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New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (Newspaper) - February 25, 1987, New Braunfels, Texas Pige6A New Texas February County Agent Some suggestions for weed control in pastures By BILL SCHUMANN toms mav not aooear In woodv nlants usinc a oorous oottine medium nr frwinont watoHna nnj By BILL SCHUMANN County Extension Agent Producing top quality forage demands good management Attention must be paid to soil testing and proper harvesting equipment and dates or grazing forage analysis and weed Weeds compete with pasture plants for nutrients and while adding very little in the way of pro tein If your management ob jectives call for a high yield of high protein proper weed control must not be left especially in dryland Proper timing of applications is necessary to avoid contaminating the Read the label When the pasture grass is dor as in January and February paraquat is effective in controlling emerged annual broadleaf weeds and In our henbit is becom ing a problem paraquat or slmazine can be effective on this Dicamba and dicamba plus may also give control of annual and perennial broadleaf weeds in grass Diuron may be used on newly sprigged bermudagrass pastures to control pigweed and If you are going to spend good money on proper weed please spend good time on your equipment and Use the proper nozzle Calibrate your sprayer or make sure your ap plicator has equipment calibrated improper calibration cost you Read the label even if you have a custom applicator to apply the her Pay particular attention to the which may vary according to soil Most herbicides have restric tions on the number of days from ap plication to grazing or cutting this may vary from 40 to 90 Some herbides may restrict the planting of future Correctly identify the weed pro Apply what you need and enough of it at the proper Keep good records of your inputs costs and production You might even want to leave out an untreated check strip to determine just how effective your management Winter months are much too valuable to not use them in planning a preparation for weed A complete list of chemicals and ap plication rates can be obtained from county Extension Add organic matter to home gardens Adding plenty of organic matter to soil is one of the keys to a successful Organic matter improves the drainage and aeration of clay soils and helps sandy soils hold water and Spread a 2to 4inch layer of peat manure or even shredded newspapers over the garden surface and work it into a depth of 6 to 8 Before working in the add the recommended rate of fertilizer so that it will become part of the soil Many gardeners prefer using a shovel or spading fork when working up the but others like using Here are some tips in till ing These tips make the tilling job easier Till when soil is fairly dry and Tilling wet soil leaves behind large clouds and causes mud to cling to tiller thus upsetting the tillers Leave an unfilled row between passes since wide turns are easier to make than an about This also keeps the machine from pulling itself and you toward the next Reduce engine speed when breaking new ground or when tilling heavy clay soils so the tiller will dig better and bounce Set the brake stake half the desired depth when tilling ground the first time Then set it to full depth and go over the ground a se cond Countinuous tilling at the same level each year may cause a hard pan to Take a spade and dig below your tills depth to check for a hard Check plant foliage for root problems A check of the foliage of container plants often uncovers some root oriented Foliage symp toms pf root disorders usually in clude a tip or marginal burn of twig branch yeUpwijjg and early defoliation of older or needle drop on con cone bearing UteSi symptoms signal water Stress to improper spil moisture toms may not appear in woody plants for several days after water stress These problems are common during winter Roots in watersaturated soil lack oxygen needed for proper water up so foliage may show water stress when roots are standing in Overwatered soil also may emit a sour This problem can be corrected by flj much water ojr too Mem watery can cause root toliage symp using a porous potting medium or less frequent To help cor rect use a layer of coarse gravel in the bottom of the container and open drainage Salt evidenced by a white crust on a dry soil surface or con tainer results from excessive or frequent use of fertilizer or using water high in Salt problems are increased by frequent watering or by using catch pans which allow salty drainage water to move back up into the root Treating potting media with gyp sum helps remove salt from the con and occasional heavy water ing helps correct salt toxicity by leaching out salt Overwatering or poor drainage may often cause roots to Plants with root rot may be reclaimed by pruning to of existing removing damaged portions of root systems and repotting Into welldrained potting soil treated with a general purpose soil A rootbound condition will develop if plants are held too long in undersiz ed pots where roots cannot develop enough root system to support ex isting Root loosen ing of the root ball and repotting to a larger container corrects this situa Exposing plants to drastic environ ment such as moving them from house to yard or from shade to direct or placing them near air conditioner vents also may result in symptoms similar to those that develop from root 1Yeaf Zero Interest MHM v SnHETRUCKLOAD 1Year Zero 2 Big Trucks Full Of Bedding And Appliances Magic Chef APPLIANCES 1Year Zero Englander BEDDING 1Year Zero MANUAL DEFROST UPRIGHT FREEZER Magic Chef defrost dram flow shelves Jutce shelves storage gate light Now only 398 30 GAS OR ELECTRIC RANGE WITH SPILLCATCHING COOKTOP cook top Continuous steel giates Super sensitive heat guard Low heat ovun control additional standard features YOUR CHOICE 4CYCLE 18 CAPACITY WASHER Single speed position water saver selector Cotton linen and permanent press cycles Perforated 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