Friday, April 21, 1995

New Braunfels Herald Zeitung

Location: New Braunfels, Texas

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New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (Newspaper) - April 21, 1995, New Braunfels, Texas Opinion To talk with Managing Editor Doug Loveday about the Opinion page call 6259144 ext 21 The press enables electorates to make informed choices and there one set of troubles Lord McGregor of Durris British statesman 1992 E D I T O R I Our Own Backyard Terrorist attack in Oklahoma City points to need for stricter border controls The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor has beckoned the worlds hud dled masses and other souls to our shores for a century Individuals and families from every nation and race have responded packing up their meager belongings and setting sail for this country Political and religious persecution has led others to seek sanctuary within our country while others have tried to escape the stranglehold of poverty in their own lands by moving to the United States Now apparently we have a new breed of visitor to our inter national terrorist He brings to America skills and dreams just like other immi grants and visitors He sees this country as a land of opportunity But his vision and his plans are terribly wrong for this land and its people Early reports from the FBI and other federal law enforcement agencies have suggested the bombing at an Oklahoma City federal building Wednesday car ries the signature of international terrorists The magnitude and configuration of the car bomb that devastated the ninesto ry building is similar to the bomb that blew up in the garage of the World Trade Center in New York in 1993 leading some to speculate that Islamic extremists may be behind this weeks terrorist attack What does that mean to you and me Just that our lives may be forever changed One security specialist who helped formulate a new security plan for the World Trade Center in the wake of that bombing predicted more terrorist attacks would be forthcoming After New York the taboo had been broken Terrorists had hit hard on American soil and the security specialist thought more acts were sure to follow Unfortunately it seems he was right Every indication is that the perpetrators and the knowhow it took to pull off the bombing did not originate in this country President Clinton aptly described the terrorists as evil and now our government must track and trap these animals and put up barriers to keep like minded extremists out It seems our way of life in America will change maybe not dramatically but certainly in regard to security matters While we must remain a free and open society its time we enact stricter checks and measures at our international points of entry Those entering this country especially from areas of the world with known terrorists organizations should be required to undergo stronger scrutiny by our customs agents Some European nations and Israel require visitors and other travelers enter ing their borders to undergo such measures Those countries have learned to take such precautions because of past experiences with terrorism Sadly to say we now have that same experience to draw upon Todaya editorial was written by Managing Editor Doug Write us The New Braunfels HeraldZeitung welcomes letters on any public issue The editor reserves the right to correct spelling style punctua tion and known factual errors Letters should be kept to 250 words We publish only original mail addressed to The New Braunfels Herald Zeitung bearing the writers signature Also an address and a telephone number which are not for publication must be included Please cite the page number and date of any article that is mentioned Preference is given to writers who have not been published in the previous 30 days Mail letters to Letters to the Editor The New Braunfels HeraldZeitung Drawer 311328 New Braunfels Texas 781311328 Fax 210 6251224 New Braunfels HeraldZeitung Editor and Sullens General DuVall Managing Loveday Advertising Stevens Circulation Ann Avery Pressroom Brandt Classified Reininger City Croteau Published on Sunday mornings and weekday mornings Tuesday through Friday by the New Hraunfek HeraldZeituns USPS 377880 707 Landa or Drawer 311328 New Braunfels Comal Counly Tx 78131 1328 Second class postage paid by the New liraun fels HeralclZeiiung in New Braunfels Texas Currier delivered in Comal and Guadalupe counties three months six months one year Senior Citizen Discounts by carrier delivery only six months one year Mail delivery outside Comal County in Texas throe months six months one year Mail outside Texas six months one year Subscribers who have not received a newspaper by Tuesday through Friday or by on Sunday may call 210 6259144 or by 7 weekdays or by 11 on Sunday PosiMASiiiK Send address changes to the New Braunfelx HeraldZeitung Draw er 311328 New Braunfels Tx 781311328 Opinion Online contact To submit letters and guest columns electronically by way of online services or Internet or to simply contact staff members the HeraldZeitungs address is HZeitung@AOL.com Architecture has Old World flavor Marie Dawson Currently here in New Braun fels a great deal of emphasis and interest is being placed on things German because of the Sesquicentennial The recent his toric home tours made me start thinking about German archi tecture in our fair city especial ly since I started renovation of an old German Sunday House of fachwerk construction myself Interestingly when I say Sun day House many people ask What is a Sunday even some people of German descent So in keeping with our 150th celebration here is a little information and some personal observations In GermanAmerican Folklore compiled and edit ed by Mac E Barrick he refers to folk architecture as that which is constructed by nonprofessionals with some traditional skills following traditional concepts of room size and building techniques Although settlers in the New World carried with them the mental concept of traditional housing and techniques and the tools needed to reproduce that con cept their resultant structures were influenced and altered by a variety of factors such as climate eco nomics and available materials The use of log buildings has been ascribed to a Germanic source Historians have noted the similarity between log buildings of the New World and those of the GermanSlavic border area and also similarities of style in southern Germany and Switzerland The American log building styles are a synthesis of those European influences Log buildings and houses abound in the New Braunfels and Hill Country areas Another technique widely used by German settlers is one called or half timber construction The framing members of the building are exposed They are heavy squared timbers mortised or pinned together with the space between filled with brick or stone nogging or with wattle and daub which is a mixture of mud dung and straw or hair as a binder This type of construction became popular in western Germany when wood became scarce in the Middle Ages In his book Mr Barrick comments that few examples of this type survive even though it was extremely common among the Pennsylvania Ger mans Well he needs to come to New Braunfels and Fredericksburg to see plenty of examples The Sunday House was extremely popular in the New Braunfels and Fredericksburg areas and many examples remain today The Sunday Houses were built by German fanners who came to town on week ends to attend market or go to church They were sim ple structures on small lots and most were of fach werk construction They usually had one or two rooms on the ground floor with a sleeping area in the half story above The unusual feature of this house is that it has no internal stairway Access to the upper level was once gained by ladders but now open out door stairways are used in some My particular house which is located on two lots originally grant ed to German families in 1845 had 4 small rooms with 12foot ceilings and with additional very high ceiling attics There was no plumbing electricity or closets Today we call it primitive Since New Braunfels was primarily settled in 1845 as a farming community on lands granted the immigrants I feel certain that many of the customs and superstitions from the Old World were part of the heritage Many people sought out the aid of brauch ers when they thought their cattle or other farm animals were bewitched The most common recom mendation was that they draw a picture of the sus pected witch on the barn and shoot at it with a silver bullet The witch would be injured in the same part of the body which the bullet struck Many hex signs and charms were placed on buildings to ward off evil spirits fire etc The best known of these protective charms is the Himmelsbrief letter from The idea of a letter written by God Himself dates from early Christianity but most of those in circulation today purportedly date from one of several such letters found in Germany in the 18th Century The letter gen erally promises protection from evil to anyone who believes it and carries it often specifying that no fire or bullet shall come near such a person Many Pennsylvania German soldiers carried them into bat tle during the two world wars and numerous broad side copies hang in German homes to protect them from destruction A common view by experts is that hex is the Americanization of the German Hexe for The term hex sign is of fairly recent vintage Before the 1900s they were simply called flowers or stars or whatever The most common designs on barns or homes were swastikas stars and all common mystical symbols from Europe with religious connotations signs of goodwill or good luck I wish I had some such letter or hex sign to ward off the bad during my current construction and ren ovation Almost daily there is something unex pected and frustrating as all who have done a similar thing are aware However the original house had and still does have 4 painted on each so maybe Im in for some good luck I hope so especially on lottery day Since this is the year of new construction and ren ovation for the Comal County Senior Citizen Center maybe we can add a hex sign to the building to con tinue the good luck that has always been with us from the beginning of our original construction I checked out a book recently from the Martha Stewarts New Old Home and I laughed and laughed Everything was so perfect and so clean and in the pictures Martha looked so perfectly groomed I couldnt help but wonder why I have mud up to my knees and chipped nails dust an inch deep on everything and trash everywhere Guess Im just not neat Anyway its a good book but I hope no one is taking pictures of me during this phase of my life In addition to the fachwerk and symbols on the old Sunday House Im particularly fond of the ginger bread trim That probably was not added until the ear ly 1900s but I think all will agree as to its charm Those who took the local home tours this year probably learned a great deal more about the archi tecture and appeal of the historic homes Even though it happened by circumstance I am pleased to be a part of this years celebration by contributing a little bit of restoration to the heritage In the Sesquicentennial Parade Saturday look for the Senior Centers float Kenneth Triesch and his band of volunteers are working on a parade float to represent all areas of activities at the Center It sounds great Look for it The Center has a new face on board Erma Wilson has joined the staff as Manager of the Thrift Shop Thanks to all our wonderful volunteers for giving her a warm welcome and their support Funcuiio show KicKira each I owSr conclude now Jurors said to te Congress cant reopen court cases WASHINGTON AP Most folks dont lose sleep worrying about the relationship of the federal govern ments three branches How Newt Gin grich and Bill Clinton get along is for most a source of amusement Some Americans might recall a high school lesson or college lecture on the constitutional separation of But theyre probably willing to leave such highbrow stuff to the academics and the smarter of the politicians But nine American academics and politicians the members of the Supreme Court still care deeply about the 200yearold concept and they had some bad news for Congress on that score this week Their new decisions immediate impact is marginal but it may signal a shift in the courts deference to Con gress It also reminds those in power that constitutional rules apply and are zealously enforced The high court said Congress doesnt have the power to reopen a court case that has become final The ruling struck down a 1991 law Congress had passed to allow lawsuits by some stock investors who previ ously had their cases dismissed The law an attempt to undo a Supreme Court decision on filing deadlines Analysis required reinstatement of any lawsuit dismissed because of the high court ruling Led by Justice Antonin Scalia the court ruled that Congress had usurped judicial power by trying to resurrect the finalized legal disputes In a 30page opinion that read like a history lesson Scalia laid out for a six member court majority a formalistic approach to separation of powers The doctrine he said is a structur al safeguard establishing high walls and clear distinctions because low walls and vague distinctions will not be judi cially defensible in the heal of inter branch Such conflicts have been part of politically charged high court rulings power to block presidential policy through a practice called the legislative veto was struck down in 1983 version of automatic deficit ieducing measures enacted by Con gress the GrammRudman Act was struck down in 1986 power to create a commission that came up with sen tencing guidelines for federal judges to follow was upheld in 1989 federal law requiring the appointments of special prosecutors to investigate alleged crimes by high ranking executivebranch officials was upheld in 1988 Chief Justice William H Rehnquist perhaps the court member most defer ential to the overall power of Congress wrote the 1988 opinion that upheld the independentcounsel law Scalia a fellow conservative who does not share Rehnquists enthusiasm for congressional authority was the sole dissenter in the 1988 case He said the separation and balance of powers are what make the Constitution a unique and enduring document In dictatorships of the modern world bills of rights are a dime a Scalia said back then adding that shared and diffused governmental power is really what protects freedom Americans periodically are warned about the dangers of an imperial pres a runaway Congress or even an unelected But the Unit ed States never has succumbed to dic tatorship Scalia this week borrowed from the poet Robert Frost in offering one of the reasons why Good fences make good Today In History By The Associated Press Today is Friday April 21 the 111th day of 1995 There are 254 days left in the Todays Highlight in History On April Baron Manfred von Richthofen the German ace cnown as the Red was killed n action during World War I On this date In 1649 the Maryland Toleration Act which provided for freedom of worship for all Christians was passed ay the Maryland assembly In 1789 John Adams was sworn in as the first vice president of the Unit ed States In 1836 an army of Texans led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexicans at San Jacinto assuring the indepen dence of Texas In 1910 author Samuel Langhome Clemens better known as Mark Twain died in Redding Conn In 1940 the quiz show that asked the Take It or Leave premiered on CBS Radio In 1955 the Jerome Lawrence Robert Lee play Inherit the loosely based on the Scopes trial of 1925 opened at the National The atre in New York