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New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (Newspaper) - June 21, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas 4 NeW Brsunfeto HwMZettung ions Dave General Manager HvraldZtitung Robert Editor James Kilpaftrick errie Court off base on abortion issue WASHINGTON In the rekindled debate over a womans right to an two broad question present The first te a moral issue Is abortion morally wrong The second is a legal issue Is the Supreme Courts position con stitutionally right On the moral there seems to be little middle A large body of propounded chiefly but not exclusively by the Catholic holds that abortion Is gravely wrong It is tantamount to Yet even such dedicated fores of abortion as Orrin Hatch of Utah tend to back away from a rigid position that abortion is wrong any cir The senators proposed constitutional amendment would give congress and the states the power no only to prohibit abortions but also restrict I am not competent to address the moral issue theology and metaphysics are off my I pause merely to make the point that if every without Is to be regarded as a breaking of the com mandment laid down in Exodus many of those who oppose abortion as a moral wrong are on shaky Thou shalt not kill appears to mean just If abortions may be which is to if abortions may be sanctioned to prevent the consequences of rape or to save the life of a then we are into morality by I leave it at Is the Supreme Courts position constitutionally right Ten years when Justice Blackmun wrote the majority opinion in Roe I said it was disgraceful example of judicial Last week the court voted 63 to reaffirm its holding of The earlier criticism Ten years ago a majority of the court fabricated a law on abortion out of whole Last weeks this time by Justice is con stitutionally as This is not to challenge the premises of the courts there is a right to individual liberty established under the 14th Amend And the almost forgotten Andy Rooncy Penning anoath for journalists Dan the television news and Steve the 60 Minutes are my friends so you wouldnt trust any opinion I gave you about But you can understand how happy I am that they were absolved of any wrongdoing by the jury in the libel case brought against them and CBS News by a Los Angles Steve a lawyer is one of the best of the 60 Minutes producers and Dan didnt get to the top of his profession with shoddy so I was never very worried about the outcome of that The was troubling to everyone in the news To what news standards do we adhere and how do we in the business adhereto them Sometimes I envy physicians their Hippocratic the creed they swear allegiance to when they become Journalists ought to have a code they swear to when they enter the Even though I like the Idea of the Hipocratic the oath itself is a little out of I swear by the physician it I dont think thats much of a but there are a lot of good things in the oath even though it needs The Hippocratic Oath asks the young doctor to take care of the physician who taught him as he would take care of his own To tell you the most young reporters donl feel all that kindly toward the editors who taught them their so wed need something different The Hippocratic oath also asks the yjoung doctor to do only what is right for his patients and to do nothing that is He promises to give no patient deadly medicine and not to induce an abortion for any pregnant The new doctor promises not to seduce any males or females and not to reveal any You can sec there are a lot of ways a journalists oath would differ from the The new journalist certainly wouldnt start by swearing to and probably not even to Walter Lippmann or Ed The oath should be simple and I was thinking of some things that ought to be in Here are some suggestions for THE JOURNALISTS CODE OF ETHICS The word journalist is a little pompous and I will only use it on special I am a journalist because I believe that if all the worldhad all the facts about everything it would be a better I understand that the facts and the truth are not always the It is my job to report the facts so that others candecide oh the I will try to tell people what they ought to know and avoid telling them what they want to except when the two which isnt I will not do deliberate harm to any except to the extent that the facts harm them and then I will not avoid the No including kind will be accepted when it is offered for the purpose of influencing my What I wish were the facts will not influence what investigation leads me to believe them to I will be suspicious of every self intcrsted source of My professional character will be superior to my private I will not use my profession to help or espouse any nor alter my report for the benefit of any no matter how worthy that cause may appear to I will not reveal the source of information given to me in con Eat your heart By WALTER ME ARS AP Special Corrospondont WASHINGTON the time politicians begin warning that one Issue or another should not become a political it already President Ueagan and his Democratic critics are demonstrating that almost dally in the scrimmage over The issue involves priorities and control In an area of concern to virtually every American That would seem to make it the perfect topic for substantive debate in the campaign for the White It certainly will be a Reagan and his wouldbe Democratic challengers already have seized the How substantive the debate is another Even as Reagan reissued the political football he told parents to start pressing the federal government for action for a return to basics and oldfashioned American values in the gend a message to and make it loud and the and In Tell them you wont the basics back in your schools and the parents back in charge tell them education must never become a political football because your children come At the same Democratic presidential candidates were criticizing the administration and demanding that more federal money be put into public For Former Vice President Walter Mondale proposes fU billion in additional federal aid for billion of it to be allocated by local school Ernest said every American teacher should get a pay raise financed by Reagan opposes increased federal aid or contending that the schools were better before Washington got involved in the first He says the quality of public education suffered for the federal control that went with federal The education issue has been there all along pwWjc opinion analysts se U UWte over the next Ninth Amendment does say that the people retain other certain rights that are not spelled out the Suprememe Court has power to construe these All that is quite And if the Supreme Court had stopped at that leaving it to the states to define the manner in which this liberty could be I would be content to let the principles of federalism discover acceptable political This is what the court has done in a thousand other The right to free speech is among our but noghing prevents the states and localities from passing laws on billboards and sound The right to trial by jury is among our but nothing prevents the states from saying how juries shall be We have a right to the free exercise of but as the court demon strated the Internal Revenue Service may define the kind of religion we are free to Justice dissenting last week with Justices Rehnquist and took a cleareyed view of what was wrong with Roe Wade in There is no she in law or logic for the elaborate framework of abortion by trimesters of pregnancy that the court fashioned 10 years We should not she that legislatures are ultimate guardians of the liberties and welfare of the people in quite as great a degree as the Such issues as accepted medical prac tice ought not to be determined by the Supreme Court at a level of constitutional The appropriate forum for their resolution in a democracy is the Roe Wade has been not only reaffirmed but also in some ways If the legislative power of the states is to be restored in this sensitive area of the it can be done only by constitutional amend ment or by an unforeseeable reversal of the two decisions by a future Neither course is but if we are to prevent further erosion of the foundation stone of Die Hatch amendment may be the best avenue toward that Washington Today everyones football JUSTICE ID RKON51PER TOR 5A VISION 6ENEEMAN HERB WHO WANTS EARRING MILITARV Jack Anderson American firm left out in cold as oilrich country reneges on debt WASHINGTON For a dizzying the oilrich Arab sheikdoms have been scattering petrodollars to the wind like autumn Eager American businessmen have scrambled to rake in their They have offered the Arab rulers everything they from schools and hospitals to private jets and fancy Now many businessmen cant collect the money thats owed The drop in world oil prices has forced he Arab producers to cut back on their extravagant So sheikdoms have simply refused to pay their Perhaps the worst of the desert according to State Department sources is the United Arab Its still one of the wealthiest Arab with billions of dollars in It should be able to pay its But the situation has become so acute that the American ambassador in Abu Dhabi complained to the crown As a confidential cable tells the the ambassador explained that he was taking the unusual step of elevating this basically com mercial matter to the level of bilateral discussion between governments because of potential political The cable identified these political implications as the burgeoning ranks of unreimbursed smaller who were becoming increasingly One such creditor is a family DeAlmeida Construction of Old founded by Lino DeAlmeida a Portuguese Im Over the years he built the company to the point in he felt able to take on a multimillion clollar contract to build an extensive sesver system in Abu Although inexperienced in the business partner the brotherinlaw of Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al the UAE DeAmeida would assure fair But there was a hitch a colossal DeAlmeida was relying on an earlier study by a British which showed that the sewer system ex cavation would be in sand and It turned out to be mostly solid which led to a million cost overrun on the original Assured orally by various figures in the UAE government and business circles that the million would be DeAlmeida went ahead with the But the company has been unable to As for the supposedly influential Suhayl bin he turned out to be even less trust worthy than the British firms soil When the DeAmeidas pressed their case for they and their American employees were harassed and Some including Uno DeAlmeida have been thrown in jail on The younger DeAlmeidas life was also threatened by the sheiks In Uno QeAimeida diedHis family told my associate Lucettte Lagnado the strain of the UAE mess had alot to do with his James has complained to the State which has tried to persuade the UAE government that it must honor its State is also warning other American business firms that its risky to deal with the UAE But the diplomatic pressure may not save The company is on the verge of many of their local employees in Abu Dhabi quit because they werent getting The DeAlmefcias suspect UAE wants them out of the country Then the Arab including the might be able to collect money owed to the company and keep it Cutting off Escape Fresh from their victory In the fight over withholding savingsincome the banking industry is now going after the last resort of borrowers who have gotten in too deep in many cases thanks to the ease with which they have been able to get in over their heads through heavily promoted credit cards and other later The bankers target is the bankruptcy which allows a consumer who has overextended himself to start over again with a clean The American Bankers joined by the Credit Union National the National Consumer Finance Sears Household Finance and Beneficial Management wants to amend the bankruptcy Jaw so that those who file will have to pay pre bankruptcy debts out of future in This will effectively kill the fresh start they now get by going into The proposed legislation will affect only not It would hit lowincome borrowers The powerful interests behind the amendment have contributed heavily to their friends in Congress more than million in the 1982 campaign Of the 100 House members who cosponsored the n got con tributions from the five leading creditindustry political action The top 10 recipients of the credit industrys largess were Bill Stan Us Stephen Lybropk Butler Robert Freeman John George R Idaho Barney p and Hal The Senate passed a similar amendment in April on a voice Only Howard I spoke out against the charging that it tips the scales in favor of Metzenbaitm got no campaign contributions from the credit
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