the P. leadership were "sup- pressing, distorting and misrepre- senting the facts." "They aim at President Roose- he declared, "but in reality '.hey hope to ridicule and drive jack into the soup lines the great number of employed men and women who are simply asking an opportunity to earn a living for themselves and their families in the old fashioned and respectable American way." (WPA pays about a week.) He cited criticisms that local responsibility was breaking down and said that "in virtually every case" local officials themselves sponsored the. projects on the ground that IMey would be "of asting benefit to their communi- ties." Robinson asserted the Adminis- tration had "consistently and per- sistently tried to keep politics out of relief" and that no matter what charges were hurled at Harry L. rjopkins, the administrator, the 'record speaks for itself.' Concedes Blunders. "Undoubtedly in some jurisdic- he added, "blunders are be- ing made, and it is the privilege and duty of right-minded individ- uals to expose .and correct mal- administration wherever and when- ever it is exposed or .can be light. The point Is that sound corrections can only be based on facts. They cannot be Continued on Page 3, Column 3. Tall Talk of Bloodshed Heard in Sirike While Claims on Its Spread Conflict, Uplifters Pat La Guardia on Back TAX ON PRUDENCE KILLS FINAL HOPE OFUNEMPLOYED Reserves Hire Durable Goods Workmen; Without Them WPA Scale Left SCREWY ECONOMY Source of Roosevelt Notion Traced to Pink Speech Of Tugwell (By Associated Press) NEW YORK, March union leaders .called "war to the inish" rolled along the towers of VTew York tonight as .striking build- ng service employes enlarged tfielr heater ol! operation and accused owners of importing' "Pennsylva- nia- gunmen" to use against them. 'If -there is to be war, let it start said James J. Bam- brick, strike .leader, loosing the bounds which for many.days have kept the strike from spreading to he Grand Central Brooklyn and Queens. Reports of. success of the mid- own call-out differed tonight, the union claims being much greater nan figures, furnished by the po- ice. Bambrick who modified his de- mands lor a 'closed 'shop, 48-hour and a pay raise in answer to Mayor F. H. LaGuar- lia'.s plea, for arbitration, relnstat- them today. The city affairs committee, in ft talement signed by John Haynes iolmes. Jorni Lovejoy Elliott. Rab- bit Stephen S. Wise and Frederick i. entered the bat- tle today with commendation of Mayor LaGuardia's action in seek- ing: to arbitrate the strike. The committee declared the may- or "is entit' the niora.1 backing of every citizen'.who'.believes that no group of''meni however large ttfeir possessions of realty holdings has the right in a spirit of obsti- nate Indifference to the welfare of New York to compel'- prolongation of a strike which means hardship and misery to many and. may at any time bring bur city." At the same.tlme, striking em- ployes of a Park Avenue apart- ment building issued the charge that "Pennsylvania gunmen" were being .packed into the building by the. operators. "Believe me they are tough-look- said C; E. Reilly, spokesman for the T44 strikers in thB build- ing. The night police compilation of strike data tonight "showed these changes: A total of buildings affect- ed as against this morning. Settlements-in 222 cases, against 201' this morning. A total of 203 arrests since the strike began, no arrests having been- made today. The 16 elevators of the 26-story General Electric Building slid to a halt at once when a striking em- ploye pulled their central power switch. The strike missed the famous Empire State and Chrysler Build- ings but struck the Paramount Building which towers above Times .Square. The Loew Building and the Strand Theater were affected as were the noted Palace Theater and, the.Pershing Square. Employes in the building where the realty advisory board has been meeting were called out and some left, al- though the realty board said they did so reluctantly, Police, who'have arrested a great many strikers and sympathizers, were having trouble with the. other side also. -An unidentified replacement ele- vator operator was sought in.cqn- Continueo! .on Page 9, Column By SAMUEL CROWTHER The proposal to tax the sur- plus accumulation of corporations which the President lightly made in his message is really a pro- posal to add to unemployment. That would be clear it the nature of the tax better understood. The tax arises out of the unfor- tunate accounting tradition which applies the word "surplus" to cor- porate earnings that do not go out is dividends. We are likely to get from the Treasury, in support of the tax. a statistical monstrosity equal to that presented by Robert Jackson last year when he advo- cated the .soak-the-thrifty bill. Let us consider, in a preliminary vay, the taxing proposal from the standpoint of the man who owns no stock, does not work for a cor- poration and thinks corporate big- ness is somehow bad. A corporation Is not a thing of tself. It is a kind of pipe line. It takes in goods or raw materials, pays wages and salaries In their processing, and sells the goods. If t can sell Its goods for more money :han it pays out, It earns a profit. Otherwise it loses money. How Surplus Accumulates If it earns profits, it pays out a part of those profits in dividends; he remaining part of the profits carries over into what is called 'surplus" and is used to extend the business or to guard against years of no profits. There Is no way of taxing a cor- poration. For a corporation has nothing. The taxes which are ap- >arently put on corporations must >e (a) added to prices, (b) de- ducted from wages, or (c) sub- from profits. Not much n the way of taxes can be taken from profits. From 1324 to 1934, nclusive. the return on corporate capital invested averaged 2.3 per cent. The high year was 193u with 6.3 per cent. For the four years, .1931-34. the corporations ost money. They lost 1.7 per cent n 1931: 3.5 per cent In 1032; 1.5 per cent in 1933. and 1.3 per cent n 1934. So corporate taxes are actually paid out of reducing wages or out of increasing prices. They are mostly paid out of increasing is the same as re- ducing wages. A large corporation I? considered prosperous if it can make a small mlt profit on a largre turnover. A )eanut stand proprietor could not ive if his rate of profit wore only hat uf a great steel corporation. Maintain .Solvency The big corporations husband heir resources carefully. Since 921. they have tried to keep out of debt and finance themselves. they do not distribute all heir profits. Sound corporations 10 longer borrow from bunks for urrent operations. Those that distributed their profits anil went nto this depression owing money ave mostly folded up. It takes money to extend a busi- iesfi; that money can be had out >f savings or out of borrowings, iound finance demands that the xtensions be made from Our total national income from 911' to 1932 amounted to Our national wealth in 1912, according to the Indus- trial Conference Board, amounted to and In 1932, it amounted to Thus the accumulation of wealth during the period amounted to 000.000 or about 5 per cent of the total income. We used to think that the very wealth did most of the saving. On that theory, the 1935 tax bill killed future savings. But now Wte know that" the great savings instrument of the nation is the corporate sur- plus. Since the total savings only amount to a per cent of the total it will not take much of a tax to kill corporate savings. Unemployment at Peak. At present, unemployment is at a high peak, and the pick-up of Industry has not greatly changed the total. The unemployed are In the dur- able goods section which normally employs half of our rectly and Indirectly. Durable goods are bought out of savings. Since the beginning of the New Deal, careful men have afraid to venture and few have been able to save. Now, with the 1935 taxes on large incomes and the proposal to tax corporate surpluses, there will be almost no fund out of which to make the extensions that employ the workers In the durable goods trades. So this is a direct tax on half our cruel tax, in that it takes away, the possibility of their employment.. A'peculiar school of econo'mlo Continued on Page. 3. Column 4. PRICE 5 1865 Firmer Front Reported Turned Against Germany, II Duce Sets His Price BACKING HITLER'S SCRAPPING OF The new German military machine, built in defiance of the Versailles Treaty, is ready to uphold Hitler's scrapping of the entire treaty and the Locarno pact. Shown is modern mine thrower with gas-masked crew. Democracies Of West Dead Hitlerite Says Suggests They Learn from German Brand <Bj Associated Press) BERLIN, f March Paul Joseph Goebbels, minister of pro- paganda, opened the campaign for election of a new Rcichetag to- liight with a blast against west- ern democracies: "Western states, with their par- iamentarism seek proudly to con- nect themselves with democratic conceptions." said the Nazi leader. "They reproach' National So- cialism as. an autocracy, indeed a dictatorship. But I .want to tell hese western states that we in jermany could reach all our great uccesses only because we have abandoned parliamentarism. "Western democracies can learn rom refined German democracy." Adolf Hitler dissolved the Reich- stag Saturday in 'announcing the sending of troops to the Rhineland and called a new election for "March 29. Fight Between Californians On Republican Plat- form Seen PLANES FOR Military Committee Unanimous for 5-Year Program (By Associated Prsss) WASHINGTON, March Yar Department request for new fighting planes in the next five ears gained new momentum today n Congress. The House military affairs com- nittee voted unanimously, In secret ession, for a bill by Chairman Mc- Swain South Carolina, to authorize construction of the air leet. The action also accompanied ongressional consideration of war and navy bills which if passed in heir present form would send national, defense costs skyward In he next fiscal year to a record- reaking' total. The two regular defense supply ills provide for 5G5 army planes and about for 333 navy -planes in the next fiscal year. Rogers New Hampshire, and McSwain recently made an un- successful attempt In the House to increase the War Department aid appropriation to for construction of 700 planes during the next fiscal year. Two special War Department investigations recommended the United States should have planes, Rogers said, while Assist- ant Secretary of War Woodrlngr estimated the United States will have only 777 serviceable planes next July 1. In his annual report, Secretary Defn recommended purchase of planes in the next five years. He estimated such, a program Continued on Page 5, Column 7. (By Associated Press) SACRAMENTO, Calif., March 10. Amid signs of disagreement among California Landon supporters, Gov. Frank F. Merrlam suddenly an- nounced today he would support the Kansas governor for the Re- publican presidential nomination. The announcement foreshadow- ed not only the possibility of a fight among Landon followers themselves but also the prospect of a primary battle with the forces of the Kansas governor on one hand and on the other the propon- ents of a uninstructed delegation to the Xational Convention. Merriam until yesterday con- sidered a potential' candidate him- self, said he had decided against this course "because I could not jsee where I could spare the time 'to enter into the campaign or a contest as seemed to be develop- ing." He said his friends then decided to support Landon and he made up his mind to go along with them. The announcement came on the heels of varying statements from organized Landon supporters as to whether the Kansas chief execu- tive would be represented by a delegate slate in the California pri- maries May 5. The Landon Republican league of California, with headquarters In San Francisco announced last night it had acceded to Landon's desire that his name not be en- tered on the primary b'allot. Ross Marshall, Southern Call- 10 BE ABANDONED Movement of Parleys to London From Geneva In- spires Agreement Hope (By Associated Press) PARIS, March and England appeared tonight to be pulling a solution out of the Lo- carno crisis. A sudden shift to London of to- day's conference of Locarno signa- tories was taken to mean that the two powers had agreed upon a firm stand toward Germany and possibly the lifting of economic sanctions from Italy. Pierre-Etienne Flandin, French foreign minister, backed by his ring of military allies virtually en- circling Germany, was understood Continued on Page 5, Column 4. MoralsSquad Looking for Nude Let Down by Girl All They Oggle Is One Silk-Clad Knee (Br Associated Press) NEWARK, N. J., March 10, Miss Florence Cubltt, who. prom- ised to step out ot an airplane here in the nude, arrived fully dressed today and "very she said, because she had to wear clothing. A large crowd assembled to see the girl arrive from Los Angeles and watched closely as she left the plane but all they saw waa a bit of silk clad knee as she step- ped to the ground. Miss Cubttt said she intended to carry out her promise but was no- tified en route that airport offi- cials would not permit it, and she had decided to respect their wishes. Not knowing of her decision, three members of the public mor- als squad of the police depart- ment were on hand, ready to act if they saw anything they Judged immoral. Heavy Guns Taken To Rhine by Hitler (By Associated Press) COLOGNE. Germany, March combat equipment has been drawn into the Rhine- land by Germany, it was learn- ed today. Cologne, It was disclosed, has one of the biggest garrisons with more troops than were of- ficially admitted and also is an important center for heavy ar- tillery. The batteries of mobile, long range guns and howitzers of the third battalion the 52nd Ar- tillery, formerly the Detmold machinegun companies, were discovered' quartered in a slaughter house on the edge ot the city. A nearby school build- ing has been evacuated for the men. who sleep ou straw be- tween rows of desks. How many other such de- tachments are in the former de- militarized zones is not deter- mined. Foreign residents here eaid tanks and armored cars have been brought into the zone se- cretly at night. to have hammered home to Anth- ony Eden. British foreign secre- tary, that Hitler's might could only be balked by "right linked with force." Out of Premier Sarraut's refusal to negotiate while a German army was still in the Rhineland and the disposition of Britain to consider German proposals for a new all embracive pact, the four allied Lo- carno Britain, France, Italy and reported evolving a formula ac- ceptable to both. Trade Ethiopia for Rhine One portion of this formula, it was reported, involved a clean bill of health in Africa lor Premier Mussolini of Italy in exchange for the moral force of his million man army in Europe. The sudden -transfer of the Lo- carno discussions to London and the summoning- of the council ot the League of Nations to meet there Saturday. presumably to ratify their decision was interpret- ed as proof that the conferees' were near agreement. Whether that agreement involves force or sanctions was not re- vealed. Observers said force, at least in a "moral" form, was in- volved In Flandin's mental parade of Allies before Eden to show how many countries and how many millions of soldiers were willing to back France to halt Hitler If events should demand it. Flandin showed Eden that Italy, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Rumania, Russia and Poland were bound by a treaty to be ready to act and that others might be pulled in through the Balkan pact. Italy alone was the problem, observers said, but Mussolini in face of a delicate European situa- tion would be willing to back France in return for the lifting sanctions against him. Involves All of Europe The French foreign minister, these observers declared, was able to convince Eden that Britain had been as much Insulted as France when Adolf Hitler tore up the Locarno pact. He further argued that the problem facing the con- ferees was not merely a Franco- German problem but, as Premier Sarraut had declared, one that Involves "the future peace of Europe." The London meeting: was-Interested in diplomatic 'Circles as definite proof that Flandln'and Eden, hitherto opposed on what course to take toward Germany, are getting: together. When they parted this afternoon Continued on Page 3, Column 1. National Political Barometer for March Next Sunday in the San Antonio Express