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New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (Newspaper) - July 14, 1995, New Braunfels, Texas fit 4 0 HeraldZeitung 0 Friday July Opinion i To talk with Managing Editor Doug Loveday ibout the Opinion Dage call 6259144 3Xt 21 What one reads becomes part of what one sees and Ralph Ellison author 1986 EDITORIAL United Nations debacle Arms embargo cruel hoax played on Bosnian government by world body The United Nations is proving again and on a world stage how completely inept its policies are and how impotent its threats can be After years of bloody conflict in the Balkans the United Nations con tjfoues to hold to its failed agenda as if its leaders were all suffering from mass delusion When will they get it The Bosnian Serbs have laughed in the face of United Nations ponsored peace treaties humanitarian operations and bigstick waiv ing In return theyve shelled the capital city of Sarajevo for years con tinued their practice of ethnic cleansing and generally been a real pain n the side of world leaders What has been the response To place an arms embargo on the Josnian Muslim government and to declare safe zones theres in oxymoron for you in besieged cities The definition of a safe zone is a gathering of about inarmed hungry Muslims defended by a few hundred lightlyarmed peace Recently the safe zone of Srebrenica became anything but safe as Serb tanks and about infantry blasted their way past the roops and other defenders NATO air strikes were too indecisive too ittle and too Now analysts believe the Serb rebels are hungrily eyeing other tsafe zones as easy targets L Amidst all of this gloomy news is the equally frightening idea of a mass withdrawal of troops from Bosnia with the United States playing the key role in the extraction There would almost certainly Jre a loss of life to Americans either through enemy fire or through aircraft or equipment And back in Bosnia the government and its people would be left to face the Serb army by themselves But given the means and the opportunity to fight for their land they would rather that come about therfcontinue to be shackled by mandates and broken promises The should get out and get out fast That may be the Bosnian Muslimsonly chance Todays editorial was written by Managing Editor Doug Write us The New Braunfels HeraldZeitung welcomes letters on any public issue The editor reserves the right to correct spelling style punctua tion and known factual errors Letters should be kept to 250 words We publish only original mail addressed to The New Braunfels Herald Zeitung bearing the writers signature Also an address and a telephone number which are not for publication must be included Please cite the page number and date of any article that is mentioned Preference is given to writers who have not been published in the previous 30 days MaU letters to Letters to the Editor The New Braunfels HeraldZeitung Drawer 311328 New Braunfels Texas 781311328 Fax 210 6251224 Braunfels HeraldZeitung Editor and Sullens General DuVall Managing Loveday Advertising Stevens fpirculation Ann Avery fressroom Brandt Classified Cooper City Croteau Published on Sunday mornings and weekday mornings Tuesday through Friday by the New Braunfeli HemldZeiung USPS 377880 707 Landa Si or Drawer 311328 New Braunfels Comal County Tx 781311328 Second class postage paid by he New Broun Jfls HfraMZeituns Bwofels Texas Canier delivered in Comal and Guadalupe counties three months six months one year Senior Citizen Discounts by carrier delivery only six months one year 456 Mail delivery outside Comal County in Texas three months six months one year Mail outside Texas six months one year v Subscribers who have not received a newspaper by Tuesday through Friday tr iwon Svmday may call 210 6259144 or by 7 weekdays or by 11 jOn Sunday RjsiVASTat Send address changes to ibe Ntw Braunfels HeraUZeiiiing Draw er 311328 New ftwutfels Tx 78I31J328 Online contact To submit letters and guest columns electronically by way of online services or Internet or to simply contact staff members the HeraldZeitungs address is HZeitung@AOL.com Opinion Independence The month of July provides such a wonderful opportunity for patriotism that it would be a shame not to mention what today is It is July 14 Bastille Day in France the French Independence Day which took place in 1789 French inde pendence is important to Amer icans because the French peo ple supported our revolution for democracy 1776 and later pre sented our country with our beloved Statue of Liberty In the 1780s King Louis XVI was the absolute monarch of France His 26 million subjects were from different classes the nobles the bourgeoisie or mid dle class made up of business people and professionals and the peasants The classes were Marie Dawson not treated equally The nobles paid no taxes and had many special privileges The other classes paid the taxes to support the government Only nobles could get high positions in government the army and the church and the other classes greatly resented the situation Most of the taxes went to provide the nobles with the grand life In fact almost everyone is familiar with the infamous remark of Marie Antoinette wife of Louis them eat response when told of the starving peas ants of France who didnt even have bread to eat These were only a few of the intolerable conditions suffered by the people at that time A severe and disastrous harvest in 1788 led to starvation in the countryside The king was almost bankrupt and decided to raise more taxes By that time the peasants rebelled and stormed the prison fortress the Bastille on July To them the Bastille represented the kings power It was totally destroyed after the attack The storming of the Bastille led to similar attacks all over France Peasants attacked nobles castles The recently formed National Assembly made up of the middle class backed up these actions It declared that all men were free and equal and that everyone should pay taxes Supporters of the revolution formed the famous cry Liberty Fraternity and The French Revolution was a decisive moment in history That revolutionary cry was heard all over Europe and kings and dukes were afraid they would lose everything Many European cities rose up by 1848 in Germany Italy Hungary and Bohemia The French Revolution inspiredthe struggle for inde pendence and the French people had been inspired by the colonists revolution for liberty and freedom The old Hapsburg emperor the pope the kings of France and from their palaces In that same year Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published the Communist Manifesto This pamphlet was to nave worldwide impact Marx had studied the French Revolution and his ideas influ enced the Russian Revolution of 1917 Our history has been entwined with France since before the American Revolution and because of this the famous French sculptor Auguste Bartholdi created the Statue of Liberty and presented it to the to symbolize the liberty of all mankind In 1871 he often talked with his friend Professor Edouard Rene Lefebvre de Laboulaye and the con versations were often about America Over and over Bartholdi heard the same theme France and the were bound in friendship and had been for almost a century since they were allies during the American Revolution The conversations touched on the recent Civil War in the States and the conclusion was reached by these intellectuals that Americans had made and would continue to make tremendous sac rifices for the advancement of freedom Laboulaye usually turned to the as a model It was sug gested to Bartholdi that a monument to commemorate American independence would testify to the friend ship of a century Bartholdi became inspired and visited the in order to understand the people and the country and to gain insight into the American national character so that he could formulate his own grand idea In the fall of 1871 the sculptor took back to Paris a clear image of Liberty Enlight ening the World The intellectuals and politicians around Laboulaye who had originally planted the idea in Bartholdis imagination remained the backbone of the organi zation to raise the resources for Bartholdis monument to liberty Liberty was important to them and the was the model of the constitutional regime they hoped France would yet operating within the restraints of law America had proved that the middle way was feasible It was not until July full decade since Bartholdis enough money equivalent to was raised to inform the Americans that the money for cost of construction was in hand Meanwhile Bartholdi had worked endlessly on the creative task of an image to reflect the spirit of the New World and its people The statue that evolved from his imagination was a woman on whom to model the figure of Liberty Bartholdi turned to his tall powerful and shelter ing presence ever offering a refuge to those who needed comfort The statue that finally would rise in New York harbor was to be 151 feet high the face alone 10 feet wide In one hand was a tablet law book inscribed July and in the other a lighted torch Needless to say the engineering problems were for midable The great structure would have to bear its own weight and resist the force of any wind or tide that might sweep across the bay It would also have to contain a mode of access to the flaming torch and rest firmly on a base that would keep it upright through passing decades For the calculations and structural advice Bartholdi called upon the engi neer Alexandre Eiffel who had not yet gained fame for the tower he would later erect on the Seine Early in 1884 after numerous complications of construction and delays Liberty finally raised her head high over the roofs of Paris ready for her move to a site in the New World In a moving presentation ceremony on July France formally handed over the completed statue to the Delivery was made in 1885 and assembly begun Neither task was easy but on Oct President Grover Cleve land presided over the formal unveiling of the statue in an impressive ceremony with dignitaries from both sides of the ocean The New World had always been a place of refuge for the victims of religious persecution for the rebels against oppressive government and for the depressed populations of lands without opportunity For such people liberty was not an abstraction it was the lifegiving shelter that gave them air to breathe In 1903 a bronze plaque affixed to the statue carried a simple poem The New by Emma Lazarus Her words breathed passion The message was direct With silent lips Liberty cries Give me your tired your poor Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free The wretched refuse of your teeming shore Send these the homeless tempesttossed to me I lift my lamp beside the golden door On Bastille Day give thanks to two great nations who fought for and won their independence and to France who provided this nation with such a glorious symbol illuminating a way to freedom and liberty for all men Seniors With funding from the Texas Depart ment on Aging the Alamo Area Council of Gov ernments AACOG will sponsor mammograms per formed at McKenna Memorial Hospital at no cost to the first 35 senior women ages 6064 who qualify in Comal County on Tuesday July 25 and Wednes day July 26 Beginning at age 65 Medicare will cover the expense of a routine screening mammogram every two years It is recommended by the American Can cer Society and National Cancer Institute that women in this age group receive a mammogram yearly Women who are 65 or older for whom Medicare covered the cost of a mammogram last year are eli gible for a free mammogram this year upon verifi cation For appointments please call the Comal County Senior Center 6294547 Canyon Lake Action Cen ter 9642324 or New Braunfels Housing Authority 6291751 Prostate screening PSAs will be offered to the first 29 men age 60 or over who preregister at the Senior Center A staff member from McKenna Memorial Hospital will be on site Call the center 6294547 for an appointment Marie Dawson is a New Braunfels resident who writes exclusively about senior citizen After 39 years Judge Rich still going strong WASHINGTON AP If he wanted 91year old federal appeals Judge Giles S Rich could retire and spend his days reflecting on a career in patent law that dates to the early days of that amazing invention talking movies But the nations oldest and longesttenured feder al judge still on active service is too busy refereeing a dispute over a newer innovation VCRplus tech nology for programming home video recorders Rich can perhaps be excused for his devotion to the federal law giving inventors exclusive rights to their creations because he coauthored the last major revision enacted by Congress in 1952 The patent system was 200 years old in 1990 and Ive been part of it for nearly onethird of its Rich noted in a recent interview As a young lawyer in 1929 one of the first jobs I had was to take a stack of patents on talking mov ing pictures and study them and give advice to The gimmicks and gadgets in Richs office give testimony to his lifelong interest in figuring out how things work He has an old sewing machine the kind operated by pedal power He has tinkered with car engines and grandfather clocks and once put together a model engine for a prop jet that still works Theres a mod el of the Apollo lunar module I thought that was just about mankinds greatest fly to the moon and come he said As a boy in Rochester Rich worked for a man who put together human skeletons His father Giles Willard Rich became a patent lawyer after Today In History By The Associated Press Today is Thursday July 13 the 194th day of 1995 There are 171 days left in the year Todays Highlight in History On July 13 1793 French revolutionary writer Jean Paul Marat was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday The assassination inspired the famous painting by Jacques Louis David Corday was executed four days after slaying Marat On this date In 1787 Congress enacted an ordinance gov erning the Northwest Territory In Confederate cavalry commander Nathan Bedford Forrest was born in Bedford County Tenn Analysis drafting patent applications for some of George East mans turnofthecentury inventions in photogra phy Rich first aimed for a career in commercial avia tion but flunked the eye test So he turned to patent law which he basically taught himself because the Columbia University School of Law offered no courses in that legal specialty The Constitution authorizes Congress to tem porarily give inventors the exclusive right to The idea is to encourage innovation through financial incentive Who would spend the money to develop and market new inventions if someone else could immediately copy them During 27 years in private legal practice Rich helped inventors get patents on the greatest variety of stuff you can imagine a dump truck an elec trical switching device even an airraid shelter But the federal law was confusing It said only true inventions could be awarded patents but didnt give a definition Folks in Washington decided it was time to rewrite the law and Rich was one of several experts chosen for the task He suggested the standard that still pre vails Something can be patented if it would not have been obvious to a person of ordinary skill in that area It took years of lectures articles and court rul ings by Rich before the new standard took hold But what a world it opened up A 1980 opinion drafted by Rich got the biotechnology industry going by allowing patents to be awarded to newly devel oped living things President Eisenhower had named him in 1956 as the first patent lawyer on the Court of Cus toms and Patent Appeals That court was merged with another in 1982 to become the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit After 39 years Rich has been on active status with a full caseload longer than any other current judge And he is older than almost every other active judge in history even Oliver Wendell Holmes retired from the Supreme Court before he turned 91 But dont think that his age makes Rich a pushover One lawyer who argued before him this week got an earful Youve just dragged this defendant through all this expensive litigation To what puipose You havent presented a the judge said sternly but without raising his voice What keeps him going An even temperament and a moderate lifestyle say his former law clerks but also an active interest in young people and mod ern things He has survived so long and kept his mind intact largely by staying in discourse with bright young peo said Paul M Janicke a University of Houston law professor who clerked for another judge but lunched regularly with Rich He feels just as comfortable with the forefront of technology as the old said lawyer John Witherspoon who clerked for Rich during the mid 1960s He is still very much a modern In 1863 rioting against the Civil War military draft erupted in New York City the violence result ed in the deaths of about people over three days In 1878 the Treaty of Berlin amended the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano which had ended the RussoTurkish War of 187778 In 1960 Massachusetts Sen John F Kennedy won the Democratic presidential nomination at his partys convention in Los Angeles In 1967 racerelated rioting broke out in Newark by the time the violence ended July 17 27 people had been killed In 1972 George McGovern was nominated for president on the first ballot at the Democratic national convention in Miami Beach Fla In 1974 the Senate Watergate Committee pro posed sweeping reforms in campaign procedures and other statutes in an effort to prevent another Watergate scandal In 1977 a 25hour blackout hit the New York City area after lightning struck upstate power lines In 1978 Lee lacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Co by chairman Henry Ford II Ten years ago Live an international rock concert in London Philadelphia Moscow and Sydney took place to raise money for Africas starving people Five years ago Soviet President Mikhail S Gorbachev closed the Communist Partys 28th congress by saying he would welcome Western aid without political strings
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