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San Antonio Express and News (Newspaper) - March 21, 1954, San Antonio, Texas Fresh, Clean Air Dttails Column 3 TWO Great Separate Daily Newspapers Combined Into ONE Great Sunday Newspaper Final Edition Copyright, 1954, by Expms FublisMiif Ca. NO; YIAR SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, SUNDAY, MARCH 152 PAGES m 12 SECTIONS 15 Cf NTS SECTION A KETE USE GRAVES CASE The Big Stakes In Graves Case -V (AN EDITORIAL) v Evei- since John G. Caldwell, 58- want to make it plain they will not year-old East Side killed stand by in the meantime and allow 23 by a pistol blast fired by Police Officer 0. R. Graves, the San Antonio Graves case to be used as a vehicle for exploitation by selfish or venal Express and San Antonio News have interests. If the underworld, which has sought to make clear the situation pretty lean pickings in San Antonio surrounding the incident. They have printed Graves' conflict- ing explanations. right now, thinly it .can -capitalize on town" .again enjoy an open because of it then these news- They have printed, as best they papers .will so report, could get them from official sources, If some city politicians think they the conflicting stories of Detectives can pull duty deals, using Graves' James Siebrecht and Myron Hubble, case speculations as a basis, then these were with Graves at the scene of newspapers will so report the shooting in the Spot a Negro-owned If any unscrupulous newspaper cafe. seeks to distort the facts readily appar- They have printed statements and fent, then these, newspapers will vigor- counter-statements of investigators, ously expose any cheap grab for public officials and others involved di- headlines, rectiy and indirectly. The Express and News found On last Wednesday afternoon the .Graves to be an "honest cop" last 06- Bexar County Grand Jury, acting on tober. His superiors and fellow workers evidence supplied by the District At- felt him to be such then and up until 'torney's office, indicted on a he accidentally, as he says, killed. charge of murder with malice. The Caldwell, or murdered him with malice, District Attorney says he will press for as the grand jury charges. an early trial on that evidence. If the killing were an accident then When the trial is held, the Express Graves deserves punishment for his and News will publish fully the testi- negligence. mony of witnesses and .their If Graves murdered Caldwell-with animation. Then it will be made plain malice, he deserves due punishment is lying and who is not Meantime, these newspapers will from the court which tries him. But to the best of their ability, the handle details of evidence only when Express and News will try to 3ceep th'e it is. ..accessary -to keep the record public informed .on whether some.in- straight. In recent days, it has been terests will seek to.make him an necessary for the Express and News to pendable" in a battle which could be do just that. This will continue to be for city hall and police control for their policy. turning San Anionlo back into a racket- However, the Express and News infested city. AND WIPE OUT LIFE Deadly New Gas Can Cover City new weapon in a 'class with atom and hydrogen bombs Is being made and stored at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal LL CoL S. J. Efnor, deputy com- manding officer at the arsenal, confirmed Saturday that deadly GB Gas, which can cause death In 30 is made behind the arsenal's wiridowless walls. IT-IS KNOWN THAT .Russia has .the gas, first developed by HitJerJs Nazi scientists, because fied army took tbe German in its push across the Ger- man-Polish border in'World War n. vSurrounded by elaborate safety precautions, the workers at the xcieaal turn out the deadly chem- icals in liquid form, packed in finished munitions ready for use. at the plant have xfsiued the safety precautions add. say there is no need for Colorado residents to fear the gas. In' placed in spots where they would react qufckly in case of an unex- pected leakage of gas. Chemists say tiere is an anti- dote atrophine, a chemical derived from a plant' grown mostly in countries the iron curtain. American chemists have learned to produce the-subs- tance synthetically for use through hypodermic injections. The Post said that despite safety precautions, a few workers at the plant'have been affecteS by the gas but quick treatment averted tragedy in each case. INSIDE TODAY 'gas form, the killer, can't tasted or smeJled. Its presence in an attack could go undiscovered unless a droplet spattered on a victim in liquid fcrm. PRODUCTION OF THE killing gas first was disclosed Friday night 'by the Rocky Mountain News, D-jnver morning news- paper; and further details came Saturday from the Denver Post. "Potential military value of GB the Post said, "is greater, in some respects, than even tiie atomic waapons. "Usirg it under the most fa- vorable wind, weather and satura- tion conditions, an invader- can wipe out life in a city and take it ever intact its industries, util- Don't miss the "Glamor dinfc" feature beginniitg today in the women's section. Also "of ;special general interest is the feature, "Tales From The Great Book" an illustrated series on Old Testa- ment stories. Gulf Breezes Save the Day For So. Texas Southeasterly winds off the Gulf turned .the dust storm in its tracks Saturday morning and began pushing it northward, back to its source. By Monday afternoon, San An- tonio and vicinity should be clear agaia, the weatherman said. A BIG SHAKEOUT probably occurred Saturday morning when the northwesterly winds gave way to'Gulf breezes. In fie' course of the shift, wind velocity dropped tc zero and rnt'.ch of the dust quickly settled out of the air, the weatherman explained. The wind was on a northeas- terly tack at a.m. By 10 a.m. it had shifted to. an easterly direc- tion. A half' Mar'- later Jt was LOOK1 MA, NO WET HIT says Dennis 13.-, year -old Fairmont, models the -.latest in. spread- eagles, keeping .while his bike courses through one. of the many slushy puddles spring temperatures bringing to Min- Over So. Texas By CLARENCE J. LaROCHE 'StaH Writer The hassle over water in South Texas already is rearing its critical head, with municipalities anil agriculture -from Eagle Pass to Brownsville hang- ing on very dry tenter- hooks. the continued drouth conditions are casting an-ominous cloud over this year's cotton crop in .South Texas, where the great A state, nation- al and intenmtiona! news. B and opin- ion page, editorials. In Our Town, Tbe Billboard, markets, radio and television. C and ranch page, Sports, Outdoors page; Oil. D advertis- ing. E pages, fashions, clubs, weddings, en- gagements, chatter columns. Movies, ment. entertain- G and gar- dens, real eitite, building. log -col- umn, Uncle column, fash- loot, gag contest, food contest; Our Texas Towns, tnttsic, books, art, records, crossword j tnovie-radio-IV, picture Earl Wilson, coming out of the southeast quar- majority of acreage is in dry ter. [farming. ___ _JThe winds will- NOW, THE STEADY dropping replace the dust-laden northwest-1of Grande is forecasting ahead for border muni- as well as farmers on both sides .of the international stream. Falcon Dam, as of. the pasi week, was so low that the olc bridge at Znpata was entirely high and dry. "if that .bridge still had its ;a veteran cattleman of Zapata said, "I _ could driven Mexico easily. That water is way down and it's still going down and nothing Is coming in." At Laredo the past week, the average flow of the. Rio Grande at the two international cities was twice as low as it has been I in the., past Average flow for 'March, from 1924 through 1953, figures.at second feet. On March 13, this -year, it fell to 388.46. This, also, was the lowest of the river this year. Low- est ever recorded at.Laredo.in eriy eventually resh, clean, -clear breezes from the Gulf. The clearing sweep will continue through Sunday and Sunday, night. ALONG WITH THE gentle to moderate southeasterly winds Sunday, San Antonio and vicinity can expect partly cloudy and mild weather. Temperatures will range from 48 to 73. _ Partly cloudy with little change iii temperatures through Sunday is the outlook for. South Texas and the Rio Grands Valley. "Winds will be gentle variable early Sunday, becoming moderate to fresh eas- terly to southeasterly later in the day. 5 a.m. 54 6 ajn 54 7 ajn 54 8 a.ro 55 9 ajn M 1C a.m (5 11 ajn G8 12 noon 71 ________ 74 3 p.m ____ ...88 4 p-m 84 5p.m. .80 fi p.m. ......71 7 pan. ......78 9 pjn 7? 10 ____ 11 pA.. 2 pan 77 12 Today's Chuckle IHes, transportation and power plants ready to be used again in a lew hours, instead of being ruined, and radioactive." The gas was described as so xJeadiy it could leave its victim practically, helpless after one breath. AND 'CANARIES along with intricate electrical are used, in the WEEK Magazine and according to that height wfety precautions. Cages con-i Wg lections with South Texas'i table, printed on the front, :l 1 the Mrdjsrei Jeadinf itbould fix mchsj March was 494-4 'second feet on March 31, 1963: LAREDO, perienced .On .-the Eagle Pass, area agri- culture front, however, the situa- tion is different Sam. Schwartz, chairman of Maverick "County Water Control asd rlmprovement District Na ;bas goiinded a warning to his farmers, The past says.Schwartz, I -has mailed .out letters to his water'tisers calling attention to the impending need fir equitable water rationing among them, should current river conditions continue. ON LAREDO'S difficulties last June and the pos- sibility of another dry-up there, Schwartz said: "Wi- assured Laredo last year, that w- would release several the daily amount of jvater reeded for their .and for Nuevo Laredo. We xfo'.'not in- See DROUTH, Page 4A SOIL FROM TEXAS TO PREVENT NEAR 'BIRTH TRAGEDY' PALESTINE, box of dirt from "Anderson County .will be sent to Minneapolis, Minn., so that a soldier's wife from Texas may have her baby born on Texas soil. Mrs. Ruth Nance .of Jacksonville, wife of :LL Col, Nicholas H. .Nance, an Army officer stationed in Minneapolis, wrote that a .Texas also in Min- n .apolis, was "very upset" about having her baby born on foreign Mrs. Nance, who did not identify the friend, asked for "a little sofl" in an en- velope "to sprinkle be- tween its toes so it could enjoy the feel of a Texan East Texan." A whole box of Ander- son. spil will-be 'sent to .soil, white sand" and An- derson County loam.' A Modern Transformation IN .THIS'ISSUE of the Sunday Express and News, we introduce the News Glamor Clinic. In the 'clinic, the aim will be to transform San Antonio women and girls, and explain steps in the transiormation in daily stories appearing subsequently in San Antonio News. "Experiment Kathy" is the opener. An invitation will be run daily inviting prospective for. "glamoriziEg" to submit applications to the clinic. Wide Open Town' Sought As Result By PAUL THOMPSON S Writer San Antonio racketeers, chafing, under tight police reins, are pinning their hopes for a wide open town on. the Johnny Caldwsll murder case. I Procurers, dope peddlers and bigshots of tbe gaming rackets will (lay you 5-1 odds City'Mgr. RalpTi Wiiitoh the ax by June a result of police "bungling and decention" in the Caldwell shoot- of Feb. 23. i These sinister, figures of tbe twilight world of thugs, dice, "boo'ze and prostitution hope to unhorse Police Chief George Bichsel by working up 'public ire at the way city officers handled the CaJdwell case. I TO THAT END, THE UNDERWORLD HAS spawned a rash of j half-truths and twisted-reports all Jetting on that Bichsel knew how Caldxvell was shot well before he took action against the officer who die! it. With Bichsel discredited, the rackets think they can influence city councihuen to bump him out. And "Winton, the man who i appointed Bichsel, then stacks up as a sure bet to follow his chief [down the skids. I Caldwell was drilled through the head in the dingy office, of !a Xcgro night spot. Patrolman Oma R. Graves, since indicted for malicious murder, says the killing was an accident. j Vice Officers Myron Hubble and James SJebrecht-joined Graves i Feb. 23 in a spurious account of what went on at The- Spot cafe before Caldwell fell dead in a swivel chair. The 5S-year-oid Negro lunged at Graves with a knife, all three officers said, and the shooting followed. i A few days later the officers on their story. This time they called the shooting-accidental. THE GRAPEVINE, FED BY RACKETEERS and their errand boys, accuses Bichsel of- knowing right along his cops "were lying yet refusing to suspend them. And the .same sourest vow they'll put a noose around the neck of Graves with pre-trial "proof" he- had it in for Caldwell long before the Negro was shot dead. Winton himself knows what's afoot. He-said Saturday: J 'There is a movement under way to pry loose a tight lid our j police chief has imposed, on the underworld. The movement'is j growing in strength every-day, "At that council meeiing three weeks ago, when I seemed about to be fired, the room was full of police characters. They stood in the back, smoking and laughing, certain my day come." i To the. rackets, Bichsel .and Winton are ea unholy'xfeb; chief keeps .-vice, at a .minimum and the manager stands four- square behind him. "I intend to .go along with Chief Bichsel to the WiutoJt freely tells the press. "I have the utmost confidence in him. "Until absolute proof of negligence comes. forward and 1 feel sure it won't Bichsel is my man." WINTON AND THE mass of policemen believe Chief Bichsel acted in all promptness to suspend Graves, Hubble and Siebrecht when the officers publicly acknowledged flieir Me, Since then, the chief went a step further and demanded ouster from the force .of ail three policemen. In the teeth of this dear repudiation, kingpins of the rackets hope to win public support for a yarn that Bichsel was in cahoots with his errant officers right, along. Winton, Bichsel and most policemen understand the implica- tions of the Caldwell murder case.- So do Eniil 0. Scherlen' and Raymond Russell, the cpuneilmen who branded attempts at firing Winton a move .to "open up San Antonio." .Ragketeers quote those 5-1 odds the public will'be less dif- cerning. McCarthy Tells otMeas To Soft-Pedal Criticism OKLAHOMA Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy said Saturday night. he has -been urged "almost daily" by some Republicans to criti- cism, of the administration, but He described Sec. of the Army Robert Stevens as a "fine innocent, honest" man who. "could not-tope with -old-time Pentagon politician." that he refused to "put party _ McCarthy said he is confident r. -r I CSt above the interests' of Subcommittee. .Chief Counsel Roy Cohn -will be cleared by American people." McCarthy said he had cam- behalf of the-GQP perhaps'more, than any; other except the late'Sen.' Robert A. Taft. "ALMOST .DAILI, my good friends, I have''some-of my. chamelion Republican friends the investigation now being. planned. MCCARTHY. SAID he told Adams allegations against .Conn were released, "If you blackmail'me out of an: investigation into tire 'pattern, would Tins SUNDAY Saa Antonio E-xpress age the im JUNE, 1953, ex- worst water short- of modern history, when Rio Grande went was strictly rationed, and emergency, measures .UBdertaken. Up-river Eagle Pass, the _________r_ A woman slipped, off the penny photography, j sca'es turned to her husband, j municipal water situation was all picture page; be said, the right, Marvin Nelson, man- and News introduces a new feature, a column by ace Staff Writer Clarence J. LaRoche. LaRoche's column, .called "In Soutn Texas" will" tell tales 'of South Texas, doings. He will glean these .stories, in addition to other anecdotes, '-in -his wanderings through this area. For this new feature tarn to Page S-B. HOW WOULD YOU JJKE to win free tickets to the big .new on Ice of 19M" which opens at p.m. April 4 at the Coliseum? You will have your .chance" to win these tickets in the- Holiday on Ice Coloring Contest beginning Sunday in San Antonio Express and News. For details, turn to Page 7-A. urging me not to see any- be same tomorrow in the thing wrong about hiy next day an- McCarthy This attitude, he said, he has rejected. j verdict? A little "Oh, replied the woman, ager of. tha city-owned water sys- tem. There.fa sufficient, water in lie river at Eagle Pass to han- dle the' -city's normal needs aoif and in tbt forweablt futuni. "TALES FROM THE GREAT BOOK" an illustrated series on i. man- uhe old Testament, starts Sunday in San Antonio Express and News. Minisiers of all faiths in the city have joined in praising tue feature ORDER .COPY TODAY OF THE McCarthy sa_id he has no ill feeling for President Eisen- hower. "While I heartily disagree of tne things the administration is doing, I still think the average high enough so that if he were run- ning for office today, I woulcJ still be compelled to campaign for McCarthy said. McCarthy .covered a broad field of topics in a speech' to Republicans, including a' review of his stand against trade .with Red China and of his "Blackmail" com- plaint against Anry Counsel. John G. Adams. IX A conference; be- fore the speech McCarthy re- jected Sen. Stuart suggestion that 'he pleteJy out of his subcommittee during its investigation of h5s feud with the Army, He reviewed the' dispute In the. speech, describing it .not! as a fight with the Army. but with "a few individuals'" in the Pentagon. President Eisenhower thinka "is do- ing the best job he but added, "I. don't think he's a The Wjscoinsfn Republican was. told at a- news conference that Symington; also -a mem- ber of the committee, had called .upon; McCarthy to with. draw in favor of another- Re- publican. "Afttiis time I have no In- clination to do McCarthy said. MCCARTHY DIHCLOSED is preparing commit- tee help "a report on the efforts of the. Communist party to in- filtrate hews media that's television, radio and news- papers, what have you." He said he has never --said that "the majority cf the media" were Communist con- The report, he said, would be- "rtrfctly on niy. own." He said he had workimi on It for a a Half, but he how toon it will be ready, 4 m
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