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New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (Newspaper) - February 16, 1984, New Braunfels, Texas New Braunfels HwaMZeitung February Cattle should be fed based on nutrition needs By BILL SCHUMANN Conty Extension Agent For sound winter nutrition beef cattle must be fed according to their nutritional requirements to achieve proper maintenance and production of the This means that cattlemen must know the nutritional requirements of their herd and factors influencing them so they can separate cattle into production groups and feed ac It is impossible to feed a herd properly where bulls run with cows all calving occurs yearround allowing for cattle in all production stages and cattle are not separated based on their individual Since feed requirements of different animals vary so cattle of dif f rent ages and production status must be fed separately to realize high productivity at minimum Producers must consider many factors in separating cattle according to their stage of production and nutritional digestible energy and mineral requirements are about the same for weaned pregnant heifers and pregnant older cattle consume so younger animals must be fed higher quality feeds with more protein and Lactating cattle require much larger amounts of energy and Herd bulls have a requirement similar to lactating Cows with first calf or young heifers may not receive their share of supplement if fed with older Nutrient requirement of beef cattle depend on stage of production and Young stock must be separated from older stock to be fed for proper older animals will dominate and consume the younger animals Proper winter development is important in young and studies indicate they should gain threefourths to one pound a day during their first winter as weaner growing heifers require about one pound of crude protein and between 12 to 14 megacalories of digestible energy per head Nutrient requirements of cows depend on condition entering stage of production and milking ability during Fat cows should make only small gains before calving while thin cows may need to gain 100 to 150 pounds by calving Average conditioned cows may need gain 60 to 80 pounds over These cattle have about the same protein and enregy requirements as growing Stage of production is one of the most improtant factors in deter mining a cows nutrient After calving for the first three or four a cow needs 60 percent more energy and more than twice as much protein per day as the rest of the a lactating cow requires about two pounds of protein and 2830 megacalories of digestible energy With such diversity of nutrient requirements in the beef cattle its quite apparent that animals must be separated and fed To acheive a heavy calf each a producers must understand nutritional needs of his heard and establish a sound nutrition Pruning fruit trees Developing a strong central leader is vital to a successful Soil conservation Grass planting season arrives By CARL ENGLERTH District conservationist The season to begin planting im proved grass pastures is planting methods and planting seed or materials need to be considered This is usually the time to sprig most bermuda you may need to delay sprigging bermuda grass until moisture conditions are Coastal bermuda grass sprigs are dormant at this time and are usually dug and planted in January and Coastal planted during this time in the Comal County area is generally more successful than at other Coastal sprigs are usually planted by a sprigging machine to a depth of three to four inches in a well prepared weedfree Following the the soil is usually firmed tighter around the sprig by use of a cultipackers or Firming the soil around the sprig will improve the success of the The sprigs are usually dormant at this time and will remain in the ground until soil moisture and conditions are right for There are other ways to plant coastal bermudagrass besides planting the springs with a sprigging Sprigs can be broadcast over loose soil conditions by the use of a manure spreading Then a heavy tandem or crosscut disk is used to force the sprigs into the loose soil by taking most of the set out of the This method requires a very soft moist seedbed at the After sprigs are forced into the the seedbed has to be packed or rolled to firm the soil around the This method has been fairly sucessful in the experience is needed in fanning For seeding most improve grasses and grain warmer soil con ditions are more This is the season for most small grass seeds being planted in There are more improve grasses and native grasses available to the fanner and rancher today than there have been in the the agriculture producer needs to be knowledgable of which grasses will be bet suited for hu The Soil Conservation Service has information on the various It is not always to make a decision on which one to each graai has its own place and an evaluation of improved grass needs along with your present grasses can usually help you make the Once you made your decision on the grau to shop for your best buy on One word of dont sacrifice low quality cheap seed for quality certified Most recommended seeding rates are minimum seeding rates based on certified amounts of pure live Pure live seed is a percentage of pure germ and dormant or hard Those persons needing help in determining the right amounts of seed can get help in doing this from your local SCS Field Seedbeds for planting seeded grass are qually as important as the seedbed for planting coastal ber mudagrass or a regular tilling the soil 4 inches deep is not necesary for seeded grasses since the small tiny seeds are planted within the top inch of the soil sur Planting small seeded grasses are relatively There are a number of planters used in planting small grass seed as the seed is usually planted on the surface of the The methods used in packing the soil will usually be enough to get the right amount of soil over and around the sm all Equipment used to pack the soil is usually a cultipacker or The grass seed or sprig will remain in the soil until soil moisture and conditions are right for growth to Once growth begins and the plant emerges from the you are on the way to As all is not as you will probably need to help the plant along by fertilizing and controlling com petitive unwanted weeds and annual Fertilizer is a necessity for improve In this a soil test will usually be made on a new pasture to determine the exact amount of fer tilizer needed for new pastures will require at least 40 pounds of nitrogen and 40 pounds of phosphate to get the grass pasture established during the first dont be surprised if those old cropland fields require more because they usually If you dont plan to fertilize your newly planted improve you should consider not planting the Fertilizer is essential for most improve grasses and will usually provide a better return for dollar Your local County Agent or Soil Conservation Service can supply you with testing information sheets and bags to assist you in having your soil analyzed for the proper amount of fertilizer needed for establishment and maintenance of your unproved Weed control ia just aa important as fertilizing and can sometimes be just as stimulating to the From the time the new plant emerges until it a sustaining root weed control by mechanical or chemical will bo County agent pecan or apricot First Head back young trees to 30 inches high immediately after Remove all side shoots or When new shoots are 4 to 6 inches select the upright sprout as the central leader trunk and remove other upright New branches will be chosen along the central Begin selecting scaffold branches early but remove all suckers and branches below 18 inches to leave room for hoeing and Permanent scaffold should grow horizontally from the main trunk and be spaced every four to six inches up the Do not choose branches arising from the same point on the trunk or directly over each During the end of the first growing have one strong central leader and at least three to four permanent scaffold Horoscope Second In January and head back the central leader at least onethird of last years This pronmotes more scaffold branches along the central Head back each branch to encourage lateral branching and discourage competition with the central The lowest branch should be at least 18 inches above the Select new scaffold branches every four to six inches by the trunk during the growing Early in the growing select the upright sprout as the central leader and remove competing upright Continue selecting scaffold limbs with shoots 4 to 6 inches Lateral branches held in a horizontal position with limb spreaders or ties promote early flower bud Third and following In head back the central leader at least onethird of last years Older scaffolds will have hew branches forming seconday shoots or Remove vigorous upright suckers and haed back all lateral Follow general pruning rules and remove poorly positioned The tree should begin to develop a Christmastree Upper bran ches should not shade lower During the growing season select only one upright shoot to maintain the central Fruiting on side scaffolds spreads limbs and en courages more fruiting next Lateral scaffold branches held in a horizontal position with limb spreaders or ties set fruit buds for next Mature The main framework is established and the central leader needs no further Do not cut the central leader back unless its necessary to lower the Follow general pruning rules to maintain shape and allow light to enter the trees no two plants grow and develop exactly Trying to ob tian identical frameworks in young trees can be The best solution is to compromise know the idea and modify it to suit each in Fruit trees often are neglected for several years and become bushy and These trees can be brought back into production by careful pruning for two to three years to rejuvenate new fruiting Start by making a large thinning cuts to remove entire limbs tha crowd or Reduce the height by removing taller Do not remove more than onefourth of the larger branches any one heavy pruning of the larger branches any one This heavy pruning stimulates tree growth and promotes suckers and Remove these undesirable branches during the summer months to prevent shading in the center of the Every dormant remove a few more large branches until the tree form is Make few heavy cuts rather than many small In several the tree will be back into fruit By STELLA WILDER FEBRUARY 16 Born you are highly Even as a you picked up the slightest vibration of favor or disfavor wafting toward you from other situations or You need harmony in your surroundings to do your best but you are not at all unable to function adequately even amid the highest degree of con Courageous in the face of you other wise may give on an air of Although you are not ydii Welcome any whcr will shoulder at least part of your responsibility or take over part of your duties in whatever area of life they may You can be counted on to keep a but you are wise and do not promise To see what is in store for you find your birthday and read the corresponding FEBRUARY 17 AQUARIUS 18 Take advantage of an opportunity that could change your Other you will surely regret PISCES 19March 20 Your tendencey to procrastinate could cause you to lose out on what would have been certain gain by ARIES March 21April 19 Home and family affairs must not be allowed to interfere with the settling of career problems TAURUS April 20May 20 Continue to exercise your authority where your own future is Allow no one to dictate GEMINI May 21June 20 Some interference from family members may cause you to lose out on an Your chance will come CANCER June 21July 22 Favorable decisions from higherups enable you to get on with the business of creating a niche for LEO July 22 Consult one who has already launched a project similar to the one you You can learn much VIRGO 22 Avoid financial transactions involving You would do better to work alone than with an unprepared LIBRA 22 Circumstances developing in the background may make your private life Take heart order resumes at SCORPIO 21 Push new career plans early in the Correspond with one who can htjlp make key SAGITTARIUS 21 Handle affairs even if there is one too Too many cooks may well spoil the day CAPRICORN 19 Joint financial affairs appear confused Experts agree you need their help give them the Nightlife In area clubs Bluebonnet IH 35 South 91 Saturday Nashville Bottom Dollar McQueeney Tonight through Saturday Randy Leiter the Billy Ball Crystal Loop 337 Friday Possum Saturday John Eagles 257 South 812 Valentine ball with The Littl Faust Hotel 240 Seguin Tonight through Saturday Aaron Texas Dance 281 South Friday Clay Blaker the Texas Honky Tonk Saturday The Newton Wagon FM 306 at Saltier 91 Kim Wolfgangs 295 San Antonio Bill Knight at the every night but On area screens Brauntex 290 San Antonio Yentl PG and Angel Show time 7 15 Cinema I ft Walnut Square The Pit Shows at and each Also Surf II R with nightly shows at 7 and I find the big Block finds me the big Big refunds are the best catch of all at ax Thais why I go to My pre parer is trained to know where to look for every deduction and And over the long that means more money in my 1 who know their business go to BLOCK 142 Castell nan utt Ht M rum CHMOe IT mar Calf on Us for All Your Phone Needs TELEPHONE VALUED ibLCi nuiic VHLUCO Cordless Phone at Lowest Price Ever ET350 by Radio Shack Cut 38 4995 Universal Dial System for pushbutton dialing even on rotary AutoRedial and pri vacy Up to 100foot Tone Telephone AutoDialer by Radio Shack nn DUOFONE 93T AUTODIALER I Save30 8995 Stores and dials up to 93 phone To just dial the name or initals youve assigned to a phone Tone service Phone not included Telephone Answering Sysjem DU6FONE TAD114 by Radio Shack 17995 USE VOUR Records Messages Up to 3 Minutes Long Never miss another important call again Voiceactivated design saves Remote control lets you hear your 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