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New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (Newspaper) - July 30, 2000, New Braunfels, Texas Sunday July 30 2000 HHRALDZuiTUNG Page 3A Civil War blockade runners ship excavated BY MARY LEE GRANT Associated Press Writer GALVESTON AP On a hot night in May 1865 a ship slipped into Galveston Bay from the Gulf of Mexico It was loaded with smuggled goods from Cuba boots uniforms lead the latest in Paris fashions Only a quartermile from shore the Denbigh scraped against a sandbar and stuck Its mostly British crew escaped on a smaller boat before Union soldiers blockading the Confederate port began to shell and burn the unarmed steamer It was a month after Confederate Gen Robert E Lee had surrendered at Appomattox The Civil War raged on in Texas where rebels did not stop fighting until June Earlier this week researchers and stu dents with the Texas Institute of Nautical Archaeology dug six feet beneath the Gulf of Mexicos floor to pull out parts of the Denbighs engine pieces of history which they located by studying a map from the 1880s Little remains of the cargo and the pri mary value of the wreck is what it can show about how ships were built in the 1850s and 1860s But the Denbigh is special It is the only blockade runner ever excavated and is one of the most successful in the nations his tory said project director Barto Arnold Blockade runners owners gambled to make enormous profits during the Civil War by slipping past a tight noose of Northern warships to smuggle goods into the South We are learning about an extinct breed of Arnold said This vessel repre sents the pinnacle of British shipbuilding technology in the mid19th century When she was new in 1860 the engineering journals praised her as opening a new age in ship design In 1860 she was the hottest thing he said She was the Ferrari of The Denbigh was designed as a tourist boat to take visitors from Liverpool England to the Welsh coastal town of Rhyl The crew may have come partly from the English industrial towns of Manchester and Liverpool where cotton mills and strong trade relations with the American South made many sympathetic to the Confederacy There are no crew lists for the Denbigh Arnold said Her captain is unknown It wasnt the kind of thing they kept track of for obvious he said But they preferred British crew mem bers because they couldnt be put in prison by Union soldiers if they were cap British researchers have found docu ments that show the Denbigh reached 14 knots or about 16 mph on her trial run in 1860 In 1864 and 1865 she made 13 suc cessful round trips between Havana and Mobile and Havana and Galveston On Monday divers recovered the engines 8foot iron connection rod which weighs about pounds The rod transferred the power of the engine to the ships portside paddlewheel The engine parts will be cleaned and treated for preservation at the universitys Conservation Research Laboratory The research team will need at least another year to complete its investi gation Its goal Arnold said is to recover one of the engines and drive trains including the paddlewheel which is IS feet in diameter The team members plan to place recon structed artifacts in a museum Russias low birth rate decreasing population MOSCOW AP Over the past six years Dr Irina Budnikova has examined thousands of Russian women who want to give birth but cannot women who have had six miscarriages women whose ovaries atrophied before they turned 30 women so anemic that pregnancy made them faint daily These problems she said com bined with Russias still staggering abortion rate are helping drive Russias demographic decline The population keeps getting sicker Thats one reason the birth rate is going she said blaming widespread poverty dis integrating health care environ mental hazards and poor nutrition Fertility problems are just one facet of a trend that deeply dis turbs this bedraggled nation Russias population currently around 145 million is shriveling at a tempo unheard of in the mod ern era At the current rate of decrease demographers predict the worlds largest country will have a population smaller than Japans 125 million within 20 years President Vladimir Putin warned in his first state of the nation address last month If this continues the survival of the nation will be in Half of Russian men die before they can retire at age 60 as heart disease alcoholism and smoking escalate unchecked And Russian women are not having children or at least not enough The countrys birth rate has halved since 1988 to chil dren per woman according to the Statistics Committee Most avoid childbirth by choice either by not having children or by ending their pregnancies Russia has the worlds highest abortion rate with two of three pregnancies ending in abortion Some women do not have that choice Russias Health Ministry and other experts estimate that 10 percent to 25 percent of Russian couples are infertile and that many of them never turn to pro fessionals for help And infant mortality is on the rise a phenomenon extremely rare for an industrialized nation Some obstetricians say one tenth of Russian newborns die of infections We have sick women and theyre having sick Budnikova said in her office at the cityfunded Center for Family Planning and Reproduction in southern Moscow She said the maternity ward used to handle 36 births a day when she started working there in 1994 now it handles just 10 daily In another wing of the clinic Anya Morozova waited for an examination Morozova 18 is four months pregnant and jug gling medications to protect her fetus from the herpes virus that she contracted last year I didnt know much about womens health issues before I got she said quietly twirling her woven purse strap nervously Doctors at the clinic suggested one reason for increasing repro ductive problems is that Russian women are having sex earlier in their midteens That gives a woman more chances to contract infections that could affect childbearing NEWS BRIEFS State legislative luncheon The San Marcos Area Chamber and the Texas Association of Business and Chambers of Commerce are collaborating on a program to preview issues of importance to business in the next session of the State Legislature Guaranteed reservations are now available for the luncheon planned Tuesday Aug 15 at the San Marcos Activity Center TABCC President Bill Hammond will present an overview of issues that have been identified for action by TABCC These 2001 legislative priorities fall under broad categories of economic development employment rela tions environmental quality health care international trade taxes and spending tort reform and workers compensation among others District State Representative Rick Green and District 45 State Representative Edmund Kuempel will be on hand to field questions following Hammonds presentation The price includes a lunch and the program Call 5900 for your guaranteed reserva tion Radio program schedule update The Chambers weekly radio program on KGNB at to each Tuesday will feature the 12th Annual Business OBITUARIES Trade Show on Tuesday Aug 1 Bonnie Tetrault Chamber Vice President will host the program and guests will be Chair of the Show Lynn Limmer and Chair of Sponsorships Donna Scheele Upcoming programs will fea ture such topics as Business Economic Higher Youth Leadership New and others Chamber President Michael Meek hosts the program alter nately with Tetrault GGIDA meeting scheduled The Comal County Industrial Development Authority annual meeting will be held at 8 Monday July 31 in Honors Hall Chuck Knibbe President said the Comal County Industrial Development Authority will review financials and approve last years minutes The CCIDA is organized to act on behalf of Comal County for the purpose of issuing bonds for the promotion and development of industrial and manufacturing enterprises to promote and encourage employment and the public welfare Custom Vinyl Plantation Shutters Will Not fade shrink chip or crack and ngver naod painting For free inhome estimate call The Wvarwood Company 830 8322015 or 888 8874623 Toll Free omiuj JI lunaa Would like to thank everyone who was with us during our time of need For the telephone calls cards meals A special thank you to Dr Carlos Campos Rev Thomas Martinez Maraget Wallace The First Presbyterian Church McKenna Memorial Zoeller Funeral Home The family is very grateful for all things that were done during our time ofsorroiv HUBER E Burke Huber passed away on Sunday April 23 2000 in New Braunfels Texas at the age of 78 years Mrs Helen M Huber passed away on Sunday July 23 2000 also in New Braunfels at the age of 76 years They are sur vived by one son E Burke Huber Jr and wife Mary Kay of New Braunfels one daughter Vicki Fewel and husband John of Duncanville Texas grandchildren Burke III Matt Mary Beth and Jay Huber all of New Braunfels and Julie and Tony Timpa of Rockwall Texas The family has requested that memorial contribu tions be given to the Sts Peter Paul Catholic Church building fund Msgr Eugene OCallaghan 386 N Castell St WNEKALHOME HKRALDZEITUNG Published on Sunday mornings and weekday mornings Tuesday through Saturday by the New Bmunfels Herald Zeilwig USPS 377880 707 Landa or Drawer 3U328 New 1328 Periodical postage paid by the New BniunjUi IImildZeitung in New Braunfels Texas Carrier delivered in Comal and Guadalupe counties three months six months one year Senior Citizen Discounts by car rier delivery only six months one year Mail delivery outside Carnal County in Texas three months six months one year Mail outside Texas six months one year Subscribers who have not received a newspaper by 6 Tuesday through Friday and by 7 Saturday and Sunday can call 830 6259144 POSIMASII i Send address changes to the New Bmunjels HeiuldZeitung Drawer 311328 New Braunfels Tx 781311328 GYMNASTICS BLACKBELT ACADEMY Fall Registration Mon Tues August 7 8 From to ONE STOP SHOP FOR FUN AND FITNESS GYMNASTICS CHEERLEADING TUMBLING KARATE Programs for ages 12mos through adult 1437 S Walnut New Braunfels Phone 6060375 Apparel Shoes Accessories CONTEST RULES Take a picture of someone in your family or a friend reading the HERALDZliiTUNCi at the most recognizable landmark on your vacation Take more than one if you want Send your vacation photo to the HERALDZKITINU A panel of judges selected by the IlKRALnZiUTHNU will choose the three 3 most memorable vacation photos submitted Each photo submitted entitles the 1 to publish the photo in the columns of the HKKALDZKITINO for promotional purposes Cash prizes will be awarded as follows 1ST PLACE 2ND PLACE 3RD PLACE 00 The winning photos will he published in the I on Saturday September Huh Submit photos to HeraldZeitumj 311328Neu Hmunfels TX 7813113LW Each photo submitted entitles the Hfiiald Zuitung to publish the pholo in the columns ol Hit Huialil Zuiluny loi pioniulimul puii
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