New Braunfels Herald Zeitung, April 12, 1987, Page 10

New Braunfels Herald Zeitung

April 12, 1987

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Issue date: Sunday, April 12, 1987

Pages available: 105

Previous edition: Friday, April 10, 1987

Next edition: Tuesday, April 14, 1987

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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - April 12, 1987, New Braunfels, Texas Insight Sunday April 12.1987HtraKfr-ZtMung, New Braunfels. Texas Page 5A Board okays refinement of teacher evaluation system By SUZANNE GAMBOA Associated Press Writer Al ST1N »Ai’ The Texas Board of Education Saturday took strides toward improvement by ap proving changes in the teacher evaluation system and rules aimed at reducing dropout rates, state Education Commissioner William Kirby said Although the teacher evaluation system was left mostly intact by the board Kirby said the board ac Hon made refinements to the system After teachers complained about the evaluation system the Texas Education Agency formed a 28 member panel that met in February to recommend changes in the way the state evaluates its teachers The panel included lo classroom teachers Tile panel presented its proposals to the board Saturday We have tried to address the concerns of teachers and administrators said John Prescott, chairman of the committee that proposed the changes “Since they have voiced their concerns to us I feel what we have done in this w ill address their criticisms With the 19K4 education reforms critics complained the state was taking away local control of education Kirby said Here it is so important that the people have the abilitv to anal v ze their needs herald The biggest change in the teacher evaluation system came in how teachers are graded on their exceptional qualities.” Prescott said The change gives the teacher more of a chance to be graded on an overall perspective, he said “It's just one more step in the refinement process I don t consider that we are where we will eventually be and as a matter of fact. I consider that the appraisal process will be an ongoing process of improvement Prescott said Kirby said problems with the current system stem mostly from misinterpretation When the changed system goes into effect next school year those who evaluate teachers w ill t>e better trained be said Some changes the board hopes to make, such as reducing the number of times some teachers are evaluated each year require legislative action Kirby said In response to reports of high dropout rates the board also adopted rules requiring school districts to implement policies and programs by Sept I. 1988 designed to keep students in school We have developed a rule that permits us to allow sc bool districts under certain criteria to develop wide ranging innovative type* programs to deal with those students who are at risk said Jack strong head of the board s committee for students Guest ColumnEmotions Good, sensible advice for losing weighty making sure it stays lost B » JOHN I WALKE HMD To eat and think coursed thin use these diet tips sug gusted bv the Health Weight and stress runic of Johns Hopkins Medical Institution as reported in the January «*dttiono( /'reventnm Magazine 1 keep a ftxxl diary recording everything you eat vtuir activitv while you are eating watching T\ reading etc and vour tellings This diarv will help you understand when vou are most tempted to eat and the emotional states 'hat com* ide with overeating 2 NS hen you cheat on vour diet cheat only halfway eat oms half of vour treat and throw the other half aw ay ■set nas«M..tt'M at hies aloe goals Instead of saying I a ald like to I os*- lf* pounds am. for four pounds a month or oih* pound a w*-ex I I>r.nk eight 8 oz glass*-* of water daily Water rrdu* es salt retention and dulls the appetite by filling vou up ».o on a diet with a friend Supporting each other alii encourage both of you to stav on your diet * Y urmnate T\ Those who watch many hours of '»• e\ s|on tend to tx* overweight tat a Use V OU don t ever i is.- when vou are sitting watt dung the tutx* and T\ has manv food atis that encourage you to eat and drink F xtTi se instead of eating When hunger strikes go tor a jog or w alk - I Km t keep junk food around the house It is im pussier to eat junk foods if they are not available • When losing weight you will find plateau that list our age you When you hit a plateau don t despair Listed t exercise more reduce you calories arui in crease your water intake Weigh only once a week Weight fluctuation secon 1ary to water retention and the time of the day you weigh all discourage you if you weigh more frequently "an *ru e a week I. When severely tempted to gourge your**.! eat something sour such as a lemon or pi* kie which may eliminate urges 12 VS lien the urge to eat overcomes you close your eyes lake a deep breath and breathe in relaxation and breathe out tension and imagine yourself at vour ideal weight I ■ Place a picture of vour thin sell or vour favorite thin celebrity on the refrigerator door to encourage you to resist eating 14 Take one minute three Mmes daily to close your eyes and imagine yourself at your ideal weight 15 Make each meal a dining event Eat from a table with a tablet loth and piacemats Candelight dining adds to the specialness 0( the eating occasion and makes you pay attention to thing* around you rather than focusing in on your food 16 shop only when you are satisfied never when you are hungrv Vou will buy more sweets when shopping while hungry IT Remember alcohol is fattening and don t forget that you can gain tremendtxjs amounts of weight just from drinking colas Even diet tolas add pounds tieeausr most diet colas are high in sodium which cause fluid retention and weight gain 18 Keep raw vegetables and unbuttered unsalted popcorn av anabo* for snac k* These foods are high in fitter satisfying filling and low in calories I* \iwavs leave something on your plate The starv mg people in «. hir.u w it continue to starve whether you eat all your food off of your plate or throw it away JI Lose weight slowly I _ pounds a week have a reasonable diet enjoy f<xx1 hut cut hack For example it is alright to have ice cream hut just have a few bites instead of an entire howl JI Thew everything completely and savor each bite i'ount Jo times for each t Ie of food 22 Make certain that you are losing weight for vourselt and not for your family or friends Eat three meals a day just eat u-s* 24 Eat breakfast like a king or queen lunch like a prince or princess and supper like a pauper lf you eat most of the calories during the day then your body has a cham e to burn up these calories before going to sleep Most overwieght people skip breakfast and lunch and gourge themselves at night which only cause* the body to store up calories in the form of fat instead of burning the c atones up for energy 2 > Never eat ate night meal* The later you eat the more likely the calories will tx* stored in the form of fat Best wishes for thinking thin and getting thin Dr ii alker i* medical direc tor of Hill Country Hi»pita in >.tr. \ntonio anti maintain* a pm alc p*y hiatrn prat. Inc in New Htaunfei* Scientists: Earth’s core hotter than sun’s surface By LEE SIEGEL AP Science Writer PASADEN A Calif VI* Hie center of the Earth is twitter than the sun s surface with temperature thousands of degrees higher than once thought say scientists who used diamonds and guns lo mimic pressures at the planet s core Earth s inner core has a temperature of atxjut 12 420 degrees F ahrenheit compared with previous estimates of 4 HOO to 6.71M) degrees s* (enlists from the I Diversity of California at Berkeley and th** California Institute of Technology reported todav in the journal Science The surface temperature of the sun is at lout IO 40o degrees Fahrenheit said Thomas J \hrens a co author of the study and geophy sics professor at i aliet h in Pasadena The researchers used diamonds rubies laser tx*ams and special bullets to compress and heat iron so they could determine the melting point of iron in Earth s inner core where pressure is 49 million pounds iH*r square inch or I f million times Earth s atmospheric pressure at sea level The finding is surprising because it suggests the core, not the overlying mantle, is the source of much of the heat that makes huge plates of the Earth’s crust slide over its surface in a process called con tinental drift or plate tectonics Ahrens said • Thus. the forces that drive the plates and give rise to earthquakes and volcanoes have their origins in th** Earth * curt* he said l hi> provides u* strong insight into flow the Earth work* Earth > outermost layer the crust is at*>ut 4 mile* thick tx*low oceans and 2-> miles thick beneath continents I niter tti** crust is the mantle which is atxiut I 7Ko miles thick Below the mantle is th** molten iron outer core which is vitMHjt I 4lo miles thick The inner core which is solid despite high temperatures txvuusc it is uniter so much pressure has a diameter of I mo miles Xhiens said The scientists calculated temperatures of attout 12 42u degrees tor the inner core ll 9oo degrees for the boundary between the inner and outer core and 8 o4o degrees for the outer core mantle boundary Berkeley graduate student Quentin Williams and geologist geophysicist Raymond Jeanloz determined iron s high pressure melting point by sandwiching a thin film of iron between two layers of ruby then squeezing th** sandwich Atween diamond anvils while heating the iron with a laser beam At Caltech. Ahrens visiting geophysicist Jay Bass and graduate student Kot>ert Svendsen determined the melting point of iron at the inner outer core boundary by melting iron under higher pressures They created such pressures by using powerful guns to shoot bullets made of plastic and metal at lh ohm mph into a thin iron film Their findings were corrected to account for the fact that Earth s core isn t pure iron and that the rn lier core is a few hundred degrees hotter than the outer inner core houndarv Spread of AIDS by insects feasible By DORIS GNAUCK WHITE, Ph D. The Center of Disease Control iCDC and the Natinal Institute of Health NHI > told us that AIDS was hard to catch it s not' Just look at the statistics For a disease which was first recognized in 1981 and was given a name two years later it has spread so rapidly that thousands of victims are dead Millions of Americans harbor the AIDS virus and are potentially contageous as well as their babies Many of us are shocked that the (TX' and NIU did not quarantine people with the AIDS virus right away now we have a real medical mess’ Any farmer dog or cat breeder poultry raiser etc knows that if you have a sick animal you must isolate the specimen immediately NASA showed wise judgement in placing the first moon astronauts in isolation upon their return to Earth The negligence of the CDC and the NIH may cost us millions of lives within the next few years as there is no cure for AIDS and very little hope of ever getting an AIDS vaccine because it mutates many times more frequently than the flu v iruses The CIX and NIU told is that men can give AIDS to women but that women cannot give AIDS to men That has been disproven In Africa where AIDS is rampant the AIDS virus has been found rn insects ticks and spiders hereafter term ed as insects It ha* been proven unfortunately that medical workers have become ill with AIDS from accidental nee die "ticks A blood sucking insect * probosek is a tube like mouth part developed for pierc ing *kin and sucking blood It functions like a hypodermic needle Instead of saying that it ha** not been proven that in sects transmit the AIDS viru* the < Im and NIU should t** informing the public that the AIDS virus has been found in African insect" where AIDS is rampant It is illegal for us to experiment with human" by plat mg blood suc king insects on AIDS victims and then ex posing healthy humans to those "ame insects **o how can we prove the insects possible role in spreading AIDS Unless it can be proven that blood sucking insects cannot transmit AIDS we should t** cautious and reduce our exposure to them Six percent of the \II» victims do not know how they got MDS as they are not homosexuals bisexual" blood recipient" sexual partner" of the above nor 'heir newborn infants It is possible that insec ts gave Allis to them Blood sucking insects have beer. shown to spread many diseases For example Mosquito**" spread malar.a cause ny a protozoan which is a single celled animal The tsetse fly spreads sleeping sickness caused by another protozoan sand flies spread Leishmaniasis Fever caused by a Ticks spread Lyme disease caused by a bacterium Fleas spread bubonic plague also called sylvanic plague which is caused by a bacterium Lice, fleas, mites and ticks spread typhus fever which is a rickettsiae disease Rickettsia are smaller than bacteria hut larger than viruses They also spread relasping fever and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Lice spread trench fever and rabbit fever also known as tuleremia These are viral diseases Fleas spread murine typhus fever caused by a virus Mosquitoes spread yellow fever dengue caused by viruse" Mosquitoes spread elephantiasis which is a tiny .worm This worm is approximately 8.000 times larger than the AIDS virus I see no reason why blood sucking insects could not transmit other viruses when they can so successfully transmit other viruses and much larger organisms I nless we receive absolute proof that insects cannot transmit the AIDS virus we should take the following precautions 1 Keep people with AIDS virus away from blood sucking insects 2 W ear long sieves and slacks or trousers w hen outside and insects are present Have screens on w indow s and doorways 4 Use insect repellants such as aerosols, punks citronella candles etc 5 < )uthouses and portable toilets should have toilet seat covers k Use fly paper and other insect traps 7 Use fly swatters 8 Use hug zappers such as electrical grids 9 Dump standing water where mosquitoes breed such as in old tires tincan" bottles etc I" Encourage insect eating birds reptiles bats and fish 11 Hear away brush near your home as insects like still" are They hate the breezes of cleared areas 12 Avoid perfumes They attract insect I Be careful with insecticide They can kill people too I supervise student teachers for the State of New Jersey Frequently I visit schools where there are outbreaks of flea" or lice Once I picked up scabies a mite by "itting at a desk of an absent student By law AIDS students attend the same classes Is this w ise’ I nth it can he proven that insects cannot transmit AIDS we had better take precautions Money is needed for companionate help for AIDS victims Money is needed for AIDS research Sound judge ment is needed for preventing unnecessary spread of MDS />r ii hue I* an entomologist and conducts Herpes virus rest*arch at William Paterson College in Wayne New Jersey Shultz agenda lengthy and marred by 'heavy shadow' An AP News Analysts By BARRY SCHWEID AP Diplomatic Writer SN ASIil.NiiTOS NP It took lr* months for Secretary of State George I’ Shultz to filii wult- ranging 'aiks with the Soviets atter they shot down a south Korean etimer in 19K.I w uh bl Americans atxiurd Within days of the disaster shultz met with Andrei \ Gromyko. then the Soviet foreign minister But they talk ed mostly atxmt the shoot down and the atmosphere in Madrid was frigid They did not get back to a norma, agenda until a meeting in stockholm in January I an Shultz is going to Moscow next week despi’e a furor over Soviet infiltration and eavesdropping at the I s Embassy and a lopsided Senate resolution urging him to reconsider While the talks will tx* held under what ta calls a heavy shadow,’ the agenda will not tx* shortened by the spying affair Arms control w ill tx* the main topic but Shultz is ready to talk w ith (Jenera! Secretary Mikhail s Gorbachev and Foreign Minister Eduard A Shevardnadze atxnit the w ar in Afghanistan human rights and other issues There are those Shultz said Wednesday who hold lh* view that if anything goes wrong just junk the wMouthing But the distinction President Reagan and Shultz made this time he said is that lf one way or another we can pursue something that is constructive and that is in our interest we will dos*) ” \" a matter of ta*t shuitz is not expected to dwell on non nuclear issue" The two "ide" have just completed "weeping reviews in Washington and Moscow * We don t expect a whole lot of discussion and we don’t expect any surprises another senior I S official said Thursday While the spying dispute will not trim shultz." agenda he is less likely to tx* venturesome in tile talks partly because the I S charges have made conservatives here at horn* even more suspicious o! dealing with Moscow said the official who spoke only on condition of anonym! ty \ resolution adopted Thursday by the Senate on a 7U kl vote urged Shultz either to cantel the Moscow trip or to find a more secure location The chief sponsor Sen Malcolm Wallop R-W’yo said it was horribly degrading that shultz might have to duck into a van parked in the I s Embassy courtyard to talk to his aides without being overhead by the Russians Earlier former Secretary of state Henry A Kissinger called the special security measures humiliating” and recommended that Shultz divert his talks with Shevard nadze to Helsinki But while angry shultz has also tx*en philosophical He lakes the position that some outrage or difficulty” is inev itahle in dealing w uh the sov let Union EDITORS \OTt' Harry Schueid has covered I S .so\ lei diplomacy since WTI! and hi ll accompany Secretary of State Oeorge P Shult/to Moscow ;

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