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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - August 23, 2011, New Braunfels, Texas HERALD-ZEITUNG.COM | Tuesday, August 23, 2011 | 5 From rebel to terrorist to tyrant After four decades of iron-fisted rule, the walls are closing In on Libya’s »trongman Moammar Gadhafi Gadhafi could not be found Monday as rebel forces marched on Libya's capital Tripoli, 1942: Moammar Gadhafi Is born in the central Libyan desert, the son of a Bedouin father who was once jailed for opposing the Italian occupation The young Gadhafi is expelled from high school for leading a demonstration and later, while in the army under King Idris, he is disciplined for organizing revolutionary cells. 1977: Gadhafi proclaims a "popular revolution" and begins Imposing "peoples' committees" as local levels of government, topped by a “peoples' Congress," the equivalent of a parliament Pan Am Flight 103 1988: Pan Am Flight 103 from London's Heathrow International Airport to New York's John F Kennedy International Airport is destroyed over the town of Lockerbie, Scotland. The death toll was 270 people from 21 countries 1999: In an early sign of trying to rehabilitate his image, Gadhafi hands over two Libyans charged in the Lockerbie bombing Abdel Baset al-Megrahi is found guilty in the Lockerbie bombing two years later Amin Khalifa Fhimah Is acquitted. 200«: The U S state Department announces that it will restore ftill diplomatic relations with Libya Gadhafi, 1969 1969: \Miile only a 27-year-old captain, Gadhafi leads the coup that overthrows the monarchy He soon becomes the undisputed ruler 1986: In the 1970s and 1980s, Gadhafi increasingly supports terrorist groups Libya is found to be responsible for a bomb blast at a Berlin discotheque frequented by U S troops, and they are punished with bombings by U.S. Jets. Gadhafi is in the midst of an invasion of Chad at this time. 1992: The United Nations Security Council imposes sanctions on Libya to pressure the regime to hand over Lockerbie suspects Gadhafi at the U N. 2002: Gadhafi publicly renounces his support of terrorism abroad, saying, "In the old days, they called us a rogue state They were right in accusing us of that In the old days, we had a revolutionary behavior" LIBYA Continued from page 1 In addition to Self al-lslam, the rebels have claimed they also ca[)tured tv^/o other sons of Gadhafi, but that has not been independently verified. There was no explanation from either Self al-lslam or the rebel leadership council in the city of Benghazi as to why Self al-lslam had been reported arrested, something that was confirmed by the International Criminal Court in the Netherlands. Seif al-lslam and his father are both wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity. Given that the ICC had confirmed the arrest, his bizarre appearance raised the possibility that he had escaped rebel custody. When asked about the ICC's claim that he was arrested by rebels, he said: "The ICC can go to hell," and addend 'We are going to break the backbone of the rebels." At Bab al-Aziziya he shook hands with his supporters, who waved green flags and posters of his father. He blamed NATO for bringing rebels into the capital through the sea. At one point, hc‘ stepfX‘d out of his white stretch limousine to shake hands with a wildly cheering crowd, who chanti’d in support as he beamed and flashed f 2011: Gadhafi's regime unleashes the bloodiest crackdown of any Arab country against the wave of protests sweeping the region, which toppled the leaders of Egypt and Tunisia The country descends into a months-long conflict between Gadhafi loyalists and the opposition the "V for victory" sign. He wore an olive-grt'en T-shirt and camouflage trousers, with a full beard. Inside the limousine, he told AP Television; "We are here. This is our country. This is our [K'ople, and we live here, and we die here. And we are going to win, b('( ause the people arc with us. That's why were are going to win. Look at them — l(K)k at them, in the streets, every'where!" Asked about the situation in Tripoli, he said; "We will go AP around to the most heated areas to make sure that the situation is all right." He claimed NATO and the Wt'st distorted Libyan communications. "They sent text messages to the Libyan people through the Libyana network. They stopped our broadcast transmission. Tney perpetuated an electronic and media war in order to spread chaos and fear in Libya. Also they brought gang's from the sea and by car to Tripoli," Seif said. Somber mood at King memorial King WASHINGTON (AP) Some were locals who've watched for years as the memorial to the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. took shape on the National Mall. Some were tourists who hap-(K'ned to be in Washington the day if opened. All felt honored to be a part of history as they gazed at a towering granite sculpture of the civil rights leader. Hundreds of people slowly filed through the entrance to the 4-aere memorial site on a warm, sunny Monday morning in the nation's capital. Before reaching the sculpture, they passed through two picx es of granite carved to resemble the sides of a mountain. About 50 feet ahead stands the 30-foot-taII sculpture by Chinese artist Lei Yixin. King appears to emerge from a stone extracted from the mountain, facing southeast across the Tidal Basin to the Jefferson Memorial. The design is inspired by a line from King's famous "I Have a Dream" speech, delivered during the March on Washington in 1965; "Out of the mountain of despair, a stone of hope." While visitors snapped photos, shot videos and spoke with dozens of reporters, the mood was quiet and respectful. "I'm ecstatic," said Tehran Wad ley, ,15, of Washington. "It brings tears to my eyes, just to oe able to see this." King is the first person of color to have a memorial on the Mall. It is surrounded by memorials to presidents — Thomas Jefferson to the southeast, Abraham Lincoln to the northwest, Franklin Delano Roosevelt to the south. "1 think it's appropriate," said Frank Myers, 49, a Teamsters union officer from King Gc*orge, Va. "Fiis contribution was |ust as great as any of the presidents. This country's come a long way as a rc^sult of him and people like him." Monday's opening had little fanfare, but that will change during a vvcH*k ol events leading up to Sunday's dedication, which falis on the 48th anniversary of the March on Washington. President Barack Obama is scheduled to speak at the ceremony. The memorial cost $120 million, and Harry E. lohn-son, f)resident of the Martin Luther King |r. National Memorial Project FouncJa-tion, said the ^rouf) is $5 million short ot that goal. Tfie sh(*er size* of the* King sculpture sc'ts it a[)art from the nearby statues of leffer-son and Lincoln, which are both about 20 feet tall. It stands at the midpoint of a 450-i(M)t-long granite’ wall inscribc'd with 14 (juota-tions trom King's spc'cn ht's and writings. Among them: "Wc‘ shall overcome because the arc ot the moral universe is long, but It bends toward justic e," The sculpture depicts King with a sf(*rn, enigmatic gaze, wearing a |a( ket and tic‘, his arms folded and clutc hing [)a()ers in Ins left hand. Lei, the S(ul[)tor, said through his son, who translatc'd irorn Mandarin, that "you can set‘ the hope" in King's fac e. But his serious demeanor, Lei said, also indicates that "he's thinking. ' Lei said he wanted the memorial to be a visual representation of the id(\ils in King's "I Have a Dream" s[)eech. "His dream is very universal. It's a dream of (“cjualitv," Lei said through his son. "He went to jail. He had bc^c^n beaten, and he sac rificed his life for his dream. And now his drc*am comes true." King was assassinated in 1968 while sup()orting black sanitation workers who had gone on strike in Memphis, Tenn. The memorial site is surrounded by 182 Voshino ( herry treses that will blossom [)ink and white in the spring. It's intended to be ()eaceiul, giving visitors an opportunity to reflect on King's words and legacy. Kim, Russia talk energy MOSCOW (AP) Russian military officers tiew to North Korea for talks about renewing military ties on Monday as North Korean leader Kim long ll's armored train rolled through the resource-rich far east of Russia on his secretive journey to a summit with President Dmitry Medvedev. Kim is to meet Medvedev later this week near Lake Baikal in eastern Sil)eria during his first visit to his country's Cold War ally in nine years. North Korea is increasingly showing signs it is prepared to restart six-nation disarmament talks in exchange for aid, after more than a year of tension during which it shelled a South Korean border island and allegedly torpc'dcx^d a South Korean warship. Russian military officials arrived in the North Korean capital on Monday for a five-day visit. The Russian Defense Ministry said the talks will focus on the renewal of military cooperation lîetween the countries, possible joint exercises "of a humanitarian nature" and an exchange of friendly visits by Russian and North Korean ships. Russia and North Korea also will discuss "possibilities of joint exercises and training of search and res-c ue operations for sinking vesse s as well as providing assistance to people during natural disasters." Prosecutors ask to dismiss Strauss-Kahn charges NEW YORK (AP) New York City prosecutors asked a judge Monday to dismiss all criminal charges against former International Monetary Fund chief Dominic:|ue Strauss-Kahn because they aren't sure beyond a reasonable doubt that the hotel maid who created a cross-continental sensation by accusing him of sexual assault is telling the truth. The Manhattan district attorney's office said in court papers that the accuser, Nafissatou Dial-lo, repeatedly gave false information to investigators and grand jurors about her life, her )ast and her actions fol owing her encounter with the French diplomat. "In virtually every substantive interview with prosecutors, despite entreaties to simply be truthful, she has not been truthful on matters great and small," the lawyers wrote. The case captured international attention as a seeming cauldron of sex, violence, power and politics; A promising French ^residential contender, <nown in his homeland as "the Great Seducer," accused of a brutal and contemptuous attack on an African immigrant who came to clean his plush hotel suite. Diallo, and her attorney, Kenneth Thompson, met [briefly with representatives of the Manhattan district attorney's cjffice to discuss the dt'cision not to pro-ccH'd with the i)rosec ution. Thom[)son die n't say what had happened inside or reveal what his client was told, but he rec ited a short statement condemning prosec utors for their handling of the case. "Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vane e has denied the right of a woman to get justice in a rape case," he said. "He has not only turned his back on this innocent victim. But he has also turned his back on the forensic, mc'dical and other physical evidence in this case." Thompson is asking a judge tor an order disqualify ing the prosecutor's office from handling the case. Humanoid robot awakens on space station CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) NASA's humanoid robot has finally awakened in space. Ground controllers turned Robonaut on Monday for the first time since it was delivered to the International Space Station in February. The test involved sending power to all of Robo-naut's systems. The robot was not commanded to move; that will happen next week. "Those elc'ctrons teel GOOI^! One small stc’f) for man, one giant k'ap tor tinman kind," Robonaut [M)stt^ in a Twitter update, (All right, so a Robonaut team member actually pejsted Monday's tweets under AstroRobonaut.) The four visible light cameras that serve as Robo-naut's eyes turned on in the gold-colored head, as did the infrarex] camera, located in the robot's mouth and needed for depth perception. One ot Robonaut's tweets showed the view inside the American lab. Destiny. "Sure wish 1 could move my head and look around," Robonaut said in the tweet. Robonaut — the first humanoid robot in space — is being tested as a possible astronaut's helper. The robot's handlers at Mission Control in Houston cheered as evervlhing came alive. The main computers — buried inside Robonaut's stomach — kicked on, as did the more than 30 processors embedded in the arms for controlling the joints. Fla. AG: Anthony should serve probation ORLANDO, Fla. (AP) Casey Anthony should be forced to serve probation for check fraud because it was impossible to enforce the sentence when she was jailed while awaiting trial on charges of murdering her 2-year-old daughter, Florida's attorney general said Monday. A court filing from Attorney General l^m Bondi's office opposes efforts by Anthony's attorneys — who say the woman is now back in Florida — to prevent her from serving the probation sentence. Last week, Anthony's attorneys filed an appeal in state court arguing she had already served the probation sentence while she was jailed on the murder charge. Anthony was acquitted last month of murdering her daughter, Caylee, in a case unrelated to the check fraud, and she was released from the Orange County jail. Since then, she has kept a low profile, and her exact whereabouts have been secret. "Legally, it is clear that a defendant cannot serve probiition while incarcerated," the attorney general said in the filing. Circuit Judge Stan Strickland sentenced Anthony to a year of probation in January 2010 after she pleaded guilty to stealing checks from a friend. At the time, Strickland said Anthony should serve the probation upon her release, but those instructions never made it into a written order. Corrections officials interpreted the sentence to mean Anthony could serve the probation while she was in jail. f ............................... ...... 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