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New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (Newspaper) - May 23, 1995, New Braunfels, Texas Tuesday May HerddZeitung Supreme Court nil WASHINGTON AP States may not limit the terms anyone serves in Congress the Supreme Court ruled today striking down as unconstitu tional a step taken by Arkansas similar to measures in 21 other states The broadly worded 54 decision could put more pressure on Congress to pass a constitutional amendment that would limit anyone in the House or Senate to a fixed number of terms But the ruling also closes down one avenue states acting alone to imposing such limits The ruling likewise closed out any attempt in Congress to impose term limits through merely enacting a statute The court said a constitutional amendment is the needed route Stateimposed term limits for state political offices are not affected by todays ruling Passage of such a constitutional amendment disfavored by some Republican leaders has proved difficult so far It requires a twothirds vote in each chamber And once enacted by Congress any proposed amendment would have to be ratified by 38 states The House rejected a proposed term limits constitutional amendment ear lier this year but Speaker Newt Gin jrich has vowed to place the issue atop he agenda at the beginning of the next Congress Congressional reaction to todays decision also could loom large as an Texas Briefs issue in the 1996 elections Sen Fred Thompson a termlimits backer said We will bring the term limits constitutional amend ment to the Senate floor at the earliest possible But Sen Bob Kerrey said Personally I continue to believe that term limits are an intrusion on the peo ples right to choose their own repre sentatives and would place smaller states like Nebraska at a This is a decision that will cause a lot of politicians in Washington to pop the corks on their champagne said Paul Jacob of Term Limits Ive got a message for them drink up Youre outnumbered Theyre going to wake up tomorrow and find out the American people are still going to want term Writing for the court Justice John Paul Stevens said the Constitutions framers intended that neither Con gress nor the states should possess the power to supplement the exclusive qualifications set forth in its The court also rejected the notion that Arkansas termlimit measure which disqualifies someone from being listed on the state ballot is really only an election regulation In the absence of a properly passed constitutional Stevens said in the courts 61page majority opinion allowing individual states to craft their own qualifications for Con This is a decision that will cause a lot off politicians in Washington to pop the corks on their champagne bottles Ive got a message for them drink up Youre outnum Paul Jacob Term Limits gress would thus erode the structure envisioned by the to form a more perfect Stevens was joined by Justices Anthony M Kennedy David H Souter Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen G Breyer Justice Clarence Thomas authored an 88page dissent in which he was joined by Chief Justice William H Rehnquist and Justices Sandra Day OConnor and Antonin Scalia Nothing in the Constitution deprives the people of each state of the power to prescribe eligibility requirements for the candidates who seek to represent them in Thomas said The Constitution is simply silent on this Arkansas voters amended their state constitution in 1992 to limit how many times someone could appear on the ballot Those who had served two six year terms in the Senate or three two year terms in the House could run but only as writein candidates The measure was challenged suc cessfully by the League of Women Voters of Arkansas The state Supreme Court ruled that states cannot add to the Constitutions list of qualifications for congressional membership mini mum age state residency and cit izenship for a number of years Arkansas officials appealed saying another constitutional provision giving states the power to control the times places and manner of elections means stateimposed term limits are lawful The Clinton admipistration argued that states have no such power Today the nations highest court agreed Noting that debates over term limits date back to the framing of the Con stitution Stevens offered this summa ry of both sides Term limits like any other qualifi cation for office unquestionably restrict the ability of voters to vote for whom they wish On the other hand such limits may provide for the infusion of fresh ideas and new perspectives and may decrease the likelihood that rep resentatives will lose touch with their Stevens added It is not our province to resolve this longstanding debate We are however firmly con vinced that allowing the states to adopt term limits for congressional service would effect a fundamental change in the constitutional The court found little guidance from two of its previous decisions cited most often by both sides in the constitution al debate over term limits Proponents cited a f974 decision in which the court upheld a California law denying a place on the ballot to a wouldbe independent candidate if that candidate had registered as a party can didate or voted in the immediately pre ceding primary election Opponents cited a 1969 high court ruling that barred the House from excluding a member who met the age citizenship and residency qualifica tions spelled out in the Constitution Disgruntled voters who think career politicians have lost touch with them have made term limits a political whirlwind since 1990 when Colorado voters adopted the first congressional termlimits measure But opponents to term limits corn tend voters already have the power to limit the terms of members of Con gress by simply refusing to reelect incumbents They argue that a termlimits amend ment will result in a Congress run by amateur politicians influenced too much by career staff members and spe cialinterest lobbyists Besides Arkansas and Colorado congressional term limits were approved by Alaska Arizona Califor nia Florida Idaho Maine Massachu setts Michigan Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon South Dako ta Utah Washington and Wyoming New Hampshires governor last week signed into law a termlimits restriction for Congress But that law was not to take effect until term limits were in place in 24 states The case is Term Limits vs Thornton 931456 Former Youth Minister May Have Fled State With 15 YearOld Girl ODESSA Texas AP A former youth minister who may have fled the state with a 15yearold girl is being sought by Midland police and the FBI The FBI filed a criminal complaint Friday against Charles G Adair III charging him with unlawfully fleeing the state to avoid prosecution on the charge of sexual assault of a child Adair received that charge May 17 four days after the unidentified girls family reported her missing The girl was a member of Adairs youth group at the Golf Course Road Church of Christ in Midland Midland Police Sgt David Garcia said the FBIs help with the investiga tion is appreciated They are far reaching They are all over the United Garcia said of the FBI With these guys helping us look it will make the tracking process a lot Cause of Helicopter Crash Under Investigation DOUGLAS Ariz AP Investi gators had yet to determine what caused a fatal crash of an Army obser vation helicopter while it was on a training mission in support of the Border Patrol The OH58C Kiowa scout aircraft from Fort Hood Texas went down about Sunday about 15 miles northwest of the DouglasBisbee air port Army officials said Monday Killed were Chief Warrant Officer Kevin L Jenkins 34 and Warrant Officer John D Peterson 29 both of Copperas Cove Texas according to Fort Hood officials The unarmed chopper went down in a rugged mountainous area about 30 minutes after taking off on the routine night training mission Fort Hood offi cials said Weather was reported clear The chopper was one of three heli copters involved in a training mission in support of the Border Patrol House Votes Down Hate Crimes Bill AUSTIN AP A bill champi oned by the states gay and lesbian lobby as an answer to a recent rash of violent crimes against homosexuals has been defeated in the Texas House The measure would have toughened penalties for crimes motivated by race color disability religion national ori gin or sexual orientation It was an attempt to clarify a law passed by the Legislature in 1993 that targets offenses based on bias and Law enforcement officials say the statute is too vague and may be unconstitutional The House voted 7068 Monday to prevent the bill from being consid ered most likely killing the measure in the final week of the legislative session Former Congressman Upbeat As He Enters Prison EL PASO Texas AP Albert Bustamantes face betrayed no sign of fear or sorrow while his last minutes of freedom ticked off the clock As the federal prison camp where he will spend the next 36 months loomed closer Monday the former congress man chatted about golf admired El Pasos warm weather and boasted that one of his children was applying to Harvard University Only on occasion during the ride from the El Paso International Airport to the Fort Bliss prison did he pause to rip the government for prosecuting him on charges of bribery and racke teering Whats so insulting in this is the way that the government really went after it They just put so much expense into said the 60yearold San Anto nio Democrat who was defeated in 1992 by Republican Henry Bonilla amid continuing reports of the inves tigation Bustamante was convicted in 1993 of accepting a bribe and using his office to engage in criminal enterprise He flew into El Paso unescorted Mon day afternoon with nothing but the clothes he was wearing and some spending money to begin his three year sentence at the minimumsecuri ty camp at Biggs Army Airfield on the sprawling Fort Bliss installation Man Offers Reward for Information On Missing Wife DALLAS AP An Arlington man charged with murdering his ex wife 17 years ago is offering a reward for information to help find his most recent wife whose disap pearance has sparked suspicion she was killed Jack Reeves originally had 200 fliers printed offering a reward for information about his exwife Emili ta Reeves now has decided to increase the reward Ball said Reeves a 54yearold retired Army sergeant is out on bond awaiting trial in the 1978 death of Sharon Reeves 34 She was found dead in July 1978 of a shotgun blast iri her Copperas Cove home Her death was listed as a suicide until earlier this year when Arlington police investigating Emilitas disap pearance found evidence they say links Reeves to Sharon Reeves death 16ik jbad MOM Local News Local News Local News Read the HeraldZeitung INTERNAL MEDICINE 264 West Mill Street New Braunfels Texas Office Hours Sam 5pm MondayFriday 6292040 Medicare Assignments Accepted New Patients Welcome SMALL BUSINESS is OUR BUSINESS TEXAS SMALL BUSINESS TEXAS LOANS AS TEXAS 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